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Abbreviation: BW
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Long forms: 298

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
body weight
(8742 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1809 times)
BMI (327 times)
ADG (306 times)
DM (295 times)
1971 Observations on the responsiveness of human subjects to human growth hormone. Effects of endogenous growth hormone deficiency and myotinic dystrophy.
birth weight
(1571 times)
Pediatrics
(365 times)
GA (559 times)
ROP (189 times)
SGA (116 times)
1978 Limitations in prediction of gestational age and birth weight by ultrasonographic methods.
bronchial washing
(67 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(28 times)
BAL (35 times)
BB (8 times)
TBNA (6 times)
1977 Appearanc of cytotoxic cells within the bronchus after local infection with herpes simplex virus.
brackish water
(47 times)
Physiology
(15 times)
FW (30 times)
SW (21 times)
NKA (12 times)
1995 Regulation of gill prolactin receptors in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) after a change in salinity or hypophysectomy.
backward walking
(38 times)
Orthopedics
(11 times)
FW (31 times)
PD (3 times)
TA (3 times)
1996 Backward and forward walking use different patterns of phase-dependent modulation of cutaneous reflexes in humans.
Bacterial wilt
(33 times)
Botany
(6 times)
RSSC (6 times)
QTL (4 times)
CCs (2 times)
2005 Transgenic tomato plants expressing an Arabidopsis thionin (Thi2.1) driven by fruit-inactive promoter battle against phytopathogenic attack.
beeswax
(31 times)
Chemistry
(11 times)
HPMC (3 times)
OA (3 times)
CW (2 times)
2001 Lipid particle size effect on water vapor permeability and mechanical properties of whey protein/beeswax emulsion films.
black water
(26 times)
Environmental Health
(21 times)
UASB (7 times)
GW (6 times)
WW (4 times)
2005 Anaerobic on-site treatment of black water and dairy parlour wastewater in UASB-septic tanks at low temperatures.
biological warfare
(25 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
CW (4 times)
LIF (2 times)
SBD (2 times)
1961 What to remember--what has been accomplished and what is still to be done about chemical warfare (CW) and biological w arfare (BW) defense.
10  bitewing
(25 times)
Dentistry
(20 times)
PA (4 times)
FC (2 times)
ICDAS (2 times)
1984 Relationships between bitewing and periapical radiographs in assessing crestal alveolar bone levels.
11  buckwheat
(23 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
AD (3 times)
WR (3 times)
FBW (2 times)
2000 Identification and characterization of the major allergens of buckwheat.
12  bitewing radiography
(22 times)
Dentistry
(20 times)
ICDAS (7 times)
AUC (3 times)
DD (3 times)
1993 Comparison of different methods for the diagnosis of fissure caries without cavitation.
13  Baden-Wurttemberg
(21 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
CI (4 times)
AQP (1 time)
BB (1 time)
1993 Attitudes of neurologists, psychiatrists, and psychotherapists towards predictive testing for Huntington's disease in Germany.
14  baseline wander
(20 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(12 times)
ECG (15 times)
PLI (6 times)
EMG (4 times)
2007 Wavelet Approach for ECG Baseline Wander Correction and Noise Reduction.
15  backward
(19 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
FW (17 times)
BW-LT (2 times)
BW-RT (2 times)
1996 Ontogeny of postural adjustments during sitting in infancy: variation, selection and modulation.
16  ballast water
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
BWE (2 times)
AOPs (1 time)
ATP (1 time)
2011 Enumerating sparse organisms in ships' ballast water: why counting to 10 is not so easy.
17  biological width
(16 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
SD (3 times)
PD (2 times)
PI (2 times)
2001 Biologic Width around one- and two-piece titanium implants.
18  body wt
(12 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
GFR (2 times)
adult control (1 time)
AQP2 (1 time)
1986 Systemic toxicity of diphtheria toxin-related fragments (CRM26, CRM45), a hormone-toxin hybrid protein (TRH-CRM45), and ricin A.
