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Abbreviation: BE
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Long forms: 645

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Barrett's esophagus
(2302 times)
Gastroenterology
(1154 times)
EAC (563 times)
HGD (296 times)
GERD (286 times)
1983 Barrett's esophagus. Functional assessment, proposed pathogenesis, and surgical therapy.
base excess
(533 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(61 times)
MAP (39 times)
Hb (29 times)
HR (27 times)
1972 [Studies of maternal acid-base equilibrium. I. Normal values of pH, pCO 2 and base excess (BE) in venous blood].
bioequivalence
(351 times)
Pharmacology
(262 times)
PK (61 times)
BCS (45 times)
IR (44 times)
1991 Harmonization of bioavailability and bioequivalence requirements.
benzoylecgonine
(230 times)
Toxicology
(61 times)
COC (65 times)
EME (58 times)
CE (21 times)
1977 Detection of benzoylecgonine in human urine.
binge eating
(162 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(50 times)
BED (21 times)
BES (14 times)
BMI (13 times)
2003 Gender differences in binge-eating: a population-based twin study.
beta-endorphin
(134 times)
Neurology
(25 times)
ME (15 times)
SP (14 times)
POMC (9 times)
1983 The effect of gamma-hydroxybutyrate and anticonvulsants on opioid peptide content in the rat brain.
binding energy
(118 times)
Chemistry
(55 times)
XPS (19 times)
DFT (15 times)
MD (6 times)
1985 Reactivity and activation of dioxygen-derived species in aprotic media (a model matrix for biomembranes).
bronchiectasis
(92 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(44 times)
CF (15 times)
COPD (13 times)
HRCT (11 times)
1989 [Clinical evaluation of serum sialyl Lewis X-i (SLX) in diffuse panbronchiolitis].
built environment
(87 times)
Public Health
(42 times)
PA (23 times)
MVPA (6 times)
SES (5 times)
2010 Effects of the built environment on physical activity of adults living in rural settings.
10  barium enema
(66 times)
Radiology
(21 times)
CT (15 times)
CTC (8 times)
CRC (5 times)
1976 The double-contrast enema: myths and misconceptions.
11  balloon-expandable
(64 times)
Cardiology
(45 times)
SE (53 times)
TAVR (26 times)
TAVI (17 times)
2001 Comparison of self-expanding and balloon-expandable stents for the reduction of restenosis.
12  2-butoxyethanol
(59 times)
Toxicology
(31 times)
BAA (26 times)
EE (12 times)
ME (7 times)
1987 Percutaneous absorption, metabolism, and hemolytic activity of n-butoxyethanol.
13  bacterial endocarditis
(58 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
TF (4 times)
AHA (2 times)
CCTs (2 times)
1975 A forty-year review of bacterial endocarditis in infancy and childhood.
14  bladder exstrophy
(57 times)
Pediatrics
(29 times)
CPRE (9 times)
CE (6 times)
BNR (4 times)
1994 Comparative epidemiology of selected midline congenital abnormalities.
15  branching enzyme
(57 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
SS (13 times)
DP (7 times)
AM (4 times)
1979 Developmental changes of glycogen enzymes in fast and slow muscles of the rat.
16  biological efficiency
(54 times)
Microbiology
(23 times)
PR (3 times)
Ab (2 times)
SD (2 times)
1986 Effects of genotype, spawn run time, and substrate formulation on biological efficiency of shiitake.
17  bystander effect
(43 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
AR (9 times)
GCV (6 times)
GJIC (6 times)
1998 Induction of anti-tumour immunity by suicide-gene-modified HPV-16-transformed hamster cells.
18  behavioral economics
(39 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(10 times)
CDS (3 times)
EHR (3 times)
OxR1 (3 times)
2012 Predictors of utilization of an IVR self-monitoring program by problem drinkers with recent natural resolutions.
19  baicalein
(35 times)
Pharmacology
(14 times)
BA (4 times)
BI (4 times)
ROS (4 times)
2006 Baicalein inhibition of oxidative-stress-induced apoptosis via modulation of ERKs activation and induction of HO-1 gene expression in rat glioma cells C6.
