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Abbreviation: CK
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
creatine kinase
(7348 times)
Cardiology
(911 times)
LDH (1303 times)
AST (641 times)
MDA (338 times)
1965 [ON THE LOCALIZATION OF CREATINE KINASE (CK) IN HUMAN SKELETAL MUSCLE].
cytokeratin
(2092 times)
Pathology
(751 times)
EMA (114 times)
CEA (89 times)
IHC (80 times)
1985 Histogenesis of glomerular crescents. Immunohistochemical demonstration of cytokeratin in crescent cells.
cytokinin
(239 times)
Botany
(124 times)
ABA (47 times)
WT (18 times)
SA (16 times)
1998 cis-isomers of cytokinins predominate in chickpea seeds throughout their development
creatine phosphokinase
(228 times)
Cardiology
(29 times)
LDH (57 times)
MDA (24 times)
AST (23 times)
1977 Factors modifying ischemic injury in the isolated rat heart.
compound K
(166 times)
Pharmacology
(39 times)
PPD (20 times)
AMPK (7 times)
PPT (7 times)
1991 Studies on absorption, distribution, excretion and metabolism of ginseng saponins. VII. Comparison of the decomposition modes of ginsenoside-Rb1 and -Rb2 in the digestive tract of rats.
CyberKnife
(127 times)
Neoplasms
(55 times)
SRS (24 times)
SBRT (20 times)
CI (18 times)
2003 Dosimetric comparison of CyberKnife with other radiosurgical modalities for an ellipsoidal target.
creatine kinase activity
(87 times)
Sports Medicine
(20 times)
Mb (8 times)
ROM (8 times)
DOMS (7 times)
1980 The effects of propranolol on myocardial perfusion and metabolism during acute regional ischaemia.
casein kinase
(75 times)
Biochemistry
(25 times)
PKA (5 times)
CREB (4 times)
cTnT (4 times)
1990 The region of the HPV E7 oncoprotein homologous to adenovirus E1a and Sv40 large T antigen contains separate domains for Rb binding and casein kinase II phosphorylation.
complex karyotype
(71 times)
Hematology
(37 times)
OS (26 times)
AML (24 times)
MK (23 times)
2004 Cytogenetic profile of myelodysplastic syndromes with complex karyotypes: an analysis using spectral karyotyping.
10  anti-cytokeratin
(69 times)
Neoplasms
(18 times)
EMA (7 times)
CTCs (5 times)
IHC (5 times)
1986 Non-glial specificities of immunocytochemistry for the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Triple expression of GFAP, vimentin and cytokeratins in papillary meningioma and metastasizing renal carcinoma.
11  Clinical Knowledge
(65 times)
Education
(27 times)
USMLE (39 times)
CI (6 times)
NBME (6 times)
2004 Assessing the validity of the USMLE step 2 clinical knowledge examination through an evaluation of its clinical relevance.
12  conductive keratoplasty
(49 times)
Ophthalmology
(40 times)
LASIK (11 times)
MRSE (11 times)
PRK (8 times)
2002 Conductive keratoplasty for the correction of hyperopia.
13  choline kinase
(43 times)
Biochemistry
(22 times)
PC (14 times)
CT (7 times)
CCT (5 times)
1977 Phosphatidylcholine-lysophosphatidylcholine cycle pathway enzymes in rabbit lung. I. Subcellular localization and properties.
14  check
(37 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
DEGs (3 times)
BC (2 times)
DEPs (2 times)
2008 [Bioavailability of As, Cu and Zn in two soils as affected by application of chicken manure and pig manure].
15  chicken kidney
(36 times)
Virology
(11 times)
IBV (9 times)
CEF (3 times)
CE (2 times)
1970 Studies of laryngotracheitis virus in avian tissue cultures. 3. Enhancement of infectivity by diethylaminoethyl-dextran.
16  cytokine
(35 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
IL (4 times)
CT (2 times)
HCV (2 times)
1986 Cytokines and fibrosis.
17  carbamate kinase
(24 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
CP (8 times)
OTC (8 times)
ADI (7 times)
1989 Cloning and expression in Escherichia coli of the genes of the arginine deiminase system of Streptococcus sanguis NCTC 10904.
18  chemokine
(24 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
DC (3 times)
TME (3 times)
CKR (2 times)
1993 The human erythrocyte inflammatory peptide (chemokine) receptor. Biochemical characterization, solubilization, and development of a binding assay for the soluble receptor.
