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Abbreviation: CN
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Long forms: 1144

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
cognitively normal
(507 times)
Neurology
(224 times)
AD (317 times)
MCI (232 times)
aMCI (64 times)
1989 Nutritional status of free-living Alzheimer's patients.
calcineurin
(350 times)
Biochemistry
(100 times)
CsA (61 times)
NFAT (40 times)
CNA (27 times)
1986 Modulation of calcineurin phosphotyrosyl protein phosphatase activity by calmodulin and protease treatment.
caudate nucleus
(349 times)
Neurology
(118 times)
SN (68 times)
DA (41 times)
GP (31 times)
1975 Responses of fastigial nucleus neurones to stimulation of the caudate nucleus in the cat.
cochlear nucleus
(338 times)
Neurology
(126 times)
IC (65 times)
DCN (34 times)
SOC (32 times)
1975 Fine structure and distribution of axon terminals from the cochlear nucleus on neurons in the medial superior olivary nucleus of the cat.
cranial nerve
(306 times)
Neurosurgery
(95 times)
MRI (29 times)
CPA (13 times)
CT (11 times)
1987 The incidence of extraocular muscle and cranial nerve palsy in orbital floor blow-out fractures.
copy number
(290 times)
Neoplasms
(72 times)
CNV (25 times)
LOH (19 times)
CNVs (14 times)
1993 Mutations in the gene encoding the replication-initiation protein of plasmid RK2 produce elevated copy numbers of RK2 derivatives in Escherichia coli and distantly related bacteria.
cyanide
(200 times)
Toxicology
(44 times)
CO (14 times)
AOX (12 times)
2-DG (11 times)
1970 Evidence for an electrogenic ion transport pump in cells of higher plants.
control
(175 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(20 times)
SZ (21 times)
ID (20 times)
AD (18 times)
1989 Interactions of iron deficiency and exercise training in male Sprague-Dawley rats: ferrokinetics and hematology.
carbon nitride
(146 times)
Chemistry
(69 times)
RhB (6 times)
DFT (4 times)
HER (4 times)
2001 Tetragonal crystalline carbon nitrides: theoretical predictions.
10  cavernous nerve
(133 times)
Urology
(77 times)
ED (56 times)
ICP (38 times)
MPG (19 times)
1991 Maintenance of erection of penile glans, but not penile body, after transection of rat cavernous nerves.
11  cytoreductive nephrectomy
(131 times)
Urology
(65 times)
mRCC (86 times)
OS (59 times)
CI (22 times)
2006 Laparoscopic cytoreductive nephrectomy: the M. D. Anderson Cancer Center experience.
12  Charcot neuroarthropathy
(112 times)
Orthopedics
(27 times)
DM (12 times)
PAD (5 times)
DPN (4 times)
2004 [Early development of Charcot neuroarthropathy in the course of compensated diabetes mellitus--case report].
13  congenital nystagmus
(89 times)
Ophthalmology
(56 times)
MLN (5 times)
OKN (3 times)
SSN (3 times)
1975 Congenital nystagmus waveforms and foveation strategy.
14  coordination number
(88 times)
Chemistry
(46 times)
EXAFS (12 times)
DFT (9 times)
XANES (7 times)
2000 Difference spatial distribution function analysis of aqueous solutions. III. Hydration structures of alcohol and ether solutions having straight chain and branched alkyl groups.
15  casein
(87 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(51 times)
beta-LG (8 times)
SCC (4 times)
SP (4 times)
1993 Serum antibody response elicited by a casein diet is directed to only limited determinants of alpha s1-casein.
16  central neurocytoma
(67 times)
Neurology
(26 times)
GTR (5 times)
STR (5 times)
EVN (3 times)
1991 Neuroradiology of central neurocytoma.
17  cerebellar nuclei
(57 times)
Neurology
(24 times)
PC (10 times)
IO (8 times)
PCs (4 times)
1978 Electrophysiological studies of two types of thalamo-cortical neurones and their responses to stimulation of mesencephalic reticular formation.
18  cytogenetically normal
(55 times)
Neoplasms
(30 times)
AML (44 times)
OS (24 times)
CR (9 times)
2007 Long-term disease-free survivors with cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia and MLL partial tandem duplication: a Cancer and Leukemia Group B study.
