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Abbreviation: CSC
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Long forms: 419

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
cancer stem cell
(2625 times)
Neoplasms
(1231 times)
EMT (371 times)
HCC (126 times)
CRC (106 times)
2004 Identification of human brain tumour initiating cells.
central serous chorioretinopathy
(815 times)
Ophthalmology
(568 times)
OCT (150 times)
BCVA (142 times)
PDT (134 times)
1982 Central serous choroidopathy with exudative retinal detachment.
cigarette smoke condensate
(327 times)
Toxicology
(66 times)
CS (17 times)
AhR (14 times)
COPD (11 times)
1973 In vitro transformation assay of major fractions of cigarette smoke condensate (CSC) in mammalian cell lines.
comprehensive stroke center
(106 times)
Neurology
(41 times)
PSC (35 times)
LVO (27 times)
AIS (21 times)
2007 The main components of stroke unit care: results of a European expert survey.
8-(3-chlorostyryl)caffeine
(60 times)
Pharmacology
(16 times)
DPCPX (15 times)
NECA (7 times)
PD (6 times)
1993 8-(3-Chlorostyryl)caffeine (CSC) is a selective A2-adenosine antagonist in vitro and in vivo.
cryogen spray cooling
(59 times)
General Surgery
(31 times)
PWS (7 times)
PDL (4 times)
PWSs (2 times)
1997 Cryogen spray cooling during Nd:YAG laser treatment of hemangiomas. A preliminary animal model study.
cardiac stem cell
(49 times)
Cardiology
(16 times)
MI (6 times)
AMI (4 times)
MSC (4 times)
2004 Cardiac stem cell and myocyte aging, heart failure, and insulin-like growth factor-1 overexpression.
coordinated specialty care
(37 times)
Psychiatry
(24 times)
FEP (11 times)
EPINET (3 times)
LHS (3 times)
2018 Transforming the Treatment of Schizophrenia in the United States: The RAISE Initiative.
cataract surgical coverage
(34 times)
Ophthalmology
(19 times)
RAAB (9 times)
VA (7 times)
CI (4 times)
2000 Cataract surgical coverage: results of a population-based survey at Nkhoma, Malawi.
10  chondroitin sulfate C
(33 times)
Biotechnology
(7 times)
CSA (12 times)
GAGs (10 times)
HA (5 times)
1996 Purification and properties of a novel glycosaminoglycan depolymerase from Streptococcus intermedius strain UNS 35.
11  calcium sulfate cement
(30 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
SBF (3 times)
COS (2 times)
CPC (2 times)
2005 Biomechanical evaluation of kyphoplasty with calcium sulfate cement in a cadaveric osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture model.
12  cellulose synthase complex
(28 times)
Botany
(12 times)
CESA (12 times)
CESAs (2 times)
TEM (2 times)
2008 The roles of the cytoskeleton during cellulose deposition at the secondary cell wall.
13  chronic subordinate colony housing
(28 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
GC (6 times)
SHC (6 times)
PTSD (5 times)
2008 Early life stress enhances the vulnerability to chronic psychosocial stress and experimental colitis in adult mice.
14  clinically significant change
(28 times)
Urology
(4 times)
RCI (4 times)
mpMRI (3 times)
HIFU (2 times)
1987 Cuff-occluded rate of rise of peripheral venous pressure: a new, highly sensitive technique for monitoring blood volume status during hemorrhage and resuscitation.
15  Correctional Service of Canada
(26 times)
Public Health
(17 times)
CBT/RNR (1 time)
CCC (1 time)
DV (1 time)
1987 Prison health services: a utilization study.
16  charge storage capacity
(25 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(12 times)
EIS (6 times)
CV (5 times)
CIL (3 times)
2010 In vivo electrochemical characterization and inflammatory response of multiwalled carbon nanotube-based electrodes in rat hippocampus.
17  cervical spinal cord
(23 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
DTI (8 times)
FA (6 times)
GM (4 times)
2007 Unmasking of presynaptic and postsynaptic high-frequency oscillations in epidural cervical somatosensory evoked potentials during voluntary movement.
