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Abbreviation: CFD
Appearance Frequency: 4408 time(s)
Long forms: 174

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
computational fluid dynamics
(3974 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(750 times)
WSS (399 times)
CT (128 times)
PIV (108 times)
1994 A squeeze flow phenomenon at the closing of a bileaflet mechanical heart valve prosthesis.
color flow Doppler
(38 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
US (4 times)
RV (3 times)
TR (3 times)
1992 Vascular complications in the adult kidney transplant recipient.
complement factor D
(36 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
AMD (3 times)
CHI3L1 (3 times)
beta2m (2 times)
2010 Lack of association of CFD polymorphisms with advanced age-related macular degeneration.
cerebral folate deficiency
(30 times)
Molecular Biology
(7 times)
CSF (15 times)
5-MTHF (11 times)
FRalpha (7 times)
2004 Cerebral folate deficiency.
cell-free DNA
(23 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
TBI (3 times)
bDNA (2 times)
CI (2 times)
2009 A rapid direct fluorescent assay for cell-free DNA quantification in biological fluids.
craniofacial fibrous dysplasia
(20 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
FD (4 times)
CT (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
1977 Radionuclide angiography--brain and bone imaging in craniofacial fibrous dysplasia (CFD): case report.
Congenital femoral deficiency
(14 times)
Orthopedics
(9 times)
FH (2 times)
AIIS (1 time)
ASIS (1 time)
2011 [Complications after femoral lengthening with ring fixators in congenital femoral deficiency].
constant fraction discriminator
(8 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
PET (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
ADCs (1 time)
2005 Evaluation of high performance data acquisition boards for simultaneous sampling of fast signals from PET detectors.
choline- and folate-deficient
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
NAFLD (6 times)
miRNAs (2 times)
AHCY (1 time)
2012 Plasma microRNAs are sensitive indicators of inter-strain differences in the severity of liver injury induced in mice by a choline- and folate-deficient diet.
10  collagen fibril density
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
AC (1 time)
ALDH3A1 (1 time)
ATC (1 time)
1990 [The ultrastructural changes in the corneal lens stroma of wound healing process following epikeratophakia in rabbits].
11  color-flow duplex
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
PSV (2 times)
AVF (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1995 Incidence of pseudoaneurysm after diagnostic and therapeutic angiography.
12  coagulation-flocculation-decantation
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
alum (1 time)
CCD (1 time)
COD (1 time)
2013 Inactivation of Enterococcus faecalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli present in treated urban wastewater by coagulation-flocculation and photo-Fenton processes.
13  cochlear-facial dehiscence
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CFPW (2 times)
CT (2 times)
FNS (2 times)
2016 Prevalence of Cochlear-Facial Dehiscence in a Study of 1,020 Temporal Bone Specimens.
14  Congenital fibrinogen deficiency
(5 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
HFC (2 times)
IDMEAC (2 times)
ABR (1 time)
2011 Fibrinogen replacement therapy for congenital fibrinogen deficiency.
15  convolution-based forced detection
(5 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
FD (3 times)
MC (3 times)
SPECT (3 times)
2001 Rapid SPECT simulation of downscatter in non-uniform media.
16  craniofacial dysostosis
(5 times)
Genetics, Medical
(3 times)
Ba (1 time)
FGFR2 (1 time)
FH plane (1 time)
1994 A gene for Crouzon craniofacial dysostosis maps to the long arm of chromosome 10.
17  central flash distance
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CLD (4 times)
ICM (3 times)
SD (3 times)
1996 Intra- and interfractional reproducibility of tangential breast fields: a prospective on-line portal imaging study.
18  cervical facet dislocation
(4 times)
Spine
(1 time)
ASIA (1 time)
CAA (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
2016 Surgical treatment of traumatic cervical facet dislocation: anterior, posterior or combined approaches?
19  compact finite difference
(4 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
CRN (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
2010 Higher-accuracy schemes for approximating the Hessian from electronic structure calculations in chemical dynamics simulations.
