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Abbreviation: AS
Appearance Frequency: 22098 time(s)
Long forms: 1919

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
ankylosing spondylitis
(5766 times)
Rheumatology
(2931 times)
RA (817 times)
BASDAI (576 times)
PsA (416 times)
1974 Enhancement of human lymphocyte transformation by aggregated human gamma globulin.
aortic stenosis
(4330 times)
Cardiology
(1962 times)
AVR (517 times)
LV (474 times)
TAVI (473 times)
1975 Prolonged left ventricular ejection time in the post-premature beat. A sensitive sign of idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis.
alternative splicing
(1124 times)
Molecular Biology
(222 times)
SFs (42 times)
DEGs (37 times)
NMD (35 times)
1999 Reduced stability of regularly spliced but not alternatively spliced p53 protein in PARP-deficient mouse fibroblasts.
active surveillance
(957 times)
Urology
(479 times)
PCa (291 times)
RP (159 times)
PSA (157 times)
2001 Human West Nile virus surveillance--Connecticut, New Jersey, and New York, 2000.
Angelman syndrome
(711 times)
Genetics, Medical
(230 times)
PWS (173 times)
UPD (55 times)
FISH (35 times)
1989 Angelman and Prader-Willi syndromes share a common chromosome 15 deletion but differ in parental origin of the deletion.
anxiety sensitivity
(493 times)
Psychiatry
(177 times)
ASI (40 times)
PTSD (40 times)
PD (24 times)
1995 Anxiety sensitivity: theoretical perspectives and recent findings.
aortic valve stenosis
(418 times)
Cardiology
(247 times)
TAVI (62 times)
LV (56 times)
AVR (50 times)
1982 Electrocardiographic observations in severe aortic valve stenosis: correlative necropsy study to clinical, hemodynamic,, and ECG variables demonstrating relation of 12-lead QRS amplitude to peak systolic transaortic pressure gradient.
Asperger syndrome
(418 times)
Psychiatry
(235 times)
HFA (77 times)
ASD (44 times)
ADHD (17 times)
1986 Asperger's syndrome and Tourette syndrome: the case of the pinball wizard.
antisense
(343 times)
Neoplasms
(59 times)
ODN (49 times)
ODNs (23 times)
RNAi (9 times)
1988 Intracellular detection of sense and antisense enteroviral RNA by in situ hybridization.
10  activated sludge
(312 times)
Environmental Health
(217 times)
WWTPs (45 times)
EPS (26 times)
COD (24 times)
2001 External nitrification in biological nutrient removal activated sludge systems.
11  Alport syndrome
(306 times)
Nephrology
(103 times)
GBM (40 times)
ESRD (24 times)
FGFR2 (18 times)
1980 [Urinary excretion of acid glycosaminoglycans and glomerular basement membrane antigens in patients with Alport's Syndrome (author's transl)].
12  angiosarcoma
(176 times)
Neoplasms
(53 times)
OS (12 times)
RT (10 times)
AVL (9 times)
1987 Orbital angiosarcoma with subconjunctival presentation. Report of a case and literature review.
13  artesunate
(168 times)
Tropical Medicine
(60 times)
SP (37 times)
DHA (35 times)
AQ (29 times)
1991 [Pharmacokinetics and metabolism of artesunate in cows].
14  active sleep
(167 times)
Pediatrics
(55 times)
QS (127 times)
SIDS (16 times)
HR (13 times)
1976 Sleep and brain malformation in the neonatal period.
15  ammonium sulfate
(167 times)
Environmental Health
(48 times)
RH (14 times)
AN (10 times)
DRH (7 times)
1975 The specific blocking of humoral immune cytolysis mediated by anti-tumor antibodies degraded by lysosomal enzymes of tumor origin.
16  alpha-synuclein
(152 times)
Neurology
(48 times)
PD (57 times)
DLB (11 times)
AD (10 times)
2000 Lewy bodies in Alzheimer's disease: a neuropathological review of 145 cases using alpha-synuclein immunohistochemistry.
