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Abbreviation: BL
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Burkitt's lymphoma
(1603 times)
Neoplasms
(580 times)
EBV (528 times)
DLBCL (160 times)
NHL (106 times)
1968 Relation between Epstein-- Barr viral and cell membrane immunofluorescence in Burkitt tumor cells. II. Comparison of cells and sera from patients with Burkitt's lymphoma and infectious mononucleosis.
baseline
(666 times)
Physiology
(60 times)
FU (49 times)
HR (22 times)
MAP (21 times)
1978 Hypothalamic-pituitary responses to intracranial self-stimulation in the rat.
basolateral
(202 times)
Pharmacology
(67 times)
AP (136 times)
P-gp (18 times)
LA (16 times)
1977 Modulation of the proestrous surge of luteinizing hormone by electrochemical stimulation of the amygdala and hippocampus in the unanesthetized rat.
blue light
(200 times)
Botany
(58 times)
RL (33 times)
WL (27 times)
GL (19 times)
1981 Phytochrome-mediated effects of near-ultraviolet radiation in the induction of flowering in etiolated Lemna paucicostata T-101, a short-day plant.
body length
(170 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(28 times)
BW (53 times)
HW (25 times)
HG (19 times)
1982 Mechanocardiographic assessment of systolic time intervals in normal children.
borderline lepromatous
(137 times)
Tropical Medicine
(75 times)
BT (74 times)
LL (52 times)
ENL (20 times)
1975 Rifampin therapy of lepromatous leprosy.
basal lamina
(123 times)
Neurology
(23 times)
ECM (11 times)
BM (7 times)
TEM (7 times)
1972 Basal lamina: the scaffold for orderly cell replacement. Observations on regeneration of injured skeletal muscle fibers and capillaries.
brassinolide
(118 times)
Botany
(54 times)
BRs (49 times)
BR (28 times)
CS (13 times)
2000 Biosynthetic pathways of brassinolide in Arabidopsis.
bioluminescence
(98 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(23 times)
CL (11 times)
ATP (6 times)
CTZ (4 times)
1984 Immunoassay labels based on chemiluminescence and bioluminescence.
10  bone loss
(80 times)
Dentistry
(61 times)
PD (15 times)
CAL (13 times)
SRP (11 times)
1997 Damping characteristics of teeth with periodontal breakdown: correlation of mobility meter values with bone and attachment loss.
11  blood lactate
(79 times)
Sports Medicine
(29 times)
HR (39 times)
RPE (17 times)
RT (9 times)
1987 Pleural fluid lactate in pleural effusion.
12  buccolingual
(78 times)
Dentistry
(40 times)
MD (68 times)
CBCT (6 times)
CA (3 times)
1991 The reliability of human odontometric data.
13  beta-lactam
(72 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(20 times)
DPT (7 times)
ST (7 times)
CI (6 times)
1984 Effect of beta-lactamase of Staphylococcus intermedius on disk agar diffusion susceptibility tests.
14  bilateral
(69 times)
Physiology
(14 times)
UL (31 times)
ECT (26 times)
RUL (21 times)
1981 The role of the pneumotaxic mechanism in the tachypnea of pulmonary vagal origin.
15  blood loss
(61 times)
General Surgery
(13 times)
OT (11 times)
LOS (6 times)
EBL (5 times)
1986 A new nomogram facilitating adequate haemodilution.
16  bone level
(61 times)
Dentistry
(48 times)
TL (11 times)
PD (10 times)
PPD (10 times)
1997 Guided tissue regeneration in conjunction with hydroxyapatite-collagen grafts for intrabony defects. A clinical and radiological evaluation.
17  bronchial lavage
(46 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(19 times)
BAL (14 times)
COPD (6 times)
ECP (4 times)
1983 Total and specific IgE in serum, bronchial lavage and bronchoalveolar lavage of asthmatic patients.
18  birth length
(45 times)
Pediatrics
(12 times)
BW (37 times)
GA (16 times)
HC (14 times)
1985 A methodology for evaluating size at birth.
19  bleomycin
(45 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
SA (9 times)
BALF (7 times)
CD (7 times)
1981 Chromosomal aberrations in the peripheral lymphocytes of cancer patients treated with high-energy electrons and bleomycin.
