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Abbreviation: AR
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Long forms: 1526

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
androgen receptor
(11522 times)
Neoplasms
(2660 times)
PCa (1037 times)
CRPC (960 times)
ER (712 times)
1979 Interaction of spironolactone with rat skin androgen receptor.
allergic rhinitis
(3671 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1465 times)
OVA (270 times)
IL (177 times)
AD (151 times)
1980 Allergic and nonallergic rhinitis: their characterization with attention to the meaning of nasal eosinophilia.
aortic regurgitation
(1609 times)
Cardiology
(1021 times)
LV (301 times)
AS (208 times)
AVR (151 times)
1976 [Electrocardiographic and radiographic course after aortic valve replacement].
augmented reality
(1254 times)
Medical Informatics
(180 times)
VR (213 times)
MR (49 times)
CT (44 times)
1996 Towards a novel augmented-reality tool to visualize dynamic 3-D anatomy.
acute rejection
(1017 times)
Transplantation
(519 times)
DGF (97 times)
CR (70 times)
ATN (46 times)
1975 Arteriography of renal transplants.
aldose reductase
(807 times)
Biochemistry
(175 times)
SDH (48 times)
STZ (42 times)
ROS (31 times)
1977 Aldose reductase and sorbitol dehydrogenase distribution in rat kidney.
acrosome reaction
(639 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(371 times)
ZP (77 times)
IVF (26 times)
CTC (22 times)
1980 Induction of the acrosome reaction in guinea pig spermatozoa by cGMP analogues.
adrenergic receptor
(572 times)
Biochemistry
(90 times)
NE (67 times)
ISO (24 times)
BAT (21 times)
1987 Regulation of adrenergic receptor function by phosphorylation. II. Effects of agonist occupancy on phosphorylation of alpha 1- and beta 2-adrenergic receptors by protein kinase C and the cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase.
autoregressive
(557 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(185 times)
EEG (63 times)
FFT (46 times)
HRV (34 times)
1974 Modeling and forecasting populations by time series: The Swedish case.
10  autosomal recessive
(497 times)
Genetics, Medical
(119 times)
AD (188 times)
RP (33 times)
XL (32 times)
1980 [Medico-genetic study of the population of Turkmenistan. I. Hereditary diseases in 5 districts of the Ashkabad region].
11  adenosine receptor
(403 times)
Chemistry
(105 times)
NECA (14 times)
GPCRs (12 times)
WT (11 times)
1991 Methylxanthine treatment of smooth muscle cells differentially modulates adenylate cyclase responsiveness.
12  antibiotic resistance
(287 times)
Environmental Health
(70 times)
ARGs (28 times)
MDR (15 times)
ARB (14 times)
1993 Studies on the ecology of aquatic bacteria of the lower Niger Delta: multiple antibiotic resistance among the standard plate count organisms.
13  androgen
(269 times)
Endocrinology
(39 times)
ER (147 times)
PR (102 times)
GR (68 times)
1983 Serum hormone and steroid hormone receptor levels during luteal-phase and long-term treatment with danazol.
14  aspect ratio
(235 times)
Nanotechnology
(31 times)
SR (21 times)
IAs (10 times)
IA (9 times)
1998 Structure of the Aggregates During the Process of Aggregation and Breakup Under a Shear Flow.
15  anterior resection
(227 times)
General Surgery
(112 times)
NAR (53 times)
HCC (52 times)
APR (41 times)
1978 Abdominosacral resection for carcinoma of the midrectum: ten years experience.
16  amphiregulin
(224 times)
Neoplasms
(68 times)
EGF (88 times)
TGF-alpha (66 times)
EGFR (63 times)
1988 Amphiregulin: a bifunctional growth-modulating glycoprotein produced by the phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-treated human breast adenocarcinoma cell line MCF-7.
17  antireflection
(215 times)
Ophthalmology
(106 times)
HR (7 times)
LbL (6 times)
LIDT (5 times)
1979 Antireflective coatings applied from metal-organic derived liquid precursors.
18  acoustic rhinometry
(155 times)
Otolaryngology
(97 times)
MCA (33 times)
VAS (20 times)
PNIF (18 times)
1993 [Acoustic rhinometry: measuring the early and late phase of allergic immediate reaction in allergic rhinitis].
