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Abbreviation: CAI
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
chronic ankle instability
(549 times)
Sports Medicine
(300 times)
SEBT (42 times)
COP (34 times)
CAIT (25 times)
2003 Factors Contributing to Chronic Ankle Instability: A Strength Perspective.
computer-assisted instruction
(224 times)
Education
(48 times)
ASD (3 times)
ADN (2 times)
APNs (2 times)
1974 The medical librarian and computer-assisted instruction.
codon adaptation index
(152 times)
Molecular Biology
(34 times)
ENC (36 times)
RSCU (35 times)
RCDI (15 times)
1994 Compositional heterogeneity of the Escherichia coli genome: a role for VSP repair?
clinical activity index
(106 times)
Gastroenterology
(68 times)
UC (82 times)
GMA (19 times)
IBD (14 times)
1989 Health status and disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus.
condomless anal intercourse
(93 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(44 times)
MSM (52 times)
PrEP (12 times)
aOR (6 times)
2015 Binge drinking and risky sexual behavior among HIV-negative and unknown HIV status men who have sex with men, 20 US cities.
carbonic anhydrase inhibitor
(91 times)
Ophthalmology
(40 times)
IOP (23 times)
CME (5 times)
POAG (5 times)
1979 Volume expansion-induced alterations in proximal tubule chloride gradient in the rat.
carboxyamidotriazole
(79 times)
Neoplasms
(25 times)
IL (6 times)
VEGF (5 times)
AA (4 times)
1993 Quantitation of human plasma levels of the anticancer agent carboxyamidotriazole by high-performance liquid chromatography.
central apnea index
(76 times)
Psychophysiology
(21 times)
AHI (35 times)
CSA (31 times)
PSG (20 times)
1995 Central apnea index decreases after prolonged treatment with acetazolamide.
carbonic anhydrase I
(43 times)
Molecular Biology
(13 times)
CAII (8 times)
RBC (4 times)
BFU-E (2 times)
1974 Deficiency of a carbonic anhydrase (CAI) isoenzyme in the chinchilla.
10  community-acquired infection
(35 times)
Communicable Diseases
(13 times)
HAI (21 times)
HCAI (8 times)
MRSA (4 times)
1992 An 11-month incidence study of infections in wards of a district general hospital.
11  chronic allograft injury
(28 times)
Transplantation
(13 times)
CNI (4 times)
AR (3 times)
eGFR (3 times)
2008 Long-term outcome of early steroid withdrawal after kidney transplantation in African American recipients monitored by surveillance biopsy.
12  colitis activity index
(26 times)
Gastroenterology
(20 times)
UC (16 times)
IBD (9 times)
CD (6 times)
1994 [Substitution of factor XIII concentrate in treatment refractory ulcerative colitis. A prospective pilot study].
13  central adrenal insufficiency
(24 times)
Endocrinology
(20 times)
PWS (9 times)
ITT (5 times)
HPA (3 times)
2007 Evaluation of adrenal function using the human corticotrophin-releasing hormone test, low dose Synacthen test and 9am cortisol level in children and adolescents with central adrenal insufficiency.
14  Child Attachment Interview
(20 times)
Psychology
(7 times)
RF (2 times)
TSCC (2 times)
ADHD (1 time)
2008 The Child Attachment Interview: a psychometric study of reliability and discriminant validity.
15  Cognitive Assessment Interview
(17 times)
Psychiatry
(10 times)
GAF (2 times)
MCCB (2 times)
PANSS (2 times)
2010 The Cognitive Assessment Interview (CAI): development and validation of an empirically derived, brief interview-based measure of cognition.
16  calcium-aluminum-rich inclusion
(14 times)
Science
(8 times)
AOAs (2 times)
HSE (2 times)
MG (2 times)
1991 Calcic micas in the allende meteorite: evidence for hydration reactions in the early solar nebula.
17  CA inhibitor
(12 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
CA (4 times)
CAII (1 time)
CAIX (1 time)
1992 Luminal pH in the amphibian distal tubule: effects of carbonic anhydrase and carbonic anhydrase inhibitors.
18  carotid artery injury
(12 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
BCVI (4 times)
VAI (4 times)
ATC (1 time)
