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Abbreviation: CSE
Appearance Frequency: 3869 time(s)
Long forms: 390

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
cigarette smoke extract
(1131 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(207 times)
COPD (329 times)
CS (147 times)
ROS (101 times)
1991 [Effect of cigarette smoke extract on hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction].
cystathionine gamma-lyase
(859 times)
Pharmacology
(131 times)
CBS (334 times)
NO (87 times)
3-MST (74 times)
2002 Hydrogen sulfide as a neuromodulator.
combined spinal-epidural
(226 times)
Anesthesiology
(146 times)
CI (17 times)
EVE (8 times)
PCEA (8 times)
1988 Epidural versus combined spinal epidural block for cesarean section.
corticospinal excitability
(126 times)
Neurology
(53 times)
TMS (62 times)
MEPs (23 times)
SICI (15 times)
2007 Do you see what I mean? Corticospinal excitability during observation of culture-specific gestures.
convulsive status epilepticus
(120 times)
Neurology
(83 times)
NCSE (17 times)
SE (17 times)
EEG (10 times)
1995 Metabolic abnormalities and new-onset seizures in human immunodeficiency virus-seropositive patients.
CS extract
(97 times)
Cell Biology
(29 times)
CS (96 times)
COPD (45 times)
ROS (10 times)
2002 The effects of cigarette smoke extract on the endothelial production of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 are mediated through macrophages, possibly by inducing TNF-alpha release.
Clearfil SE Bond
(80 times)
Dentistry
(64 times)
SB (11 times)
SEM (11 times)
SBS (9 times)
2002 Bond strength of five current adhesives to caries-affected dentin.
conventional spin-echo
(71 times)
Radiology
(30 times)
FSE (42 times)
MS (18 times)
FLAIR (8 times)
1992 Fast spin-echo MR imaging of the female pelvis. Part I. Use of a whole-volume coil.
combined spinal-epidural anesthesia
(59 times)
Anesthesiology
(31 times)
CS (4 times)
EA (4 times)
PDPH (4 times)
1992 [The reuse of 29-gauge spinal needles following combined spinal-epidural anesthesia].
10  congruency sequence effect
(43 times)
Psychology
(30 times)
ANT (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2009 The conflict adaptation is affected by attentional strategies: evidence from the arrow flanker task.
11  core self-evaluations
(40 times)
Psychology
(14 times)
LOC (2 times)
CFA (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
2009 The role of core self-evaluations in the coping process.
12  clinical skills examination
(39 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(7 times)
FEES (4 times)
SSE (4 times)
ABPN (2 times)
1991 Standard setting in optometric clinical skills examinations.
13  coping self-efficacy
(39 times)
Psychology
(14 times)
PTSD (6 times)
PTSS (5 times)
CET (2 times)
1997 Coping self-efficacy buffers psychological and physiological disturbances in HIV-infected men following a natural disaster.
14  cigarette smoke exposure
(38 times)
Toxicology
(10 times)
COPD (4 times)
GD (4 times)
PD (4 times)
2002 Mainstream and sidestream cigarette smoke exposure increases Ca2+-dependent phospholipid binding proteins in guinea pig alveolar type II cells.
15  chemical shift-encoded
(31 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(23 times)
PDFF (18 times)
MRS (5 times)
ICC (3 times)
2013 On the confounding effect of temperature on chemical shift-encoded fat quantification.
16  commercial sexual exploitation
(28 times)
Pediatrics
(10 times)
aOR (2 times)
CI (2 times)
CBCL (1 time)
2013 Child trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation: a review of promising prevention policies and programs.
17  comprehensive sexuality education
(24 times)
Public Health
(8 times)
SRH (3 times)
FGDs (2 times)
AE (1 time)
2008 Support for comprehensive sexuality education: perspectives from parents of school-age youth.
18  conventional solvent extraction
(23 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
UAE (10 times)
MAE (8 times)
RSM (8 times)
2004 Optimization of the extraction of paclitaxel from Taxus baccata L. by the use of microwave energy.
19  core stability exercise
(22 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
LBP (8 times)
NSLBP (4 times)
CG (3 times)
2011 A comparison of pain level and entropy changes following core stability exercise intervention.
20  carbapenem-susceptible Enterobacteriaceae
(21 times)
Communicable Diseases
(6 times)
CRE (16 times)
CI (4 times)
LOS (3 times)
2011 Clinical epidemiology of carbapenem-intermediate or -resistant Enterobacteriaceae.
21  collective self-esteem
(18 times)
Psychology
(11 times)
PSE (2 times)
AS (1 time)
CSES (1 time)
1994 The influence of personal and collective self-esteem on strategies of social differentiation.
22  chronic solvent encephalopathy
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
ERP (2 times)
OHS (2 times)
AUD (1 time)
2006 Genetic polymorphism of metabolic enzymes modifies the risk of chronic solvent-induced encephalopathy.
23  Common Standards for Quantitative Electrocardiography
(16 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
ECG (7 times)
MEANS (2 times)
VCG (2 times)
1985 Establishment of a reference library for evaluating computer ECG measurement programs.
24  child sexual exploitation
(15 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
ASD (1 time)
CSA (1 time)
HIV/STI (1 time)
2010 Factors that influence police conceptualizations of girls involved in prostitution in six U.S. cities: child sexual exploitation victims or delinquents?