20  craniofacial FD
(4 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
FD (4 times)
NIH (1 time)
ONC (1 time)
2011 Surgery versus watchful waiting in patients with craniofacial fibrous dysplasia--a meta-analysis.
21  capillary flow density
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
OCTA (3 times)
CC (1 time)
CCL (1 time)
2019 Optical coherence tomography angiography analysis of the choriocapillary layer in treatment-naive diabetic eyes.
22  cefdinir
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
AMP (2 times)
bla (2 times)
CCL (2 times)
2006 Antimicrobial resistance in Haemophilus influenzae isolated from the nasopharynx among Japanese children with acute otitis media.
23  cefiderocol
(3 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CAZ-AVI (1 time)
CPE (1 time)
CPEs (1 time)
2022 Genome characterization of a Klebsiella pneumoniae co-producing OXA-181 and KPC-121 resistant to ceftazidime/avibactam, meropenem/vaborbactam, imipenem/relebactam and cefiderocol isolated from a critically ill patient.
24  central fat distribution
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CO (1 time)
FFM (1 time)
2005 Body composition and fat distribution influence systemic hemodynamics in the absence of obesity: the HyperGEN Study.
25  choriocapillaris flow deficit
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
OCTA (2 times)
CNV (1 time)
eGFR (1 time)
2021 Choriocapillaris microvasculature dysfunction in systemic hypertension.
26  control-fat diet
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HFD (3 times)
GIP (2 times)
111In (1 time)
2012 Transcriptional regulatory factor X6 (Rfx6) increases gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) expression in enteroendocrine K-cells and is involved in GIP hypersecretion in high fat diet-induced obesity.
27  controlled flapping descent
(3 times)
Biology
(3 times)
WAIR (3 times)
dph (2 times)
EMG (2 times)
2009 Precocial development of locomotor performance in a ground-dwelling bird (Alectoris chukar): negotiating a three-dimensional terrestrial environment.
28  conventional freeze-drying
(3 times)
Carbohydrates
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
IFD (1 time)
MFD (1 time)
2016 Spray freeze-dried nanofibrillated cellulose aerogels with thermal superinsulating properties.
29  corneal flux density
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
PLR (2 times)
eCFD (1 time)
ipRGCs (1 time)
2016 Melanopsin-mediated post-illumination pupil response in the peripheral retina.
30  craniofacial deformities
(3 times)
Audiology
(1 time)
CLP (1 time)
Hb (1 time)
MW (1 time)
1987 A simple index for initiating transfusion treatment in thalassaemia intermedia.
31  cross-frequency directionality
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CFC (2 times)
CFCoh (1 time)
ECoG (1 time)
2015 Measuring directionality between neuronal oscillations of different frequencies.
32  (DEM)-Computational Fluid Dynamics
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
ABM (1 time)
DEM (1 time)
RFB (1 time)
2006 Numerical simulation of film coating process in a novel rotating fluidized bed.
33  carbon fiber disc
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
Arg (1 time)
CE (1 time)
CFC (1 time)
2005 Simple method for the separation and detection of native amino acids and the identification of electroactive and non-electroactive analytes.
34  casein diet, devoid of choline and folate
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CFND (2 times)
AA (1 time)
Ah (1 time)
1997 NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase, cytochrome P-450 2C11 and P-450 1A1, and the aryl hydrocarbon receptor in livers of rats fed methyl-folate-deficient diets.
35  Central Federal District
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
EFs (1 time)
SFD (1 time)
UGDB (1 time)
2007 [Guidelines for the assessment of regional factors of the urban populations' exposure].
36  chemical fluid dynamics
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CN (1 time)
2013 Differences in blood velocity simulated stented vessels between pulsed and laminar blood flow: An evaluation using numerical fluid dynamics (CFD).
37  Chicago Fire Department
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(2 times)
AIS (1 time)
ISS (1 time)
TOR (1 time)
1989 The effect of urban trauma system hospital bypass on prehospital transport times and Level 1 trauma patient survival.