2001 Blunt cerebrovascular injuries: diagnosis and treatment.
19  central augmentation index
(11 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
ECP (3 times)
LV (2 times)
pAI (2 times)
2005 Large artery stiffness and pulse wave reflection: results of a population-based study.
20  catheter-associated infection
(10 times)
Communicable Diseases
(3 times)
CRBSI (2 times)
CVC (2 times)
ALL (1 time)
1999 Reducing catheter-associated infections with silver-impregnated catheters in long-term therapy of children.
21  Children's Food and Beverage Advertising Initiative
(9 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
NPM (2 times)
PAHO (2 times)
CSR (1 time)
2011 Self-regulation by industry of food marketing is having little impact during children's preferred television.
22  chronic alcohol intoxication
(9 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
AH (1 time)
AW (1 time)
bFGF (1 time)
1989 [Disorders of immunity in alcoholic patients with myocardial infarction].
23  cervical artificial insemination
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
BCS (1 time)
CAIG (1 time)
DARIO (1 time)
2011 Infiltration of local immune cells in the sow reproductive tracts after intra-uterine and deep intra-uterine insemination with a reduced number of spermatozoa is less than conventional artificial insemination.
24  coded aperture imaging
(7 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
SNR (2 times)
DLNN (1 time)
FAI (1 time)
1979 Thyroid scintigraphy with time-coded aperture.
25  Community Asthma Initiative
(7 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4 times)
ED (4 times)
ROI (4 times)
QoL (2 times)
2011 Children's hospital boston community Asthma initiative: partnerships and outcomes advance policy change.
26  complete androgen insensitivity
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
AR (2 times)
GSF (2 times)
BMD (1 time)
1979 Complete androgen insensitivity with a normal amount of 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone-binding activity in labium majus skin fibroblasts.
27  Context Assessment Index
(7 times)
Nursing
(4 times)
PARIHS (2 times)
CFI (1 time)
PCC (1 time)
2009 Development and testing of the Context Assessment Index (CAI).
28  celiac artery infusion
(6 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
5-FU (3 times)
UICC (1 time)
WHO (1 time)
1997 Celiac artery adjuvant chemotherapy. Results of a prospective trial.
29  cholesterol absorption inhibitor
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
NPC1L1 (2 times)
CE (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
2002 Synthesis of fluorescent biochemical tools related to the 2-azetidinone class of cholesterol absorption inhibitors.
30  chronic arterial insufficiency
(6 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
ABI (1 time)
ARI (1 time)
CAH (1 time)
1982 [Echocardiographic study of chronic aortic insufficiency. Hemodynamic, angiographic and total clinical correlates. II. Evaluation of left ventricular function].
31  coronary atherosclerosis index
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CAD (4 times)
API (1 time)
CAG (1 time)
1993 [The relative assessment of atherosclerosis in vessels of major organs and its factors for progression].
32  chronic lateral ankle instability
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
AOFAS (2 times)
AAI (1 time)
ATFL (1 time)
2015 Concomitant Syndesmotic Instability and Medial Ankle Instability Are Risk Factors for Unsatisfactory Outcomes in Patients With Chronic Ankle Instability.
33  compression after impact
(5 times)
Polymers
(2 times)
CFRP (2 times)
GFRP (2 times)
OHC (1 time)
2017 Compression Fracture of CFRP Laminates Containing Stress Intensifications.
34  computer aided implantology
(5 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CBCT (3 times)
COVID-19 (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2011 Depth deviation and occurrence of early surgical complications or unexpected events using a single stereolithographic surgi-guide.
35  condylar asymmetry index
(5 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
CG (3 times)
RAI (3 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
2012 Effects of early bilateral mandibular first molar extraction on condylar and ramal vertical asymmetry.
36  cultural agreement index
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
FL (5 times)
IAR (5 times)
RI (5 times)
2013 Ethnomedicinal application of native remedies used against diabetes and related complications in Mauritius.
37  Caring Ability Inventory
(4 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
CDI (1 time)
EI (1 time)
2003 An assessment of pharmacists' caring ability.
38  cartilaginous acetabular index
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
DDH (3 times)
MRI (3 times)
BAI (2 times)
2012 Development of the osseous and cartilaginous acetabular index in normal children and those with developmental dysplasia of the hip: a cross-sectional study using MRI.
