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Abbreviation: CR
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Long forms: 2148

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
complete response
(7499 times)
Neoplasms
(4442 times)
PR (3087 times)
OS (1304 times)
PFS (947 times)
1977 BCNU with and without cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone (COP) and cycle-active therapy in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
complete remission
(7479 times)
Neoplasms
(3154 times)
AML (1813 times)
OS (1452 times)
PR (1333 times)
1972 Therapy of acute myelocytic leukemia. Daunomycin contrasted with a combination of cytosine arabinoside and 6-thioguanine.
caloric restriction
(2245 times)
Geriatrics
(485 times)
AL (309 times)
ROS (57 times)
IF (54 times)
1988 Effect of chronic protein-energy malnutrition on fecundability, fecundity and fertility in rats.
cardiac rehabilitation
(2004 times)
Cardiology
(870 times)
CVD (122 times)
CAD (121 times)
CHD (97 times)
1983 Cardiac rehabilitation after acute myocardial infarction. 9-year controlled follow-up study.
Congo red
(754 times)
Environmental Health
(179 times)
MB (117 times)
XRD (76 times)
MO (69 times)
1990 Differentiation of pathogenic and nonpathogenic Escherichia coli isolated from poultry.
calretinin
(562 times)
Neurology
(251 times)
PV (270 times)
CB (194 times)
IR (64 times)
1992 Calretinin-immunoreactive neurons in the primary visual cortex of dolphin and human brains.
control region
(550 times)
Molecular Biology
(154 times)
PCGs (98 times)
mtDNA (70 times)
tRNAs (51 times)
1995 Evolutionary history of the COII/tRNALys intergenic 9 base pair deletion in human mitochondrial DNAs from the Pacific.
computed radiography
(538 times)
Radiology
(294 times)
DR (78 times)
PACS (49 times)
CT (34 times)
1979 Digital radiography using a computed tomographic instrument.
compression ratio
(514 times)
Environmental Health
(68 times)
ECG (30 times)
PRD (27 times)
AI (18 times)
1971 The source of plasma dihydrotestosterone in man.
10  conditioned response
(497 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(177 times)
CS (174 times)
US (134 times)
UCS (28 times)
1968 The influence of individually differing intensity of the unconditioned stimulus (UCS) on the elaboration of the conditioned response (CR).
11  controlled-release
(471 times)
Pharmacology
(158 times)
IR (104 times)
ER (29 times)
VAS (17 times)
1981 Relative absorption of disopyramide as determined by liquid chromatography following acute administration of standard capsules and controlled-release tablets.
12  cognitive reserve
(346 times)
Neurology
(144 times)
AD (66 times)
MCI (30 times)
CRIq (21 times)
2003 Genetic evidence for cognitive reserve: variations in memory and related cognitive functions.
13  contrast ratio
(259 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(63 times)
CNR (50 times)
SNR (46 times)
TP (41 times)
1984 On the relationship of image intensifier contrast ratios measured by two techniques.
14  cruciate-retaining
(249 times)
Orthopedics
(163 times)
TKA (165 times)
PS (131 times)
PCL (37 times)
2002 A radiographic analysis of anterior-posterior translation in total knee arthroplasty.
15  chronic rejection
(220 times)
Transplantation
(115 times)
AR (65 times)
ACR (11 times)
LT (10 times)
1977 Pretransplant monitoring of donor-recipient compatibility.
16  carcinogenic risk
(165 times)
Environmental Health
(129 times)
HI (61 times)
HQ (39 times)
THQ (35 times)
2013 Potential health risks of heavy metals in cultivated topsoil and grain, including correlations with human primary liver, lung and gastric cancer, in Anhui province, Eastern China.
17  carbapenem-resistant
(157 times)
Communicable Diseases
(33 times)
MDR (26 times)
ESBL (17 times)
CS (14 times)
2000 Emergence and rapid spread of carbapenem resistance during a large and sustained hospital outbreak of multiresistant Acinetobacter baumannii.
18  cognitive remediation
(157 times)
Psychiatry
(90 times)
TAU (15 times)
CBT (13 times)
BD (9 times)
1993 Cognitive remediation in traumatic brain injury: update and issues.
19  conventional radiography
(156 times)
Rheumatology
(54 times)
CT (37 times)
MRI (33 times)
US (33 times)
1992 Accuracy of visual inspection, fiber-optic transillumination, and various radiographic image modalities for the detection of occlusal caries in extracted non-cavitated teeth.
