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Abbreviation: CA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
carbonic anhydrase
(2036 times)
Biochemistry
(388 times)
CAT (31 times)
AZ (30 times)
IOP (29 times)
1975 Electron microscopic localization of carbonic anhydrase (CA) activity in rabbit cornea.
cardiac arrest
(1330 times)
Emergency Medicine
(386 times)
CPR (322 times)
ROSC (278 times)
VF (86 times)
1981 Myocardial flow distribution. II : Empty beating heart, ventricular fibrillation and cardiac arrest.
catecholamine
(1135 times)
Neurology
(232 times)
DA (223 times)
NE (222 times)
NA (147 times)
1968 [Histochemical studies of extraocular muscles. I. Histochemistry of catecholamine (CA) in rabbit and human extraocular muscles].
coronary angiography
(865 times)
Cardiology
(334 times)
CAD (137 times)
PCI (101 times)
KD (56 times)
1977 [Effect of mezaton on experimental myocardial infarct with arrhythmias in rabbits].
chromosomal aberrations
(833 times)
Genetics
(252 times)
MN (297 times)
SCE (276 times)
MI (128 times)
1981 Hormone dependency of chromosome aberrations induced by 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene in rat bone marrow cells: site-specific increase by erythropoietin.
citric acid
(757 times)
Environmental Health
(172 times)
EDTA (54 times)
AA (39 times)
SEM (34 times)
1975 Influence of mixtures of taurocholate, fatty acids, and monolein on the toxic effects of deoxycholate in rat jejunum in vivo.
chronological age
(557 times)
Pediatrics
(140 times)
BA (179 times)
DA (69 times)
SA (45 times)
1976 Relationships between skeletal maturity and submaximal working capacity in boys 8 to 18 years.
cellulose acetate
(555 times)
Polysaccharides
(78 times)
SEM (50 times)
FTIR (34 times)
PES (20 times)
1982 Influence of silica and carrageenan on spleen colonies and colonies in murine peritoneal cell-coated cellulose acetate membranes.
catheter ablation
(531 times)
Cardiology
(360 times)
AF (358 times)
CI (56 times)
LA (55 times)
1990 The effects of percutaneous catheter ablation on preexisting permanent pacemakers.
10  carbohydrate antigen
(502 times)
Neoplasms
(166 times)
CEA (208 times)
CT (45 times)
OS (33 times)
1985 Establishment and characterization of the human cholangiocarcinoma cell line HChol-Y1 in a serum-free, chemically defined medium.
11  cholic acid
(465 times)
Biochemistry
(93 times)
CDCA (145 times)
DCA (127 times)
UDCA (57 times)
1975 Proceedings: The influence of cholic acid (CA) and dehydrocholic acid (DCA) on the biliary excretion of sulfobromophthalein (BSP) and of BSP-GSH in rats.
12  contact angle
(460 times)
Chemistry
(149 times)
SEM (89 times)
AFM (66 times)
XPS (49 times)
1987 Does aspirin damage canine gastric mucosa by reducing its surface hydrophobicity?
13  caffeic acid
(459 times)
Biochemistry
(98 times)
FA (67 times)
CGA (38 times)
RA (30 times)
1983 [Biliary excretion of choleretically active cinnamic acid derivatives in the rat].
14  cluster analysis
(458 times)
Environmental Health
(217 times)
PCA (313 times)
DA (47 times)
FA (35 times)
1989 Pattern recognition study of QSAR substituent descriptors.
15  capsid
(358 times)
Virology
(191 times)
HIV-1 (87 times)
NC (76 times)
MA (53 times)
1991 Amino acids encoded downstream of gag are not required by Rous sarcoma virus protease during gag-mediated assembly.
16  cornu ammonis
(345 times)
Neurology
(129 times)
DG (96 times)
AD (35 times)
MRI (20 times)
1988 Changes in septo-hippocampal projections after lateral entorhinal or combined entorhinal-raphe lesions as studied by anterograde tracing methods.