20  bilayer
(44 times)
Chemistry
(13 times)
LbL (9 times)
ML (8 times)
CH (4 times)
2000 Strain relaxation in InAs/GaAs(111)A heteroepitaxy
21  bright light
(39 times)
Psychophysiology
(12 times)
DL (11 times)
SD (3 times)
KYN (2 times)
1986 Light treatment in depressive illness. Polysomnographic, psychometric and neuroendocrinological findings.
22  blastocyst
(34 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(20 times)
IVM (7 times)
CM (4 times)
ICM (4 times)
1991 Some factors affecting the efficacy of oviduct tissue-conditioned medium for the culture of early bovine embryos.
23  basal-like
(33 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
TNBC (16 times)
OS (6 times)
DFS (4 times)
2009 Basal-like subtype breast cancers in women older than 40 years of age.
24  borderline
(30 times)
Tropical Medicine
(6 times)
ONL (5 times)
AR (3 times)
MRA (3 times)
1981 Intralymphocytic sodium concentration: a sensitive index to identify young subjects at risk of hypertension.
25  blue
(28 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
RL (6 times)
MEL (3 times)
WL (3 times)
1972 The influence of blue light on dark-germinating seeds of Nemophila insignis.
26  blended learning
(27 times)
Education
(8 times)
SMD (3 times)
CI (2 times)
FGD (2 times)
2010 Designing appropriate blended courses: a students' perspective.
27  Bowman's layer
(25 times)
Ophthalmology
(19 times)
DM (5 times)
KC (4 times)
IVCM (3 times)
1991 High-voltage electron microscopy of normal human cornea.
28  black
(22 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
WH (4 times)
BP (2 times)
CA (2 times)
1981 Effect of holothurin on Trypanosoma musculi infection in three strains of mice.
29  blood
(22 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
LN (3 times)
MAP (3 times)
OF (2 times)
1982 Extrapulmonary effects of terbutaline during prolonged administration.
30  boundary layer
(22 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
FT (3 times)
LRT (2 times)
PM (2 times)
2000 Electron microscopy analysis of the boundary layer structure of SrTiO3 semiconducting ceramic
31  Burkitt lymphoma/leukemia
(20 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
BCP-ALL (4 times)
CR (2 times)
DLBCL (2 times)
1988 Cytogenetic studies of Burkitt lymphoma-leukemia in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
32  bladder
(18 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
ST (4 times)
APs (2 times)
CV (2 times)
1989 [Uptake of testosterone by tissues of human fetal prostatic rudiments].
33  basolateral amygdala
(16 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
Ce (4 times)
BNST (2 times)
DG (2 times)
1995 Amygdalo-entorhinal relations and their reflection in the hippocampal formation: generation of sharp sleep potentials.
34  Bifidobacterium longum
(16 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
LGG (3 times)
Bb (2 times)
HFD (2 times)
1999 Prevention of colon cancer by pre- and probiotics: evidence from laboratory studies.
35  blood lead
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
SL (3 times)
DST (2 times)
HRV (2 times)
1989 Nutritional evaluation of blood meal and feather meal for turkeys.
36  blind
(15 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
SVI (6 times)
GP (2 times)
AP3 (1 time)
1984 Differential responsiveness of the reproductive system of blind or melatonin-treated male hamsters to injections of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and/or prolactin.
37  basolateral nucleus
(14 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
Ce (3 times)
BM (2 times)
DBH (2 times)
1995 Amygdalar involvement in pain.
38  borrelial lymphocytoma
(14 times)
Communicable Diseases
(8 times)
ACA (6 times)
EM (6 times)
EMD (2 times)
1986 Clinical features of early erythema migrans disease and related disorders.
39  Bacillus licheniformis
(13 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
MDA (3 times)
aa (2 times)
Bs (2 times)
1994 Conservation of the 168 divIB gene in Bacillus subtilis W23 and B. licheniformis, and evidence for homology to ftsQ of Escherichia coli.
40  Bayesian LASSO
(13 times)
Genetics
(6 times)
GS (4 times)
GBLUP (3 times)
BRR (2 times)
2010 Extended Bayesian LASSO for multiple quantitative trait loci mapping and unobserved phenotype prediction.
41  benign lesions
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
HPV (2 times)
ML (2 times)
MN (2 times)
2003 Detection of the human papillomavirus and analysis of the TP53 polymorphism of exon 4 at codon 72 in penile squamous cell carcinomas.
