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Abbreviation: AR
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Long forms: 1396

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
androgen receptor
(10590 times)
Neoplasms
(2432 times)
PCa (860 times)
CRPC (818 times)
ER (651 times)
1979 Interaction of spironolactone with rat skin androgen receptor.
allergic rhinitis
(3131 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1322 times)
OVA (211 times)
IL (148 times)
AD (131 times)
1980 Allergic and nonallergic rhinitis: their characterization with attention to the meaning of nasal eosinophilia.
aortic regurgitation
(1459 times)
Cardiology
(953 times)
LV (277 times)
AS (186 times)
AVR (135 times)
1976 [Electrocardiographic and radiographic course after aortic valve replacement].
acute rejection
(1004 times)
Transplantation
(499 times)
DGF (92 times)
CR (67 times)
ATN (46 times)
1975 Arteriography of renal transplants.
augmented reality
(792 times)
Medical Informatics
(131 times)
VR (113 times)
CT (27 times)
MR (23 times)
1996 Towards a novel augmented-reality tool to visualize dynamic 3-D anatomy.
aldose reductase
(776 times)
Biochemistry
(170 times)
SDH (47 times)
STZ (42 times)
ROS (30 times)
1977 Aldose reductase and sorbitol dehydrogenase distribution in rat kidney.
acrosome reaction
(618 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(367 times)
ZP (75 times)
IVF (24 times)
CTC (22 times)
1980 Induction of the acrosome reaction in guinea pig spermatozoa by cGMP analogues.
adrenergic receptor
(544 times)
Biochemistry
(89 times)
NE (59 times)
ISO (23 times)
BAT (20 times)
1987 Regulation of adrenergic receptor function by phosphorylation. II. Effects of agonist occupancy on phosphorylation of alpha 1- and beta 2-adrenergic receptors by protein kinase C and the cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase.
autoregressive
(520 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(182 times)
EEG (59 times)
FFT (45 times)
HRV (30 times)
1974 Modeling and forecasting populations by time series: The Swedish case.
10  autosomal recessive
(443 times)
Genetics, Medical
(107 times)
AD (168 times)
RP (32 times)
XL (27 times)
1980 [Medico-genetic study of the population of Turkmenistan. I. Hereditary diseases in 5 districts of the Ashkabad region].
11  adenosine receptor
(380 times)
Chemistry
(103 times)
NECA (14 times)
GPCRs (11 times)
WT (11 times)
1991 Methylxanthine treatment of smooth muscle cells differentially modulates adenylate cyclase responsiveness.
12  androgen
(250 times)
Endocrinology
(37 times)
ER (140 times)
PR (98 times)
GR (65 times)
1983 Serum hormone and steroid hormone receptor levels during luteal-phase and long-term treatment with danazol.
13  antibiotic resistance
(229 times)
Environmental Health
(56 times)
ARGs (21 times)
ARB (13 times)
ESBL (11 times)
1993 Studies on the ecology of aquatic bacteria of the lower Niger Delta: multiple antibiotic resistance among the standard plate count organisms.
14  amphiregulin
(223 times)
Neoplasms
(68 times)
EGF (88 times)
TGF-alpha (66 times)
EGFR (61 times)
1988 Amphiregulin: a bifunctional growth-modulating glycoprotein produced by the phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-treated human breast adenocarcinoma cell line MCF-7.
15  anterior resection
(196 times)
General Surgery
(105 times)
HCC (44 times)
NAR (42 times)
APR (39 times)
1978 Abdominosacral resection for carcinoma of the midrectum: ten years experience.
16  aspect ratio
(193 times)
Nanotechnology
(28 times)
SR (15 times)
IAs (7 times)
LSPR (7 times)
1998 Structure of the Aggregates During the Process of Aggregation and Breakup Under a Shear Flow.
17  antireflection
(191 times)
Ophthalmology
(95 times)
HR (6 times)
LbL (6 times)
SEM (5 times)
1979 Antireflective coatings applied from metal-organic derived liquid precursors.
18  acoustic rhinometry
(152 times)
Otolaryngology
(96 times)
MCA (32 times)
VAS (19 times)
PNIF (17 times)
1993 [Acoustic rhinometry: measuring the early and late phase of allergic immediate reaction in allergic rhinitis].
