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Abbreviation: ASR
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Long forms: 309

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
acoustic startle response
(317 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(91 times)
PPI (130 times)
PTSD (27 times)
EPM (19 times)
1982 The effect of tail pinch on the acoustic startle response in rats.
age-standardized incidence rate
(222 times)
Neoplasms
(126 times)
APC (21 times)
CI (12 times)
EAPC (11 times)
1992 Estimated incidence and prevalence of female breast cancer in Italian regions.
age-standardized rate
(199 times)
Neoplasms
(90 times)
APC (21 times)
CI (12 times)
DALYs (12 times)
1991 [Regional differentials in cancer mortality in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1979-1981].
automatic speech recognition
(158 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(38 times)
WER (11 times)
DNN (10 times)
CI (6 times)
1989 Microcomputer voice-recognition program in a hospital emergency department.
acoustic startle reflex
(110 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(30 times)
PPI (43 times)
ABR (7 times)
OR (5 times)
1991 Opiate-dopamine interactions in the neural substrates of acoustic startle gating in the rat.
automotive shredder residue
(81 times)
Environmental Health
(64 times)
ELVs (12 times)
RDF (6 times)
ELV (5 times)
2002 Determination of chlorine and bromine in automotive shredder residues by oxygen bomb and ion chromatography.
ancestral sequence reconstruction
(55 times)
Molecular Biology
(22 times)
ML (3 times)
MSA (2 times)
AAV2 (1 time)
2002 Evolution of complex fruiting-body morphologies in homobasidiomycetes.
Articular Surface Replacement
(53 times)
Orthopedics
(34 times)
MoM (12 times)
THA (12 times)
HRA (9 times)
2006 Cementing techniques in hip resurfacing.
auditory startle response
(45 times)
Neurology
(29 times)
PPI (15 times)
BR (5 times)
EMG (5 times)
1990 Trimethyltin effects on auditory function and cochlear morphology.
10  alkali-silica reaction
(42 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
SEM (8 times)
XRD (4 times)
ACR (3 times)
1999 High resolution transmission soft X-ray microscopy of deterioration products developed in large concrete dams
11  Anabaena sensory rhodopsin
(39 times)
Chemistry
(15 times)
bR (10 times)
ASRT (6 times)
FTIR (6 times)
2005 FTIR spectroscopy of the all-trans form of Anabaena sensory rhodopsin at 77 K: hydrogen bond of a water between the Schiff base and Asp75.
12  aquifer storage and recovery
(39 times)
Environmental Health
(27 times)
ASTR (3 times)
MAR (3 times)
THMs (3 times)
2004 Geochemical processes during five years of aquifer storage recovery.
13  adult sex ratio
(35 times)
Biology
(17 times)
OSR (2 times)
ABM (1 time)
EPM (1 time)
1994 Gene-culture coevolution and sex ratios: the effects of infanticide, sex-selective abortion, sex selection, and sex-biased parental investment on the evolution of sex ratios.
14  Angelicae Sinensis Radix
(35 times)
Complementary Therapies
(13 times)
AR (22 times)
DBT (17 times)
CR (5 times)
2011 Chemical and biological assessment of Angelicae Sinensis Radix after processing with wine: an orthogonal array design to reveal the optimized conditions.
15  Asian soybean rust
(35 times)
Botany
(9 times)
NHR (2 times)
PCR (2 times)
SNP (2 times)
2005 Morphologic and Pathometric Characterization of the Asian Soybean Rust (Phakopsora pachyrhizi) on Kudzu (Pueraria lobata) in Argentina.
16  absolute synthesis rate
(32 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(10 times)
FSR (20 times)
FCR (4 times)
BMI (2 times)
1987 Effect of a major gene for growth on protein synthesis in mice.
17  Adult Self-Report
(32 times)
Psychiatry
(10 times)
ABCL (4 times)
CBCL (3 times)
YSR (3 times)
2007 Associations between ethnicity and self-reported hallucinations in a population sample of young adults in The Netherlands.
18  acute stress reaction
(30 times)
Psychiatry
(9 times)
PTSD (10 times)
ASD (5 times)
IES-R (3 times)
2003 Protracted acute stress reaction following an earthquake.
19  analyte-specific reagent
(25 times)
Microbiology
(17 times)
HCV (3 times)
cis (2 times)
CMV (2 times)
2004 Verification of an assay for quantification of hepatitis C virus RNA by use of an analyte-specific reagent and two different extraction methods.
