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Abbreviation: BI
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Barthel Index
(1297 times)
Neurology
(279 times)
mRS (221 times)
NIHSS (198 times)
ADL (129 times)
1992 Assessment of handicap in chronic dialysis diabetic patients (Uremidiab section study).
Bayesian inference
(344 times)
Molecular Biology
(70 times)
ML (248 times)
PCGs (70 times)
MP (67 times)
2003 Apicoplast genome of the coccidian Eimeria tenella.
bleeding index
(274 times)
Dentistry
(145 times)
PD (127 times)
PI (79 times)
PLI (56 times)
1984 Dental health in a group of drug addicts attending an addiction-clinic.
behavioral inhibition
(218 times)
Psychiatry
(70 times)
PE (15 times)
SAD (11 times)
SI (10 times)
1995 Predicting the intentions and behavior of exercise initiates using two forms of self-efficacy.
brief intervention
(193 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(92 times)
ED (32 times)
CI (15 times)
SBIRT (12 times)
1993 Evaluation of a cognitive-behavioural intervention for HIV prevention among injecting drug users.
basilar invagination
(110 times)
Neurosurgery
(41 times)
AAD (42 times)
JOA (14 times)
CVJ (13 times)
2007 Basilar invagination: craniocervical instability treated with cervical traction and occipitocervical fixation. Case report.
bacterial index
(91 times)
Tropical Medicine
(64 times)
MB (21 times)
MDT (19 times)
PB (11 times)
1980 Cell mediated immunity in patients with Virchowian hanseniasis before and after treatment with transfer factor.
brain injury
(87 times)
Rehabilitation
(19 times)
DOCS (4 times)
GCS (4 times)
MAP (4 times)
1991 Outcome 1 to 3 years after severe traumatic brain injury in children and adolescents.
body image
(77 times)
Public Health
(17 times)
BMI (15 times)
QoL (8 times)
BC (5 times)
1999 Body image and virtual reality in eating disorders: is exposure to virtual reality more effective than the classical body image treatment?
10  Breteau index
(70 times)
Tropical Medicine
(34 times)
CI (35 times)
HI (28 times)
DF (8 times)
1997 Activity of dengue-2 virus and prevalence of Aedes aegypti in the Chirimiri colliery area, Madhya Pradesh, India.
11  bioelectrical impedance
(62 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(14 times)
TBW (13 times)
BMI (9 times)
FFM (9 times)
1989 Bioelectrical impedance in clinical practice.
12  brain infarction
(59 times)
Neurology
(21 times)
MRI (7 times)
MI (5 times)
OR (5 times)
1991 The prognostic value of blood glucose in patients with acute stroke.
13  basal insulin
(52 times)
Endocrinology
(27 times)
T2D (14 times)
OADs (9 times)
T2DM (9 times)
2010 Glycemic control with preprandial versus basal insulin in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus poorly controlled by oral antidiabetes agents.
14  bacteriological index
(47 times)
Tropical Medicine
(32 times)
MB (12 times)
MI (7 times)
MDT (6 times)
1975 A comparative evaluation of bacteriologic and morphologic indices of Mycobacterium leprae in skin, lymph node, bone marrow, nerve and muscle.
15  business intelligence
(41 times)
Medical Informatics
(12 times)
OLAP (4 times)
CDSS (2 times)
ETL (2 times)
2007 Business intelligence: using insight to improve the value and performance of your practice.
16  Billroth I
(38 times)
General Surgery
(17 times)
BII (23 times)
RY (13 times)
RCTs (3 times)
1983 Gastrin production following antrectomy. A study on the occurrence of gastrin-producing cells and the serum gastrin response to feeding.
17  bacterial infection
(37 times)
Gastroenterology
(9 times)
PCT (6 times)
CRP (5 times)
HSCT (5 times)
1993 [HIV infection in intravenous drug addicts].
