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Abbreviation: BR
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Long forms: 841

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
brassinosteroid
(684 times)
Botany
(294 times)
ABA (72 times)
BRI1 (53 times)
BZR1 (45 times)
1984 The influence of brassinosteroid on growth and parameters of photosynthesis of wheat and mustard plants.
bilirubin
(195 times)
Biochemistry
(51 times)
BV (40 times)
CO (24 times)
HO-1 (23 times)
1975 Hepatic organic anion uptake in the rat.
blink reflex
(186 times)
Neurology
(117 times)
MS (9 times)
BAEP (8 times)
PD (8 times)
1979 Brain stem auditory evoked potentials and blink reflexes in quiescent multiple sclerosis.
bed rest
(166 times)
Physiology
(83 times)
HDT (13 times)
CSA (11 times)
CON (9 times)
1977 Insulin and glucose responses during bed rest with isotonic and isometric exercise.
breast reconstruction
(150 times)
General Surgery
(64 times)
IBR (12 times)
QoL (12 times)
BC (11 times)
1989 [Long-term results following breast reconstruction].
bendamustine and rituximab
(122 times)
Neoplasms
(48 times)
CLL (40 times)
PFS (34 times)
OS (27 times)
2005 Bendamustine plus rituximab is effective and has a favorable toxicity profile in the treatment of mantle cell and low-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
Britton-Robinson
(118 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(44 times)
CV (17 times)
DPV (14 times)
RRS (13 times)
2000 Indirect polarographic and cathodic stripping voltammetric determination of cefaclor as an alkaline degradation product.
brachioradialis
(100 times)
Physiology
(37 times)
BB (33 times)
EMG (18 times)
MVC (16 times)
1979 [Organization of reflex responses elicited in man by muscle stretch applied to uni- and bi-functional muscles].
breathing rate
(86 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(22 times)
HR (42 times)
ECG (9 times)
HRV (6 times)
1984 Developmental changes in ventilation and breathing pattern in unanesthetized kittens.
10  biochemical response
(84 times)
Neoplasms
(18 times)
VR (24 times)
IFN (14 times)
CHB (13 times)
2000 [Coinfection with hepatitis G virus in chronic hepatitis C. Response to treatment with interferon alpha].
11  brown rice
(76 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(24 times)
WR (27 times)
GBR (18 times)
PGBR (8 times)
1999 Efficiency of utilisation of energy from maize- and broken rice-based diets in old White Leghorn and Rhode Island Red laying hens.
12  borderline resectable
(72 times)
Neoplasms
(27 times)
PDAC (29 times)
LA (28 times)
OS (21 times)
2013 Aggressive surgery for borderline resectable pancreatic cancer: evaluation of National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines.
13  Balbiani ring
(71 times)
Molecular Biology
(31 times)
NPC (7 times)
RNP (7 times)
hnRNP (4 times)
1975 Puffing patterns during the fourth larval instar in Chironomus pallidivittatus salivary glands.
14  buckling ratio
(66 times)
Metabolism
(31 times)
CSA (48 times)
BMD (32 times)
CT (31 times)
2005 Association analysis of estrogen receptor alpha gene polymorphisms with cross-sectional geometry of the femoral neck in Caucasian nuclear families.
15  biochemical recurrence
(64 times)
Urology
(28 times)
RP (24 times)
PCa (16 times)
PSA (15 times)
2006 Impact of surgical margin status on long-term cancer control after radical prostatectomy.
16  bronchial responsiveness
(59 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(29 times)
BHR (9 times)
FVC (4 times)
IgE (4 times)
1982 Release of histamine from leucocytes and its determinants in vitro in relation to bronchial responsiveness to inhaled histamine and exercise in vivo.
17  beetroot juice
(56 times)
Physiology
(23 times)
PL (23 times)
TT (10 times)
NO (7 times)
2009 Dietary nitrate supplementation reduces the O2 cost of low-intensity exercise and enhances tolerance to high-intensity exercise in humans.
18  brassinolide
(49 times)
Botany
(15 times)
ABA (19 times)
IAA (9 times)
DEGs (8 times)
1992 Effect of brassinolide on gene expression in elongating soybean epicotyls.
19  binocular rivalry
(46 times)
Ophthalmology
(15 times)
CFS (7 times)
BD (3 times)
ADHD (2 times)
1996 Scalp distribution of the attenuated EEG rhythmic activities for dissimilar and/or moving images in binocular vision.