17  contrast agent
(313 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(122 times)
MRI (76 times)
CT (20 times)
DCE-MRI (18 times)
1997 [Conventional magnetic resonance angiography and contrast enhanced magnetic resonance angiography of extracranial blood vessel segments].
18  carotid artery
(302 times)
Neurosurgery
(57 times)
IJV (28 times)
IMT (22 times)
CEA (15 times)
1975 Pressure-flow relations in the vessels of the canine aortic arch.
19  corrected age
(288 times)
Pediatrics
(155 times)
GA (39 times)
VLBW (34 times)
NICU (24 times)
1996 Neurodevelopmental outcome at 36 months' corrected age of preterm infants in the Multicenter Indomethacin Intraventricular Hemorrhage Prevention Trial.
20  cancer antigen
(284 times)
Neoplasms
(109 times)
CEA (65 times)
OS (17 times)
AUC (13 times)
1986 [Monoclonal antibodies in the diagnosis and follow-up of ovarian cancer. CA 125 as a tumor marker. A cooperative study of the Gynecologic Tumor Marker Group (GTMG)].
21  concentration addition
(275 times)
Environmental Health
(198 times)
IA (179 times)
MDR (17 times)
CI (16 times)
2003 Water quality objectives for mixtures of toxic chemicals: problems and perspectives.
22  cardiac amyloidosis
(274 times)
Cardiology
(133 times)
LV (51 times)
CMR (47 times)
AL (31 times)
1985 Cardiac amyloidosis: combined use of two-dimensional echocardiography and electrocardiography in noninvasive screening before biopsy.
23  cerebral autoregulation
(265 times)
Physiology
(74 times)
BP (61 times)
CBF (60 times)
CBFV (60 times)
1981 Effect of two levels of induced hypocapnia on cerebral autoregulation in the acute phase of head injury coma.
24  community-acquired
(247 times)
Communicable Diseases
(95 times)
HA (116 times)
MRSA (100 times)
HCA (39 times)
1978 Changing ecology of acute bacterial empyema: occurrence and mortality at Boston City Hospital during 12 selected years from 1935 to 1972.
25  cellular automata
(245 times)
Biology
(56 times)
GA (9 times)
LULC (7 times)
ANN (6 times)
1993 Cellular automata approaches to biological modeling.
26  constitutively active
(244 times)
Cell Biology
(51 times)
DN (87 times)
WT (30 times)
PI3K (12 times)
1994 Construction of a synthetic gene for the metalloregulatory protein MerR and analysis of regionally mutated proteins for transcriptional regulation.
27  carnosic acid
(228 times)
Biochemistry
(37 times)
RA (22 times)
Nrf2 (18 times)
CS (17 times)
2003 Carnosic acid potentiates the antioxidant and prodifferentiation effects of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in leukemia cells but does not promote elevation of basal levels of intracellular calcium.
28  corpora allata
(194 times)
Zoology
(86 times)
JH (129 times)
CC (21 times)
MF (11 times)
1974 Extracerebral caphalic neuroendocine complex of the blattids, Periplaneta americana (L.) and Neostylopyga rhombifolia (Stoll): An in situ study.
29  condyloma acuminatum
(189 times)
Dermatology
(42 times)
HPV (80 times)
PDT (14 times)
ALA (11 times)
1983 Immunohistochemical demonstration of human papilloma virus (HPV) antigens in oral squamous cell lesions.
30  community-associated
(177 times)
Communicable Diseases
(68 times)
MRSA (113 times)
HA (88 times)
PVL (35 times)
2005 Molecular epidemiology of community- and health care-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Manitoba, Canada.