39  catecholamine index
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
SOFA (2 times)
ALI (1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
2009 Early induction of PMX-DHP improves oxygenation in severe sepsis patients with acute lung injury.
40  celiac axis infusion
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ASF (1 time)
HAP (1 time)
IHP (1 time)
1991 Celiac axis infusion (CAI) chemotherapy for advanced gastric cancer.
41  Children's Autobiographical Interview
(4 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
AM (2 times)
CH (1 time)
HYPO (1 time)
2012 Episodic and Semantic Autobiographical Memory and Everyday Memory during Late Childhood and Early Adolescence.
42  cochlea amplifier implant
(4 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
CA (2 times)
CI (2 times)
ITI (2 times)
1998 [Active electronic cochlear implants for middle and inner ear hearing loss--a new era in ear surgery. I: Basic principles and recommendations on nomenclature].
43  codon adaption index
(4 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
COD (1 time)
EENS (1 time)
HEF (1 time)
1996 The relation between codon usage, base correlation and gene expression level in Escherichia coli and yeast.
44  Community Assessment Inventory
(4 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(4 times)
ASI (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
PWUD (1 time)
2000 Measuring client clinical progress in therapeutic community treatment. The therapeutic community Client Assessment Inventory, Client Assessment Summary, and Staff Assessment Summary.
45  Computer Articulation Instrument
(4 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(4 times)
MRR (3 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
ICCs (1 time)
2019 The Psychometric Evaluation of a Speech Production Test Battery for Children: The Reliability and Validity of the Computer Articulation Instrument.
46  Ca-Al-rich inclusion
(3 times)
WL (1 time)
2018 Adrianite, Ca12(Al4Mg3Si7)O32Cl6, a new Cl-rich silicate mineral from the Allende meteorite: An alteration phase in a Ca-Al-rich inclusion.
47  carbon availability index
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BR (1 time)
GI (1 time)
GIR (1 time)
2016 Effects of Soil Temperature and Moisture on Soil Respiration on the Tibetan Plateau.
48  carbonic anhydrase-I isozyme
(3 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
RBC (2 times)
Hb (1 time)
Zn (1 time)
1991 Erythrocyte carbonic anhydrase-I concentrations in patients with Graves' disease and subacute thyroiditis reflect integrated thyroid hormone levels over the previous few months.
49  cartilaginous AI
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
AI (3 times)
DDH (2 times)
AVN (1 time)
2018 Predicting acetabular growth in developmental dysplasia of the hip following open reduction after walking age.
50  Case Assessment and Interpretation
(3 times)
Jurisprudence
(3 times)
FSS (3 times)
2000 The impact of the principles of evidence interpretation on the structure and content of statements.
51  Central American Isthmus
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
AFLP (1 time)
2002 Land barriers and open oceans: effects on gene diversity and population structure in Avicennia germinans L. (Avicenniaceae).
52  children adopted internationally
(3 times)
Speech Disorders
(2 times)
--- 2016 False Belief Performance of Children Adopted Internationally.
53  chronic abdominal ischemia
(3 times)
Therapeutics
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
ILLI (1 time)
LI (1 time)
2000 [Chronic abdominal ischemia: clinical manifestations, diagnostic potential and treatment policy].
54  College of Anaesthesetists of Ireland
(3 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CAST (1 time)
EPAs (1 time)
2016 EWTD compliance amongst Anaesthesia trainees in Ireland.
55  Competency Assessment Instrument
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
CST (1 time)
IFI (1 time)
SMI (1 time)
1987 An evaluation of procedures for assessing competency to stand trial.
56  Comprehensive Agreement on Investment
(3 times)
--- 2021 Seize opportunities and jointly advance China-EU economic and trade relations.
57  Comprehensive Asthma Inventory
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
SDS (2 times)
CMI (1 time)
CVA (1 time)
1984 [Studies on comprehensive asthma inventory (CAI). History of CAI and its current use].
58  concentration addition index
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
EAI (3 times)
BRI (2 times)
Cd (1 time)
2012 Two novel indices for quantitatively characterizing the toxicity interaction between ionic liquid and carbamate pesticides.