42  black liquor
(13 times)
Technology
(7 times)
COD (3 times)
SCB (2 times)
ABL (1 time)
2005 Effect of Fenton's reagent on O/W emulsions stabilized by black liquor.
43  Blood lactate concentration
(13 times)
Sports Medicine
(9 times)
HR (8 times)
SL (3 times)
SR (3 times)
1989 Influence of body hair removal on physiological responses during breaststroke swimming.
44  broiler litter
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
FGDG (3 times)
FGD (2 times)
ADG (1 time)
1997 Mineral status in beef cows fed broiler litter diets with cation-anion differences or supplemented with hay.
45  B lymphocytes
(12 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
TL (3 times)
CLL (2 times)
NSCLC (2 times)
1985 Production of interleukin 1 activity by normal human peripheral blood B lymphocytes.
46  blood lymphocytes
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
LNL (2 times)
PHA (2 times)
3-AB (1 time)
1976 In vitro cell-mediated immune reactions of melanoma and colorectal carcinoma patients demonstrated by long-term 51chromium assays.
47  Bullard laryngoscope
(12 times)
Anesthesiology
(10 times)
MILS (2 times)
DL (1 time)
DLTs (1 time)
1994 Evaluation of the Bullard laryngoscope using the new intubating stylet: comparison with conventional laryngoscopy.
48  bilateral labyrinthectomy
(11 times)
Brain
(3 times)
SAD (4 times)
SNP (4 times)
p-ERK (3 times)
1987 Vestibular contribution to the orientation of cervico-ocular reflex in rabbit.
49  bile leakage
(11 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
BC (1 time)
BDI (1 time)
BS (1 time)
2011 Intraoperative cholangiography using an endoscopic nasobiliary tube during a laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
50  Burkitt's lymphoma cells
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
EBV (6 times)
LCL (5 times)
AML (1 time)
1976 Cell-mediated cytotoxicity as a result of immunotherapy in patients with acute myeloid leukaemia.
51  base layer
(10 times)
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
(3 times)
FL (2 times)
AK (1 time)
AS (1 time)
1987 Natural IgM and IgG autoantibodies to epidermal keratins in normal human sera. I: ELISA-titration, immunofluorescence study.
52  black light
(10 times)
Zoology
(3 times)
AFB1 (1 time)
AOP (1 time)
BLB (1 time)
1964 "BLACK LIGHT" INACTIVATION OF TRANSFORMING DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACID FROM HAEMOPHILUS INFLUENZAE.
53  to-basolateral
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
AP (9 times)
AT1-L (1 time)
BCRP (1 time)
1990 Transport of bile acids in a human intestinal epithelial cell line, Caco-2.
54  bacterial levan
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
Id (3 times)
mAb (2 times)
A48 Id (1 time)
1981 Neonatal treatment with low doses of anti-idiotypic antibody leads to the expression of a silent clone.
55  basal
(9 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
ESML (4 times)
AP (3 times)
EML (3 times)
1982 [Morphology and metabolism of human adipose tissues: relation to sex, body fat and level of training].
56  basolateral amygdaloid nucleus
(9 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
HRP (2 times)
AC (1 time)
Acb (1 time)
1982 Connections of the amygdala of the rat. IV: Corticoamygdaloid and intraamygdaloid connections as studied with axonal transport of horseradish peroxidase.
57  bifurcation lesions
(9 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
PCI (4 times)
SB (4 times)
DES (2 times)
2006 Percutaneous treatment of bifurcated lesions: a simple approach with a single bare metal R stent provides favourable long term clinical results.
58  bile leak
(9 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
AS (2 times)
BAS (2 times)
ERCP (2 times)
1998 Laparoscopic cholecystectomy: an analysis on 114,005 cases of United States series.
59  Burkitt's-like lymphoma
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
CR (3 times)
NHL (3 times)
ARL (1 time)
1984 Abdominal Burkitt-type lymphomas in Algeria.
60  baseline period
(8 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
ACT (1 time)
ASRT (1 time)
CBC (1 time)
1993 Effect of chronic electrical stimulation of the centromedian thalamic nuclei on various intractable seizure patterns: I. Clinical seizures and paroxysmal EEG activity.