19  androgen receptor gene
(130 times)
Neoplasms
(22 times)
AIS (11 times)
CAIS (9 times)
PCa (7 times)
1991 Molecular genetic analysis of the Ta25H deletion: evidence for additional deleted loci.
20  axial rotation
(122 times)
Orthopedics
(57 times)
LB (106 times)
FE (93 times)
ROM (63 times)
1997 In vitro testing of a new transpedicular stabilization technique.
21  attributable risk
(116 times)
Epidemiology
(17 times)
RR (33 times)
CI (23 times)
OR (18 times)
1982 [Lung cancer and cigarette smoking in women. (Results of a case control study)].
22  adventitious root
(92 times)
Botany
(44 times)
LR (10 times)
IAA (9 times)
IBA (9 times)
2004 Adventitious root formation in Arabidopsis thaliana thin cell layers.
23  attack rate
(91 times)
Communicable Diseases
(27 times)
CI (18 times)
RR (8 times)
CFR (7 times)
1989 Shigellosis outbreaks at summer camps for the mentally retarded in New York State.
24  adaptive response
(90 times)
Genetics
(33 times)
MN (12 times)
BE (7 times)
CD (6 times)
1991 Adaptive response in irradiated human lymphocytes: radiobiological and genetical aspects.
25  anthelmintic resistance
(88 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(55 times)
FECRT (23 times)
GIN (20 times)
FEC (16 times)
1995 [Anthelmintics resistance in gastrointestinal nematodes in domestic animals].
26  airway responsiveness
(85 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(43 times)
AHR (11 times)
MCh (7 times)
BALF (6 times)
1984 The relationship between airways responsiveness and chronic airflow limitation.
27  antimicrobial resistance
(81 times)
Microbiology
(24 times)
MDR (9 times)
ARGs (4 times)
AS (4 times)
2000 Antibiotic resistance monitoring: a laboratory perspective.
28  Astragali Radix
(81 times)
Pharmacology
(36 times)
ASR (19 times)
DBT (16 times)
TCM (11 times)
1996 Protective effect of astragali radix by oral administration against Japanese encephalitis virus infection in mice.
29  allograft rejection
(76 times)
Transplantation
(41 times)
RT-PCR (7 times)
ESRD (5 times)
SNPs (4 times)
1982 Bilateral versus unilateral penetrating graft in keratoconus.
30  artificially reared
(69 times)
Pediatrics
(18 times)
MR (30 times)
PND (8 times)
MF (4 times)
1983 Small intestine of artificially reared rat pups: weight gain and changes in alkaline phosphatase, lactase and sucrase activities during development.
31  antigen retrieval
(68 times)
Histocytochemistry
(38 times)
IHC (16 times)
FFPE (6 times)
ICC (4 times)
1994 Expression of EBV encoded latent membrane protein 1 (LMP-1) and bcl-2 protein in childhood and adult Hodgkin's disease: application of microwave irradiation for antigen retrieval.
32  abortion rate
(67 times)
Toxicology
(8 times)
IR (6 times)
MC (4 times)
PR (4 times)
1981 [Pharmacokinetic characteristics of 14C-peritol based on data on its distribution in rat tissue].
33  area at risk
(65 times)
Cardiology
(40 times)
IS (25 times)
AN (11 times)
IA (7 times)
1981 Demonstration of lateral and epicardial border zone salvage by flurbiprofen using an in vivo method for assessing myocardium at risk.
34  aspirin resistance
(59 times)
Vascular Diseases
(14 times)
AS (15 times)
AA (10 times)
ADP (8 times)
2005 Dipyridamole decreases protease-activated receptor and annexin-v binding on platelets of post stroke patients with aspirin nonresponsiveness.
35  absolute risk
(57 times)
Medicine
(16 times)
RR (18 times)
CI (9 times)
CVD (5 times)
1987 Radiation carcinogenesis in humans: is it necessary to revise exposure dose limits based on recent estimates of lifetime risks?
