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Abbreviation: CLs
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Long forms: 147

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
contact lenses
(190 times)
Ophthalmology
(100 times)
RGP (16 times)
SV (7 times)
MPS (6 times)
1987 Pseudomonas attachment to new hydrogel contact lenses.
confidence limits
(66 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
OR (5 times)
HRs (4 times)
ABI (3 times)
1991 Use of acetylsalicylic acid by physicians and in the community.
cycle lengths
(57 times)
Cardiology
(44 times)
AF (17 times)
APD (12 times)
ERP (6 times)
1988 Frequency-dependent effects of quinidine on the relationship between action potential duration and refractoriness in the canine heart in situ.
cationic liposomes
(48 times)
Chemistry
(14 times)
TE (5 times)
DOPE (4 times)
DOTAP (4 times)
2000 Structure and structure-function studies of lipid/plasmid DNA complexes.
cortical lesions
(43 times)
Neurology
(30 times)
MS (34 times)
MRI (15 times)
WM (13 times)
2008 Morphology and evolution of cortical lesions in multiple sclerosis. A longitudinal MRI study.
cardiolipins
(23 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
PEs (7 times)
PGs (7 times)
PCs (3 times)
2009 Role of cardiolipins in the inner mitochondrial membrane: insight gained through atom-scale simulations.
cross-links
(14 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
FA (2 times)
LT (2 times)
PGs (2 times)
1990 Genetic effects and repair of DNA photo-adducts induced by 8-methoxypsoralen and homopsoralen (pyranocoumarin) in diploid yeast.
collateral ligaments
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
DIP (5 times)
MCP (4 times)
MR (3 times)
2002 MR imaging of the metacarpophalangeal joints of the fingers: part II. Detection of simulated injuries in cadavers.
conventional liposomes
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
DLs (5 times)
Chol (2 times)
CLSM (2 times)
2011 A novel vesicular carrier, transethosome, for enhanced skin delivery of voriconazole: characterization and in vitro/in vivo evaluation.
10  cutaneous lymphomas
(10 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
CTCLs (3 times)
MF (3 times)
CBCL (2 times)
1995 Molecular analysis of cutaneous B- and T-cell lymphomas.
11  critical loads
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
ANC (2 times)
BCE (1 time)
DCLs (1 time)
2010 Lichen-based critical loads for atmospheric nitrogen deposition in Western Oregon and Washington Forests, USA.
12  cytotoxic lymphocytes
(9 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
GrB (2 times)
PI-9 (2 times)
BLT-SE (1 time)
1997 Isolation and partial characterization of cytoplasmic granules of LAK cells from mice showing side effects of recombinant human IL-2.
13  cationic lipids
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
ALs (2 times)
DNA (2 times)
pDNA (2 times)
2000 Characterisation of three novel cationic lipids as liposomal complexes with DNA.
14  catalyst layers
(7 times)
Biotechnology
(4 times)
AC (1 time)
CB (1 time)
CGMD (1 time)
2010 On the micro-, meso-, and macroporous structures of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell catalyst layers.
15  clearances
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
Vdss (2 times)
AUCs (1 time)
CLTotal (1 time)
1982 Pharmacokinetics of Teniposide (VM26) and etoposide (VP16-213) in children with cancer.
16  critical levels
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
FACE (1 time)
LP (1 time)
OTCs (1 time)
2002 Clover as a tool for bioindication of phytotoxic ozone--5 years of experience from southern Sweden--consequences for the short-term critical levels.
17  cardinal ligaments
(6 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
USLs (3 times)
PAI (2 times)
RH (2 times)
2000 Pelvic nerve plexus trauma at radical hysterectomy and simple hysterectomy: the nerve content of the uterine supporting ligaments.
