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Abbreviation: CM
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Long forms: 1878

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
conditioned medium
(3348 times)
Neoplasms
(505 times)
MSCs (232 times)
VEGF (124 times)
LPS (112 times)
1973 A conditioned medium (CM) factor produced by chondrocytes that promotes their own differentiation.
contrast media
(909 times)
Radiology
(430 times)
CIN (114 times)
CT (66 times)
CNR (42 times)
1981 Determination of lethal dose in a protozoa: screening of contrast media toxicity.
Chinese medicine
(647 times)
Complementary Therapies
(537 times)
WM (69 times)
RA (23 times)
IM (21 times)
1999 MMPI manifestations of Chinese migraine syndromes: a control study.
cerebral malaria
(615 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(111 times)
ECM (72 times)
PbA (67 times)
UM (48 times)
1985 Antibodies against malaria sporozoites in patients with acute uncomplicated malaria and patients with cerebral malaria.
chronic migraine
(596 times)
Neurology
(473 times)
EM (141 times)
MOH (49 times)
CDH (35 times)
2001 Hypothalamic involvement in chronic migraine.
cutaneous melanoma
(433 times)
Neoplasms
(180 times)
CI (39 times)
UM (36 times)
OS (24 times)
1985 Risk for cutaneous melanoma in recent Connecticut birth cohorts.
cardiomyocyte
(424 times)
Cardiology
(83 times)
MI (35 times)
NO (18 times)
HF (17 times)
1994 Identification of myocarditogenic peptides derived from cardiac myosin capable of inducing experimental allergic myocarditis in the Lewis rat. The utility of a class II binding motif in selecting self-reactive peptides.
contingency management
(406 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(212 times)
CBT (51 times)
CO (18 times)
LDA (14 times)
1996 Contingency management for tobacco smoking in methadone-maintained opiate addicts.
cochlear microphonic
(398 times)
Audiology
(172 times)
CAP (111 times)
EP (64 times)
SP (63 times)
1972 [Changes in cochlear microphonics (CM) due to administration of NaCl to the cochlear window: comparison of the results with pretreatment with various other drugs].
10  childhood maltreatment
(310 times)
Psychiatry
(84 times)
IPV (23 times)
CTQ (22 times)
MDD (19 times)
2000 The impact of physician training on child maltreatment reporting: a multi-specialty study.
11  cryptococcal meningitis
(273 times)
Communicable Diseases
(77 times)
CSF (80 times)
HIV (45 times)
ART (33 times)
1995 Antibodies to the Cryptococcus neoformans capsular glucuronoxylomannan are ubiquitous in serum from HIV+ and HIV- individuals.
12  cardiomyopathy
(254 times)
Cardiology
(99 times)
LV (31 times)
HF (16 times)
CHD (14 times)
1975 [Autoantibodies against heartmuscle sarcolemma in sera of patients with an idiopathic cardiomyopathy (author's transl)].
13  cow's milk
(248 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(143 times)
CMA (53 times)
SPT (22 times)
OIT (21 times)
1985 Intestinal cow's milk allergy.
14  clinical mastitis
(224 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(181 times)
SCC (44 times)
SCM (31 times)
SCS (15 times)
1998 Use of clinical parameters for differentiation of gram-positive and gram-negative mastitis in dairy cows vaccinated against lipopolysaccharide core antigens.
15  case management
(173 times)
Nursing
(37 times)
ED (9 times)
CI (7 times)
UC (6 times)
1988 An evaluation of Utah's primary care case management program for Medicaid recipients.
16  chylomicrons
(166 times)
Biochemistry
(34 times)
VLDL (65 times)
TG (56 times)
LDL (27 times)
1979 Quantitation of the transfer of surface phospholipid of chylomicrons to the high density lipoprotein fraction during the catabolism of chylomicrons in the rat.
17  complementary medicine
(165 times)
Complementary Therapies
(54 times)
QoL (6 times)
IP (5 times)
ALSWH (4 times)
1995 Complementary medicine: common misconceptions.
18  center of mass
(164 times)
Physiology
(40 times)
CP (10 times)
UCM (5 times)
APA (4 times)
1980 Experimental evidence of a strategy for a beat swing prior to a kip.
19  Chiari malformation
(142 times)
Neurosurgery
(42 times)
SM (33 times)
MRI (17 times)
CKCS (16 times)
1993 [Arnold-Chiari malformation in adults. Development of diagnostic conditions since the availability of MRI].