19  bound water
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
PW (3 times)
UTE (3 times)
DW (2 times)
2008 Postharvest changes in water status and chlorophyll content of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) and their relationship with overall visual quality.
20  beam walking
(10 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
TBI (4 times)
BB (2 times)
CCI (2 times)
1990 Norepinephrine and brain damage: alpha noradrenergic pharmacology alters functional recovery after cortical trauma.
21  black women
(9 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
WW (8 times)
BM (6 times)
WM (6 times)
1996 Traditional risk factors and ischemic stroke in young adults: the Baltimore-Washington Cooperative Young Stroke Study.
22  bladder wall
(9 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
BT (2 times)
DVH (2 times)
ROC (2 times)
1992 Bladder wash cytology and flow cytometry for the diagnosis of transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder.
23  body water
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ECW (3 times)
BIA (2 times)
HD (2 times)
1988 [Estimation of body water in the lactating goat by injection of urea].
24  biological weapons
(8 times)
Military Medicine
(5 times)
WMD (1 time)
2002 Landscape with dead sheep: what they did to Gruinard Island.
25  brain weight
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CL (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
CF (1 time)
1984 Graft formation in Solanum pennellii (Solanaceae).
26  brewery wastewater
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
EC (2 times)
SW (2 times)
AcoD (1 time)
2005 Biological formation of 5-aminolevulinic acid by photosynthetic bacteria.
27  British White
(8 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
BSA (6 times)
ASR (1 time)
CIDQ (1 time)
2002 Effect of culture and environment on the phenomenology of delusions and hallucinations.
28  body wall
(7 times)
Biology
(3 times)
RT (2 times)
AQ (1 time)
BF (1 time)
2001 Resistance against migrating ascaris suum larvae in pigs immunized with infective eggs or adult worm antigens.
29  Brillouin-Wigner
(7 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
RS (3 times)
CAS (2 times)
Mk (2 times)
1999 Molecular Applications of a Size-Consistent State-Specific Multireference Perturbation Theory with Relaxed Model-Space Coefficients.
30  bottled water
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
WW (3 times)
UPW (2 times)
BDD (1 time)
2012 Comparison of coconut water and a carbohydrate-electrolyte sport drink on measures of hydration and physical performance in exercise-trained men.
31  brisk walking
(6 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
COP (2 times)
ML (2 times)
AP (1 time)
2015 Effect of yoga on arterial stiffness in elderly subjects with increased pulse pressure: A randomized controlled study.
32  behavioral willingness
(5 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
BI (2 times)
BE (1 time)
2006 Families and risk: prospective analyses of familial and social influences on adolescent substance use.
33  Black-and-White
(5 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
ARs (1 time)
CAST (1 time)
DNMS (1 time)
2004 Bovine mu-calpain (CAPN1) gene: new SNP within intron 14.
34  body weight gain
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AF (1 time)
DY (1 time)
FCR (1 time)
2007 Carcass weight, growth performance and internal organs size of broilers fed graded levels of Saccharomycese cervicia supplemented diets.
35  Brain water
(5 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
ALF (1 time)
AOB (1 time)
1989 Traumatic shock and head injury: effects of fluid resuscitation on the brain.
36  Browman-Wyse
(5 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
RGC (1 time)
1989 Defective myelination in the optic nerve of the Browman-Wyse (BW) mutant rat.
37  barrows
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
AID (1 time)
ATTD (1 time)
CGM (1 time)
2018 Chemical composition, energy, and amino acid digestibility in 7 cottonseed co-products fed to growing pigs.
38  bone wax
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
WSW (2 times)
2013 Effect of hemostatic material on sternal healing after cardiac surgery.
39  boxed warning
(4 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
AR (2 times)
FDA (2 times)
WP (2 times)