18  cell lines
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AABCL (1 time)
BC (1 time)
CTAs (1 time)
1994 B cell IL-7. Human B cell lines constitutively secrete IL-7 and express IL-7 receptors.
19  Claudins
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
TJs (2 times)
AD (1 time)
BBB (1 time)
2010 Altered expression of claudin family proteins in Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia brains.
20  cluster lesions
(6 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
BIANCA (2 times)
BioQuaRT (1 time)
PTB (1 time)
2013 A model of radiation-induced cell killing: insights into mechanisms and applications for hadron therapy.
21  Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum
(5 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
bTEFAP (2 times)
ZC (2 times)
PCR (1 time)
2011 Diversity of endosymbionts in the potato psyllid, Bactericera cockerelli (Triozidae), vector of zebra chip disease of potato.
22  cellobiose lipids
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
AFM (1 time)
BS (1 time)
CMC (1 time)
2011 Production of Glycolipid Biosurfactants, cellobiose lipids, by Cryptococcus humicola JCM 1461 and their interfacial properties.
23  central lines
(5 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
CLABSIs (2 times)
APs (1 time)
2011 Association between risk of bloodstream infection and duration of use of totally implantable access ports and central lines: a 24-month study.
24  Cutaneous lymphomas
(5 times)
Therapeutics
(2 times)
CBCLs (1 time)
CL-DQ (1 time)
CTCLs (1 time)
2002 Immunomodulators in the treatment of cutaneous lymphomas.
25  Cytotoxic lymphocytes
(5 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
GrB (1 time)
LMP (1 time)
LROs (1 time)
1998 Selective regulation of apoptosis: the cytotoxic lymphocyte serpin proteinase inhibitor 9 protects against granzyme B-mediated apoptosis without perturbing the Fas cell death pathway.
26  cell lysates
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CM (2 times)
CCM (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
1992 Urokinase-type plasminogen activator activity increases during the growth of two murine mammary adenocarcinomas with different metastasizing abilities.
27  clusters
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CLL (1 time)
CMJ (1 time)
CON (1 time)
2011 Identification of outcome-correlated cytokine clusters in chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
28  cruciate ligaments
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ACL (1 time)
CCL (1 time)
CCLD (1 time)
2011 The organisation of elastin and fibrillins 1 and 2 in the cruciate ligament complex.
29  cyclolinopeptides
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
CHR (1 time)
CL-F (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2012 Rapid reversed-phase liquid chromatography separation of cyclolinopeptides with monolithic and microparticulate columns.
30  capping layers
(3 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
QDs (2 times)
MRAM (1 time)
SESAMs (1 time)
2013 Magnetic properties of ultrathin Ni81Fe19 films with Ta and Ru capping layers.
31  cellular leiomyomas
(3 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
LMSs (1 time)
ULs (1 time)
2010 Understanding cellular leiomyomas: a case-control study.
32  community leaders
(3 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
CBPR (1 time)
DIs (1 time)
DOTS (1 time)
2010 Traditional healers and tuberculosis control in southern Nigeria.
33  Composite lymphomas
(3 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
IgH (2 times)
PCR (2 times)
PTCL (2 times)
2012 Composite chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma and follicular lymphoma are biclonal lymphomas: a report of two cases.
34  constrained liners
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
THA (2 times)
DMCs (1 time)
L-MoM (1 time)
2014 Large diameter metal on metal total hip replacement for femoral neck fractures with neurological conditions: A retrospective assessment.
35  C-type lectins
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
CRP (1 time)
GPCR43 (1 time)
MjsvCL (1 time)
2010 Secreted M-ficolin anchors onto monocyte transmembrane G protein-coupled receptor 43 and cross talks with plasma C-reactive protein to mediate immune signaling and regulate host defense.