17  artificial saliva
(124 times)
Dentistry
(72 times)
SEM (18 times)
DW (13 times)
ANOVA (6 times)
1998 Artificial salivas for in vitro studies of dental materials.
18  asparagine synthetase
(97 times)
Botany
(24 times)
GS (13 times)
ALL (9 times)
GDH (8 times)
1980 Enzymes of nitrogen assimilation in maize roots.
19  autologous serum
(86 times)
Ophthalmology
(27 times)
FBS (18 times)
FCS (12 times)
MSCs (5 times)
1980 Sequential immunological studies in an asbestos-exposed population. II. Factors affecting lymphocyte function.
20  argininosuccinate synthetase
(78 times)
Biochemistry
(29 times)
NO (24 times)
AL (22 times)
iNOS (15 times)
1975 Effect of age on activities of urea cycle enzymes in the bovine.
21  antisaccade
(67 times)
Neurology
(27 times)
PS (10 times)
RS (7 times)
SPEM (7 times)
1997 Disturbed striatoprefrontal mediated visual behaviour in moderate to severe parkinsonian patients.
22  acetosyringone
(62 times)
Microbiology
(15 times)
ATMT (10 times)
T-DNA (8 times)
vir (7 times)
1987 Acetosyringone promotes high efficiency transformation of Arabidopsis thaliana explants by Agrobacterium tumefaciens.
23  antisense oligonucleotide
(61 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
GCI (3 times)
JNK (3 times)
CRC (2 times)
1992 Dialysis of lactotropes with antisense oligonucleotides assigns guanine nucleotide binding protein subtypes to their channel effectors.
24  anterior segment
(59 times)
Ophthalmology
(35 times)
OCT (20 times)
ACD (11 times)
ACA (9 times)
1997 Effects of time of storage, albumin, and osmolality changes on outflow facility (C) of bovine anterior segment in vitro.
25  Apathy Scale
(56 times)
Neurology
(33 times)
PD (34 times)
UPDRS (10 times)
BDI-II (9 times)
2003 [Apathy syndrome: a clinical entity?].
26  antimicrobial stewardship
(55 times)
Communicable Diseases
(17 times)
ID (5 times)
AMR (4 times)
AR (3 times)
2011 Use of procalcitonin (PCT) to guide discontinuation of antibiotic use in an unspecified sepsis is an antimicrobial stewardship program (ASP).
27  Agatston score
(54 times)
Radiology
(15 times)
CAC (23 times)
CT (12 times)
MDCT (9 times)
2002 Reproducibility of three different scoring systems for measurement of coronary calcium.
28  anabolic steroids
(53 times)
Sports Medicine
(8 times)
LV (4 times)
HDL-C (3 times)
AAS (2 times)
1987 Lack of effect of anabolic steroids on specific mRNAs of skeletal muscle undergoing compensatory hypertrophy.
29  asymptomatic
(53 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
DU (7 times)
PU (6 times)
IL (5 times)
1992 Definition of an immunodominant T cell epitope contained in the envelope gp41 sequence of HIV-1.
30  anastomotic strictures
(51 times)
Gastroenterology
(12 times)
EA (14 times)
LT (13 times)
ERCP (9 times)
2006 Factors predisposing to the development of anastomotic strictures in a single-surgeon series of radical retropubic prostatectomies.
31  angioid streaks
(50 times)
Ophthalmology
(36 times)
CNV (32 times)
BCVA (13 times)
PXE (13 times)
1989 [Clinical forms and differential diagnosis of angioid streaks of the retina].
32  arylsulfatase
(50 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
LDH (9 times)
AES (8 times)
AP (7 times)
1976 Lysosomal acid hydrolase activities in the lungs of fetal, neonatal, adult, and senile mice.
33  allele-specific
(48 times)
Genetics
(7 times)
PCR (8 times)
PCR-RFLP (3 times)
ChIP (2 times)
1998 Association of the NAT1*10 genotype with increased chromosome aberrations and higher lung cancer risk in cigarette smokers.
34  Angelica sinensis
(48 times)
Complementary Therapies
(13 times)
AM (5 times)
ASP (5 times)
CREB (3 times)
1995 [Protective effects of Angelica sinensis injection on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in rabbits].
35  anthranilate synthase
(48 times)
Botany
(11 times)
Trp (11 times)
ADCS (6 times)
IS (4 times)
1969 "Self-feeding" strain of Salmonella typhimurium with a mutation in the trpB gene and nutritional requirements of trpA gene mutants.
36  Alstrom syndrome
(46 times)
Genetics, Medical
(13 times)
ALMS1 (6 times)
BMI (3 times)
BBS (2 times)
1997 Genealogy, natural history, and phenotype of Alstrom syndrome in a large Acadian kindred and three additional families.
37  Angeli's salt
(45 times)
Biochemistry
(21 times)
NO (16 times)
DEA/NO (4 times)
GTN (4 times)
1995 Oxidative release of nitric oxide accounts for guanylyl cyclase stimulating, vasodilator and anti-platelet activity of Piloty's acid: a comparison with Angeli's salt.
