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Abbreviation: CGS
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Long forms: 185

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
cystathionine gamma-synthase
(48 times)
Botany
(15 times)
Met (10 times)
CBL (6 times)
TS (6 times)
1992 Sequence and characterization of the met-7 gene of Neurospora crassa.
cardiogenic shock
(17 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
IABP (3 times)
OR (3 times)
PCI (3 times)
1986 The extent of coronary artery disease in diabetic patients with myocardial infarction: an ECG study.
collagen-gelatin sponge
(16 times)
Tissue Engineering
(7 times)
bFGF (15 times)
NSS (4 times)
AD (2 times)
2011 Efficacy of novel collagen/gelatin scaffold with sustained release of basic fibroblast growth factor for dermis-like tissue regeneration.
CGS-21680
(11 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
A2AR (3 times)
A1R (1 time)
A2ARs (1 time)
1997 Adenosine inhibition of neutrophil damage during reperfusion does not involve K(ATP)-channel activation.
clinical grading system
(11 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
MH (5 times)
MHS (4 times)
IVCT (3 times)
1998 [Evaluation of malignant hyperthermia episodes with the Clinical Grading Scale].
comfortable gait speed
(11 times)
Rehabilitation
(5 times)
FGS (4 times)
MDC (3 times)
BBS (2 times)
2009 Meaningful gait speed improvement during the first 60 days poststroke: minimal clinically important difference.
cultural group selection
(11 times)
Brain
(11 times)
--- 2016 Cultural group selection is plausible, but the predictions of its hypotheses should be tested with real-world data.
Chinese giant salamander
(10 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
CS (2 times)
ADRV (1 time)
ASC (1 time)
2017 A reference gene set construction using RNA-seq of multiple tissues of Chinese giant salamander, Andrias davidianus.
cholesterol gallstone
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
BSEP (2 times)
FXR (2 times)
LD (2 times)
1992 Effect on curcumin on cholesterol gall-stone induction in mice.
10  comparative genome sequencing
(10 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
CRC (3 times)
AcR (1 time)
ADH (1 time)
2007 An evaluation of Comparative Genome Sequencing (CGS) by comparing two previously-sequenced bacterial genomes.
11  clinical genetics services
(9 times)
Genetics, Medical
(4 times)
CA-DCE (1 time)
CC (1 time)
CCs (1 time)
2008 Outcome measurement in clinical genetics services: a systematic review of validated measures.
12  Clinical Guidelines Subcommittee
(9 times)
Endocrinology
(9 times)
GRADE (5 times)
CACC (2 times)
CAC (1 time)
2006 Androgen therapy in women: an Endocrine Society Clinical Practice guideline.
13  coal gasification slag
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
FA (2 times)
ARGs (1 time)
AS (1 time)
1992 Effects of coal gasification slag as a substrate for the plant Cyperus esculentus and the worm Eisenia fetida.
14  cumulative genetic score
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
IPV (2 times)
BAS (1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
2013 Identifying genetic predictors of depression risk: 5-HTTLPR and BDNF Val66Met polymorphisms are associated with rumination and co-rumination in adolescents.
15  contiguous gene syndrome
(7 times)
Genetics, Medical
(4 times)
FISH (2 times)
TSC (2 times)
ADPKD (1 time)
2003 Modeling del(17)(p11.2p11.2) and dup(17)(p11.2p11.2) contiguous gene syndromes by chromosome engineering in mice: phenotypic consequences of gene dosage imbalance.
16  conditional goal setting
(5 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
CGS-EDS (1 time)
ED (1 time)
SOP (1 time)
2003 The psychosocial impact of cancer: exploring relationships between conditional goal setting and depression.
17  continuous glucose sensors
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
CG-EGA (3 times)
EGA (1 time)
GHb (1 time)
2005 Evaluating the clinical accuracy of two continuous glucose sensors using continuous glucose-error grid analysis.
18  calculation grid size
(4 times)
Radiotherapy
(3 times)
PTV (3 times)
SBRT (3 times)
AAA (1 time)
2015 Dose calculation of Acuros XB and Anisotropic Analytical Algorithm in lung stereotactic body radiotherapy treatment with flattening filter free beams and the potential role of calculation grid size.