36  care levels
(2 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
BPD (1 time)
HC (1 time)
MFP (1 time)
2014 Attosecond time-resolved photoelectron dispersion and photoemission time delays.
37  catheterization laboratories
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CAs (1 time)
OpD (1 time)
PCIs (1 time)
2015 THE EFFECT OF RADIATION SHIELDS ON OPERATOR EXPOSURE DURING CONGENITAL CARDIAC CATHETERISATION.
38  cellular lesions
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
CK (1 time)
CS (1 time)
EBTB (1 time)
1992 Diagnosis and management of endobronchial tuberculosis.
39  central laboratories
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BGAs (1 time)
CEG (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
2010 Point-of-care reversal treatment in phenprocoumon-related intracerebral hemorrhage.
40  cervical lengths
(2 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
GA (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
PTD (1 time)
2006 Routine cervical length in twins and perinatal outcomes.
41  clinical leaders
(2 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
NDUs (1 time)
1998 Clinical leadership in nursing development units.
42  clodronate liposomes
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AKI (1 time)
CCR2 (1 time)
CKD (1 time)
2014 Enhancement of anticancer effect of interferon-gamma gene transfer against interferon-gamma-resistant tumor by depletion of tumor-associated macrophages.
43  corpus lutea
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
ET (1 time)
hCG (1 time)
1984 Influence of suckling and side of corpus luteum or pregnancy on folliculogenesis in postpartum cows.
44  corpus luteums
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
eCG (1 time)
ET (1 time)
OT (1 time)
2013 Anomalies in ovary following oral exposure to oxytocin: mechanistic studies.
45  cross-linked 2'-O-methylated RNA duplexes
(2 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
AGO (1 time)
AMO (1 time)
AMOs (1 time)
2018 Function Control of Anti-microRNA Oligonucleotides Using Interstrand Cross-Linked Duplexes.
46  culprit lesions
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
CRP (1 time)
DM (1 time)
MVD (1 time)
2009 Impact of type 2 diabetes mellitus on diffuse inflammatory activation of de novo atheromatous lesions: implications for systemic inflammation.
47  cultured lymphocytes
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
BMPR2 (1 time)
HPAH (1 time)
IGHD II (1 time)
2009 A molecular basis for variation in clinical severity of isolated growth hormone deficiency type II.
48  current levels
(2 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
CNC (1 time)
DR (1 time)
2015 Effects of Threshold Adjustment on Speech Perception in Nucleus Cochlear Implant Recipients.
49  Cutaneous leiomyomas
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
HLRCC (2 times)
MCULs (1 time)
2015 Leiomyoma cutis: a focused review on presentation, management, and association with malignancy.
50  calcitonin receptor-like receptors
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
RAMP (1 time)
2005 Female sex steroids increase adrenomedullin-induced vasodilation by increasing the expression of adrenomedullin2 receptor components in rat mesenteric artery.
51  canalicular lacerations
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2019 Apart From Surgical Procedures, Another Important Point to Note in Lacrimal Canalicular Lacerations: Traumatic Retinal Tears.
52  canine lymphomas
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2004 Canine lymphomas: a morphological and immunohistochemical study of 55 cases, with observations on p53 immunoexpression.
53  cannot-links
(1 time)
Neural Networks (Computer)
(1 time)
MLs (1 time)
PCP (1 time)
PCs (1 time)
2020 Pairwise Constraint Propagation With Dual Adversarial Manifold Regularization.
54  capillary loops
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
CRC (1 time)
CTPe (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2009 Morphological study of the connective tissue papillae and the capillary loops on the lingual dorsum in the type 2 diabetes mellitus model rats.
55  capsular ligaments
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 1998 Capsular ligament stretches during in vitro whiplash simulations.
56  carapace lengths
(1 time)
Ecological and Environmental Phenomena
(1 time)
--- 2016 Validation of back-calculated body lengths and timing of growth mark deposition in Hawaiian green sea turtles.
57  cardiolipin liposomes
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
MTO (1 time)
2010 Reduced dose-limiting toxicity of intraperitoneal mitoxantrone chemotherapy using cardiolipin-based anionic liposomes.
58  Cardiolipins (1,3-bis(sn-3'-phosphatidyl)-sn-glycerol)
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
HILIC (1 time)
2021 Detailed structural characterization of cardiolipins from various biological sources using a complex analytical strategy comprising fractionation, hydrolysis and chiral chromatography.
59  cardiolipins species
(1 time)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CIV (1 time)
ETC (1 time)
GPL (1 time)
2021 Adaptive optimization of the OXPHOS assembly line partially compensates lrpprc-dependent mitochondrial translation defects in mice.
