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Abbreviation: CCL
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Long forms: 245

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
cranial cruciate ligament
(218 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(195 times)
TPLO (41 times)
OA (27 times)
TPA (18 times)
1989 System behavior of commonly used cranial cruciate ligament reconstruction autografts.
CC chemokine ligand
(173 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(56 times)
IL (40 times)
CXCL (28 times)
CCR (27 times)
2002 Analysis of the gene expression profile activated by the CC chemokine ligand 5/RANTES and by lipopolysaccharide in human monocytes.
cefaclor
(103 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(75 times)
CEX (26 times)
EM (13 times)
CFIX (12 times)
1978 In vitro activity of cefaclor against aerobic and anaerobic bacteria.
cardiac catheterization laboratory
(91 times)
Cardiology
(45 times)
STEMI (30 times)
PCI (20 times)
ECG (13 times)
1995 Elective coronary angioplasty with and without surgical standby: clinical and angiographic criteria for the selection of patients.
C-C motif ligand
(46 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
IL (22 times)
CXCL (15 times)
LPS (4 times)
2009 Azithromycin reduces exaggerated cytokine production by M1 alveolar macrophages in cystic fibrosis.
collagen cross-linking
(19 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
CITP (2 times)
HF (2 times)
IOP (2 times)
2007 Collagen cross-linking (CCL) with sequential topography-guided PRK: a temporizing alternative for keratoconus to penetrating keratoplasty.
core cross-linked
(17 times)
Molecular Biology
(6 times)
ATRP (4 times)
DOX (4 times)
RAFT (4 times)
2007 Hydrolysable core-crosslinked thermosensitive polymeric micelles: synthesis, characterisation and in vivo studies.
canine ceroid-lipofuscinosis
(16 times)
Genetics, Medical
(4 times)
RPE (2 times)
DB (1 time)
ERG (1 time)
1978 Studies on the retina and the pigment epithelium in hereditary canine ceroid lipofuscinosis. II. The subcellular distribution of lysosomal hydrolases and other enzymes.
centrocyte-like
(16 times)
Pathology
(14 times)
MALT (7 times)
NMZBL (2 times)
CALLA (1 time)
1988 Primary B-cell lymphoma of salivary glands and its relationship to myoepithelial sialadenitis.
10  curved carapace length
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
BM (2 times)
CCW (2 times)
ATR-FTIR (1 time)
2010 Relationship between fibropapillomatosis and environmental quality: a case study with Chelonia mydas off Brazil.
11  columnar cell lesions
(14 times)
Pathology
(8 times)
ADH (8 times)
DCIS (8 times)
AH (2 times)
2007 Columnar cell lesions of the breast - significant or not?
12  compacted clay liner
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
GCL (4 times)
GM (3 times)
MSW (2 times)
2004 Computational modelling of final covers for uranium mill tailings impoundments.
13  chronic cutaneous leishmaniasis
(13 times)
Tropical Medicine
(4 times)
CL (7 times)
ACL (2 times)
SCL (2 times)
2005 Cutaneous leishmaniasis in Tunisia: results of the iso-enzymatic characterization of 71 strains.
14  Candida cylindracea
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
ABHEMA Br (1 time)
CAL (1 time)
DPH (1 time)
1993 Enzymic acylation of methyl D- and L-glycopyranosides: influence of the 3-hydroxyl group.
15  Contaminant Candidate List
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
DOC (2 times)
EPA (2 times)
CV (1 time)
2000 Determination of perchlorate at trace levels in drinking water by ion-pair extraction with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry.
16  coracoclavicular ligament
(10 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
ACJ (3 times)
CP (3 times)
AC (1 time)
2009 The costoclavicular ligament revisited: a functional and anatomical study.
17  chemokine CC motif ligand
(9 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
IL (2 times)
AE (1 time)
AE-IPF (1 time)
2015 Ovarian cancer stem-like cells elicit the polarization of M2 macrophages.
18  cone complementarity linearization
(9 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
DOFC (3 times)
CSTR (1 time)
DETS (1 time)
2012 Robust stabilization and H(∞) controllers design for stochastic genetic regulatory networks with time-varying delays and structured uncertainties.