19  cognitively normal subjects
(53 times)
Neurology
(29 times)
AD (45 times)
MCI (23 times)
aMCI (9 times)
2007 Atrophy rates accelerate in amnestic mild cognitive impairment.
20  congenital neutropenia
(46 times)
Hematology
(34 times)
G-CSF (12 times)
AML (6 times)
ANC (6 times)
1977 HLA-D compatibility between parent and child: increased occurrence in severe combined immunodeficiency and other hematopoietic diseases.
21  cochlear nerve
(45 times)
Otolaryngology
(22 times)
MRI (13 times)
CND (11 times)
IAC (10 times)
1980 Mechanical and neural interactions between binaurally applied sounds in cat cochlear nerve fibers.
22  conformation number
(43 times)
Neoplasms
(17 times)
HI (17 times)
PTV (12 times)
CI (11 times)
2004 Quality of permanent prostate implants using automated delivery with seedSelectron versus manual insertion of RAPID Strands.
23  1-chloronaphthalene
(40 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(12 times)
DIO (9 times)
DOP (9 times)
PCE (8 times)
2003 Biodegradation of chloronaphthalenes and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by the white-rot fungus Phlebia lindtneri.
24  cyano
(40 times)
Chemistry
(18 times)
BO (4 times)
SiN (3 times)
BT (2 times)
1987 Automated solid-phase extraction and high-performance liquid chromatographic determination of ranitidine from urine, plasma and peritoneal dialysate.
25  cyclic neutropenia
(37 times)
Hematology
(19 times)
G-CSF (7 times)
SCN (6 times)
CH (2 times)
1975 Canine cyclic neutropenia: Erythropoietin and platelet cycles after bone marrow transplantation.
26  cast nephropathy
(36 times)
Nephrology
(12 times)
MM (9 times)
AKI (5 times)
NAC (5 times)
1991 Persistent CT nephrogram: significance in the diagnosis of contrast nephropathy--an update.
27  control group
(36 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
TNF-alpha (3 times)
CAT (2 times)
DBP (2 times)
1995 Long-term ethanol exposure impairs glycosylation of both N- and O-glycosylated proteins in rat liver.
28  cystic nephroma
(36 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
MEST (9 times)
PPB (8 times)
CPDN (7 times)
1989 Multilocular cyst of the kidney (cystic nephroma) and cystic, partially differentiated nephroblastoma. Terminology and criteria for diagnosis.
29  clinically normal
(35 times)
Neurology
(24 times)
AD (23 times)
MCI (13 times)
PiB (9 times)
2011 Amyloid-beta associated cortical thinning in clinically normal elderly.
30  beta-casein
(33 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(19 times)
ACE (3 times)
LG (3 times)
AA (2 times)
1997 Structural studies on casein micelles of human milk: dissociation of beta-casein of different phosphorylation levels induced by cooling and ethylenediaminetetraacetate.
31  1-chloroacetophenone
(29 times)
Toxicology
(10 times)
OC (4 times)
RCAs (2 times)
BALF (1 time)
1975 The comparative ophthalmic toxicology of 1-chloroacetophenone (CN) and dibenz(b.f)-1:4-oxazepine(CR).
32  central nucleus
(23 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
IC (7 times)
CS (5 times)
LN (3 times)
1981 Neurogenetic gradients in the superior and inferior colliculi of the rhesus monkey.
33  Crigler-Najjar
(23 times)
Genetics, Medical
(5 times)
B-UGT (4 times)
AAV (1 time)
AAVs (1 time)
1992 The novel bilirubin/phenol UDP-glucuronosyltransferase UGT1 gene locus: implications for multiple nonhemolytic familial hyperbilirubinemia phenotypes.
34  cyclic nucleotides
(23 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
PDE (3 times)
PG (3 times)
LC (2 times)
1982 Cyclic nucleotides in cerebrospinal fluid of patients with intracranial and spinal tumors.
35  alphaS1-casein
(20 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(18 times)
LA (2 times)
PD (2 times)
alpha-LA (1 time)
1998 No evidence for basolateral secretion of milk protein in the mammary gland of lactating goats.
36  cyanopropyl
(20 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(12 times)
HPLC (5 times)
SPE (2 times)
AMI (1 time)
1984 Separation of some neutral lipids by normal-phase high-performance liquid chromatography on a cyanopropyl column: ubiquinone, dolichol, and cholesterol levels in sheep liver.
37  conformity number
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
HI (11 times)
VMAT (9 times)
CI (8 times)
2011 Volumetric modulated arc planning for lung stereotactic body radiotherapy using conventional and unflattened photon beams: a dosimetric comparison with 3D technique.
