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Abbreviation: CG
Appearance Frequency: 11190 time(s)
Long forms: 1077

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
control group
(5067 times)
Medicine
(413 times)
IG (838 times)
EG (704 times)
TG (428 times)
1977 [Electrocardiogram in the "typical angina of effort with normal arteriography" syndrome].
coarse-grained
(895 times)
Chemistry
(544 times)
MD (215 times)
AA (92 times)
MS-CG (35 times)
2004 Molecular-dynamics simulation of amphiphilic bilayer membranes and wormlike micelles: a multi-scale modelling approach to the design of viscoelastic surfactant solutions.
Cockcroft-Gault
(402 times)
Nephrology
(89 times)
MDRD (247 times)
GFR (191 times)
eGFR (130 times)
1992 Failure of predicted creatinine clearance equations in HIV-seropositive patients.
chorionic gonadotropin
(305 times)
Endocrinology
(85 times)
LH (58 times)
FSH (25 times)
hCG (23 times)
1975 Chorionic gonadotropin in the placenta of a chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes).
complicated grief
(198 times)
Psychiatry
(78 times)
PTSD (31 times)
ICG (22 times)
MDD (14 times)
2002 Rates and risks of complicated grief among psychiatric clinic patients in Karachi, Pakistan.
ciliary ganglion
(177 times)
Neurology
(95 times)
SCG (12 times)
NGF (8 times)
NPY (8 times)
1980 Cholinergic neuronotrophic factors: V. Segregation of survival- and neurite-promoting activities in heart-conditioned media.
chronic gastritis
(153 times)
Gastroenterology
(44 times)
GC (34 times)
IM (24 times)
DU (21 times)
1976 Diagnosis of gastric prepyloric and antral lesions: comparison of fiberendoscopy and gastric biopsy with radiology.
central gland
(127 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(27 times)
PZ (54 times)
ADC (16 times)
MRI (13 times)
1976 Autoradiographic localization of estradiol-concentrating cells in the female hamster brain.
center of gravity
(124 times)
Physiology
(27 times)
CP (13 times)
APA (3 times)
ATD (3 times)
1978 Utilization of stored elastic energy in leg extensor muscles by men and women.
10  comparison group
(112 times)
Psychology
(10 times)
IG (30 times)
EG (8 times)
MG (5 times)
1984 Allied health team management of rheumatoid arthritis patients.
11  carrageenan
(109 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(21 times)
MPO (9 times)
NO (8 times)
TNF-alpha (8 times)
1979 Effects of carrageenan, PVP and tumour-bearer serum on immunity induced by excision or mitomycin C-treated tumour cells in mice.
12  cortical granule
(100 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(49 times)
ZP (13 times)
GV (12 times)
MII (12 times)
1974 Agglutination of jelly coat and cortical granule components and the block to polyspermy in the amphibian Xenopus laevis.
13  conjugate gradient
(95 times)
Biophysics
(18 times)
GA (5 times)
LM (5 times)
CT (4 times)
1990 Bifurcation analysis of nonlinear retinal horizontal cell models. II. Network properties.
14  chlorhexidine gluconate
(85 times)
Nephrology
(34 times)
PD (25 times)
i.p (14 times)
EPS (13 times)
1990 Comparison of three skin preparation techniques in the dog. Part 1: Experimental trial.
15  cathepsin G
(77 times)
Biochemistry
(14 times)
NE (32 times)
PR3 (27 times)
LF (12 times)
1989 Neutrophil cathepsin G increases calcium flux and inositol polyphosphate production in cultured endothelial cells.
16  caregivers
(75 times)
Geriatrics
(26 times)
CR (10 times)
PwD (7 times)
PD (6 times)
1996 Insulin and glucose: relationships with hassles, anger, and hostility in nondiabetic older adults.
17  Collapsing glomerulopathy
(68 times)
Nephrology
(24 times)
FSGS (16 times)
HIV (16 times)
SLE (8 times)
1995 Increasing incidence of focal-segmental glomerulosclerosis among adult nephropathies: a 20-year renal biopsy study.
18  cryoglobulinemia
(59 times)
Rheumatology
(9 times)
HCV (12 times)
Ig (4 times)
IC (3 times)
1975 [Presence of cryoprecipitates in the serum of patients with rheumatoid arthritis].