20  coefficient of repeatability
(152 times)
Ophthalmology
(41 times)
ICC (48 times)
CV (22 times)
LOA (15 times)
1994 Assessment of left ventricular regional function by radionuclide angiography: effects of number of sectors on repeatability.
21  complete revascularization
(145 times)
Cardiology
(96 times)
PCI (65 times)
IR (55 times)
STEMI (43 times)
1977 Evaluation of saphenous vein bypass surgery with multistage treadmill test and ventricular function studies.
22  clinical remission
(142 times)
Gastroenterology
(43 times)
CD (32 times)
UC (25 times)
MH (16 times)
1984 Vincristine, cisplatin, and bleomycin with surgery in the management of advanced metastatic nonseminomatous testis tumors.
23  complement receptor
(131 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(65 times)
FcR (11 times)
sIg (6 times)
FcgammaR (5 times)
1976 Complement receptor lymphocytes in the rabbit I. an SIg-negative subpopulation in the appendix.
24  cross-reactivity
(122 times)
Chemistry
(19 times)
LOD (24 times)
mAb (20 times)
ELISA (16 times)
1976 [Autoantibodies to the common antigenic determinant of group A streptococcal polysaccharide and epithelial cells of mammalian thymus and skin].
25  composite resin
(114 times)
Dentistry
(79 times)
GIC (25 times)
RMGIC (16 times)
GI (11 times)
1995 Coronal microleakage in conservatively restored endodontic access preparations.
26  Cajal-Retzius
(110 times)
Neurology
(49 times)
MZ (10 times)
GABA (8 times)
DG (4 times)
1987 Development of Cajal-Retzius cells in the human auditory cortex.
27  cancer risk
(104 times)
Environmental Health
(83 times)
HI (42 times)
HQ (41 times)
THQ (26 times)
2008 Risk assessment of trihalomethanes from tap water in Fortaleza, Brazil.
28  composite reliability
(97 times)
Public Health
(15 times)
AVE (55 times)
CFA (43 times)
EFA (21 times)
2012 A confirmatory approach to examining the factor structure of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ): a large scale cohort study.
29  chest radiography
(95 times)
Radiology
(23 times)
CT (27 times)
HRCT (10 times)
CAP (9 times)
1986 Asbestos exposure and retention as determinants of airway disease and asbestos alveolitis.
30  centric relation
(91 times)
Dentistry
(73 times)
CO (18 times)
MI (14 times)
TMD (9 times)
1990 A comparison of the signs of temporomandibular joint dysfunction and occlusal discrepancies in a symptom-free population of men and women.
31  circadian rhythm
(89 times)
Physiology
(14 times)
BP (9 times)
HR (8 times)
HS (4 times)
1976 Phase shifting the circadian rhythm of neuronal activity in the isolated Aplysia eye with puromycin and cycloheximide. Electrophysiological and biochemical studies.
32  charge recombination
(85 times)
Chemistry
(76 times)
CS (53 times)
CT (16 times)
ET (15 times)
2001 Modulating charge separation and charge recombination dynamics in porphyrin-fullerene linked dyads and triads: Marcus-normal versus inverted region.
33  castration-resistant
(84 times)
Neoplasms
(28 times)
PC (17 times)
PCa (16 times)
ADT (13 times)
1993 Toxicity of and mutagenesis by chlorate are independent of nitrate reductase activity in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.
34  clearance rate
(81 times)
Environmental Health
(14 times)
RR (11 times)
SFG (10 times)
AE (8 times)
1975 Glucose turnover in the exercising dog with chemically induced diabetes and the effect of methylprednisolone.
35  Czech Republic
(78 times)
Epidemiology
(23 times)
TB (5 times)
B. pertussis (3 times)
MT (3 times)
1990 [Surveillance of tuberculosis in the Czech Republic in 1989].
36  cervical radiculopathy
(71 times)
Rehabilitation
(13 times)
NDI (12 times)
VAS (7 times)
MRI (5 times)
1997 Objective evaluation of pain in various spinal diseases: neuropeptide immunoreactivity in the cerebrospinal fluid.
37  closed reduction
(71 times)
Orthopedics
(35 times)
DDH (31 times)
AVN (14 times)
AI (13 times)
2002 Indications for treatment of subcondylar mandibular fractures.
38  complete hematological remission
(71 times)
Hematology
(25 times)
AML (11 times)
OS (11 times)
PR (7 times)
1992 Shedding of CD9 antigen by bone marrow cells from patients with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.