38  calcified nodule
(17 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
OCT (8 times)
PR (7 times)
PCI (6 times)
2014 Biophysical analysis of dystrophic and osteogenic models of valvular calcification.
39  communal nest
(17 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(8 times)
SN (11 times)
BDNF (3 times)
PAE (2 times)
2006 Early social enrichment augments adult hippocampal BDNF levels and survival of BrdU-positive cells while increasing anxiety- and "depression"-like behavior.
40  cyano radical
(16 times)
Chemistry
(15 times)
SiN (3 times)
HCCNSi (2 times)
AIMD (1 time)
2005 Short-time Fourier transform analysis of ab initio molecular dynamics simulation: collision reaction between CN and C4H6.
41  cerium nitrate
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
SSD (3 times)
CM (2 times)
BPT (1 time)
1998 Comparative in vitro activity of silver sulfadiazine, alone and in combination with cerium nitrate, against staphylococci and gram-negative bacteria.
42  culture-negative
(15 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
CP (10 times)
PJI (6 times)
Bp (1 time)
2003 Diagnostic testing and discharge coding for whooping cough in a children's hospital.
43  cetane number
(14 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(7 times)
FAME (4 times)
CFPP (3 times)
HHV (3 times)
2009 Environmentally friendly efficient coupling of n-heptane by sulfated tri-component metal oxides in slurry bubble column reactor.
44  kappa-casein
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
alpha-LA (3 times)
LG (2 times)
MCP (2 times)
1998 Micelle stability: kappa-casein structure and function.
45  carbon nanoparticle
(13 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
PGs (3 times)
PTC (2 times)
PTH (2 times)
2013 Protection of parathyroid function using carbon nanoparticles during thyroid surgery.
46  cinnarizine
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
SNEDDS (3 times)
DSC (2 times)
NIC (2 times)
1990 [Application of gastric acidity-controlled beagle dog to bioavailability study of cinnarizine].
47  cochlear nuclear complex
(13 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
NMDA (3 times)
APV (2 times)
D alpha AA (2 times)
1977 Descending connections between superior olivary and cochlear nuclear complexes in the cat studied by autoradiographic and horseradish peroxidase methods.
48  collagen
(13 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
FN (7 times)
LN (5 times)
ECM (2 times)
1988 Effect of polylysine-bound laminin on human retinoblastoma cell lines.
49  corneal neovascularization
(13 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
VEGF (3 times)
AE (1 time)
CAM (1 time)
2001 Impact of short-term versus long-term topical steroids on corneal neovascularization after non-high-risk keratoplasty.
50  curve number
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
GIS (2 times)
L-THIA (2 times)
LEC (2 times)
1992 Derivation of unit and flood hydrographs using a gis.
51  Clarke's nucleus
(12 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
NT-3 (3 times)
BDNF (2 times)
CNS (2 times)
1994 NMDA receptor blockade rescues Clarke's and red nucleus neurons after spinal hemisection.
52  coagulation necrosis
(12 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
CBN (3 times)
LTP (2 times)
RF (2 times)
1987 Quantitative analysis of contraction band and coagulation necrosis after ischemia and reperfusion in the porcine heart.
53  concentric needle
(12 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
MUAPs (5 times)
EMG (4 times)
MUs (2 times)
1988 EMG of reinnervated motor units: a simulation study.
54  congenital nevi
(12 times)
Dermatology
(5 times)
SSM (2 times)
5-S-CD (1 time)
BN (1 time)
1991 The management of congenital pigmented nevi.
55  containing Fe
(12 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
EIS (2 times)
CV (1 time)
EHCF (1 time)
2003 The electronic structure and spectrum of Mo(CN)8(3-).
56  contortrostatin
(12 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
BSA (1 time)
CF (1 time)
EC (1 time)
2002 A novel snake venom disintegrin that inhibits human ovarian cancer dissemination and angiogenesis in an orthotopic nude mouse model.
57  4-chloro-1-naphthol
(11 times)
Histocytochemistry
(4 times)
DAB (4 times)
HRP (4 times)
PAP (3 times)
1981 Unlabeled antibody peroxidase-antiperoxidase method combined with direct immunofluorescence.
58  cellulose nitrate
(11 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
CA (3 times)
LC (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
1980 [Medical radiography with fast neutrons (author's transl)].
59  community nurses
(11 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
GP (2 times)
QoL (2 times)
AGB (1 time)
2000 The development and testing of information system for community nursing.
60  Crigler-Najjar syndrome
(11 times)
Genetics, Medical
(3 times)
UGT (3 times)
AAV (1 time)
AAV8 (1 time)
1992 Identification of a genetic alteration in the code for bilirubin UDP-glucuronosyltransferase in the UGT1 gene complex of a Crigler-Najjar type I patient.