20  area-specific resistance
(24 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(8 times)
ITSOFC (4 times)
EIS (2 times)
LSGM (2 times)
2003 Ordered mesoporous phosphosilicate glass electrolyte film with low area specific resistivity.
21  aquatic surface respiration
(23 times)
Zoology
(10 times)
crit (3 times)
CTmax (2 times)
fR (2 times)
1988 Behavioural and ecomorphological responses of the neotropical pacu Piaractus mesopotamicus (Teleostei, Serrasalmidae) to oxygen-deficient waters.
22  acid-, stress-, and ripening-induced
(20 times)
Botany
(6 times)
ABA (6 times)
WT (4 times)
MDA (3 times)
2011 Lily ASR protein-conferred cold and freezing resistance in Arabidopsis.
23  adjusted sequence ratio
(19 times)
Drug Therapy
(9 times)
CI (9 times)
PSSA (5 times)
SSA (3 times)
2010 Increased risk of hip fracture in the elderly associated with prochlorperazine: is a prescribing cascade contributing?
24  androgen-sterilized rats
(19 times)
Complementary Therapies
(6 times)
FSH (3 times)
LH (3 times)
NE (3 times)
1974 Proceedings: Effects of L-DOPA, disulfiram and haloperidol on reappearance of cyclicity in androgen-sterilized rats (ASR).
25  aldosterone secretion rate
(18 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
PRA (5 times)
Ang II (4 times)
THA (3 times)
1966 Hypertension, increased aldosterone secretion and low plasma renin activity relieved by dexamethasone.
26  acid stress ripening
(15 times)
Botany
(7 times)
ABA (3 times)
APX (1 time)
EMSA (1 time)
2005 Molecular cloning, characterization and expression of a novel Asr gene from Ginkgo biloba.
27  acoustic stapedius reflex
(15 times)
Audiology
(6 times)
ASRT (4 times)
ASRD (2 times)
BBN (2 times)
1982 The acoustic stapedial reflex as a prognostic indicator in sudden onset sensorineural hearing loss.
28  age-standardized mortality rate
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
EU (3 times)
AAPC (2 times)
APC (2 times)
2000 Calcium and magnesium in drinking water and the risk of death from breast cancer.
29  artifact subspace reconstruction
(13 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(9 times)
EEG (9 times)
ICA (3 times)
IC (2 times)
2014 Sitting and standing intention can be decoded from scalp EEG recorded prior to movement execution.
30  anaerobic speed reserve
(10 times)
Sports Medicine
(5 times)
MAS (6 times)
MSS (3 times)
MAnS (2 times)
2016 Heart rate recovery after aerobic and anaerobic tests: is there an influence of anaerobic speed reserve?
31  asylum seekers and refugees
(10 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
PTSD (2 times)
HI (1 time)
HRQoL (1 time)
2017 Head injury in asylum seekers and refugees referred with psychological trauma.
32  anal sphincter rupture
(9 times)
Obstetrics
(9 times)
AI (2 times)
EAUS (1 time)
PRM (1 time)
1988 Long-term ailments due to anal sphincter rupture caused by delivery--a hidden problem.
33  Atraumatic splenic rupture
(9 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(3 times)
CT (2 times)
AAST (1 time)
CECT (1 time)
2009 Systematic review of atraumatic splenic rupture.
34  abdominosacral resection
(8 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
APR (2 times)
AR (2 times)
ASAR (1 time)
1978 Abdominosacral resection for carcinoma of the midrectum: ten years experience.
35  absolute secretion rate
(8 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
VLDL (4 times)
FSR (3 times)
GC-MS (3 times)
1995 Direct correlation between cholesterol synthesis and hepatic secretion of apolipoprotein B-100 in normolipidemic subjects.
36  activated sludge reactor
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
SS (2 times)
CBR (1 time)
CFB (1 time)
2004 Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis of nitrifiers in piggery wastewater treatment reactors.
37  acute stress response
(8 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
PTSD (3 times)
AMI (1 time)
ATR (1 time)
2001 [Trauma, traumatic stress and depression following an airline catastrophy].