19  Candida cylindracea lipase
(8 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
PPL (2 times)
AS (1 time)
CAL (1 time)
1992 Homology-derived three-dimensional structure prediction of Candida cylindracea lipase.
20  channel capacity loss
(8 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(4 times)
ECC (8 times)
DG (5 times)
MEG (5 times)
2021 On the design and performance analysis of wristband MIMO/diversity antenna for smart wearable communication applications.
21  chronic closed lock
(8 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
TMJ (7 times)
VGIR (5 times)
IL (3 times)
2006 One-year clinical course following visually guided irrigation for chronic closed lock of the temporomandibular joint.
22  chronic lymphocytic leukaemia
(8 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
AML (1 time)
LBCL (1 time)
NH4 (1 time)
1975 The role of splenic irradiation in chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
23  cardiac catheterization lab
(7 times)
Emergency Service, Hospital
(2 times)
ED (4 times)
STEMI (4 times)
PCI (3 times)
2012 An unexpected silver lining to Katrina: elimination of inter-campus transfer delay in STEMI care.
24  cholecystocholedocholithiasis
(7 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
CBD (5 times)
LC (2 times)
LERV (2 times)
2013 Rendezvous technique for cholecystocholedochal lithiasis in octogenarians: is it as effective as in younger patients, or should endoscopic sphincterotomy followed by laparoscopic cholecystectomy be preferred?
25  cancer cell lines
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
5-FU (1 time)
2012 A DNA methylation signature associated with aberrant promoter DNA hypermethylation of DNMT3B in human colorectal cancer.
26  carbon tetrachloride
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
1999 Hepatoprotective activity of Annona muricata Linn. and Polyalthia cerasoides bedd.
27  CC ligand
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
DCs (3 times)
CCR (2 times)
CXCL (2 times)
2002 Dendritic cells exposed to extracellular adenosine triphosphate acquire the migratory properties of mature cells and show a reduced capacity to attract type 1 T lymphocytes.
28  chronic constant light
(6 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
5-HT (1 time)
AGO (1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
2007 Exposure to chronic constant light impairs spatial memory and influences long-term depression in rats.
29  constant contact line
(6 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
CCA (5 times)
MCL (2 times)
MM (1 time)
2012 Evaporation of droplets on superhydrophobic surfaces: surface roughness and small droplet size effects.
30  cathode catalyst layer
(5 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DRT (1 time)
MEA (1 time)
MPL (1 time)
2018 Critical advancements in achieving high power and stable nonprecious metal catalyst-based MEAs for real-world proton exchange membrane fuel cell applications.
31  Cognitions Checklist
(5 times)
Suicide
(1 time)
ATQ (2 times)
CCL-D (1 time)
DEQ-A (1 time)
2003 Differentiating anxiety and depression in older adults with generalized anxiety disorder.
32  connected component labeling
(5 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
CT (1 time)
DBSCAN (1 time)
GPU (1 time)
2015 Analytical phase-tracking-based strain estimation for ultrasound elasticity.
33  cosmetic contact lens
(5 times)
Contact Lenses
(2 times)
CFU (1 time)
FLA (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2014 Microbial adherence to cosmetic contact lenses.
34  Creatinine clearance
(5 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
GFR (2 times)
SCr (2 times)
ACEI (1 time)
2008 Renal protection in diabetes: is it affected by glucose control or inhibition of the renin-angiotensin pathway?
35  cyclic compressive loading
(5 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
HS (1 time)
HSP (1 time)
MSCs (1 time)
2007 An electromagnetic compressive force by cell exciter stimulates chondrogenic differentiation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells.
36  C-C motif chemokine ligands
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
CXCL (2 times)
CCR4 (1 time)
FAK (1 time)
2015 Palladin mediates stiffness-induced fibroblast activation in the tumor microenvironment.
37  calcified cartilage layer
(4 times)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
ADSCs (1 time)
BMSCs (1 time)
Cho (1 time)
2019 Surgeon Ability to Appropriately Address the Calcified Cartilage Layer: An In Vitro Study of Arthroscopic and Open Techniques.