38  aerobic scope
(41 times)
Biology
(13 times)
SMR (17 times)
MMR (15 times)
CTmax (6 times)
1989 [Longitudinal evaluation of aerobic capacity determined by torque auto-controlled system with the feedback of photoelectric pulse].
39  asthma
(41 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(11 times)
AR (19 times)
AD (7 times)
HDM (5 times)
1997 Eosinophils, mast cells, and basophils in induced sputum from patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis and perennial asthma: relationship to methacholine responsiveness.
40  absence seizures
(37 times)
Neurology
(24 times)
GTCS (9 times)
EEG (8 times)
CAE (4 times)
1984 Some clinical and EEG aspects of benign juvenile myoclonic epilepsy.
41  Asiaticoside
(36 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
AA (6 times)
ELISA (4 times)
IL (4 times)
1999 Protective effects of asiaticoside derivatives against beta-amyloid neurotoxicity.
42  androgen suppression
(33 times)
Neoplasms
(18 times)
RT (11 times)
PSA (8 times)
HR (7 times)
2000 Maximum androgen blockade in advanced prostate cancer: an overview of the randomised trials. Prostate Cancer Trialists' Collaborative Group.
43  additive solution
(32 times)
Hematology
(28 times)
PLT (6 times)
RBC (6 times)
PCs (5 times)
1987 Liquid storage at 4 degrees C of previously frozen red cells.
44  aqueductal stenosis
(32 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
ETV (12 times)
NPH (4 times)
CSF (3 times)
1983 Brief clinical report: aqueductal stenosis leading to hydrocephalus--an unusual manifestation of neurofibromatosis.
45  acute stress
(31 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
CS (6 times)
CUS (4 times)
HPA (4 times)
1998 Decreased endothelium-dependent vasoconstriction to noradrenaline in acute-stressed rats is potentiated by previous chronic stress: nitric oxide involvement.
46  artificial sweeteners
(31 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
ADI (2 times)
GI (2 times)
ICM (2 times)
1979 Use of artificial sweeteners by cancer patients.
47  aggregation substance
(30 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(13 times)
esp (3 times)
EBS (2 times)
Ace (1 time)
1991 Role of the pheromone-inducible surface protein Asc10 in mating aggregate formation and conjugal transfer of the Enterococcus faecalis plasmid pCF10.
48  aldosterone synthase
(29 times)
Endocrinology
(12 times)
11 beta-OHase (4 times)
Ang II (2 times)
CS (2 times)
1991 Different isozymes of mouse 11 beta-hydroxylase produce mineralocorticoids and glucocorticoids.
49  Ashworth Scale
(29 times)
Rehabilitation
(11 times)
SCI (4 times)
CP (3 times)
MAS (3 times)
1994 A comparison of clonidine, cyproheptadine and baclofen in spastic spinal cord injured patients.
50  audiogenic seizures
(29 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(13 times)
IC (8 times)
KM (5 times)
SN (4 times)
1985 Modulation of alpha 1-and alpha 2-adrenoceptor binding sites in the brain of audiogenic seizure susceptible mice (DBA/2J).
51  added sugar
(28 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(20 times)
SSB (5 times)
FS (3 times)
TS (3 times)
2006 Diet quality, added sugar, and dietary fiber intakes in American preschoolers.
52  anaphylactic shock
(28 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
MAP (5 times)
EPI (4 times)
AMI (2 times)
1976 Platelets in rat anaphylaxis.
53  activity score
(27 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
CNV (2 times)
CPIC (2 times)
CYP2D6 (2 times)
1990 [The criteria for indication of plasma exchange on lupus nephritis].
54  autism spectrum
(26 times)
Psychiatry
(10 times)
CI (2 times)
IS (2 times)
NT (2 times)
1999 Solar urticaria: A consideration of the mechanism of inhibition spectra.
55  alfalfa silage
(25 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(24 times)
CS (14 times)
DM (9 times)
NDF (5 times)
1991 Roughage sources in beef cattle finishing diets.
56  antisynthetase syndrome
(25 times)
Rheumatology
(10 times)
ILD (10 times)
DM (9 times)
IMNM (7 times)
2002 [The antisynthetase syndrome: a subgroup of inflammatory myopathies not to be unrecognized].
57  area strain
(25 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(13 times)
LV (10 times)
CS (8 times)
LS (8 times)
2010 Real-time three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography: a novel technique to quantify global left ventricular mechanical dyssynchrony.