20  bone resorption
(38 times)
General Surgery
(11 times)
GI (4 times)
BF (3 times)
BMD (3 times)
1979 Decreased exercise hyperpnea in patients with bilateral carotid chemoreceptor resection.
21  basal respiration
(34 times)
Environmental Health
(23 times)
MBC (11 times)
SIR (9 times)
SOC (6 times)
2003 Monitoring microbial biomass and respiration in different soils from the Czech Republic--a summary of results.
22  blink rate
(30 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
PD (8 times)
H-Y (4 times)
TBUT (4 times)
1993 Blinking, alpha brain waves and smoking in schizophrenia.
23  basic region
(26 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
AMIC (3 times)
HLH (3 times)
LZ (3 times)
1993 Activation of gene transcription by the amino terminus of the N-Myc protein does not require association with the protein encoded by the retinoblastoma suppressor gene RB1.
24  Benzamide riboside
(23 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
IMPDH (9 times)
BAD (4 times)
TR (4 times)
1996 Biochemical consequences of resistance to a recently discovered IMP dehydrogenase inhibitor, benzamide riboside, in human myelogenous leukemia K562 cells.
25  baroreflex
(22 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
BP (7 times)
AP (5 times)
HR (5 times)
1994 Evaluation of spontaneous baroreflex modulation of sinus node during isometric exercise in healthy humans.
26  before Ramadan
(22 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
AR (11 times)
RPE (7 times)
FI (5 times)
2007 Effect of Ramadan on the diurnal variation in short-term high power output.
27  benefit-risk
(22 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
CIS (2 times)
ICH (2 times)
PBRER (2 times)
2009 Measuring benefit and balancing risk: strategies for the benefit-risk assessment of new medicines in a risk-averse environment.
28  binding ratio
(22 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
DAT (4 times)
PD (3 times)
EEGs (2 times)
1983 Detection and persistence of specific IgA antibodies in serum of patients with hepatitis A by capture radioimmunoassay.
29  brainstem raphe
(22 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
TCS (20 times)
PD (7 times)
SN (6 times)
2006 Overactive bladder in Parkinson's disease: alteration of brainstem raphe detected by transcranial sonography.
30  bronchiectasis
(22 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(10 times)
RA (12 times)
RF (3 times)
CF (2 times)
1991 Ultrafast computerized tomography of the chest in cystic fibrosis: a new scoring system.
31  biogas residue
(18 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
Cd (2 times)
MR (2 times)
MS (2 times)
2011 Discriminating multiple impacts of biogas residues amendment in selectively decontaminating chloroacetanilide herbicides.
32  bauxite residue
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
BRDAs (2 times)
SILP (2 times)
AC (1 time)
2016 The role of nano-perovskite in the negligible thorium release in seawater from Greek bauxite residue (red mud).
33  ball release
(16 times)
Sports Medicine
(11 times)
FC (2 times)
FFC (2 times)
MIR (2 times)
2007 Adolescent baseball pitching technique: a detailed three-dimensional biomechanical analysis.
34  beetroot
(16 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
PL (8 times)
NO (4 times)
BP (2 times)
2011 Dietary nitrate supplementation enhances exercise performance in peripheral arterial disease.
35  base rate
(15 times)
Psychology
(11 times)
MCMI-II (3 times)
MCMI-III (3 times)
MCMI (2 times)
1990 Validity of the MCMI Drug Abuse Scale with drug abusing and psychiatric samples.
36  bound residues
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(13 times)
ER (4 times)
HA (2 times)
ALS (1 time)
2002 Characterization of the atrazine's bound (nonextractable) residues using fractionation techniques for soil organic matter.
37  brain
(15 times)
Biology
(2 times)
Li (3 times)
HE (2 times)
KI (2 times)
1982 Effects of diethyldithiocarbamate on organ distribution and excretion of cadmium.
38  Brazil
(15 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
US (4 times)
CR (3 times)
FR (3 times)
2005 The impact of a monophasic continuous estro-progestogenic treatment on Latin American menopausal women.
39  Bayesian Regularization
(14 times)
Science
(2 times)
LM (8 times)
ANN (6 times)
MSE (5 times)
2009 Interval based fuzzy systems for identification of important genes from microarray gene expression data: Application to carcinogenic development.