38  adrenal-to-spleen ratio
(8 times)
Radiology
(6 times)
SII (5 times)
CSI (3 times)
MRI (2 times)
1995 An imaging algorithm for the differential diagnosis of adrenal adenomas and metastases.
39  acoustic startle reaction
(7 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
PPI (4 times)
2-AG (1 time)
AEA (1 time)
2007 Effect of prior exposure to a lithium- and an amphetamine-paired flavor on the acoustic startle response in rats.
40  abnormal sperm rate
(6 times)
Zoology
(5 times)
MOT (5 times)
SCON (4 times)
VOL (3 times)
2005 Candidate gene markers for sperm quality and fertility of boar.
41  acoustic startle
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AEP (1 time)
AMPH (1 time)
CIE (1 time)
1998 [The selective effect of monoclonal antibodies to the nerve growth protein A3G7 on the central mechanisms of different types of defensive behavior in adult rats].
42  age-standardized
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
CR (3 times)
BC (2 times)
AAPC (1 time)
2016 Temporal Trends and Future Prediction of Breast Cancer Incidence Across Age Groups in Trivandrum, South India.
43  alternansucrase
(6 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
EPS (1 time)
GH70 (1 time)
GTF (1 time)
1999 Sequence analysis of the gene encoding alternansucrase, a sucrose glucosyltransferase from Leuconostoc mesenteroides NRRL B-1355.
44  ammoniacal silver reaction
(6 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
EM (1 time)
LM (1 time)
MBP (1 time)
1975 Ultrastructural localization of cationic proteins in cytoplasmic granules of chicken and rabbit polymorphonuclear leukocytes.
45  additional surgical resection
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ER (3 times)
CRC (2 times)
ESD (2 times)
2016 Additional surgical resection after endoscopic mucosal dissection for early gastric cancer: A medium-sized hospital's experience.
46  all-stage resistance
(5 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
APR (3 times)
Pst (2 times)
BSE-seq (1 time)
2018 Yield Loss Associated with Different Levels of Stem Rust Resistance in Bread Wheat.
47  aperiodic stochastic resonance
(5 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
ANN (1 time)
CR (1 time)
KF (1 time)
1996 Noise-enhanced information transmission in rat SA1 cutaneous mechanoreceptors via aperiodic stochastic resonance.
48  aspirin semi-resistance
(5 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
AR (5 times)
AS (3 times)
AA (2 times)
2006 [Aspirin resistance in patients taking small dose of aspirin].
49  auditory startle reaction
(5 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
ABR (1 time)
APB (1 time)
BB (1 time)
1999 Prepulse modulation of the startle reaction and the blink reflex in normal human subjects.
50  auto shredder residue
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
ELVs (2 times)
BF (1 time)
ELV (1 time)
2004 Evolution and kinetics of volatile organic compounds generated during low-temperature polymer degradation.
51  ABA-stress-ripening
(4 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
ABA (1 time)
ABA/WDS (1 time)
HT (1 time)
2014 Profiling of sugar transporter genes in grapevine coping with water deficit.
52  ablation site recurrence
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
SMWA (2 times)
3D-QAMs (1 time)
CRLM (1 time)
2019 Factors predicting ablation site recurrence following percutaneous microwave ablation of colorectal hepatic metastases.
53  adaptive sparse representation
(4 times)
Biology
(1 time)
SR (2 times)
AP (1 time)
DNNC (1 time)
2015 Identification of functional networks in resting state fMRI data using adaptive sparse representation and affinity propagation clustering.
54  addition standard recovery
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
ICP-AES (1 time)
2003 [Determination of Na, K and Ca in brains of less white mouse by AAS].
55  Age-specific rate
(4 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
AAR (2 times)
AAPC (1 time)
APC (1 time)
1996 [The risk of breast cancer in Catalonia].
56  allergic skin response
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
OVA (3 times)
DTH (2 times)
AU (1 time)
2011 Dietary fatty acids affect the immune system in male mice sensitized to ovalbumin or vaccinated with influenza.
57  aspect ratio
(4 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
FBP (2 times)
3DOS (1 time)
ACLR (1 time)
2012 [Evaluation of commercial resolution recovery techniques in four state-of-the-art single photon emission computed tomography systems using a digital phantom model].
58  atrial structural remodeling
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AF (4 times)
HF (2 times)
Ang II (1 time)
2014 Angiotensin II activates signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 via Rac1 in the atrial tissue in permanent atrial fibrillation patients with rheumatic heart disease.
