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Abbreviation: BSR
Appearance Frequency: 567 time(s)
Long forms: 159

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
brain stimulation reward
(100 times)
Neurology
(35 times)
DA (20 times)
VTA (12 times)
ICSS (10 times)
1977 Neural substrate for brain stimulation reward in the rat: cathodal and anodal strength-duration properties.
basal stem rot
(53 times)
Microbiology
(10 times)
ROS (3 times)
SA (3 times)
DEGs (2 times)
2005 Enhancing biological control of basal stem rot disease (Ganoderma boninense) in oil palm plantations.
burst suppression ratio
(40 times)
Anesthesiology
(16 times)
EEG (16 times)
BIS (9 times)
MAC (4 times)
1998 I.v. anaesthesia and EEG burst suppression in rats: bolus injections and closed-loop infusions.
British Society for Rheumatology
(32 times)
Rheumatology
(14 times)
RA (8 times)
EULAR (5 times)
BHPR (4 times)
1992 Guidelines on undergraduate curriculum in the UK. Education Committees of Arthritis and Rheumatism Council and British Society for Rheumatology.
bacterial sulfate reduction
(20 times)
Environmental Health
(15 times)
DIC (2 times)
AMD (1 time)
AOM (1 time)
2001 Bacteria in gel probes: comparison of the activity of immobilized sulfate-reducing bacteria with in situ sulfate reduction in a wetland sediment.
brown stem rot
(19 times)
Genome, Plant
(3 times)
PI (3 times)
MAS (2 times)
qPCR (2 times)
1989 Evaluation of soybean resistance to Phialophora gregata culture filtrate in tissue culture.
basal soil respiration
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(15 times)
AS (3 times)
DHA (3 times)
EC (3 times)
2007 The effects of heavy metal pollution on enzyme activities and basal soil respiration of roadside soils.
blood sedimentation rate
(16 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
CRP (6 times)
AP (2 times)
A/G (1 time)
1981 Glycoproteins behaviour in ankylopoietic spondylarthritis.
broad-spectrum resistance
(12 times)
Botany
(7 times)
F.fujikuroi (2 times)
PR (2 times)
Xoo (2 times)
2015 Pi64, Encoding a Novel CC-NBS-LRR Protein, Confers Resistance to Leaf and Neck Blast in Rice.
10  brain stem response
(9 times)
Otolaryngology
(5 times)
SWR (1 time)
1977 Brain stem response audiometry at speech frequencies.
11  Belgian Society of Radiology
(8 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(7 times)
YRS (4 times)
2017 Annual Meeting of the Belgian Society of Radiology (BSR) November 19, 2016.
12  biological sulphate reduction
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
HRT (3 times)
LFCR (2 times)
SRB (2 times)
2009 Study of anaerobic lactate metabolism under biosulfidogenic conditions.
13  backscattered radiation
(6 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
BMC (2 times)
MC (2 times)
MBSFs (1 time)
1989 Measurements of backscattered radiation from Therac-20 collimator and trimmer jaws into beam monitor chamber.
14  basal stalk rot
(6 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
DI (3 times)
GBS (3 times)
LGs (2 times)
2016 SNP Discovery and QTL Mapping of Sclerotinia Basal Stalk Rot Resistance in Sunflower using Genotyping-by-Sequencing.
15  behavioral self-regulation
(6 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(3 times)
LAR (3 times)
ASR (1 time)
BMIz (1 time)
1997 Behavioral self-regulation: correlates and 2 year follow-ups for boys at risk for substance abuse.
16  bulk segregant RNA-seq
(6 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
BSA (2 times)
DEGs (2 times)
BSA-seq (1 time)
2018 Differentially Expressed Genes Associated with the Cabbage Yellow-Green-Leaf Mutant in the ygl-1 Mapping Interval with Recombination Suppression.