38  child feces disposal
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
LMICs (1 time)
2021 Factors associated with safe child feces disposal in Ethiopia, India, and Zambia.
39  child formula dentifrices
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
TAD (2 times)
IMR (1 time)
L-Arg (1 time)
2020 Enhanced Fluoride Bioavailability with Incorporation of Arginine in Child Dentifrices.
40  child functioning difficulties and disability
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
SDG (1 time)
2017 Severe functional difficulties and disabilities in children and adolescents and the Sustainable Development Goals.
41  Chinese Field dogs
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
BAC1 (2 times)
BAC2 (2 times)
BP1 (2 times)
2015 Transcriptome comparison in the pituitary-adrenal axis between Beagle and Chinese Field dogs after chronic stress exposure.
42  cholesterol-free diet
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
HCD (2 times)
HCHTD (1 time)
HDL (1 time)
1997 Lipid profile of rats fed blends of rice bran oil in combination with sunflower and safflower oil.
43  chronic fetal distress
(2 times)
Perinatology
(1 time)
AFD (1 time)
GW (1 time)
HIE (1 time)
2008 The combined detection of umbilical cord nucleated red blood cells and lactate: early prediction of neonatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy.
44  chronic folate deficiency
(2 times)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
5-MTHF (1 time)
DS (1 time)
T2D (1 time)
2017 Deleterious Effects of Chronic Folate Deficiency in the Ts65Dn Mouse Model of Down Syndrome.
45  clampless facilitating device
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
CABG (1 time)
HITS (1 time)
HS (1 time)
2011 Avoiding the clamp during off-pump coronary artery bypass reduces cerebral embolic events: results of a prospective randomized trial.
46  cognitive function decline
(2 times)
Dementia
(1 time)
IADL (1 time)
LPA (1 time)
MVPA (1 time)
2016 Cognitive and Functional Decline among Individuals 50 Years of Age or Older in Cambe, Parana, Brazil: A Population-Based Study.
47  colour flow Doppler ultrasound
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CEA (2 times)
CI (1 time)
DSA (1 time)
1996 The fate of residual defects following carotid endarterectomy detected by early postoperative duplex ultrasound.
48  colour-flow duplex ultrasonography
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
PPET (1 time)
US (1 time)
1995 Proximity penetrating extremity trauma: the role of duplex ultrasound in the detection of occult venous injuries.
49  complement fixation test diluent
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
HBS (1 time)
IM (1 time)
LCA (1 time)
1983 Normal human serum inhibits the lymphocytotoxicity of sera from patients with infectious mononucleosis.
50  Complete Fourier Direct
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2011 COMPARISON OF THE COMPLETE FOURIER DIRECT MRI WITH EXISTING DIFFUSION WEIGHTED MRI METHODS.
51  computational fluid
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
VAD (1 time)
2005 Numerical and experimental analysis of an axial flow left ventricular assist device: the influence of the diffuser on overall pump performance.
52  Congenital factor deficiencies
(2 times)
Thrombosis
(1 time)
CFs (1 time)
ICH (1 time)
TEs (1 time)
2011 Intracranial hemorrhage in children with congenital factor deficiencies.
53  Construction FACE Database
(2 times)
Accidents, Traffic
(1 time)
FACE (2 times)
NIOSH (2 times)
OSHA (1 time)
2017 Fatal falls and PFAS use in the construction industry: Findings from the NIOSH FACE reports.
54  consumer-friendly display
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
NLM (1 time)
UMLS (1 time)
2006 Identifying consumer-friendly display (CFD) names for health concepts.
55  coralline fungal disease
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
CCA (2 times)
OA (1 time)
2014 Ocean warming and acidification have complex interactive effects on the dynamics of a marine fungal disease.
56  craniofacial defects
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
ChIP (1 time)
EDN1 (1 time)
grhl3 (1 time)
2014 Grainyhead-like 3 regulation of endothelin-1 in the pharyngeal endoderm is critical for growth and development of the craniofacial skeleton.
57  craniofacial difference
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
PDI-S (1 time)
PPI (1 time)
PSS (1 time)
2001 Unique outcomes and positive contributions associated with facial difference: expanding research and practice.
58  craniofacial dysmorphisms
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
CNPAS (1 time)
2015 Patient selection in congenital pyriform aperture stenosis repair - 14 year experience and systematic review of literature.