18  crisis standards of care
(15 times)
Emergency Medicine
(4 times)
SOFA (3 times)
COVID-19 (2 times)
ICU (2 times)
2020 Allocation of Scarce Resources in a Pandemic: A Systematic Review of US State Crisis Standards of Care Documents.
19  Community Score Card
(14 times)
Health Services Accessibility
(6 times)
CC (2 times)
PMTCT (2 times)
ANC (1 time)
2015 Enhancing governance and health system accountability for people centered healthcare: an exploratory study of community scorecards in Afghanistan.
20  cottonseed cake
(13 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
BW (3 times)
CP (3 times)
DM (3 times)
1989 Effect of varying levels of oyster shell on serum constituents and erythrocyte indices in growing chicken fed gossypol-containing Nigerian cottonseed cake.
21  calf skin collagen
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
AA (3 times)
SEM (2 times)
2-DG (1 time)
1983 Arachidonic acid and stable analogue of prostaglandin endoperoxides (U46619) induce platelet spreading and thrombi-like aggregate formation on a collagen substrate. Effect of fluid dynamics.
22  cancer stem cell-like
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
EMT (5 times)
CRC (2 times)
miRNAs (2 times)
2014 How prostate-specific membrane antigen level may be correlated with stemness in prostate cancer stem cell-like cell populations?
23  cervical sympathetic chain
(12 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
CBT (3 times)
SCG (2 times)
SHAM (2 times)
1988 Schwannoma of the cervical sympathetic chain.
24  CS condensate
(12 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
CS (12 times)
COPD (2 times)
SP (2 times)
2009 Bronchial airway epithelial cell damage following exposure to cigarette smoke includes disassembly of tight junction components mediated by the extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 pathway.
25  convolutional sparse coding
(11 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
ADMMs (1 time)
CDL (1 time)
CSAE (1 time)
2015 Classification of Histology Sections via Multispectral Convolutional Sparse Coding.
26  cross-sectional compliance
(11 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
CSD (6 times)
IMT (6 times)
CCA (5 times)
2000 [Cardiovascular impact of end-stage renal insufficiency in children undergoing hemodialysis].
27  cysteine synthase complex
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
SAT (7 times)
OASTL (3 times)
OAS (2 times)
2006 Functional analysis of the cysteine synthase protein complex from plants: structural, biochemical and regulatory properties.
28  collaborative stepped care
(9 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
CAU (4 times)
BAI (2 times)
GAD (2 times)
2009 Collaborative stepped care for anxiety disorders in primary care: aims and design of a randomized controlled trial.
29  calcium silicate-based cement
(8 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
MTA (6 times)
CEM (1 time)
CHX (1 time)
2015 Calcium silicate-based cements: composition, properties, and clinical applications.
30  cargo-selective complex
(8 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
SNX (3 times)
AD (1 time)
BAR (1 time)
2012 Multiple repeat elements within the FAM21 tail link the WASH actin regulatory complex to the retromer.
31  cell suspension culture
(8 times)
Science
(2 times)
CE (4 times)
CF (4 times)
CW (2 times)
2015 Establishment and characterization of a Satureja khuzistanica Jamzad (Lamiaceae) cell suspension culture: a new in vitro source of rosmarinic acid.
32  chronic subordinate colony
(8 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
SHC (3 times)
CPP (2 times)
DSS (2 times)
2008 Aggravation of DSS-induced colitis after chronic subordinate colony (CSC) housing is partially mediated by adrenal mechanisms.
33  community services card
(8 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
ATC (1 time)
DHBs (1 time)
GPs (1 time)
1996 Differences between prescribed and dispensed medications.
34  core-shell-corona
(8 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
ATRP (2 times)
PF (2 times)
CWC (1 time)
2006 Morphologies of multicompartment micelles formed by triblock copolymers.
35  cardiac stem/progenitor cell
(7 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
MI (2 times)
AMI (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
2011 Chemopreventive effect of PSP through targeting of prostate cancer stem cell-like population.
36  CCM signaling complex
(7 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
CCMs (4 times)
CCM1 (2 times)
PTB (2 times)
2017 Novel functions of CCM1 delimit the relationship of PTB/PH domains.
37  cell surface capturing
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
ADCA (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
LDAs (1 time)
2009 Mass-spectrometric identification and relative quantification of N-linked cell surface glycoproteins.
38  Chinese Society of Cardiology
(7 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
ACS (1 time)
ASCVD (1 time)
CCC (1 time)
2017 Invasive Management Strategies and Antithrombotic Treatments in Patients With Non-ST-Segment-Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome in China: Findings From the Improving CCC Project (Care for Cardiovascular Disease in China).
