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Abbreviation: CON
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Long forms: 991

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
control
(3683 times)
Physiology
(659 times)
EX (99 times)
BW (80 times)
DM (79 times)
1975 Occurrence in wild strains of Neurospora crassa of genes controlling genetic recombination.
control group
(892 times)
Physiology
(112 times)
EX (32 times)
MDA (30 times)
SOD (25 times)
1986 Effects of confinement, previous experience and hippocampal damage on the DRL schedule.
control diet
(333 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(107 times)
HFD (22 times)
HF (17 times)
LPS (16 times)
1989 Adaptive response of rats with diet-induced adiposity to energy restriction.
concentric
(193 times)
Physiology
(78 times)
ECC (181 times)
EMG (22 times)
ISO (17 times)
1989 Bilateral eccentric and concentric torque of quadriceps and hamstring muscles in females and males.
condition
(116 times)
Physiology
(42 times)
RPE (5 times)
HIIT (4 times)
PLA (4 times)
1992 The effects of two levels of caffeine ingestion on excess postexercise oxygen consumption in untrained women.
conventional
(105 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(24 times)
ORG (13 times)
INT (6 times)
CABG (5 times)
1987 Creep of amalgam at low stresses.
Certificate of Need
(89 times)
Health Services Research
(23 times)
CABG (7 times)
PCI (6 times)
CAGR (4 times)
1976 The impact of certificate-of need controls on hospital investment.
control rats
(72 times)
Physiology
(18 times)
RES (5 times)
CLA (4 times)
DMI (3 times)
1984 Volume-independent reductions in glomerular filtration rate in acute chloride-depletion alkalosis in the rat. Evidence for mediation by tubuloglomerular feedback.
control subjects
(62 times)
Endocrinology
(15 times)
CMP (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
COPD (2 times)
1981 Exercise performance in marathon runners with airway obstruction.
10  cingulo-opercular network
(56 times)
Psychiatry
(12 times)
FPN (24 times)
DMN (20 times)
FC (9 times)
2011 Cortico-striatal disconnection within the cingulo-opercular network in schizophrenia revealed by intrinsic functional connectivity analysis: a resting fMRI study.
11  compressive optic neuropathy
(43 times)
Ophthalmology
(29 times)
TED (8 times)
RNFL (6 times)
GO (5 times)
1990 Orbital decompression in vision-threatening endocrine-related orbital disease.
12  control trial
(43 times)
Physiology
(19 times)
CHO (4 times)
EX (4 times)
FFA (4 times)
1988 Effect of carbohydrate ingestion on exercise metabolism.
13  continuous
(37 times)
Sports Medicine
(12 times)
INT (16 times)
CYC (3 times)
RPE (3 times)
1983 Determination of maximal aerobic power during upper-body exercise.
14  control treatment
(28 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(15 times)
NDF (3 times)
CP (2 times)
ENZ (2 times)
1992 Research note: influence of ahemeral light:dark cycles on egg traits in brown egg pullets.
15  control session
(23 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
BP (5 times)
RE (3 times)
ARV (2 times)
2008 Hypotensive effects of exercise performed around anaerobic threshold in type 2 diabetic patients.
16  contrast
(19 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
ASM (9 times)
COR (9 times)
GLCM (9 times)
1996 The influence of a relaxation parameter on SPECT iterative reconstruction algorithms.
17  conventional diet
(18 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
A2M (2 times)
AM (2 times)
HG (2 times)
2004 A chronic disease management programme can reduce days in hospital for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
18  concentrate
(16 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
PUFA (2 times)
ADL (1 time)
AL (1 time)
2005 Colour and lipid oxidation changes in dry-cured loins from free-range reared and intensively reared pigs as affected by ionizing radiation dose level.
19  concentration
(16 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
VOL (6 times)
MOT (5 times)
Sec (3 times)
1992 Standardization and comparability of CASA instruments.
20  control participants
(16 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
ACL (2 times)
AT (2 times)
CTS (2 times)
2006 Further evidence of attention bias for negative information in late life depression.
21  corn and soybean meal
(16 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
BW (5 times)
DDGS (4 times)
ADG (2 times)
2003 Effect of supplemental nutrient source on heifer growth and reproductive performance, and on utilization of corn silage-based diets by beef steers.