20  Biomonitoring Equivalents
(26 times)
Toxicology
(18 times)
BEs (6 times)
NHANES (5 times)
HBM (4 times)
2008 Biomonitoring Equivalents (BE) dossier for trihalomethanes.
21  brain edema
(26 times)
Neurosurgery
(6 times)
DKA (7 times)
BBB (4 times)
T1DM (3 times)
1976 Cerebral circulation after head injury. Part 2: The effects of traumatic brain edema.
22  bilberry extract
(25 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(12 times)
ROS (5 times)
C. elegans (4 times)
APE (3 times)
2006 Berberry extract reduces neuronal damage and N-Methyl-D-aspartate receptor 1 immunoreactivity in the gerbil hippocampus after transient forebrain ischemia.
23  both eyes
(24 times)
Ophthalmology
(13 times)
LE (11 times)
RE (9 times)
BCVA (4 times)
1994 HIV-related ocular microangiopathic syndrome and color contrast sensitivity.
24  beef extract
(23 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
AEDA (2 times)
PBS (2 times)
PEG (2 times)
1976 Comparison of four eluents in the recovery of indigenous viruses from raw sludge.
25  Belgium
(23 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
NL (18 times)
DK (6 times)
IT (6 times)
2005 Biowaiver monographs for immediate release solid oral dosage forms based on biopharmaceutics classification system (BCS) literature data: chloroquine phosphate, chloroquine sulfate, and chloroquine hydrochloride.
26  boundary element
(21 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
MRI (3 times)
FE (2 times)
BSP (1 time)
1989 On the numerical accuracy of the boundary element method.
27  boundary extension
(19 times)
Psychology
(12 times)
AD (1 time)
BC (1 time)
BR (1 time)
2002 Surface construal and the mental representation of scenes.
28  betulin
(18 times)
Biology
(3 times)
BA (5 times)
MDA (3 times)
SOD (3 times)
2009 Betulin is a potent anti-tumor agent that is enhanced by cholesterol.
29  brainstem encephalitis
(18 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
EV71 (11 times)
PE (9 times)
ANS (7 times)
2003 Pathogenesis of enterovirus 71 brainstem encephalitis in pediatric patients: roles of cytokines and cellular immune activation in patients with pulmonary edema.
30  n-butanol extract
(18 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
EE (5 times)
EAE (4 times)
WE (3 times)
1993 Characterization of mouse monoclonal antibodies against common and repeated epitopes of different developmental stages of Schistosoma mansoni.
31  Barrett's epithelium
(16 times)
Gastroenterology
(9 times)
APC (3 times)
EA (2 times)
EAC (2 times)
1998 Cellular kinetics in Barrett's epithelium carcinogenic sequence: roles of apoptosis, bcl-2 protein, and cellular proliferation.
32  bicycle ergometry
(16 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
HG (2 times)
TLAP (2 times)
TM (2 times)
1981 [Plasma catecholamines, metabolic substrates, aerobic and anaerobic capacity during graduated treadmill and bicycle ergometer exercise (author's transl)].
33  balloon enteroscopy
(15 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
CE (5 times)
ERCP (3 times)
SAA (3 times)
2010 Spiral enteroscopy for therapeutic ERCP in patients with surgically altered anatomy: actual technique and review of the literature.
34  Bayesian estimation
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
MLE (6 times)
ML (2 times)
MMF (2 times)
1988 Single-scan Bayes estimation of cerebral glucose metabolic rate: comparison with non-Bayes single-scan methods using FDG PET scans in stroke.
35  base editing
(14 times)
Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromi
(2 times)
PE (4 times)
CRISPR (3 times)
DSB (3 times)
2019 [Research advance and application in the gene therapy of gene editing technologies].
36  bilirubin encephalopathy
(14 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
TSB (3 times)
ABR (2 times)
CI (2 times)
1995 Erythrocyte glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency and neonatal jaundice.
37  bladder endometriosis
(14 times)
Gynecology
(8 times)
TVS (2 times)
DE (1 time)
DIE (1 time)
2017 Bladder Endometriosis: A Systematic Review of Pathogenesis, Diagnosis, Treatment, Impact on Fertility, and Risk of Malignant Transformation.
38  broken egg
(14 times)
Genetics
(4 times)
KL (12 times)
MN (12 times)
KR (11 times)
2003 Evaluation of cisplatin + 5-FU, carboplatin + 5-FU, and ifosfamide + epirubicine regimens using the micronuclei test and nuclear abnormalities in the buccal mucosa.