40  birth rate
(14 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
BM (2 times)
FR (2 times)
GT (2 times)
1996 Generalized-cost-measure-based address-predictive vector quantization.
41  brain reserve
(14 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
CR (10 times)
AD (5 times)
GM (3 times)
2013 Brain reserve and cognitive reserve in multiple sclerosis: what you've got and how you use it.
42  breath rate
(14 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
HR (7 times)
MEA (2 times)
ST (2 times)
1988 Effects of magnesium depletion on myocardial high-energy phosphates and contractility.
43  broiler
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
TNC (3 times)
HI (2 times)
LH (2 times)
1991 Scanning electron microscopic observations on the intestinal villi in growing White Leghorn and broiler chickens from 1 to 30 days of age.
44  bronchial reactivity
(14 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(8 times)
BAL (2 times)
AR (1 time)
BA (1 time)
1990 Persistence of increased nonspecific bronchial reactivity in allergic children and adolescents.
45  blue reflectance
(13 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
CFP (6 times)
GR (6 times)
IR (6 times)
2011 Reticular drusen associated with geographic atrophy in age-related macular degeneration.
46  Brahma Rasayana
(13 times)
Biology
(4 times)
AR (3 times)
CAT (3 times)
SOD (3 times)
1994 Chemoprotective action of Rasayanas against cyclosphamide toxicity.
47  breathing reserve
(13 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4 times)
VE (4 times)
AT (3 times)
CPET (3 times)
1995 Dyspnea and exercise testing in workers exposed to silica.
48  Briggs-Rauscher
(13 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
IMA (3 times)
MA (3 times)
BL (1 time)
1983 Experimental study of synchronization phenomena under periodic light irradiation of a nonlinear chemical system.
49  basal rotation
(12 times)
Brain
(3 times)
LV (4 times)
AR (2 times)
AVP (2 times)
1988 Motor disturbances and neurotoxicity induced by centrally administered somatostatin and vasopressin in conscious rats: interactive effects of two neuropeptides.
50  Block Relevance
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
IMHB (2 times)
Arg (1 time)
DeltalogP (1 time)
2013 The Block Relevance (BR) analysis supports the dominating effect of solutes hydrogen bond acidity on DeltalogP(oct-tol).
51  brown rot
(12 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
WR (3 times)
AHR (1 time)
AlPS (1 time)
2003 Role of carbohydrate supply in white and brown root respiration of ponderosa pine.
52  butadiene rubber
(12 times)
Polymers
(4 times)
SBR (7 times)
NR (4 times)
CR (2 times)
2006 Fast and robust method for the determination of microstructure and composition in butadiene, styrene-butadiene, and isoprene rubber by near-infrared spectroscopy.
53  baroreceptor
(11 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
HR (3 times)
MAP (3 times)
ADN (2 times)
1983 Rapid resetting of aortic baroreceptors in vitro.
54  Bupleuri Radix
(11 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
AMPKalpha (1 time)
Ang PKB (1 time)
BBH (1 time)
2012 Antioxidant and Protective Effects of Bupleurum falcatum on the L-Thyroxine-Induced Hyperthyroidism in Rats.
55  background regimen
(10 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
MDR-TB (5 times)
QALYs (3 times)
DALYs (2 times)
2010 Efficacy, safety, and tolerability of etravirine with and without darunavir/ritonavir or raltegravir in treatment-experienced patients: analysis of the etravirine early access program in the United States.
56  Backward running
(10 times)
Sports Medicine
(7 times)
FR (8 times)
AT (1 time)
BRG (1 time)
1989 Kinematics, ground reaction force, and muscle balance produced by backward running.
57  bilirubin-IX alpha
(10 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
BV (4 times)
CO (4 times)
AD (1 time)
1989 Hypocrellin-A sensitized photooxidation of bilirubin.
58  Binary Relevance
(10 times)
Medical Informatics
(4 times)
CC (3 times)
ECC (2 times)
LP (2 times)
2013 Multilabel learning via random label selection for protein subcellular multilocations prediction.
59  binary restenosis
(10 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
TLR (7 times)
LLL (6 times)
MLD (5 times)
2004 Angioplasty and stents in coronary artery disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
60  biochar
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
BET (2 times)
FTIR (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
2019 Effects of biochar and zeolite soil amendments with foliar proline spray on nickel immobilization, nutritional quality and nickel concentrations in wheat.