31  cinnamaldehyde
(168 times)
Pharmacology
(26 times)
ROS (15 times)
TRPA1 (13 times)
AITC (9 times)
1983 Cytotoxicity of cinnamic aldehyde on leukemia L1210 cells.
32  celiac artery
(164 times)
General Surgery
(66 times)
SMA (104 times)
IMA (18 times)
CT (16 times)
1987 The blood flow to the islets of Langerhans in different regions of the rat pancreas.
33  Candida albicans
(163 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(33 times)
SA (16 times)
EC (14 times)
PA (13 times)
1975 Mast cell sensitizing antibody (MCSAb) response in experimental candidiasis: chromatographic studies.
34  capsid protein
(161 times)
Virology
(60 times)
HIV-1 (37 times)
CypA (21 times)
CTD (17 times)
1992 Evidence for retroviral capsid and nucleocapsid antigens in ovine pulmonary carcinoma.
35  chronoamperometry
(158 times)
Chemistry
(38 times)
CV (106 times)
EIS (41 times)
XRD (38 times)
2000 Ferricyanide reduction by Escherichia coli: kinetics, mechanism, and application to the optimization of recombinant fermentations.
36  conversation analysis
(155 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(27 times)
PCA (26 times)
ASD (5 times)
HI (5 times)
1992 Repair strategies in aphasic discourse; towards a collaborative model.
37  chlorogenic acid
(147 times)
Chemistry
(29 times)
GA (9 times)
EGCG (8 times)
PCA (8 times)
1990 Inhibitory effects of chlorogenic acid, reserpine, polyprenoic acid (E-5166), or coffee on hepatocarcinogenesis in rats and hamsters.
38  Caucasian American
(144 times)
Neoplasms
(26 times)
AA (134 times)
PCa (12 times)
HCV (10 times)
1989 Serum fatty acids and fish intake in rural Japanese, urban Japanese, Japanese American and Caucasian American men.
39  California
(131 times)
Environmental Health
(26 times)
NY (12 times)
AZ (10 times)
FL (9 times)
1987 Temperature and water quality effects in simulated woodland pools on the infection of Culex mosquito larvae by Lagenidium giganteum (Oomycetes: Lagenidiales) in North Carolina.
40  cyproterone acetate
(130 times)
Endocrinology
(34 times)
EE (9 times)
TP (9 times)
DHT (7 times)
1975 Cyproterone acetate diminishes sexual activity in male rabbits.
41  cold-acclimated
(126 times)
Physiology
(41 times)
NA (25 times)
WA (12 times)
BAT (10 times)
1976 Circulatory changes in cold-acclimation and cold stress.
42  carcinoma
(123 times)
Neoplasms
(31 times)
HGD (8 times)
BPH (6 times)
CT (6 times)
1978 Serum steroids in normal males and patients with prostatic diseases.
43  catecholaminergic
(112 times)
Neurology
(44 times)
TH (31 times)
DA (11 times)
NTS (8 times)
1976 Parkinsonian akinesia, rigidity and tremor in the monkey. Histopathological and neuropharmacological study.
44  categorical agreement
(109 times)
Microbiology
(72 times)
EA (45 times)
mE (43 times)
VME (38 times)
2004 Multicenter evaluation of use of penicillin and ampicillin as surrogates for in vitro testing of susceptibility of enterococci to imipenem.
45  cancer
(100 times)
Neoplasms
(22 times)
BPH (4 times)
CD (4 times)
CI (4 times)
1981 [Results of needle-biopsy of the pleura (author's transl)].
46  clavulanic acid
(100 times)
Microbiology
(28 times)
CTX (6 times)
S. clavuligerus (6 times)
AMX (5 times)
1984 In vitro activity of ticarcillin plus clavulanic acid against 632 clinical isolates.
47  correspondence analysis
(100 times)
Environmental Health
(16 times)
PCA (12 times)
RSCU (7 times)
CCA (6 times)
1988 Computerized classification of two-dimensional gel electrophoretograms by correspondence analysis and ascendant hierarchical clustering.
48  congenital anomalies
(94 times)
Medicine
(12 times)
OR (8 times)
CI (7 times)
CHD (5 times)
1985 Congenital anomalies in the Hutterite population: a preliminary survey and hypothesis.
49  cryoablation
(94 times)
Urology
(28 times)
RFA (39 times)
MWA (11 times)
CI (7 times)
2001 Value of three-dimensional US for optimizing guidance for ablating focal liver tumors.
50  Caucasian
(89 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
AA (77 times)
MS (6 times)
PCa (5 times)
1998 Assessing culturally different students for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder using behavior rating scales.
