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Abbreviation: CAC
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
coronary artery calcium
(1394 times)
Cardiology
(531 times)
CAD (221 times)
CVD (216 times)
CT (148 times)
1995 Quantity of coronary artery calcium detected by electron beam computed tomography in asymptomatic subjects and angiographically studied patients.
coronary artery calcification
(1323 times)
Vascular Diseases
(300 times)
CAD (150 times)
CVD (147 times)
CT (120 times)
1976 The prognostic significance of coronary artery calcification seen on fluoroscopy.
colitis-associated cancer
(436 times)
Neoplasms
(135 times)
DSS (126 times)
IBD (120 times)
AOM (103 times)
2002 Immunohistochemical expression of P53 and oncogenes in ulcerative colitis-associated colorectal carcinoma.
critical aggregation concentration
(384 times)
Chemistry
(242 times)
DLS (50 times)
CMC (49 times)
TEM (49 times)
1992 Conformational states of ribulosebisphosphate carboxylase and their interaction with chaperonin 60.
conjunctival allergen challenge
(55 times)
Ophthalmology
(23 times)
AC (3 times)
BBOS (3 times)
OST (2 times)
1998 Evaluation of olopatadine, a new ophthalmic antiallergic agent with dual activity, using the conjunctival allergen challenge model.
citric acid cycle
(54 times)
Physiology
(17 times)
ETC (4 times)
Fc (4 times)
CoA (2 times)
1983 [Coordinated regulation of the enzyme activity of glucose transport and metabolism in Brevibacterium flavum].
circulating angiogenic cells
(41 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
EPCs (7 times)
EPC (6 times)
BM (2 times)
2005 Depletion of endothelial progenitor cells in the peripheral blood of patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
commercial activated carbon
(38 times)
Environmental Health
(31 times)
AC (2 times)
APC (2 times)
BET (2 times)
2001 Removal of phenol from aqueous solution and resin manufacturing industry wastewater using an agricultural waste: rubber seed coat.
calcium aluminate cement
(33 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
OPC (7 times)
S/S (4 times)
XRD (3 times)
2002 Preparation of calcium aluminate cement for hard tissue repair: effects of lithium fluoride and maleic acid on setting behavior, compressive strength, and biocompatibility.
10  carotid artery compliance
(30 times)
Vascular Diseases
(10 times)
FMD (18 times)
IMT (17 times)
YEM (5 times)
2005 Risk factors identified in childhood and decreased carotid artery elasticity in adulthood: the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study.
11  Child Advocacy Center
(27 times)
Pediatrics
(15 times)
CSA (6 times)
CPS (2 times)
CSEC (2 times)
2007 Which sexual abuse victims receive a forensic medical examination? The impact of Children's Advocacy Centers.
12  Codex Alimentarius Commission
(26 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
MRLs (5 times)
OIE (3 times)
RSDs (3 times)
1997 Codex Alimentarius: food quality and safety standards for international trade.
13  cap-assisted colonoscopy
(24 times)
Gastroenterology
(15 times)
SC (9 times)
ADR (8 times)
EAC (5 times)
2006 Improved colonoscopy success rate with a distally attached mucosectomy cap.
14  COVID-19-associated coagulopathy
(23 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
COVID-19 (8 times)
SARS-CoV-2 (6 times)
DIC (4 times)
2020 The unique characteristics of COVID-19 coagulopathy.
15  chronic acalculous cholecystitis
(21 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(8 times)
GBEF (6 times)
CCC (4 times)
GB (4 times)
1995 [The echographic assessment of the activity of the inflammatory process in patients with chronic acalculous cholecystitis in the choleretic test].
16  cyanoacrylate closure
(20 times)
Vascular Surgical Procedures
(13 times)
RFA (11 times)
GSV (9 times)
EVLA (4 times)
2016 Roll-in phase analysis of clinical study of cyanoacrylate closure for incompetent great saphenous veins.
17  cancer-associated cachexia
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
LLC (3 times)
WAT (3 times)
EPA-PL (2 times)
2011 Adipose triglyceride lipase contributes to cancer-associated cachexia.
18  chronic alcohol consumption
(15 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
AER (2 times)
WT (2 times)
4-MP (1 time)
1988 Granule cell loss and dendritic regrowth in the hippocampal dentate gyrus of the rat after chronic alcohol consumption.
