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Abbreviation: CAs
Appearance Frequency: 1950 time(s)
Long forms: 249

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
chromosomal aberrations
(439 times)
Genetics
(122 times)
SCEs (161 times)
MN (118 times)
MI (79 times)
1981 Differential inducibility of chromosome aberrations and sister-chromatid exchanges by indirect mutagens in various mammalian cell lines.
carbonic anhydrases
(280 times)
Biochemistry
(61 times)
MCTs (13 times)
CAIs (12 times)
HCA II (6 times)
1981 Comparative properties of tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta, carbonic anhydrases.
contrast agents
(208 times)
Chemistry
(44 times)
MRI (107 times)
Gd (14 times)
CT (11 times)
1999 Neurotolerability of gadobenate dimeglumine. Evaluation of brain dopamine concentration in freely moving rats by microdialysis.
catecholamines
(174 times)
Neurology
(28 times)
NE (50 times)
DA (46 times)
TH (22 times)
1975 Postnatal elevation of brain tyrosine hydroxylase activity, without concurrent increases in steady-state catecholamine levels, resulting from dl-alpha-methylparatyrosine administration during embryonic development.
congenital anomalies
(101 times)
Obstetrics
(17 times)
OR (10 times)
CI (8 times)
HCCSCA (4 times)
1988 Additive congenital anomaly patterns.
contact angles
(40 times)
Chemistry
(16 times)
CAH (3 times)
NW (3 times)
AFM (2 times)
2009 In vitro contact angle analysis and physical properties of blister pack solutions of daily disposable contact lenses.
coronary arteries
(37 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
OR (4 times)
LAD (3 times)
CAD (2 times)
1989 Coronary arteries in the hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Histopathologic and histometrical studies and implications for surgery.
Caucasian Americans
(33 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
AAs (29 times)
CRC (7 times)
HCV (5 times)
2006 Fatigue varies by social class in African Americans but not Caucasian Americans.
cerebral aneurysms
(26 times)
Neurosurgery
(9 times)
BN (2 times)
LE (2 times)
SAH (2 times)
2003 Arterial sympathetic innervation and cerebrovascular diseases in original rat models.
10  cavernous angiomas
(23 times)
Neurosurgery
(12 times)
AVMs (2 times)
CT (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
1999 Radiologic and surgical aspects of pure spinal epidural cavernous angiomas. Report on 5 cases and review of the literature.
11  childhood adversities
(23 times)
Psychiatry
(10 times)
MFF (3 times)
CI (2 times)
OR (2 times)
2009 Childhood adversities and adult psychopathology in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R) III: associations with functional impairment related to DSM-IV disorders.
12  carbon aerogels
(22 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
XRD (3 times)
SEM (2 times)
ACAs (1 time)
2005 Formation of graphitic structures in cobalt- and nickel-doped carbon aerogels.
13  carboxylic acids
(19 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
AAs (5 times)
GC (2 times)
MD (2 times)
2004 Sequential ethoxycarbonylation, methoximation and tert-butyldimethylsilylation for simultaneous determination of amino acids and carboxylic acids by dual-column gas chromatography.
14  carrier ampholytes
(19 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(19 times)
IEF (4 times)
CIEF (3 times)
IPG (3 times)
1991 Clinical applications of electrophoresis of human salivary proteins.
15  carotid arteries
(18 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
MES (2 times)
TCD (2 times)
3D-CRT (1 time)
1996 Relation of intima-media thickness to atherosclerotic plaques in carotid arteries. The Vascular Aging (EVA) Study.
16  chromosomal abnormalities
(18 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
MI (9 times)
MDA (6 times)
MN (6 times)
2005 Is chromosome analysis mandatory in the initial investigation of normovulatory women seeking infertility treatment?
17  cytogenetic abnormalities
(18 times)
Hematology
(12 times)
OS (9 times)
CR (5 times)
FISH (5 times)
2003 Continuous absence of metaphase-defined cytogenetic abnormalities, especially of chromosome 13 and hypodiploidy, ensures long-term survival in multiple myeloma treated with Total Therapy I: interpretation in the context of global gene expression.