17  basal slowing response
(5 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
DAergic (2 times)
ESR (2 times)
EtOH (1 time)
2013 Neuroligin modulates the locomotory dopaminergic and serotonergic neuronal pathways of C. elegans.
18  best subset regression
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AHP (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CA19-9 (1 time)
2014 [Application of Best Subsets Regression on the risk classification for Spermophilus Dauricus Focus].
19  blast score ratio
(5 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
cgMLST (2 times)
ACB (1 time)
InDels (1 time)
2005 Visualization of comparative genomic analyses by BLAST score ratio.
20  Bushen recipe
(5 times)
Complementary Therapies
(5 times)
ALT (2 times)
CHB (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2003 [Therapeutic efficacy of combined application of lamivudine and bushen recipe in treating chronic hepatitis B and its influence on YMDD motif].
21  basic science research
(4 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
CT (2 times)
GS (1 time)
1997 Device choice and experience level in endoscopic foreign object retrieval: an in vivo study.
22  binocular summation ratio
(4 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CS (3 times)
AULCSF (2 times)
IXT (2 times)
2021 A Unified Rule for Binocular Contrast Summation Applies to Normal Vision and Common Eye Diseases.
23  buccal stretch receptor
(4 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
--- 1995 Maturation of static sensitivity is related to expansion of the capsular space in rat buccal stretch receptors.
24  back surface rotation
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
AIS (2 times)
TR (2 times)
2002 Indices of torso asymmetry related to spinal deformity in scoliosis.
25  basal skin resistance
(3 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 1959 Reliability of activation level during adaptation to stress.
26  basal stenosis resistance
(3 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
FFR (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
HSR (1 time)
2014 Head-to-head comparison of basal stenosis resistance index, instantaneous wave-free ratio, and fractional flow reserve: diagnostic accuracy for stenosis-specific myocardial ischaemia.
27  bedside shift report
(3 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
HR (1 time)
2020 Exploring Practices of Bedside Shift Report and Hourly Rounding. Is There an Impact on Patient Falls?
28  biogas solid residue
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
Cr (1 time)
2019 Use of biogas solid residue from anaerobic digestion as an effective amendment to remediate Cr(VI)-contaminated soils.
29  biological species recognition
(3 times)
Biology
(2 times)
PSR (3 times)
PS (1 time)
2004 A multilocus genealogical approach to phylogenetic species recognition in the model eukaryote Neurospora.
30  blood sugar random
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ABGs (1 time)
BE (1 time)
DKA (1 time)
2020 Association of Dry Eye Disease with Diabetic Retinopathy.
31  body structural representation
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
BS (1 time)
DES (1 time)
FLT (1 time)
2020 Body representations and basic symptoms in schizophrenia.
32  British
(3 times)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
CKD (1 time)
DAS28 (1 time)
ULT (1 time)
2008 Eligibility of rheumatoid arthritis patients for anti-TNF-alpha therapy according to the 2005 recommendations of the French and British Societies for Rheumatology.
33  BS ratio
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
BS (3 times)
BD (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
2008 Comparative effects of halothane, isoflurane, sevoflurane and desflurane on the electroencephalogram of the rat.
34  B-spline R-matrix
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CCC (1 time)
MCDHF (1 time)
2013 Electron-impact ionization of neon at low projectile energy: an internormalized experiment and theory for a complex target.
35  back-saver sit-and-reach
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
20 mSRT (1 time)
CSR (1 time)
SBJ (1 time)
1998 The reliability and validity of a chair sit-and-reach test as a measure of hamstring flexibility in older adults.
36  bacterial seedling rot
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
BGR (1 time)
CSSLs (1 time)
QTL (1 time)
2013 Identification of qRBS1, a QTL involved in resistance to bacterial seedling rot in rice.
37  bacterial survival ratio
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
PM (1 time)
PMs (1 time)
VBNC (1 time)
2019 Desiccation-induced viable but nonculturable state in Pseudomonas putida KT2440, a survival strategy.
38  basal secretion rates
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
FSH (1 time)
MET (1 time)
PRO (1 time)
1988 Increases in the basal secretion rate of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) accompany age-associated changes in serum FSH levels on estrus.
