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Abbreviation: CH
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Long forms: 1072

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
congenital hypothyroidism
(1018 times)
Endocrinology
(463 times)
TSH (158 times)
TPO (44 times)
TD (38 times)
1979 Congenital hypothyroidism control programs. A cost-benefit analysis.
chitosan
(633 times)
Biochemistry
(121 times)
SEM (44 times)
HA (41 times)
FTIR (33 times)
1989 Interaction of bile acids, phospholipids, cholesterol and triglyceride with dietary fibers in the small intestine of rats.
cholesterol
(553 times)
Biochemistry
(124 times)
TG (122 times)
HDL (52 times)
LDL (48 times)
1974 Effect of glycerophosphate on lithogenic bile. A new approach to treatment of cholelithiasis.
cluster headache
(545 times)
Neurology
(437 times)
CCH (27 times)
SPG (26 times)
PH (20 times)
1980 Neuroendocrine effects of quipazine in man in health state or with neurological disorders.
corneal hysteresis
(504 times)
Ophthalmology
(377 times)
CRF (402 times)
ORA (239 times)
IOP (237 times)
2006 Changes in corneal biomechanics and intraocular pressure following LASIK using static, dynamic, and noncontact tonometry.
chronic hepatitis
(447 times)
Gastroenterology
(166 times)
LC (209 times)
HCC (199 times)
HBV (67 times)
1975 [Hepatitis beta-antigen titer and subtypes of acute and chronic hepatitis].
calcium hydroxide
(278 times)
Dentistry
(173 times)
MTA (77 times)
TAP (22 times)
CHX (21 times)
1989 Pulp capping: conserving the dental pulp--can it be done? Is it worth it?
chronic hypoxia
(220 times)
Physiology
(105 times)
PH (25 times)
PASMCs (24 times)
NO (22 times)
1990 Brain glucose utilization and transport and cortical function in chronic vs. acute hypoglycemia.
chloral hydrate
(200 times)
Environmental Health
(63 times)
TCA (38 times)
TCE (32 times)
DBPs (31 times)
1981 Effect of methane inhibitors on the metabolism of rumen microbes in vitro.
10  calponin homology
(119 times)
Biochemistry
(33 times)
ABD (7 times)
GEFs (4 times)
CC (3 times)
1997 Evidence for a conformational change in actin induced by fimbrin (N375) binding.
11  cerebral hemorrhage
(109 times)
Medicine
(23 times)
CI (42 times)
SAH (18 times)
TIA (7 times)
1982 Leukocyte counts and cerebrovascular disease.
12  cardiac hypertrophy
(108 times)
Cell Biology
(20 times)
HF (15 times)
ISO (13 times)
Ang II (8 times)
1975 Rat myocardial mechanics during pressure-induced hypertrophy development and reversal.
13  contact hypersensitivity
(94 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(44 times)
DNFB (20 times)
UVB (20 times)
LC (17 times)
1985 Correlation between keratinocyte expression of Ia and the intensity and duration of contact hypersensitivity responses in mice.
14  clonal hematopoiesis
(85 times)
Hematology
(33 times)
AML (9 times)
NGS (9 times)
CHIP (7 times)
2016 Clonal hematopoiesis in acquired aplastic anemia.
15  cycloheximide
(81 times)
Cell Biology
(13 times)
ActD (4 times)
FCS (4 times)
IE (4 times)
1973 [Flower initiation by cycloheximide in the long-day plant Hyoscyamus niger during short-days].
16  chronic hypertension
(67 times)
Obstetrics
(17 times)
PE (36 times)
GH (21 times)
BP (11 times)
1980 Electronic monitoring evidence of fetal distress in high-risk pregnancies.
17  compensatory hyperhidrosis
(53 times)
General Surgery
(32 times)
PH (18 times)
ETS (11 times)
QoL (5 times)
2001 The effect of upper dorsal thoracoscopic sympathectomy on the total amount of body perspiration.
18  carbohydrate
(51 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
GH (3 times)
IGT (3 times)
TS (3 times)
1977 [Carbohydrate absorption and malabsorption (author's transl)].