38  cancer-core-length
(4 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
mpMRI (3 times)
LR (2 times)
PI-RADS (2 times)
2014 Logistic regression model for diagnosis of transition zone prostate cancer on multi-parametric MRI.
39  cardiac cycle length
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AVCT (1 time)
AVJR (1 time)
RPV (1 time)
1984 Effects of ouabain and vagal stimulation on heart rate in the dog.
40  chemokines chemokine ligand
(4 times)
Exercise Therapy
(1 time)
IL (3 times)
DM (1 time)
FS (1 time)
2009 CCL5 promotes macrophage recruitment and survival in human adipose tissue.
41  chronic CL
(4 times)
Parasitology
(1 time)
CL (4 times)
ACL (2 times)
MA (2 times)
2008 [Cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania infantum MON-24 in Tunisia: extension of the focus to the center of the country].
42  Coping Checklist
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
BAS (2 times)
ECI (1 time)
GAS (1 time)
2002 Burden and coping in caregivers of persons with schizophrenia.
43  copper-clad laminate
(4 times)
Polymers
(2 times)
bcc (1 time)
COC (1 time)
CTE (1 time)
2015 Corrosion resistance of ultrasonic electrodeposited Ni-Co-Fe ternary alloy films according to current density.
44  caroticoclinoid ligament
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CCF (2 times)
ACP (1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
2008 Ossification of caroticoclinoid ligament and its clinical importance in skull-based surgery.
45  cell layer capacitance
(3 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
TEER (3 times)
BBB (2 times)
EAE (1 time)
2013 Comparative study of four immortalized human brain capillary endothelial cell lines, hCMEC/D3, hBMEC, TY10, and BB19, and optimization of culture conditions, for an in vitro blood-brain barrier model for drug permeability studies.
46  Chen-Chen-Luo's quadratic adaptive algorithm
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
HOS (3 times)
UNI (3 times)
GTOS (1 time)
2019 Combination of "quadratic adaptive algorithm" and "hybrid operator splitting" or uniformization algorithms for stability against acceleration in the Markov model of sodium ion channels in the ventricular cell model.
47  clinical crown length
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
AGW (1 time)
CEJ-AC (1 time)
KGW (1 time)
1977 The effect of early loss of primary molars on tooth eruption and space conditions. A longitudinal study.
48  color conversion layer
(3 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
WOLEDs (3 times)
EL (1 time)
EML (1 time)
2012 Improve efficiency of white organic light-emitting diodes by using nanosphere arrays in color conversion layers.
49  combined collimating lens
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CCD (1 time)
FF-XRF (1 time)
2021 Equipment design and performance characterization of full field x-ray fluorescence (FF-XRF) element distribution imaging system with combined collimating lens (CCL).
50  continuous curvilinear lenticulerrhexis
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
SMILE (1 time)
2015 Development of the continuous curvilinear lenticulerrhexis technique for small incision lenticule extraction.
51  corpus callosum length
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
CUS (2 times)
TEA (2 times)
AHW (1 time)
2021 Neurosonographic assessments of corpus callosum related structures in growth-restricted fetuses.
52  cruciate ligament
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
GH (1 time)
LR (1 time)
OA (1 time)
1997 Sensory innervation of the cat knee articular capsule and cruciate ligament visualised using anterogradely transported wheat germ agglutinin-horseradish peroxidase.
53  cumulative cancer length
(3 times)
Urology
(2 times)
AS (2 times)
RP (2 times)
AP (1 time)
2012 Extended biopsy based criteria incorporating cumulative cancer length for predicting clinically insignificant prostate cancer.
54  cyclic chemiluminescence
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
EDE (2 times)
CL (1 time)
CTL (1 time)
2014 Development of a cyclic system for chemiluminescence detection.
55  C-C chemokine motif ligand
(2 times)
Immune System Diseases
(1 time)
DM (2 times)
FMT (1 time)
HFD (1 time)
2021 A Novel Resolution of Diabetes: C-C Chemokine Motif Ligand 4 Is a Common Target in Different Types of Diabetes by Protecting Pancreatic Islet Cell and Modulating Inflammation.
56  C. cardunculus leaf extract
(2 times)
Pharmacognosy
(1 time)
b.wt (1 time)
CCP (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2017 Biological Effect of Cynara cardunculus on Kidney Status of Hypercholesterolemic Rats.
