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Abbreviation: CES
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
cauda equina syndrome
(274 times)
Neurosurgery
(61 times)
MRI (32 times)
LDH (13 times)
AS (11 times)
1986 Cauda equina syndrome: a complication of lumbar discectomy.
carboxylesterase
(233 times)
Pharmacology
(91 times)
AChE (22 times)
GST (15 times)
HLM (11 times)
1998 Cellular localization domains of a rabbit and a human carboxylesterase: influence on irinotecan (CPT-11) metabolism by the rabbit enzyme.
cranial electrical stimulation
(76 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
AD (4 times)
EMG (4 times)
GITT (3 times)
1980 [Electromedical methods for pain reduction during delivery (author's transl)].
clinical exome sequencing
(75 times)
Genetics, Medical
(26 times)
NGS (7 times)
WES (4 times)
ACMG (3 times)
2014 Clinical exome sequencing for genetic identification of rare Mendelian disorders.
cardioembolic stroke
(71 times)
Neurology
(18 times)
AF (25 times)
OR (18 times)
CI (16 times)
1997 Transesophageal echocardiography in various ischemic stroke subtypes.
cranial electrotherapy stimulation
(63 times)
Medicine
(12 times)
tDCS (13 times)
rTMS (7 times)
CI (6 times)
1982 Confirming evidence of an effective treatment for brain dysfunction in alcoholic patients.
cat eye syndrome
(55 times)
Genetics, Medical
(28 times)
FISH (11 times)
SMCs (4 times)
sSMC (4 times)
1975 Trisomy 22.
Congenital esophageal stenosis
(45 times)
General Surgery
(23 times)
TBR (10 times)
EA (8 times)
FMS (6 times)
1995 Isolated congenital esophageal stenosis.
carbohydrate-electrolyte solution
(31 times)
Sports Medicine
(19 times)
WAT (4 times)
TT (3 times)
BM (2 times)
1998 The effect of different rehydration drinks on post-exercise electrolyte excretion in trained athletes.
10  Cholesterol embolization syndrome
(30 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
PCI (2 times)
AERD (1 time)
AKI (1 time)
1992 Cholesterol emboli neuropathy.
11  cultural ecosystem services
(30 times)
Environmental Health
(26 times)
PPGIS (2 times)
ATE (1 time)
CLC (1 time)
2014 A protocol for eliciting nonmaterial values through a cultural ecosystem services frame.
12  cervical erector spinae
(26 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
UT (14 times)
EMG (8 times)
SCM (4 times)
2005 A segmentation approach to long duration surface EMG recordings.
13  clinical ethics support
(22 times)
Ethics
(17 times)
MCD (7 times)
NEON (2 times)
BABCE (1 time)
2011 Evidence - competence - discourse: the theoretical framework of the multi-centre clinical ethics support project METAP.
14  Centrality of Event Scale
(18 times)
Psychology
(8 times)
PTSD (7 times)
BAI (1 time)
BDI-II (1 time)
2006 The centrality of event scale: a measure of integrating a trauma into one's identity and its relation to post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms.
15  contrast-enhanced sonography
(18 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(7 times)
EE (5 times)
TE (3 times)
CDUS (2 times)
2004 Contrast-enhanced sonographic detection of vesicoureteral reflux in children: comparison with voiding cystourethrography.
16  cumulative embryo score
(15 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
MSTE (3 times)
ICSI (2 times)
IVF (2 times)
1992 Psychomotor testing and the ability to perform an anastomosis in junior surgical trainees.
17  Combat Exposure Scale
(14 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
PTSD (11 times)
CAPS (5 times)
CTQ (2 times)
1997 Psychiatric morbidity in Australian veterans of the United Nations peacekeeping force in Somalia.
18  Care Evaluation Scale
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
GDI (3 times)
PCUs (2 times)
QoL (2 times)
2004 Measuring the quality of structure and process in end-of-life care from the bereaved family perspective.
19  Carer Experience Scale
(11 times)
Therapeutics
(3 times)
CarerQol (3 times)
ASCOT-Carer (2 times)
CSI (2 times)
2013 Dimensionality, reliability, and validity of the combat experiences scale.
20  Chronic Ear Survey
(11 times)
Otolaryngology
(9 times)
CSOM (5 times)
QoL (5 times)
COM (3 times)
2000 Outcomes assessment for chronic otitis media: the Chronic Ear Survey.
21  Coercion Experience Scale
(11 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
AES (4 times)
CL (3 times)
GAF (2 times)
2010 "Coercion Experience Scale" (CES)--validation of a questionnaire on coercive measures.