19  chlorhexidine
(49 times)
Dentistry
(24 times)
BC (5 times)
PBS (4 times)
PD (3 times)
1978 The oral clearance of chlorhexidine solutions and gels.
20  conventional heating
(45 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
MW (21 times)
MWH (7 times)
COD (5 times)
1986 Neutralization of a low molecular weight heparin (LHN-1) and conventional heparin by protamine sulfate in rats.
21  concentric hypertrophy
(43 times)
Cardiology
(27 times)
EH (34 times)
CR (32 times)
LV (24 times)
1984 [Coronary circulation in asymmetrical hypertrophy of the interventricular septum. On a new pathogenic hypothesis].
22  casein hydrolysate
(39 times)
Botany
(10 times)
MS (5 times)
IBA (4 times)
IPP (4 times)
1969 Gelatin-induced reversion of protoplasts of Bacillus subtilis to the bacillary form: biosynthesis of macromolecules and wall during successive steps.
23  controlled hypertension
(39 times)
Vascular Diseases
(14 times)
BP (11 times)
MAP (6 times)
MUCH (6 times)
1978 Nitroprusside, its metabolites and red cell function.
24  community hospital
(38 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
UH (8 times)
CI (4 times)
OR (3 times)
1981 The use of intensive care: a comparison of a university and community hospital.
25  condylar hyperplasia
(38 times)
Dentistry
(17 times)
SPECT (8 times)
TMJ (4 times)
BS (2 times)
2007 Distribution of insulin-like growth factors in condylar hyperplasia.
26  congenital hydrocephalus
(37 times)
Pediatrics
(9 times)
CSF (5 times)
WES (3 times)
MPDZ (2 times)
1970 The developmental effects of congenital hydrocephalus (ch) in the mouse.
27  cluster head
(36 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(30 times)
WSNs (16 times)
WSN (5 times)
BS (3 times)
2010 A multipath routing protocol based on clustering and ant colony optimization for wireless sensor networks.
28  collagen hydrolysate
(34 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
OA (4 times)
EAB (2 times)
GA (2 times)
2003 Stimulation of type II collagen biosynthesis and secretion in bovine chondrocytes cultured with degraded collagen.
29  constitutive heterochromatin
(33 times)
Genetics
(10 times)
FISH (10 times)
NORs (9 times)
NOR (3 times)
1985 [Variation in the number of C-heterochromatin blocks in the interphase nuclei of the cells of a transplantable murine rhabdomyosarcoma].
30  cystic hygroma
(33 times)
Obstetrics
(14 times)
NT (6 times)
NF (2 times)
ACH (1 time)
1988 Spontaneous resolution of a cystic hygroma in a fetus with Turner syndrome.
31  chronically hypoxic
(30 times)
Physiology
(15 times)
NO (5 times)
L-NAME (3 times)
Nx (3 times)
1981 Decreased pulmonary pressor response to acute hypoxia in chronically hypoxic rats.
32  cavernous hemangioma
(29 times)
Neurosurgery
(7 times)
MRI (4 times)
GKRS (2 times)
ACD (1 time)
1990 Cavernous hemangioma of the liver: assessment of MR tissue specificity with a simplified T2 index.
33  cyclohexane
(29 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
ACN (3 times)
CF (3 times)
BP (2 times)
1989 Fetal effects of inhalation exposure to cyclohexanone vapor in pregnant rats.
34  cerebral hemispheres
(28 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
CB (5 times)
BS (4 times)
CE (4 times)
1985 Changes in the levels of neural cell specific proteins in the developing rat brain.
35  Charolais
(27 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(12 times)
LM (6 times)
AN (5 times)
RFI (5 times)
1990 Body composition and tissue distribution from birth to 14 months for three biological types of beef heifers.
36  chemotherapy
(27 times)
Neoplasms
(17 times)
OS (5 times)
RT (5 times)
ChRT (2 times)
1984 Secondary immunodeficiency in advanced lung cancer: effects of chemotherapy plus thymostimulin in immunodepressed patients: updating results.
37  Chrysin
(27 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
CAT (3 times)
CYP (3 times)
I/R (3 times)
2011 Protective effects of quercetin and chrysin against 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) induced oxidative stress, body wasting and altered cytokine productions in rats.
38  cyclic hematopoiesis
(26 times)
Hematology
(13 times)
CN (2 times)
PAF (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1975 Canine cyclic haematopoiesis: marrow transplantation between littermates.