18  cerebellar ataxias
(16 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
IMCAs (3 times)
LPS (2 times)
3-AP (1 time)
2014 The genetics of ataxia: through the labyrinth of the Minotaur, looking for Ariadne's thread.
19  cold agglutinins
(16 times)
Hematology
(9 times)
RBCs (3 times)
AIHA (2 times)
IgM (2 times)
1991 Sia-b1 and I antigens recognized by Mycoplasma pneumoniae-induced human cold agglutinins.
20  calcium antagonists
(14 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
AF (1 time)
AP-1 (1 time)
BB (1 time)
1984 Calcium antagonists, cerebral ischemia and vasospasm.
21  carcinomas
(14 times)
Pathology
(4 times)
Ads (3 times)
PAs (2 times)
Ab (1 time)
1979 Analysis of human tonsil and cancer DNAs and RNAs for DNA sequences of group C (serotypes 1, 2, 5, and 6) human adenoviruses.
22  coronary angiographies
(12 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
PCIs (6 times)
DAP (4 times)
PTCAs (3 times)
2004 Occupational dose constraints in interventional cardiology procedures: the DIMOND approach.
23  Calcium antagonists
(9 times)
Drug Therapy
(3 times)
BP (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
BrdU (1 time)
1987 Renal actions of calcium antagonists.
24  conversational agents
(9 times)
Medical Informatics
(6 times)
COPD (1 time)
GDM (1 time)
ML (1 time)
2020 Responses of Conversational Agents to Health and Lifestyle Prompts: Investigation of Appropriateness and Presentation Structures.
25  cerebral arteries
(7 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
18beta-GA (1 time)
2-APB (1 time)
ACE (1 time)
2009 Inhibition of Arterial Myogenic Responses by a Mixed Aqueous Extract of Salvia Miltiorrhiza and Panax Notoginseng (PASEL) Showing Antihypertensive Effects.
26  cherry angiomas
(6 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
MM (2 times)
OR (1 time)
UM (1 time)
2013 Detection of human herpesvirus 8 sequences in cutaneous cherry angiomas.
27  cobblestone areas
(6 times)
Hematology
(6 times)
CAFC (3 times)
AML (2 times)
ALL (1 time)
1996 Long-term leukemia-initiating capacity of a CD34-subpopulation of acute myeloid leukemia.
28  competent authorities
(6 times)
Laboratory Animal Science
(2 times)
EU (2 times)
ATMPs (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
2004 A critical assessment of the European Commission's proposals for the risk assessment and registration of chemical substances in the European Union.
29  conduction abnormalities
(6 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
TAVR (3 times)
LBBB (2 times)
TAVI (2 times)
2011 Timing and potential mechanisms of new conduction abnormalities during the implantation of the Medtronic CoreValve System in patients with aortic stenosis.
30  care assistants
(5 times)
Nursing
(4 times)
RNs (2 times)
UK (2 times)
CNAs (1 time)
2003 Understanding the roles of registered general nurses and care assistants in UK nursing homes.
31  cognitive aids
(5 times)
Patient Simulation
(2 times)
AN (1 time)
GRS (1 time)
MEDICHOS (1 time)
2011 Does every code need a "reader?" improvement of rare event management with a cognitive aid "reader" during a simulated emergency: a pilot study.
32  conventional adenomas
(5 times)
Histocytochemistry
(2 times)
SPs (3 times)
CRC (2 times)
APC (1 time)
2007 Hyperplastic polyps and sessile serrated 'adenomas' of the colon and rectum display gastric pyloric differentiation.
33  cycloamyloses
(5 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
AMs (1 time)
GHs (1 time)
HPAEC (1 time)
1998 Strain-Induced "Band Flips" in Cyclodecaamylose and Higher Homologues.
34  cardiac arrests
(4 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
CPR (2 times)
EMDs (1 time)
EMS (1 time)
2009 Tuition of emergency medical dispatchers in the recognition of agonal respiration increases the use of telephone assisted CPR.
35  care aides
(4 times)
Occupational Medicine
(3 times)
IC (2 times)
LPNs (2 times)
RNs (2 times)
2005 Workload as a determinant of staff injury in intermediate care.
36  Caucasians
(4 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AAs (3 times)
MS (2 times)
AFCs (1 time)
2011 Outcome of lower limb distal bypass in Afro-Caribbean populations.
37  chemotherapeutic agents
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
CCMs (1 time)
CRS (1 time)
2016 Susceptibility of lactic acid bacteria, bifidobacteria and other bacteria of intestinal origin to chemotherapeutic agents.