22  critical effect size
(11 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
BMD (4 times)
POD (3 times)
BMR (2 times)
2001 Critical effect sizes in toxicological risk assessment: a comprehensive and critical evaluation.
23  central executive system
(10 times)
Brain
(3 times)
WM (6 times)
TBI (4 times)
ABT (1 time)
1995 The neural basis of the central executive system of working memory.
24  chick embryonic skin
(10 times)
Virology
(3 times)
FPV (3 times)
BP (1 time)
BrdU (1 time)
1978 Chick embryonic skin as a rapid organ culture assay for cellular neoplasia.
25  central excitatory state
(9 times)
Genetics
(4 times)
--- 1981 Selection for central excitatory state (CES) in the blow fly Phormia regina.
26  carboxyethylsilanetriol sodium salt
(8 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
TEOS (4 times)
PMOs (3 times)
MB (2 times)
2009 A simple one-pot route to mesoporous silicas SBA-15 functionalized with exceptionally high loadings of pendant carboxylic acid groups.
27  Coaching Efficacy Scale
(8 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
SEM (2 times)
ADQ (1 time)
Cat 2 (1 time)
1997 The Caring Efficacy Scale: nurses' self-reports of caring in practice settings.
28  Commitment to Exercise Scale
(7 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
AN (4 times)
CET (3 times)
BDI (1 time)
2007 Physical activity and cortisol in anorexia nervosa.
29  composite equilibrium score
(7 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
SOT (4 times)
CDP (2 times)
ES (2 times)
2013 Computerized dynamic posturography analysis of balance in individuals with a shoulder stabilization sling.
30  Consumer Expenditure Survey
(7 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
NSS (2 times)
NSSO (2 times)
CE (1 time)
1995 Expenditure patterns by age and income among mature adults: does age matter?
31  conditioned emotional stimulus
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BZD (1 time)
CER (1 time)
DBI (1 time)
1983 Strain differences in fear between spontaneously hypertensive and normotensive rats.
32  Cooperative Extension System
(6 times)
Education
(1 time)
MSU (1 time)
1988 Mortality among agricultural extension agents.
33  Center for Epidemiologic Studies
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CRH (1 time)
CSA (1 time)
MMSE (1 time)
1990 A comparison of homeless, community-wide, and selected distressed samples on the CES-Depression Scale.
34  Classroom Environment Scale
(5 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
FES (1 time)
1982 Student perception of school environment and its relationship to mood, achievement, popularity, and adjustment.
35  coaxial electrospray
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
MPs (2 times)
PLGA (2 times)
AMD (1 time)
2015 Coaxial Electrospray of Curcumin-Loaded Microparticles for Sustained Drug Release.
36  community-engaged scholarship
(5 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
CBPR (1 time)
CG (1 time)
CTSA (1 time)
2011 Development and evaluation of a toolkit to assess partnership readiness for community-based participatory research.
37  Companeros En Salud
(5 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
ENARM (1 time)
NCDs (1 time)
2014 Service, training, mentorship: first report of an innovative education-support program to revitalize primary care social service in Chiapas, Mexico.
38  Customized Employment Supports
(5 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(4 times)
SUD (1 time)
2004 A new work placement model for unemployed methadone maintenance patients.
39  CESTA
(4 times)
Science
(2 times)
BRs (4 times)
BEE (2 times)
bHLH (1 time)
2014 Interplay between phosphorylation and SUMOylation events determines CESTA protein fate in brassinosteroid signalling.