19  axial rotation
(138 times)
Orthopedics
(58 times)
LB (119 times)
FE (102 times)
ROM (70 times)
1997 In vitro testing of a new transpedicular stabilization technique.
20  androgen receptor gene
(134 times)
Neoplasms
(22 times)
AIS (12 times)
CAIS (11 times)
SBMA (7 times)
1991 Molecular genetic analysis of the Ta25H deletion: evidence for additional deleted loci.
21  attributable risk
(124 times)
Epidemiology
(18 times)
RR (37 times)
CI (23 times)
OR (20 times)
1982 [Lung cancer and cigarette smoking in women. (Results of a case control study)].
22  attack rate
(119 times)
Communicable Diseases
(32 times)
CI (22 times)
CFR (11 times)
RR (11 times)
1989 Shigellosis outbreaks at summer camps for the mentally retarded in New York State.
23  adventitious root
(117 times)
Botany
(58 times)
IAA (12 times)
IBA (9 times)
LR (9 times)
2004 Adventitious root formation in Arabidopsis thaliana thin cell layers.
24  anthelmintic resistance
(108 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(61 times)
FECRT (34 times)
GIN (23 times)
FEC (21 times)
1995 [Anthelmintics resistance in gastrointestinal nematodes in domestic animals].
25  Astragali Radix
(107 times)
Pharmacology
(40 times)
ASR (22 times)
DBT (17 times)
TCM (15 times)
1996 Protective effect of astragali radix by oral administration against Japanese encephalitis virus infection in mice.
26  antimicrobial resistance
(98 times)
Microbiology
(24 times)
MDR (9 times)
ARGs (7 times)
WGS (5 times)
2000 Antibiotic resistance monitoring: a laboratory perspective.
27  adaptive response
(92 times)
Genetics
(33 times)
MN (12 times)
BE (7 times)
CD (6 times)
1991 Adaptive response in irradiated human lymphocytes: radiobiological and genetical aspects.
28  airway responsiveness
(86 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(43 times)
AHR (11 times)
MCh (7 times)
BALF (6 times)
1984 The relationship between airways responsiveness and chronic airflow limitation.
29  allograft rejection
(80 times)
Transplantation
(42 times)
RT-PCR (7 times)
ESRD (5 times)
SNPs (4 times)
1982 Bilateral versus unilateral penetrating graft in keratoconus.
30  abortion rate
(72 times)
Toxicology
(8 times)
IR (7 times)
MC (5 times)
CPR (4 times)
1981 [Pharmacokinetic characteristics of 14C-peritol based on data on its distribution in rat tissue].
31  antigen retrieval
(72 times)
Histocytochemistry
(40 times)
IHC (18 times)
FFPE (6 times)
ICC (4 times)
1994 Expression of EBV encoded latent membrane protein 1 (LMP-1) and bcl-2 protein in childhood and adult Hodgkin's disease: application of microwave irradiation for antigen retrieval.
32  artificially reared
(70 times)
Pediatrics
(18 times)
MR (31 times)
PND (8 times)
MF (4 times)
1983 Small intestine of artificially reared rat pups: weight gain and changes in alkaline phosphatase, lactase and sucrase activities during development.
33  aspirin resistance
(69 times)
Vascular Diseases
(15 times)
AS (17 times)
AA (12 times)
ADP (9 times)
2005 Dipyridamole decreases protease-activated receptor and annexin-v binding on platelets of post stroke patients with aspirin nonresponsiveness.
34  adiposity rebound
(68 times)
Pediatrics
(22 times)
BMI (31 times)
AP (7 times)
CI (6 times)
1998 Early adiposity rebound and the risk of adult obesity.
35  absolute risk
(65 times)
Medicine
(18 times)
RR (19 times)
CI (10 times)
CVD (5 times)
1987 Radiation carcinogenesis in humans: is it necessary to revise exposure dose limits based on recent estimates of lifetime risks?
36  area at risk
(65 times)
Cardiology
(40 times)
IS (25 times)
AN (11 times)
IA (7 times)
1981 Demonstration of lateral and epicardial border zone salvage by flurbiprofen using an in vivo method for assessing myocardium at risk.