38  Chinese Americans
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AAs (1 time)
ADA (1 time)
ASCVD (1 time)
2018 Heart healthy integrative nutritional counseling (H2INC): Creating a Chinese medicine + western medicine patient education curriculum for Chinese Americans.
39  Contrast Agents
(4 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
MRI (4 times)
cHANPs (1 time)
DVS (1 time)
2007 Synthetic approaches to heterocyclic ligands for Gd-based MRI contrast agents.
40  counteranions
(4 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
IP (1 time)
MWD (1 time)
PCE (1 time)
2015 Effect of polyelectrolyte electron collection layer counteranion on the properties of polymer solar cells.
41  Cyanoacrylates
(4 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
2-OCA (1 time)
ECA (1 time)
ICA (1 time)
1988 Isobutyl cyanoacrylate as a soft tissue adhesive. An in vitro study in the rabbit Achilles tendon.
42  alpha-carbonic anhydrases
(3 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CA8 (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
2014 Roles of carbonic anhydrase 8 in neuronal cells and zebrafish.
43  carbonaceous adsorbents
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AC (1 time)
DBC (1 time)
MCIs (1 time)
2011 Adsorption of cadmium on carbonaceous adsorbents developed from used tire rubber.
44  Carbonaceous aerosols
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
EC (2 times)
OC (2 times)
APCC (1 time)
2019 Environmental and toxicological assessment of nanodiamond-like materials derived from carbonaceous aerosols.
45  Carbonic anhydrase enzymes
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
NHE (1 time)
NPE (1 time)
2003 Expression of cell surface transmembrane carbonic anhydrase genes CA9 and CA12 in the human eye: overexpression of CA12 (CAXII) in glaucoma.
46  cardiac arrhythmias
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
CPSC (1 time)
EADs (1 time)
2013 A new biomarker--index of cardiac electrophysiological balance (iCEB)--plays an important role in drug-induced cardiac arrhythmias: beyond QT-prolongation and Torsades de Pointes (TdPs).
47  carotid abnormalities
(3 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ALD (1 time)
AUTO (1 time)
ESLD (1 time)
2012 Morphological features of the internal carotid artery: advantages of combining linear and convex probes in duplex ultrasonography.
48  Cassane diterpenoids
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
MD (1 time)
RA (1 time)
2019 In Silico Exploration of the Molecular Mechanism of Cassane Diterpenoids on Anti-inflammatory and Immunomodulatory Activity.
49  categorical agreements
(3 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
BMD (1 time)
CLSI (1 time)
EAs (1 time)
2011 Multicenter comparison of the Vitek 2 antifungal susceptibility test with the CLSI broth microdilution reference method for testing caspofungin, micafungin, and posaconazole against Candida spp.
50  chlorinated anilines
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
HPLC-UV (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
PpT57 (1 time)
2006 Kinetics of the microbial reductive dechlorination of pentachloroaniline.
51  chloroanilines
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
CBs (1 time)
DCAs (1 time)
MACs (1 time)
2009 Theoretical investigation of the sequential reductive dechlorination pathways of chlorobenzenes and chloroanilines.
52  chloroanisoles
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CPs (2 times)
EG-Silicone (1 time)
SBSE (1 time)
2013 Stir bar sorptive extraction polar coatings for the determination of chlorophenols and chloroanisoles in wines using gas chromatography and mass spectrometry.
53  chlorogenic acids
(3 times)
Social Sciences
(1 time)
LRE (1 time)
NSAIDs (1 time)
STLs (1 time)
2011 Chlorogenic acids from Tithonia diversifolia demonstrate better anti-inflammatory effect than indomethacin and its sesquiterpene lactones.
54  cinnamic acid derivatives
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
CDs (1 time)
DPPH (1 time)
ETs (1 time)
2014 Macroevolution of plant defenses against herbivores in the evening primroses.
55  collateral arteries
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
CG (1 time)
DAo (1 time)
2010 Immunohistochemical study of the growth factors, aFGF, bFGF, PDGF-AB, VEGF-A and its receptor (Flk-1) during arteriogenesis.
56  conditioning activities
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
PAP (2 times)
BHT (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2015 Postactivation potentiation during voluntary contractions after continued knee extensor task-specific practice.