22  corn-soybean meal basal diet
(15 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
ADG (4 times)
GSH-Px (3 times)
BW (2 times)
2015 Effects of cellulase supplementation to corn soybean meal-based diet on the performance of sows and their piglets.
23  control patients
(14 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
APT (2 times)
CSF (2 times)
CWI (2 times)
1989 Effects of ad libitum and restricted feeding on semen quantity and quality, body composition, and blood chemistry of caged broiler breeder males.
24  control animals
(13 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
CAO (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
BAL (1 time)
1985 Intimal hyperplasia in autogenous vein grafts used for arterial bypass: a canine model.
25  cooling
(13 times)
Sports Medicine
(8 times)
TS (3 times)
SLIV (2 times)
Tm (2 times)
2001 The influence of whole-body vs. torso pre-cooling on physiological strain and performance of high-intensity exercise in the heat.
26  Controls
(12 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
AUC (2 times)
2-DG (1 time)
ACL (1 time)
1984 Serum creatine kinase and alkaline phosphatase in experimental small bowel infarction.
27  Constraint
(11 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
NEM (9 times)
PEM (8 times)
MPQ (4 times)
2002 A developmental perspective on personality in emerging adulthood: childhood antecedents and concurrent adaptation.
28  cingulo-opercular
(10 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
FPN (10 times)
FC (2 times)
DAN (1 time)
2016 Perceptual demand and distraction interactions mediated by task-control networks.
29  contraction
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ACV (2 times)
ADV (2 times)
EC (2 times)
1985 Effects of converting enzyme inhibitors: ramipril and enalapril on peptide action and sympathetic neurotransmission in the isolated heart.
30  control network
(10 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
DMN (6 times)
SAL (6 times)
DAN (5 times)
2013 Divergent task-dependent functional connectivity of executive control and salience networks.
31  Congenital obstructive nephropathy
(9 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
CKD (2 times)
mgb (2 times)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
2010 Pathogenesis of renal injury in the megabladder mouse: a genetic model of congenital obstructive nephropathy.
32  carbogen and nicotinamide
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
RT (3 times)
HR (2 times)
OS (2 times)
1993 Should carbogen and nicotinamide be given throughout the full course of fractionated radiotherapy regimens?
33  college of nursing
(8 times)
Nursing
(6 times)
CHP (1 time)
DNP (1 time)
DNPPOC (1 time)
2000 Development and implementation of a semester program in Mexico for senior nursing students.
34  control handling
(8 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CSS (5 times)
CSD (2 times)
3-HK (1 time)
2012 The physiological and behavioral response of pigs castrated with and without anesthesia or analgesia.
35  contractions
(7 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ECC (4 times)
BMI (1 time)
CA125 (1 time)
2002 Effects of transient muscle contractions and stretching on the tendon structures in vivo.
36  control smokers
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
IPI (2 times)
SCZ (2 times)
BPD (1 time)
2003 Chronic treatment with carvedilol improves ventricular function and reduces myocyte apoptosis in an animal model of heart failure.
37  congruent
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
INC (4 times)
fMRI (2 times)
INCON (2 times)
2004 Functional subdivisions within anterior cingulate cortex and their relationship to autonomic nervous system function.
38  consensus
(6 times)
Virology
(2 times)
COT (2 times)
HIV-1 (2 times)
ANC (1 time)
1997 p53 interference and growth inhibition in p53-mutant and overexpressing endometrial cancer cell lines.
39  containing no supplemental fat
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
FA (4 times)
FR (2 times)
PK (2 times)
2016 Short communication: Lactational responses to palmitic acid supplementation when replacing soyhulls or dry ground corn.
40  control basal diet
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
Ab (1 time)
ADG (1 time)
AP (1 time)
2014 Effect of Bacillus subtilis C-3102 spores as a probiotic feed supplement on growth performance, noxious gas emission, and intestinal microflora in broilers.