19  collagen-glycosaminoglycan
(54 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(28 times)
DHT (6 times)
MSCs (5 times)
MSC (4 times)
1990 Partial dermal regeneration is induced by biodegradable collagen-glycosaminoglycan grafts.
20  groups: control
(52 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
CAT (2 times)
EMF (2 times)
MV (2 times)
2003 Effects of ethanol and folic acid consumption during pregnancy and lactation on basal enzymatic secretion in the duodenal juice of offspring rats.
21  catechin gallate
(49 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
ECG (36 times)
EGCG (33 times)
EGC (23 times)
2000 Green tea compounds inhibit tyrosine phosphorylation of PDGF beta-receptor and transformation of A172 human glioblastoma.
22  Cholesterol granuloma
(46 times)
Otolaryngology
(18 times)
CT (4 times)
MRI (2 times)
AIP (1 time)
1983 Cholesterol granuloma in a thyroglossal duct cyst. A case report.
23  crude glycerol
(44 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(11 times)
PHA (4 times)
CCD (3 times)
CW (3 times)
2007 Organosolv pretreatment by crude glycerol from oleochemicals industry for enzymatic hydrolysis of wheat straw.
24  cingulate gyrus
(43 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
IPL (6 times)
FC (5 times)
fMRI (5 times)
1989 [The organization of the neuronal activity of the cortical cingulate gyrus in the waking-sleep cycle].
25  compression garments
(43 times)
Physiology
(13 times)
ES (4 times)
HR (4 times)
RPE (4 times)
2008 The effects of contrast bathing and compression therapy on muscular performance.
26  Classic galactosemia
(42 times)
Metabolism
(16 times)
GALT (17 times)
Gal-1-P (5 times)
NBS (5 times)
2013 Body composition in young patients with galactose metabolic disorders: a preliminary report.
27  cholylglycine
(36 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
ICP (6 times)
EMIT (3 times)
HA (3 times)
1979 [Radioimmunoassay of cholylglycine in serum (author's transl)].
28  cardiac glycoside
(34 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
CMA (2 times)
AME (1 time)
AP (1 time)
1975 Cardiac effects of ethacrynic acid, a Na+, K+-ATPase inhibitor.
29  conventional group
(32 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
IG (6 times)
EG (5 times)
MG (3 times)
2006 Telecare in a structured therapeutic education programme addressed to patients with type 1 diabetes and poor metabolic control.
30  cashew gum
(30 times)
Carbohydrates
(11 times)
AFM (2 times)
FTIR (2 times)
LbL (2 times)
2012 Alginate/cashew gum floating bead as a matrix for larvicide release.
31  computer graphics
(30 times)
Medical Informatics
(6 times)
VR (4 times)
3DCG (1 time)
AADS (1 time)
1989 New trends in computer graphics and computer vision to assist functional neurosurgery.
32  colloidal gold
(28 times)
Biotechnology
(4 times)
ELISA (3 times)
LFIA (3 times)
Con A (2 times)
1984 Use of colloidal gold and ruthenium red in stereo high-voltage electron microscopic study of Con A-binding sites in mouse macrophages.
33  contemporary group
(28 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(18 times)
BA (2 times)
BF (2 times)
BW (2 times)
2000 Maternal birth weight breeding value as an additional factor to predict calf birth weight in beef cattle.
34  cystitis glandularis
(27 times)
Pathology
(5 times)
ELISA (3 times)
IL-6 (3 times)
CC (2 times)
1988 Prostate specific antigen and acid phosphatase-reactive cells in cystitis cystica and glandularis.
35  cytogenetics
(27 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
FISH (7 times)
MDS (5 times)
CM (4 times)
1988 DNA content and genetic evolution of human colorectal adenocarcinoma. A study by flow cytometry and cytogenetic analysis.
36  clinical guidelines
(25 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
NICE (8 times)
CI (2 times)
GPs (2 times)
2002 [Factors influencing the appropriation of clinical guidelines by physicians].
37  Compensatory growth
(25 times)
Science
(3 times)
GH (3 times)
ADLIB (2 times)
IGF-I (2 times)
1990 Growth hormone, insulin, prolactin and glucose levels in ewe and ram lambs during normal and compensatory growth.
38  chimney graft
(24 times)
Vascular Diseases
(20 times)
EVAR (6 times)
TEVAR (3 times)
ELs (2 times)
2011 Technical aspects, current indications, and results of chimney grafts for juxtarenal aortic aneurysms.
39  cisplatin and gemcitabine
(24 times)
Neoplasms
(20 times)
NSCLC (10 times)
OS (8 times)
PFS (6 times)
2003 First-line gemcitabine with cisplatin or epirubicin in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer: a phase III trial.