61  body representations
(10 times)
Brain
(6 times)
SCI (2 times)
aBR (1 time)
AIS (1 time)
2016 To move or not to move, that is the question! Body schema and non-action oriented body representations: An fMRI meta-analytic study.
62  brachialis
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
BB (5 times)
HD-sEMG (3 times)
ST (3 times)
1985 Skeletal muscle protein turnover in young male pigs.
63  Brahman
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
BO (5 times)
AN (2 times)
HE (2 times)
1986 Production characters of first generation cows of a five-breed diallel: reproduction of mature cows and preweaning performance of calves by two third-breed sires.
64  biochemical remission
(9 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
AIH (3 times)
CR (2 times)
6-TGN (1 time)
2005 Quantitation of minimal residual disease in acute myeloid leukemia by tryptase monitoring identifies a group of patients with a high risk of relapse.
65  black rice
(9 times)
Food
(2 times)
RS (3 times)
AD (2 times)
LS (2 times)
2008 First Report of Severe Outbreaks of Bacterial Leaf Spot of Leafy Brassica Greens Caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris in South Carolina.
66  bacterial respiration
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
BP (4 times)
BGE (3 times)
DOC (3 times)
2010 Estimation of long-term bacterial respiration and growth efficiency in Lake Kinneret.
67  band ratio
(8 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
adj-FC (1 time)
AR (1 time)
DV (1 time)
2000 Acoustical design of the Tokyo Opera City (TOC) concert hall, Japan
68  beta-resorcylic acid
(8 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
CR (3 times)
TC (3 times)
PDAs (2 times)
2010 Inactivation of Salmonella spp. on tomatoes by plant molecules.
69  birefringent retardation
(8 times)
Cell Biology
(7 times)
T-C (1 time)
1975 A new miniature hydrostatic pressure chamber for microscopy. Strain-free optical glass windows facilitate phase-contrast and polarized-light microscopy of living cells. Optional fixture permits simultaneous control of pressure and temperature.
70  branches
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AC (1 time)
AD (1 time)
AGB (1 time)
2014 Impact of hybrid rooms with image fusion on radiation exposure during endovascular aortic repair.
71  Brazilian
(8 times)
Zoology
(2 times)
ALP (1 time)
AMR (1 time)
AR (1 time)
1988 Elevation in plasma glucagon levels in response to stress in squirrel monkeys: comparisons of two subspecies (Saimiri sciureus boliviensis and Saimiri sciureus sciureus).
72  bacterioruberin
(7 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CrtD (1 time)
DEX (1 time)
NAC (1 time)
2012 Characteristics of halorhodopsin-bacterioruberin complex from Natronomonas pharaonis membrane in the solubilized system.
73  baroreceptor reflex
(7 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
BP (3 times)
HR (3 times)
ANS (1 time)
1987 Antihypertensive drugs and baroreceptor reflex control of heart rate and blood pressure.
74  best response
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
PD (3 times)
PR (3 times)
SD (3 times)
2015 Genetic profiling of advanced radioactive iodine-resistant differentiated thyroid cancer and correlation with axitinib efficacy.
75  BioRoot RCS
(7 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
AH (3 times)
MTA (2 times)
TF (2 times)
2018 Cytotoxicity of Different Concentrations of Three Root Canal Sealers on Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells.
76  bone remodeling
(7 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
BC (1 time)
CD (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
1998 Dissociation between bone resorption and bone formation in osteopenic transgenic mice.
77  branching ratio
(7 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
PE (2 times)
RPPICS (2 times)
DFT (1 time)
2003 Electronic structure of ReO3Me by variable photon energy photoelectron spectroscopy, absorption spectroscopy and density functional calculations.
78  Brighton Red
(7 times)
Virology
(6 times)
CPXV (4 times)
BAC (3 times)
CAM (2 times)
1989 Inhibition of an inflammatory response is mediated by a 38-kDa protein of cowpox virus.
79  Britton-Robinson buffer
(7 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
CV (2 times)
DPV (2 times)
EIS (2 times)
2009 Electrochemistry of the interaction of furazolidone and bovine serum albumin.
80  bromelain
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ATPSs (1 time)
NAC (1 time)
PAP (1 time)
1979 [Anti-inflammatory actions of proteases, bromelain, trypsin and their mixed preparation (author's transl)].