39  Bayesian shrinkage regression
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
GBV (1 time)
SSVS (1 time)
2010 EM algorithm for Bayesian estimation of genomic breeding values.
40  bean seed ragout
(2 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
--- 2003 Comparative effects of the addition of meat from beef, chicken, mullet and hake to a bean seed ragout on iron metabolism and iron status in growing rats.
41  beta-satellite repeats
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ANT1 (1 time)
FSHD (1 time)
2004 Evolution of beta satellite DNA sequences: evidence for duplication-mediated repeat amplification and spreading.
42  biochemical-sustained responders
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
HCC (2 times)
IFN (2 times)
LC (2 times)
2003 Long-term outcome, with monitoring of platelet counts, in patients with chronic hepatitis C and liver cirrhosis after interferon therapy.
43  birth sex ratio
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
ENSO (1 time)
2007 Translocation reverses birth sex ratio bias depending on its timing during gestation: evidence for the action of two sex-allocation mechanisms.
44  bistable stochastic resonance
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
ABSR (1 time)
BCI (1 time)
EWT (1 time)
2018 Weak feature enhancement in machinery fault diagnosis using empirical wavelet transform and an improved adaptive bistable stochastic resonance.
45  bit score ratio
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
BAL (1 time)
ECK (1 time)
MCL (1 time)
2012 Sequence and comparative analysis of the genome of HSV-1 strain McKrae.
46  bone scan response
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
mCRPC (2 times)
CTCs (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2016 Changes in plasma biomarkers following treatment with cabozantinib in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer: a post hoc analysis of an extension cohort of a phase II trial.
47  bone-to-soft tissue ratio
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
HDP (1 time)
MDP (1 time)
WBR (1 time)
1982 Quantifications and sensitivity in bone scanning in the detection of bone metastases.
48  Boswellia serrata resin
(2 times)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
--- 2017 The effect of Boswellia serrata resin diet supplementation on production, hematological, biochemical and immunological parameters in broiler chickens.
49  Bottom Simulating Reflection
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CNNs (1 time)
2020 Automated design of a convolutional neural network with multi-scale filters for cost-efficient seismic data classification.
50  breaking strength retention
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
--- 2005 Effect of load and temperature on in vitro degradation of poly(glycolide-co-L-lactide) multifilament braids.
51  breeding sex ratio
(2 times)
Science
(2 times)
OSR (1 time)
2012 Genetic versus census estimators of the opportunity for sexual selection in the wild.
52  Brest Stroke Registry
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
LVO (1 time)
mRS (1 time)
MT (1 time)
2013 Influence of acute complications on outcome 3 months after ischemic stroke.
53  British Spine Registry
(2 times)
Bone and Bones
(1 time)
AIS (1 time)
BPT (1 time)
HRGs (1 time)
2021 The impact of a spinal best practice tariff on compliance with the British Spine Registry.
54  bulked segregant RNA sequencing
(2 times)
Genomics
(1 time)
--- 2019 Whole-genome resequencing-based QTL-seq identified AhTc1 gene encoding a R2R3-MYB transcription factor controlling peanut purple testa colour.
55  burst and suppression
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
BIS (1 time)
CSI (1 time)
CSM (1 time)
2011 Correlation between clinical signs of depth of anaesthesia and cerebral state index responses in dogs with different target-controlled infusions of propofol.
56  baby hamster kidney a clone BHK-21
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CSO (1 time)
CSONE (1 time)
HPW (1 time)
2022 Optimisation of Calophyllum inophyllum seed oil nanoemulsion as a potential wound healing agent.
57  Baby Hamster Kidney cell clone
(1 time)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CsCl (1 time)
FAT (1 time)
FFD (1 time)
2014 Cell culture extraction and purification of rabies virus nucleoprotein.
58  back surface reflector
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2014 Modeling the current-voltage characteristics of thin-film silicon solar cells based on photo-induced electron transfer processes.