51  cinnamic acid
(85 times)
Chemistry
(21 times)
SA (12 times)
BA (5 times)
CAL (4 times)
1984 An animal model for nonimmunologic contact urticaria.
52  controlled atmosphere
(84 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(33 times)
1-MCP (13 times)
MAP (4 times)
DCA (3 times)
1971 Effect of controlled atmosphere on growth of mold on synthetic media and fruit.
53  carotid atherosclerosis
(82 times)
Vascular Diseases
(20 times)
IMT (12 times)
CAD (8 times)
CI (8 times)
1988 Systemic arterial hypertension and coronary atherosclerosis. Observations in survivors of a first myocardial infarction.
54  cold agglutinin
(78 times)
Hematology
(37 times)
CAD (7 times)
RF (4 times)
DAT (3 times)
1975 [High titer cold agglutinins with anti-pr specificity after rubella infection (author's transl)].
55  control area
(77 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
OA (12 times)
HBRA (8 times)
IA (8 times)
1980 Efficiency of cardioplegia in the presence of coronary occlusion.
56  cerebellar ataxia
(73 times)
Neurology
(24 times)
SARA (8 times)
3-AP (4 times)
IMU (4 times)
1992 Exclusion of stromelysin-1, stromelysin-2, interstitial collagenase and fibronectin genes as the mutant loci in a family with recessive epidermolysis bullosa dystrophica and a form of cerebellar ataxia.
57  calcium alginate
(70 times)
Environmental Health
(18 times)
SA (10 times)
FTIR (3 times)
SEM (3 times)
1988 Toxic effect of calcium alginate swabs on Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
58  childhood adversity
(68 times)
Psychiatry
(23 times)
CI (7 times)
HPA (5 times)
FA (3 times)
2009 Childhood adversity, adult stressful life events, and risk of past-year psychiatric disorder: a test of the stress sensitization hypothesis in a population-based sample of adults.
59  corpus allatum
(66 times)
Zoology
(35 times)
JH (35 times)
CC (10 times)
PI (6 times)
1977 Ultrastructural localization of juvenile hormone biosynthesis by insect corpora allata.
60  clofibric acid
(64 times)
Environmental Health
(33 times)
DCF (10 times)
CBZ (6 times)
DFC (4 times)
1987 Serum levels of free non-protein bound clofibrinic acid after single dosing to patients with impaired renal function of various degrees--a multicenter study.
61  cortisone acetate
(61 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
HC (8 times)
CY (4 times)
GC (4 times)
1976 Further observations on the inhibition of tumor growth by Corynebacterium parvum with cyclophosphamide. II. Effect of cortisone acetate.
62  chorioamnionitis
(59 times)
Perinatology
(16 times)
BPD (8 times)
PPROM (8 times)
GA (7 times)
1985 A possible "communication line" between the conceptus and the uterus.
63  cyanuric acid
(59 times)
Chemistry
(25 times)
HPLC (5 times)
MEL (4 times)
MM (4 times)
1981 High performance liquid chromatographic determination of cyanuric acid in human urine and pool water.
64  celiac axis
(57 times)
General Surgery
(25 times)
SMA (25 times)
CHA (8 times)
PD (8 times)
1991 Evidence that combined procurement of pancreas and liver grafts does not affect transplant outcome.
65  conceptional age
(57 times)
Neurology
(29 times)
EEG (11 times)
GA (7 times)
QS (5 times)
1981 [Seizures in premature neonates and in full-term neonates (author's transl)].