61  beta-lactoglobulin
(8 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
NPPC (2 times)
AL (1 time)
DMSNs (1 time)
1979 IgE antibodies to peptic and peptic-tryptic digests of betalactoglobulin: significance in food hypersensitivity.
62  blindness
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
SVI (6 times)
CSC (1 time)
EVI (1 time)
1993 Causes of childhood blindness: results from west Africa, south India and Chile.
63  Border Leicester
(8 times)
Meat
(5 times)
PD (7 times)
BLM (5 times)
SNP (2 times)
1997 Differences in composition, muscularity, muscle:bone ratio and cut dimensions between six lamb genotypes.
64  Bray-Liebhafsky
(8 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
CSTR (2 times)
AA (1 time)
BR (1 time)
2007 Kinetic determination of morphine by means of Bray-Liebhafsky oscillatory reaction system using analyte pulse perturbation technique.
65  bacterial lysates
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
RRTI (2 times)
AAD (1 time)
AE (1 time)
2011 Oral administration of bacterial lysates attenuates experimental food allergy.
66  band ligation
(7 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
SCL (4 times)
OR (2 times)
BB (1 time)
1999 Band ligation vs endoscopic sclerotherapy in esophageal varices: a prospective randomized comparison.
67  basolateral nucleus of the amygdala
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
Ce (1 time)
CMT (1 time)
CRs (1 time)
1978 The basolateral amygdaloid projections to the neocortex in the cat.
68  biotic ligand
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
BLM (5 times)
CaBL (1 time)
CEC (1 time)
2005 Development of a chronic zinc biotic ligand model for Daphnia magna.
69  block length
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
INI (2 times)
BN (1 time)
BRVO (1 time)
1991 MULTILEVEL ANALYSIS OF MORPHOMETRIC DATA FROM NATURAL PLANT POPULATIONS: INSIGHTS INTO ONTOGENETIC, GENETIC, AND SELECTIVE CORRELATIONS IN DALECHAMPIA SCANDENS.
70  blocking layer
(7 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
DSSCs (3 times)
FTO (2 times)
PCL (2 times)
2011 Zero-order release of 5-fluorouracil from PCL-based films featuring trilayered structures for stent application.
71  blood lipid
(7 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
BP (3 times)
TC (3 times)
TG (3 times)
2000 [Relationship between ventricular arrhythmia and blood lipid in hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy].
72  borderline changes
(7 times)
Transplantation
(6 times)
AR (2 times)
ACR (1 time)
ATN (1 time)
2005 Significance of subclinical rejection in early renal allograft biopsies for chronic allograft dysfunction.
73  Borderline leprosy
(7 times)
Tropical Medicine
(3 times)
LL (4 times)
BT (3 times)
CBC (1 time)
1979 Immunological assessment of sera of leprosy patients.
74  bridging ligand
(7 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
DFT (2 times)
MLCT (2 times)
BAS (1 time)
2007 Dinuclear ruthenium(ii) complexes with flexible bridges as non-duplex DNA binding agents.
75  Burkitt leukemia/lymphoma
(7 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
BM (2 times)
CNS (2 times)
OS (2 times)
2004 The spectrum of lymphoma with 8q24 aberrations: a clinical, pathological and cytogenetic study of 87 consecutive cases.
76  baicalin
(6 times)
Pharmacy
(3 times)
ADME (1 time)
BA (1 time)
BLE (1 time)
2002 [Combination use of kampo-medicines and drugs affecting intestinal bacterial flora].
77  barley lectin
(6 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
CTPP (2 times)
Spo (1 time)
TBs (1 time)
1993 Crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction studies of recombinant barley lectin and pro-barley lectin.
78  bending length
(6 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BA (4 times)
MRA (3 times)
BAL (2 times)
2004 Measurement of basilar artery bending and elongation by magnetic resonance cerebral angiography: relationship to age, sex and vertebral artery dominance.