20  canola meal
(122 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(96 times)
SBM (59 times)
SID (20 times)
CP (17 times)
1988 Biotin bioavailability of protein supplements and cereal grains for starting turkey poults.
21  confocal microscopy
(108 times)
Ophthalmology
(35 times)
SEM (15 times)
AFM (7 times)
TEM (6 times)
1996 Application of in vivo confocal microscopy to the understanding of surfactant-induced ocular irritation.
22  cavernous malformation
(106 times)
Neurosurgery
(51 times)
AVM (14 times)
DVA (11 times)
MRI (8 times)
1993 Intraventricular cavernous malformation associated with medullary venous malformation.
23  chicken manure
(103 times)
Environmental Health
(57 times)
SS (14 times)
CS (13 times)
PM (12 times)
2001 Batch co-digestion of multi-component agro-wastes.
24  carboxymethyl
(97 times)
Biochemistry
(22 times)
DEAE (10 times)
SDS-PAGE (8 times)
HPLC (4 times)
1969 Studies on the prekallikrein (kallikreinogen)--kallikrein enzyme system of human plasma. I. Isolation and purification of plasma kallikreins.
25  culture medium
(96 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
EGF (4 times)
FF (4 times)
MSCs (4 times)
1981 Glial-released proteins: II. Two-dimensional electrophoretic identification of proteins regulated by hydrocortisone.
26  centromedian
(92 times)
Neurology
(39 times)
Pf (20 times)
VL (15 times)
CL (13 times)
1968 Thalamic projection of muscle nerve afferents in the cat.
27  circular muscle
(84 times)
Physiology
(35 times)
LM (43 times)
ICC (10 times)
EFS (7 times)
1984 Mechanical and electrical activity of esophageal smooth muscle during peristalsis.
28  cross-metathesis
(79 times)
Chemistry
(39 times)
RCM (19 times)
ROMP (9 times)
NHC (3 times)
2001 Kinetically controlled cross-metathesis reactions with high E-olefin selectivities.
29  collagen membrane
(77 times)
Dentistry
(56 times)
DBBM (14 times)
GBR (13 times)
CAL (11 times)
2002 Comparison of calcium alginate film with collagen membrane for guided bone regeneration in mandibular defects in rabbits.
30  collagen matrix
(75 times)
Dentistry
(54 times)
CTG (15 times)
CAF (13 times)
SCTG (10 times)
1984 Evaluation of transected spinal cord regeneration in the rat.
31  contrast material
(74 times)
Radiology
(43 times)
CTA (11 times)
CT (8 times)
HU (7 times)
1986 [Contrast media in angiography: present and future].
32  cytoplasmic membrane
(74 times)
Microbiology
(24 times)
OM (31 times)
PG (7 times)
ICM (6 times)
1981 Penicillin-binding proteins of Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides and their membrane localization.
33  cell membrane
(72 times)
Drug Therapy
(8 times)
CW (10 times)
DAP (10 times)
MRSA (9 times)
1974 Protein fraction with immunogenic potential and low toxicity isolated from the cell wall of Neisseria meningitidis group B.
34  cutaneous mastocytosis
(70 times)
Dermatology
(19 times)
SM (30 times)
MCs (12 times)
MC (11 times)
2001 Clinical and histopathological aspects of cutaneous mastocytosis.
35  cervical mucus
(68 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(49 times)
CC (7 times)
PCT (7 times)
Ig (5 times)
1975 Antibodies to spermatozoa. V. Antibody activity in human cervical mucus.
36  cisterna magna
(65 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(15 times)
CSF (17 times)
SAH (8 times)
IT (7 times)
1982 A further study of the cardiovascular responses to central administration of acetylcholine in rats.
37  corticomotoneuronal
(65 times)
Neurology
(39 times)
EMG (17 times)
PSF (10 times)
RM (6 times)
1976 The development of motor control in the rhesus monkey: evidence concerning the role of corticomotoneuronal connections.
38  cattle manure
(64 times)
Environmental Health
(35 times)
CF (6 times)
FW (6 times)
PM (6 times)
2005 Composting of a solid olive-mill by-product ("alperujo") and the potential of the resulting compost for cultivating pepper under commercial conditions.
39  congenital malformations
(64 times)
Medicine
(10 times)
CI (4 times)
ART (3 times)
CH (3 times)
1977 Congenital malformations in diabetic offspring.
40  central memory
(61 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(17 times)
EM (39 times)
cART (4 times)
GVHD (4 times)
2004 Age-associated change in the frequency of memory CD4+ T cells impairs long term CD4+ T cell responses to influenza vaccine.