39  cognitive self-consciousness
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
OCD (5 times)
DRS-2 (1 time)
I/P (1 time)
2003 Too much thinking about thinking?: Metacognitive differences in obsessive-compulsive disorder.
40  critical salt concentration
(7 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
ASAXS (1 time)
CPC (1 time)
DDR (1 time)
2002 A spectroscopic study of the fluorescence quenching interactions between biomedically important salts and the fluorescent probe merocyanine 540.
41  cancer SC
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CRC (3 times)
SC (3 times)
ATRA (2 times)
2017 Overexpression of HOXA4 and HOXA9 genes promotes self-renewal and contributes to colon cancer stem cell overpopulation.
42  carotid siphon calcifications
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
CIMT (2 times)
CT (2 times)
AA (1 time)
2017 Inverse relationship between the body mass index and severity of carotid siphon calcifications (another obesity paradox): Results from the Atahualpa Project.
43  cell surface capture
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CSPA (1 time)
FASP (1 time)
FCM (1 time)
2008 Immunophenotyping without antibodies. New perspectives for lymphoma characterization.
44  China Scholarship Council
(6 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
ALSWH (1 time)
BSO (1 time)
cAMP (1 time)
2016 Extending prematuration with cAMP modulators enhances the cumulus contribution to oocyte antioxidant defence and oocyte quality via gap junctions.
45  circulating stem cells
(6 times)
Hematology
(6 times)
ABSCT (4 times)
ALL (2 times)
CML (1 time)
1988 Collection of circulating stem cells and their use for autograft in adults with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.
46  coconut shell carbon
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AI (1 time)
BDS (1 time)
CAC (1 time)
2003 Cr(VI) removal from synthetic wastewater using coconut shell charcoal and commercial activated carbon modified with oxidizing agents and/or chitosan.
47  commercial starter culture
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
CSC-SM (1 time)
LAB (1 time)
NSC (1 time)
2014 Behavior of Staphylococcus aureus in culture broth, in raw and thermized milk, and during processing and storage of traditional Greek Graviera cheese in the presence or absence of Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris M104, a wild, novel nisin A-producing raw milk isolate.
48  community social capital
(6 times)
Health Services
(3 times)
ISC (3 times)
PSCI (2 times)
COINLICS (1 time)
2008 Community-level social capital and recurrence of acute coronary syndrome.
49  critical stabilization concentration
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
CMC (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
CBZ-SAC (1 time)
1998 Anomalous Colloidal Stability of Latex-Protein Systems.
50  cancer stem cell marker
(5 times)
Science
(2 times)
EMT (2 times)
DCLK1 (1 time)
FLV (1 time)
2013 Fluvastatin interferes with hepatitis C virus replication via microtubule bundling and a doublecortin-like kinase-mediated mechanism.
51  cervical squamous carcinoma
(5 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
APTWI (2 times)
AF (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
1999 Diagnosis and treatment of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3: a registry-based study in the Romagna region of Italy (1986-1993).
52  corneal stromal cells
(5 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
EEC (2 times)
EMT (2 times)
CEC (1 time)
2010 Syndecan-1 regulates cell migration and fibronectin fibril assembly.
53  cerebellar slice culture
(4 times)
Brain Diseases
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
EGFP (1 time)
Fpp (1 time)
2008 Simvastatin induces cell death in a mouse cerebellar slice culture (CSC) model of developmental myelination.
54  clinically significant prostate cancer
(4 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
mpMRI (2 times)
PI-RADS (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
2018 Performance of multiparametric MRI appears better when measured in patients who undergo radical prostatectomy.
55  controlled semantic cognition
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
DYS (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2016 The neural and computational bases of semantic cognition.
56  corrected serum calcium
(4 times)
Epidemiology
(2 times)
HCM (3 times)
CrCl (1 time)
ONJ (1 time)
2001 Zoledronic acid is superior to pamidronate in the treatment of hypercalcemia of malignancy: a pooled analysis of two randomized, controlled clinical trials.