40  clonal group
(24 times)
Drug Therapy
(9 times)
KPC (5 times)
KPC-Kp (5 times)
ST (5 times)
2010 Characterization of multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli isolated from extraintestinal clinical infections in animals.
41  Cheilitis granulomatosa
(23 times)
Dermatology
(11 times)
MRS (9 times)
OFG (4 times)
CD (3 times)
1993 [A study on the relationship between cheilitis granulomatosa and Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome].
42  cytosine-guanine
(23 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
AT (6 times)
AUC (1 time)
CB (1 time)
1993 Specific recognition of CG base pairs by 2-deoxynebularine within the purine.purine.pyrimidine triple-helix motif.
43  chitosan-gelatin
(22 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(8 times)
ECM (3 times)
CFD (2 times)
HA (2 times)
2004 Chitosan/gelatin composite microcarrier for hepatocyte culture.
44  calycosin-7-O-beta-d-glucoside
(21 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
AR (6 times)
AGEs (2 times)
Bge (2 times)
2007 Alleviation of osteoarthritis by calycosin-7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (CG) isolated from Astragali radix (AR) in rabbit osteoarthritis (OA) model.
45  coal gangue
(21 times)
Environmental Health
(15 times)
SS (4 times)
XRD (3 times)
ANN (2 times)
2014 Investigation on thermal and trace element characteristics during co-combustion biomass with coal gangue.
46  corn grain
(21 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(11 times)
BG (7 times)
CS (6 times)
DM (5 times)
2003 In situ intestinal digestibility of dry matter and crude protein of cereal grains and rapeseed in sheep.
47  calcium gluconate
(20 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
CC (3 times)
BT (2 times)
DTZ (2 times)
1978 Provocative agents and the diagnosis of medullary carcinoma of the thyroid gland.
48  carbonyl groups
(20 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
MDA (13 times)
GPx (5 times)
SOD (4 times)
1996 Protein oxidation in hemodialysis and kidney transplantation.
49  cerebral ganglion
(20 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
GnRH (3 times)
CNS (2 times)
CT (2 times)
1985 Heterogeneity of peptides released by electrically active neuroendocrine caudodorsal cells of Lymnaea stagnalis.
50  chest girth
(20 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
BL (15 times)
HW (10 times)
BW (9 times)
2002 Lack of association of GH1 and POU1F1 gene variants with meat production traits in Piemontese cattle.
51  coagulating gland
(20 times)
Histology
(6 times)
SV (12 times)
VP (5 times)
3 alpha-HSOR (3 times)
1981 Development of seminal vesicles and coagulating glands in neonatal mice. I. The morphogenetic effects of various hormonal conditions.
52  Combat Gauze
(20 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
SG (5 times)
WS (3 times)
MAP (2 times)
2010 Safety evaluation of new hemostatic agents, smectite granules, and kaolin-coated gauze in a vascular injury wound model in swine.
53  cancer-germline
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
EOC (4 times)
NO (2 times)
DBs (1 time)
2004 Expression of MHC class I, MHC class II, and cancer germline antigens in neuroblastoma.
54  care group
(18 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
NCG (5 times)
CRP (3 times)
SG (3 times)
1989 Knowledge and practice of oral rehydration therapy in a village in Gazankulu after the introduction of the Morley spoon.
55  cingulum
(18 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
FA (10 times)
DTI (9 times)
SLF (8 times)
2006 Potential of diffusion tensor MRI in the assessment of periventricular leukomalacia.
56  candidate gene
(16 times)
Genetics
(5 times)
QTL (6 times)
MQTL (3 times)
CI (2 times)
2004 Molecular markers from the transcribed/expressed region of the genome in higher plants.
57  congenital glaucoma
(16 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
IOP (6 times)
CCT (2 times)
CH (2 times)
2007 Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment associated with primary congenital glaucoma.
58  Clinical Governance
(15 times)
Health Policy
(3 times)
CGCQ (2 times)
AHP (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2010 OPTIGOV - A new methodology for evaluating Clinical Governance implementation by health providers.
59  Cockcroft-Gault formula
(15 times)
Nephrology
(6 times)
GFR (11 times)
MDRD (6 times)
eGFR (3 times)
1999 Glomerular filtration rate estimation from plasma creatinine after inhibition of tubular secretion: relevance of the creatinine assay.