41  control intervention
(6 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
ACL (1 time)
BDS (1 time)
BFRRE (1 time)
2014 Remote ischemic preconditioning delays fatigue development during handgrip exercise.
42  control period
(6 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ARV (1 time)
BHB (1 time)
BS (1 time)
2000 Measurement of skeletal status after renal transplantation by quantitative ultrasound.
43  conventional therapy
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
DCCT (3 times)
EDIC (3 times)
INT (3 times)
2002 Early tracheostomy does not improve outcome in burn patients.
44  corn-soybean meal
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
MCs (3 times)
DDGS (2 times)
TBARS (2 times)
2013 Effects of feeding diets containing highly peroxidized distillers dried grains with solubles and increasing vitamin E levels to wean-finish pigs on growth performance, carcass characteristics, and pork fat composition.
45  concentric-only
(5 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
ECC (5 times)
BMC (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
2007 Isokinetic training increases ulnar bending stiffness and bone mineral in young women.
46  concurrent
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
SEQ (2 times)
ACI (1 time)
AEs (1 time)
1995 Interdigitating versus concurrent chemotherapy and radiotherapy for limited small cell lung cancer.
47  control diet with no added Met
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
Met (2 times)
CAT (1 time)
CMR (1 time)
2018 Maternal supply of methionine during late pregnancy is associated with changes in immune function and abundance of microRNA and mRNA in Holstein calf polymorphonuclear leukocytes.
48  control individuals
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
Adr (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
CON neutrophils (1 time)
1994 Fibrinogen, t-PA, and PAI-1 plasma levels in patients with pulmonary hypertension.
49  conventional instruments
(5 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
TKA (4 times)
ABN (2 times)
PSI (2 times)
2014 Comparison between patient-specific instruments and conventional instruments and computer navigation in total knee arthroplasty: a randomized controlled trial.
50  conventional training
(5 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
6MWT (1 time)
AS (1 time)
FAC (1 time)
2005 Biomechanical and physiological comparison of conventional webbing and the M83 assault vest.
51  catheter-over-needle
(4 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
CTN (4 times)
ROM (1 time)
SAX-IP (1 time)
2012 Less leakage and dislodgement with a catheter-over-needle versus a catheter-through-needle approach for peripheral nerve block: an ex vivo study.
52  concentric action
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ECC (4 times)
MAD (2 times)
CK (1 time)
1992 Changes in plasma zinc following high force eccentric exercise.
53  concrete
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
RUB (2 times)
AFS (1 time)
BCS (1 time)
2009 The effect of floor surface on dairy cow immune function and locomotion score.
54  conditions: without IMPA
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
BFR (2 times)
DET (1 time)
IMPA (1 time)
2012 Muscle force recovery in relation to muscle oxygenation.
55  conformation
(4 times)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
FAT (3 times)
CCW (2 times)
ADCG (1 time)
2008 A model with heterogeneous thresholds for subjective traits: fat cover and conformation score in the Pirenaica beef cattle.
56  conservative
(4 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
aa (1 time)
ARDS/ALI (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
2009 Less is more: improved outcomes in surgical patients with conservative fluid administration and central venous catheter monitoring.
57  constant
(4 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
VAR (3 times)
CI (1 time)
CRI (1 time)
2007 Influence of feedback schedule in motor performance and learning of a lumbar multifidus muscle task using rehabilitative ultrasound imaging: a randomized clinical trial.
58  constant load
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
INT (3 times)
HR (1 time)
INC (1 time)
2000 Gender differences in sweat lactate.
59  continent
(4 times)
Urology
(2 times)
PFM (2 times)
SUI (2 times)
COL (1 time)
2014 Exercising for food: bringing the laboratory closer to nature.
60  contralateral
(4 times)
Science
(1 time)
IPS (3 times)
Dm (1 time)
GM (1 time)
2012 Reduced hexokinase II impairs muscle function 2 wk after ischemia-reperfusion through increased cell necrosis and fibrosis.
61  control exercise
(4 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
RIPC (2 times)
BFRE (1 time)
COX (1 time)
2015 Exercise vasodilation is greater in women: contributions of nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase.
