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Abbreviation: BP
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
blood pressure
(34537 times)
Vascular Diseases
(10467 times)
HR (4257 times)
SBP (3437 times)
DBP (2376 times)
1973 Effects of a false neurotransmitter, p-hydroxynorephedrine, on the function of adrenergic neurons in hypertensive patients.
bullous pemphigoid
(1271 times)
Dermatology
(809 times)
PV (105 times)
BMZ (86 times)
ELISA (61 times)
1975 Diagnostic significance of the immunofluorescent pattern in dermatitis herpetiformis.
benzo(a)pyrene
(1205 times)
Neoplasms
(400 times)
DMBA (103 times)
PAH (79 times)
AHH (66 times)
1967 Factors influencing the photodynamic action of benzo[a]pyrene on Escherichia coli.
black phosphorus
(729 times)
Nanotechnology
(249 times)
NIR (25 times)
FETs (19 times)
h-BN (19 times)
2014 Polarized photocurrent response in black phosphorus field-effect transistors.
bisphosphonate
(597 times)
Dentistry
(132 times)
ONJ (76 times)
BRONJ (67 times)
BMD (50 times)
1969 Genetic investigation of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of jaw (BRONJ) via whole exome sequencing and bioinformatics.
bipolar disorder
(445 times)
Psychiatry
(284 times)
SZ (68 times)
MDD (54 times)
HC (28 times)
1988 [Predictive factors in the bipolarization of depressive disorders].
back propagation
(399 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(74 times)
ANN (48 times)
PCA (27 times)
SVM (27 times)
1989 Circular-array ultrasound holography imaging using the linear-array approach.
binding potential
(375 times)
Neurology
(125 times)
PET (153 times)
DA (41 times)
PD (24 times)
1991 Kinetic analysis of transport and opioid receptor binding of [3H](-)-cyclofoxy in rat brain in vivo: implications for human studies.
binding protein
(268 times)
Endocrinology
(67 times)
IGF (79 times)
GH (41 times)
IGF-I (21 times)
1979 Human C4-binding protein. Association with immune complexes in vitro and in vivo.
10  basic protein
(235 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(109 times)
EAE (100 times)
MS (26 times)
CFA (24 times)
1970 Enhanced immunogenicity of altered encephalitogenic protein.
11  bodily pain
(210 times)
Orthopedics
(27 times)
PF (122 times)
GH (97 times)
SF (93 times)
1995 Health-related quality of life in patients with major depression who are treated with moclobemide.
12  bench press
(197 times)
Physiology
(98 times)
LP (33 times)
SQ (30 times)
RT (21 times)
1988 Intra-abdominal and intra-thoracic pressures during lifting and jumping.
13  benzophenone
(195 times)
Chemistry
(68 times)
UV (19 times)
BP-3 (10 times)
BP-2 (8 times)
1986 Phosphorescence characteristics of acetophenone, benzophenone, p-aminobenzophenone and Michler's ketone in various environments.
14  bipolar
(177 times)
Psychiatry
(83 times)
UP (38 times)
MP (23 times)
SZ (23 times)
1977 "Organic" and "psychotic" symptoms in unipolar (up) vs bipolar (bp) depressions.
15  biological process
(167 times)
Molecular Biology
(16 times)
GO (89 times)
MF (74 times)
CC (70 times)
1995 Reoperation in biological and mechanical valve populations: fate of the reoperative patient.
16  blast phase
(140 times)
Neoplasms
(60 times)
CML (113 times)
CP (73 times)
AP (60 times)
1980 Chromosomes and causation of human cancer and leukemia: XXXIX. Usual and unusual findings in Ph1-positive CML.
17  Bereitschaftspotential
(137 times)
Neurology
(74 times)
SMA (19 times)
CNV (15 times)
EEG (14 times)
1978 Bereitschaftspontential during the acquisition of a skilled motor task.
18  back pain
(100 times)
Orthopedics
(24 times)
ODI (14 times)
LP (13 times)
CI (11 times)
1994 Back pain and associated factors in French nurses.
19  Bell's palsy
(97 times)
Neurology
(29 times)
HB (13 times)
NLR (7 times)
RHS (6 times)
1983 Peripheral blood T and B lymphocyte subpopulations in Bell's palsy.
20  biphenyl
(95 times)
Chemistry
(23 times)
PCB (10 times)
BPA (7 times)
PCBs (7 times)