60  computer-generated
(15 times)
Medical Informatics
(5 times)
ETLs (1 time)
FASD (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
2005 Cyber-anthropology: a new study on human and technological co-evolution.
61  Cerebralcare Granule
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
I/R (2 times)
AD (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
2008 The antioxidant Cerebralcare Granule attenuates cerebral microcirculatory disturbance during ischemia-reperfusion injury.
62  Cheilitis glandularis
(14 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
SCC (2 times)
AQPs (1 time)
RCM (1 time)
1984 Cheilitis glandularis: a re-evaluation.
63  common ground
(14 times)
Audiology
(3 times)
BP (2 times)
MP (2 times)
TP (2 times)
1994 Pitch perception for different modes of stimulation using the cochlear multiple-electrode prosthesis.
64  Collagenous gastritis
(13 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
CC (2 times)
CD (2 times)
EGD (2 times)
2009 Collagenous gastritis: histopathologic features and association with other gastrointestinal diseases.
65  computer games
(13 times)
Psychiatry
(9 times)
AT (5 times)
CR (3 times)
ESZ (2 times)
2011 Effects of high aerobic intensity training in patients with schizophrenia: a controlled trial.
66  control gate
(13 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
FG (7 times)
ChR2 (3 times)
B2M (2 times)
2003 Evaluation of candidate control genes for diagnosis and residual disease detection in leukemic patients using 'real-time' quantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) - a Europe against cancer program.
67  cerebellar granule
(12 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
DPP6 (3 times)
SA (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1996 Effects on K+ currents in rat cerebellar granule neurones of a membrane-permeable analogue of the calcium chelator BAPTA.
68  Chordoid glioma
(12 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
GFAP (2 times)
GTR (2 times)
EOR (1 time)
2015 Chordoid glioma: a rare radiologically, histologically, and clinically mystifying lesion.
69  contrast-to-gradient
(12 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(8 times)
SEM (3 times)
ROI (2 times)
SNR (2 times)
1992 Novel, contrast gradient-oriented, automated chromatin texture analysis. I. Feasibility study on nuclei from benign and malignant breast epithelial cell lines in fine needle aspirates.
70  chromaffin granules
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
APP (1 time)
APPs (1 time)
Arg-MCA (1 time)
1985 The use of monoclonal antibodies in the study of the interaction between adrenal medullary cell membranes and chromaffin granules.
71  chronic glomerulonephritis
(11 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
CP (3 times)
CA (1 time)
CIC (1 time)
1985 Progression of renal failure in patients with renal disease of diverse etiology on protein-restricted diet.
72  coffee grounds
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
SS (2 times)
AC (1 time)
ANN (1 time)
2011 Adsorption mechanism of copper and cadmium onto defatted waste biomass.
73  collagen gel
(11 times)
Cell Biology
(5 times)
BM (2 times)
ECM (2 times)
PBS (2 times)
1993 Mucin synthesis and secretion by cultured tracheal cells: effects of collagen gel substratum thickness.
74  continuous grazing
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
RG (4 times)
NG (2 times)
SOC (2 times)
2003 [Influences of grazing and exclosure on carbon sequestration in degraded sandy grassland, Inner Mongolia, north China].
75  cycloguanil
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
PG (8 times)
CPB (4 times)
4CPB (1 time)
1987 Single dose pharmacokinetics of proguanil and its metabolites in healthy subjects.
76  central gray area
(10 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(5 times)
LH (8 times)
MH (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1982 Approach responses for mesencephalic central gray stimulation are facilitated by D-amphetamine or food deprivation.
77  chitin-glucan
(10 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(3 times)
HF (2 times)
BA (1 time)
BVM (1 time)
2009 Fungal chitin-glucan from Aspergillus niger efficiently reduces aortic fatty streak accumulation in the high-fat fed hamster, an animal model of nutritionally induced atherosclerosis.
