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Abbreviation: CL
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Long forms: 1491

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
chemiluminescence
(3464 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(743 times)
ROS (222 times)
PMN (184 times)
PMA (161 times)
1963 A partial kinetic analysis of the chemiluminescence (CL) of phenazine methosulfate (PMS).
corpus luteum
(2502 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1276 times)
hCG (134 times)
LH (133 times)
PG (132 times)
1975 Adequacy of main uterine vein and the ovarian artery in the local venoarterial pathway for uterine-induced luteolysis in ewes.
clearance
(2280 times)
Pharmacology
(1118 times)
PK (364 times)
AUC (309 times)
Vd (309 times)
1976 Pharmacokinetics and plasma binding of diazepam in man, dog, rabbit, guinea pig and rat.
cutaneous leishmaniasis
(1857 times)
Tropical Medicine
(548 times)
VL (207 times)
PCR (93 times)
ML (51 times)
1983 Cutaneous leishmaniasis in an infant.
cardiolipin
(1081 times)
Biochemistry
(375 times)
PC (165 times)
PE (161 times)
PG (154 times)
1970 Cardiolipin-specific phospholipase D of Haemophilus parainfluenzae. II. Characteristics and possible significance.
contact lens
(657 times)
Ophthalmology
(302 times)
CI (26 times)
AK (25 times)
CLABSI (20 times)
1980 An evaluation of orthokeratology.
confidence limits
(500 times)
Neoplasms
(72 times)
OR (95 times)
RR (42 times)
HR (20 times)
1977 Amniotic fluid testosterone and follicle-stimulating hormone in the determination of fetal sex.
cervical length
(406 times)
Obstetrics
(263 times)
PTB (83 times)
sPTB (56 times)
fFN (42 times)
1999 Prediction of preterm delivery by combined use of simple clinical tests.
cycle length
(395 times)
Cardiology
(293 times)
AF (81 times)
APD (45 times)
VT (42 times)
1975 Eectrophysiological observations in pateints with rate dependent bundle branch block.
10  cleft lip
(219 times)
Dentistry
(92 times)
CP (127 times)
CLP (100 times)
CL/P (30 times)
1978 The effects of zero population growth on the incidence of cleft lip and palate in Western Australia.
11  confidence limit
(212 times)
Neoplasms
(23 times)
OR (32 times)
RR (13 times)
HR (9 times)
1985 The use of criteria for reversibility and obstruction to define patient groups for bronchodilator trials. Influence of clinical diagnosis, spirometric, and anthropometric variables.
12  epsilon-caprolactone
(150 times)
Chemistry
(34 times)
ROP (34 times)
PCL (21 times)
TMC (19 times)
1991 Evaluation of new pasty-type implantable devices consisting of poly(epsilon-caprolactone/delta-valerolactone) and Estracyt or estramustine.
13  contralateral
(126 times)
Neurology
(40 times)
IL (23 times)
VL (19 times)
PC (18 times)
1976 Convergence of the descending pathways of motor, visual and limbic cortex in the cat di- and mesencephalon.
14  cervical lordosis
(124 times)
Orthopedics
(54 times)
TK (45 times)
SVA (43 times)
LL (35 times)
2002 Sagittal profiles of the spine in scoliosis associated with an Arnold-Chiari malformation with or without syringomyelia.
15  compliance
(99 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(46 times)
RL (14 times)
VT (9 times)
FRC (7 times)
1975 Interrelations between pulmonary liquid volumes and lung compliance.
16  conventional laparoscopy
(91 times)
General Surgery
(25 times)
LESS (15 times)
RAL (7 times)
HALS (6 times)
1998 Small diameter versus conventional laparoscopy: a prospective, self-controlled study.
17  cooking loss
(84 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(29 times)
WHC (25 times)
SF (21 times)
DL (17 times)
1989 Evaluation of salt, polyphosphates and their blends at different levels on physicochemical properties of buffalo meat and patties.
18  Cormack-Lehane
(82 times)
Anesthesiology
(24 times)
VL (10 times)
DL (9 times)
POGO (9 times)
2004 Risk factors assessment of the difficult airway: an italian survey of 1956 patients.
19  confidence level
(71 times)
Medicine
(17 times)
OR (7 times)
FOK (3 times)
HR (3 times)
1989 Surgical management of acute aortic dissection complicated by stroke.
20  Corpora lutea
(70 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(34 times)
LH (9 times)
hCG (5 times)
PG (5 times)
1975 Progestational function of perifused rat corpora lutea.
21  closed-loop
(69 times)
Endocrinology
(37 times)
OL (25 times)
T1D (16 times)
CGM (10 times)
1996 Proximal contribution to a linear static model of accommodation and vergence.
22  cytotoxic lymphocytes
(60 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(37 times)
MLC (6 times)
NK (5 times)
CLP (4 times)
1971 Cellular and humoral response to transplantation antigens. I. Development of alloantibody-forming cells and cytotoxic lymphocytes in the graft-versus-host reaction.