59  back-scattering ratio
(1 time)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
OAC (1 time)
OCT (1 time)
OPL (1 time)
2016 Characterization of automotive paint by optical coherence tomography.
60  back-sided readout
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ALROC (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
dSiPM (1 time)
2017 Improved image quality using monolithic scintillator detectors with dual-sided readout in a whole-body TOF-PET ring: a simulation study.
61  Backscattering NIR, Raman
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
API (1 time)
TRS (1 time)
2020 Calibration transfer between modelled and commercial pharmaceutical tablet for API quantification using backscattering NIR, Raman and transmission Raman spectroscopy (TRS).
62  Backward Stepwise Regression
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
FSR (1 time)
2005 [The research to the optimal calibration model for discrete scanning spectrometers].
63  bacterially mediated sulphate reduction
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2011 Treatment of zinc-rich acid mine water in low residence time bioreactors incorporating waste shells and methanol dosing.
64  balanced success rate
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
IFR (1 time)
LC-MS (1 time)
ML (1 time)
2022 Biomarker selection and a prospective metabolite-based machine learning diagnostic for lyme disease.
65  Baltic Sea region
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Em (1 time)
EU (1 time)
NBSR (1 time)
2020 A study on emissions efficiency, emissions technology gap ratio, room for improvement in emissions intensity, and pluralized relationships.
66  Bangalore South Region
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PIE (1 time)
WF (1 time)
2020 Micro level analyses of environmentally disastrous urbanization in Bangalore.
67  bare sclera resection
(1 time)
Eye Diseases
(1 time)
ALC (1 time)
IO (1 time)
MMC (1 time)
2015 Bare sclera resection followed by mitomycin C and/or autograft limbus conjunctiva in the surgery for pterygium: a Meta-analysis.
68  bariatric surgery recipients
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
BSC (1 time)
LLCI (1 time)
ULCI (1 time)
2017 Disinhibited eating mediates differences in attachment insecurity between bariatric surgery candidates/recipients and lean controls.
69  basal antigen sharing rate
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
HLA (1 time)
RSA (1 time)
1991 Probabilistic assessment of the HLA sharing of recurrent spontaneous abortion couples in the Japanese population.
70  basal insulin secretion rate
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
GCK (1 time)
GIP (1 time)
GLP-1 (1 time)
2008 Glucokinase, the pancreatic glucose sensor, is not the gut glucose sensor.
71  basal sweat rate
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ETS (1 time)
PSR (1 time)
ST (1 time)
2020 The impact of endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy on sudomotor function in patients with palmar hyperhidrosis.
72  base specificying residue
(1 time)
Synthetic Biology
(1 time)
dTALEs (1 time)
VarSeTALEs (1 time)
2017 Exploiting the sequence diversity of TALE-like repeats to vary the strength of dTALE-promoter interactions.
73  baseline stimulation rate
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
VOR (1 time)
2012 Co-modulation of stimulus rate and current from elevated baselines expands head motion encoding range of the vestibular prosthesis.
74  baseline synaptic responses
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
fEPSPs (1 time)
I/O (1 time)
LTP (1 time)
2022 Hippocampal orexin-1 and endocannabinoid-1 receptors underlie the kainate-induced occlusion in theta-burst long- term potentiation.
75  Bashang region
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BXR (1 time)
2022 Fluoride enrichment mechanisms and related health risks of groundwater in the transition zone of geomorphic units, northern China.
76  basic structured report
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
IR (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2015 Satisfaction of imaging report rendered in emergency setting: a survey of radiology and referring physicians.
77  batch stirred
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
PM (1 time)
SPS (1 time)
2008 Graft polymerization of wood sawdust and peat with ethylene carbonate. A novel method for the preparation of supports with enhanced mechanical properties to be used in biofiltration of organic vapors.