60  carious lesions
(1 time)
Mouth Diseases
(1 time)
MS (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
S-ECC (1 time)
2014 Children with severe early childhood caries: streptococci genetic strains within carious and white spot lesions.
61  caspase-like enzymatic activities
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ETR (1 time)
NPQ (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2015 Dunaliella tertiolecta (Chlorophyta) Avoids Cell Death Under Ultraviolet Radiation By Triggering Alternative Photoprotective Mechanisms.
62  catecholamines
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
DA (1 time)
EDMA (1 time)
2012 Selective extraction and determination of catecholamines in urine samples by using a dopamine magnetic molecularly imprinted polymer and capillary electrophoresis.
63  Cavitary lesions
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
aHR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2019 Increasing Number and Volume of Cavitary Lesions on Chest Computed Tomography Are Associated With Prolonged Time to Culture Conversion in Pulmonary Tuberculosis.
64  cell lengths
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
E-C (1 time)
GH (1 time)
IGF-I (1 time)
2002 Impaired cardiac excitation-contraction coupling in ventricular myocytes from Ames dwarf mice with IGF-I deficiency.
65  Cellular lectins
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
SLs (1 time)
1989 Sugar specific cellular lectins of Phallusia mamillata hemocytes: purification, characterization and evidence for cell surface localization.
66  cement leakages
(1 time)
Spinal Diseases
(1 time)
PMMA (1 time)
2017 Potential risks of using cement-augmented screws for spinal fusion in patients with low bone quality.
67  centerlines
(1 time)
Biomechanical Phenomena
(1 time)
--- 2016 Automatic construction of subject-specific human airway geometry including trifurcations based on a CT-segmented airway skeleton and surface.
68  Centrum lengths
(1 time)
Biological Phenomena
(1 time)
NC (1 time)
TLs (1 time)
2021 Vertebrae-Based Body Length Estimation in Crocodylians and Its Implication for Sexual Maturity and the Maximum Sizes.
69  certainty limits
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
HBV (1 time)
2019 Surveillance-Based Estimate of the Prevalence of Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Infection, New York City, 2016.
70  cervical loops
(1 time)
Stem Cells
(1 time)
DESCs (1 time)
FACS (1 time)
2013 Self-renewal and multilineage differentiation of mouse dental epithelial stem cells.
71  CFAE-cycle lengths
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
CFAE (1 time)
LA (1 time)
2016 Spatial reproducibility of complex fractionated atrial electrogram depending on the direction and configuration of bipolar electrodes: an in-silico modeling study.
72  chain lengths
(1 time)
Stomatognathic Diseases
(1 time)
CFU (1 time)
NACP (1 time)
QAMs (1 time)
2016 Effects of quaternary ammonium chain length on the antibacterial and remineralizing effects of a calcium phosphate nanocomposite.
73  challenging locations
(1 time)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
AAT (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
LTP (1 time)
2020 Ultrasound-guided percutaneous microwave ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma in challenging locations: oncologic outcomes and advanced assistive technology.
74  chromophore ligands
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
Ti6-TOCs (1 time)
TOCs (1 time)
2019 Precise and Wide-Ranged Band-Gap Tuning of Ti6-Core-Based Titanium Oxo Clusters by the Type and Number of Chromophore Ligands.
75  cigalikes
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
TC (1 time)
TM (1 time)
2017 Nicotine delivery efficiency of first- and second-generation e-cigarettes and its impact on relief of craving during the acute phase of use.
76  cinnamoyl lipids
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ITCT (1 time)
KS/CLF (1 time)
PKSs (1 time)
2020 An Unusual Type II Polyketide Synthase System Involved in Cinnamoyl Lipid Biosynthesis.
77  circulating lymphocytes
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
ObS (1 time)
PDH (1 time)
PDHt (1 time)
2005 Down-regulation of pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase in obese subjects is a defect that signals insulin resistance.