1982 Involvement of plasmids in total degradation of chlorinated biphenyls.
21  bovine pericardium
(93 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(29 times)
GA (15 times)
SDS (8 times)
ECM (7 times)
1987 Comparative studies of prosthetic materials in the left atrium of the dog.
22  before present
(91 times)
Science
(31 times)
mtDNA (5 times)
LGM (3 times)
ALFRESCO (1 time)
1978 Past glacial activity in the canadian high arctic.
23  brachial plexus
(89 times)
Radiology
(14 times)
CT (6 times)
IMRT (5 times)
PNS (4 times)
1993 Motor evoked potentials following cervical electrical stimulation in brachial plexus lesions.
24  butylparaben
(78 times)
Environmental Health
(36 times)
MP (46 times)
PP (42 times)
EP (35 times)
1994 Comparative analysis of percutaneous absorption enhancement by d-limonene and oleic acid based on a skin diffusion model.
25  benzoyl peroxide
(72 times)
Dermatology
(25 times)
HP (9 times)
BA (4 times)
PPF (3 times)
1981 Contact sensitization to benzoyl peroxide.
26  blood plasma
(62 times)
Drug Therapy
(14 times)
SP (25 times)
CVF (9 times)
HIV (8 times)
1991 [Changes in antiproteolytic activity in blood and ovarian follicular fluid in 3 breeds of sheep after stimulation of superovulation].
27  British Pharmacopoeia
(54 times)
Pharmacology
(18 times)
USP (11 times)
EP (3 times)
ICH (3 times)
1978 The development of British pharmacopoeia monographs for idoxuridine and idoxuridine eye drops using high-pressure liquid chromatography for assay and for controlling related impurities.
28  beet pulp
(52 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(35 times)
TDF (8 times)
CS (5 times)
SCFA (5 times)
1987 Energy utilization of sodium hydroxide treated or untreated straw supplemented with protein or concentrates by adult sheep. 1. Feed intake, digestibility, metabolizability and net energy value.
29  bursting pressure
(51 times)
General Surgery
(25 times)
HP (8 times)
BWT (5 times)
5-FU (3 times)
1986 Effects of intraluminal infusion of short-chain fatty acids on the healing of colonic anastomosis in the rat.
30  break point
(50 times)
Psychopharmacology
(11 times)
PR (8 times)
FISH (3 times)
MS-MLPA (3 times)
1986 Different break-points in Philadelphia chromosome variant translocations and in constitutional and sporadic translocations.
31  benzylpenicillin
(49 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(20 times)
AX (14 times)
BPO (11 times)
AMP (6 times)
1976 The penicillin antigens: presentation in the leucocyte migration test (a study with penicillin and penicilloylated proteins).
32  n-butylidenephthalide
(49 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
GBM (8 times)
LPPC (4 times)
ADSCs (3 times)
1995 The structure-activity relationship between synthetic butylidenephthalide derivatives regarding the competence and progression of inhibition in primary cultures proliferation of mouse aorta smooth muscle cells.
33  basilar papilla
(40 times)
Audiology
(14 times)
AP (8 times)
DPOAEs (4 times)
HCs (3 times)
1990 Hair cell and supporting cell response to acoustic trauma in the chick cochlea.
34  Bowenoid papulosis
(39 times)
Dermatology
(18 times)
HPV (17 times)
BD (6 times)
SCC (6 times)
1984 Bowenoid papulosis. Demonstration of human papillomavirus (HPV) with anti-HPV immune serum.
35  BREVIPEDICELLUS
(38 times)
Botany
(21 times)
STM (13 times)
KNOX (11 times)
AS1 (8 times)
2003 The knotted1-like homeobox gene BREVIPEDICELLUS regulates cell differentiation by modulating metabolic pathways.
36  belief propagation
(37 times)
Medical Informatics
(12 times)
MAP (3 times)
MRF (3 times)
DMN (2 times)
2002 CCCP algorithms to minimize the Bethe and Kikuchi free energies: convergent alternatives to belief propagation.
37  bacterial pneumonia
(33 times)
Internal Medicine
(6 times)
PCP (8 times)
CRP (7 times)
CI (6 times)
1988 Risk assessment for acquiring meningitis tuberculosis among children not vaccinated with BCG: a case-control study.
38  bacterial production
(32 times)
Microbiology
(12 times)
BGE (7 times)
DOC (5 times)
BR (3 times)