18  burn index
(32 times)
Traumatology
(8 times)
TBSA (3 times)
DBP (2 times)
PBI (2 times)
1982 Clinical usefulness of a bone mineral measurement method on the femoral shaft.
19  bioimpedance
(31 times)
Nephrology
(5 times)
CO (2 times)
DD (2 times)
DEXA (2 times)
1989 Noninvasive estimation of extravascular lung water using bioimpedance.
20  Brinkman index
(28 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
BMI (3 times)
NSCLC (2 times)
SBP (2 times)
1987 Case-control study on histologically determined multiple primary lung cancer.
21  balloon injury
(27 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
IH (7 times)
IA (4 times)
PDT (4 times)
2000 The upregulation of endothelin and its receptors in porcine coronary arteries in a double balloon injury model of restenosis.
22  biological indicator
(26 times)
Microbiology
(8 times)
CI (2 times)
EO (2 times)
AOS (1 time)
1986 Comparative thermoresistance of two biological indicators for monitoring steam autoclaves. 3. Comparison performed at 121 degrees C in a hospital prevacuum steam sterilizer.
23  Bayesian
(25 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
ML (21 times)
PCGs (7 times)
MP (3 times)
2003 A phylogeny of Chinese species in the genus Phrynocephalus (Agamidae) inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences.
24  budget impact
(25 times)
Economics, Medical
(9 times)
CE (3 times)
NHS (2 times)
PMPM (2 times)
2006 Cost-effectiveness and budget impact of obesity surgery in patients with type-2 diabetes in three European countries.
25  bacillary index
(23 times)
Tropical Medicine
(11 times)
ENL (5 times)
MB (3 times)
PG (3 times)
1979 Study of Bacteriological and Morphological Indices in Lymph Node by Needle Aspiration.
26  binaural interaction
(22 times)
Audiology
(12 times)
ABR (7 times)
ABRs (5 times)
MLR (5 times)
1979 Binaural interaction in brainstem-evoked responses.
27  bovine insulin
(21 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(14 times)
CM (4 times)
APC (3 times)
PI (3 times)
1982 Fine specificity of a T cell line reactive to bovine insulin.
28  backward inhibition
(20 times)
Psychology
(9 times)
CRS (3 times)
ERP (2 times)
WS (2 times)
2007 Cue- versus response-locked processes in backward inhibition: evidence from ERPs.
29  baseline impedance
(20 times)
Gastroenterology
(10 times)
GERD (9 times)
MII-pH (4 times)
NERD (4 times)
2014 Esophageal intraluminal baseline impedance differentiates gastroesophageal reflux disease from functional heartburn.
30  base-in
(18 times)
Optometry
(14 times)
BO (15 times)
cpm (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1986 Effect of a central fusion stimulus on fixation disparity.
31  burn injury
(18 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
IL-6 (3 times)
alpha7AChRs (2 times)
BTS (2 times)
2005 The pattern of paediatric burn injuries in Southwestern, Saudi Arabia.
32  bead injection
(17 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(14 times)
LOV (9 times)
SPE (3 times)
SI-LOV (2 times)
2003 Bead injection ELISA for the determination of antibodies implicated in type 1 diabetes mellitus.
33  basilar impression
(16 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
OI (6 times)
CM (4 times)
SM (4 times)
1978 [Clinical radiographic features of basilar impression (author's transl)].
34  behaviorally inhibited
(16 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
NI (5 times)
US (4 times)
AMBI (3 times)
2008 A history of childhood behavioral inhibition and enhanced response monitoring in adolescence are linked to clinical anxiety.
35  benzimidazole
(14 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
DFT (2 times)
PA (2 times)
TADF (2 times)
1987 Effects of NC-1300 and its degradation products on gastric secretion and HCl.ethanol-induced gastric lesions in rats.
36  bolus injection
(14 times)
Hematology
(6 times)
CI (12 times)
FVIII (3 times)
ADHF (1 time)
1985 Stimulation of glucose uptake in skeletal muscle using bolus or continuous insulin delivery.
37  Burden Interview
(14 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
AD (4 times)
NPI (4 times)
MMSE (3 times)
2000 [Burden and quality of life in carers of patients with Alzheimer type dementia].