41  chorismate mutase
(57 times)
Biochemistry
(20 times)
DAH7PS (4 times)
PDT (4 times)
Phe (4 times)
1988 Purification and characterization of an inducible aromatic amino acid-sensitive form of chorismate mutase from Solanum tuberosum L. tubers.
42  conservative management
(55 times)
General Surgery
(9 times)
CI (5 times)
CT (4 times)
SIJ (4 times)
2005 Prenatal diagnosis and management of intrauterine growth restriction: A long-term prospective study on outcome and maternal stress.
43  ciliary muscle
(53 times)
Ophthalmology
(46 times)
TM (31 times)
IOP (12 times)
HTM (4 times)
1986 Quantitative analysis of 'plaque material' between ciliary muscle tips in normal- and glaucomatous eyes.
44  cervical myelopathy
(52 times)
Orthopedics
(19 times)
MRI (9 times)
DTI (5 times)
JOA (5 times)
1990 Ataxia in Swedish warmblood and standardbred horses. A radiologic and pathology study.
45  cardiometabolic
(51 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(9 times)
WC (7 times)
BMI (6 times)
MetS (6 times)
2009 [Vitamins and minerals with antioxidant properties and cardiometabolic risk: controversies and perspectives].
46  conjunctival melanoma
(47 times)
Ophthalmology
(24 times)
UM (7 times)
HR (3 times)
MMC (3 times)
2006 Conjunctival melanoma in a six-year-old female.
47  cow manure
(47 times)
Environmental Health
(21 times)
PM (8 times)
AD (6 times)
FW (5 times)
2007 Dehydrogenase activity in Lumbricus terrestris casts and surrounding soil affected by addition of different organic wastes and Zn.
48  cochlear microphonic potential
(44 times)
Otolaryngology
(19 times)
CAP (8 times)
EP (8 times)
SP (4 times)
1975 [Evoked response audiometry of the guinea pig before and after drop in hearing induced by furosemid (author's transl)].
49  complete medium
(42 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
LAK (4 times)
MM (4 times)
NK (4 times)
1975 A comparison of chromosomal radiosensitivities of somatic cells of mouse and man.
50  choroidal melanoma
(41 times)
Ophthalmology
(21 times)
BT (4 times)
OCTA (4 times)
OCT (3 times)
2005 Improved pharmacokinetics, biodistribution and necrosis in vivo using a new near infra-red photosensitizer: tetrahydroporphyrin tetratosylat.
51  conus medullaris
(41 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
MRI (4 times)
CE (3 times)
DS (3 times)
1996 [Syringomyelia, scoliosis and idiopathic Arnold-Chiari malformations: a common etiology].
52  calmodulin
(39 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
MLCKase (8 times)
PDE (5 times)
TFP (4 times)
1980 Activation of skeletal muscle myosin light chain kinase by calcium(2+) and calmodulin.
53  cuticular membrane
(37 times)
Botany
(18 times)
SCL (3 times)
BSEP (2 times)
CL (2 times)
1976 Water permeability of isolated cuticular membranes: The effect of cuticular waxes on diffusion of water.
54  cerebral metastases
(36 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
HGG (4 times)
FL (3 times)
SCCs (3 times)
1991 [A descriptive study of 105 patients with cerebral metastasis].
55  Constant-Murley
(36 times)
Orthopedics
(19 times)
ASES (11 times)
VAS (5 times)
ROM (4 times)
2008 [Surgical management of proximal humeral fractures using the Hackethal (Zifko) method--a case review].
56  concept mapping
(35 times)
Health Services Research
(7 times)
PBL (3 times)
e-cig (2 times)
ECIGs (2 times)
2004 Stress among allogeneic bone marrow transplantation patients.
57  chloroform-methanol
(34 times)
Virology
(6 times)
C.b (4 times)
i.p (4 times)
TCAE (3 times)
1977 Studies on membrane receptor sites for serotonin in the brain.
58  centromedian nucleus
(33 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
MD (7 times)
DBS (6 times)
EEG (4 times)
1983 Connections of the mesencephalic locomotor region (MLR) II. Afferents and efferents.
59  curcumin
(33 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
NPs (3 times)
VDR (3 times)
mPEG (2 times)
