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Abbreviation: CF
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Long forms: 1478

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
cystic fibrosis
(18589 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4955 times)
CFTR (2642 times)
PA (327 times)
FEV1 (309 times)
1964 COMPARISON OF SOME PROPERTIES OF PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA ISOLATED FROM INFECTIONS IN PERSONS WITH AND WITHOUT CYSTIC FIBROSIS.
complement fixation
(855 times)
Microbiology
(162 times)
ELISA (115 times)
HI (86 times)
CMV (62 times)
1963 Suppression of allergic encephalomyelitis in rats by means of antibrain serum.
characteristic frequency
(419 times)
Audiology
(189 times)
AI (28 times)
IC (27 times)
BM (26 times)
1975 Organization and development of brain stem auditory nuclei of the chicken: organization of projections from n. magnocellularis to n. laminaris.
coronary flow
(367 times)
Cardiology
(113 times)
HR (96 times)
LVDP (80 times)
LVP (41 times)
1976 Prostaglandin E2 and cyclic AMP in the coronary vasodilatation due to cardiac hyperactivity.
carboxyfluorescein
(363 times)
Biochemistry
(98 times)
PC (19 times)
DPPC (17 times)
EPC (11 times)
1979 The use of aqueous space markers to determine the mechanism of interaction between phospholipid vesicles and cells.
contamination factor
(279 times)
Environmental Health
(229 times)
PLI (127 times)
EF (118 times)
Cr (30 times)
2000 Use of native and transplanted mosses as complementary techniques for biomonitoring mercury around an industrial facility.
contact force
(278 times)
Cardiology
(192 times)
AF (104 times)
RF (84 times)
PVI (80 times)
2007 Using an experimental design to identify and quantify the effects of environment related test parameters on the in vitro mucoadhesivity testing of a propanolol buccal tablet.
carbon fiber
(250 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(42 times)
SEM (13 times)
CNTs (12 times)
PEEK (11 times)
1983 Application of carbon fiber (CF)-cloth reinforcement to upper complete denture base.
continuous flow
(224 times)
Environmental Health
(40 times)
LVAD (40 times)
LVADs (30 times)
AWD (27 times)
1979 Antagonistic effects of Bacillus natto and Streptococcus faecalis on growth of Candida albicans.
10  climbing fiber
(214 times)
Neurology
(110 times)
PF (73 times)
PC (54 times)
PCs (54 times)
1971 Spontaneous activity of cerebellar Purkinje cells and their responses to impulses in climbing fibres.
11  concentration factor
(210 times)
Environmental Health
(63 times)
MF (8 times)
CR (6 times)
SP (5 times)
1978 Analysis of left and right ventricular size and shape, as determined from human casts. Description of the method and its validation.
12  cationized ferritin
(192 times)
Cell Biology
(63 times)
HRP (25 times)
NF (18 times)
AF (7 times)
1975 The binding of cationized ferritin at the surfaces of ehrlich ascites tumor cells: the effect of pH and glutaraldehyde fixation.
13  cardiac fibroblasts
(182 times)
Cardiology
(41 times)
ECM (27 times)
Ang II (19 times)
TGF-beta1 (16 times)
2002 Myocardial fibrosis in chronic aortic regurgitation: molecular and cellular responses to volume overload.
14  chloroform
(172 times)
Environmental Health
(64 times)
CT (44 times)
TCE (22 times)
DCM (17 times)
1989 1,2-Dibromoethane and chloroform in the rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri): studies on the distribution of nonvolatile and irreversibly bound metabolites.
15  complementary feeding
(163 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(79 times)
EBF (17 times)
BF (11 times)
MAD (10 times)
1985 Ia+ dendritic cells lining the dermo-epidermal junction in bullous skin disorders, associated with the deposition of immune complexes.
16  culture filtrate
(147 times)
Microbiology
(40 times)
CE (10 times)
ELISA (7 times)
SA (7 times)
1971 Biological characteristics of Clostridium perfringens type A enterotoxin.
17  crude fiber
(139 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(62 times)
CP (72 times)
DM (54 times)
EE (52 times)
1976 Definition of dietary fiber and hypotheses that it is a protective factor in certain diseases.
18  condition factor
(124 times)
Environmental Health
(58 times)
HSI (30 times)
GSI (20 times)
SGR (19 times)
1982 Identification of early carcinogen-induced changes in nutritional and substrate requirements in cultured tracheal epithelial cells.