57  C. cylindracea
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PPL (1 time)
PS-D (1 time)
1998 Studies of lipase-catalyzed esterification reactions of some acetylenic fatty acids.
58  calcified coronary lesions
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CAs (1 time)
MACE (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2009 Comparison of long-term outcomes following sirolimus-eluting stent vs paclitaxel-eluting stent implantation in patients with long calcified coronary lesions.
59  cancer length
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
cT (1 time)
iPSA (1 time)
2014 Does cumulative prostate cancer length (CCL) in prostate biopsies improve prediction of clinically insignificant cancer at radical prostatectomy in patients eligible for active surveillance?
60  cardiac catheter laboratory
(2 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
ACS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
NSTEMI (1 time)
2018 Nurses' recognition and response to clinical deterioration in the cardiac catheterisation laboratory.
61  cavitated caries lesions
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
ADA (1 time)
AFC (1 time)
ECC (1 time)
2009 Dental caries prevalence in children up to 36 months of age attending daycare centers in municipalities with different water fluoride content.
62  CC chemokine receptor ligand
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CCR (1 time)
EWI (1 time)
Gra (1 time)
2008 Leukotriene B4 is essential for selective eosinophil recruitment following allergen challenge of CD4+ cells in a model of chronic eosinophilic inflammation.
63  central conducting lymphatics
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
DCMRL (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2014 Imaging the central conducting lymphatics: initial experience with dynamic MR lymphangiography.
64  central cytoplasmic loop
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
dw (1 time)
MFS (1 time)
2012 A key structural domain of the Candida albicans Mdr1 protein.
65  centrocyte-like cells
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
MALT (1 time)
MALToma (1 time)
2001 Clonal evolution of gastric lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue type.
66  centrocytic lymphomas
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CLL (1 time)
CR (1 time)
PBL (1 time)
1987 Immunologic cell markers of peripheral blood and lymph node lymphocytes in chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
67  CfaB*ST, CfaE, and LTB
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CFA/I (1 time)
CfaE (1 time)
CFAs (1 time)
2021 In Silico designing and immunogenic production of the multimeric CfaB*ST, CfaE, LTB antigen as a peptide vaccine against Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli.
68  charge control layer
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
DRZ (1 time)
EML (1 time)
EQE (1 time)
2012 Highly efficient blue- and white-organic light-emitting diode based on dual recombination zones with a charge control layer.
69  chelerythrine chloride
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
5-HD (2 times)
GLB (2 times)
SI (2 times)
2003 Mechanisms of delayed preconditioning with A1 adenosine receptor activation in porcine coronary smooth muscle cells.
70  chitosan coated liposomes
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CNV (1 time)
TA (1 time)
2019 Chitosan coated liposomes (CCL) containing triamcinolone acetonide for sustained delivery: A potential topical treatment for posterior segment diseases.
71  choriocapillary layer
(2 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
AMD (1 time)
CNV (1 time)
DCP (1 time)
2014 sA population-based study of macular choroidal neovascularization using optical coherence tomography in Eastern China.
72  ChromaGen contact lens
(2 times)
Optometry
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
2019 The effect of the ChromaGen contact lens system on visual performance.
73  citryl-CoA lyase
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
ACL (2 times)
CCS (2 times)
CS (1 time)
2004 A novel enzyme, citryl-CoA lyase, catalysing the second step of the citrate cleavage reaction in Hydrogenobacter thermophilus TK-6.
74  classifier committee learning
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
ICA (1 time)
SVD (1 time)
TLS (1 time)
2013 Face recognition with multi-resolution spectral feature images.
75  clinical chemistry laboratory
(2 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
OR (1 time)
PST (1 time)
PTH (1 time)
2012 Effect of blood collection tubes on the incidence of artifactual hyperkalemia on patient samples from an outreach clinic.
76  clinical complexity level
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AF (2 times)
LAAC (2 times)
DRG (1 time)
2021 Left atrial appendage closure with the watchman device reduces atrial fibrillation management costs.
77  clodronate-containing liposomes
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
NREMS (1 time)
2005 Lipid phase transition in saccharide-coated cholate-containing liposomes: coupling to the surrounding matrix.
78  coated cationic liposomes
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AS-ODNs (1 time)
ASODN (1 time)
2003 Targeted liposomal c-myc antisense oligodeoxynucleotides induce apoptosis and inhibit tumor growth and metastases in human melanoma models.