2010 Characterization and cytotoxicity of self-organized assemblies of curcumin and amphiphatic poly(ethylene glycol).
60  capillary malformation
(31 times)
Dermatology
(15 times)
LM (6 times)
VM (6 times)
AVM (5 times)
2002 Locus for susceptibility for familial capillary malformation ('port-wine stain') maps to 5q.
61  Cryptococcal meningoencephalitis
(31 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
CSF (7 times)
MRI (5 times)
CNS (4 times)
1989 Cryptococcal meningoencephalitis presenting transient focal cerebral symptoms.
62  carrier multiplication
(30 times)
Nanotechnology
(11 times)
NCs (7 times)
MEG (3 times)
QDs (3 times)
2007 Carrier multiplication in InAs nanocrystal quantum dots with an onset defined by the energy conservation limit.
63  cardiac myxoma
(29 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
AEG-1 (2 times)
IGF-1 (2 times)
MEF2D (2 times)
1977 An ultrastructural study of seven cardiac myxomas.
64  case manager
(29 times)
Nursing
(5 times)
J-CHiP (2 times)
UC (2 times)
ACDs (1 time)
1997 Styles of case management: the philosophy and practice of case managers.
65  complete mole
(29 times)
Gynecology
(16 times)
PM (24 times)
GTD (7 times)
HA (5 times)
1996 Clinicopathologic study of tetraploid hydropic villous tissues.
66  congenital myopathies
(29 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
CNM (4 times)
CMD (3 times)
CMS (2 times)
1985 Fibronectin, laminin, type I, III and IV collagens in Duchenne's muscular dystrophy, congenital muscular dystrophies and congenital myopathies: an immunocytochemical study.
67  conventional management
(29 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
ET (4 times)
ROP (4 times)
CD (3 times)
2000 Respiratory function in survivors of the United Kingdom Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Trial.
68  camel milk
(28 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
SOD (5 times)
IR (4 times)
CAT (3 times)
2009 Quality and acceptability of a set-type yogurt made from camel milk.
69  CarboMedics
(27 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
SJM (11 times)
MH (4 times)
MVR (4 times)
1992 Carbomedics and St. Jude Medical bileaflet valves: an in vitro and in vivo comparison.
70  continuous manufacturing
(27 times)
Pharmacology
(24 times)
RTD (5 times)
PAT (4 times)
NIR (3 times)
2014 Achieving continuous manufacturing: technologies and approaches for synthesis, workup, and isolation of drug substance. May 20-21, 2014 Continuous Manufacturing Symposium.
71  community mobilization
(26 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(6 times)
IPC (8 times)
MM (6 times)
DDEs (4 times)
2003 Changing community behaviour: experience from three African countries.
72  Cardiac memory
(25 times)
Cardiology
(20 times)
LV (5 times)
RVA (4 times)
VCG (4 times)
1998 Evolution and resolution of long-term cardiac memory.
73  Cordyceps militaris
(25 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
AD (2 times)
iNOS (2 times)
NO (2 times)
2004 Effect of medicinal plant extracts on forced swimming capacity in mice.
74  codling moth
(24 times)
Science
(4 times)
CpGV (5 times)
MD (3 times)
SNPs (2 times)
2001 In vitro metabolism of aflatoxin B1 by larvae of navel orangeworm, Amyelois transitella (Walker) (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Pyralidae) and codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.) (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Tortricidae).
75  Coccidioidomycosis
(23 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
DCM (2 times)
EIA (2 times)
AGID (1 time)
2000 Coccidioidomycosis in travelers returning from Mexico--Pennsylvania, 2000.
76  cremaster muscle
(23 times)
General Surgery
(11 times)
GFN (4 times)
EMG (3 times)
CGRP (2 times)
1998 Contractility and electrophysiological parameters of cremaster muscles of boys with a hernia or undescended testis.
77  cytokine mixture
(23 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
iNOS (8 times)
NO (6 times)
LPS (4 times)
1998 Cytokine-mediated transcriptional induction of the human inducible nitric oxide synthase gene requires both activator protein 1 and nuclear factor kappaB-binding sites.
78  carboxymethylated
(22 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
ASPs (2 times)
ALKP (1 time)
ATRA (1 time)
1975 [Selected carboxymethylation of ferri-hemoglobin from insect larvae Chironomus thummi thummi].
79  clinical management
(22 times)
Psychiatry
(12 times)
CBT (5 times)
IPT (5 times)
GPT (4 times)
1992 Course of depressive symptoms over follow-up. Findings from the National Institute of Mental Health Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program.