59  cross-frequency decomposition
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
GCFD (1 time)
SSD (1 time)
SSVEP (1 time)
2012 Cross-frequency decomposition: a novel technique for studying interactions between neuronal oscillations with different frequencies.
60  cumulative farrowing duration
(2 times)
BI (2 times)
BW (2 times)
GL (2 times)
2021 Non-infectious risk factors for intrapartum stillbirth in a swine farm in the North of Vietnam.
61  cumulative frequency distribution
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
SC (1 time)
USEPA (1 time)
2015 A new method for setting guidelines to protect human health from agricultural exposure by using chlorpyrifos as an example.
62  2-(4-nitrophenyl)-3H-benzocoumarin fluorescent dye
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
LFPs (1 time)
OLEDs (1 time)
2021 Sensing and sensitive visualization of latent fingerprints on various surfaces using a versatile fluorescent aggregation-induced emission-based coumarin derivative.
63  antibiotic-ceftazidime
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
FRET (1 time)
HSA (1 time)
2017 Probing the interaction of cephalosporin antibiotic-ceftazidime with human serum albumin: A biophysical investigation.
64  C1q, MASP-2, factor D
(1 time)
Immune System Diseases
(1 time)
MPO (1 time)
SARS (1 time)
2022 Complement Activation via the Lectin and Alternative Pathway in Patients With Severe COVID-19.
65  calcium-free diet
(1 time)
Food
(1 time)
--- 2022 Evaluation of an Ionic Calcium Fiber Supplement and Its Impact on Bone Health Preservation in a Dietary Calcium Deficiency Mice Model.
66  Cangfudaotan decoction
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
IR (1 time)
PCOS (1 time)
TCM (1 time)
2020 Cangfudaotan Decoction Alleviates Insulin Resistance and Improves Follicular Development in Rats with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome via IGF-1-PI3K/Akt-Bax/Bcl-2 Pathway.
67  cantilever fixed partial denture
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CCD (1 time)
ESPI (1 time)
RPID (1 time)
2002 [Electronic speckle pattern interferometric analysis on force distribution of different mandibular unilateral free-end dentures].
68  capability and functioning differences
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2017 Do capability and functioning differ? A study of U.K. survey responses.
69  capillary density for each fibre type
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
FCSA (1 time)
LCFR (1 time)
1993 Capillarisation and fibre types in hypertrophied m. plantaris in rats of various ages.
70  capillary fluidic device
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
QDs (1 time)
2012 Fabrication of quantum dots-encoded microbeads with a simple capillary fluidic device and their application for biomolecule detection.
71  capsule fixation device
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Capsule fixation device for cataract surgery.
72  capsule-shaped floating devices
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DOM (1 time)
FDM (1 time)
FLT (1 time)
2020 Three-dimensional (3D)-printed devices composed of hydrophilic cap and hydrophobic body for improving buoyancy and gastric retention of domperidone tablets.
73  carbohydrate-free diet
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
HFD (1 time)
NZO (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2008 High-fat, carbohydrate-free diet markedly aggravates obesity but prevents beta-cell loss and diabetes in the obese, diabetes-susceptible db/db strain.
74  carbohydrate-free, high-fat diet
(1 time)
Nutrition Disorders
(1 time)
3-NT (1 time)
AGEs (1 time)
CML (1 time)
2019 Endogenous advanced glycation end products in pancreatic islets after short-term carbohydrate intervention in obese, diabetes-prone mice.
75  cardiac event-free duration
(1 time)
Breast Neoplasms
(1 time)
DZR (1 time)
HER2 (1 time)
LVEF (1 time)
2017 Cardioprotective Effect of Dexrazoxane in Patients with HER2-Positive Breast Cancer Who Receive Anthracycline Based Adjuvant Chemotherapy Followed by Trastuzumab.
76  Care for Development
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
IMCI (1 time)
2007 "Care for Development" intervention in rural China: a prospective follow-up study.