23  clearance rate
(54 times)
Pharmacology
(27 times)
Vd (9 times)
MRT (6 times)
AUC (4 times)
1985 Effect of short surgical procedures on salivary paracetamol elimination.
24  central lateral nucleus
(50 times)
Neurology
(21 times)
VL (11 times)
Po (9 times)
MD (8 times)
1977 Topographical arrangement of thalamocortical neurons in the centrolateral nucleus (CL) of the cat, with special reference to a spino-thalamo-motor cortical path through the CL.
25  cross-linked
(50 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
MA (6 times)
8-MOP (5 times)
ROM (4 times)
1985 All-reagent test tablets and method for rapid and selective alpha-amylase iodometric determination.
26  control
(46 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
SL (5 times)
AUC (3 times)
AS (2 times)
1985 Regulation of intestinal blood flow with increased intraluminal pressure.
27  Cutis laxa
(46 times)
Dermatology
(16 times)
LTBP4 (3 times)
PXE (3 times)
AR (2 times)
1990 Determination of desmosines in elastin-related skin disorders by isocratic high-performance liquid chromatography.
28  coriaria lactone
(42 times)
Medicine
(22 times)
P-gp (4 times)
SE (3 times)
CBZ (2 times)
1990 [Variation of cAMP in cerebral cortex and hippocampus in seizure mice induced by coriaria lactone].
29  cholelithiasis
(41 times)
Therapeutics
(11 times)
GBC (5 times)
BMI (4 times)
SG (4 times)
1987 [Comparative study of bile sedimentation rate and pH normally and in cholelithiasis patients].
30  cognitive load
(41 times)
Psychology
(7 times)
WM (8 times)
VR (6 times)
ECL (3 times)
2010 The emotional startle effect is disrupted by a concurrent working memory task.
31  continuous light
(41 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(6 times)
IL (5 times)
SS (5 times)
CD (3 times)
1975 A failure to train the "same-different" differentiation of photic stimuli in dogs.
32  carapace length
(37 times)
Biology
(10 times)
CW (6 times)
BW (5 times)
TL (4 times)
1976 An evaluation of the Australian beef carcase appraisal system.
33  cationic liposomes
(37 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
DOPE (3 times)
NPs (3 times)
pDNA (3 times)
1997 Cytoplasmic gene expression system enhances the efficiency of cationic liposome-mediated in vivo gene transfer into mouse brain.
34  catalyst layer
(34 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(8 times)
PEMFCs (7 times)
PEMFC (5 times)
GDL (4 times)
2010 Analyses of interfacial resistances in a membrane-electrode assembly for a proton exchange membrane fuel cell using symmetrical impedance spectroscopy.
35  clonidine
(33 times)
Pharmacology
(18 times)
PE (7 times)
MO (6 times)
NE (4 times)
1976 Influence of 6-hydroxydopamine on the behavioral effects induced by apomorphine or clonidine in rats.
36  cathepsin L
(32 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
CB (11 times)
CD (6 times)
uPA (4 times)
1992 Fibroblasts transformed by different ras oncogenes show dissimilar patterns of protease gene expression and regulation.
37  cellulose
(31 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
CS (5 times)
LG (4 times)
CA (3 times)
1988 Dietary fibre and the mouse colon: its influence on luminal pH, reducing activity and bile acid binding.
38  Curcuma longa
(31 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
TC (6 times)
AST (3 times)
OS (3 times)
2003 Lens aldose reductase inhibiting potential of some indigenous plants.
39  cardinal ligament
(29 times)
Gynecology
(11 times)
USL (10 times)
ITCL (8 times)
POP (7 times)
2001 Tarsal sinus: arthrographic, MR imaging, MR arthrographic, and pathologic findings in cadavers and retrospective study data in patients with sinus tarsi syndrome.