19  candidate gene studies
(4 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
2015 Genetics of coronary artery disease - a clinician's perspective.
20  Child Growth Standards
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
BAZ (1 time)
BINA (1 time)
CDMB (1 time)
2010 Assessment of Canadian Cree infants' birth size using the WHO Child Growth Standards.
21  chronic grass sickness
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
AGS (2 times)
EGS (1 time)
GB (1 time)
1997 Light microscopy of the enteric nervous system of horses with or without equine dysautonomia (grass sickness): its correlation with the motor effects of physostigmine.
22  colloid gold strip
(4 times)
Virology
(3 times)
AIV (1 time)
DPV (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
2008 A simple and rapid immunochromatographic strip test for monitoring antibodies to H5 subtype Avian Influenza Virus.
23  cross-linked graphene sponge
(4 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
DapA (1 time)
DCGS (1 time)
EDA (1 time)
2015 Black hemostatic sponge based on facile prepared cross-linked graphene.
24  Crow-Glassman Scale
(4 times)
Jurisprudence
(4 times)
PMI (1 time)
1996 Standardization model for describing the extent of burn injury to human remains.
25  crystalline glucosamine sulfate
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
14C-Gl (1 time)
ADME (1 time)
GL (1 time)
2001 Absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion of glucosamine sulfate. A review.
26  Canadian Geriatrics Society
(3 times)
Geriatrics
(3 times)
FTEs (1 time)
2012 Specialist physicians in geriatrics-report of the canadian geriatrics society physician resource work group.
27  cationic gemini surfactant
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BET (1 time)
BJH (1 time)
Cdl (1 time)
2022 Appraisal of synthetic cationic Gemini surfactants as highly efficient inhibitors for carbon steel in the acidization of oil and gas wells: an experimental and computational approach.
28  central gray substance
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
LC (1 time)
NM (1 time)
SN (1 time)
1979 [Impairment of the formation of conditioned avoidance reactions following destruction of the ventral amygdalofugal pathway].
29  coherent gradient sensing
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
--- 2011 Full-field measurement of nonuniform stresses of thin films at high temperature.
30  Cold Gas Spray
(3 times)
Microscopy, Electron
(1 time)
PEEK (1 time)
2014 Enhancing the bioactivity of polymeric implants by means of cold gas spray coatings.
31  collaborative goal-setting
(3 times)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
FCC (1 time)
PTs (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2016 Implementation of collaborative goal setting for diabetes in community primary care.
32  composite gold standard
(3 times)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
DECT (1 time)
NCCT (1 time)
2015 Xpert MTB/Rif for the diagnosis of extrapulmonary tuberculosis--an experience from a tertiary care centre in South India.
33  contiguous gene deletion syndrome
(3 times)
Immune System Diseases
(1 time)
BTK (1 time)
DDON (1 time)
HLH (1 time)
2020 Distinct Clinical Features and Novel Mutations in Taiwanese Patients With X-Linked Agammaglobulinemia.
34  conventional gravity system
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
LMW (2 times)
AOM (1 time)
AOP (1 time)
2018 Formation characteristics of carbonaceous and nitrogenous disinfection by-products depending on residual organic compounds by CGS and DAF.
35  cross-generational sex
(3 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
--- 2010 Incidences of cross-generation sexual activities in Nigeria: implications for HIV/AIDS control.
36  cancer-related gene signature
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ATF3 (1 time)
BTG2 (1 time)
2010 p53 Regulates the Ras circuit to inhibit the expression of a cancer-related gene signature by various molecular pathways.
37  Carbon geosequestration
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
EOR (1 time)
NPs (1 time)
2017 CO2-Water-Rock Wettability: Variability, Influencing Factors, and Implications for CO2 Geostorage.
38  celiac ganglion stimulation
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
ANS (2 times)
BCO (2 times)
SENA (1 time)
1989 Reflex control of mesenteric vein diameter and pressure in situ in rabbits.
39  cell growth switch
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
CID (1 time)
EMP (1 time)
ICAM-4 (1 time)
2014 A hyperactive Mpl-based cell growth switch drives macrophage-associated erythropoiesis through an erythroid-megakaryocytic precursor.