19  coronary calcification
(15 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
CAD (3 times)
AAC (1 time)
ABI (1 time)
2004 A comparison of HDL and LDL cholesterol for prevalent coronary calcification.
20  carnitine/acylcarnitine carrier
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
CIC (1 time)
CPT1 (1 time)
DTE (1 time)
1997 Cloning of the human carnitine-acylcarnitine carrier cDNA and identification of the molecular defect in a patient.
21  comprehensive abortion care
(14 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
MVA (3 times)
MA (2 times)
ECSA (1 time)
2008 Abortion legalized: challenges ahead.
22  coronary artery calcified plaque
(14 times)
Endocrinology
(8 times)
CVD (8 times)
DHS (5 times)
CARDIA (3 times)
2006 Sequence variation in the soluble epoxide hydrolase gene and subclinical coronary atherosclerosis: interaction with cigarette smoking.
23  compression anastomosis clip
(13 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
GJA (1 time)
HS (1 time)
JJA (1 time)
2002 Colonic anastomosis with the nickel-titanium temperature-dependent memory-shape device.
24  CHROMagar Candida
(11 times)
Microbiology
(9 times)
SDA (2 times)
ALB2 (1 time)
CAID (1 time)
1998 [Rapid differentiation and presumptive identificaiton of yeasts using Candida CHROM-agar medium].
25  colon adenocarcinoma
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
IHC (2 times)
TNM (2 times)
CEA (1 time)
2012 [Expression of some biomarkers in primary colon adenocarcinomas and their lymph node metastases].
26  colorectal adenocarcinoma
(11 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
BAC (2 times)
IBD (2 times)
UAC (2 times)
1995 [Relationship between proliferative activity, and tissue differentiation and invasive mode in human oral squamous cell and colorectal carcinomas analysed by PCNA immunostaining].
27  coronary calcium score
(11 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
CAD (2 times)
CIMT (2 times)
CTA (2 times)
2010 Coronary artery calcification and cardiovascular risk: the role of RANKL/OPG signalling.
28  cerebral arterial circle
(9 times)
Anatomy
(4 times)
ACoA (1 time)
CEA (1 time)
CoW (1 time)
2005 The tenth vascular component in a rare form of the cerebral arterial circle of fetuses.
29  cervical adenocarcinoma
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
CC (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
AH (1 time)
2001 [Evaluation of combined treatment in stage-II cervical cancer in terms of morphologic structure of the tumor].
30  Community Advisory Committee
(9 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
CBPR (5 times)
APs (1 time)
EMP (1 time)
2007 The benefits of participatory methodologies to develop effective community dialogue in the context of a microbicide trial feasibility study in Mwanza, Tanzania.
31  colitis-associated CRC
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
CRC (8 times)
AOM (2 times)
DSS (2 times)
2013 Chronic ulcerative colitis and colorectal cancer.
32  coronary calcium
(8 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
CVD (3 times)
AWT (2 times)
AC (1 time)
2008 The association between plasma caspase-3, atherosclerosis, and vascular function in the Dallas Heart Study.
33  cutaneous apocrine carcinoma
(8 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
ER (2 times)
PR (2 times)
SRC (1 time)
2010 Mammaglobin immunostaining in the differential diagnosis between cutaneous apocrine carcinoma and cutaneous metastasis from breast carcinoma.
34  chronic atrophic candidiasis
(7 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CDOD (1 time)
DI (1 time)
HE (1 time)
1981 A retrospective study of patients with recurrent chronic atrophic candidosis.
35  Cardiac arrest center
(6 times)
Emergency Medicine
(4 times)
OHCA (5 times)
CPR (2 times)
ROSC (2 times)
2011 Regional impact of cardiac arrest center criteria on out-of-hospital transportation practices.
36  Children's Asthma Care
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
HMPC (3 times)
CCCs (1 time)
CHLA (1 time)
2011 Hospital-level compliance with asthma care quality measures at children's hospitals and subsequent asthma-related outcomes.
37  Clinical Advisory Committee
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
WHO (5 times)
ILSG (4 times)
IPI (4 times)
1999 World Health Organization classification of neoplastic diseases of the hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues: report of the Clinical Advisory Committee meeting-Airlie House, Virginia, November 1997.