61  carbon number
(10 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
TAG (3 times)
ECN (2 times)
GC (2 times)
2002 Variability in fatty acid and triacylglycerol composition of the oil of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) hybrids and their parentals.
62  cognition
(10 times)
Geriatrics
(3 times)
MCI (8 times)
AD (7 times)
ADNI (3 times)
2017 Measurement of Functional Cognition and Complex Everyday Activities in Older Adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment and Mild Dementia: Validity of the Large Allen's Cognitive Level Screen.
63  concentration
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AB-14 (2 times)
Co (2 times)
COD (2 times)
1985 Quantitative selection of denitrifying bacteria in continuous cultures and requirement for organic carbon. II. Maltose.
64  corn
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
DDGS (3 times)
DG (3 times)
CS (2 times)
2010 Prepartum dietary energy source fed to beef cows: I. Effects on pre- and postpartum cow performance.
65  current of Fe
(10 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
CV (2 times)
BSA (1 time)
CF-PS-b-PMMA (1 time)
2004 Electrochemical characteristics of the immobilization of calf thymus DNA molecules on multi-walled carbon nanotubes.
66  carbon nanotube
(9 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
GelMA (2 times)
15-ADON (1 time)
3-ADON (1 time)
2000 The cell biological application of carbon nanotube probes for atomic force microscopy: comparative studies of malaria-infected erythrocytes.
67  chronic nephritis
(9 times)
Therapeutics
(2 times)
CGN (2 times)
HBV (2 times)
HBV-GN (2 times)
1994 [The antiproteinuric action of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors in chronic glomerulonephritis and diabetic nephropathy].
68  cirrhotic nodules
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
HCC (8 times)
DN (3 times)
NLT (3 times)
1989 State of hepatitis B viral genomes in cirrhotic and hepatocellular carcinoma nodules.
69  colloid nodules
(9 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
FA (4 times)
HN (3 times)
ATC (2 times)
1994 [Preoperative cytodiagnosis by needle aspiration of follicular thyroid lesions].
70  cellulose nanocrystals
(8 times)
Carbohydrates
(2 times)
AFM (2 times)
CNM (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2010 Nanofiber composites of polyvinyl alcohol and cellulose nanocrystals: manufacture and characterization.
71  cervical neoplasia
(8 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
NCN (2 times)
AGC (1 time)
CIN (1 time)
1992 Association between HIV infection and cervical neoplasia: implications for clinical care of women at risk for both conditions.
72  China
(8 times)
Pharmacological Phenomena
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
EE (2 times)
IN (2 times)
2010 Does epigenetic polymorphism contribute to phenotypic variances in Jatropha curcas L.?
73  chitosan
(8 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
SEM (3 times)
FTIR (2 times)
AP (1 time)
2014 Pearl shaped highly sensitive Mn3O4 nanocomposite interface for biosensor applications.
74  chitosan nanoparticles
(8 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
5-ALA (1 time)
AC (1 time)
APTT (1 time)
2008 Colorectal cancer cell detection by 5-aminolaevulinic acid-loaded chitosan nano-particles.
75  cholemic nephropathy
(8 times)
Kidney Diseases
(2 times)
BDL (3 times)
AKI (2 times)
AQP2 (1 time)
1995 Thromboxane synthase expression in renal transplant patients with rejection.
76  common naevi
(8 times)
Dermatology
(6 times)
DN (5 times)
5-S-CD (1 time)
AD (1 time)
1986 Malignant melanoma--its precursors and its topography of proliferation. DNA-Feulgen-cytophotometry and mitosis index.
77  condensation nuclei
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
CCN (4 times)
BC (2 times)
ACHEX (1 time)
2001 Source regions for atmospheric aerosol measured at Barrow, Alaska.
78  cortical necrosis
(8 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
ADC (1 time)
AR (1 time)
ATN (1 time)
1982 Different functional characteristics of residual nephrons in infantile vs adult diffuse cortical necrosis.
79  cell number
(7 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
HCA (2 times)
MMP (2 times)
MR (2 times)
1996 Noninvasive dopamine determination by reversed phase HPLC in the medium of free-floating roller tube cultures of rat fetal ventral mesencephalon: a tool to assess dopaminergic tissue prior to grafting.