81  bulbar redness
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
TMH (4 times)
CDEA (2 times)
DED (2 times)
2015 Assessment of Bulbar Redness with a Newly Developed Keratograph.
82  benzodiazepine receptor
(6 times)
Biology
(2 times)
DRP (1 time)
EP (1 time)
HE (1 time)
1983 [Effect of a specific benzodiazepine antagonist RO 15-1788 on phenazepam-induced inhibition of the evoked potentials in hippocampal neurons].
83  berberine
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
AMPK (1 time)
CP (1 time)
CUR (1 time)
1995 [Effects of berberine on single Ca2+ channel current in cultured embryonic chick ventricular myocytes].
84  biofilm reactor
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
BER (2 times)
HRAP (2 times)
ABR (1 time)
2004 Detection, integration and persistence of aeromonads in water distribution pipe biofilms.
85  biotin receptor
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
PDT (2 times)
5-FU (1 time)
DNPSia (1 time)
2018 Liposome-aided metabolic engineering of tumor surface immunogenicity.
86  black raspberry
(6 times)
Genomics
(1 time)
BAK (1 time)
BC (1 time)
BJP (1 time)
2011 Antioxidant oils and Salmonella enterica Typhimurium reduce tumor in an experimental model of hepatic metastasis.
87  bladder recurrence
(6 times)
Urology
(5 times)
RNU (5 times)
CSS (2 times)
UTUC (2 times)
2012 Results and outcomes after endoscopic treatment of upper urinary tract carcinoma: the Austrian experience.
88  brachytherapy
(6 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
EBRT (2 times)
CR (1 time)
EPIC (1 time)
1994 The study of tumoral, radiobiological, and general health factors that influence results and complications in a series of 448 oral tongue carcinomas treated exclusively by irradiation.
89  breaker
(6 times)
Proteome
(1 time)
MG (4 times)
WT (2 times)
1-MCP (1 time)
2011 Effect of 1-methylcyclopropene on tomato flavour components, shelf life and decay as influenced by harvest maturity and storage temperature.
90  breathing retraining
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
ACQ (1 time)
CBT (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
1984 Failure of resistive breathing training to improve pulmonary function tests in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
91  bromide
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
AEDs (2 times)
GTCS (2 times)
PB (2 times)
1992 Bromide treatment of pharmaco-resistant epilepsies with generalized tonic-clonic seizures: a clinical study.
92  Brusatol
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
ROS (2 times)
BR-SMEDDS (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
2017 Characterization of brusatol self-microemulsifying drug delivery system and its therapeutic effect against dextran sodium sulfate-induced ulcerative colitis in mice.
93  Bankart repair
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
ACJ (1 time)
ASES (1 time)
BRR (1 time)
2013 Combined arthroscopic Bankart repair and remplissage for recurrent shoulder instability.
94  Barred Plymouth Rock
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
WL (2 times)
AC (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2000 A modified method of shell windowing for producing somatic or germline chimeras in fertilized chicken eggs.
95  Bas-Rhin
(5 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
HG (5 times)
UCL (4 times)
BMI (1 time)
1988 [Cardiovascular risk factors in the population of 2 regions covered by the MONICA-France regions: Strasbourg and Toulouse].
96  batch reactor
(5 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
CSTR (3 times)
PFR (2 times)
CCU (1 time)
2001 Animal Guts as Ideal Chemical Reactors: Maximizing Absorption Rates.
97  bedroom
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
LR (5 times)
MA (2 times)
COPD (1 time)
1997 House dust mite and cat allergen levels in domestic dwellings in Christchurch.
98  behavioral response
(5 times)
Brain
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
AP (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
1983 Cortical kindled seizures: modification by excitant and depressant drugs.
99  bidirectional regulation
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
MLCK (2 times)
CJSM (1 time)
GRe (1 time)
2012 Characteristics of emodin on modulating the contractility of jejunal smooth muscle.
100  bioreactor
(5 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
Ck (1 time)
CSPR (1 time)
HCD (1 time)
2010 Spatial regulation of human mesenchymal stem cell differentiation in engineered osteochondral constructs: effects of pre-differentiation, soluble factors and medium perfusion.