37  atrophic rhinitis
(61 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(37 times)
Bb (5 times)
PM (4 times)
ADG (3 times)
1977 Treatment with oxytetracycline hydrochloride in the prevention of atrophic rhinitis in baby pigs.
38  Alkylresorcinols
(59 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(44 times)
WG (12 times)
DHPPA (8 times)
DHBA (6 times)
2003 Alkylresorcinols in cereals and cereal products.
39  adverse reactions
(56 times)
Hematology
(9 times)
CI (3 times)
HR (3 times)
RR (3 times)
1979 Furosemide-induced adverse reactions in cirrhosis of the liver.
40  active recovery
(52 times)
Sports Medicine
(23 times)
PR (26 times)
HR (8 times)
CWI (6 times)
1983 Prior exhaustive exercise and subsequent, maximal constant load exercise performance.
41  acid resistance
(50 times)
Microbiology
(22 times)
STEC (5 times)
ATR (4 times)
NAR (3 times)
1995 Comparative analysis of extreme acid survival in Salmonella typhimurium, Shigella flexneri, and Escherichia coli.
42  active renin
(47 times)
Vascular Diseases
(7 times)
IR (13 times)
PRA (8 times)
TR (6 times)
1980 Inactive renin and prostaglandin E2 production in hyporeninemic hypoaldosteronism.
43  acquired resistance
(45 times)
Neoplasms
(21 times)
EGFR (14 times)
NSCLC (13 times)
TKIs (12 times)
2003 Acquired resistance functions in mlo barley, which is hypersusceptible to Magnaporthe grisea.
44  action research
(43 times)
Nursing
(11 times)
IRRID (2 times)
myFAMI (2 times)
PAR (2 times)
2002 Studying health care "quality" qualitatively: the dilemmas and tensions between different forms of evaluation research within the U.K. National Health Service.
45  applied relaxation
(42 times)
Therapeutics
(19 times)
GAD (16 times)
CBT (9 times)
CT (7 times)
1993 Applied relaxation training in the treatment of genital herpes.
46  alizarin red
(39 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
ALP (15 times)
BMP-2 (3 times)
SEM (3 times)
1998 Effects of polyelectrolyte complex (PEC) on human periodontal ligament fibroblast (HPLF) function. I. Three-dimensional structure of HPLF cultured on PEC.
47  apoptotic rate
(39 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
AMI (5 times)
AI (4 times)
TUNEL (4 times)
1996 Apoptosis in glial tumors as determined by in situ nonradioactive labeling of DNA breaks.
48  acoustic reflex
(38 times)
Audiology
(19 times)
ABR (5 times)
DPOAE (3 times)
HL (3 times)
1976 Acoustic reflex latency as a function of frequency and intensity of eliciting stimulus.
49  ankyrin repeat
(37 times)
Biochemistry
(17 times)
AnkA (2 times)
FIH (2 times)
MBP (2 times)
2003 Designed to be stable: crystal structure of a consensus ankyrin repeat protein.
50  asymmetry ratio
(37 times)
Neurology
(15 times)
oVEMP (8 times)
VEMP (6 times)
cVEMP (5 times)
1992 Asymmetric metabolism of hypothalamic catecholamines alternates with side of ovulation in a lizard (Anolis carolinensis).
51  aortic root
(36 times)
Cardiology
(14 times)
AA (9 times)
AV (6 times)
LVH (4 times)
1976 Echocardiographic criteria of normal left atrial size in adults.
52  Amplex Red
(34 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
HRP (5 times)
SC (5 times)
ATP (2 times)
2000 Fluorescent coupled enzyme assays for D-alanine: application to penicillin-binding protein and vancomycin activity assays.
53  allelic richness
(32 times)
Genetics
(6 times)
He (7 times)
Ho (3 times)
VA (2 times)
2003 Effects of native forest regeneration practices on genetic diversity in Eucalyptus consideniana.
54  allergic rhinoconjunctivitis
(32 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(22 times)
AD (5 times)
AIT (4 times)
AA (3 times)
2000 Atopic diseases among adults in the two geographically related arctic areas Nikel, Russia and Sor-Varanger, Norway: possible effects of indoor and outdoor air pollution.
55  autoregressive model
(31 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(15 times)
ARMA (5 times)
HRV (5 times)
FFT (4 times)
1992 Detection and evolution of rhythmic components in ictal EEG using short segment spectra and discriminant analysis.
56  aromatase
(30 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
AG (7 times)
ER (5 times)
CSCC (3 times)
1987 Effect of the antiprogestin RU486 on human ovarian steroidogenesis.
57  area ratio
(29 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
SWV (4 times)
ARFI (3 times)
ROC (3 times)
1990 Effect of age on the in vitro reflection coefficient of the aortoiliac bifurcation in humans.
58  accommodative response
(28 times)
Ophthalmology
(18 times)
AS (4 times)
AA (2 times)
TA (2 times)
1986 A quasi-static study of accommodation in amblyopia.
59  autoregulation
(28 times)
Neurosurgery
(7 times)
CPP (7 times)
ICP (7 times)
CBF (5 times)
1991 [Effect of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor and calcium channel blocker on renal function of spontaneously hypertensive rat].