25  creative self-efficacy
(15 times)
Nursing
(5 times)
BCS (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
2009 Self-care behaviour and factors associated with patient outcomes following same-day discharge percutaneous coronary intervention.
26  Caffeoyl shikimate esterase
(14 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
HCT (3 times)
C3H (1 time)
C4H (1 time)
2013 Caffeoyl shikimate esterase (CSE) is an enzyme in the lignin biosynthetic pathway in Arabidopsis.
27  capillary sieving electrophoresis
(13 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(13 times)
FQ (3 times)
MECC (2 times)
MEKC (2 times)
2003 Identification of proteins in single-cell capillary electrophoresis fingerprints based on comigration with standard proteins.
28  cross-sectional echocardiography
(13 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
MS (2 times)
AHCM (1 time)
AMA (1 time)
1979 Right ventricular outflow tract assessment by cross-sectional echocardiography in tetralogy of Fallot.
29  chronic solvent-induced encephalopathy
(12 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
CAMQ (1 time)
CAU (1 time)
D2R (1 time)
2006 Visual search and eye movements in patients with chronic solvent-induced toxic encephalopathy.
30  Compulsory Secondary Education
(12 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
BD (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
ATE (1 time)
1999 Anti-tobacco education in Spanish schools.
31  cigarette smoke
(11 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
LDL (2 times)
PBS (2 times)
VEGF (2 times)
1987 Acute cigarette smoke exposure causes lung injury in rabbits treated with ibuprofen.
32  conventional SE
(11 times)
Radiology
(8 times)
FSE (6 times)
HP (2 times)
JTE (2 times)
1991 [Low flip-angle spin-echo imaging of the liver. Basic study and its application to hepatic space-occupying lesions].
33  cardiac sources of embolism
(10 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
TTE (4 times)
TEE (3 times)
TIA (3 times)
2005 The role of the 12-lead ECG as a screening test for cardiac source of embolus.
34  convulsive SE
(10 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
SE (10 times)
NCSE (8 times)
EPC (2 times)
1999 The association between seizure clustering and convulsive status epilepticus in patients with intractable complex partial seizures.
35  crude soluble extract
(10 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
ES (2 times)
LMM (2 times)
NCC (2 times)
1998 Application of an immunoassay to determine risk factors associated with porcine cysticercosis in rural areas of Yucatan, Mexico.
36  chitin soluble extract
(9 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
5-FU (1 time)
cpm (1 time)
GI (1 time)
1983 In vitro and in vivo adherence of Candida albicans to mucosal surfaces.
37  combined spinal-epidural technique
(9 times)
Anesthesiology
(8 times)
CSA (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
EPID (1 time)
1997 Comparison of continuous spinal with combined spinal-epidural anesthesia using plain bupivacaine 0.5% in trauma patients.
38  cesarean scar endometriosis
(7 times)
Women's Health
(1 time)
AWE (2 times)
CT (1 time)
FNA (1 time)
2016 Surgical Treatment of Scar Endometriosis Following Cesarean Section, a Series of 12 Cases.
39  cognitive systems engineering
(7 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
CND (1 time)
EID (1 time)
MMSs (1 time)
2001 Cognitive systems engineering: new wine in new bottles.
40  conserved sequence element
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
UTR (2 times)
BAC (1 time)
CTCF (1 time)
2003 Computational comparison of two mouse draft genomes and the human golden path.
41  Coping Self-Efficacy Scale
(7 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
CMTR (2 times)
PDS (2 times)
SCL-D (2 times)
2010 Validation of the short form of the Chinese Childbirth Self-Efficacy Inventory in Mainland China.
42  cystathionine beta-synthase and cystathionine gamma-lyase
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
DNMT (1 time)
hCSE (1 time)
Hcy (1 time)
2008 Structural basis for the inhibition mechanism of human cystathionine gamma-lyase, an enzyme responsible for the production of H(2)S.
43  cochlea-scaled entropy
(6 times)
Audiology
(6 times)
EAS (2 times)
RMS (2 times)
CSII (1 time)
2012 Contributions of cochlea-scaled entropy and consonant-vowel boundaries to prediction of speech intelligibility in noise.
44  contrast stress echocardiography
(6 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
CAD (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
BNP (2 times)
2004 Prognostic value of contrast stress echocardiography in patients with image quality too limited for traditional noncontrast harmonic echocardiography.
45  counseling self-efficacy
(6 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
AS-R (1 time)
CASES-R (1 time)
SAT (1 time)
2013 Adult attachment, attachment to the supervisor, and the supervisory alliance: how they relate to novice therapists' perceived counseling self-efficacy.