78  chronic gingivitis
(10 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
CP (6 times)
AgP (2 times)
CAL (2 times)
1987 Hyaluronic acid and hyaluronidase activity in gingival exudate from sites of acute ulcerative gingivitis in man.
79  containing a
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
dI (1 time)
DPAGE (1 time)
ICL (1 time)
1985 Transcriptional block caused by a negative supercoiling induced structural change in an alternating CG sequence.
80  cysteinylglycine
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
Cys (5 times)
GGT (3 times)
Hcy (3 times)
1989 Effect of pH on mutagenesis by thiols in Salmonella typhimurium TA102.
81  capsular glaucoma
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
IOP (5 times)
POAG (4 times)
ECCE (2 times)
1986 Intraocular lens implantation in exfoliation syndrome and capsular glaucoma.
82  clinical grade
(9 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
CIDP (3 times)
GS (3 times)
NDS (3 times)
1994 Correlation between clinical, electromyographic and dysautonomic evolution of familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy of the Portuguese type.
83  Cockcroft-Gault equation
(9 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
GFR (5 times)
MDRD (5 times)
CKD-EPI (3 times)
2002 Creatinine clearance, Cockcroft-Gault formula and cystatin C: estimators of true glomerular filtration rate in the elderly?
84  cationized gelatin
(8 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
ALG (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
CG-PLLA NFM (1 time)
2002 Controlled release of plasmid DNA from cationized gelatin hydrogels based on hydrogel degradation.
85  chrysamine G
(8 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
AD (4 times)
123I-SAP (2 times)
CR (2 times)
1994 Development of small molecule probes for the beta-amyloid protein of Alzheimer's disease.
86  cornea guttata
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
ECD (3 times)
CCT (2 times)
CDVA (1 time)
1991 [Cornea guttata and Fuchs' endothelial-epithelial dystrophy. Clinico-histologic study of 73 patients].
87  crista galli
(8 times)
Anatomy
(5 times)
ACP (2 times)
CBCT (2 times)
CB (1 time)
2007 Skull base growth in children with Chiari malformation Type I.
88  cultivated ginseng
(8 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
MCG (6 times)
NF-kappaB (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2012 Cultivated ginseng suppresses ultraviolet B-induced collagenase activation via mitogen-activated protein kinases and nuclear factor kappaB/activator protein-1-dependent signaling in human dermal fibroblasts.
89  Cypriot Greek
(8 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(6 times)
TD (3 times)
SMG (2 times)
VOT (2 times)
2010 Development of voice onset time in standard-Greek and Cypriot-Greek-speaking preschoolers.
90  capillary glucose
(7 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
AMR (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CGMS (1 time)
2004 Risk factors for the development of posttransplantation diabetes mellitus in simultaneous pancreas and kidney recipients.
91  capillary glycemia
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
CGMS (4 times)
20th (1 time)
AC (1 time)
2005 Efficacy of continuous glucose monitoring system to detect unrecognized hypoglycemia in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes.
92  central gray matter
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AM (2 times)
CTX (1 time)
DBH (1 time)
1976 Cholinergic and serotonergic neural links and the inhibitory effects of hippocampus, lateral amygdala and central gray matter on gonadotropin release.
93  cholesterol gallstone
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
LD (4 times)
ABC (2 times)
BAs (2 times)
2012 N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid attenuates cholesterol gallstones by suppressing mucin production with a high cholesterol diet in mice.
94  colloid goiter
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
PTC (3 times)
FA (2 times)
HT (2 times)
1986 Class II antigens in Hashimoto thyroiditis. II. Expression of HLA-DR on infiltrating mononuclear cells in peripolesis.
95  complex gastroschisis
(7 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
SG (3 times)
BMI (1 time)
EABD (1 time)
2007 Complicated gastroschisis and maternal smoking: a causal association?
96  continuously grazed
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
RBR (4 times)
Al (1 time)
AMR (1 time)
2011 The status and importance of crude protein and macro minerals in native pastures growing on Vertisols of the central highlands of Ethiopia.
97  corticogeniculate
(7 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
LGN (3 times)
ChR2 (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1984 Visual cortical input alters spatial tuning in monkey lateral geniculate nucleus cells.
98  cytological grading
(7 times)
Cytodiagnosis
(3 times)
HG (4 times)
FNAC (3 times)
SBR (2 times)
2004 Cytologic scoring of endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the endometrium.
99  Cabernet Gernischt
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
BBH (1 time)
MH (1 time)
TGs (1 time)
2013 Different influences of beta-glucosidases on volatile compounds and anthocyanins of Cabernet Gernischt and possible reason.
100  carotid glomus
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
SBP (3 times)
AG (2 times)
RAH (2 times)
2004 Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 and transforming growth factor-beta 1 in carotid glomus and autonomic ganglia from spontaneously hypertensive rats.