39  chasmogamous
(25 times)
Biology
(8 times)
CL (24 times)
TF (2 times)
AMF (1 time)
1985 RELATIVE PERFORMANCE OF SELFED AND OUTCROSSED PROGENY IN IMPATIENS CAPENSIS.
40  chow
(25 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
HF (7 times)
HP (3 times)
CS (2 times)
1984 Effects of chronic exposure to alcohol on the developing brain.
41  continuous hypoxia
(25 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
IH (17 times)
CIH (4 times)
IL-6 (3 times)
1993 Hypoxanthine, xanthine, and uric acid concentrations in plasma, cerebrospinal fluid, vitreous humor, and urine in piglets subjected to intermittent versus continuous hypoxemia.
42  congenital hypopituitarism
(24 times)
Endocrinology
(16 times)
HO (3 times)
SO (3 times)
CNVs (2 times)
1994 Familial congenital hypopituitarism with central diabetes insipidus.
43  Chinese hamster
(23 times)
Genetics
(6 times)
AK (2 times)
CHO (2 times)
IAP (2 times)
1981 Requirement of the human chromosome 11 long arm for replication of herpes simplex virus type 1 in nonpermissive Chinese hamster x human diploid fibroblast hybrids.
44  chain constant region
(22 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(10 times)
CSR (4 times)
AID (2 times)
IgH (2 times)
1980 Deletions in the constant region locus can account for switches in immunoglobulin heavy chain expression.
45  cognitively healthy
(22 times)
Geriatrics
(6 times)
AD (15 times)
CSF (8 times)
MCI (7 times)
2006 Conversion from cognitive health to mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease: prediction by plasma amyloid beta 42, medial temporal lobe atrophy and homocysteine.
46  communicating hydrocephalus
(19 times)
Neurosurgery
(7 times)
CSF (9 times)
MRI (2 times)
NCH (2 times)
1988 Incidence, CT findings and rehabilitation outcome of patients with communicative hydrocephalus following severe head injury.
47  Chediak-Higashi
(18 times)
Hematology
(6 times)
NK (5 times)
GFP (2 times)
ADCC (1 time)
1976 Transmissible mink encephalopathy. Reduced spongiform degeneration in aged mink of the Chediak-Higashi genotype.
48  children's hospital
(18 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
NCH (4 times)
CI (3 times)
CT (3 times)
1989 Adolescent suicide attempters presenting to a pediatric facility.
49  chronic headache
(18 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
MOH (4 times)
CLBP (2 times)
CM (2 times)
2004 The effect of acupuncture on proinflammatory cytokine production in patients with chronic headache: a preliminary report.
50  cumene hydroperoxide
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
MDA (2 times)
MEA (2 times)
TBH (2 times)
1987 Electrophysiological derangements induced by lipid peroxidation in cardiac tissue.
51  chondrocyte
(17 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
OA (6 times)
IL-1beta (2 times)
JFLS (2 times)
1982 Secretory features of chondrocytes related to morphogenesis of the elastic elements in the auricular cartilage.
52  Cultural Heritage
(17 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(5 times)
AR (1 time)
AV (1 time)
CEBi-LSTM (1 time)
2010 Synchrotron-based X-ray absorption spectroscopy for art conservation: looking back and looking forward.
53  central hepatectomy
(16 times)
General Surgery
(11 times)
EH (4 times)
HCC (3 times)
MH (3 times)
2004 [Central hepatectomy].
54  cervicogenic headache
(16 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
GON (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
CDH (1 time)
1990 Diagnostics of cervicogenic headache.
55  chronic viral hepatitis
(16 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
HCC (2 times)
NAFLD (2 times)
PBC (2 times)
1996 Frequent expression of MUC1 apomucin on biliary epithelial cells of damaged small bile ducts in primary biliary cirrhosis and chronic viral hepatitis: an immunohistochemical study.
56  conventional hydrogel
(16 times)
Optometry
(6 times)
SH (13 times)
ATS (5 times)
CLs (4 times)
2007 The impact of lipid on contact angle wettability.
57  chlorhexidine gluconate
(15 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
PI (2 times)
sp (2 times)
ADG (1 time)
1986 Effects of subgingival chlorhexidine irrigation in chronic moderate periodontitis.
58  chondroitin
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
HA (5 times)
CS (4 times)
DS (4 times)
1976 The glycosaminoglycans of the human artery and their changes in atherosclerosis.
59  crown height
(15 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
BL (3 times)
RL (3 times)
CT (2 times)
1990 Quantitative contribution of factors regulating rat colonic crypt epithelium: role of parenteral and enteral feeding, caloric intake, dietary cellulose level and the colon carcinogen DMH.