2013 Safety information in drug labeling: a comparison of the USA, the UK, and Japan.
40  bread wheat
(4 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
DW (2 times)
CAT (1 time)
FHB (1 time)
2015 PLANT OLIGOSACCHARIDES ENHANCE WHEAT DEFENCE RESPONSE AGAINST SEPTORIA LEAF BLOTCH.
41  backward wave
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
EM (2 times)
FW (2 times)
BWNRs (1 time)
2006 Acoustic backward-wave negative refractions in the second band of a sonic crystal.
42  bamboo waste
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
CIP (1 time)
HMs (1 time)
KG (1 time)
2014 Bioelectricity from kitchen and bamboo waste in a microbial fuel cell.
43  basket-weave
(3 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
CDs (1 time)
Dsg (1 time)
1982 Nemaline myopathy rod bodies. Structure and composition.
44  beam-walking
(3 times)
Brain
(2 times)
MWM (2 times)
BB (1 time)
CCI (1 time)
1992 alpha-Noradrenergic agonists and antagonists affect recovery and maintenance of beam-walking ability after sensorimotor cortex ablation in the rat.
45  Beckwith-Wiedemann
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
B1AF (1 time)
HB (1 time)
HBV (1 time)
1989 Reversible obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in the Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome.
46  bilateral weakness
(3 times)
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
(2 times)
UW (2 times)
CaT (1 time)
DP (1 time)
1996 Study of labyrinthine function in children using the caloric test: our results.
47  biodegradable waste
(3 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
MT (1 time)
NBW (1 time)
VOF (1 time)
2003 Solid waste management in Indian Himalayan tourists' treks: a case study in and around the Valley of Flowers and Hemkund Sahib.
48  biowaste
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
AnS (1 time)
SBO (1 time)
SS (1 time)
2010 Acid soluble bio-organic substances isolated from urban bio-waste. Chemical composition and properties of products.
49  bioweapon
(3 times)
Biology
(2 times)
--- 2009 Isolation of a human-like antibody fragment (scFv) that neutralizes ricin biological activity.
50  black versus white
(3 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
HV (3 times)
LTN (1 time)
NPG (1 time)
1977 Effects of subcortical lesions on visual intensity discriminations in rats.
51  body weight at birth
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
BB (1 time)
BL (1 time)
CFF (1 time)
2010 Analysis of body measurements of newborn purebred Belgian Blue calves.
52  Bouc-Wen
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
VTS (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
MPI (1 time)
2014 Adaptation of the modified Bouc-Wen model to compensate for hysteresis in respiratory motion for the list-mode binning of cardiac SPECT and PET acquisitions: testing using MRI.
53  bowel wall
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
US (2 times)
CEUS (1 time)
I-aGVHD (1 time)
1986 Quantitative myoelectric determination of bowel viability.
54  Brooker-Wills
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
G-K (2 times)
IM (1 time)
K-S (1 time)
1986 Biomechanical performance of locked intramedullary nail systems in comminuted femoral shaft fractures.
55  brown water
(3 times)
Technology
(2 times)
FW (3 times)
CSTR (1 time)
SeqBR (1 time)
2012 Anaerobic co-digestion of source segregated brown water (feces-without-urine) and food waste: for Singapore context.
56  high-bandwidth
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
ASIC (1 time)
CNR (1 time)
FPGA (1 time)
2010 Designing adiabatic radio frequency pulses using the Shinnar-Le Roux algorithm.
57  kg-body weight
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
EDCs (2 times)
GJIC (1 time)
miRNAs (1 time)
1998 Differential dose-dependent effects of alpha-, beta-carotenes and lycopene on gap-junctional intercellular communication in rat liver in vivo.
58  (HW)-to-body weight
(2 times)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
CVDs (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2003 Myocardial hypertrophy of normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats.
59  Ba-Wei-Di-Huang decoction
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
AD (2 times)
DSS (2 times)
HL (2 times)
2008 Age-related expression of calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II A in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex of senescence accelerated mouse prone/8 mice is modulated by anti-Alzheimer's disease drugs.