39  bronchial epithelial
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
RV (3 times)
BSM (2 times)
AE (1 time)
1989 Discrimination of normal and transformed cells in vitro by cytologic and morphologic analysis.
40  before exercise
(12 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
AE (7 times)
DE (6 times)
CF (3 times)
2006 Allium vegetable diet can reduce the exercise-induced oxidative stress but does not alter plasma cholesterol profile in rats.
41  bioemulsifiers
(12 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
BS (7 times)
GC-MS (2 times)
AHLs (1 time)
2010 Biosurfactants, bioemulsifiers and exopolysaccharides from marine microorganisms.
42  boar exposure
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
EG (2 times)
LS (2 times)
AE (1 time)
1987 Endocrine changes before and after weaning in response to boar exposure and altered suckling in sows.
43  below-elbow
(11 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
AE (8 times)
DASH (2 times)
NCSs (2 times)
1983 Motor and sensory ulnar nerve conduction velocities: effect of elbow position.
44  better eye
(11 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
WE (8 times)
CS (2 times)
PRL (2 times)
2003 Prevalence of hearing impairment in a population in Sweden.
45  back extension
(10 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
EO (2 times)
ES (2 times)
IEMG (2 times)
2008 Trunk muscle activity during stability ball and free weight exercises.
46  bicycle exercise
(10 times)
Therapeutics
(4 times)
a-fv (1 time)
ARF (1 time)
ECGM (1 time)
1993 Variable effects of beta-adrenoceptor blockade on muscle blood flow during exercise.
47  bottom electrode
(10 times)
Nanotechnology
(5 times)
ReRAM (2 times)
RS (2 times)
TE (2 times)
2010 Controllable growth of nanoscale conductive filaments in solid-electrolyte-based ReRAM by using a metal nanocrystal covered bottom electrode.
48  backward elimination
(9 times)
Medical Informatics
(4 times)
ADA (1 time)
AIS (1 time)
BIC (1 time)
2006 Novel unsupervised feature filtering of biological data.
49  baked egg
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
BM (3 times)
OFCs (2 times)
CE (1 time)
2017 Randomised controlled trial of a baked egg intervention in young children allergic to raw egg but not baked egg.
50  band edge
(9 times)
Nanotechnology
(4 times)
PL (3 times)
CVD (1 time)
EDX (1 time)
2005 Contrast analysis of dislocation images in TEM-cathodoluminescence technique.
51  basal epithelium
(9 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
AH (1 time)
BECM (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
1983 Characteristics of chicken intraembryonic cells that express B-L (Ia-like) antigen under the influence of cultured bursal epithelium.
52  binge eating behavior
(9 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
BD (3 times)
GWA (2 times)
PR (2 times)
2012 Binge eating during pregnancy and birth outcomes: a cohort study in a disadvantaged population in Brazil.
53  black soybean seed coat extract
(9 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
PCs (2 times)
AAPH (1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
2011 A black soybean seed coat extract prevents obesity and glucose intolerance by up-regulating uncoupling proteins and down-regulating inflammatory cytokines in high-fat diet-fed mice.
54  breathing exercises
(9 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
COPD (2 times)
IMT (2 times)
IT (2 times)
1994 [Long-term effects of breathing exercises and yoga in patients with bronchial asthma].
55  backscattered electron
(8 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
SE (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
BMD (1 time)
1987 Phenotypically heterogeneous deletion of the ABH antigen from the transformed bladder urothelium. A scanning electron microscope study.
56  behaviors
(8 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
MH (4 times)
FA (3 times)
GH (3 times)
2004 Genetic and environmental influences on binge eating in the absence of compensatory behaviors: a population-based twin study.
57  bereavement exclusion
(8 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
BRD (1 time)
MD (1 time)
MDD (1 time)
2010 DSM bereavement exclusion for major depression and objective cognitive impairment.
58  blending effect
(8 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
TP (2 times)
AIA (1 time)
BA (1 time)
1983 [Studies of anti-lymphocyte antibodies, with special reference to anti-B cell antibodies in choriocarcinoma].
59  body esteem
(8 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
BESAA (2 times)
AE (1 time)
BD (1 time)
2001 Body-esteem scale for adolescents and adults.
60  bone erosions
(8 times)
Rheumatology
(4 times)
US (3 times)
CR (2 times)
CRP (2 times)
2012 Evaluation of clinical and ultrasonographic parameters in psoriatic arthritis patients treated with adalimumab: a retrospective study.