58  anteroseptal
(24 times)
Cardiology
(17 times)
PS (9 times)
AP (5 times)
RL (5 times)
1977 [Hemodynamic profile of acute myocardial infarction as a function of electrocardiographic localization].
59  antiserum
(24 times)
Endocrinology
(9 times)
PRL (4 times)
GRF (2 times)
LH (2 times)
1976 Delayed effects of in vivo LHRH immunoneutralization on gonadotropins and prolactin secretion in the female rat.
60  acetylstrophanthidin
(23 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
DAD (3 times)
OAP (3 times)
VT (3 times)
1968 Effect of acute hypoxia and hypercapnic acidosis on the development of acetylstrophanthidin-induced arrhythmias.
61  Alvarado score
(23 times)
General Surgery
(12 times)
AA (12 times)
CRP (5 times)
NPV (4 times)
2008 Family history of acute appendicitis.
62  accessory spleen
(22 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
CT (4 times)
ITP (4 times)
LS (4 times)
1984 Morphology of pancreatic tissue-containing accessory spleen in an APA hamster.
63  androgen-sensitive
(22 times)
Urology
(6 times)
AI (16 times)
PCa (8 times)
AR (7 times)
2004 PMP24, a gene identified by MSRF, undergoes DNA hypermethylation-associated gene silencing during cancer progression in an LNCaP model.
64  aortic stiffness
(22 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(5 times)
PWV (8 times)
AIx (4 times)
cfPWV (3 times)
1986 Aortic stiffness in insulin-dependent diabetics: an echocardiographic study.
65  ascites syndrome
(22 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(15 times)
AIC (5 times)
AS-R (3 times)
AS-S (3 times)
1998 Metabolic disturbances in male broilers of different strains. 1. Performance, mortality, and right ventricular hypertrophy.
66  astrocytes
(22 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
OL (9 times)
GFAP (8 times)
CNS (3 times)
1988 Establishment, characterization, and evolution of cultures enriched in type-2 astrocytes.
67  anterior scalene
(21 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
SCM (14 times)
MVC (6 times)
EMG (5 times)
1997 Scalene muscles and the brachial plexus: anatomical variations and their clinical significance.
68  active site
(20 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
TC (3 times)
BPV (2 times)
SBP (2 times)
1969 Isometric muscle contraction and the active state: an analog computer study.
69  Alagille syndrome
(20 times)
Pediatrics
(10 times)
PE (2 times)
PFIC (2 times)
BA (1 time)
1995 [Arteriohepatic dysplasia (Alagille syndrome)].
70  anionic surfactants
(20 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
SDBS (8 times)
SDS (8 times)
RRS (4 times)
1998 [Quality of agricultural crops from lands irrigated with purified sewage].
71  atropine sulfate
(20 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
OP (5 times)
AChE (3 times)
AMN (3 times)
1967 The action of tubocurarine and atropine on the normal and denervated rat diaphragm.
72  actual survival
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
CPS (7 times)
DFS (3 times)
CES (2 times)
1991 Definitive radiation therapy in the treatment of carcinoma of the uterine cervix. Treatment results and prognostic factors.
73  acute stroke
(19 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
AF (3 times)
ED (3 times)
MCAO (2 times)
1995 Oxygen desaturation on swallowing as a potential marker of aspiration in acute stroke.
74  anterosuperior
(19 times)
Orthopedics
(8 times)
PS (10 times)
AI (7 times)
PI (7 times)
2002 [Precise positioning for reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament].
75  ascorbic acid
(19 times)
Biology
(3 times)
hGMSCs (2 times)
NBS (2 times)
AQ (1 time)
1967 [Further Investigations on the phytochrome-mediated accumulation of ascorbic acid in the mustard seedling (Sinapis alba L.)].
76  aortic strain
(18 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
AD (14 times)
ASI (6 times)
APV (3 times)
2007 C-reactive protein and aortic stiffness in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy.
77  Apgar score
(18 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
BW (3 times)
CS (2 times)
EA (2 times)
1986 Apgar scores and asphyxia. Results of a study and proposal for a clinical grading system.
78  assisted suicide
(18 times)
Health Services
(4 times)
VE (3 times)
ALS (1 time)
ALSFRS-R (1 time)
1997 Assisted suicide for the terminally ill: why we must have a choice.
79  ambulatory surgery
(17 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
LOS (2 times)
PONV (2 times)
VAS (2 times)
1996 [Ambulatory surgery: current status and prospects].