59  Concussion Attitude Index
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
CKI (3 times)
RoCKAS (2 times)
LTFU (1 time)
2017 Investigation of the Rosenbaum Concussion Knowledge and Attitudes Survey in Collegiate Athletes.
60  Continuous apomorphine infusion
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
PD (3 times)
LEDD (2 times)
RU-PEC (1 time)
2004 Continuous apomorphine infusion (CAI) and neuropsychiatric disorders in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease: a follow-up of two years.
61  continuous arterial infusion
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
AI (1 time)
HCT (1 time)
IVE (1 time)
1998 [Continuous arterial infusion of protease inhibitor with supplementary therapy for the patients with severe acute pancreatitis--clinical effect of arterial injection of ulinastatin].
62  Cumulative Stress/Adversity Interview
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
BMI (1 time)
CALE (1 time)
CES-D (1 time)
2014 Emotion dysregulation mediates the relationship between lifetime cumulative adversity and depressive symptomatology.
63  calpain inhibitor
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ABCA1 (1 time)
ApoE KO (1 time)
DMSO (1 time)
1999 Calpain inhibitor-1 reduces infarct size and DNA fragmentation of myocardium in ischemic/reperfused rat heart.
64  calving interval
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
OR (2 times)
Ab (1 time)
AFC (1 time)
2010 Genetic and environmental parameters for milk production, udder health, and fertility traits in Mexican Holstein cows.
65  capsid assembly inhibitor
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CD (1 time)
CLSM (1 time)
2005 A peptide inhibitor of HIV-1 assembly in vitro.
66  carcinogenic agents
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
OR (1 time)
ORs (1 time)
2013 Occupation and educational inequalities in laryngeal cancer: the use of a job index.
67  cardiac asymmetry index
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CCI (2 times)
CDIs (1 time)
CRA (1 time)
2009 Development of new cardiac deformity indexes for pectus excavatum on computed tomography: feasibility for pre- and post-operative evaluation.
68  cardiomyocyte apoptosis index
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AT2 (2 times)
con2 (2 times)
exp2 (2 times)
2004 Astragalus prevents diabetic rats from developing cardiomyopathy by downregulating angiotensin II type2 receptors' expression.
69  cardiovascular autonomic insufficiency
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
PS (1 time)
1986 Study of cardiovascular autonomic insufficiency in advanced cancer patients.
70  carotid artery
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CA-E (1 time)
DSA (1 time)
PDA (1 time)
1989 Abnormal blood flow patterns in renal arteries of small preterm infants with patent ductus arteriosus detected by Doppler ultrasonography.
71  cavernosal artery insufficiency
(2 times)
Urology
(2 times)
CC-EMG (1 time)
CVCM (1 time)
CVOD (1 time)
1993 Evaluation of erectile dysfunction by dynamic infusion cavernosometry and cavernosography (DICC). Multi-institutional study.
72  celiac axis intra-arterial infusions
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
5-FU (1 time)
pts (1 time)
1997 Celiac artery adjuvant chemotherapy. Results of a prospective trial.
73  cell adhesion index
(2 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
Bge (1 time)
IDS (1 time)
2003 Carbohydrate inhibition of Biomphalaria glabrata embryonic (Bge) cell adhesion to primary sporocysts of Schistosoma mansoni.
74  cerebellar asymmetry index
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
CCD (2 times)
ANCOVA (1 time)
BOLD (1 time)
2020 Crossed Cerebellar Diaschisis in Patients with Diffuse Glioma Is Associated with Impaired Supratentorial Cerebrovascular Reactivity and Worse Clinical Outcome.
75  cerebral atrophy index
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
AF (1 time)
AI (1 time)
2004 Frequency and determinants of prestroke dementia in a Chinese cohort.
76  cervical arterial injuries
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
CTA (1 time)
1999 Computed tomographic angiography as a screening modality for blunt cervical arterial injuries: preliminary results.
77  coach analysis instrument
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
CCAS (1 time)
1991 Measuring the reliability of a computer-aided systematic observation instrument.
78  coactivation index
(2 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
BTD (1 time)
COP (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2016 Coactivation During Dynamometry Testing in Adolescents With Spastic Cerebral Palsy.
79  combined arteriosclerotic index
(2 times)
Jurisprudence
(2 times)
--- 2011 Age estimation based on a combined arteriosclerotic index.