40  cleistogamous
(29 times)
Botany
(9 times)
CH (28 times)
TF (2 times)
AMF (1 time)
1985 RELATIVE PERFORMANCE OF SELFED AND OUTCROSSED PROGENY IN IMPATIENS CAPENSIS.
41  constant light
(29 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
CD (3 times)
ALAN (1 time)
AST (1 time)
1975 Influence of adrenalectomy, castration, and light cycle on steroid hydroxylase activity in the adult male rat liver.
42  critical load
(29 times)
Environmental Health
(18 times)
ANC (2 times)
1RM (1 time)
BC (1 time)
2003 Physiological and growth responses of the montane bryophyte Racomitrium lanuginosum to atmospheric nitrogen deposition.
43  chain length
(28 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
DP (6 times)
AP (4 times)
ECL (3 times)
1995 Maize branching enzyme catalyzes synthesis of glycogen-like polysaccharide in glgB-deficient Escherichia coli.
44  Composite lymphoma
(28 times)
Pathology
(11 times)
FL (7 times)
MCL (6 times)
NHL (6 times)
1985 Morphologic and immunologic evidence of composite B- and T-cell lymphomas. A report of three cases developing in follicular center cell lymphomas.
45  cooperative learning
(28 times)
Medical Informatics
(7 times)
CLS (2 times)
PE (2 times)
AS (1 time)
1991 Contrastive Learning and Neural Oscillations.
46  clenbuterol
(27 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(6 times)
BSA (2 times)
CE (2 times)
LOD (2 times)
1994 Effects of dietary supplementation of beta 2-adrenergic agonist clenbuterol on carcase characteristics and some metabolites in ducks.
47  cutaneous lymphoma
(27 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
MF (6 times)
CTCL (4 times)
CBCL (2 times)
1995 CD44v6 is a marker for systemic spread in cutaneous T-cell lymphomas. A comparative study between nodal and cutaneous lymphomas.
48  cholesterol
(26 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
TG (8 times)
PL (5 times)
PE (4 times)
1982 Acute effect of prednisone and deflazacort on glucose tolerance in prediabetic subjects.
49  conventional loading
(25 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
SL (7 times)
IL (5 times)
EL (3 times)
2008 The impact of prosthetic design on the stability, marginal bone loss, peri-implant sulcus fluid volume, and nitric oxide metabolism of conventionally loaded endosseous dental implants: a 12-month clinical study.
50  conventional liposomes
(24 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
DL (4 times)
DOX (3 times)
TEM (3 times)
1998 Increased liver uptake of liposomes and improved targeting efficacy by labeling with asialofetuin in rodents.
51  Cystic lymphangioma
(24 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
CT (2 times)
ACL (1 time)
BPV (1 time)
1995 Abdominal cystic lymphangiomas: US and CT findings.
52  Centiloid
(23 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(8 times)
AD (10 times)
SUVR (8 times)
PET (7 times)
2017 18F-Florbetaben PET beta-amyloid binding expressed in Centiloids.
53  checklist
(23 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
GRS (13 times)
ICC (3 times)
GiECAT (2 times)
2002 [Validity of the Japanese version of Rivermead Behavioural Memory Test for evaluation of everyday memory function in patients with mild Alzheimer's disease].
54  cortical lesions
(21 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
MS (12 times)
MRI (9 times)
DIR (7 times)
2001 Understanding ambiguous words in biased sentences: evidence of transient contextual effects in individuals with nonthalamic subcortical lesions and Parkinson's disease.
55  cytoplasmic loop
(21 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
CT (7 times)
Cx43 (3 times)
CaM (2 times)
1998 Analysis of the G93E mutant allele of KpsM, the membrane component of an ABC transporter involved in polysialic acid translocation in Escherichia coli K1.
56  caseous lymphadenitis
(20 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(12 times)
ELISA (2 times)
PCR (2 times)
CFU (1 time)
1984 [Caseous lymphadenitis (CL)].
57  central laboratory
(20 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(6 times)
POC (8 times)
POCT (7 times)
INR (3 times)
2001 Blood gas analysis: POCT versus central laboratory on samples sent by a pneumatic tube system.
58  classical
(20 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
ET (6 times)
BA (3 times)
GBM (3 times)
2001 Immune response genes modulate serologic responses to Vibrio cholerae TcpA pilin peptides.
59  canine leishmaniasis
(19 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(16 times)
IFAT (3 times)
PCR (2 times)
AmB (1 time)
1998 An immunodiffusion assay for the detection of canine leishmaniasis due to infection with Leishmania infantum.
60  caprolactone
(19 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
SLs (8 times)
CLA (5 times)
LA (4 times)
1996 Dual-controlled drug delivery across biodegradable copolymer. I. Delivery kinetics of levonorgestrel and estradiol through (caprolactone/lactide) block copolymer.