60  Chinese
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
AA (4 times)
EA (3 times)
IND (3 times)
1998 Classifying ethnicity utilizing the Canadian Mortality Data Base.
61  clinical history
(14 times)
Primary Health Care
(9 times)
SPT (2 times)
ACASI (1 time)
AS (1 time)
1986 Clinical history, skin prick test and RAST in the diagnosis of birch and timothy pollinosis.
62  corpora hemorrhagica
(14 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(11 times)
CL (9 times)
CA (4 times)
BAEC (2 times)
1982 Gonadotropin regimen for inducing ovarian activity in captive wild felids.
63  calcium hydroxide paste
(13 times)
Dentistry
(10 times)
CHX (4 times)
TAP (4 times)
DAP (3 times)
2008 In vitro comparison of the effectiveness of chlorhexidine and two calcium hydroxide formulations on enterococcus faecalis.
64  central hemodynamics
(13 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
AS (2 times)
BP (2 times)
MC (2 times)
1986 [Non-invasive method of measuring central hemodynamics in cerebral infarct patients].
65  coffee husks
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
PS (2 times)
SA (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2007 Untreated coffee husks as biosorbents for the removal of heavy metals from aqueous solutions.
66  connected health
(13 times)
Medical Informatics
(6 times)
IRRID (2 times)
PWD (2 times)
ADL (1 time)
2013 The future of Connected Health in preventive medicine.
67  conventional hemostasis
(13 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
HS (7 times)
ABB (1 time)
BF (1 time)
1986 Biofiltration in elderly uremic patients.
68  cerebral hypoperfusion
(12 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
ICH (4 times)
TBI (4 times)
CEA (3 times)
2001 Ictal hyperperfusion of cerebellum and basal ganglia in temporal lobe epilepsy: SPECT subtraction with MRI coregistration.
69  cesarean hysterectomy
(12 times)
Obstetrics
(6 times)
PA (2 times)
PP (2 times)
BPI (1 time)
1983 Sterilization at the time of cesarean section: tubal ligation or hysterectomy?
70  chain constant
(12 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
alpha beta-IRE (1 time)
Dns (1 time)
FabA (1 time)
1975 Studies on IgA and IgA monoclonal proteins derived from a single patient. Evidence for identical light chains and variable regions of the heavy chain.
71  compensatory hypertrophy
(12 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
HF (2 times)
SR (2 times)
AP (1 time)
1976 Quantitative analysis of muscle cell changes in compensatory hypertrophy and work-induced hypertrophy.
72  complex hyperplasia
(12 times)
Gynecology
(5 times)
SH (10 times)
CAH (6 times)
EH (6 times)
1985 The behavior of endometrial hyperplasia. A long-term study of "untreated" hyperplasia in 170 patients.
73  congenital hemangioma
(12 times)
Pediatrics
(6 times)
IH (4 times)
KHE (2 times)
NICH (2 times)
2005 Imaging characteristics of two subtypes of congenital hemangiomas: rapidly involuting congenital hemangiomas and non-involuting congenital hemangiomas.
74  Caribbean Hispanic
(11 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AA (4 times)
AD (4 times)
LOAD (3 times)
2003 Presentation and 5-year follow-up of type 2 diabetes mellitus in African-American and Caribbean-Hispanic adolescents.
75  children
(11 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AD (4 times)
RP (2 times)
WCHA (2 times)
1986 A study of seasonal trace element intakes and hair trace element concentrations in selected households from the Wosera, Papua New Guinea.
76  cirrhosis
(11 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
HV (3 times)
AUC (2 times)
AFP (1 time)
1989 [Ascites and pleural effusion. Study and follow-up of 79 patients].
77  congestive hepatopathy
(11 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
ACLI (2 times)
HF (2 times)
ADHF (1 time)
2007 Hepatic venous outflow obstruction: three similar syndromes.
78  continuous hemofiltration
(11 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CRRT (3 times)
ARF (2 times)
CD (2 times)
1987 5-Fluorocytosine kinetics in patients with acute renal failure undergoing continuous hemofiltration.
79  conventional hospitalization
(11 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
HH (5 times)
ACL (2 times)
DH (2 times)
1997 [Hospital at home and conventional hospitalization. An economic evaluation].