39  cognitive rehabilitation
(70 times)
Neurology
(26 times)
AD (13 times)
CT (11 times)
MS (11 times)
1995 Neurocognitive rehabilitation guidelines for therapists.
40  creatine
(68 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(11 times)
PL (13 times)
Cho (8 times)
mI (8 times)
1975 [Dialysis of methylguanidine and hypothesis on the middle molecules].
41  Critically Endangered
(66 times)
Plants
(30 times)
EN (17 times)
VU (7 times)
DD (3 times)
2005 On the verge of extinction: genetics of the critically endangered Iberian plant species, Borderea chouardii (Dioscoreaceae) and implications for conservation management.
42  cure rate
(65 times)
Tropical Medicine
(17 times)
ERR (26 times)
PZQ (12 times)
STH (10 times)
1992 [Treatment of soil-transmitted helminth infections by anthelmintics in current use].
43  clinical response
(61 times)
Neoplasms
(25 times)
PR (15 times)
PFS (8 times)
CD (6 times)
1986 [Treatment results of carcinoma of the lower gum with radiation therapy combined with bleomycin].
44  cognitive radio
(60 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(44 times)
IoT (11 times)
PUs (10 times)
SUs (9 times)
2013 Optimal periodic cooperative spectrum sensing based on weight fusion in cognitive radio networks.
45  complete remission rate
(58 times)
Hematology
(25 times)
AML (18 times)
OS (18 times)
PR (8 times)
1976 The use of the Robinson in vitro agar culture assay in adult acute leukemia.
46  Coptidis Rhizoma
(57 times)
Pharmacology
(18 times)
SR (7 times)
TCM (6 times)
Ber (4 times)
1995 The correlation of Kampo formulations and their ingredients on anti-bacterial activities against Propionibacterium acnes.
47  contractile reserve
(56 times)
Cardiology
(36 times)
LV (22 times)
DSE (16 times)
LVEF (11 times)
1996 Low increase in cGMP induced by organic nitrates and nitrovasodilators improves contractile response of rat ventricular myocytes.
48  colorectal
(52 times)
General Surgery
(17 times)
CRC (8 times)
OS (3 times)
CSC (2 times)
1990 A pilot study on the usefulness of a new test for mass screening of colorectal cancer in Japan.
49  cardiorespiratory
(51 times)
Sports Medicine
(10 times)
HR (6 times)
AD (4 times)
GER (4 times)
1979 Relationships among cardiorespiratory fitness, regular physical activity, and plasma lipids in young adults.
50  cooling rate
(51 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(13 times)
HT (4 times)
ACT (3 times)
AI (3 times)
1987 Breeding performance of bulls assigned either to 40 cows per bull or 80 cows per two bulls during the breeding period.
51  coronary revascularization
(50 times)
Cardiology
(19 times)
MI (16 times)
HR (9 times)
CABG (7 times)
1989 [Serial changes in left ventricular global and regional function during exercise after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty; effect of complete coronary revascularization].
52  clopidogrel resistance
(49 times)
Vascular Diseases
(8 times)
CHD (6 times)
PCI (6 times)
ACS (5 times)
2011 [Relationships of blood stasis syndrome, CYP2C19 gene polymorphism with clopidogrel resistance and post-PCI prognosis].
53  concentric remodeling
(49 times)
Cardiology
(26 times)
CH (36 times)
EH (33 times)
LV (27 times)
2000 Left ventricular geometry in pregnancy-induced hypertension.
54  cost ratio
(49 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
CI (16 times)
OR (11 times)
RR (4 times)
1988 Localization and activity of inflammatory bowel disease using 111In leukocyte imaging.
55  corona radiata
(48 times)
Neurology
(20 times)
DTI (13 times)
FA (13 times)
CC (12 times)
1983 A quantitative histochemical study of lactate dehydrogenase and succinate dehydrogenase activities in the membrana granulosa of the ovulatory follicle of the rat.