40  chromatin entry sites
(4 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
MSL (2 times)
Ago2 (1 time)
DHS (1 time)
2004 Multiple classes of MSL binding sites target dosage compensation to the X chromosome of Drosophila.
41  Classroom Engagement Survey
(4 times)
Education
(2 times)
TBL (3 times)
LBL (1 time)
RM-ANOVA (1 time)
2013 The effects of Team-Based Learning on learning behaviors in the maternal-child nursing course.
42  clinical ethics service
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
--- 2016 A Qualitative Study of US Clinical Ethics Services: Objectives and Outcomes.
43  clinical evaluation scores
(4 times)
Urology
(1 time)
CHC (1 time)
DS (1 time)
FMF (1 time)
2003 USMLE Step 1 and 2 scores correlate with family medicine clinical and examination scores.
44  closed ecological system
(4 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(3 times)
--- 2001 Optimum control of closed ecological systems: mathematical aspects.
45  closed ecosystem
(4 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(2 times)
--- 1994 Indications and counterindications for applying different versions of closed ecosystems for space and terrestrial problems of life support.
46  Compulsive Eating Scale
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
BDI (1 time)
FCQ (1 time)
TFEQ-R18 (1 time)
2017 Reliability and Validity of the Persian Version of Compulsive Eating Scale (CES) in Overweight or Obese Women and Its Relationship with Some Body Composition and Dietary Intake Variables.
47  constant elasticity of substitution
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
CD (1 time)
ESI (1 time)
SDGs (1 time)
2019 Differential discounting in the economic evaluation of healthcare programs.
48  cauda epididymal sperm
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
Abs (1 time)
CEF (1 time)
EJS (1 time)
1985 Alterations in motility and metabolism associated with sperm interaction with accessory sex gland fluids.
49  cell sheets
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CFE (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
EpiSCs (1 time)
2017 Cultured epidermal stem cells in regenerative medicine.
50  centeritide-eluting stent
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ISR (2 times)
DESs (1 time)
HCASMCs (1 time)
2014 In vitro evaluation of cenderitide-eluting stent I -an antirestenosis and proendothelization approach.
51  Central and Eastern Sydney
(3 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
GP (2 times)
GPMP (2 times)
MBS (2 times)
2019 Understanding the use and impact of allied health services for people with chronic health conditions in Central and Eastern Sydney, Australia: a five-year longitudinal analysis.
52  cerebral extracellular space
(3 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(2 times)
--- 1993 Penetration of rifampicin into the brain tissue and cerebral extracellular space of rats.
53  charge exchange spectroscopy
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
CCD (1 time)
KSTAR (1 time)
2008 Ion-water hydrogen-bond switching observed with 2D IR vibrational echo chemical exchange spectroscopy.
54  chemoendocrine score
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
pCR (2 times)
CES-E (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
2016 A PAM50-Based Chemoendocrine Score for Hormone Receptor-Positive Breast Cancer with an Intermediate Risk of Relapse.
55  cholesterol ester synthase
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
LCAT (2 times)
LPL (2 times)
TG (2 times)
1993 Effect of sodium pentosan polysulphate on tissue lipids in control and glycollate treated rats.
56  Cis Enhancing Sequence
(3 times)
Virology
(2 times)
CTE (2 times)
MPMV (1 time)
2005 HIV-1 Cis Enhancing Sequence (CES) enhances CTE-dependent Gag expression.
57  cis-epoxysuccinate
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
CESH (1 time)
2005 Continuous production of L(+)-tartaric acid from cis-epoxysuccinate using a membrane recycle reactor.
58  clinical estimation of survival
(3 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
AS (2 times)
PPS (1 time)
1999 The relative accuracy of the clinical estimation of the duration of life for patients with end of life cancer.
59  Cochin estuarine system
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
Cd (1 time)
Cr (1 time)
EST (1 time)
2013 Spatial budgetary evaluation of organochlorine contaminants in the sediments of Cochin Estuary, India.
60  Communicative Effectiveness Survey
(3 times)
Speech Disorders
(2 times)
PD (2 times)
AOS (1 time)
ASRS-3 (1 time)
2008 The communicative effectiveness survey: preliminary evidence of construct validity.
61  comprehensive ecosystem service
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
ESs (2 times)
AMA (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2017 Spatiotemporal assessment and trade-offs of multiple ecosystem services based on land use changes in Zengcheng, China.