38  biodegradability index
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
HC (4 times)
WAO (3 times)
B-DWW (2 times)
2012 Cavitationally induced biodegradability enhancement of a distillery wastewater.
39  buccal infiltration
(13 times)
Dentistry
(10 times)
IANB (10 times)
VAS (5 times)
LI (3 times)
2009 Anesthetic efficacy of inferior alveolar nerve block plus buccal infiltration or periodontal ligament injections with articaine in patients with irreversible pulpitis in the mandibular first molar.
40  Bliss independence
(12 times)
Drug Therapy
(5 times)
LA (4 times)
EFS (3 times)
FIC (3 times)
2002 In vitro drug interaction modeling of combinations of azoles with terbinafine against clinical Scedosporium prolificans isolates.
41  Boehringer Ingelheim
(12 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(3 times)
GSK (2 times)
AMS (1 time)
APV (1 time)
1990 Metered dose inhaler aerosol characteristics are affected by the endotracheal tube actuator/adapter used.
42  Bamako Initiative
(10 times)
Health Services
(4 times)
PHC (2 times)
DRF (1 time)
EPI (1 time)
1997 Affordability, cost-effectiveness and efficiency of primary health care: the Bamako Initiative experience in Benin and Guinea.
43  Bioinformatics
(10 times)
Medical Informatics
(6 times)
MI (6 times)
BMI (4 times)
NGS (2 times)
2003 Establishing an agenda for biomedical informatics.
44  bilateral
(9 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
UNI (6 times)
CI (2 times)
ALD (1 time)
1987 [Determinant factors in the acute functional deterioration caused by the inhibition of the conversion enzyme in reno-vascular arterial hypertension].
45  biotic index
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
FBI (2 times)
ABC curves (1 time)
B-IBI (1 time)
2007 [Stream health assessment using a benthic-index of biotic integrity in Xitiaoxi Stream, Zhejiang Province, China].
46  body iron
(9 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
SF (4 times)
sTfR (4 times)
ID (2 times)
2008 Comparison of plasma ferritin concentration with the ratio of plasma transferrin receptor to ferritin in estimating body iron stores: results of 4 intervention trials.
47  brain interface
(9 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(9 times)
GA (1 time)
LF-ASD (1 time)
MRPs (1 time)
2005 A general framework for characterizing studies of brain interface technology.
48  brief alcohol intervention
(9 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(5 times)
PLWH (2 times)
AD (1 time)
AIC (1 time)
2008 Using interactive voice response to enhance brief alcohol intervention in primary care settings.
49  burst incidence
(9 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
MSNA (7 times)
BF (6 times)
AHI (2 times)
2012 Sympathetic nerve activity in stress-induced cardiomyopathy.
50  battle injury
(8 times)
Military Medicine
(4 times)
NBI (2 times)
CAR (1 time)
CHN-Role 2H (1 time)
2010 Craniomaxillofacial battle injuries: injury patterns, conventional treatment limitations and direction of future research.
51  bleeding
(8 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
GI (5 times)
CPC (2 times)
EO (2 times)
1991 Periodontal status of patients with Sjogren's syndrome: a cross-sectional study.
52  brain ischemia
(8 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
NPV (2 times)
TEE (2 times)
AF (1 time)
1995 Regional cerebral metabolism of glucose in comatose and vegetative state patients.
53  Barthel ADL Index
(7 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
HADS (3 times)
mRS (2 times)
ACE-R (1 time)
2000 Parallel reliability of the functional independence measure and the Barthel ADL index.
54  baseline incidence
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
RR (6 times)
WHO (5 times)
COPD (2 times)
2016 Exposure to PM10, NO2, and O3 and impacts on human health.
55  Bayesian analysis
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ML (6 times)
MP (2 times)
nrDNA (2 times)
2010 [Phylogenetic relationships among Cobitoidea based on mitochondrial ND4 and ND5 gene sequences].
56  beef insulin
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
PI (2 times)
Tg (2 times)
Ags (1 time)
1984 A comparison of the biological actions and pharmacokinetics of intravenously infused highly purified beef and biosynthetic human insulins in normal man.
57  Bifidobacterium infantis
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CM (1 time)
DSS (1 time)
ETEC (1 time)
2008 Protective effects of Lactobacillus rhamnosus [corrected] and Bifidobacterium infantis in murine models for colitis do not involve the vagus nerve.