2002 Longitudinal and vertical trends of bacterial limitation by phosphorus and carbon in the Mediterranean Sea.
39  Blackburne-Peel
(32 times)
Orthopedics
(21 times)
IS (26 times)
CD (20 times)
MIS (10 times)
1998 A comparison of three methods for measuring patella malalignment in children.
40  boiling point
(32 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
MP (6 times)
QSPR (4 times)
CN (2 times)
1994 Identification of hepatic mitogenic and cytochrome P-450-inducing fractions of unleaded gasoline in B6C3F1 mice.
41  bioprostheses
(31 times)
Cardiology
(22 times)
MP (13 times)
AVR (7 times)
AS (3 times)
1983 Glutaraldehyde-preserved porcine bioprosthesis. Factors affecting performance as determined by pathologic studies.
42  Bragg peak
(31 times)
Biophysics
(24 times)
PG (5 times)
RBE (5 times)
MC (4 times)
2003 In vivo response to the different LET regions of a 55 MeV helium ion beam.
43  branch point
(31 times)
Molecular Biology
(9 times)
AERD (2 times)
ATA (2 times)
AW (2 times)
1995 Branchpoint and polypyrimidine tract mutations mediating the loss and partial recovery of the Moloney murine sarcoma virus MuSVts110 thermosensitive splicing phenotype.
44  back projection
(28 times)
Biophysics
(10 times)
ASF (4 times)
FBP (4 times)
DBT (3 times)
2004 [Characterization of the difference between filtered back projection and ordered subsets expectation maximization in spect images using the Wavelet Transform].
45  bipolar patients
(28 times)
Psychiatry
(16 times)
HC (5 times)
BD (4 times)
HS (3 times)
1998 Association between the GABA(A) receptor alpha5 subunit gene locus (GABRA5) and bipolar affective disorder.
46  biodegradable polymer
(27 times)
Cardiology
(18 times)
DES (15 times)
ST (12 times)
DP (11 times)
2008 Randomized trial of three rapamycin-eluting stents with different coating strategies for the reduction of coronary restenosis.
47  bee pollen
(26 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
BB (4 times)
GST (3 times)
PRO (3 times)
1981 Variation for 2n pollen production in clones of Solanum phureja Juz. and Buk.
48  borderline personality
(23 times)
Psychiatry
(11 times)
ADHD (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
CU (1 time)
1983 The borderline syndrome. I. Testing three diagnostic systems.
49  bowel preparation
(23 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
CI (5 times)
OR (4 times)
PEG (4 times)
2010 No advantage is gained by preoperative bowel preparation in radical cystectomy and ileal conduit: a randomized controlled trial of 86 patients.
50  Bayley-Pinneau
(22 times)
Pediatrics
(10 times)
RWT (11 times)
BA (4 times)
CA (4 times)
1979 Prediction of adult height with various methods in Finnish children.
51  bipolar affective disorder
(22 times)
Genetics, Medical
(7 times)
GWASs (2 times)
SCZ (2 times)
ADHD (1 time)
1995 A weak association between TH and DRD2 genes and bipolar affective disorder in a Spanish sample.
52  birch pollen
(22 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(18 times)
IL (4 times)
AHR (3 times)
BPE (2 times)
1979 Immunotherapy in spring-time hay fever. A clinical and immunological study comparing two different treatment extract compositions.
53  blood pool
(20 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(9 times)
LV (5 times)
BF (3 times)
CMR (3 times)
1994 The value of thallium and three-phase bone scans in the evaluation of bone and soft tissue sarcomas.
54  banana peel
(19 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
AP (1 time)
BB9 (1 time)
BN (1 time)
2014 Biomass-derived highly porous functional carbon fabricated by using a free-standing template for efficient removal of methylene blue.
55  blue phase
(19 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
PBG (2 times)
Ps (2 times)
PSBP (2 times)
2010 Electrically switched color with polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals.
56  boron phosphide
(18 times)
Biophysics
(8 times)
BAs (2 times)
BN (2 times)
AIMD (1 time)
2013 A comparative study on carbon, boron-nitride, boron-phosphide and silicon-carbide nanotubes based on surface electrostatic potentials and average local ionization energies.
57  back propagation neural network
(17 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(4 times)
SVM (5 times)
ELM (4 times)
MAE (4 times)
2002 Analysis of the information content in Sonoclot data and reconstruction of coagulation test variables.
58  benzopyrene
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
4NQO (2 times)
AhR (2 times)
DMBA (2 times)
1975 Interactions of heme with hepatic microsomal mono-oxygenase. Effect on benzpyrene hydroxylation.
59  biliopancreatic
(17 times)
General Surgery
(9 times)
RYGB (4 times)
DJB (2 times)
EWL (2 times)
1994 [Our experience with the diagnosis and treatment of biliary pancreatitis].