77  Carpal flexural deformities
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2008 Surgical treatment of carpal flexural deformity in 72 horses.
78  carrier-free drug
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2017 An acid-seeking carrier-free drug achieves high antitumor activity via a "solution-particle" transition.
79  cascaded filter-DLD
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
CTCs (1 time)
DLD (1 time)
2021 Cascaded filter deterministic lateral displacement microchips for isolation and molecular analysis of circulating tumor cells and fusion cells.
80  casein-free diet
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
GFD (1 time)
I-FABP (1 time)
2021 [Gliadomorphin, casomorphin, and intestinal fatty acid binding protein in children with autism spectrum disorders].
81  Causal Features Dependency
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
ALS (1 time)
BN (1 time)
DBN (1 time)
2020 A novel method for predicting the progression rate of ALS disease based on automatic generation of probabilistic causal chains.
82  cefadroxil
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1991 Effects of ethanol on the pharmacokinetics of cephalexin and cefadroxil in the rat.
83  cefonicid
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
AZL (1 time)
1984 Azlocillin and cefonicid penetration into bone enhanced by probenecid.
84  cefradine
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
UV (1 time)
2019 Degradation of cefradine in alga-containing water environment: a mechanism and kinetic study.
85  cell fate divergence
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
--- 2022 Combining single-cell tracking and omics improves blood stem cell fate regulator identification.
86  Central Federal Okrug
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2019 [The trends of population general morbidity in the subjects of the Central Federal Okrug of the Russian Federation].
87  centrally form-deprived
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2015 Both the central and peripheral retina contribute to myopia development in chicks.
88  centrifugal device
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
HTGP (1 time)
MBS (1 time)
2015 Extracorporeal Treatment in Severe Hypertriglyceridemia-Induced Pancreatitis.
89  cerebrospinal fluid diversion
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HIV (1 time)
2019 [Hydrocephaly resulting from thrombophlebitis of the superior sagittal sinus due to osteitis of the cranial vault caused by Aspergillus fumigatus in an immunocompetent patient].
90  CFD, V
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
OFE (2 times)
RBC (1 time)
2010 Hemodynamic analysis of capillary in finger nail-fold using computational fluid dynamics and image estimation.
91  change in frequency deviation
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
BWOA (1 time)
LFM (1 time)
SMG (1 time)
2022 BWOA assisted PIDF-(1+I) controller for intelligent load frequency management of standalone micro-grid.
92  change of flow direction
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
MES (1 time)
RF (1 time)
TCCD (1 time)
2005 The depth of microembolic signal direction change corresponds with vessel anatomy.
93  characteristic fibrillar dimension
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
TMEN (1 time)
2016 Regulators of Metastasis Modulate the Migratory Response to Cell Contact under Spatial Confinement.
94  Chicago Face Database
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2022 Face templates for the Chicago Face Database.
95  Chicago Fire Department Paramedic System
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
ppd (1 time)
UIH (1 time)
1990 Effects of nonparticipation in trauma center system on emergency department utilization.
96  Child Feeding Questionnaire
(1 time)
Social Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2011 Caregivers' attitudes and practices: influence on childhood body weight.
97  choline-free diet
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
ChAT (1 time)
CSD (1 time)
PC (1 time)
2011 Interaction between total body gamma-irradiation and choline deficiency triggers immediate modulation of choline and choline-containing moieties.
98  choriocapillary flow density
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
AREDS (1 time)
CC (1 time)
nAMD (1 time)
2020 Comparison of choriocapillary flow density between fellow eyes of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy and neovascular age-related macular degeneration.
99  chow fat diet
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HFD (1 time)
LKB1 (1 time)
PomcLkb1 KO (1 time)
2020 Deletion of liver kinase B1 in POMC neurons predisposes to diet-induced obesity.
100  chow-food diet
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ATM (1 time)
HFD (1 time)
Hp (1 time)
2011 Obesity-associated hepatosteatosis and impairment of glucose homeostasis are attenuated by haptoglobin deficiency.