19  constant frequency
(123 times)
Audiology
(29 times)
FM (30 times)
FPF (5 times)
BP (4 times)
1977 Amplitude spectrum representation in the Doppler-shifted-CF processing area of the auditory cortex of the mustache bat.
20  compassion fatigue
(115 times)
Nursing
(43 times)
CS (44 times)
BO (32 times)
STS (22 times)
2004 Compassion fatigue following the September 11 terrorist attacks: a study of secondary trauma among New York City social workers.
21  cognitive function
(111 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
QoL (15 times)
PF (11 times)
SF (8 times)
1995 A prospective multicenter assessment of the Edmonton staging system for cancer pain.
22  carbon felt
(100 times)
Environmental Health
(31 times)
EF (8 times)
MFC (7 times)
BDD (6 times)
2007 Carbon felt-based bioelectrocatalytic flow detectors: highly sensitive amperometric determination of hydrogen peroxide using adsorbed peroxidase and thionine.
23  carbon footprint
(100 times)
Environmental Health
(65 times)
GHG (36 times)
LCA (21 times)
WF (12 times)
2011 Potential for improving the carbon footprint of butter and blend products.
24  non-cystic fibrosis
(99 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(50 times)
HRCT (6 times)
BSI (4 times)
CI (4 times)
1994 Protection of human respiratory epithelium from Pseudomonas aeruginosa adherence by phosphatidylglycerol liposomes.
25  chronic fatigue
(94 times)
Psychiatry
(15 times)
CFS (30 times)
IBS (10 times)
CI (7 times)
1994 The differential response of chronic fatigue, neurotic and muscular dystrophy patients to experimental psychological stress.
26  conventional fractionation
(94 times)
Neoplasms
(72 times)
HF (30 times)
RT (22 times)
OS (12 times)
1986 Different fractionation schedules in radiation treatment of cerebral metastases.
27  caffeine
(87 times)
Chemistry
(17 times)
TB (12 times)
TP (11 times)
BP (8 times)
1976 Effect of processing technique of different dosage forms on dissolution rate of caffeine and salicylamide.
28  caries-free
(85 times)
Dentistry
(48 times)
S-ECC (29 times)
CA (26 times)
ECC (19 times)
1986 Immunological cross-reactivity of anionic proteins from caries-free and caries-active salivas which differ in biological properties toward oral streptococci.
29  chemical fertilizer
(77 times)
Environmental Health
(47 times)
CM (7 times)
OF (6 times)
SOC (6 times)
2003 [Integrated effect of incorporation with different organic manures on CH4 and N2O emissions from rice paddy].
30  charcoal-filtered air
(75 times)
Environmental Health
(55 times)
NF (42 times)
OTCs (10 times)
AA (9 times)
1988 Influence of ozone stress on growth processes, yields and grain quality characteristics among soybean cultivars.
31  counting fingers
(71 times)
Ophthalmology
(48 times)
VA (18 times)
BCVA (15 times)
HM (13 times)
1989 Long-term visual results of vitreous surgery in diabetic eye disease.
32  cytotoxic factor
(71 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(29 times)
TNF (6 times)
LPS (5 times)
i.c (3 times)
1980 Characterization of the cytotoxic factor produced in the spleen of dengue virus-infected mice.
33  conventional fertilization
(67 times)
Environmental Health
(14 times)
OF (6 times)
RF (4 times)
DF (3 times)
1985 Effect of moderate to very low fat defined formula diets on serum lipids in healthy subjects.
34  ciprofloxacin
(59 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
EF (10 times)
AUC (4 times)
MIC (4 times)
1991 Biopharmaceutic evaluation of some 4-quinolone derivatives.
35  crystal-field
(59 times)
Chemistry
(25 times)
CT (10 times)
SH (7 times)
ZFS (6 times)
2002 The extended version of the computer package CST for conversions, standardization and transformations of the spin Hamiltonian and the crystal-field Hamiltonian.
36  coherence factor
(57 times)
Bacteriology
(11 times)
DAS (16 times)
MV (9 times)
CR (8 times)
1970 Competence factor production in chemically defined media by noncompetent cells of group H Streptococcus strain Challis.
37  contractile force
(51 times)
Cardiology
(18 times)
HR (6 times)
APD (5 times)
NE (5 times)
1976 The effect of the pattern of cardiac sympathetic activity on myocardial contractile force and norepinephrine overflow in the dog heart.