19  color kinesis
(21 times)
Cardiology
(15 times)
LV (11 times)
CK-DI (3 times)
AMI (2 times)
1997 Evaluation of color kinesis, a new echocardiographic method for analyzing regional wall motion in patients with dilated left ventricles.
20  cathepsin K
(20 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
TRAP (9 times)
MMP (5 times)
MMP-9 (5 times)
2000 Novel mutations of the cathepsin K gene in patients with pycnodysostosis and their characterization.
21  cervical kyphosis
(17 times)
Orthopedics
(9 times)
AIS (6 times)
CPSM (4 times)
CL (3 times)
2014 Prevalence and type of cervical deformity among 470 adults with thoracolumbar deformity.
22  creatine kinase levels
(16 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
AMI (2 times)
GISSI (2 times)
SK (2 times)
1985 Successful carnitine treatment in two siblings having lipid storage myopathy with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
23  creatine kinase specific activity
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
JKF (7 times)
RAL (6 times)
CG (4 times)
1996 Stimulation of creatine kinase specific activity in human osteoblast and endometrial cells by estrogens and anti-estrogens and its modulation by calciotropic hormones.
24  creatine kinase concentration
(11 times)
Sports Medicine
(6 times)
CMJ (2 times)
DOMS (2 times)
MVC (2 times)
1992 Extracellular-superoxide dismutase type C (EC-SOD C) reduces myocardial damage in rats subjected to coronary occlusion and 24 hours of reperfusion.
25  clinical ketosis
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
SCK (6 times)
BHB (3 times)
BHBA (3 times)
2010 Evaluation of nonesterified fatty acids and beta-hydroxybutyrate in transition dairy cattle in the northeastern United States: Critical thresholds for prediction of clinical diseases.
26  cultured keratinocyte
(9 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
FT (4 times)
Auto (1 time)
Auto CK (1 time)
1988 Antibody response to xenogeneic proteins in burned patients receiving cultured keratinocyte grafts.
27  cyanoketone
(9 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
17 alpha, 20 beta-DP (1 time)
3beta-HSD (1 time)
ALDO (1 time)
1983 Drug-induced adrenal hypertrophy provides evidence for reset in the adrenocortical system.
28  Cohen's kappa
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
ACS (1 time)
BNI score (1 time)
EC (1 time)
1992 Preselection of finishing pigs on the farm as an aid for meat inspection.
29  Candida krusei
(7 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CA (6 times)
CT (5 times)
Cg (3 times)
1998 Oral microbiota and implant type membranes.
30  co-kriging
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
OK (3 times)
RK (2 times)
BC (1 time)
2010 [Comparison of spatial interpolation methods for daily meteorological elements].
31  creatinine kinetics
(7 times)
Nephrology
(6 times)
LBM (3 times)
DXA (2 times)
HGS (2 times)
1996 Total body protein status assessed by different estimates of fat-free mass in adult peritoneal dialysis patients.
32  calf kidney
(6 times)
Virology
(3 times)
BEK (1 time)
CTY (1 time)
DMEM (1 time)
1977 Interactions between calf alveolar macrophages and parainfluenza-3 virus.
33  CK flux
(6 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
ATP (4 times)
PCr (4 times)
HF (3 times)
2012 Allopurinol acutely increases adenosine triphospate energy delivery in failing human hearts.
34  contralateral kidney
(6 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
GFR (2 times)
MCDK (2 times)
VUR (2 times)
1976 Renal hydrogen ion secretion after release of unilateral ureteral obstruction.
35  cystathionine ketimine
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
LK (3 times)
PHTZDC (2 times)
NAc-cysta (1 time)
1988 Detection of cystathionine and lanthionine ketimines in human urine.
36  creatine kinase enzyme
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AST (1 time)
CPB (1 time)
FABP3 (1 time)
1984 Evaluation of a new radioimmunological assay for the determination of the B subunit of creatine kinase enzyme.
37  Changkil
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
DNCB (1 time)
2001 Aqueous extract isolated from Platycodon grandiflorum elicits the release of nitric oxide and tumor necrosis factor-alpha from murine macrophages.
38  citrated kaolin
(4 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
TEG (3 times)
MA (2 times)
ACT (1 time)
2014 Thrombelastography and rotational thromboelastometry early amplitudes in 182 trauma patients with clinical suspicion of severe injury.