36  Alkylresorcinols
(57 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(43 times)
WG (12 times)
DHPPA (8 times)
DHBA (6 times)
2003 Alkylresorcinols in cereals and cereal products.
37  atrophic rhinitis
(55 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(36 times)
Bb (5 times)
PM (4 times)
ADG (3 times)
1977 Treatment with oxytetracycline hydrochloride in the prevention of atrophic rhinitis in baby pigs.
38  adiposity rebound
(52 times)
Pediatrics
(19 times)
BMI (24 times)
CI (5 times)
AP (3 times)
1998 Early adiposity rebound and the risk of adult obesity.
39  acid resistance
(46 times)
Microbiology
(21 times)
STEC (5 times)
ATR (4 times)
NAR (3 times)
1995 Comparative analysis of extreme acid survival in Salmonella typhimurium, Shigella flexneri, and Escherichia coli.
40  adverse reactions
(46 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
HR (3 times)
AS (2 times)
BW (2 times)
1979 Furosemide-induced adverse reactions in cirrhosis of the liver.
41  active recovery
(44 times)
Sports Medicine
(22 times)
PR (25 times)
HR (8 times)
CWI (6 times)
1983 Prior exhaustive exercise and subsequent, maximal constant load exercise performance.
42  applied relaxation
(38 times)
Therapeutics
(17 times)
GAD (15 times)
CBT (8 times)
CT (7 times)
1993 Applied relaxation training in the treatment of genital herpes.
43  apoptotic rate
(37 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
AMI (5 times)
TUNEL (4 times)
AI (3 times)
1996 Apoptosis in glial tumors as determined by in situ nonradioactive labeling of DNA breaks.
44  acoustic reflex
(36 times)
Audiology
(19 times)
ABR (4 times)
HL (3 times)
ART (2 times)
1976 Acoustic reflex latency as a function of frequency and intensity of eliciting stimulus.
45  acquired resistance
(33 times)
Neoplasms
(17 times)
EGFR (11 times)
TKIs (11 times)
NSCLC (10 times)
2003 Acquired resistance functions in mlo barley, which is hypersusceptible to Magnaporthe grisea.
46  action research
(33 times)
Nursing
(9 times)
PAR (2 times)
bCPAP (1 time)
CBPR (1 time)
2002 Studying health care "quality" qualitatively: the dilemmas and tensions between different forms of evaluation research within the U.K. National Health Service.
47  ankyrin repeat
(33 times)
Biochemistry
(16 times)
FIH (2 times)
MBP (2 times)
AKT1 (1 time)
2003 Designed to be stable: crystal structure of a consensus ankyrin repeat protein.
48  aortic root
(33 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
AA (8 times)
AV (6 times)
AD (3 times)
1976 Echocardiographic criteria of normal left atrial size in adults.
49  asymmetry ratio
(33 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
oVEMP (8 times)
cVEMP (5 times)
VEMP (5 times)
1992 Asymmetric metabolism of hypothalamic catecholamines alternates with side of ovulation in a lizard (Anolis carolinensis).
50  alizarin red
(32 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
ALP (12 times)
BMP-2 (3 times)
BMSCs (2 times)
1998 Effects of polyelectrolyte complex (PEC) on human periodontal ligament fibroblast (HPLF) function. I. Three-dimensional structure of HPLF cultured on PEC.
51  allelic richness
(29 times)
Genetics
(5 times)
He (6 times)
VA (2 times)
ABC (1 time)
2003 Effects of native forest regeneration practices on genetic diversity in Eucalyptus consideniana.
52  Amplex Red
(29 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
HRP (5 times)
SC (3 times)
ATP (2 times)
2000 Fluorescent coupled enzyme assays for D-alanine: application to penicillin-binding protein and vancomycin activity assays.
53  aromatase
(29 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
AG (7 times)
ER (4 times)
CSCC (3 times)
1987 Effect of the antiprogestin RU486 on human ovarian steroidogenesis.
54  autoregressive model
(28 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(15 times)
HRV (5 times)
FFT (4 times)
ARMA (3 times)
1992 Detection and evolution of rhythmic components in ictal EEG using short segment spectra and discriminant analysis.
55  allergic rhinoconjunctivitis
(27 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(18 times)
AD (4 times)
AIT (2 times)
HDM (2 times)
2000 Atopic diseases among adults in the two geographically related arctic areas Nikel, Russia and Sor-Varanger, Norway: possible effects of indoor and outdoor air pollution.
56  autoregulation
(27 times)
Neurosurgery
(7 times)
CPP (7 times)
ICP (6 times)
MAP (5 times)
1991 [Effect of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor and calcium channel blocker on renal function of spontaneously hypertensive rat].
57  acute cellular rejection
(25 times)
Transplantation
(13 times)
NR (3 times)
CR (2 times)
CVE (2 times)
1991 Does histologic acute rejection in lung allografts predict the development of bronchiolitis obliterans?
58  average reference
(25 times)
Neurosciences
(8 times)
REST (14 times)
EEG (10 times)
LM (10 times)
1994 Focal abnormalities of P3 ERPs unveiled in patients with cortical lesions and primary progressive aphasia by average reference recordings.