56  cosmic ray
(46 times)
Medicine
(16 times)
LIS (5 times)
AMS-02 (2 times)
FDs (2 times)
1992 Cosmic ray LET spectra and doses on board Cosmos-2044 biosatellite.
57  crown-rump
(46 times)
Anatomy
(12 times)
GD (2 times)
PSPb (2 times)
BPD (1 time)
1976 A radiological study of morphology and growth in the human fetal colon.
58  clinical reasoning
(45 times)
Education
(16 times)
DTI (2 times)
EBM (2 times)
OMPT (2 times)
2009 Clinical reasoning in musculoskeletal practice: students' conceptualizations.
59  cinematic rendering
(44 times)
Radiology
(25 times)
CT (18 times)
VR (11 times)
MIP (3 times)
2016 Cinematic rendering - an alternative to volume rendering for 3D computed tomography imaging.
60  clubroot resistance
(42 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(14 times)
DEGs (3 times)
DH (3 times)
QTL (3 times)
2003 A novel locus for clubroot resistance in Brassica rapa and its linkage markers.
61  colonization resistance
(41 times)
Communicable Diseases
(7 times)
GF (3 times)
CI (2 times)
DGGE (2 times)
1971 Colonization resistance of the digestive tract in conventional and antibiotic-treated mice.
62  conditional reprogramming
(41 times)
Cell Biology
(6 times)
ALI (5 times)
PDX (4 times)
ROCK (4 times)
2016 Conditionally reprogrammed normal and primary tumor prostate epithelial cells: a novel patient-derived cell model for studies of human prostate cancer.
63  cysteine-rich
(41 times)
Biochemistry
(16 times)
MR (6 times)
BMP (3 times)
CTLDs (3 times)
1994 Association of utrophin and multiple dystrophin short forms with the mammalian M(r) 58,000 dystrophin-associated protein (syntrophin).
64  Cerenkov radiation
(40 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
PDT (10 times)
CRET (5 times)
CLI (4 times)
2007 Forward- and backward-propagating Cerenkov radiation in strong chiral media.
65  cognitive restructuring
(40 times)
Psychiatry
(15 times)
CBT (5 times)
PTSD (5 times)
BA (4 times)
1978 Social skills training and cognitive restructuring with alcoholics.
66  conditioned reflex
(40 times)
Neurology
(33 times)
AN (2 times)
CN (2 times)
DH (2 times)
1976 Participation of the basal ganglia in the conditioned reflex (CR) mechanism.
67  crumb rubber
(40 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
RSM (9 times)
MSCR (5 times)
SBS (5 times)
2015 Olefin-maleic-anhydride copolymer based additives: a novel approach for compatibilizing blends of waste polyethylene and crumb rubber.
68  Citrobacter rodentium
(39 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
EHEC (10 times)
EPEC (9 times)
A/E (5 times)
2004 Dissecting virulence: systematic and functional analyses of a pathogenicity island.
69  cockroach
(39 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(23 times)
mAb (4 times)
SPT (4 times)
HDM (3 times)
1976 Study on cockroach antigen as a probable causative agent in bronchial asthma.
70  control rats
(39 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
TR (5 times)
DR (4 times)
FFDR (3 times)
1987 Effect of prenatal androgenization on lamb performance, carcass composition and reproductive function.
71  carbonyl reductase
(38 times)
Biochemistry
(13 times)
hCG (3 times)
eCG (2 times)
SDR (2 times)
1990 Changes and localization of ovarian carbonyl reductase during pseudopregnancy and pregnancy in rats.
72  clinical recurrence
(38 times)
Urology
(19 times)
RP (18 times)
BCR (17 times)
PSA (15 times)
2001 [Azathioprine and 5-ASA in the prevention of postoperative recurrence of Crohn's disease].
73  cognitive reappraisal
(38 times)
Psychology
(11 times)
ES (18 times)
ER (11 times)
AD (2 times)
2010 Seeing, thinking, and feeling: emotion-regulating effects of gaze-directed cognitive reappraisal.
74  control
(38 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
cr (4 times)
TR (4 times)
CL (2 times)
1988 Effects of nifedipine on blood pressure and heart rate in conscious neurogenic hypertensive rats.
75  conserved region
(37 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
aa (3 times)
Ad (2 times)
DBP (2 times)
1986 Functional analysis of the adenovirus type 5 DNA-binding protein: site-directed mutants which are defective for adeno-associated virus helper activity.