66  conservation agriculture
(57 times)
Environmental Health
(18 times)
CT (15 times)
SOC (5 times)
GWP (4 times)
2007 The role of conservation agriculture in sustainable agriculture.
67  caffeine
(56 times)
Pharmacology
(19 times)
TB (18 times)
PX (16 times)
TP (16 times)
1978 Evidence for repair of ultraviolet-induced damage in Cystobacter species (Myxobacterales).
68  conventional angiography
(55 times)
Radiology
(21 times)
MRA (16 times)
CTA (7 times)
CT (6 times)
1983 Digital subtraction angiography for evaluation of extracranial carotid occlusive disease: comparison with conventional arteriography.
69  corpora amylacea
(55 times)
Neurology
(20 times)
AD (9 times)
PAS (4 times)
PD (3 times)
1978 Corpora amylacea of the lumbar spinal cord and peripheral nervous system.
70  conjoint analysis
(54 times)
Health Services
(9 times)
WTP (5 times)
AHP (4 times)
DCE (2 times)
1998 Methodological issues in the application of conjoint analysis in health care.
71  Centella asiatica
(53 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
AD (8 times)
AChE (3 times)
CAE (3 times)
1994 In vitro experiments with Centella asiatica: investigation to elucidate the effect of an indigenously prepared powder of this plant on the acid-fastness and viability of M. tuberculosis.
72  contact area
(51 times)
Orthopedics
(16 times)
PP (17 times)
PCP (11 times)
PTI (10 times)
2000 Dynamic pedobarography (DPB) in operative management of cavovarus foot deformity.
73  choanal atresia
(50 times)
Otolaryngology
(23 times)
CT (3 times)
BCA (2 times)
CS (1 time)
1991 Esophageal atresia, choanal atresia, and dysautonomia.
74  classification accuracy
(50 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(22 times)
EEG (15 times)
BCI (12 times)
MI (8 times)
2006 A time-series prediction approach for feature extraction in a brain-computer interface.
75  cerebral aneurysm
(48 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
MCP-1 (5 times)
eNOS (4 times)
NF-kappaB (4 times)
2002 Mouse model of cerebral aneurysm: experimental induction by renal hypertension and local hemodynamic changes.
76  Cobb angle
(48 times)
Orthopedics
(21 times)
ODI (9 times)
VAS (7 times)
AIS (6 times)
1999 [Effect of Harrington instrumentation spondylodesis on scoliotic thoracic deformity. A retrospective 5-year analysis].
77  cytosine-adenine
(47 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
IGF-I (6 times)
AM (4 times)
IGF-1 (4 times)
1995 Genetic diagnosis using polymerase chain reaction and fluorescent in-situ hybridization analysis of biopsied cells from both the cleavage and blastocyst stages of individual cultured human preimplantation embryos.
78  calcium antagonists
(45 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
ACEI (8 times)
BP (4 times)
ABPM (3 times)
1982 [Interaction between calcium antagonists and vascular postsynaptic alpha-receptors].
79  chromosomal abnormalities
(45 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
MM (6 times)
SCE (6 times)
DS (5 times)
1987 Chromosomal abnormalities and sister-chromatid exchange in bone marrow cells of mice and Chinese hamsters after inhalation and intraperitoneal administration: I. Diepoxybutane.
80  carbonate apatite
(44 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(12 times)
HA (10 times)
COM (5 times)
COD (4 times)
1998 Analysis of in vitro reaction layers formed on Bioglass using thin-film X-ray diffraction and ATR-FTIR microspectroscopy.
81  circulatory arrest
(44 times)
General Surgery
(26 times)
CPB (10 times)
TAR (4 times)
CI (3 times)
1984 Fourrier analysis demonstrate EEG slowing after circulatory arrest at 20 degrees C.
82  colon adenocarcinoma
(44 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
CRC (5 times)
Ca (4 times)
CSCs (3 times)
1993 Immunolocalization of integrins in the normal and neoplastic colonic epithelium.
83  cyanoacrylate
(44 times)
Gastroenterology
(9 times)
BRTO (4 times)
GV (4 times)
AL (2 times)
2000 Cytotoxicity of polymerized commercial cyanoacrylate adhesive on cultured human oral fibroblasts.
84  contrast arteriography
(42 times)
Vascular Diseases
(25 times)
MRA (15 times)
DA (5 times)
DUAM (5 times)
1986 A comparison of two radionuclide ejection-fraction techniques with contrast angiography in ischemic heart disease and valvular heart disease.