40  CGS-12066A
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
5-HT (1 time)
5CT (1 time)
AH (1 time)
1999 Serotonin regulation of aggressive behavior in male golden hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus).
41  CGS-21680 HCl
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
CCPA (1 time)
CSC (1 time)
1996 Adenosine receptor agonists differentially regulate IL-10, TNF-alpha, and nitric oxide production in RAW 264.7 macrophages and in endotoxemic mice.
42  Chennai glaucoma study
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
--- 2005 A comparison of participants and non-participants in the Chennai Glaucoma Study-rural population.
43  chronic gingivostomatitis
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
OR (2 times)
ICCs (1 time)
OSCC (1 time)
2019 Inter- and intra-observer reliability of quantitative sensory testing performed with the SMall animal ALGOmeter (SMALGO) to evaluate pain associated with feline gingivostomatitis.
44  classroom goal-structures
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
CMCQ (1 time)
2008 Development and initial validation of the Classroom Motivational Climate Questionnaire (CMCQ).
45  coarse-grained soil
(2 times)
FTCs (1 time)
2022 An Empirical Dilatancy Model for Coarse-Grained Soil under the Influence of Freeze-Thaw Cycles.
46  Cohort for the General study of Schizophrenia
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
RLAI (1 time)
2011 Does long-acting injectable risperidone make a difference to the real-life treatment of schizophrenia? Results of the Cohort for the General study of Schizophrenia (CGS).
47  collagen-GAG scaffold
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
hMSCs (1 time)
HUVECs (1 time)
PSHG (1 time)
2019 A porous collagen-GAG scaffold promotes muscle regeneration following volumetric muscle loss injury.
48  collapsed Gibbs sampling
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
ccLBLA (1 time)
HPP-ccLBLA (1 time)
LDA (1 time)
2021 PAN-LDA: A latent Dirichlet allocation based novel feature extraction model for COVID-19 data using machine learning.
49  collateral grading scale
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AIS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CTP (1 time)
2016 The Prognostic Value of a Four-Dimensional CT Angiography-Based Collateral Grading Scale for Reperfusion Therapy in Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients.
50  Community Geriatrics Service
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
EPOA (1 time)
GP (1 time)
2013 Review of capacity assessments and recommendations for examining capacity.
51  community groundwater system
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
WHO (1 time)
2017 Natural radon reduction rate of the community groundwater system in South Korea.
52  compact globular structure
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
--- 1990 Effect of auxin on cytodifferentiation and production of quinoline alkaloids in compact globular structures of Cinchona ledgeriana.
53  complete genome sequence
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BPIV3 (1 time)
BRDC (1 time)
class A (1 time)
2019 Occurrence of intI1-associated VIM-5 carbapenemase and co-existence of all four classes of beta-lactamase in carbapenem-resistant clinical Pseudomonas aeruginosa DMC-27b.
54  computer-guided surgery
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CAD/CAM (1 time)
2016 A New Approach to Implant-Based Midface Reconstruction Following Subtotal Maxillectomy.
55  concentration gradient strips
(2 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(2 times)
BMD (1 time)
EAs (1 time)
MECs (1 time)
2018 Species Identification and In Vitro Antifungal Susceptibility of Aspergillus terreus Species Complex Clinical Isolates from a French Multicenter Study.
56  copper gallium diselenide
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BALF (2 times)
CIS (2 times)
CdTe (1 time)
1995 Acute pulmonary toxicity of copper gallium diselenide, copper indium diselenide, and cadmium telluride intratracheally instilled into rats.
57  corn grain and wheat straw
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
CG (1 time)
CGS-EP (1 time)
CGS-U (1 time)
2012 Effects of the provision of large amounts of solid feeds to veal calves on growth and slaughter performance and intravitam and postmortem welfare indicators.