59  abnormal spermatozoa rate
(3 times)
Zoology
(2 times)
MOT (3 times)
PDR (2 times)
VOL (2 times)
2010 Effects of MboII and BspMI polymorphisms in the gonadotropin releasing hormone receptor (GnRHR) gene on sperm quality in Holstein bulls.
60  accident severity rate
(3 times)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
ANN (1 time)
ANNs (1 time)
HAZID (1 time)
2016 Use of Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) for the Analysis and Modeling of Factors That Affect Occupational Injuries in Large Construction Industries.
61  active student responding
(3 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
FBA (1 time)
NR (1 time)
1994 Effects of active student response during error correction on the acquisition, maintenance, and generalization of science vocabulary by elementary students: A systematic replication.
62  anal sex role
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
GNC (2 times)
CGN (1 time)
GnRH (1 time)
2021 Recalled Childhood Separation Anxiety Differs by Anal Sex Role among Gay Men.
63  androgen-induced sterile rats
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
BTR (1 time)
FSH (1 time)
IR (1 time)
2001 [Effect of kidney yin-yang replenishing Chinese herbs on the binding character of insulin receptor on hepatocyte membrane in androgen-induced sterility rats].
64  anterior septal reconstruction
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
NOSE (2 times)
SCHNOS-O, SCHNOS-C (1 time)
2017 Correcting Deviations of the Lower Third of the Nose.
65  anthracnose stalk rot
(3 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
ALB (2 times)
GLS (1 time)
GLVs (1 time)
1994 Generation-means analysis and quantitative trait locus mapping of anthracnose stalk rot genes in maize.
66  antistreptolysin reaction
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
--- 1962 [On the antistreptolysin reaction (ASR) in iritis and iridocyclitis].
67  Arias-Stella reaction
(3 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
CC (1 time)
CTH (1 time)
EC (1 time)
1994 Arias-Stella reaction in nonpregnant women: a clinicopathologic study of nine cases.
68  artificial silicon retina
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
AFC (1 time)
CCT (1 time)
CGAT (1 time)
2004 The artificial silicon retina microchip for the treatment of vision loss from retinitis pigmentosa.
69  Aarhus Sarcoma Registry
(2 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
STS (1 time)
2013 Population-based Aarhus Sarcoma Registry: validity, completeness of registration, and incidence of bone and soft tissue sarcomas in western Denmark.
70  abdominal skin reflex
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
PCA (1 time)
UH (1 time)
2002 Wound sensitivity as a measure of analgesic effects following surgery in human neonates and infants.
71  abscisic acid, stress and ripening
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
ABA (1 time)
Al (1 time)
GUS (1 time)
2005 Conservation of the drought-inducible DS2 genes and divergences from their ASR paralogues in solanaceous species.
72  absolute protein synthesis rate
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Bacterial infection affects protein synthesis in primary lymphoid tissues and circulating lymphocytes of rats.
73  Acanthopanax senticosus root
(2 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
DNP (1 time)
MAO-B (1 time)
TNF (1 time)
2001 Acanthopanax senticosus root inhibits mast cell-dependent anaphylaxis.
74  accompanied by decreased protein synthesis
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ALD (2 times)
PM (2 times)
SART (2 times)
1996 Age-related changes of protein turnover in specific tissues of the chick.
75  acid shock response
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ATR (2 times)
1998 Acid tolerance and acid shock response of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and non-O157:H7 isolates provide cross protection to sodium lactate and sodium chloride.
76  acid-sensitive region
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
CHIKV (2 times)
VLPs (1 time)
2012 A specific domain of the Chikungunya virus E2 protein regulates particle formation in human cells: implications for alphavirus vaccine design.
77  acid-stress-ripening proteins
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
PEG (1 time)
2011 Structure and regulation of the Asr gene family in banana.
78  acromial stress reaction
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ASF (2 times)
AP (1 time)
ASOF (1 time)
2021 Does Preservation of Coracoacromial Ligament Reduce the Acromial Stress Pathology Following Reverse Total Shoulder Arthroplasty?