38  conversion factor
(50 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
GM (7 times)
GMO (5 times)
IS (5 times)
1992 The Medicare Fee Schedule unveiled: an account of physician payment reform.
39  cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil
(47 times)
Neoplasms
(26 times)
DCF (11 times)
ESCC (10 times)
OS (9 times)
1992 Clinical and laboratory evaluation of the myeloprotective effect of medroxyprogesterone acetate in head and neck cancer.
40  Canadian Forces
(44 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(13 times)
PTSD (4 times)
HRQoL (2 times)
MVC (2 times)
1975 Helmets and head protection in CF ejections 1967-1973.
41  control-fed
(40 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(12 times)
MR (5 times)
HF (4 times)
AUC (2 times)
1984 Role of estrogen and prolactin in stimulation of carcinogen-induced mammary tumor development by a high-fat diet.
42  cardiac failure
(38 times)
Therapeutics
(8 times)
IHD (4 times)
COPD (2 times)
ICSRs (2 times)
1980 Albuminuria and the permselective properties of the glomerulus in cardiac failure.
43  collaborative filtering
(38 times)
Medical Informatics
(9 times)
CNN (2 times)
MAE (2 times)
ML (2 times)
2008 A New Adaptive Framework for Collaborative Filtering Prediction.
44  counting factor
(38 times)
Microbiology
(10 times)
APTT (1 time)
cAMP (1 time)
CCAs (1 time)
1965 Serological reactions associated with the clumping factor of Staphylococcus aureus.
45  conductive filament
(36 times)
Nanotechnology
(22 times)
RS (9 times)
RRAM (6 times)
CBRAM (5 times)
2010 Controllable growth of nanoscale conductive filaments in solid-electrolyte-based ReRAM by using a metal nanocrystal covered bottom electrode.
46  case fatality
(35 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
AMI (6 times)
CI (5 times)
ICH (3 times)
1997 Population versus clinical view of case fatality from acute coronary heart disease: results from the WHO MONICA Project 1985-1990. Multinational MONItoring of Trends and Determinants in CArdiovascular Disease.
47  calcium folinate
(34 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
5-FU (14 times)
FA (4 times)
HD-MTX (4 times)
1990 Effects of formic acid or calcium formate in feed on performance and microbiological characteristics of broilers.
48  clofibrate
(34 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
PB (11 times)
PPs (5 times)
ALP (3 times)
1984 Effects of the hepatocarcinogenic peroxisome-proliferating hypolipidemic agents clofibrate and nafenopin on the rat liver cell membrane enzymes gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase and alkaline phosphatase and on the early stages of liver carcinogenesis.
49  colonization factor
(34 times)
Microbiology
(14 times)
ETEC (32 times)
LT (7 times)
ST (6 times)
1977 Special O:K:H serotypes among enterotoxigenic E. coli strains from diarrhea in adults and children. Occurrence of the CF (colonization factor) antigen and of hemagglutinating abilities.
50  compressive force
(33 times)
Dentistry
(11 times)
RANKL (8 times)
hPDL (6 times)
OPG (4 times)
1999 Effect of some physical parameters on the sustained drug-release properties of substituted amylose matrices.
51  coelomic fluid
(32 times)
Toxicology
(7 times)
AF (3 times)
NMR (3 times)
SM (3 times)
1990 Complement-like activity in the sea star, Asterias forbesi.
52  carbofuran
(31 times)
Toxicology
(9 times)
HPLC (3 times)
MDA (3 times)
SOD (3 times)
1981 Mutagenicity of N-nitroso derivatives of carbofuran and its toxic metabolites.
53  clinical failure
(28 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
BF (10 times)
PSA (7 times)
PCa (5 times)
2002 Practical application of biochemical failure definitions: what to do and when to do it.
54  crude fat
(28 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(14 times)
CP (12 times)
GE (5 times)
ADG (4 times)
1999 Effect of amino acid injection in broiler breeder eggs on embryonic growth and hatchability of chicks.
55  cardiac frequency
(27 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
OR (3 times)
AM (2 times)
BHS (2 times)
1980 [Althesin in cesarean section].
56  citrovorum factor
(27 times)
Neoplasms
(19 times)
MTX (21 times)
CR (3 times)
5-FU (2 times)
1977 Regulatory control of tetrahydrofolate coenzymes in folate auxotrophs.
57  copper foam
(27 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
ASC (2 times)
Co (2 times)
GO (2 times)
2015 Sensitive electrochemical nonenzymatic glucose sensing based on anodized CuO nanowires on three-dimensional porous copper foam.