58  crude ginseng saponin
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CGNS (1 time)
GS-Rb1 (1 time)
GS-Rg1 (1 time)
1988 Acute and chronic effects of ginseng saponins on maternal aggression in mice.
59  Cu-Ga-S
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
QDs (2 times)
AGS (1 time)
QLEDs (1 time)
2017 Synthesis of highly efficient azure-to-blue-emitting Zn-Cu-Ga-S quantum dots.
60  cumulative graft survival
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
DD (1 time)
1989 Hypertension in kidney transplant recipients. Effect on long-term renal allograft survival.
61  C. glandulosum seed
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CGSB (1 time)
STZ (1 time)
T1DM (1 time)
2015 Dicaffeoylquinic Acid-Enriched Fraction of Cichorium glandulosum Seeds Attenuates Experimental Type 1 Diabetes via Multipathway Protection.
62  cadaveric gait simulator
(1 time)
Foot Deformities
(1 time)
OA (1 time)
ROM (1 time)
2015 Insertion of a pressure sensing arrayminimally affects hindfoot bone kinematics.
63  calculated for step length
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
FGS (1 time)
MDC (1 time)
STA (1 time)
2011 Reliability of spatiotemporal asymmetry during overground walking for individuals following chronic stroke.
64  California ground squirrels
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
VIPs (1 time)
2022 Genetic characterization of potential venom resistance proteins in California ground squirrels (Otospermophilus beecheyi) using transcriptome analyses.
65  Canadian Glaucoma Study
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
MD (1 time)
2014 Rates of glaucomatous visual field change in a large clinical population.
66  Cancer of the gastric stump
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2006 Cancer of the gastric stump following distal gastrectomy for cancer.
67  Canine Geriatric Syndrome
(1 time)
Animal Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2022 Canine Geriatric Syndrome: A Framework for Advancing Research in Veterinary Geroscience.
68  canister grab sampling
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
PID (1 time)
ppbv (1 time)
SPods (1 time)
2022 Demonstration of VOC Fenceline Sensors and Canister Grab Sampling near Chemical Facilities in Louisville, Kentucky.
69  carboxyl graphene nanosheets
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
AFP (1 time)
CEA (1 time)
CHIT-AuNPs (1 time)
2013 Electrochemical immunosensor for simultaneous detection of multiplex cancer biomarkers based on graphene nanocomposites.
70  cardiac gating signal
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ECG (1 time)
LV (1 time)
PET (1 time)
2015 Automatic Cardiac Self-Gating of Small-Animal PET Data.
71  Care Giver System
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 1989 NME's Care Giver System: 21st century patient care delivery.
72  Caregiver Grief Scale
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
AGS (1 time)
CGQ (1 time)
MM-CGI (1 time)
2022 Assessment of anticipatory grief in informal caregivers of dependants with dementia: a systematic review.
73  caregiver strain
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
2023 Associations Among Autism Symptom Domains and Facets of Caregiver Strain.
74  carrier granular sludge
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
EPS (1 time)
NGS (1 time)
PVA/CS (1 time)
2021 Insight: High intensity and activity carrier granular sludge cultured using polyvinyl alcohol/chitosan and polyvinyl alcohol/chitosan/iron gel beads.
75  cataract and glaucoma surgery
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
GS (1 time)
PACG (1 time)
2019 Changes in glaucoma medication numbers after cataract and glaucoma surgery: A nationwide population-based study.
76  Central Government Spending
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
GNP (1 time)
2005 State size as measured in terms of public spending and world health, 1990-2000.
77  central gray substance of midbrain
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
1990 [Role of serotonin receptors in the amygdaloid complex and central gray substance in conditioned passive avoidance reaction in rats].
78  centromere-associated gene score
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
GEP (1 time)
MM (1 time)
2020 A centromere-associated gene score for rapid determination of risk in multiple myeloma.
79  CF Gene Modifier Study
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
CFRD (1 time)
CFTR (1 time)
2021 Cystic fibrosis-related diabetes onset can be predicted using biomarkers measured at birth.
80  CGS-27023A
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
MMP (1 time)
SC (1 time)
uPA (1 time)
2007 Establishment of a mouse skin model of the lichenification in human chronic eczematous dermatitis.
81  CGS16949 A, 4-benzonitrile monohydrochloride
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
11-KT (1 time)
ATD (1 time)
1995 Effects of aromatase inhibitors on sexual maturation in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, male parr.