39  clipped kidneys
(4 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
NCK (3 times)
ACE (2 times)
CD (2 times)
2005 Quantitative estimation of renal blood flow by power Doppler ultrasonography in renovascular hypertensive dogs.
40  congenital kyphosis
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
SK (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
CKS (1 time)
2013 The results of closing wedge osteotomy with posterior instrumented fusion for the surgical treatment of congenital kyphosis.
41  conventional karyotyping
(4 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
PND (2 times)
SL (2 times)
APL (1 time)
2001 Fluorescence in situ hybridization: a highly efficient technique of molecular diagnosis and predication for disease course in patients with myeloid leukemias.
42  correlated kurtosis
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
AE (1 time)
CUSR (1 time)
EWT (1 time)
2016 Weak Fault Feature Extraction of Rolling Bearings Based on an Improved Kurtogram.
43  cadaveric kidney
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
BMD (2 times)
BAP (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
1987 Hypertension following renal transplantation in children.
44  Callicarpa kwangtungensis Chun
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
ACT (1 time)
ALI (1 time)
BF (1 time)
2014 Isolation, identification and activities of natural antioxidants from Callicarpa kwangtungensis Chun.
45  central keratometry
(3 times)
Eye Diseases
(2 times)
ACD (1 time)
AST (1 time)
CCT (1 time)
2010 Corneal topographic changes in healthy siblings of patients with keratoconus.
46  chaetoglobosin K
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
--- 1999 Treatment of Ras-induced cancers by the F-actin cappers tensin and chaetoglobosin K, in combination with the caspase-1 inhibitor N1445.
47  check group
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
--- 2013 Risk assessment of mouse gastric tissue cancer induced by dichlorvos and dimethoate.
48  cocktails
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
BR (1 time)
GFAP (1 time)
hMSC (1 time)
2005 Keratin expression in schwannoma; a study of 115 retroperitoneal and 22 peripheral schwannomas.
49  coefficient of kurtosis
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
CS (3 times)
SBI (3 times)
CV (2 times)
1987 In vitro study of continuous wave Doppler spectral changes resulting from stenoses and bulbs.
50  control blank
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ASP (1 time)
DOC (1 time)
ERK (1 time)
2011 [Effect of Tongfeng trace elements nutrient balance agent on growth, physiological characteristics and content of active constituents of Glycyrrhiza uralensis].
51  creatine kinase reaction
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
31P MRS (1 time)
5-HT (1 time)
MT (1 time)
1989 The use of the creatine kinase reaction to determine free energy change of ATP hydrolysis in anoxic cardiomyocytes.
52  CyberKnife system
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
BHF (1 time)
CI (1 time)
HA (1 time)
2018 A treatment planning comparison between a novel rotating gamma system and robotic linear accelerator based intracranial stereotactic radiosurgery/radiotherapy.
53  cystine-knot
(3 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
vWF (3 times)
TFPD (1 time)
TGF-beta (1 time)
2006 Differential effects of the loss of intrachain- versus interchain-disulfide bonds in the cystine-knot domain of von Willebrand factor on the clinical phenotype of von Willebrand disease.
54  cytidine kinase
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
5'-CMP (1 time)
CDP (1 time)
CMP (1 time)
2006 [Clinicopathologic features of cardiac myxoma--a report of 47 cases].
55  cytokeratin-positive
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
BM (1 time)
CTCs (1 time)
DTC (1 time)
2000 Epithelial cells in bone marrow of oesophageal cancer patients: a significant prognostic factor in multivariate analysis.
56  anti-pan-cytokeratin
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
CTCs (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
EMT (1 time)
2007 Fine needle aspiration cytology as an additional tool in the diagnosis of odontogenic keratocyst.
57  C. kousa
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
CA (2 times)
CF (2 times)
CM (2 times)
2015 Antiproliferative Activities of Water Infusions from Leaves of Five Cornus L. Species.
58  C. krusei
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CA (2 times)
ATCC (1 time)
CFU (1 time)
2007 Characteristics of dual species Candida biofilms on denture acrylic surfaces.
59  Caldirola-Kanai
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
--- 2014 The effects of nonextensivity on quantum dissipation.