60  backwash
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
FDR (1 time)
FRR (1 time)
ICE (1 time)
2007 A net water production model for ultrafiltration including flow direction reversal and chemically assisted backwashing.
61  backwashing
(2 times)
Membranes
(1 time)
CEB (1 time)
CF (1 time)
CIP (1 time)
1992 Backwashing procedure for on-line reuse of a plasma fractionator in cryofiltration.
62  bacteriostatic water
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
BALF (1 time)
DAC (1 time)
EIA (1 time)
2000 Heparin inhibits eicosanoid metabolism and hyperventilation-induced bronchoconstriction in dogs.
63  basic wave
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
LD (2 times)
RW (2 times)
CW (1 time)
1993 Fundamental patterns and characteristics of the laser-Doppler skin blood flow waves recorded from the finger or toe.
64  beam width
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
MDCT (1 time)
mmWave (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2013 [Evaluation of over ranging in 64-slice multidetector-row computed tomography examinations for upper abdomen].
65  before weaning
(2 times)
Food Microbiology
(1 time)
AW (1 time)
DGGE (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
1994 Performance (re-acquisition) of a water-maze task by adult meadow voles: effects of age of initial task acquisition and in utero environment (litter sex-ratio).
66  Belgian Waterslager
(2 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
AIP1 (1 time)
WDR1 (1 time)
2008 WDR1 presence in the songbird basilar papilla.
67  Best fit formula was Log
(2 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
CSTT (1 time)
2014 A new formula for estimating fetal weight: The impression of biparietal diameter, abdominal circumference, mid-thigh soft tissue thickness and femoral length on birth weight.
68  bilinear wedge
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
LW (2 times)
ASF (1 time)
WW (1 time)
2006 Laser ultrasound measurement and finite-element simulation on the dispersion behaviors of acoustic waves propagating along wedges with bilinear cross sections.
69  biowarfare
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
BT (1 time)
2008 Antibody gene-based prophylaxis and therapy for biodefence.
70  biphasic waveform
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
MW (2 times)
AFI (1 time)
ECV (1 time)
2007 [Biphasic versus monophasic shock waveforms for transthoracic cardioversion of atrial flutter in the emergency room].
71  bird watching
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
PS (2 times)
SWS (2 times)
MRF (1 time)
1986 Markov-dependency and spectral analyses on spike-counts in mesencephalic reticular neurons during sleep and attentive states.
72  birth weight: placental weight
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
MEP (1 time)
2018 The problem with using the birthweight:placental weight ratio as a measure of placental efficiency.
73  bittern water
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
sIgA (1 time)
2007 Preventive effect of water containing magnesium ion on paw edema in adjuvant-induced arthritis rat.
74  black text on white background
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
BY (2 times)
YB (2 times)
e-cigarette (1 time)
2019 Optimizing Warnings on E-Cigarette Advertisements.
75  black-white
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
CN (1 time)
HV (1 time)
1978 Visual discrimination following partial telencephalic ablations in nurse sharks (Ginglymostoma cirratum).
76  bladder weight
(2 times)
Urologic Diseases
(1 time)
BOO (1 time)
MVV (1 time)
pBOO (1 time)
2004 [The evaluation of bladder outlet obstruction using the bladder weight calculation nomogram].
77  blending width
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
BC (2 times)
CNR (1 time)
CNRs (1 time)
2013 Optimal contrast of computed tomography portal venography using dual-energy computed tomography.
78  blood withdrawal
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
BL (1 time)
EEOT (1 time)
EPO (1 time)
2015 Vasopressin Infusion with Small-Volume Fluid Resuscitation during Hemorrhagic Shock Promotes Hemodynamic Stability and Survival in Swine.