82  CGS93-43B
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1994 Calmodulin-dependent regulation of the catalytic function of the human serotonin transporter in placental choriocarcinoma cells.
83  chalcogenide glassy semiconductors
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2013 Study of the EFG tensor at 75As nuclei in Ge-As-Se chalcogenide glasses.
84  chemiresistive gas sensors
(1 time)
IoT (1 time)
2022 Recent Progress on Anti-Humidity Strategies of Chemiresistive Gas Sensors.
85  Chest Gravity Score
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
HIC (1 time)
MVC (1 time)
NCAP (1 time)
2004 The new car assessment program: does it predict the relative safety of vehicles in actual crashes?
86  childhood growth stunting
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
ELS (1 time)
2020 The Impact of Childhood Growth Stunting and Post-Migration Dysbiosis on the Development of Metabolic Syndrome Among Indigenous Immigrant Mexican Women.
87  Chinese Geriatrics Society
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
CRDs (1 time)
CRHA (1 time)
QoL (1 time)
2022 [Expert consensus on the application of inhalation therapy in pulmonary rehabilitation in China].
88  chitosan-gelatin scaffolds
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ECM (1 time)
IGF-I (1 time)
IL-1beta (1 time)
2008 Resveratrol protects bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell derived chondrocytes cultured on chitosan-gelatin scaffolds from the inhibitory effect of interleukin-1beta.
89  cholecystogastrostomy
(1 time)
CBD (1 time)
EB-RFA (1 time)
EUS-BD (1 time)
2020 Novel swine biliary dilatation model with temperature-controlled endobiliary radiofrequency ablation: An effective tool for training in EUS-guided biliary drainage.
90  chromatin globule surface
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
NE (1 time)
2017 On the origin of shape fluctuations of the cell nucleus.
91  Chronic gastrointestinal symptoms
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CVD (1 time)
GIQLI (1 time)
IBS (1 time)
2021 The Relieving Effects of a Polyherb-Based Dietary Supplement ColonVita on Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index (GIQLI) in Older Adults with Chronic Gastrointestinal Symptoms Are Influenced by Age and Cardiovascular Disease: A 12-Week Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial.
92  chronic gestational stress
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2021 Maternal treatment with P7C3-A20 protects from impaired maternal care after chronic gestational stress.
93  chronic psychosocial stress paradigm during pregnancy
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
HPA (1 time)
PPD (1 time)
PVN (1 time)
2020 Chronic psychosocial stress during pregnancy affects maternal behavior and neuroendocrine function and modulates hypothalamic CRH and nuclear steroid receptor expression.
94  Cichorium glandulosum seed
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2016 The protective effects of Cichorium glandulosum seed and cynarin against cyclophosphamide and its metabolite acrolein-induced hepatotoxicity in vivo and in vitro.
95  ciliary ganglion section
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CL (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
IR (1 time)
2000 Modulation of constant light effects on the eye by ciliary ganglionectomy and optic nerve section.
96  circular genome scaffolds
(1 time)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CRISPR (1 time)
2015 Analysis of virus genomes from glacial environments reveals novel virus groups with unusual host interactions.
97  circular groove surface
(1 time)
ECS (1 time)
ETS (1 time)
MCHS (1 time)
2022 A Numerical Investigation on Hydrothermal Performance of Micro Channel Heat Sink with Periodic Spatial Modification on Sidewalls.
98  Citrus greasy spot
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
OTUs (1 time)
ST (1 time)
2016 Analysis of the Fungal Diversity in Citrus Leaves with Greasy Spot Disease Symptoms.
99  Clavien grading system
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
GSS (1 time)
PNL (1 time)
2015 A standardized scoring system in the prediction of success and complications of percutaneous nephrolithotomy: Guy's stone scoring system.
100  cleavage system
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CSF (1 time)
2006 Treatment from birth of nonketotic hyperglycinemia due to a novel GLDC mutation.