57  contrasting agents
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
BPCAs (1 time)
DOTA (1 time)
Gd (1 time)
2010 Gd-complexes of 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-N,N',N'',N'''-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid (DOTA) conjugates of tranexamates as a new class of blood-pool magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents.
58  coronary aneurysms
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CAD (1 time)
CCL (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2002 Polymorphisms in the promoter regions of MMP-2, MMP-3, MMP-9 and MMP-12 genes as determinants of aneurysmal coronary artery disease.
59  calix(n)arenes
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CBs (1 time)
CDs (1 time)
PAs (1 time)
2013 Encapsulation of drug molecules into calix[n]arene nanobaskets. role of aminocalix[n]arenes in biopharmaceutical field.
60  capsid proteins
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
CTDs (1 time)
RSV (1 time)
2017 Parameter Optimization for Interaction between C-Terminal Domains of HIV-1 Capsid Protein.
61  cardiac artifacts
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
MEG (2 times)
ECG (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
2008 Integration of amplitude and phase statistics for complete artifact removal in independent components of neuromagnetic recordings.
62  catechols
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
4-MC (1 time)
4NC (1 time)
BAs (1 time)
2019 Sequence Programming with Dynamic Boronic Acid/Catechol Binary Codes.
63  cavernosal arteries
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ED (2 times)
PSV (2 times)
EDV (1 time)
2017 Differences in Cavernosal Artery Parameters According to Different Anatomic Sampling Locations During the Diagnosis of Vascular Erectile Dysfunction Using Duplex Ultrasound.
64  central apnoeas
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
HR (1 time)
MAP (1 time)
2004 Normal polysomnographic respiratory values in children and adolescents.
65  Change agents
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
NMs (2 times)
PLH (1 time)
2020 Agents of change: Comparing HIV-related risk behavior of people attending ART clinics in Dar es Salaam with members of their social networks.
66  chlorinated aliphatics
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
1,1,2,2-TTCE (1 time)
1,1,2-TCE (1 time)
DEN (1 time)
1986 Differences in rat liver enzyme-altered foci produced by chlorinated aliphatics and phenobarbital.
67  cholic acids
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BAs (1 time)
CA-1beta-ol (1 time)
CDCA-1beta-ol (1 time)
2018 Studies on the Unusual 1beta-Hydroxylated Bile Acid Biosynthesis in Infants.
68  Chorangiomas
(2 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
--- 2016 Association of chorangiomas to hypoxia-related placental changes in singleton and multiple pregnancy placentas.
69  chromosome abnormalities
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
5-FU (1 time)
AFS (1 time)
CVS (1 time)
2013 Access to prenatal cytogenetic diagnosis in Catania: a retrospective survey.
70  cicatricial alopecias
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
CCCA (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
SCA (1 time)
2012 Retinoid metabolism is altered in human and mouse cicatricial alopecia.
71  cilioretinal arteries
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CVs (1 time)
ICGA (1 time)
MTHFR (1 time)
2017 Cilioretinal artery: Vasculogenesis might be promoted by plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 5G allele.
72  cinnamic acids
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
IR (1 time)
Ms (1 time)
PDT (1 time)
2019 Synthesis and characterization of novel porphyrin-cinnamic acid conjugates.
73  circulating antigens
(2 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
AWA (1 time)
DE (1 time)
mol. wt (1 time)
1988 Immunoblot analysis of the circulating antigens occurring in serum of rats infected with Angiostrongylus cantonensis.
74  clinical associates
(2 times)
Hospitals
(1 time)
PCMH (1 time)
PCPs (1 time)
STEGH (1 time)
2016 Role expansion on interprofessional primary care teams: Barriers of role self-efficacy among clinical associates.
75  commissural axons
(2 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
3'UTR (1 time)
FP (1 time)
miRNA (1 time)
2017 Netrin-1 Derived from the Ventricular Zone, but not the Floor Plate, Directs Hindbrain Commissural Axons to the Ventral Midline.
76  communicative aspects
(2 times)
Nonverbal Communication
(1 time)
ASDs (1 time)
DAs (1 time)
LPC (1 time)
2011 Effects of peer-mediated instruction to teach use of speech-generating devices to students with autism in social game routines.
77  community activities
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
PCTs (1 time)
2012 Observational study on factors related to health-promoting community activity development in primary care (frAC Project): a study protocol.