79  coherent comb laser
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
QD (2 times)
RIN (1 time)
SIFL (1 time)
2018 High performance InAs/InP quantum dot 34.462-GHz C-band coherent comb laser module.
80  cold chain logistics
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CHAI's (1 time)
CTC (1 time)
NIPs (1 time)
2017 Transforming cold chain performance and management in lower-income countries.
81  community-clinical linkages
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
CHW (1 time)
CHWs (1 time)
2018 Community-Clinical Linkages With Community Health Workers in the United States: A Scoping Review.
82  congenital cutis laxa
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
--- 1987 Collagen studies in congenital cutis laxa.
83  Consult Cognitive Load
(2 times)
Education
(2 times)
CL (1 time)
EL (1 time)
GL (1 time)
2021 The Cognitive Load of Inpatient Consults: Development of the Consult Cognitive Load Instrument and Initial Validity Evidence.
84  Coppock-like cataract
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
--- 1994 Activation of the gamma E-crystallin pseudogene in the human hereditary Coppock-like cataract.
85  cortisol by lymphocytes
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CPs (2 times)
1988 Effect of ethanol extract of cancer patients' serum on the vulnerability of lymphocytes to cortisol.
86  Couple to Couple League
(2 times)
Religion and Medicine
(1 time)
CPG (1 time)
NFP (1 time)
1999 Continuously recorded suckling behaviour and its effect on lactational amenorrhoea.
87  coupled-cavity linac
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
ACs (1 time)
CCs (1 time)
DF (1 time)
2019 A tuning method based on the coupled mode frequencies in biperiodic coupled-cavity linear accelerator.
88  cutaneous composite lymphoma
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
HL (1 time)
MF (1 time)
RS (1 time)
2019 The Conundrum of Diagnosing Cutaneous Composite Lymphoma in the Molecular Age.
89  cylindrical confronting lamellae
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
AIDS (2 times)
TRI (2 times)
PBMC (1 time)
1983 Ultrastructural and immunoelectron microscopic studies of cells with abnormal cytoplasmic inclusions in patients with AIDS.
90  cysteine-cysteine motif ligand
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
CCR5 (1 time)
CSF2 (1 time)
IL (1 time)
2006 Expression of Toll-like receptors (TLR) and responsiveness to TLR agonists by polarized mouse uterine epithelial cells in culture.
91  caffeine clearance
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 1994 Hepatotoxicity of sodium stibogluconate therapy for American cutaneous leishmaniasis.
92  Cajanus cajan lectin
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2001 Immobilization and stabilization of invertase on Cajanus cajan lectin support.
93  calcaneocuboid ligament
(1 time)
BL (1 time)
CNL (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2019 Anatomico-radiological Study of the Bifurcate Ligament of the Foot with Clinical Significance.
94  calcified cysticercotic lesions
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
HS (1 time)
2000 Calcified neurocysticercotic lesions and postsurgery seizure control in temporal lobe epilepsy.
95  calculated cervical length
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
GCL (1 time)
POP (1 time)
POP-Q (1 time)
2017 Putting POP-Q to the test: does C-D=cervical length?
96  calmidazolium chloride
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CALP1 (1 time)
CaM (1 time)
CaM-II (1 time)
2019 Calmodulin-dependent signalling pathways are activated and mediate the acute inflammatory response of injured skeletal muscle.
97  Cancer Cell Ontology
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
CLO (1 time)
OSCI (1 time)
2019 Cells in ExperimentaL Life Sciences (CELLS-2018): capturing the knowledge of normal and diseased cells with ontologies.
98  cancer control
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
COG (1 time)
2015 Nurse-Led Programs to Facilitate Enrollment to Children's Oncology Group Cancer Control Trials.
99  Cancer Control and Supportive Care
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
COG (1 time)
CRA (1 time)
2014 Facilitating accrual to cancer control and supportive care trials: the clinical research associate perspective.
100  Candida cylindracea, syn. C. rugosa
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PS-D (1 time)
2003 Lipase-catalyzed hydrolysis of TG containing acetylenic FA.