61  caudate lobe
(19 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
RL (4 times)
HCC (3 times)
LLL (3 times)
2000 Configuration of the right portion of the caudate lobe with special reference to identification of its right margin.
62  Cerenkov luminescence
(19 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(6 times)
CLI (7 times)
PET (6 times)
PDT (3 times)
2013 Clinical Cerenkov luminescence imaging of (18)F-FDG.
63  claustrum
(19 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
IR (2 times)
PV (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
1978 Some claustro-cortical connections in the cat and baboon as studied by retrograde horseradish peroxidase transport.
64  collagen
(19 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
ECM (3 times)
FN (3 times)
rhBMP-2 (3 times)
1992 Differential temporal and spatial expression of mRNA encoding extracellular matrix components in decidua during the peri-implantation period.
65  cooling
(18 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(15 times)
HT (17 times)
PRL (4 times)
OG (2 times)
2009 Heat stress abatement during the dry period influences prolactin signaling in lymphocytes.
66  C2-C7 lordosis
(17 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
SVA (7 times)
T1S (7 times)
CD (4 times)
2015 How the neck affects the back: changes in regional cervical sagittal alignment correlate to HRQOL improvement in adult thoracolumbar deformity patients at 2-year follow-up.
67  ceroid-lipofuscinosis
(17 times)
Genetics, Medical
(6 times)
CLP (1 time)
Dol-PP-OS (1 time)
EM (1 time)
1980 On the neurochemistry of an adult form of ceroid lipofuscinosis (Kuf's disease).
68  childhood leukaemia
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
ALL (5 times)
CI (3 times)
PM (2 times)
1985 Epidemiological and immunological characteristics of childhood leukaemia in The Netherlands: population-based data from a nationwide co-operative group of paediatricians.
69  colistin
(17 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(4 times)
AMK (3 times)
CPFX (3 times)
GM (3 times)
1985 Sensitive enzyme immunoassay of colistin and its application to detect residual colistin in rainbow trout tissue.
70  calcitonin receptor-like receptor
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
AM (9 times)
CGRP (8 times)
RAMP (7 times)
2003 CL/RAMP2 and CL/RAMP3 produce pharmacologically distinct adrenomedullin receptors: a comparison of effects of adrenomedullin22-52, CGRP8-37 and BIBN4096BS.
71  cationic lipid
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
DOPE (4 times)
pDNA (3 times)
DOTAP (2 times)
1996 Efficient gene transfer into mammalian cells using fusogenic liposome.
72  cell lysate
(16 times)
Biology
(3 times)
cl (2 times)
CM (2 times)
CS (2 times)
1990 Paw oedema test for detection of Salmonella enterotoxin : modification and standardization.
73  clindamycin
(16 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
TET (4 times)
BPO (3 times)
D-test (2 times)
1999 Inhibition of alpha-smooth muscle actin expression in an in vitro wound healing model by certain antibiotics.
74  anti-cardiolipin
(15 times)
Rheumatology
(6 times)
SLE (6 times)
APS (3 times)
beta2GPI (3 times)
1987 Anti-cardiolipin antibodies in neurological disorders: cross-reaction with anti-single stranded DNA activity.
75  cellular leiomyoma
(14 times)
Gynecology
(4 times)
ESS (6 times)
LMS (6 times)
ER (4 times)
1999 Expression of steroid receptors, Ki-67, and p53 in uterine leiomyosarcomas.
76  CL-316,243
(14 times)
Physiology
(13 times)
WAT (5 times)
UCP1 (4 times)
BAT (3 times)
1994 Effect of CL-316,243, a thermogenic beta 3-agonist, on energy balance and brown and white adipose tissues in rats.
77  Cell Ontology
(13 times)
Medical Informatics
(7 times)
CLO (3 times)
GO (3 times)
OBI (2 times)
2009 An improved ontological representation of dendritic cells as a paradigm for all cell types.
78  cerebellum
(13 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
CTX (3 times)
OB (3 times)
PSD (3 times)
1985 Existence of a Ca2+-dependent K+ channel in synaptic membrane and postsynaptic density fractions isolated from canine cerebral cortex and cerebellum, as determined by apamin binding.