79  Bifidobacterium lactis
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
MLN (4 times)
BT (3 times)
NNT (3 times)
2002 Probiotic supplementation reduces the risk of bacterial translocation in experimental short bowel syndrome.
80  bleeding
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
NBL (2 times)
PR (2 times)
TF (2 times)
2000 The role of tissue factor in regulating endometrial haemostasis: implications for progestin-only contraception.
81  blepharospasm
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CD (3 times)
BTX (2 times)
BoNT (1 time)
1993 Longitudinal experience with botulinum toxin injections for treatment of blepharospasm and cervical dystonia.
82  Bubble liposomes
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
US (4 times)
DDS (1 time)
DOX (1 time)
2007 A novel bubble liposome and ultrasound-mediated gene transfer to ocular surface: RC-1 cells in vitro and conjunctiva in vivo.
83  bacterial luciferase
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
4BMBP (1 time)
FMN (1 time)
1993 Halothane binding to soluble proteins determined by photoaffinity labeling.
84  bare land
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CS (1 time)
DP (1 time)
EP (1 time)
2018 Effects of soil water and heat relationship under various snow cover during freezing-thawing periods in Songnen Plain, China.
85  beta-lactam antibiotics
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
DPTs (2 times)
DHR (1 time)
HS (1 time)
2016 Non-immediate hypersensitivity reactions to beta-lactam antibiotics in children - our 10-year experience in allergy work-up.
86  betaine lipids
(5 times)
Botany
(3 times)
DGCC (3 times)
DGTA (3 times)
PL (3 times)
2013 Differences in betaine lipids and fatty acids between Pseudoisochrysis paradoxa VLP and Diacronema vlkianum VLP isolates (Haptophyta).
87  biliary leakage
(5 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
ALP (1 time)
BAS (1 time)
BMV (1 time)
2009 [Diagnosis of biliary leakage after laparoscopic cholecystectomy in aspect of indication to endoscopic treatment].
88  biliary lithiasis
(5 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
BMI (2 times)
HD (2 times)
BP (1 time)
1992 Prevalence of biliary lithiasis in the elderly people of a small town in Sicily.
89  bilirubin
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CAT (2 times)
GGT (2 times)
SOD (2 times)
1987 A comparison of uridine diphosphate-glucuronosyl-transferase and other drug metabolizing enzyme activities between two mutant strains of Wistar rats with a genetic deficiency in bilirubin or androsterone glucuronidation.
90  biochemical leak
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
POPF (4 times)
DP (2 times)
PD (2 times)
2019 The evolution of post-operative pancreatic fistula (POPF) classification: A single-center experience.
91  biochemical limitation
(5 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(3 times)
SL (3 times)
MCL (2 times)
ABS/RC (1 time)
2012 Photosynthetic sensitivity to drought varies among populations of Quercus ilex along a rainfall gradient.
92  bioreactor landfill
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
CL (2 times)
NBL (2 times)
RL (2 times)
2007 Effects of in situ nitrogen removal on degradation/stabilization of MSW in bioreactor landfill.
93  bladder meridian
(5 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
EA (2 times)
GV (2 times)
BMD (1 time)
2010 Changes in nitric oxide, cGMP, and nitrotyrosine concentrations over skin along the meridians in obese subjects.
94  blue LED
(5 times)
Phototherapy
(2 times)
aPDT (3 times)
CFUs (3 times)
RB (3 times)
2013 Antimicrobial effect of photodynamic therapy using high-power blue light-emitting diode and red-dye agent on Porphyromonas gingivalis.
95  body lesions
(5 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
ERT (1 time)
FEM (1 time)
1989 Mechanisms of bone destruction in multiple myeloma: the importance of an unbalanced process in determining the severity of lytic bone disease.
96  bound leptin
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
BMI (3 times)
FL (3 times)
FPLC (2 times)
2001 Effects of insulin and glucocorticoids on the leptin system are mediated through free leptin.
97  brain lesions
(5 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CNS (2 times)
HC (2 times)
MS (2 times)
1994 Prevention of brain demyelination in rats after excessive correction of chronic hyponatremia by serum sodium lowering.
98  Brown line
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
SL (4 times)
SLV (3 times)
HVT (1 time)
1996 Alterations in blood leukocyte populations in Smyth line chickens with autoimmune vitiligo.
99  buffer layer
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
Eu (1 time)
1986 Platelets, leucocytes and buffy layer vitamin C after surgery.
100  Burkitt leukemia
(5 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
CC (1 time)
EOI (1 time)
FAB (1 time)
2008 [The cytogenetic features of Burkitt leukemia].