60  activity ratio
(27 times)
Environmental Health
(18 times)
AP (1 time)
ASMC (1 time)
CCCs (1 time)
1992 Inhibition of pig aortic smooth muscle cell DNA synthesis by selective type III and type IV cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase inhibitors.
61  acute cellular rejection
(27 times)
Transplantation
(13 times)
NR (4 times)
CR (2 times)
CVE (2 times)
1991 Does histologic acute rejection in lung allografts predict the development of bronchiolitis obliterans?
62  average reference
(26 times)
Neurosciences
(8 times)
REST (15 times)
EEG (10 times)
LM (10 times)
1994 Focal abnormalities of P3 ERPs unveiled in patients with cortical lesions and primary progressive aphasia by average reference recordings.
63  allelic ratio
(24 times)
Hematology
(9 times)
AML (15 times)
OS (6 times)
FLT3-ITD (5 times)
2001 Determination of loss of heterozygosity in frozen and paraffin embedded tumors by denaturating high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC).
64  anticoagulant rodenticides
(23 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
SGAR (2 times)
BR (1 time)
COD (1 time)
2011 Does small mammal prey guild affect the exposure of predators to anticoagulant rodenticides?
65  access recirculation
(22 times)
Nephrology
(10 times)
AVF (4 times)
CPR (4 times)
EID (3 times)
1995 Estimating equilibrated Kt/V from an intradialytic sample: effects of access and cardiopulmonary recirculations.
66  acid rain
(22 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
ROS (3 times)
SAR (3 times)
Ca (2 times)
2006 Responses of antioxidant enzyme and photosynthesis in rape seedling to the combined stresses of acid rain and ultraviolet-B radiation.
67  allergic
(22 times)
Otolaryngology
(6 times)
NAR (18 times)
IR (2 times)
NP (2 times)
1995 The study of pollen and Der p mite-specific IgE antibodies in children with allergic rhinitis.
68  anaphylactoid reactions
(22 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
RCM (3 times)
ACE (2 times)
BK (2 times)
1978 Radiographic contrast media studies in high-risk patients.
69  area
(22 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
Dm (3 times)
ACL (2 times)
FV (2 times)
1990 [An experimental study of the orthodontic force effect on internal remodeling of mandibular bone].
70  activity restriction
(20 times)
Geriatrics
(3 times)
PTB (3 times)
CBV (2 times)
CI (2 times)
2004 Validity of reported energy expenditure and reported intake of energy, protein, sodium and potassium in rheumatoid arthritis patients in a dietary intervention study.
71  Alismatis rhizoma
(20 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
HFD (4 times)
TCM (2 times)
AC23A (1 time)
2011 Hypolipidemic effects of Alismatis rhizome on lipid profile in mice fed high-fat diet.
72  axial ratio
(20 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(9 times)
CP (4 times)
LHCP (3 times)
RHCP (3 times)
2016 A Wideband Circularly Polarized Antenna with a Multiple-Circular-Sector Dielectric Resonator.
73  adequate relief
(19 times)
Gastroenterology
(8 times)
IBS (13 times)
IBS-QOL (6 times)
IBS-SSS (6 times)
2009 Adequate relief in a treatment trial with IBS patients: a prospective assessment.
74  akinetic-rigid
(19 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
PD (18 times)
TD (14 times)
PIGD (5 times)
2004 Hand rhythmic tapping and timing in Parkinson's disease.
75  Allura Red
(19 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(6 times)
LOD (3 times)
SY (3 times)
AM (2 times)
2005 Loading and release of charged dyes using ultrathin hydrogels.
76  amplitude ratio
(19 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
CCT (3 times)
CMCT (2 times)
Cu (2 times)
1985 The monkey vertical vestibuloocular response: a frequency domain study.
77  aortic
(19 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
MR (18 times)
TR (7 times)
LV (5 times)
1983 Quantitation of aortic and mitral regurgitation in the pediatric population: evaluation by radionuclide angiocardiography.