78  Community Areas
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
RHAs (2 times)
2003 A matter of life and death for Manitoba's children: an overview of birth rates and mortality rates.
79  compensatory articulations
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ANE (1 time)
CUCLP (1 time)
ONFs (1 time)
2014 Speech outcome in complete unilateral cleft lip and palate - a comparison of three methods of the hard palate closure.
80  competitive antagonists
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
GABA (1 time)
GABARs (1 time)
NCAs (1 time)
2018 4-Aryl-5-carbamoyl-3-isoxazolols as competitive antagonists of insect GABA receptors: Synthesis, biological activity, and molecular docking studies.
81  compulsory admissions
(2 times)
Mental Disorders
(1 time)
VAs (2 times)
GHPU (1 time)
MHS (1 time)
2020 Social and Clinical Determinants of Compulsory and Voluntary Admissions within the Framework of an Italian Community Mental Health System.
82  confusional arousals
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
KLS (1 time)
OSA (1 time)
2007 Sleep and sex: what can go wrong? A review of the literature on sleep related disorders and abnormal sexual behaviors and experiences.
83  conservation authorities
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
--- 2002 Groundwater management by watershed agencies: an evaluation of the capacity of Ontario's conservation authorities.
84  consumer advocates
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
ACT (1 time)
1994 Consumers as service providers: the promise and challenge.
85  control arms
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
Chl a (1 time)
EAs (1 time)
mCRC (1 time)
2015 Colorectal Cancer Survival Gains and Novel Treatment Regimens: A Systematic Review and Analysis.
86  conventional adrenalectomies
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
REAs (2 times)
2007 Retroperitoneal endoscopic adrenalectomy vs. conventional adrenalectomy in treatment of benign adrenal lesions--comparative analysis.
87  conventional antipsychotics
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
AAs (1 time)
LOCF (1 time)
NGAs (1 time)
2006 Is the superior efficacy of new generation antipsychotics an artifact of LOCF?
88  corneal abrasions
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CIs (1 time)
L/HYST (1 time)
O/HYST (1 time)
2015 Corneal abrasion in hysterectomy and prostatectomy: role of laparoscopic and robotic assistance.
89  coronary arterioles
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
BAs (1 time)
COX (1 time)
HOCl (1 time)
1996 Training physicians and health care providers to accurately read coronary arteriograms. A training program.
90  corrected ages
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
VLBW (2 times)
CI (1 time)
KNN (1 time)
2002 Correlates of lactation in mothers of very low birth weight infants.
91  corresponding authors
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
ECRs (1 time)
Hi (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2018 Scholarly Impact of Student Participation inRadiation Oncology Research.
92  Country Agents
(2 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
IDBs (1 time)
MOCHA (1 time)
2019 How does societal reaction to children's health issues contribute to health policy in Europe? Results of a survey.
93  Cultural algorithms
(2 times)
Cybernetics
(1 time)
BOUFLP (1 time)
2008 Knowledge-based function optimization using fuzzy cultural algorithms with evolutionary programming.
94  curcumin analogues
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ALDH1 (1 time)
CYP2C9 or 2 C9 (1 time)
MD (1 time)
2011 Exploration of the binding of curcumin analogues to human P450 2C9 based on docking and molecular dynamics simulation.
95  cystic airspaces
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
LACA (1 time)
2019 Lung cancer associated with cystic airspaces: Characteristic morphological features on CT in a series of 11 cases.
96  2019-Custody assistants
(1 time)
Exercise
(1 time)
--- 2018 Physical Characteristics by Sex and Age for Custody Assistants From a Law Enforcement Agency.
97  alkyl-2-cyanoacrylates
(1 time)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
HA (1 time)
PLGA (1 time)
PVA (1 time)
2016 A double-layer patch design for local and controlled drug delivery as an intraoperative custom-made implant-coating technology.
98  alpha-carbonic anhydrase gene family
(1 time)
Genetic Phenomena
(1 time)
--- 2021 Carbonic Anhydrases: An Ancient Tool in Calcareous Sponge Biomineralization.
99  beta-Carbonic anhydrases
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
MAMP (1 time)
2020 Carbonic anhydrases CA1 and CA4 function in atmospheric CO2-modulated disease resistance.
100  C. jejuni specific antibodies
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
GBS (1 time)
PNS (1 time)
2006 Utility of serum Campylobacter specific antibodies in determining prior Campylobacter infection in neurological disease.