60  California Kid
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
LC (1 time)
SC (1 time)
1992 Application of dot immunobinding on membrane filtration (MF dot) to the study of relationships within "M. mycoides cluster" and within "glucose and arginine-negative cluster" of ruminant mycoplasmas.
61  Caragana korshinskii Kom
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
LHR (2 times)
RP (2 times)
AB (1 time)
2014 Stratification of carbon fractions and carbon management index in deep soil affected by the Grain-to-Green Program in China.
62  Caspar and Klug
(2 times)
Crystallography
(1 time)
RT (1 time)
SUs (1 time)
2016 Hidden symmetry of small spherical viruses and organization principles in "anomalous" and double-shelled capsid nanoassemblies.
63  cell kinetics
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
BCR (1 time)
MI (1 time)
PC (1 time)
1989 Analysis of sister-chromatid exchanges, cell kinetics and mitotic index in lymphocytes of smoking pesticide sprayers.
64  cells were positive for pancytokeratins
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
CBD (1 time)
EMA (1 time)
IOPN (1 time)
2012 Malignant intraductal oncocytic papillary neoplasm of the common bile duct.
65  cervix keratinocytes
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
HPV (1 time)
IFN-gamma (1 time)
ORFs (1 time)
1993 Immortalization of human cervical keratinocytes by human papillomavirus type 33.
66  chemical kinetic
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
SAILs (1 time)
2017 A novel combined chemical kinetic and trapping method for probing the relationships between chemical reactivity and interfacial H2O, Br- and H+ ion molarities in CTAB/C12E6 mixed micelles.
67  chicken
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
c-ets-2 (1 time)
DH (1 time)
GS (1 time)
1988 Identification in chickens of an evolutionarily conserved cellular ets-2 gene (c-ets-2) encoding nuclear proteins related to the products of the c-ets proto-oncogene.
68  chloromethyl ketone
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
SPCK (2 times)
TPCK (2 times)
alpha-1-PI (1 time)
1988 Antiproteinases protect cultured lung endothelial cells from endotoxin injury.
69  citron-K kinase
(2 times)
Teratology
(1 time)
RV (2 times)
CRS (1 time)
2004 Rubella virus P90 associates with the cytokinesis regulatory protein Citron-K kinase and the viral infection and constitutive expression of P90 protein both induce cell cycle arrest following S phase in cell culture.
70  CK-mit
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
Cr (2 times)
CK-B (1 time)
cyCr (1 time)
1997 Differential effects of creatine kinase isoenzymes and substrates on regeneration in livers of transgenic mice.
71  CKmax
(2 times)
rt-PA (2 times)
NSTE-ACS (1 time)
STEMI (1 time)
2020 Creatine kinase is associated with bleeding after myocardial infarction.
72  Coalescence Kick
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AdNDP (1 time)
AFFCK (1 time)
CMO (1 time)
2015 AFFCK: Adaptive Force-Field-Assisted ab Initio Coalescence Kick Method for Global Minimum Search.
73  cold-knife
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
MPC (1 time)
MR (1 time)
RP (1 time)
2013 Transrectal ultrasonography-guided injection of long-acting steroids in the treatment of recurrent/resistant anastomotic stenosis after radical prostatectomy.
74  compared with blank control
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
Cd (1 time)
IAA (1 time)
LCP (1 time)
2014 [Effects of simulating acid rain on photosynthesis and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters of Quercus glauca Quercus glauca].
75  control kidneys
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
BBMV (1 time)
DK (1 time)
GFR (1 time)
1971 Disproportionate inhibition of sodium reabsorption in the unilaterally diseased kidney of dog and man after an acute saline load.
76  correct knowledge
(2 times)
Social Medicine
(1 time)
PK (2 times)
AK (1 time)
ECAC (1 time)
1990 Adaptation of the "European Code Against Cancer" (ECAC) to the cultural needs of low income women in Greece: comparative effectiveness of health education approaches.
77  Coster-Kronig
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
AE (1 time)
MC (1 time)
MIRD (1 time)
2017 Absorbed dose evaluation of Auger electron-emitting radionuclides: impact of input decay spectra on dose point kernels and S-values.
78  creatine kinase serum levels
(2 times)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CMJ (1 time)
DJ (1 time)
MVIC (1 time)
1991 Susceptibility of different strains of mice to South American rattlesnake (Crotalus durissus terrificus) venom: correlation between lethal effect and creatine kinase release.