59  accommodative response
(24 times)
Ophthalmology
(15 times)
AS (4 times)
TA (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1986 A quasi-static study of accommodation in amblyopia.
60  activity ratio
(23 times)
Environmental Health
(16 times)
AP (1 time)
ASMC (1 time)
CCCs (1 time)
1992 Inhibition of pig aortic smooth muscle cell DNA synthesis by selective type III and type IV cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase inhibitors.
61  area ratio
(23 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
SAECG (3 times)
ARFI (2 times)
ROC (2 times)
1990 Effect of age on the in vitro reflection coefficient of the aortoiliac bifurcation in humans.
62  access recirculation
(22 times)
Nephrology
(10 times)
AVF (4 times)
CPR (4 times)
EID (3 times)
1995 Estimating equilibrated Kt/V from an intradialytic sample: effects of access and cardiopulmonary recirculations.
63  anaphylactoid reactions
(22 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
RCM (3 times)
ACE (2 times)
BK (2 times)
1978 Radiographic contrast media studies in high-risk patients.
64  allergic
(20 times)
Otolaryngology
(6 times)
NAR (16 times)
IR (2 times)
AET (1 time)
1995 The study of pollen and Der p mite-specific IgE antibodies in children with allergic rhinitis.
65  area
(20 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
Dm (3 times)
ACL (2 times)
FV (2 times)
1990 [An experimental study of the orthodontic force effect on internal remodeling of mandibular bone].
66  assisted reproduction
(19 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(8 times)
ECCP (2 times)
ICSI (2 times)
CHB (1 time)
1993 Establishment of an assisted reproduction program in the Armed Forces.
67  acid rain
(18 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
ROS (3 times)
SAR (3 times)
AOA (1 time)
2006 Responses of antioxidant enzyme and photosynthesis in rape seedling to the combined stresses of acid rain and ultraviolet-B radiation.
68  akinetic-rigid
(18 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
PD (17 times)
TD (13 times)
PIGD (4 times)
2004 Hand rhythmic tapping and timing in Parkinson's disease.
69  Alismatis rhizoma
(18 times)
Complementary Therapies
(4 times)
HFD (4 times)
Srebf2 (2 times)
AC (1 time)
2011 Hypolipidemic effects of Alismatis rhizome on lipid profile in mice fed high-fat diet.
70  Arkansas
(18 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
GA (4 times)
LA (3 times)
AZ (2 times)
1995 Sputum cytology within and across laboratories. A reliability study.
71  arthritis
(18 times)
Rheumatology
(5 times)
CR (3 times)
RF (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1968 [Laboratory results in rheumatoid arthritis (A.R.)].
72  adequate relief
(17 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
IBS (12 times)
IBS-QOL (6 times)
IBS-SSS (6 times)
2009 Adequate relief in a treatment trial with IBS patients: a prospective assessment.
73  airway reactivity
(17 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(7 times)
AHR (3 times)
MCh (3 times)
OVA (3 times)
1986 Effect of age on lung mechanics and airway reactivity in lambs.
74  allelic ratio
(17 times)
Hematology
(7 times)
AML (10 times)
OS (5 times)
FLT3-ITD (4 times)
2001 Determination of loss of heterozygosity in frozen and paraffin embedded tumors by denaturating high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC).
75  ambiguity resolution
(17 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(16 times)
GNSS (5 times)
BDS (4 times)
PPP (4 times)
2015 Performance analysis on carrier phase-based tightly-coupled GPS/BDS/INS integration in GNSS degraded and denied environments.
76  anticoagulant rodenticide
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
SGAR (2 times)
DDT (1 time)
GIS (1 time)
2011 Does small mammal prey guild affect the exposure of predators to anticoagulant rodenticides?
77  aortic
(17 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
MR (16 times)
TR (6 times)
LV (4 times)
1983 Quantitation of aortic and mitral regurgitation in the pediatric population: evaluation by radionuclide angiocardiography.
78  average requirement
(17 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(11 times)
UL (6 times)
AI (4 times)
EFSA (3 times)
2002 The North/South Ireland Food Consumption Survey: vitamin intakes in 18-64-year-old adults.
79  activity restriction
(16 times)
Geriatrics
(3 times)
CBV (2 times)
IR (2 times)
IVGTT (2 times)
2004 Validity of reported energy expenditure and reported intake of energy, protein, sodium and potassium in rheumatoid arthritis patients in a dietary intervention study.