58  branching index
(7 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
BH (1 time)
BL (1 time)
BN (1 time)
2003 Genetic mapping of QTLs affecting productivity and plant architecture in a full-sib cross from non-inbred parents in Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz).
59  bronchus intermedius
(7 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
LMB (2 times)
RMB (2 times)
BAE (1 time)
1995 Bronchoscopic determination of ozone uptake in humans.
60  beta-ionone
(6 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
FAK (2 times)
MMP (2 times)
TIMP (2 times)
2003 Inhibition of cyclophosphamide-induced teratogenesis by beta-ionone.
61  bipolar
(6 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
UNI (2 times)
BC (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
1986 Electrical muscle stimulation and isometric exercise effects on selected quadriceps parameters*.
62  birth interval
(6 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
BO (2 times)
BW (2 times)
GL (2 times)
1988 [Breast feeding and birth spacing in Burundi: an approach].
63  bisexual
(6 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(3 times)
CH (5 times)
MH (5 times)
LG (3 times)
2013 Disparities in depressive distress by sexual orientation in emerging adults: the roles of attachment and stress paradigms.
64  Bos indicus
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
Bt (4 times)
AN (1 time)
BB (1 time)
2011 Detection of chromosome segments of zebu and taurine origin and their effect on beef production and growth.
65  brain-injured
(6 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
CTRL (1 time)
LM (1 time)
mTBI (1 time)
1987 Memory disorders as a function of traumatic brain injury. Word completion, recall of words and actions.
66  baicalin
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BE (4 times)
NAC (2 times)
3MGA (1 time)
2006 Baicalein inhibition of oxidative-stress-induced apoptosis via modulation of ERKs activation and induction of HO-1 gene expression in rat glioma cells C6.
67  Baidu Index
(5 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
AH (1 time)
AR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2017 Quantifying the effect of investors' attention on stock market.
68  balance index
(5 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
ACL (1 time)
CMV (1 time)
COG (1 time)
1958 A red cell balance index (B. I.).
69  Barthel Index score
(5 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
BAEP (2 times)
IPL (2 times)
ADL (1 time)
1999 Brainstem auditory evoked potential in Japanese encephalitis.
70  bath immersion
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
IM (3 times)
PD (3 times)
SAV (3 times)
2004 Efficacy of Streptococcus agalactiae (group B) vaccine in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) by intraperitoneal and bath immersion administration.
71  before ischemia
(5 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
BR (2 times)
CAT (2 times)
BI/BR (1 time)
2004 Temporal changes in cerebral antioxidant enzyme activities after ischemia and reperfusion in a rat focal brain ischemia model: effect of dietary fish oil.
72  biocompatibility index
(5 times)
Military Medicine
(1 time)
BAC (2 times)
OCT (2 times)
PHMB (2 times)
2008 Biocompatibility index of antiseptic agents by parallel assessment of antimicrobial activity and cellular cytotoxicity.
73  Bisaro
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AL (5 times)
DE (1 time)
DSF (1 time)
2008 Genetic diversity in native and commercial breeds of pigs in Portugal assessed by microsatellites.
74  Bloodstream infections
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
GNB (2 times)
GPC (2 times)
ALL (1 time)
2005 Bloodstream infections and invasive mycoses in children undergoing acute leukaemia treatment: a 13-year experience at a single Italian institution.
75  bolus infusion
(5 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
CI (4 times)
AEs (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2004 Perioperative pharmacokinetics of cefotaxime in serum and bile during continuous and intermittent infusion in liver transplant patients.
76  breast implants
(5 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
CC (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
IQ (1 time)
2015 Aging of retrieved gel breast implants: a comparison between two product generations.
77  bronchitis index
(5 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(5 times)
BAL (1 time)
BMT (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
1992 Airway inflammation predicts diffuse alveolar hemorrhage during bone marrow transplantation in patients with Hodgkin disease.
78  bullous impetigo
(5 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
AD (1 time)
agr (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2012 Outbreak of bullous impetigo caused by Staphylococcus aureus strains of phage type 3C/71 in a maternity ward linked to nasal carriage of a healthcare worker.