61  bromoethane
(8 times)
Botany
(3 times)
AD (2 times)
ABA (1 time)
AC (1 time)
1985 Carcinogenicity bioassays of bromoacetaldehyde and bromoethanol--potential metabolites of dibromoethane.
62  Brucella endocarditis
(8 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
PV (1 time)
1997 Conservative treatment for Brucella endocarditis.
63  barium esophagram
(7 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
HRM (4 times)
EUS (3 times)
CT (2 times)
2008 Laparoscopic repair of giant paraesophageal hernia results in long-term patient satisfaction and a durable repair.
64  Barrett's metaplasia
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
EAC (5 times)
ESCC (4 times)
GERD (2 times)
2007 Hypermethylation of the nel-like 1 gene is a common and early event and is associated with poor prognosis in early-stage esophageal adenocarcinoma.
65  base editor
(7 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
PE (2 times)
BE-PLUS (1 time)
CBE (1 time)
2017 Effective gene editing by high-fidelity base editor 2 in mouse zygotes.
66  before
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AE (4 times)
MDA (2 times)
AF (1 time)
1990 Effects of timing of food and fluid volume on cefetamet pivoxil absorption in healthy normal volunteers.
67  benzene
(7 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
AE (5 times)
PE (5 times)
CA (1 time)
1994 Antioxidative effect of extracts from Erodium cicutarium L.
68  best-estimate
(7 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
FH (2 times)
RMSD (2 times)
ASD (1 time)
1994 Biases in the diagnosis of alcoholism by the family history method.
69  bleaching efficacy
(7 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
TS (5 times)
HP (4 times)
SGUs (2 times)
2013 Efficacy of and effect on tooth sensitivity of in-office bleaching gel concentrations: a randomized clinical trial.
70  B-endorphin
(6 times)
Psychophysiology
(3 times)
CRH (2 times)
POMC (2 times)
ACTH (1 time)
1981 Effect of ceruletide on pituitary-hypothalamic peptides and on emotion in man.
71  barium enema examination
(6 times)
Radiology
(5 times)
CRT (1 time)
JCCC (1 time)
SM (1 time)
1976 Predictive factors and mechanism of arrhythmias and myocardial ischaemic changes in elderly patients during barium enema.
72  berberine
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
BA (3 times)
GL (2 times)
GS (2 times)
2004 A selective and sensitive assay of berberine using total internal reflected resonance light scattering technique with fluorescein at the water/1,2-dichloroethane interface.
73  bestatin
(6 times)
Brain
(5 times)
AM (5 times)
AII (3 times)
i.c.v (3 times)
1987 Binding, degradation and pressor activity of angiotensins II and III after aminopeptidase inhibition with amastatin and bestatin.
74  bevacizumab
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CE (2 times)
HAI (2 times)
OX (2 times)
2011 Hepatic arterial infusion of bevacizumab in combination with oxaliplatin reduces tumor growth in a rat model of colorectal liver metastases.
75  bilateral neck exploration
(6 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
IOPTH (5 times)
LE (2 times)
MGD (2 times)
2007 Endoscopic bilateral neck exploration versus quick intraoperative parathormone assay (qPTHa) during endoscopic parathyroidectomy: A prospective randomized trial.
76  biliary epithelial
(6 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
EBs (2 times)
EGF (2 times)
ES (2 times)
1996 Inhibition of PDC-E2 human combinatorial autoantibodies by peptide mimotopes.
77  biodegradation efficiency
(6 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
GC-MS (2 times)
rGONR (2 times)
XRD (2 times)
2007 Role of Serratia marcescens ACE2 on diesel degradation and its influence on corrosion.
78  bleeding events
(6 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
ARDS (1 time)
DOAC (1 time)
ECMO (1 time)
2014 Effects of transient blur and VDT screen luminance changes on eyeblink rate.
79  blood eosinophils
(6 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
ThLVC (2 times)
ACT (1 time)
ALN (1 time)
2003 Clinical validation of bronchial hyperresponsiveness, allergy tests and lung function in the diagnosis of asthma in persons with dyspnea.