78  bedside rationing
(1 time)
Ethics
(1 time)
--- 2008 How physicians allocate scarce resources at the bedside: a systematic review of qualitative studies.
79  bedside rounding
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ORS (1 time)
2022 Impact of Bedside Rounding on Attending Teaching Evaluations.
80  been via piecewise 'broken stick' regression
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
NLR (1 time)
2013 Estimating physiological tolerances - a comparison of traditional approaches to nonlinear regression techniques.
81  beer-spoilage-related
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
LAB (1 time)
Lb464 (1 time)
Pc344 (1 time)
2016 Transcriptome analysis of beer-spoiling Lactobacillus brevis BSO 464 during growth in degassed and gassed beer.
82  Begonia Sinensis Rhizome
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2016 [Sterol extracts from Begonia Sinensis Rhizome against respiratory inflammation].
83  behavioral science rounds
(1 time)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
--- 2019 Behavioral Science Rounds: Identifying and Addressing the Challenging Issues That Residents Face on a Family Medicine Inpatient Service.
84  Bellows on Sternum Resuscitation
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
BVM (1 time)
cpm (1 time)
CPR (1 time)
2002 Cardiopulmonary resuscitation using the cardio vent device in a resuscitation model.
85  bench scale reactor
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
OTE (1 time)
SFL (1 time)
SV (1 time)
2020 Filamentous organisms degrade oxygen transfer efficiency by increasing mixed liquor apparent viscosity: Mechanistic understanding and experimental verification.
86  bend stress relaxation
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
SiC (1 time)
2003 Creep deformation of grain boundary in a highly crystalline SiC fibre.
87  between-session recency
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AN (1 time)
2004 Impaired recency judgments and intact novelty judgments after fornix transection in monkeys.
88  Bezier surface reformation
(1 time)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
2006 Bezier surface reformation: an original visualization technique of cervical nerve roots on myelographic CT.
89  bifunctional sulforhodamine
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
cRLC (1 time)
2015 Phosphorylation of myosin regulatory light chain controls myosin head conformation in cardiac muscle.
90  biliary stone removal
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
PTBD (1 time)
2017 Biliary stone removal through the percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage route, focusing on the balloon sphincteroplasty flushing technique: a single center study with 916 patients.
91  Binary Sparse Representation
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
NAMVH (1 time)
2018 Nonlinear Asymmetric Multi-Valued Hashing.
92  binary star ratio
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
miRNAs (1 time)
SERS (1 time)
2020 Fluorescent-Raman Binary Star Ratio Probe for MicroRNA Detection and Imaging in Living Cells.
93  binaural sound reproduction
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
HRTFs (1 time)
2015 Optimization of the directivity in binaural sound reproduction beamforming.
94  Binding Site Refinement
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
SVR (1 time)
2010 The utility of geometrical and chemical restraint information extracted from predicted ligand-binding sites in protein structure refinement.
95  Bio ScRew
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
HCCP (1 time)
micro-CT (1 time)
2021 Bone formation effect of highly concentrated tricalcium phosphate biocomposite screws in a rabbit osteoporosis model.
96  bio-safety rank
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2006 A new method for evaluating biological safety of environmental water with algae, daphnia and fish toxicity ranks.
97  bioelectrical skin reactivity
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1982 Psychophysiological aspects of regulatory functions in man.
98  Bioethics Shared Resource
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2010 The ethics of good communication in a complex research partnership.
99  biogas residues of swine manure
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
MF (1 time)
PVC (1 time)
2016 [Effect of Montmorillonite on Fractions and Availability of Phosphorus in Soils Applied with Organic Fertilizer].
100  biological sulfate/sulfite reduction
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
IR (1 time)
2019 Roles of sulfite and internal recirculation on organic compound removal and the microbial community structure of a sulfur cycle-driven biological wastewater treatment process.