79  Blue Water
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
CS (1 time)
EMn (1 time)
2019 Harmful or harmless: Biological effects of marennine on marine organisms.
80  boatwhistle
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
AEP (2 times)
2016 Assessing acoustic communication active space in the Lusitanian toadfish.
81  body weight of kids
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
LS (1 time)
OIT (1 time)
SRLV (1 time)
2001 Induction of thymic apoptosis by Shiga toxin from Escherichia coli O157:H7 in vivo and in vitro.
82  bolus wizard
(2 times)
Endocrine System Diseases
(2 times)
CSII (2 times)
CGM (1 time)
T1D (1 time)
2014 Assessment of use of specific features of subcutaneous insulin infusion systems and their relationship to metabolic control in patients with type 1 diabetes.
83  bone water
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
CT (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2008 Cortical bone water: in vivo quantification with ultrashort echo-time MR imaging.
84  bottom seawater
(2 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
SW (2 times)
AHL (1 time)
iWQAS (1 time)
2020 Waterborne protozoan pathogens in environmental aquatic biofilms: Implications for water quality assessment strategies.
85  brain water content
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
CHT (1 time)
HS (1 time)
MCA (1 time)
2000 Effects of fluid management on edema volume and midline shift in a rat model of ischemic stroke.
86  breast width
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BD (1 time)
BL (1 time)
CCA (1 time)
2019 Differences in Chest Measurements between the Cis-female and Trans-female Chest Exposed to Estrogen and Its Implications for Breast Augmentation.
87  brisk walk
(2 times)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
CT (1 time)
ML (1 time)
2017 Tai Chi Can Improve Postural Stability as Measured by Resistance to Perturbation Related to Upper Limb Movement among Healthy Older Adults.
88  Butterworth
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
FIR (1 time)
2005 Elimination of electrocardiogram contamination from electromyogram signals: An evaluation of currently used removal techniques.
89  Butterworth filter
(2 times)
Technology, Radiologic
(2 times)
GA (2 times)
NMSE (2 times)
SPECT (2 times)
2014 [Validation of noise reduction in iterative reconstruction: a simulation phantom study].
90  BW (NBW)
(2 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
HBW (1 time)
LBW (1 time)
NBW (1 time)
2017 Association of birth weight with abdominal obesity and weight disorders in children and adolescents: the weight disorder survey of the CASPIAN-IV Study.
91  sodium-bicarbonated mineral water
(2 times)
Food
(1 time)
CCK (1 time)
CW (1 time)
TAG (1 time)
2011 A sodium-bicarbonated mineral water reduces gallbladder emptying and postprandial lipaemia: a randomised four-way crossover study.
92  traits--body weight
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
AC (1 time)
BL (1 time)
BM (1 time)
2005 Relationships between quantitative and reproductive fitness traits in animals.
93  weight-to-body weight
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ANP (1 time)
BNP (1 time)
DHEA (1 time)
1998 Brain natriuretic peptide inhibits hypoxic pulmonary hypertension in rats.
94  (HPMC)-beeswax
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
FA (1 time)
HPMC (1 time)
OA (1 time)
2008 Fatty acid effect on hydroxypropyl methylcellulose-beeswax edible film properties and postharvest quality of coated 'Ortanique' mandarins.
95  1--birth weight
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
1982 Pharmacology of kanamycin in the newborn.
96  B wave band
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
IB (1 time)
UB (1 time)
1997 [Slow pressure waves during intracranial hypertension].
97  Ba-Wei-Di-Huang
(1 time)
Alzheimer Disease
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
DSS (1 time)
HL (1 time)
2015 A Co-Module Regulated by Therapeutic Drugs in a Molecular Subnetwork of Alzheimer's Disease Identified on the Basis of Traditional Chinese Medicine and SAMP8 Mice.
98  baby walker
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2009 Baby walkers: a perspective from Turkey.
99  Bacal-Wierusz
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 1998 [Late results of the Harrington treatment method for posttraumatic injuries of the thoracic and lumbar spine].
100  back of the wrist
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
FH (1 time)
1987 Surface pH of Normal Skin.