80  congenital primary hypothyroidism
(10 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
AHO (1 time)
MO (1 time)
MZ (1 time)
2003 A new heterozygous mutation (L338N) in the human Gsalpha (GNAS1) gene as a cause for congenital hypothyroidism in Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy.
81  conventional hemorrhoidectomy
(10 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
SH (5 times)
CI (3 times)
OR (3 times)
2006 Stapled versus conventional surgery for hemorrhoids.
82  Cahn-Hilliard
(9 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
A-C (1 time)
ABP (1 time)
BD (1 time)
2003 Simulating the morphology and mechanical properties of filled diblock copolymers.
83  cepharanthine hydrochloride
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
MDR (3 times)
P-gp (2 times)
Rho123 (2 times)
2005 [Reversal of multidrug resistance in drug-resistant cell line EAC/ADR by cepharanthine hydrochloride and its mechanism].
84  chitin
(9 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
CS (2 times)
FT-IR (2 times)
TGA (2 times)
2007 Immobilization of xylanase from Bacillus pumilus strain MK001 and its application in production of xylo-oligosaccharides.
85  chitosan hydrochloride
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
CBZ (1 time)
CG (1 time)
CMC (1 time)
2001 The study of drug release from microspheres adhered on pig vesical mucosa.
86  chloroform
(9 times)
Biomedical Research
(2 times)
EA (6 times)
PE (3 times)
ETH (2 times)
2011 Antinociceptive activity of chronic administration of different extracts of Terminalia bellerica Roxb. and Terminalia chebula Retz. fruits.
87  chronic
(9 times)
Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced
(2 times)
EAE (2 times)
RR (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1981 Cell-mediated immunity to HBcAg and HBsAg in patients with chronic hepatitis.
88  cerebellar hypoplasia
(8 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
AC (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CFR (1 time)
1998 Cerebellar involvement in metabolic disorders: a pattern-recognition approach.
89  chrysotile
(8 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
CR (3 times)
CSS (1 time)
CTLs (1 time)
1987 The interactions between asbestos fibers and metaphase chromosomes of rat pleural mesothelial cells in culture. A scanning and transmission electron microscopic study.
90  combined hyperlipidemia
(8 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
HTG (4 times)
TG (2 times)
AOPP (1 time)
1995 Polymorphism and peripheral levels of apolipoprotein(a) in polygenic hypercholesterolemia and combined hyperlipidemia.
91  compound heterozygous
(8 times)
Genetic Phenomena
(2 times)
CDH (1 time)
CompoundHetVIP (1 time)
gTDT (1 time)
2011 Detecting low frequent loss-of-function alleles in genome wide association studies with red hair color as example.
92  Conductive hydrogel
(8 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
CP (2 times)
Pt (2 times)
PtIr (2 times)
2013 Conductive hydrogels with tailored bioactivity for implantable electrode coatings.
93  calcium hydroxide cement
(7 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
SB (2 times)
COB (1 time)
CPB (1 time)
2006 Biocompatibility of resin-based dental materials applied as liners in deep cavities prepared in human teeth.
94  catechin hydrate
(7 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
TUNEL (2 times)
AD (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2010 Catechin hydrate suppresses MCF-7 proliferation through TP53/Caspase-mediated apoptosis.
95  central hospitals
(7 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
DH (2 times)
CE (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1995 Acute leg ischaemia--a case for the junior surgeon?
96  challenge
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
ISI (3 times)
NC (2 times)
NCH (2 times)
1991 Honeybee venom allergy: results of a sting challenge 1 year after stopping successful venom immunotherapy in 86 patients.
97  chitosan hydrogel
(7 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
AMI (1 time)
ANN (1 time)
AR (1 time)
2008 Chitosan hydrogel containing GMCSF and a cancer drug exerts synergistic anti-tumor effects via the induction of CD8+ T cell-mediated anti-tumor immunity.
98  chloride
(7 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
ch (5 times)
PKC (4 times)
Ac (1 time)
2000 Involvement of spinal protein kinase C in induction and maintenance of both persistent spontaneous flinching reflex and contralateral heat hyperalgesia induced by subcutaneous bee venom in the conscious rat.
99  choroidal hemangioma
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
GKRS (1 time)
GKS (1 time)
OCT (1 time)
1997 Long-term results after low dose ocular irradiation for choroidal haemangiomas.
100  chronic hemodialysis
(7 times)
Nephrology
(4 times)
16-DS (1 time)
BW (1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
1980 Control of plasma aldosterone during chronic hemodialysis.