80  Allura Red
(16 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
AM (2 times)
BB (2 times)
CD (2 times)
2005 Loading and release of charged dyes using ultrathin hydrogels.
81  amplitude ratio
(16 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
CCT (3 times)
CMCT (2 times)
Cu (2 times)
1985 The monkey vertical vestibuloocular response: a frequency domain study.
82  autoradiography
(16 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
PET (3 times)
PF (2 times)
ABC (1 time)
1980 DNA synthesis and cell cycle progression of synchronized L-cells after irradiation in various phases of the cell cycle.
83  anhydroretinol
(15 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
RP (6 times)
14-HRR (5 times)
5,6-epoxy-RP (2 times)
1978 [Synthesis of retinyl phosphate, its physico-chemical properties and biological activity].
84  apparent retention
(15 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(11 times)
FI (6 times)
SSB (3 times)
AID (2 times)
2004 Response of naked neck (Nana) and normal (nana) broiler chickens to dietary energy levels in a subtropical climate.
85  Asparagus racemosus
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
MAR (2 times)
ARM (1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
1988 Comparative study of immunomodulating activity of Indian medicinal plants, lithium carbonate and glucan.
86  average risk
(15 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
HR (12 times)
APCS (5 times)
MR (5 times)
1993 Risk-directed therapy for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Results of the Associazione Italiana Ematologia Oncologia Pediatrica '82 studies.
87  axillary recurrence
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
SLNB (8 times)
ALND (6 times)
HR (3 times)
1996 Isolated axillary recurrences after conservative treatment of breast cancer.
88  airway remodeling
(14 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
ASM (4 times)
AT (3 times)
AF (2 times)
2009 Atrial Remodeling And Atrial Fibrillation: Mechanistic Interactions And Clinical Implications.
89  arrhythmia
(14 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
HR (2 times)
NOR (2 times)
SCN (2 times)
1981 Effect of prostaglandin synthesis inhibition and sympathectomy on ouabain-induced arrhythmia in cats.
90  accuracy rate
(13 times)
Nervous System Diseases
(3 times)
RT (5 times)
ERP (2 times)
ML (2 times)
2006 Sequential cytokine levels in the diagnosis of appendicitis.
91  acrylic resin
(13 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
HA (2 times)
SR (2 times)
CAD/CAM (1 time)
2004 Randomized controlled clinical trial on satisfaction with resilient denture liners among edentulous patients.
92  auramine-rhodamine
(13 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
ZN (3 times)
AF (2 times)
AO (2 times)
1979 Comparison of auramine-rhodamine B and acridine orange for staining of acid-fast bacteria.
93  actinic reticuloid
(12 times)
Dermatology
(10 times)
CAD (2 times)
CTCL (2 times)
MF (2 times)
1983 Cellular hypersensitivity to UV-A: a clue to the aetiology of actinic reticuloid?
94  acute rejection episodes
(12 times)
Transplantation
(8 times)
DGF (3 times)
CR (2 times)
MMF (2 times)
1982 Circulating immune complexes during various forms of renal allograft rejection episodes.
95  after Ramadan
(12 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
BR (9 times)
COP (2 times)
EEG (2 times)
2002 Sleep during Ramadan intermittent fasting.
96  anticipated regret
(12 times)
Psychology
(7 times)
TPB (4 times)
ITT (2 times)
QC (2 times)
2004 Acting on intentions: the role of anticipated regret.
97  antiresorptive
(12 times)
Metabolism
(5 times)
MRONJ (4 times)
BMD (3 times)
BP (3 times)
2008 Effects of two years of daily teriparatide treatment on BMD in postmenopausal women with severe osteoporosis with and without prior antiresorptive treatment.
98  arcuate nucleus
(12 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
PR (4 times)
IR (3 times)
ME (3 times)
1985 Testosterone 5 alpha-reductase in discrete hypothalamic nuclear areas in the rat: effect of castration.
99  arterial reconstruction
(12 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
AIR (2 times)
CA (2 times)
IR (2 times)
1996 Walking ability and quality of life as outcome measures in a comparison of arterial reconstruction and leg amputation for the treatment of vascular disease.
100  at-risk
(12 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
HD (3 times)
BPD (1 time)
BPRS24-EA (1 time)
1990 Increased false alarms in a subset of persons at-risk for Huntington's disease.