80  community-acquired
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
HCAI (2 times)
ARB (1 time)
HAI (1 time)
2015 Microbiology of healthcare-associated infections and the definition accuracy to predict infection by potentially drug resistant pathogens: a systematic review.
81  Computer-aided image analysis
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
HE (1 time)
IDC (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2015 New breast cancer prognostic factors identified by computer-aided image analysis of HE stained histopathology images.
82  Contextual Assessment Inventory
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
--- 2009 Contextual variables affecting aggressive behaviour in individuals with mild to borderline intellectual disabilities who live in a residential facility.
83  continuous arterial infusion chemotherapy
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
AP (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2004 Role of positron emission tomography with 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose in evaluating the effects of arterial infusion chemotherapy and radiotherapy on pancreatic cancer.
84  continuous subcutaneous apomorphine infusion
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
PD (1 time)
2004 Continuous apomorphine infusion (CAI) and neuropsychiatric disorders in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease: a follow-up of two years.
85  coronary artery index
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
BGL (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
2011 The additive value of transient left ventricular dilation using two-day dipyridamole 99mTc-MIBI SPET for screening coronary artery disease in patients with otherwise normal myocardial perfusion: a comparison between diabetic and non-diabetic cases.
86  cumulative motor unit activity index
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
CKC (2 times)
CST (2 times)
RMS (2 times)
2019 Improved Assessment of Muscle Excitation From Surface Electromyograms in Isometric Muscle Contractions.
87  cytology activity index
(2 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 1984 [Developments in mass screening for uterine cancer in the past 10 years (1972-1981) in Shimane Prefecture--cell sampling method and the central cytological diagnostic system].
88  5-amino-1-1(4'-chlorobenzoyl-3,5-dichlorobenzyl)-1,2,3-triazole-4-carboxamide
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1996 Identification and characterization of human metabolites of CAI [5-amino-1-1(4'-chlorobenzoyl-3,5-dichlorobenzyl)-1,2,3-triazole- 4-carboxamide).
89  auditory canal
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 1983 [Microsurgical neurolysis of the 8th cranial nerve in cochleo-vestibular disorders using an extended transtemporal approach].
90  CA and CI combined
(1 time)
Animal Diseases
(1 time)
CAM (1 time)
CAMI (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2013 Fermentation Quality of Ensiled Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) as Affected by Additives.
91  CA IX
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
2009 Imaging of CA IX with fluorescent labelled sulfonamides distinguishes hypoxic and (re)-oxygenated cells in a xenograft tumour model.
92  CA-binding peptide
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
2008 Residues in the HIV-1 capsid assembly inhibitor binding site are essential for maintaining the assembly-competent quaternary structure of the capsid protein.
93  cabbage-specific identification
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
RAPD (1 time)
STS (1 time)
2004 DNA-based identification of Brassica vegetable species for the juice industry.
94  CAI ankles demonstrating longer EMD
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
EMD (1 time)
2016 Peroneal electromechanical delay and fatigue in patients with chronic ankle instability.
95  CAI group
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ATFL (1 time)
CT (1 time)
HU (1 time)
2020 Bone Mineralization Changes in the Subchondral Bone of the Medial Gutter in Chronic Lateral Ankle Instability.
96  CAI group reported greater disablement as indicated from PSC
(1 time)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
ESs (1 time)
mDPA (1 time)
2018 Differences in the Modified Disablement in the Physically Active Scale in Those With and Without Chronic Ankle Instability.
97  CAI-Sp
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
DAS-S (1 time)
FEP (1 time)
2016 The Cognitive Assessment Interview: A comparative study in first episode and chronic patients with psychosis.
98  calcium antagonists
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ISDN (1 time)
PR (1 time)
1978 [Effects of the association of Ca-antagonists with nitroderivatives or betablocking drugs in effort angina pectoris (author's transl)].
99  calcium influx inhibitor, carboxyamido-triazole
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HNSCC (1 time)
MMP (1 time)
1998 Inhibition of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma growth and invasion by the calcium influx inhibitor carboxyamido-triazole.
100  calcium influx, carboxyamido-triazole
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
CHO (1 time)
PI3K (1 time)
1997 Regulation of cell spreading during differentiation in the muscarinic M5 receptor tumor-suppressor model.