60  biopolymer
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
HS (5 times)
UF (4 times)
DOC (3 times)
2003 Pilot scale field test for compostable packaging materials in the City of Kassel, Germany.
61  boson peak
(17 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
CD (1 time)
DOS (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
2000 Nature of the short wavelength excitations in vitreous silica: An X-Ray brillouin scattering study
62  Brazilian Portuguese
(17 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(8 times)
EP (3 times)
AAA (1 time)
AE (1 time)
2003 Early sound patterns in the speech of two Brazilian Portuguese speakers.
63  bupivacaine
(17 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
HM (3 times)
PLGA (3 times)
LA (2 times)
1984 The influence of 2-chloroprocaine on the subsequent analgesic potency of bupivacaine.
64  biopterin
(16 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
NP (6 times)
DA (3 times)
TH (3 times)
1988 Nerve growth factor transiently increases tetrahydrobiopterin and total biopterin contents of pheochromocytoma PC12h cells.
65  buckypaper
(16 times)
Nanotechnology
(4 times)
MWCNTs (3 times)
CNTs (2 times)
PVA (2 times)
2009 Multiwalled carbon nanotube buckypaper: toxicology and biological effects in vitro and in vivo.
66  behavior problems
(15 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
BI (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CBCL (1 time)
1987 Development of self-perceived risk behaviour and psychosomatic symptoms in adolescents: a longitudinal approach.
67  blanking period
(15 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
AF (9 times)
PVI (9 times)
AT (3 times)
2014 Second-generation cryoballoon ablation for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation: 1-year follow-up.
68  breaking point
(15 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
PR (7 times)
ACh (1 time)
BB (1 time)
1992 [Dyspnea sensation and chemical control of breathing].
69  bronchopulmonary
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
GI (4 times)
NETs (4 times)
GEP (3 times)
1978 Bronchopulmonary macrophage activation in the pathogenesis of hypersensitivity pneumonitis.
70  Baird-Parker
(14 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
MS (2 times)
RPFA (2 times)
B-P (1 time)
1981 Use of Baird-Parker's Medium to Enumerate Staphylococcus aureus in Meats 1.
71  blood pressure levels
(14 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
AH (2 times)
BMI (2 times)
DBP (2 times)
1995 [Structural and functional changes in the heart of the hypertensive patient. An echocardiographic study].
72  bronchopneumonia
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
TUS (4 times)
AIP (2 times)
CI (2 times)
2001 [Chest radiograph of atypical pneumonia: comparison among Chlamydia pneumoniae. Pneumonia, ornithosis, and Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia].
73  barometric pressure
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
WS (3 times)
FFT (2 times)
HR (2 times)
1994 Estimation of unmeasured particulate air pollution data for an epidemiological study of daily respiratory morbidity.
74  Biliary papillomatosis
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
ERC (2 times)
CBD (1 time)
CCF (1 time)
1999 Biliary papillomatosis: clinical, cholangiographic and cholangioscopic findings.
75  block periodization
(12 times)
Sports Medicine
(8 times)
TP (4 times)
HIT (3 times)
LIT (3 times)
2008 Block periodization versus traditional training theory: a review.
76  breakthrough pain
(12 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
OTFC (2 times)
VAS (2 times)
AHCPR (1 time)
2002 Palliative care and hospice opioid dosing guidelines with breakthrough pain (BP) doses.
77  British Petroleum
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
ALP (4 times)
AST (4 times)
BUN (4 times)
2005 Planning, implementation and optimization of future space missions using an immersive visualization environment (IVE) machine.
78  4,4'-bipyridine
(11 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
AFM (1 time)
BBB (1 time)
BBPR (1 time)
1991 Silver-island films as substrates for enhanced Raman scattering: effect of deposition rate on intensity.
79  bacterial peritonitis
(11 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
PD (4 times)
FP (3 times)
SBP (2 times)
1985 The diagnosis of bacterial peritonitis: comparison of pH, lactate concentration and leukocyte count.
80  basal pressure
(11 times)
Urology
(3 times)
BC (4 times)
MV (4 times)
SO (4 times)
1991 [Effect of drugs on endoscopic manometry of the sphincter of Oddi].