78  circumferential lines
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
CA (1 time)
MIL (1 time)
2017 Persistency of left atrial linear lesions after radiofrequency catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation: Data from an invasive follow-up electrophysiology study.
79  Citrus limonoids
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2016 The Chemistry and Pharmacology of Citrus Limonoids.
80  classic liposomes
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
FLs (1 time)
RVX (1 time)
2020 Chitosan caged liposomes for improving oral bioavailability of rivaroxaban: in vitro and in vivo evaluation.
81  clearance of S- and R-warfarin
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
INR (1 time)
PK (1 time)
2017 Development of a novel individualized warfarin dose algorithm based on a population pharmacokinetic model with improved prediction accuracy for Chinese patients after heart valve replacement.
82  clearance of S-warfarin
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
INR (1 time)
PK/PD (1 time)
2009 Warfarin-dosing algorithm based on a population pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic model combined with Bayesian forecasting.
83  clearance values
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
5-FDHU (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
PK (1 time)
2020 Local Irradiation Modulates the Pharmacokinetics of Metabolites in 5-Fluorouracil-Radiotherapy-Pharmacokinetics Phenomenon.
84  cleft lips
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2008 A new method to quantify subtle morphological deformities in nasal profile curvatures and its application for analysis of unilateral cleft lip noses.
85  clients
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
--- 2002 Overcoming truth telling as an obstacle to initiating safer sex: clients and health practitioners planning deception during HIV test counseling.
86  clinical laboratories
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
Brucella events (1 time)
BSC (1 time)
BTAs (1 time)
2019 Brucella Exposure Risk Events in 10 Clinical Laboratories, New York City, USA, 2015 to 2017.
87  clinical librarians
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2016 The impact of clinical librarian services on patients and health care organisations.
88  clodronate-containing liposomes
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Distinct Cellular Pathways for Induction of CD4+ T Cell-Dependent Antibody Responses to Antigen Expressed by Intact Bacteria Versus Isolated Soluble Antigen.
89  clonal lineages
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
SSR (1 time)
2020 One Clonal Lineage of Calonectria pseudonaviculata Is Primarily Responsible for the Boxwood Blight Epidemic in the United States.
90  coleoptile lengths
(1 time)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
--- 2020 A Genome-Wide Association Study of Coleoptile Length in Different Chinese Wheat Landraces.
91  collective delocalized state
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
2019 Ultrafast Relaxation Processes of Conjugated Polymer Nanoparticles in the Presence of Au Nanoparticles.
92  colonic lipomas
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2020 Intussusception related to transverse colonic lipoma: a case report and review of the literature.
93  colorectal lesions
(1 time)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(1 time)
BLI (1 time)
JNET (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2020 Comparison of different virtual chromoendoscopy classification systems for the characterization of colorectal lesions.
94  colostral leukocytes
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
TT (1 time)
2016 Maternal colostral leukocytes appear to enhance cell-mediated recall response, but inhibit humoral recall response in prime-boost vaccinated calves.
95  combinatorial libraries
(1 time)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical
(1 time)
SCC (1 time)
2020 Static Combinatorial Chemistry: A High-Pressure Approach to the Synthesis of Macrocyclic Benzoamide Libraries.
96  common locations
(1 time)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
CCs (1 time)
CMDs (1 time)
CMNs (1 time)
2002 Illustration of sampling-based methods for uncertainty and sensitivity analysis.
97  compact layers
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DSSCs (1 time)
EPD (1 time)
FTO (1 time)
2013 Electrophoretically deposited TiO2 compact layers using aqueous suspension for dye-sensitized solar cells.
98  complementary labels
(1 time)
Cybernetics
(1 time)
GANs (1 time)
2021 GAN-CL: Generative Adversarial Networks for Learning From Complementary Labels.
99  complex lesions
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CRP (1 time)
PUA (1 time)
2002 C-reactive protein and multiple complex coronary artery plaques in patients with primary unstable angina.
100  compliances
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
TI (1 time)
1985 Ventilation during CPR: two-rescuer standards reappraised.