80  angiostatin
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
VEGF (5 times)
ES (4 times)
BAE (2 times)
2002 Angiostatin potentiates cyclophosphamide treatment of metastatic disease.
81  artificial soil
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
ASS (1 time)
CEC (1 time)
CMDLD (1 time)
2007 In vitro phototoxicity test using artificial skin with melanocytes.
82  Astragaloside
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
APS (2 times)
BDL (2 times)
CS (2 times)
2002 [Effects of Astragaloside in treating myocardial injury and myocardial Sarco/Endoplasmic Ca(2+)-ATPase of viral myocarditis mice].
83  atrial septum
(17 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
LA (6 times)
AF (5 times)
RA (5 times)
1995 Atrial septal motion in effusive--constrictive pericarditis: transesophageal echocardiographic study and hemodynamic correlation.
84  Acanthopanax senticosus
(16 times)
Complementary Therapies
(5 times)
ASPS (2 times)
LDH (2 times)
PFC (2 times)
2003 [Effect of Acanthopanax senticosus injection on plasma and urinary endothelin in early stage of diabetic nephropathy].
85  amidase signature
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
FAAH (5 times)
Pam (2 times)
2-CA (1 time)
2001 Characterization and manipulation of the acyl chain selectivity of fatty acid amide hydrolase.
86  antibiotic stewardship
(16 times)
Communicable Diseases
(6 times)
CI (3 times)
DOT (3 times)
ASPs (2 times)
2012 Addressing healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial resistance from an organizational perspective: progress and challenges.
87  asymptomatic smokers
(16 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(8 times)
CB (7 times)
COPD (5 times)
IL (4 times)
1993 Airway inflammation in smokers with nonobstructive and obstructive chronic bronchitis.
88  aspirin-sensitive
(15 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
AR (8 times)
AT (7 times)
CRS (3 times)
2001 An open audit of montelukast, a leukotriene receptor antagonist, in nasal polyposis associated with asthma.
89  acupuncture stimulation
(14 times)
Complementary Therapies
(5 times)
LDF (3 times)
MBF (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1993 The effect of acupuncture stimulation of the middle latency auditory evoked potential.
90  Aicardi syndrome
(14 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
MRI (2 times)
CC (1 time)
CCA (1 time)
2000 An unknown combination of infantile spasms, retinal lesions, facial dysmorphism and limb abnormalities.
91  asylum seekers
(14 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
LTBI (2 times)
TB (2 times)
DOT (1 time)
2006 Treatment and care of HIV positive asylum seekers.
92  acetaminophen sulfate
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(12 times)
AG (11 times)
PB (3 times)
4MUS (1 time)
1983 Pharmacokinetic study of the fate of acetaminophen and its conjugates in rats.
93  advanced stage
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
ES (6 times)
OS (3 times)
DLBCL (2 times)
2000 Comparison of T-cell subsets' reconstitution after 12 months of highly active antiretroviral therapy initiated during early versus advanced states of HIV disease.
94  anal sphincter
(13 times)
Urology
(4 times)
AI (2 times)
BC (2 times)
MEPs (2 times)
1989 Neurophysiological evaluation of central-peripheral sensory and motor pudendal fibres.
95  Atlantic salmon
(13 times)
Zoology
(6 times)
rt (5 times)
PUFA (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1990 Polyunsaturated fatty acid metabolism in cultured fish cells: Incorporation and metabolism of (n-3) and (n-6) series acids by Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) cells.
96  axial symptoms
(13 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
ROM (5 times)
ACDF (2 times)
JOA (2 times)
2008 [Contrastive analysis of neck axial symptoms after Bryan cervical disc arthroplasty or traditional anterior cervical discectomy and fusion].
97  adenosarcomas
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
LMS (5 times)
ESS (4 times)
LGESS (2 times)
1996 The expression of epidermal growth factor receptor, HER-2/Neu, p53, and Ki-67 antigen in uterine malignant mixed mesodermal tumors and adenosarcoma.
98  affective style
(12 times)
Psychology
(7 times)
EE (8 times)
CD (4 times)
CS (3 times)
1985 Family factors that antedate the onset of schizophrenia and related disorders: the results of a fifteen year prospective longitudinal study.
99  air sparging
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
VOCs (3 times)
ZOI (3 times)
SDBS (2 times)
2005 Groundwater remediation engineering sparging using acetylene--study on the flow distribution of air.
100  amnioserosa
(12 times)
Cell Biology
(7 times)
DC (5 times)
PCD (2 times)
AJs (1 time)
2007 Dpp signalling orchestrates dorsal closure by regulating cell shape changes both in the amnioserosa and in the epidermis.