58  cognitive flexibility
(26 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
WM (9 times)
EF (7 times)
IC (7 times)
2012 Red blood cell omega-3 fatty acid levels and neurocognitive performance in deployed U.S. Servicemembers.
59  Cognitive frailty
(26 times)
Geriatrics
(8 times)
PF (8 times)
MCI (6 times)
CI (5 times)
2016 Potential fluid biomarkers for pathological brain changes in Alzheimer's disease: Implication for the screening of cognitive frailty.
60  cyst fluid
(26 times)
Parasitology
(9 times)
TsM (4 times)
NC (3 times)
CSF (2 times)
1978 Distribution of beta2-microglobulin in cerebrospinal fluid and in cystic fluid of brain tumors. A preliminary study.
61  coagulation-flocculation
(25 times)
Environmental Health
(20 times)
COD (6 times)
FO (3 times)
OSPW (3 times)
2005 Acute toxicity removal in textile finishing wastewater by Fenton's oxidation, ozone and coagulation-flocculation processes.
62  cocoa flavanols
(25 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(11 times)
FMD (6 times)
NO (3 times)
BP (2 times)
2006 Chronic consumption of flavanol-rich cocoa improves endothelial function and decreases vascular cell adhesion molecule in hypercholesterolemic postmenopausal women.
63  collagen fibrils
(25 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
PGs (5 times)
NC (2 times)
PEI (2 times)
1986 Morphology of the interaction of collagen fibrils with normal human platelets and thrombasthenic platelets.
64  calibration factor
(24 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(8 times)
CV (2 times)
SPECT (2 times)
SUV (2 times)
1992 A model for radon gas adsorption on charcoal for open-faced canisters in an active environment.
65  chloroform fraction
(24 times)
Biology
(5 times)
AF (6 times)
EAF (6 times)
HF (4 times)
2008 Effect of lipid extracted from tsao-ko (Amomum tsao-ko Crevost et Lemaire) on digestive enzyme activity, antioxidant activity, plasma and liver lipids, and blood glucose levels of mice.
66  crevicular fluid
(24 times)
Dentistry
(21 times)
PGE2 (3 times)
BLOSS (2 times)
CO (2 times)
1980 Bacteriolytic activity of human gingival exudate.
67  core factor
(23 times)
Molecular Biology
(10 times)
Pol I (9 times)
UAF (8 times)
TBP (5 times)
1985 Role of cord factor in the modulation of infection caused by mycobacteria.
68  cellulose fibers
(22 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
FTIR (2 times)
MB (2 times)
PLA (2 times)
2008 Influence of complex fibrous media composition on their performances for VOC and particle removal.
69  chlorophyll fluorescence
(22 times)
Botany
(5 times)
PSII (4 times)
DR (2 times)
FHB (2 times)
2002 Vegetation stress detection through chlorophyll a + b estimation and fluorescence effects on hyperspectral imagery.
70  cardiorespiratory fitness
(20 times)
Sports Medicine
(7 times)
BMI (4 times)
PA (4 times)
METs (2 times)
2005 Assessment of the effects of eleutherococcus senticosus on endurance performance.
71  clastogenic factors
(20 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
ACS (3 times)
MDA (2 times)
PMA (2 times)
1982 Tumor promoter phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces a clastogenic factor in human lymphocytes.
72  commercial formulation
(20 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
BTF (3 times)
MEFs (3 times)
EC (2 times)
2007 Norflurazon mobility, dissipation, activity, and persistence in a sandy soil as influenced by formulation.
73  cognitive fatigue
(19 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
PASAT (7 times)
MS (5 times)
PwMS (5 times)
2012 Detecting cognitive fatigue in multiple sclerosis: method matters.
74  Corni Fructus
(19 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
CKD (3 times)
STZ (3 times)
TCM (3 times)
2012 Effects of Corni fructus on ovalbumin-induced airway inflammation and airway hyper-responsiveness in a mouse model of allergic asthma.
75  coniferous forest
(18 times)
Science
(6 times)
EBF (6 times)
AM (4 times)
BF (4 times)
2007 Fungal diversity of Norway spruce litter: effects of site conditions and premature leaf fall caused by bark beetle outbreak.
76  core fucosylation
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
HCC (3 times)
EMT (2 times)
IPF (2 times)
2009 A strategy for precise and large scale identification of core fucosylated glycoproteins.
77  cascade filtration
(17 times)
Transplantation
(7 times)
FFP (2 times)
FH (2 times)
PE (2 times)
1983 Cascade filtration: clinical application in 26 patients with immune complex and IgM mediated diseases.
78  cortical fibroblasts
(17 times)
Nephrology
(7 times)
PTC (5 times)
IGF-I (4 times)
ECM (3 times)
1991 Fibroblasts of rabbit kidney in culture. I. Characterization and identification of cell-specific markers.
79  cloud fraction
(16 times)
Rheumatology
(4 times)
RI (3 times)
JIA (2 times)
USD (2 times)
2008 Doppler ultrasonography of the anterior knee tendons in elite badminton players: colour fraction before and after match.