38  colonic adenocarcinoma
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CRC (2 times)
Birmingham, AL (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1992 Primary appendiceal malignancies: rare but important.
39  computer-aided classification
(6 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
BI-RADS (2 times)
ROC (2 times)
ABUS (1 time)
2004 Computer-aided classification of BI-RADS category 3 breast lesions.
40  cystadenocarcinoma
(6 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
BOTs (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
1994 [Cystic tumors of the pancreas: apropos of 36 cases].
41  cellulose accessibility to cellulase
(5 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
CBM (2 times)
BMCC (1 time)
CBHI (1 time)
2007 Quantitative determination of cellulose accessibility to cellulase based on adsorption of a nonhydrolytic fusion protein containing CBM and GFP with its applications.
42  colitis-associated carcinoma
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
DSS (2 times)
AOM (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2012 Colitis and colorectal cancer.
43  Community Advisory Council
(5 times)
Primary Health Care
(3 times)
CBPR (2 times)
AAPs (1 time)
DVD (1 time)
2007 Rural community members' perceptions of harm from medical mistakes: a High Plains Research Network (HPRN) Study.
44  compound action currents
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CAP (1 time)
CVDs (1 time)
MNG (1 time)
1991 A model for compound action potentials and currents in a nerve bundle. II: A sensitivity analysis of model parameters for the forward and inverse calculations.
45  calcified atherosclerotic plaque in the coronary arteries
(4 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
CI (1 time)
NHLBI (1 time)
2005 Relation of the metabolic syndrome to calcified atherosclerotic plaque in the coronary arteries and aorta.
46  calcium scores
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ART (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CCTA (1 time)
2010 [Cardiac SPECT/CT: correlation between atherosclerosis, significant coronary artery stenoses and myocardial perfusion parameters in patients with known coronary artery disease].
47  call admission control
(4 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(2 times)
QoS (3 times)
ATM (1 time)
CLR (1 time)
2003 Novel neutral network approach to call admission control in high-speed networks.
48  cardiac autonomic control
(4 times)
Respiratory Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CAP (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2016 Cardiovascular autonomic alterations in hospitalized patients with community-acquired pneumonia.
49  celiac artery compression
(4 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
CT (2 times)
AE (1 time)
CACS (1 time)
2013 Celiac artery compression syndrome: a radiological finding without clinical symptoms?
50  cellulose acetate
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CAG (2 times)
DCPD (1 time)
HPMC (1 time)
1980 Cord blood screening for hemoglobin abnormalities by thin layer isoelectric focusing.
51  cerebral aneurysm clipping
(4 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
NIS (2 times)
90dRAs (1 time)
CACo (1 time)
2013 Predicting inpatient complications from cerebral aneurysm clipping: the Nationwide Inpatient Sample 2005-2009.
52  circulus arteriosus cerebri
(4 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
ACoA (1 time)
BM (1 time)
CSL (1 time)
1992 [The correlation of the parameters of the circulus arteriosus cerebri and of the main cerebral arteries and their variability in circulus arteriosus anomalies].
53  collagen-alginate composite
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
ALG (1 time)
Col (1 time)
DFDB (1 time)
2009 A histomorphometric study on collagen-apatite composite as a graft material: the influence of gap size at the titanium-bone interface in animal model.
54  colorectal cancer
(4 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
ANTs (1 time)
bpy (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
2004 Autoimmune thyroid diseases in women with breast cancer and colorectal cancer.
55  complement-activating capacity
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
Abs (1 time)
ACP (1 time)
beta2GPI (1 time)
1983 Membrane sialoglycolipids regulate the activation of alternative complement pathway by liposomes containing trinitrophenylaminocaproyldipalmitoylphosphatidylethaolamine.
56  computed assessment of cleansing
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
CE (2 times)
AAC (1 time)
CCE (1 time)
2011 Description of a novel grading system to assess the quality of bowel preparation in video capsule endoscopy.
57  contact activation cofactor
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1975 Partial purification and characterization of contact activation cofactor.