62  control fat supplement
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
CLA (5 times)
DIM (2 times)
AT (1 time)
2011 Effects of long-term supplementation of dairy cow diets with rumen-protected conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) on performance, metabolic parameters and fatty acid profile in milk fat.
63  control group was fed basal diet
(4 times)
Animal Diseases
(2 times)
ADG (1 time)
API (1 time)
CAP (1 time)
2020 Effects of Dietary Supplementation with High Fiber (Stevia Residue) on the Fecal Flora of Pregnant Sows.
64  Control hearts
(4 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
PC (2 times)
CAR (1 time)
I/R (1 time)
2003 Sodium-hydrogen exchanger inhibition, pharmacologic ischemic preconditioning, or both for extended cardiac allograft preservation.
65  control test
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
DE (1 time)
DEX (1 time)
EX (1 time)
1996 Comparative effects of acute volume expansion and short-term training on thermal and cardiovascular responses to prolonged exercise.
66  conventional raising system
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
MULTI (2 times)
AWIRS (1 time)
DE (1 time)
2002 A new pedaling design: the Rotor--effects on cycling performance.
67  cornstarch
(4 times)
Food
(2 times)
DCGF (1 time)
DDG (1 time)
DFs (1 time)
2000 The effects of corn milling coproducts on growth performance and diet digestibility by beef cattle.
68  counterparts
(4 times)
Animal Population Groups
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
CARTs (1 time)
DMI (1 time)
2010 Effects of long-term feeding of genetically modified corn (event MON810) on the performance of lactating dairy cows.
69  Canadian Obesity Network
(3 times)
Patient Care Team
(1 time)
GPs (1 time)
IP (1 time)
2008 The Canadian Obesity Network and interprofessional practice: members' views.
70  carrier only
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
DFM (1 time)
FA (1 time)
LA (1 time)
2003 Effects of live cultures of Lactobacillus acidophilus (strains NP45 and NP51) and Propionibacterium freudenreichii on performance, carcass, and intestinal characteristics, and Escherichia coli strain O157 shedding of finishing beef steers.
71  Commission on the Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
CBN (3 times)
1968 IUPAC Commission on the Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry (CON) and IUPAC-IUB Commission on Biochemical Nomenclature (CBN).
72  CON trial
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CHO (1 time)
CISP (1 time)
ET (1 time)
2013 Impact of intensive high-fat ingestion in the early stage of recovery from exercise training on substrate metabolism during exercise in humans.
73  concentrate diet
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
VA (2 times)
WPB (2 times)
FA (1 time)
2015 Fatty acid metabolism in lambs fed citrus pulp.
74  conductivity
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
TDS (2 times)
DO (1 time)
ESB (1 time)
2019 Trends in characteristics of 24-h urine samples and their relevance for human biomonitoring studies - 20 years of experience in the German Environmental Specimen Bank.
75  conidia
(3 times)
Immunity
(1 time)
BALF (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
HAE (1 time)
2006 Animal models for protein respiratory sensitizers.
76  content
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
Ang II (1 time)
DG (1 time)
PKC (1 time)
1989 Effect of ANP on sustained aldosterone secretion stimulated by angiotensin II.
77  continuous exercise
(3 times)
Food
(1 time)
HIIE (2 times)
T1DM (2 times)
BDNF (1 time)
2015 Effects of High-Intensity Interval Exercise versus Moderate Continuous Exercise on Glucose Homeostasis and Hormone Response in Patients with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Using Novel Ultra-Long-Acting Insulin.
78  continuous infusion
(3 times)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
INT (2 times)
eIF (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2018 Intermittent bolus feeding promotes greater lean growth than continuous feeding in a neonatal piglet model.
79  contralateral limb
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AO (1 time)
BTX (1 time)
CL (1 time)
1993 Chronic stimulation-induced changes in mitochondria and performance in rat skeletal muscle.
80  control children
(3 times)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
BBB (1 time)
CC (1 time)
DD (1 time)
2004 Bimanual coordination in alcohol-exposed children: role of the corpus callosum.
81  control hybrid
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
REF (2 times)
2003 Effect of feeding glyphosate-tolerant (roundup-ready events GA21 or nk603) corn compared with reference hybrids on feedlot steer performance and carcass characteristics.