80  cystic fibrosis patients
(15 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(5 times)
PA (2 times)
AS (1 time)
BAL (1 time)
1985 Thermal sweat lactate in cystic fibrosis and in normal children.
81  Cytophaga-Flavobacteria
(15 times)
Microbiology
(11 times)
FISH (5 times)
DGGE (2 times)
ACT (1 time)
2001 Changes in community composition during dilution cultures of marine bacterioplankton as assessed by flow cytometric and molecular biological techniques.
82  clubfoot
(14 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
AH (1 time)
AM (1 time)
BW (1 time)
1990 Results of physical therapy for idiopathic clubfoot: a long-term follow-up study.
83  coffee
(14 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
DW (3 times)
RW (3 times)
WT (3 times)
2010 Effect of staining solutions on discoloration of resin nanocomposites.
84  color fundus
(14 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
AMD (4 times)
FAF (4 times)
BCVA (2 times)
2011 Reticular drusen associated with geographic atrophy in age-related macular degeneration.
85  common fibular
(14 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
US (5 times)
CSA (3 times)
CSAs (3 times)
2005 Axon regeneration in peripheral nerves is enhanced by proteoglycan degradation.
86  control females
(14 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
CM (5 times)
TF (3 times)
IM (2 times)
1991 Ultrastructural evidence of a sexual dimorphism in the neuropil of the medial preoptic nucleus of the rat: a quantitative study.
87  CrossFit
(14 times)
Sports Medicine
(6 times)
HIFT (2 times)
OTS (2 times)
ABT (1 time)
2018 Energy balance dynamics during short-term high-intensity functional training.
88  chemotactic factor
(13 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
PMN (3 times)
BC (2 times)
HC (2 times)
1979 Motility and adhesiveness in human neutrophils. Effects of chemotactic factors.
89  chicken fat
(13 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
BT (4 times)
FO (3 times)
HSBO (3 times)
1981 Acceptability and digestibility by adult cats of diets made with various sources and levels of fat.
90  chow-fed
(13 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
PF (6 times)
PAE (5 times)
EtOH (3 times)
1995 Gonadotropin-releasing hormone mRNA and gonadotropin beta-subunit mRNA expression in the adult female rat exposed to ethanol in utero.
91  chromatofocusing
(13 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
IEF (3 times)
ER (2 times)
NPS-RP-HPLC (2 times)
1983 Separation of acid phosphatases in the rat ventral prostate by gel filtration, isoelectric focusing, and chromatofocusing.
92  cotton fabric
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
CS (2 times)
BCI (1 time)
BMIMCl (1 time)
2013 All-cellulose and all-wood composites by partial dissolution of cotton fabric and wood in ionic liquid.
93  calcaneofibular
(12 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
ATF (7 times)
ATaF (3 times)
MR (2 times)
1986 Stress examination of traumatized lateral ligaments of the ankle.
94  certainty factor
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
AUC (3 times)
RF (2 times)
AHP (1 time)
1997 Knowledge-based system ADNEXPERT to assist the sonographic diagnosis of adnexal tumors.
95  characterization factors
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
LCA (5 times)
LCIA (5 times)
ACF (1 time)
2010 Transformation products in the life cycle impact assessment of chemicals.
96  colostrum-fed
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
CD (10 times)
LPS (3 times)
Ig (2 times)
1975 Antibody responses to neonatal immunisation in calves.
97  commercial farm
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
DGGE (2 times)
EF (2 times)
BARF (1 time)
1991 Seasonal influence on the reproductive performance of swine in the humid zone of Ghana.
98  corn fiber
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
DDGS (2 times)
ADF (1 time)
AP (1 time)
1987 Evaluation of corn fiber, cottonseed hulls, oat hulls and soybean hulls as roughage sources for ruminants.
99  Case formulation
(11 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(5 times)
CBT (2 times)
PD (2 times)
PTSD (2 times)
2003 Impact of case formulation in cognitive behaviour therapy for psychosis.
100  Charcot foot
(11 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
T2D (3 times)
BP (1 time)
CN (1 time)
2005 The Charcot foot: a clinical challenge.