85  carbon aerogel
(41 times)
Chemistry
(13 times)
EIS (3 times)
Mb (3 times)
SEM (3 times)
2001 Adsorption of Supercritical N(2) and O(2) on Pore-Controlled Carbon Aerogels.
86  centrosome amplification
(41 times)
Neoplasms
(20 times)
CIN (10 times)
MM (3 times)
PLK4 (3 times)
2010 Centrosome amplification as a possible marker of mitotic disruptions and cellular carcinogenesis in multiple myeloma.
87  p-coumaric acid
(41 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
FA (7 times)
MCT (3 times)
2,5-DHB (2 times)
1993 Kinetics of the oxidation of p-coumaric acid by prostaglandin H synthase and hydrogen peroxide.
88  cavernous angioma
(40 times)
Neurosurgery
(16 times)
MRI (6 times)
CASH (2 times)
AVM (1 time)
1988 Familial cavernous angiomas of the brain in an Hispanic family.
89  complicated appendicitis
(40 times)
General Surgery
(27 times)
LA (14 times)
OA (10 times)
AA (8 times)
1993 Acute appendicitis and the use of intraperitoneal cultures.
90  cortical area
(37 times)
Biology
(6 times)
MA (8 times)
TA (6 times)
CCT (4 times)
1980 New standards of cortical mass in the humerus of neonates: a means of evaluating bone loss in the premature infant.
91  calyculin A
(36 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
OA (15 times)
PP1 (9 times)
PP (5 times)
1994 Calyculin A, a non-phorbol ester type tumor promotor, induced oxidative DNA damage in stimulated human neutrophil-like cells.
92  corneal astigmatism
(36 times)
Ophthalmology
(21 times)
CCT (11 times)
ACD (7 times)
AL (7 times)
2008 Dominant genetic effects on corneal astigmatism: the genes in myopia (GEM) twin study.
93  corosolic acid
(36 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
OA (5 times)
UA (5 times)
MA (4 times)
2004 Corosolic acid induces GLUT4 translocation in genetically type 2 diabetic mice.
94  Central Asia
(34 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
SA (7 times)
WA (4 times)
EA (3 times)
1994 Phylogenetic classification of human T cell leukaemia/lymphoma virus type I genotypes in five major molecular and geographical subtypes.
95  Chylous ascites
(34 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
CT (3 times)
LLDN (3 times)
TPN (3 times)
2005 Chylous ascites as a complication of laparoscopic donor nephrectomy.
96  post-cardiac arrest
(33 times)
Emergency Medicine
(11 times)
CPC (6 times)
ICU (5 times)
ROSC (5 times)
2013 Effect of mild hypothermia on the coagulation-fibrinolysis system and physiological anticoagulants after cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a porcine model.
97  catechol
(32 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(9 times)
DA (10 times)
HQ (5 times)
MA (5 times)
1981 In vivo electrochemical detection of catechols in several dopaminergic brain regions of anaesthetized rats.
98  catheter angiography
(31 times)
Radiology
(12 times)
CTA (5 times)
CAD (4 times)
CT (4 times)
1986 The role of intravenous digital subtraction angiography in the evaluation of extracranial carotid artery disease. Can the decision for carotid artery surgery be made solely on the basis of its findings?
99  cochlear aqueduct
(31 times)
Otolaryngology
(23 times)
CSF (7 times)
CT (4 times)
HRCT (4 times)
1982 Functional patency of the cochlear aqueduct.
100  contagious agalactia
(31 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(20 times)
Ma (7 times)
Mmc (6 times)
Mcc (4 times)
2001 A multiplex-PCR for the diagnosis of contagious agalactia of sheep and goats.