57  cortical-subcortical
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
aHT (1 time)
CAA (1 time)
CMBs (1 time)
2007 Cortico-subcortical distribution of microbleeds is different between hypertension and cerebral amyloid angiopathy.
58  cytokine-secreting cell
(4 times)
Virology
(2 times)
HRV (2 times)
IL-6 (2 times)
PID (2 times)
2005 Use of ELISPOT and ELISA to evaluate IFN-gamma, IL-10 and IL-4 responses in conventional pigs.
59  calcium silicate cement with fluoride
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
DTS (1 time)
MTA (1 time)
nano (1 time)
2015 Physicochemical properties of calcium silicate cements associated with microparticulate and nanoparticulate radiopacifiers.
60  Cancer Support Community
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CSS (1 time)
QoL (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
2013 Evaluation of question-listing at the Cancer Support Community.
61  Care Sport Connectors
(3 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
PA (2 times)
2016 The connection between the primary care and the physical activity sector: professionals' perceptions.
62  caruncular stromal cells
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
CE (1 time)
COX (1 time)
IFN-tau (1 time)
1999 Immunolocalization of progesterone receptors in bovine placentomes throughout mid and late gestation and at parturition.
63  cell surface complex
(3 times)
Embryology
(1 time)
fMLP (1 time)
NEM (1 time)
PMN (1 time)
1985 Mild proteolytic digestion restores exocytotic activity to N-ethylmaleimide-inactivated cell surface complex from sea urchin eggs.
64  Children's Social Care
(3 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
LA (1 time)
2019 Explaining local variation in referrals from health services to children's social care in England 2013-16: a study using 'children in need' administrative data.
65  Coal spontaneous combustion
(3 times)
Chemical Phenomena
(2 times)
BPNN (1 time)
SA-SVM (1 time)
2017 A review on the mechanism, risk evaluation, and prevention of coal spontaneous combustion in China.
66  cognitive spare capacity
(3 times)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
WMC (2 times)
CSCT (1 time)
RST (1 time)
2013 Seeing the talker's face supports executive processing of speech in steady state noise.
67  coil satellite centrifuge
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
alpha-L-Fuc (1 time)
CCW (1 time)
Cel (1 time)
2015 Design of a coil satellite centrifuge and its performance on counter-current chromatographic separation of 4-methylumbelliferyl sugar derivatives with polar organic-aqueous two-phase solvent systems.
68  colony-stimulating cells
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CSF (2 times)
GM-CFC (2 times)
CFC (1 time)
1977 Cell-free granulocyte colony inhibiting activity derived from human polymorphonuclear neutrophils.
69  community stress centers
(3 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
ASR (1 time)
CME (1 time)
IDF (1 time)
2011 [The treatment of anxiety and acute stress reaction (ASR) in civilian casualties in community stress centers (CSC) in the 2nd Lebanon War].
70  Congsheng Capsule
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
BDNF (1 time)
MBN (1 time)
MCA (1 time)
2003 [Experimental study on effect of congsheng capsule on expression of brain derived neurotrophic factor and tyrosinkinase mRNA in forebrain of rats after cortical devascularization].
71  constant speed controller
(3 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
SLC (3 times)
VADs (2 times)
ASLC (1 time)
2017 Preload-based Starling-like control of rotary blood pumps: An in-vitro evaluation.
72  corkscrew claw
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
AT (1 time)
DE (1 time)
GEBV (1 time)
2013 Genetic analyses of claw health in Norwegian Red cows.
73  Canadian Society of Cardiology
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
LCT (1 time)
MRV (1 time)
PTCA (1 time)
2000 [Immediate results of coronary stent implants in octogenarian patients].
74  cancer stem cell populations
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
GBM (1 time)
2014 The impact of arsenic trioxide and all-trans retinoic acid on p53 R273H-codon mutant glioblastoma.
75  cancer stem/initiating cells
(2 times)
Cell Transformation, Neoplastic
(1 time)
ABC (1 time)
ALDH (1 time)
BCAR4 (1 time)
2009 Dofequidar fumarate sensitizes cancer stem-like side population cells to chemotherapeutic drugs by inhibiting ABCG2/BCRP-mediated drug export.
76  cardiac surgical center
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
HLHS (1 time)
TGA (1 time)
2013 Prenatal diagnosis, birth location, surgical center, and neonatal mortality in infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome.