79  actin stress response
(2 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(2 times)
F-actin (1 time)
FRAP (1 time)
2019 Cofilin-Mediated Actin Stress Response Is Maladaptive in Heat-Stressed Embryos.
80  actuarial survival
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
DFS (2 times)
NPC (2 times)
AJC (1 time)
1991 A comparison of Ho's, International Union Against Cancer, and American Joint Committee stage classifications for nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
81  acute success rates
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CRA (2 times)
EAM (2 times)
RFA (2 times)
2020 Fluoroless radiofrequency and cryo-ablation of atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia in adults and children: a single-center experience.
82  adaptive sidelobe reduction
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
MVM (2 times)
SAR (2 times)
RRMVM (1 time)
1994 Sidelobe reduction via adaptive FIR filtering in SAR imagery.
83  adaptive spatial resolution
(2 times)
Physical Phenomena
(1 time)
C method (1 time)
FMM (1 time)
PMLs (1 time)
2021 Coordinate transformation method for modeling three-dimensional photonic structures with curved boundaries.
84  adaptive speckle reduction
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
ADW (1 time)
AWM (1 time)
CRSG (1 time)
1993 Compensation for the signal processing characteristics of ultrasound B-mode scanners in adaptive speckle reduction.
85  adhesion stabilization rate
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
DAR (2 times)
WSAT (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2000 Beta1-integrin-mediated dynamic adhesion of colon carcinoma cells to extracellular matrix under laminar flow.
86  adjusted SR
(2 times)
Long-Term Care
(1 time)
SR (2 times)
CIs (1 time)
NHIRD (1 time)
2020 Metabolic events associated with the use of antipsychotics in children, adolescents and young adults: a multinational sequence symmetry study.
87  adrenal-to-spleen chemical-shift ratio
(2 times)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(1 time)
ADC (1 time)
ASII (1 time)
CECT (1 time)
2012 A prospective study on the utility of diffusion-weighted and quantitative chemical-shift magnetic resonance imaging in the distinction of adrenal adenomas and metastases.
88  Adult Self-Report Scale
(2 times)
Epilepsy
(1 time)
CES-D (1 time)
CSII (1 time)
ESS (1 time)
2008 Prevalence and associations of psychological distress in young adults with Type 1 diabetes.
89  aerial surface respiration
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
DO (1 time)
2002 The effect of hypoxia and recuperation on carbohydrate metabolism in pacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus).
90  age-adjusted rate
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
KKCR (1 time)
NPC (1 time)
2004 High incidence of nasopharyngeal carcinoma in native people of Sarawak, Borneo Island.
91  age-adjusted standard rate
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BOTs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
FSU (1 time)
1998 The incidence of borderline ovarian tumors in Israel: a population-based study.
92  Age-specific incidence rate
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AAIR (1 time)
APC (1 time)
AYAs (1 time)
2020 Thyroid carcinoma in children, adolescents, and young adults in Brazil: A report from 11 population-based cancer registries.
93  age-specific incidence rates
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
HV (1 time)
IACR (1 time)
IARC (1 time)
2002 Comparability and Quality Control in Cancer Registration; Karachi (data monitoring 1995-2001).
94  age-standardized death rate
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
RR (1 time)
SMR (1 time)
TC (1 time)
2013 The geographical pattern of thyroid cancer mortality between 1980 and 2009 in Italy.
95  age-standardized IR
(2 times)
Medical Oncology
(1 time)
APC (1 time)
IR (1 time)
IRs (1 time)
2019 Changing Incidence of Uterine Cancer in Rural Egypt: Possible Impact of Nutritional and Epidemiologic Transitions.
96  age-standardized rate by Chinese population
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
AAPC (1 time)
ICD-10 (1 time)
2013 [Trend and prediction on the incidence of pancreatic cancer in China].
97  albumin synthesis rate
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
FSR (1 time)
1990 Albumin synthetic rate: a comparison of arginine and alpha-ketoisocaproate precursor methods using stable isotope techniques.
98  alcohol septal reduction
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
HC (2 times)
LV (1 time)
LVOT (1 time)
2003 Comparison of left ventricular diastolic function in obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in patients undergoing percutaneous septal alcohol ablation versus surgical myotomy/myectomy.
99  all subsets regression
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
FSR (1 time)
LOO (1 time)
1996 A comparison of methods for limited-sampling strategy design using data from a phase I trial of the anthrapyrazole DuP-941.
100  Alternative Summary Reporting
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CDR (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
MAUDE (1 time)
2020 A cross-sectional analysis of 1347 complications for cervical disc replacements from medical device reports maintained by the United States Food and Drug Administration.