80  bovine enamel
(6 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
Ti (3 times)
CCE (1 time)
DB (1 time)
2010 Influence of saliva substitute films on the initial adhesion of Candida albicans to dental substrata prior to and after artificial ageing.
81  balance exercise
(5 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
KT (2 times)
TUG (2 times)
AE (1 time)
2013 Whole-body vibration training improves balance, muscle strength and glycosylated hemoglobin in elderly patients with diabetic neuropathy.
82  basic encephalitogenic protein
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
EAE (2 times)
ATM (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
1975 Neuritogenic and encephalitogenic properties of the peripheral nerve basic proteins.
83  behavioral expectation
(5 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
BI (3 times)
AEPs (1 time)
BW (1 time)
2006 [The comparison of nicotine replacement therapy and behavioral education in smoking cessation: a study of naturalistic follow-up].
84  benign
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
BC (2 times)
MS (2 times)
PP (2 times)
1996 Macroscopic and microscopic assessments of disease burden by MRI in multiple sclerosis: relationship to clinical parameters.
85  bentonite
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
AP (1 time)
BR (1 time)
C-ZE (1 time)
2005 Evaluation of blends tincal waste, volcanic tuff, bentonite and fly ash for use as a cement admixture.
86  bi-exponential
(5 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
m-E (4 times)
SE (3 times)
AUC (2 times)
2017 Quantitative Analysis of Intravoxel Incoherent Motion (IVIM) Diffusion MRI using Total Variation and Huber Penalty Function.
87  blood establishments
(5 times)
Anatomy
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
BBC (1 time)
BTC (1 time)
2013 Cost-effectiveness of questionnaires in preventing transfusion-transmitted infections.
88  bone endosteum
(5 times)
Biology
(4 times)
AM (3 times)
AFs (2 times)
ICRP (2 times)
2011 Electron absorbed fractions of energy and S-values in an adult human skeleton based on CT images of trabecular bone.
89  bootstrap embedding
(5 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
CCSD (1 time)
DLPNO (1 time)
DMET (1 time)
2019 Bootstrap Embedding for Molecules.
90  Bose-Einstein
(5 times)
Physics
(2 times)
FD (2 times)
M-B (2 times)
BCs (1 time)
2011 Arrhenius-kinetics evidence for quantum tunneling in microbial "social" decision rates.
91  brightness enhancement
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
GRIN (3 times)
ASE (1 time)
BQ (1 time)
2018 1.2  kW clad pumped Raman all-passive-fiber laser with brightness enhancement.
92  British English
(5 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(3 times)
AE (2 times)
GA (1 time)
JE (1 time)
2013 Constraints on the transfer of perceptual learning in accented speech.
93  backward extrapolation
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
GE (1 time)
HIE (1 time)
HR (1 time)
1981 VO2 peak during free swimming using the backward extrapolation of the O2 recovery curve.
94  balloon expulsion
(4 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
SE (3 times)
AUC (2 times)
HRAM (2 times)
1998 Hypothermia influences time course of intracranial pressure, brain temperature, EEG and microcirculation during ischemia-reperfusion.
95  banaba extract
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
GLUT4 (2 times)
BET (1 time)
BME (1 time)
2001 An extract of Lagerstroemia speciosa L. has insulin-like glucose uptake-stimulatory and adipocyte differentiation-inhibitory activities in 3T3-L1 cells.
96  band erosion
(4 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
ASGB (1 time)
DRYGBP (1 time)
IT (1 time)
1999 Adjustable silicone gastric banding and band erosion: personal experience and hypotheses.
97  Bariatric endoscopy
(4 times)
Environmental Exposure
(1 time)
BM (1 time)
BS (1 time)
HRQL (1 time)
2020 Main prophylactic measures in bariatric endoscopy. Spanish Expert Recommendations Guideline.
98  Benefits Evaluation
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
HIS (1 time)
QA (1 time)
2009 Extending the infoway benefits evaluation framework for health information systems.
99  benign endometrium
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
8-OHdG (1 time)
ACH (1 time)
AH (1 time)
2003 Endometrial brush biopsy. An accurate outpatient method of detecting endometrial malignancy.
100  bethanechol
(4 times)
Urology
(2 times)
SS (2 times)
AcH (1 time)
alpha,beta-meATP (1 time)
1997 Bethanechol activates a post-receptor negative feedback mechanism in rabbit urinary bladder smooth muscle.