79  cross-Kerr
(2 times)
Optics and Photonics
(2 times)
OMS (1 time)
SK (1 time)
2018 Enhanced photon-phonon cross-Kerr nonlinearity with two-photon driving.
80  cysteine knot
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
SMIS (1 time)
vWF (1 time)
2015 von Willebrand factor is dimerized by protein disulfide isomerase.
81  cytokeratin polypeptides
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
EMA (1 time)
ES (1 time)
ING (1 time)
1986 Epithelioid sarcoma and isolated necrobiotic granuloma: a comparative immunocytochemical study.
82  enzymes-creatine kinase
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
APPs (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
1983 Serum creatine kinase MM isoenzyme sub-bands after acute myocardial infarction in man.
83  kappa constant gene
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ASOs (1 time)
IGK (1 time)
1991 Km typing with PCR: application to population screening.
84  2018-Charlie Kimball
(1 time)
Exercise
(1 time)
BR (1 time)
HR (1 time)
ST (1 time)
2018 Physical Fitness and Blood Glucose Influence Performance in IndyCar Racing.
85  biomarkers-creatine kinase
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CRP (1 time)
LDH (1 time)
PRS (1 time)
2016 Evaluation of the Effects of BioCell Collagen, a Novel Cartilage Extract, on Connective Tissue Support and Functional Recovery From Exercise.
86  C-keratin
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AAM (1 time)
ER (1 time)
SMA (1 time)
2019 Large Aggressive Angiomyxoma of the Liver: A Case Report and Brief Review of the Literature.
87  c-KIT and cytokeratin
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DFS (1 time)
2008 Breast carcinomas expressing basal markers have poor clinical outcome regardless of estrogen receptor status.
88  c-kit, CD34, thy-1, albumin, cytokeratin
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
HB (1 time)
RT-PCR (1 time)
2007 Evaluation of gene expression related to hepatic cell maturation and differentiation in a chemically induced mouse hepatoblastoma cell line.
89  C. kanehirae
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
CKO (1 time)
CM (1 time)
2004 Anti-inflammatory activity of the extracts from mycelia of Antrodia camphorata cultured with water-soluble fractions from five different Cinnamomum species.
90  C. kwangsiensis
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CW (1 time)
HCA (1 time)
OPLS-DA (1 time)
2021 [Analysis of volatile oil components of different species of Curcumae Rhizoma based on GC-MS and chemometrics].
91  cabbage kimchi
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
DCM fr (1 time)
OK (1 time)
2003 Kimchi and an active component, beta-sitosterol, reduce oncogenic H-Ras(v12)-induced DNA synthesis.
92  cadaveric kidney models
(1 time)
Fr (1 time)
PCNL (1 time)
PK (1 time)
2017 Renal parenchyma injury after percutaneous nephrolithotomy tract dilatations in pig and cadaveric kidney models.
93  calculations resulting to be: logK
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
ADP (1 time)
2005 Quantitative mathematical expressions for accurate in vivo assessment of cytosolic [ADP] and DeltaG of ATP hydrolysis in the human brain and skeletal muscle.
94  calmodulin kinase
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Defective heart development in hypomorphic LSD1 mice.
95  calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
MeCP2 (1 time)
2010 Setdb1-mediated histone H3K9 hypermethylation in neurons worsens the neurological phenotype of Mecp2-deficient mice.
96  Calvin klein
(1 time)
--- 2020 Calvin klein (CK) designer cocktail, new "Speedball" is the "grimm reaper": Brain dopaminergic surge a potential death sentence.
97  Canetti-Krawczyk
(1 time)
AGKA (1 time)
CAGKA (1 time)
2021 Pairing Free Certified Common Asymmetric Group Key Agreement Protocol for Data Sharing Among Users with Different Access Rights.
98  canine kidney
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CPE (1 time)
HAD (1 time)
HK (1 time)
1970 Evaluation of three cell culture systems as substrates for influenza virus assay.
99  Capital Knowledge
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
FK (1 time)
INCP (1 time)
2020 Comparing a visual and verbal semantic memory test on the effects of gender, age and education as assessed in a cognitively healthy sample : A pilot study in the development of the international neuropsychological test profile-a tablet-based cognitive assessment.
100  carbon K
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
DSBs (1 time)
1995 0.3 keV carbon K ultrasoft X-rays are four times more effective than gamma-rays when inducing oncogenic cell transformation at low doses.