82  control protocol
(3 times)
Physical Education and Training
(1 time)
ABM (1 time)
BP (1 time)
DS (1 time)
2010 [Effects of rest interval between exercise sets on blood pressure after resistance exercises].
83  control series
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
APU (1 time)
IPU (1 time)
NUD (1 time)
1991 Young onset peptic ulcer disease and non-ulcer dyspepsia are separate entities.
84  conventional technique
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ARS (1 time)
CAOS (1 time)
KOOS (1 time)
2013 Is the use of computer navigation in total knee arthroplasty improving implant positioning and function? A comparative study of 198 knees operated at a Norwegian district hospital.
85  conventional treatment
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ARNI (1 time)
EF (1 time)
FMD (1 time)
2019 [Effects of Different Fertilization Modes on Greenhouse Gas Emission Characteristics of Paddy Fields in Hot Areas].
86  corn oil
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
ALB (1 time)
ALT (1 time)
BUN (1 time)
1996 Effect of peripheral concentrations of progesterone on follicular growth and fertility in ewes.
87  coronary arteries
(3 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
CAE (3 times)
CHD (2 times)
AMI (1 time)
2015 [Growth Differentiation Factor 15 Inhibits Elevated Expression of Matrix Metalloproteinase 1 Induced by Pooled Serum in Patients with Coroanry Artery Ectasia].
88  db-control
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
ADPNRs (1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
AR (1 time)
2006 A multi-component exercise regimen to prevent functional decline and bone fragility in home-dwelling elderly women: randomized, controlled trial.
89  no-cooling
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
PRE (2 times)
HR (1 time)
INT (1 time)
2009 The physiological effects of pre-event and midevent cooling during intermittent running in the heat in elite female soccer players.
90  alpha-corn starch
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
HAS (2 times)
SCFA (2 times)
RS (1 time)
2019 In Vivo Colonic Fermentation of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.): Important Correlations Observed among the Physiological Parameters of Cecum, Liver, Adipose Tissue and Fasting Serum Lipid Profile.
91  care only
(2 times)
Immune System Diseases
(1 time)
CSA (1 time)
DA (1 time)
IL-1beta (1 time)
2006 Resistance training alters cytokine gene expression in skeletal muscle of adults with type 2 diabetes.
92  carotid baroreflex function at rest
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
HR (2 times)
MAP (2 times)
MSNA (2 times)
2002 Modulation of arterial baroreflex dynamic response during muscle metaboreflex activation in humans.
93  castration
(2 times)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CAS (2 times)
Hp (1 time)
RT (1 time)
2010 Physiology and behavior of pigs before and after castration: effects of two topical anesthetics.
94  chiasmatic optic nerve
(2 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
MON (2 times)
RON (2 times)
1982 Development of the optic nerve in Xenopus laevis. I. Early development and organization.
95  choline in their chow
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
ED (2 times)
SUP (2 times)
2007 Prenatal choline supplementation increases sensitivity to time by reducing non-scalar sources of variance in adult temporal processing.
96  chronically with vehicle
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
CORT (2 times)
GC (1 time)
GR (1 time)
2012 Effect of corticosterone on growth and welfare of broiler chickens showing long or short tonic immobility.
97  colloidal organic nitrogen
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BNR (1 time)
DON (1 time)
microN (1 time)
2011 Fate of organic nitrogen in four biological nutrient removal wastewater treatment plants.
98  compared to standardized footwear
(2 times)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
EVA (2 times)
TPU (2 times)
CFO (1 time)
2019 The Effect of EVA and TPU Custom Foot Orthoses on Running Economy, Running Mechanics, and Comfort.
99  comparison group
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
AAWT (1 time)
AC (1 time)
EFW (1 time)
2015 Comparison of resistance training progression models on maximal strength in sub-elite adolescent rugby union players.
100  concentrate mixture
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
BP (1 time)
NDF (1 time)
2015 Substitution of common concentrates with by-products modulated ruminal fermentation, nutrient degradation, and microbial community composition in vitro.