81  benzene poisoning
(11 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
SNPs (5 times)
C/T (3 times)
PCR-RFLP (2 times)
1997 Benzene poisoning, a risk factor for hematological malignancy, is associated with the NQO1 609C-->T mutation and rapid fractional excretion of chlorzoxazone.
82  between-person
(11 times)
Geriatrics
(3 times)
WP (10 times)
NHANES (2 times)
BPSD (1 time)
2006 Intraindividual coupling of daily stress and cognition.
83  4-tert-butylphenol
(10 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
OP (6 times)
BPA (3 times)
NP (3 times)
1988 Effects of p-tert-butylphenyl trans-4-guanidinomethylcyclohexane carboxylate hydrochloride (NCO-650) and its metabolite, p-tert-butylphenol(BP) on drug-metabolizing enzymes and fine structure in rat liver.
84  biochemical pregnancy
(10 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(8 times)
CP (4 times)
DFI (4 times)
SCSA (4 times)
2004 The predictive value of sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA) parameters for the outcome of intrauterine insemination, IVF and ICSI.
85  biodegradable plastic
(10 times)
Biotechnology
(5 times)
PBSA (6 times)
PBS (3 times)
PaE (2 times)
2012 Behavior of solid carbon sources for biological denitrification in groundwater remediation.
86  biomass productivity
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
LP (2 times)
PBR (2 times)
AH (1 time)
2008 In search of a reliable technique for the determination of the biological stability of the organic matter in the mechanical-biological treated waste.
87  bleeding on probing
(10 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
PD (6 times)
PI (4 times)
CAL (3 times)
2002 Effectiveness of metronidazole gel on cyclosporine-induced gingival overgrowth in heart transplant patients.
88  Brillouin pump
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
SBS (3 times)
BEFL (2 times)
SMF (2 times)
2008 Linear cavity Brillouin fiber laser with improved characteristics.
89  self-blood pressure
(10 times)
Vascular Diseases
(6 times)
ABPM (3 times)
AASK (1 time)
ACE (1 time)
2001 Rapid adjustment of antihypertensive drugs produces a durable improvement in blood pressure.
90  brain parenchyma
(9 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
EDSS (3 times)
MS (3 times)
SPMS (3 times)
2010 Automated segmentation method of white matter and gray matter regions with multiple sclerosis lesions in MR images.
91  bacteriophages
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
BD (1 time)
BWG (1 time)
CE (1 time)
2001 Bacteriophage therapy of bacterial infections: an update of our institute's experience.
92  basis pursuit
(8 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(1 time)
MP (2 times)
OMP (2 times)
AW-LS (1 time)
2000 Application of adaptive time-frequency decomposition in ultrasonic NDE of highly-scattering materials.
93  bioabsorbable polymer
(8 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
DP (5 times)
ST (4 times)
DES (3 times)
2013 Clinical outcomes with bioabsorbable polymer- versus durable polymer-based drug-eluting and bare-metal stents: evidence from a comprehensive network meta-analysis.
94  biparietal
(8 times)
Perinatology
(2 times)
SM (3 times)
AP (2 times)
OFC (2 times)
1978 Comparison of fetal maturity evaluation with ultrasonic biparietal diameter and amniotic fluid lecithin-sphingomyelin ratio.
95  biphasic
(8 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
MP (5 times)
AF (1 time)
CB (1 time)
1992 The impact of converting to a biphasic blood-culture system on the overall cost and the incidence of pseudobacteremia.
96  bladder pressure
(8 times)
Urology
(4 times)
ACS (2 times)
IAP (2 times)
BA (1 time)
1983 Influence of diuresis on the degree of vesicoureteral reflux. An experimental investigation in rats.
97  brachial plexopathy
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
EMG (2 times)
LSP (2 times)
NCS (2 times)
1992 Sensory nerve abnormalities in brachial plexopathy.
98  bypass
(8 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
PR (2 times)
AAs (1 time)
CCK (1 time)
1990 Comparative effect of distal and proximal intestinal resection and bypass on the rat exocrine pancreas.
99  bacterial prostatitis
(7 times)
Urology
(4 times)
BPH (3 times)
AGBI (1 time)
AP (1 time)
1996 [A possible therapeutic improvement of the antibacterial effect by monitoring the production of leukocyte free oxygen radicals during antibiotic treatment of infertile patients with chronic bacterial prostatitis].
100  bacterioplankton production
(7 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
BEF (1 time)
BGE (1 time)
BR (1 time)
2004 Abiotic and biotic factors regulating dynamics of bacterioplankton in a large shallow lake.