80  chemonucleolysis
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
APLD (2 times)
CENTRAL (2 times)
MED (2 times)
1985 Prospective evaluation of chymopapain sensitivity in patients undergoing chemonucleolysis.
81  coagulase-negative
(7 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
CP (3 times)
MIC (2 times)
BFMR (1 time)
1981 Characterization of staphylococci isolated from goats. 2. Differentiation from human strains: fibrinolytic activities and beta-haemolysin production.
82  colorectal neoplasia
(7 times)
Epidemiology
(2 times)
CRC (2 times)
AA (1 time)
CBC (1 time)
2012 Type 2 diabetes mellitus and gender-specific risk for colorectal neoplasia.
83  concentration of Fe
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ASGM (1 time)
ea (1 time)
FAD-GDH (1 time)
1981 Kinetic data for redox reactions of cytochrome c with Fe(CN)5X complexes and the question of association prior to electron transfer.
84  contrast-induced nephropathy
(7 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
SCr (2 times)
ARI (1 time)
AZ (1 time)
2002 The role of theophylline in contrast-induced nephropathy: a case-control study.
85  corn oil
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
CA (6 times)
OL (5 times)
RO (4 times)
1989 Combined effects of aerobic exercise and omega-3 fatty acids in hyperlipidemic persons.
86  Cu(n)
(7 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
CuCN (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
TDDFT (1 time)
2002 Metal Cyanide Ions Mx(CN)y]+,- in the gas phase: M = Fe, Co, Ni, Zn, Cd, Hg, Fe + Ag, Co + Ag.
87  L-carnitine
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
BWG (2 times)
AF (1 time)
alpha-TOH (1 time)
1994 Effect of L-carnitine and acylcarnitine derivatives on the proliferation and monoclonal antibody production of mouse hybridoma cells in culture.
88  cellulose nanoparticles
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CNCs (1 time)
CNFs (1 time)
g-dECM (1 time)
2012 Reducing water sensitivity of alginate bio-nanocomposite film using cellulose nanoparticles.
89  chromosome number
(6 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
GTBM (1 time)
ICNH (1 time)
MCs (1 time)
2011 Chromosome number variation in two antipodean floras.
90  chronic nasopharyngitis
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
NPC (6 times)
AUC (2 times)
ANAE (1 time)
1986 [Immunohistochemical and cytochemical analysis of lymphocytes and plasma cells in nasopharyngeal carcinoma].
91  cinchonine
(6 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
CD (4 times)
Cnd (1 time)
EDMA (1 time)
2001 HPTLC method for the estimation of alkaloids of Cinchona officinalis stem bark and its marketed formulations.
92  clear native
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
LHCs (2 times)
BN-PAGE (1 time)
DOC (1 time)
2010 Purification of recombinant growth hormone by clear native gels for conformational analyses: preservation of conformation and receptor binding.
93  Clinacanthus nutans
(6 times)
Science
(2 times)
LPS (3 times)
NMR (2 times)
AECNL (1 time)
2016 Mutagenicity and preclinical safety assessment of the aqueous extract of Clinacanthus nutans leaves.
94  clinical nutrition
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
app (1 time)
CE (1 time)
EBM (1 time)
2001 Clinical nutrition: inadequate teaching in medical schools.
95  cognitively normal individuals
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AD (4 times)
MCI (3 times)
AIBL (1 time)
2006 Extent and distribution of white matter hyperintensities in normal aging, MCI, and AD.
96  Connectedness to Nature
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CFA (1 time)
CG (1 time)
CH (1 time)
2011 Are nature lovers happy? On various indicators of well-being and connectedness with nature.
97  constant for Fe
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
2,6-AQDS (1 time)
FAD-GDH (1 time)
GC (1 time)
1975 Binding of Au(CN)2- and Pt(CN)4-2- to horse liver alcohol dehydrogenase. A 35C1NMR relaxation study.
98  control subjects
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
PAHs (2 times)
8-OHdG (1 time)
AD (1 time)
2011 The evaluation of the oxidative state of low-density lipoproteins in intrauterine growth restriction and preeclampsia.
99  corticosterone
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
OS (4 times)
CBG (3 times)
NWL (3 times)
1987 Disturbed immune-endocrine communication in autoimmune disease. Lack of corticosterone response to immune signals in obese strain chickens with spontaneous autoimmune thyroiditis.
100  omega-chloroacetophenone
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BP (1 time)
CS (1 time)
TGA (1 time)
1972 Sensitization of guinea pigs to alpha-chloroacetophenone (CN) and ortho-chlorobenzylidenemalononitrile (CS), tear gas chemicals.