58  continuous annular chromatography
(4 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
P-CAC (1 time)
2002 Continuous isolation of plasmid DNA by annular chromatography.
59  critical assembly concentration
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DLS (1 time)
ITC (1 time)
NAs (1 time)
2002 In vitro matrix assembly induced by critical assembly concentration (CAC).
60  cachexia
(3 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
SCP (2 times)
ALM (1 time)
CHF (1 time)
2018 Association Between 3-Iodothyronamine (T1am) Concentrations and Left Ventricular Function in Chronic Heart Failure.
61  cacophony
(3 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
cox1 (1 time)
NMJ (1 time)
2008 straightjacket is required for the synaptic stabilization of cacophony, a voltage-gated calcium channel alpha1 subunit.
62  calcification
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CAD (2 times)
CA (1 time)
CSM (1 time)
2017 Two-year outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention of calcified lesions with drug-eluting stents.
63  calcium
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
AVC (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
1981 Changes in extracellular calcium activity in cerebral ischaemia.
64  calculated attenuation correction
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
MAC (2 times)
PET (2 times)
CTAC (1 time)
2002 Interscan displacement-induced variance in PET activation data is excluded by a scan-specific attenuation correction.
65  canopy air curtain
(3 times)
NIOSH (3 times)
CFD (1 time)
pDR (1 time)
2017 Development of a roof bolter canopy air curtain for respirable dust control.
66  cardiovascular autonomic control
(3 times)
Psychophysiology
(2 times)
PSG (3 times)
NREM (2 times)
REM (2 times)
2015 Preserved cardiac autonomic dynamics during sleep in subjects with spinal cord injuries.
67  chloroacetyl chloride
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
AcAn (1 time)
CAA (1 time)
DDC (1 time)
1985 Monitoring airborne reactive chemicals by derivatization and high performance thin layer chromatography--anhydrides, acid halides, isocyanates.
68  clathrin adaptor complex
(3 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
GAPDH (2 times)
18S rRNA (1 time)
alpha-TUB (1 time)
2014 The choice of reference genes for assessing gene expression in sugarcane under salinity and drought stresses.
69  command-and-control
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
CSR (1 time)
EI (1 time)
EPR (1 time)
2014 A comparative assessment of economic-incentive and command-and-control instruments for air pollution and CO2 control in China's iron and steel sector.
70  confidence-accuracy characteristic
(3 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
--- 2017 The range of confidence scales does not affect the relationship between confidence and accuracy in recognition memory.
71  conventional adenocarcinoma
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CRC (2 times)
MAC (2 times)
AC-MPC (1 time)
2014 Inverse effect of mucinous component on survival in stage III colorectal cancer.
72  conventional aerobic composting
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AMF (1 time)
AMFAC (1 time)
DC-DC (1 time)
2019 Electric field induces electron flow to simultaneously enhance the maturity of aerobic composting and mitigate greenhouse gas emissions.
73  coronary artery calcified atherosclerotic plaque
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
T2D (3 times)
CVD (2 times)
SNPs (2 times)
2013 Impact of HDL genetic risk scores on coronary artery calcified plaque and mortality in individuals with type 2 diabetes from the Diabetes Heart Study.
74  coronary atherosclerosis
(3 times)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
ASVCD (1 time)
BAC (1 time)
CIMT (1 time)
2011 Firefighters, heart disease, and aspects of insulin resistance: the FEMA Firefighter Heart Disease Prevention study.
75  COVID-19 associate cystitis
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
2020 COVID-19 inflammation results in urine cytokine elevation and causes COVID-19 associated cystitis (CAC).
76  COVID-19-associated candidiasis
(3 times)
Fungi
(3 times)
ARDS (1 time)
CAPA (1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
2020 COVID-19-Associated Candidiasis (CAC): An Underestimated Complication in the Absence of Immunological Predispositions?
77  California Association of Criminalists
(2 times)
Forensic Medicine
(1 time)
ABC (1 time)
CCSC (1 time)
RFLP (1 time)
1996 Validation of probe EFD52 (D17S26) for forensic DNA analysis.
78  call ambulance crews
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
MI (2 times)
2015 [Clinical and Economic Efficacy of Ivabradine in Patients Suffered Myocardial Infarction].
79  Candida albicans candidemia
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
NAC (2 times)
ICU (1 time)
2007 Epidemiology, risk factors, and outcomes of Candida albicans versus non-albicans candidemia in nonneutropenic patients.