77  cavernosal-spongiosal communications
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
PSV (2 times)
RI (2 times)
2002 Color Doppler appearance of penile cavernosal-spongiosal communications in patients with normal and impaired erection.
78  Cellular surface charge
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
BATH (1 time)
CAM (1 time)
CSH (1 time)
2009 Salmonella Sofia differs from other poultry-associated Salmonella serovars with respect to cell surface hydrophobicity.
79  Central Simulation Committee
(2 times)
Military Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2012 The Central Simulation Committee (CSC): a model for centralization and standardization of simulation-based medical education in the U.S. Army healthcare system.
80  Charisma Smart Composite
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
EF (2 times)
FBF (2 times)
2019 A randomized, prospective clinical study evaluating effectiveness of a bulk-fill composite resin, a conventional composite resin and a reinforced glass ionomer in Class II cavities: one-year results.
81  childhood socioeconomic conditions
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
ASC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2019 Life Course Socioeconomic Conditions and Frailty at Older Ages.
82  Children's Surgical Centre
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
STS (1 time)
2013 A hybrid approach to telepathology in Cambodia.
83  chronic systemic candidiasis
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
1992 [Systemic chronic candidiasis following typhlitis caused by Candida albicans].
84  cigarette smoke carcinogens
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
7H-DBC (1 time)
AChE (1 time)
BuChE (1 time)
2021 Deciphering the Influence of Cigarette Smoke Carcinogens on CNS Associated Biomolecules: A Computational Synergistic Approach.
85  Cigarette smoking condensate
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CAT (1 time)
GPx (1 time)
HFL (1 time)
2002 [Studies on inhibition of human lung carcinogenesis in early stage by oltipraz and its effects on some gene expression and regulation].
86  Circular Supply Chain
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
CE (1 time)
CSCEs (1 time)
EOL (1 time)
2019 The adoption of internet of things in a circular supply chain framework for the recovery of WEEE: the case of lithium-ion electric vehicle battery packs.
87  citrate-crosslinked chitosan
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2019 Preparation and adsorption properties of citrate-crosslinked chitosan salt microspheres by microwave assisted method.
88  Civil Service Commission
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ATCSs (1 time)
OKT (1 time)
1978 Objective assessment of prior air traffic control-related experience through the use of an occupational knowledge test.
89  class-specific correction
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
CBNNs (1 time)
CSV (1 time)
FFNNs (1 time)
2005 Feedforward neural network models for handling class overlap and class imbalance.
90  Classroom Strategies Coaching
(2 times)
Psychology, Educational
(2 times)
--- 2018 Coaching to improve teacher instruction and behavior management in a high poverty school: A case study.
91  Clinical Skills Clerkship
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
OSCE (2 times)
NPIs (1 time)
2014 A new clinical skills clerkship for medical students.
92  clinical study center
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CRP (1 time)
ESC (1 time)
ICUs (1 time)
2003 The Kronos longevity research institute.
93  Coincident Sequence Cloning
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1991 Coincident sequence cloning.
94  columella stem cell
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
WOX5 (2 times)
ACR4 (1 time)
CLV3 (1 time)
2015 WOX5 is Shining in the Root Stem Cell Niche.
95  Combat Stress Control
(2 times)
Military Medicine
(2 times)
TBH (1 time)
1994 The 528th Combat Stress Control Unit in Somalia in support of Operation Restore Hope.
96  community steering committee
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
CBPR (1 time)
IRRID (1 time)
2019 Addressing Cardiovascular Health Disparities in Minnesota: Establishment of a Community Steering Committee by FAITH! (Fostering African-American Improvement in Total Health).
97  compatibility switch costs
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
GSC (2 times)
LSC (2 times)
2018 Age-related differences in BOLD modulation to cognitive control costs in a multitasking paradigm: Global switch, local switch, and compatibility-switch costs.
98  compensatory secondary control
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
CPC (1 time)
IADL (1 time)
SPC (1 time)
2012 Change in psychological control in visually impaired older adults over 2 years: role of functional ability and depressed mood.
99  compressed sodium chloride
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2021 Efficacy of compressed sodium chloride (CSC) against E. coli and Candida auris in minutes and methods improvement for testing.
100  congenital short colon
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
--- 1996 Congenital short colon.