80  control males
(22 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
CF (5 times)
FM (3 times)
CVD (2 times)
1987 Metabolic effects of short-term fasting in obese hyperglycaemic humans and mice.
81  Carcinomatous meningitis
(21 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
CSF (5 times)
EGFR (2 times)
ALL (1 time)
1995 Carcinomatous meningitis: clinical manifestations and management.
82  corticomedullary
(21 times)
Abdomen
(7 times)
NG (8 times)
AUC (7 times)
ccRCC (5 times)
1991 The kidney of tapirs: a macroscopical study.
83  countermeasure
(21 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
HDT (4 times)
HDBR (3 times)
CON (2 times)
1994 Reduced spontaneous baroreflex response slope during lower body negative pressure after 28 days of head-down bed rest.
84  camostat mesilate
(20 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
ENaC (2 times)
HYD (2 times)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
1989 [Study on the trophic effect of camostate mesilate on ethionine-induced pancreatic injury rat].
85  contrast-modulated
(20 times)
Ophthalmology
(16 times)
LM (14 times)
CE (1 time)
IC (1 time)
1989 On the mechanism that encodes the movement of contrast variations: velocity discrimination.
86  central midfielders
(19 times)
Sports Medicine
(8 times)
CD (12 times)
WM (8 times)
FB (6 times)
2016 High-intensity efforts in elite soccer matches and associated movement patterns, technical skills and tactical actions. Information for position-specific training drills.
87  coccidioidal meningitis
(19 times)
Communicable Diseases
(7 times)
CSF (5 times)
CNS (2 times)
ABLC (1 time)
1988 Imidazole therapy of coccidioidal meningitis in children.
88  continuous mode
(19 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
MEC (3 times)
bST (2 times)
DP (2 times)
2003 Reduction of blood pressure response during strength training through intermittent muscle relaxations.
89  carbonaceous materials
(18 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
HOCs (2 times)
PAHs (2 times)
TCE (2 times)
2003 On the characterization of disordered and heterogeneous carbonaceous materials by Raman spectroscopy.
90  chondrogenic medium
(18 times)
Biotechnology
(6 times)
ECM (5 times)
MSCs (4 times)
GDF5 (3 times)
2005 Do adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells have the same osteogenic and chondrogenic potential as bone marrow-derived cells?
91  citrulline malate
(18 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
PL (5 times)
BP (2 times)
GVT (2 times)
2002 Citrulline/malate promotes aerobic energy production in human exercising muscle.
92  medium conditioned
(18 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
bFGF (2 times)
DRG (2 times)
AF (1 time)
1985 Detection of synergistic factor and interleukin-3 activity in the serum and ascites fluid of mice bearing the WEHI-3 tumour.
93  carbamate
(17 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
OP (14 times)
AChE (2 times)
CI (2 times)
2007 Cholinesterase-based dipstick assay for the detection of organophosphate and carbamate pesticides.
94  cimetidine
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
PB (4 times)
Sc (3 times)
CP (2 times)
1979 Synergistic actions of propantheline bromide with cimetidine and thiopropazate hydrochloride in the prevention of stress ulcer formation in rats.
95  consistent mapping
(17 times)
Psychology
(17 times)
VM (11 times)
AAR (2 times)
CHI (2 times)
1982 Automatic and controlled attention processes in auditory target detection.
96  copra meal
(17 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
SBM (5 times)
AID (3 times)
PKM (3 times)
1995 Comparison of three methods for the determination of aflatoxin in copra meal.
97  cardiac mortality
(16 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
ACM (13 times)
PCI (11 times)
CAD (8 times)
2003 Predictors of cardiac and noncardiac mortality among 14,697 patients with coronary heart disease.
98  cellulose membrane
(16 times)
Polysaccharides
(3 times)
SEM (3 times)
XPS (3 times)
AFM (2 times)
2004 Vitamin E-loaded dialyzer resets PBMC-operated cytokine network in dialysis patients.
99  complete hydatidiform mole
(16 times)
Pathology
(11 times)
PM (13 times)
HM (5 times)
HA (4 times)
1989 The biology of tetraploid hydatidiform moles: histopathology, cytogenetics, and flow cytometry.
100  creatine monohydrate
(16 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
PL (3 times)
CEE (2 times)
LOV (2 times)
2001 Creatine-dextrose and protein-dextrose induce similar strength gains during training.