62  contralateral erector spinae
(3 times)
Manipulation, Chiropractic
(1 time)
IES (3 times)
PHE (3 times)
EMG (2 times)
2011 Altered muscular activation during prone hip extension in women with and without low back pain.
63  core event set
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
AEs (2 times)
ARCR (1 time)
ARCRs (1 time)
2020 Complications Within 6 Months After Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair: Registry-Based Evaluation According to a Core Event Set and Severity Grading.
64  Course Evaluation Surveys
(3 times)
Education, Nursing
(1 time)
GES (1 time)
MPH (1 time)
UoD (1 time)
2015 Health Science students' evaluation of courses and Instructors: the effect of response rate and class size interaction.
65  calcined electroplating sludge
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ES (2 times)
MB (1 time)
NOM (1 time)
2017 Electroplating sludge derived zinc-ferrite catalyst for the efficient photo-Fenton degradation of dye.
66  calving-ease scores
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
BL (1 time)
CVS (1 time)
HG (1 time)
2006 Gestational, periparturient and preweaning growth traits of Holstein versus Gir x Holstein F1 crossbred dairy calves born to Holstein dams.
67  candidiasis endocrinopathy syndrome
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1991 [Mycoses and adrenocortical function. New pathogenetic aspects of adrenal hypofunction].
68  Capibaribe estuarine system
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
C/N (1 time)
DistLM (1 time)
EcoQ (1 time)
2022 Sewage contamination assessment in an urbanized tropical estuary in Northeast Brazil using elemental, isotopic and molecular proxies.
69  Career Exploration Scale
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
CFQ (1 time)
CSES (1 time)
ISCEI (1 time)
2010 [Evaluation of the Initial Stage Career Exploration Inventory (ISCEI)].
70  Caregiver Empowerment Scale
(2 times)
Disabled Persons
(1 time)
CFA (1 time)
EFA (1 time)
TBI (1 time)
2011 Development and validation of the Caregiver Empowerment Scale: a resource for working with family caregivers of persons with traumatic brain injury.
71  caudal epididymal semen
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
KRP (2 times)
NAG (1 time)
2000 Relationship between motility and oxygen consumption of sperm from the cauda epididymides of the rat.
72  caustic esophageal strictures
(2 times)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(1 time)
EBD (1 time)
2018 Long-Term Outcomes of Caustic Esophageal Stricture with Endoscopic Balloon Dilatation in Chinese Children.
73  cell exclusion spacers
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CytoD (1 time)
2018 Three-Dimensional Printing of Cell Exclusion Spacers (CES) for Use in Motility Assays.
74  cell expansion system
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GMP (1 time)
HPL (1 time)
MSC (1 time)
2012 Good manufacturing practice-compliant animal-free expansion of human bone marrow derived mesenchymal stroma cells in a closed hollow-fiber-based bioreactor.
75  cerivastatin-eluting stent
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ACh (1 time)
BMS (1 time)
CER (1 time)
2008 Effectiveness of statin-eluting stent on early inflammatory response and neointimal thickness in a porcine coronary model.
76  chicken embryonic stem
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Identification of a new gene family specifically expressed in chicken embryonic stem cells and early embryo.
77  Childhood Electroclinical Syndromes
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
AEDs (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
2014 Childhood Electroclinical Syndromes: a diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm.
78  chronic emotional stress
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
ANP (1 time)
CNP (1 time)
CORT (1 time)
2016 [Effects of acupuncture on ANP and CNP in adrenal gland and CORT in plasma in rats with chronic emotional stress anxiety].
79  Clean Energy Standard
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CAT (2 times)
GHG (1 time)
2015 A self-consistent method to assess air quality co-benefits from U.S. climate policies.
80  closed endotracheal suctioning
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
OES (2 times)
VAP (2 times)
ICU (1 time)
2007 Comparison of closed endotracheal suction versus open endotracheal suction in the development of ventilator-associated pneumonia in intensive care patients: an evaluation using meta-analytic techniques.