79  1-benzylimidazole
(4 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
CYP (2 times)
PCB (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1975 Cardiovascular effects of 1-benzylimidazole.
80  baciloscopic index
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ENL (1 time)
MB (1 time)
MDT (1 time)
1999 Reactional states in multibacillary Hansen disease patients during multidrug therapy.
81  background infusion
(4 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
PCA (4 times)
CI (1 time)
SSS (1 time)
1993 Background infusion with patient-controlled analgesia: effect on postoperative oxyhaemoglobin saturation and pain control.
82  bacterial
(4 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CMV (1 time)
CT (1 time)
EMS-IDA-EPI (1 time)
1998 Computed tomographic study of paranasal sinuses in lepromatous leprosy.
83  band insulator
(4 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
MI (2 times)
eff (1 time)
SF (1 time)
2004 Exact bond ordered ground state for the transition between the band and the Mott insulator.
84  before induction
(4 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AI (3 times)
MEP (2 times)
AIP (1 time)
2012 Novel quantitative perfusion analysis with contrast-enhanced harmonic EUS for differentiation of autoimmune pancreatitis from pancreatic carcinoma.
85  behavioral inhibition to the unfamiliar
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
CRH (2 times)
SNPs (1 time)
2001 Genetic association analysis of behavioral inhibition using candidate loci from mouse models.
86  best intensity
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AT (2 times)
PI (2 times)
TTP (2 times)
1992 Pulse repetition rate and duration affect the responses of bat auditory cortical neurons.
87  bioactivity index
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
LTS (1 time)
PAI (1 time)
2002 Antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of common vegetables.
88  biochar
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
Ni (3 times)
RS (3 times)
CC (2 times)
2019 Rice straw, biochar and calcite incorporation enhance nickel (Ni) immobilization in contaminated soil and Ni removal capacity.
89  Bipolarity Index
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
BD (3 times)
MDD (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2011 Antidepressant-associated mania or hypomania: a comparison with personality and bipolarity features of bipolar I disorder.
90  blanking interval
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
CPA (1 time)
DI (1 time)
1981 [Studies on computer processing of fetal heart beat intervals with the comparison to several analyzing methods (author's transl)].
91  bone ingrowth
(4 times)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
BIC (1 time)
BICR (1 time)
2007 Influence of different implant surfaces on peri-implant osteogenesis: histomorphometric analysis in sheep.
92  bone involvement
(4 times)
Brachytherapy
(1 time)
ALL (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
2004 High frequency of bone/bone marrow involvement in advanced medullary thyroid cancer.
93  border irrigation
(4 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
WUE (2 times)
AFI (1 time)
CFI (1 time)
2000 Histology of the neobladder mucosa after sigmoidocolocystoplasty.
94  bounded integer
(4 times)
Drug Therapy
(4 times)
CV (3 times)
IRT (2 times)
TS (2 times)
2019 A Bounded Integer Model for Rating and Composite Scale Data.
95  bowel ischemia
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
EVAR (2 times)
AAA (1 time)
aOR (1 time)
1997 Protective effects of interleukin-11 in a murine model of ischemic bowel necrosis.
96  Brain invasion
(4 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
MI (1 time)
MII (1 time)
MIIa (1 time)
2018 Prediction of brain invasion in patients with meningiomas using preoperative magnetic resonance imaging.
97  brain irradiation
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AEs (1 time)
BCS (1 time)
CRT (1 time)
1983 Combined modality treatment of regional small cell undifferentiated carcinoma of the lung: a cooperative study of the RTOG and ECOG.
98  brittleness index
(4 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
SEM (2 times)
CF (1 time)
DTA (1 time)
2007 Brittleness index of machinable dental materials and its relation to the marginal chipping factor.
99  bronchoscopic interventions
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
COT (1 time)
HFJV (1 time)
1992 Comparison of three different methods used to achieve local anesthesia for fiberoptic bronchoscopy.
100  alpha-bromoisovaleric acid
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
BIU (2 times)
1987 Stereoselective glutathione conjugation and amidase-catalyzed hydrolysis of alpha-bromoisovalerylurea enantiomers in isolated rat hepatocytes.