76  common region
(35 times)
Virology
(13 times)
PCR (10 times)
CP (4 times)
nt (4 times)
1992 Sequence-specific interaction with the viral AL1 protein identifies a geminivirus DNA replication origin.
77  coordinated reset
(35 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
STDP (5 times)
EEG (3 times)
RVS (3 times)
2011 Desynchronizing anti-resonance effect of m: n ON-OFF coordinated reset stimulation.
78  chronic rhinitis
(34 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(10 times)
AR (12 times)
NAR (10 times)
VAS (4 times)
2003 Epidemiology of rhinitis in Thais: characteristics and risk factors.
79  cognitive restraint
(32 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(13 times)
UE (20 times)
EE (19 times)
BMI (5 times)
2002 Impact of gastric banding on eating behavior and weight.
80  constant routine
(32 times)
Physiology
(19 times)
CBT (4 times)
DLMO (3 times)
HR (3 times)
1992 The variability in circadian phase and amplitude estimates derived from sequential constant routines.
81  cumulative risk
(32 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
CI (3 times)
DR (2 times)
EC (2 times)
1992 International trends in the incidence of bone cancer are not related to drinking water fluoridation.
82  capture-recapture
(31 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
CDC (2 times)
SECR (2 times)
TB (2 times)
1997 Capture-recapture: reconnaissance of a demographic technique in epidemiology.
83  care recipient
(31 times)
Geriatrics
(20 times)
CG (9 times)
AD (4 times)
CGs (4 times)
2005 Needs and preference assessment for an in-home nutrition education program using social marketing theory.
84  colostrum replacer
(31 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(29 times)
MC (8 times)
AEA (3 times)
CD (3 times)
2001 Formulation of colostrum supplements, colostrum replacers and acquisition of passive immunity in neonatal calves.
85  cancer registry
(29 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
PDB (2 times)
RARECARE (2 times)
ABUTH (1 time)
1991 [A descriptive study of 105 patients with cerebral metastasis].
86  cardiac rupture
(29 times)
Cardiology
(14 times)
AMI (16 times)
STEMI (8 times)
MI (6 times)
1979 [Cardiac rupture: a not infrequent complication of acute myocardial infarction. Report of five cases (author's transl)].
87  corneal radius
(29 times)
Ophthalmology
(15 times)
AL (25 times)
ACD (13 times)
LT (8 times)
2003 Oculometric features of hyperopia in children with accommodative refractive esotropia.
88  Cimicifuga racemosa
(28 times)
Gynecology
(6 times)
LH (3 times)
BMD (2 times)
ERbeta (2 times)
1991 Effects of extracts from Cimicifuga racemosa on gonadotropin release in menopausal women and ovariectomized rats.
89  contractile ring
(28 times)
Cell Biology
(13 times)
FRAP (3 times)
ABD (2 times)
MR (2 times)
1990 Reorganization of circumferential microfilament bundles in retinal epithelial cells during mitosis.
90  coherence resonance
(27 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
SR (8 times)
CV (3 times)
FHN (2 times)
2000 Coherence resonance and noise-induced synchronization in globally coupled Hodgkin-Huxley neurons.
91  cardiovascular rehabilitation
(26 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
CVD (4 times)
CCC (2 times)
CRF (2 times)
2007 Sexual function in female patients with unstable angina or non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction.
92  calreticulin
(25 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
ER (7 times)
CRTAase (5 times)
TAase (4 times)
1992 The 5'-flanking region of the human calreticulin gene shares homology with the human GRP78, GRP94, and protein disulfide isomerase promoters.
93  contrast recovery
(25 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(11 times)
BV (11 times)
OSEM (8 times)
CNR (6 times)
2008 [Diastolic dysfunction types in the prediction of viable myocardium functional recovery].
94  crown root
(25 times)
Botany
(9 times)
LR (4 times)
PR (4 times)
SR (4 times)
2008 Phases of infection and gene expression of Fusarium graminearum during crown rot disease of wheat.
95  calorie restricted diet
(23 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
AL (4 times)
BW (2 times)
HF (2 times)
1990 Effect of chronic caloric restriction on the circadian regulation of physiological and behavioral variables in old male B6C3F1 mice.
96  competing risk
(23 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
CI (4 times)
KM (4 times)
OS (3 times)
2010 A competing risks approach for time estimation of household WEEE disposal.
97  cardiac remodeling
(22 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
ECM (4 times)
CFs (3 times)
ISO (3 times)
1999 Molecular mechanisms of myocardial remodeling.
98  cerebrovascular reactivity
(22 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
CBF (3 times)
BHI (2 times)
NE (2 times)
1976 Cardiovascular reactivity and neurogenic tone in unilateral renovascular hypertension in the rat.
99  chief resident
(22 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
PD (4 times)
IM (2 times)
PDs (2 times)
1996 Chief residency in PM&R. A balance of education and administration.
100  conditioned reinforcement
(22 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
CS (3 times)
CCK (2 times)
DHbetaE (2 times)
1984 Enhanced behavioural control by conditioned reinforcers following microinjections of d-amphetamine into the nucleus accumbens.