80  cardiac adenocarcinoma
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
ESCC (1 time)
GAC (1 time)
2003 Association of cyclin D1 (G870A) polymorphism with susceptibility to esophageal and gastric cardiac carcinoma in a northern Chinese population.
81  Cardiff Acuity Cards
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
LG (1 time)
TAC (1 time)
VA (1 time)
2004 Comparative evaluation of Teller and Cardiff acuity tests in normals and unilateral amblyopes in under-two-year-olds.
82  carnitine-acylcarnitine translocase
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
--- 1999 Submitochondrial and subcellular distributions of the carnitine-acylcarnitine carrier.
83  catalytic asymmetric Claisen rearrangement
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
--- 2005 Catalytic asymmetric claisen rearrangement in natural product synthesis: synthetic studies toward (-)-xeniolide F.
84  cell affinity chromatography
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
CDI (1 time)
GS-I (1 time)
HpA (1 time)
1995 Membrane-based cell affinity chromatography to retrieve viable cells.
85  Central America and the Caribbean
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CRC (1 time)
MCDA (1 time)
mCRC (1 time)
2018 Consensus on management of metastatic colorectal cancer in Central America and the Caribbean: San José, Costa Rica, August 2016.
86  centro-acinar cell
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
AChE (1 time)
1981 Ultrastructural study on the centro-acinar cells of the mink pancreas with particular reference to the acetyl cholinesterase (AChE) activity.
87  chemical alarm cue
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EOG (1 time)
WAF (1 time)
2016 Altered brain ion gradients following compensation for elevated CO2 are linked to behavioural alterations in a coral reef fish.
88  cholangiocarcinoma
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
HCC (2 times)
GSSs (1 time)
S-score (1 time)
2008 Flavonoid intake and liver cancer: a case-control study in Greece.
89  cholesterol acceptor capacity
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
CEC (1 time)
CKD (1 time)
FTM (1 time)
2015 Profound Changes in Sex Hormone Levels during Cross-Sex Hormone Therapy of Transsexuals do not Alter Serum Cholesterol Acceptor Capacity.
90  chronological-age controls
(2 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(1 time)
RLC (1 time)
SLI (1 time)
STM (1 time)
2005 Word learning in children with vocabulary deficits.
91  cinnamic acid
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CALC (2 times)
CA (1 time)
CAL (1 time)
1996 Studies on trans-cinnamaldehyde II: Mechanisms of cytotoxicity in rat isolated hepatocytes.
92  circulating anticoagulant
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
aPL (1 time)
APS (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1988 Phenothiazine-induced systemic lupus erythematosus with superior vena cava syndrome: case report and review of the literature.
93  classification accuracy of calibration
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BRAF (2 times)
NIR (2 times)
CAP (1 time)
2019 Detection of the BRAF V600E Mutation in Colorectal Cancer by NIR Spectroscopy in Conjunction with Counter Propagation Artificial Neural Network.
94  clinician-assisted computer-based
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BDI-II (1 time)
CBT/MI (1 time)
PCT (1 time)
2011 Acceptability of a clinician-assisted computerized psychological intervention for comorbid mental health and substance use problems: treatment adherence data from a randomized controlled trial.
95  coal-made activated carbon
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CMs (2 times)
DBP (1 time)
DBPs (1 time)
2019 Effects of carbon materials on the formation of disinfection byproducts during chlorination: Pore structure and functional groups.
96  Coat-A-Count
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GC/MS (1 time)
1989 Methamphetamine in antemortem blood and urine by radioimmunoassay and GC/MS.
97  Coat-A-Count morphine in urine
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
ABUS (2 times)
TDx (2 times)
EMIT (1 time)
1992 Forensic drug testing for opiates. IV. Analytical sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of commercial urine opiate immunoassays.
98  coated activated charcoal
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1983 Effect of desferrioxamine on removal of aluminum and iron by coated charcoal haemoperfusion and haemodialysis.
99  coelomic amoebocyte concentration
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ROS (2 times)
2003 Field contamination of the starfish Asterias rubens by metals. Part 2: Effects on cellular immunity.
100  cognitive analytic consultancy
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
AOT (1 time)
TAU (1 time)
2014 Team consultancy using cognitive analytic therapy: a controlled study in assertive outreach.