78  assisted reproduction
(19 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(8 times)
ECCP (2 times)
ICSI (2 times)
CHB (1 time)
1993 Establishment of an assisted reproduction program in the Armed Forces.
79  average requirement
(19 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(12 times)
UL (7 times)
AI (4 times)
EFSA (3 times)
2002 The North/South Ireland Food Consumption Survey: vitamin intakes in 18-64-year-old adults.
80  airway remodeling
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
ASM (5 times)
AF (4 times)
AT (3 times)
2009 Atrial Remodeling And Atrial Fibrillation: Mechanistic Interactions And Clinical Implications.
81  ambiguity resolution
(18 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(17 times)
GNSS (6 times)
BDS (4 times)
PPP (4 times)
2015 Performance analysis on carrier phase-based tightly-coupled GPS/BDS/INS integration in GNSS degraded and denied environments.
82  apparent retention
(18 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(14 times)
FI (6 times)
BW (3 times)
MES (3 times)
2004 Response of naked neck (Nana) and normal (nana) broiler chickens to dietary energy levels in a subtropical climate.
83  Arkansas
(18 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
GA (4 times)
LA (3 times)
AZ (2 times)
1995 Sputum cytology within and across laboratories. A reliability study.
84  arthritis
(18 times)
Rheumatology
(5 times)
CR (3 times)
RF (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1968 [Laboratory results in rheumatoid arthritis (A.R.)].
85  average risk
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
HR (13 times)
APCS (5 times)
MR (5 times)
1993 Risk-directed therapy for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Results of the Associazione Italiana Ematologia Oncologia Pediatrica '82 studies.
86  accuracy rate
(17 times)
Nervous System Diseases
(3 times)
RT (7 times)
ERP (3 times)
AUC (2 times)
2006 Sequential cytokine levels in the diagnosis of appendicitis.
87  airway reactivity
(17 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(7 times)
AHR (3 times)
MCh (3 times)
OVA (3 times)
1986 Effect of age on lung mechanics and airway reactivity in lambs.
88  antiresorptive
(17 times)
Metabolism
(7 times)
MRONJ (6 times)
BMD (3 times)
BP (3 times)
2008 Effects of two years of daily teriparatide treatment on BMD in postmenopausal women with severe osteoporosis with and without prior antiresorptive treatment.
89  acrylic resin
(16 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
HA (2 times)
SR (2 times)
3DP (1 time)
2004 Randomized controlled clinical trial on satisfaction with resilient denture liners among edentulous patients.
90  autoradiography
(16 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
PET (3 times)
PF (2 times)
ABC (1 time)
1980 DNA synthesis and cell cycle progression of synchronized L-cells after irradiation in various phases of the cell cycle.
91  acetabular retroversion
(15 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
COS (7 times)
FAI (6 times)
PAO (4 times)
2009 Acetabular retroversion in military recruits with femoral neck stress fractures.
92  anhydroretinol
(15 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
RP (6 times)
14-HRR (4 times)
5,6-epoxy-RP (2 times)
1978 [Synthesis of retinyl phosphate, its physico-chemical properties and biological activity].
93  Asparagus racemosus
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
MAR (2 times)
ARM (1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
1988 Comparative study of immunomodulating activity of Indian medicinal plants, lithium carbonate and glucan.
94  autorefraction
(15 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
SR (7 times)
VA (4 times)
LOA (2 times)
2002 Comparison of a ray-tracing refractometer, autorefractor, and computerized videokeratography in measuring pseudophakic eyes.
95  autoresonance
(15 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
FP (3 times)
SMF (3 times)
ARHCFs (1 time)
1993 Total respiratory input impedance with the upper airway wall shunt minimized.
96  axillary recurrence
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
SLNB (8 times)
ALND (6 times)
HR (3 times)
1996 Isolated axillary recurrences after conservative treatment of breast cancer.
97  after Ramadan
(14 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
BR (11 times)
COP (2 times)
DR (2 times)
2002 Sleep during Ramadan intermittent fasting.
98  anticipated regret
(14 times)
Psychology
(7 times)
TPB (5 times)
ITT (2 times)
QC (2 times)
2004 Acting on intentions: the role of anticipated regret.
99  at-risk
(14 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
HD (3 times)
AD (1 time)
ATIH (1 time)
1990 Increased false alarms in a subset of persons at-risk for Huntington's disease.
100  actinic reticuloid
(13 times)
Dermatology
(11 times)
MF (3 times)
CAD (2 times)
CTCL (2 times)
1983 Cellular hypersensitivity to UV-A: a clue to the aetiology of actinic reticuloid?