81  Cognitive Escape Scale
(2 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(2 times)
GBMSM (1 time)
MSM (1 time)
2008 The Cognitive Escape Scale: measuring HIV-related thought avoidance.
82  Coimbra Eye Study
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
AMD (2 times)
CI (2 times)
OR (2 times)
2022 Phenotypic Expression of CFH Rare Variants in Age-Related Macular Degeneration Patients in the Coimbra Eye Study.
83  common effect size
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
QES (2 times)
ADD1 (1 time)
AGTR1 (1 time)
2019 Aberrant Epigenomic Modulation of Glucocorticoid Receptor Gene (NR3C1) in Early Life Stress and Major Depressive Disorder Correlation: Systematic Review and Quantitative Evidence Synthesis.
84  composite error score
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
GRS (2 times)
CI (1 time)
MRT (1 time)
2015 Visuospatial Ability as a Predictor of Novice Performance in Ultrasound-guided Regional Anesthesia.
85  Concealment of Epilepsy Scale
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BFNE (1 time)
ESS (1 time)
SWLS (1 time)
2020 Fear of negative evaluation and the concealment of their disease by epilepsy patients.
86  contrast enhanced scan
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
ART (2 times)
NES (2 times)
PVN (2 times)
2021 3D-segmentation and characterization of visceral and abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue on CT: influence of contrast medium and contrast phase.
87  control by epistasy of synthesis
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
LSU (1 time)
SSU (1 time)
2015 Phaseolin expression in tobacco chloroplast reveals an autoregulatory mechanism in heterologous protein translation.
88  COPD exacerbation syndrome
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
TT (2 times)
2021 Spanish COPD Guidelines (GesEPOC) 2021 Update Diagnosis and Treatment of COPD Exacerbation Syndrome.
89  corona electrostatic separation
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
PCB (2 times)
2007 Optimizing the operating parameters of corona electrostatic separation for recycling waste scraped printed circuit boards by computer simulation of electric field.
90  corrosive esophageal strictures
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
THE (1 time)
2003 Trans-oral irrigation for the management of cervical esophagogastric anastomotic leak.
91  cost-effectiveness studies
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2020 An analysis of the effectiveness outcomes of economic studies evaluating ophthalmic drugs: a systematic review.
92  Coverage evaluation surveys
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
WHO (2 times)
ALB (1 time)
BCC (1 time)
2019 Vaccination coverage in Lebanon following the Syrian crisis: results from the district-based immunization coverage evaluation survey 2016.
93  Credibility and Expectancy Scale
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
CGI (2 times)
BDI (1 time)
HAMD (1 time)
2009 Antidepressant study design affects patient expectancy: a pilot study.
94  cryogenic electrospun scaffolds
(2 times)
Nanomedicine
(1 time)
PLA (1 time)
2008 In vitro cell infiltration and in vivo cell infiltration and vascularization in a fibrous, highly porous poly(D,L-lactide) scaffold fabricated by cryogenic electrospinning technique.
95  cultured epithelial sheets
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
CAS (1 time)
TGF-alpha, TGF-beta (1 time)
1987 Ultrastructural studies of cultured human epithelial sheets used as skin allografts.
96  curious experiences survey
(2 times)
Cognitive Science
(2 times)
MAST (2 times)
ASQ (1 time)
RAAS (1 time)
2018 Relationship Between Attachment Style in Adulthood, Alexithymia, and Dissociation in Alcohol Use Disorder Inpatients. Mediational Model.
97  cystathionine-gamma-lyase
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
3-MST (1 time)
CBS (1 time)
CSE (1 time)
2014 Correlation between the cystathionine-gamma-lyase (CES) and the severity of peptic ulcer disease.
98  calcined eggshell waste materials
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GAC (1 time)
PM (1 time)
TSS (1 time)
2021 Heavy metals removal from landfill leachate by coagulation/flocculation process combined with continuous adsorption using eggshell waste materials.
99  CalEnviroScreen
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
HPI (1 time)
SDOH (1 time)
SVI (1 time)
2023 The impact of social determinants of health on obesity and diabetes disparities among Latino communities in Southern California.
100  California encephalitis serocomplex
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
--- 2009 [Phylogenetic analysis of the nucleotide sequences of Chatanga virus strains, the new representative of California encephalitis serocomplex, isolated in different regions of the Russian Federation].