79  chord length
(13 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
CT (3 times)
AIS (2 times)
CW (2 times)
1990 Left ventricular volume determination in the horse by two-dimensional echocardiography: an in vitro study.
80  cluster
(13 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
TR (4 times)
6RM (1 time)
AL (1 time)
1996 [Effect of chemotherapy on hematopoietic stem cells in peripheral blood].
81  contralateral lung
(13 times)
Radiotherapy
(3 times)
IL (6 times)
PTV (4 times)
CB (3 times)
1982 Effects of striatal and pallidal lesions and intrapallidal GABA and opiate drugs on tremorine-induced rigidity in the rat.
82  crown length
(13 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
CW (4 times)
BLW (2 times)
CI (2 times)
2009 Influence of crown shape on root coverage therapy.
83  cruciate ligament
(13 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
MRI (2 times)
ACL (1 time)
app (1 time)
1986 [A simple method of studying cruciate ligaments in arthrography].
84  culprit lesion
(13 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
ACS (4 times)
PCI (3 times)
STEMI (3 times)
2007 Correlation between morphologic characteristics and local temperature differences in culprit lesions of patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease.
85  chemiluminescence response
(12 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
PMN (2 times)
PMNs (2 times)
5-HETE (1 time)
1983 Functional and metabolic activity of granulocytes from patients with adult respiratory distress syndrome. Evidence for activated neutrophils in the pulmonary circulation.
86  cholesteryl linoleate
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
CO (3 times)
LDL (3 times)
CE (2 times)
1984 Cholesterol ester and triglyceride metabolism in intact fibroblasts from patients with Wolman's disease and cholesterol ester storage disease.
87  clinical librarian
(12 times)
Health Services
(10 times)
NHS (2 times)
CRD (1 time)
CriSTAL (1 time)
2003 Clinical librarianship: a systematic review of the literature.
88  Crithidia luciliae
(12 times)
Rheumatology
(3 times)
SLE (5 times)
ANA (2 times)
IIF (2 times)
1979 Anti-native DNA detection by the Crithidia luciliae method: an improved guide to the diagnosis and clinical management of systemic lupus erythematosus.
89  cross-linking
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
HP (2 times)
ABTS (1 time)
ADA (1 time)
1986 Ligands of second generation platinum analogs decrease both platinum-induced DNA cross-linking and its ability to interact with 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl cytosine to potentiate cytotoxic efficacy.
90  Caldwell-Luc
(11 times)
Otolaryngology
(4 times)
ESS (3 times)
CT (2 times)
FESS (2 times)
1994 Endoscopic versus Caldwell-Luc approach in chronic maxillary sinusitis: comparison of symptoms at one-year follow-up.
91  chronic laryngitis
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
SU (3 times)
DD (2 times)
HYP (2 times)
2005 Genetic parameters for claw disorders in Dutch dairy cattle and correlations with conformation traits.
92  chyle leak
(11 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
PD (3 times)
CI (2 times)
ISGPS (2 times)
2019 Finger-pressing: a simple and efficient way to stop chyle leak post neck dissection.
93  clarithromycin
(11 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
AZ (4 times)
Er (4 times)
AMX (2 times)
1988 Comparative in vitro potencies of nine new macrolides.
94  clodronate liposomes
(11 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
AAV-GFP (1 time)
AF (1 time)
anti-CSF1 (1 time)
2007 Depletion of peripheral macrophages and brain microglia increases brain tumor titers of oncolytic viruses.
95  collateral ligament
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
DIP (4 times)
MRI (3 times)
IRU (2 times)
1984 Functional anatomy of the equine tarsocrural collateral ligaments.
96  cropland
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
GL (4 times)
AL (2 times)
FG (2 times)
2014 Long term effect of land reclamation from lake on chemical composition of soil organic matter and its mineralization.
97  cycloleucine
(11 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AIB (2 times)
MAT (2 times)
SAM (2 times)
1978 The effect of chondrocyte growth factor on membrane transport by articular chondrocytes in monolayer culture.
98  luminol-chemiluminescence
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
SD (3 times)
BL (2 times)
EEG (2 times)
1992 Characterization of platelet-activating factor induced superoxide anion generation by guinea-pig alveolar macrophages.
99  cell lines
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ATP (2 times)
PTCC (2 times)
RCC (2 times)
1991 Screening for expression of cytokines with hematopoietic growth factor activity by permanent human B-cell lines.
100  chitosan lactate
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
NPs (5 times)
FA (2 times)
PS (2 times)
2006 Chitosan lactate as a nonviral gene delivery vector in COS-1 cells.