46  cystathionase
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CBS (2 times)
3-NT (1 time)
6-ECDCA (1 time)
1983 Cystathionase: a potential cytoplasmic marker of hematopoietic differentiation.
47  chicory seed extract
(5 times)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
ET2D (1 time)
FBS (1 time)
LSCM (1 time)
2012 Molecular mechanisms of celery seed extract induced apoptosis via s phase cell cycle arrest in the BGC-823 human stomach cancer cell line.
48  cholesterol synthesis enzyme
(5 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
ACE (2 times)
ACD-A (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
1999 [Comparison of cholesterol synthesizing enzymes (CSE) inhibitors].
49  Common Standards for Electrocardiography
(5 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
ECGs (2 times)
RMS (2 times)
AHA-BIH (1 time)
1992 Data compression for storage of resting ECGs digitized at 500 samples/second.
50  computer self-efficacy
(5 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
ATI (1 time)
ATT (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2015 Self-care management questionnaire for long-term indwelling urinary catheter users.
51  contraceptive self-efficacy
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
FP (1 time)
RCK (1 time)
1984 Contraceptive self-efficacy: a primary prevention strategy.
52  cell seeding efficiency
(4 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
ASCs (1 time)
CSD (1 time)
CSV (1 time)
2006 New technique of seeding chondrocytes into microporous poly(L-lactide-co-epsilon-caprolactone) sponge by cyclic compression force-induced suction.
53  cell sheet engineering
(4 times)
Polymers
(1 time)
MC (2 times)
CA (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2016 The application of cell sheet engineering in the vascularization of tissue regeneration.
54  Chinese Society of Endocrinology
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
ATA (1 time)
ATDs (1 time)
BTA (1 time)
2011 Stratifying and tailoring HbA1c control targets for adults with Type 2 diabetes: interpretation of the consensus proposed by the Chinese Society of Endocrinology.
55  Clearfil SE
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
ABS (1 time)
CS3 (1 time)
ER (1 time)
2009 Fatigue of enamel bonds with self-etch adhesives.
56  cluster skeletal electrons
(4 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
--- 2010 Unexpected transformation of a diamagnetic Mo3(mu3-S)(mu-S)3 to a paramagnetic Mo3(mu3-S)2(mu-S)3 cluster core by reaction of [Mo3S4(dppe)3Br3]PF6 with (t)BuSNa.
57  contingent self-esteem
(4 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
FNE (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
SPA (1 time)
2004 Appearance-related social comparisons: the role of contingent self-esteem and self-perceptions of attractiveness.
58  conventional T2-weighted spin-echo
(4 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
SPIO (2 times)
CI (1 time)
CNR (1 time)
1992 [Low flip angle spin-echo MR imaging to obtain better Gd-DTPA enhanced imaging with ECG gating].
59  coping strategy enhancement
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
BPD (1 time)
CBTp (1 time)
NHS (1 time)
1993 A trial of two cognitive-behavioural methods of treating drug-resistant residual psychotic symptoms in schizophrenic patients: I. Outcome.
60  corn silk extract
(4 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
BHT (1 time)
CS (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2017 Stabilization of Neem Oil Biodiesel with Corn Silk Extract during Long-term Storage.
61  cystathionine gamma-lyase enzyme
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
AHR (1 time)
AOAA (1 time)
CDCA (1 time)
2015 Effect of chenodeoxycholic acid and sodium hydrogen sulfide in dinitro benzene sulfonic acid (DNBS)--Induced ulcerative colitis in rats.
62  gamma-cystathionase
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CBS (2 times)
ALDH (1 time)
ALT (1 time)
2016 Heme-dependent Metabolite Switching Regulates H2S Synthesis in Response to Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) Stress.
63  C. sativus extract
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CaM (1 time)
GTCS (1 time)
IGF-IIR (1 time)
2015 Effects of hydroalcoholic extract of Coriandrum sativum on oxidative damage in pentylenetetrazole-induced seizures in rats.
64  Central and South-Eastern
(3 times)
Biological Evolution
(1 time)
WCR (2 times)
NW (1 time)
p.a (1 time)
2010 The international limits and population at risk of Plasmodium vivax transmission in 2009.
65  chemical shift effect
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
AUC (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2017 Chemical shift effect predicting lymph node status in rectal cancer using high-resolution MR imaging with node-for-node matched histopathological validation.
66  cherry stem extract
(3 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
GA (3 times)
PRE (3 times)
GTE (2 times)
2015 Colour stabilities of sour cherry juice concentrates enhanced with gallic acid and various plant extracts during storage.
67  child support enforcement
(3 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
SSA (1 time)
SSI (1 time)
TANF (1 time)
2002 Improving child support enforcement for children receiving SSI.
68  childhood sexual experiences
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CSA (1 time)
MSM (1 time)
MSMW (1 time)
1995 Detecting a history of childhood sexual experiences among women substance abusers.
69  Choto-san extract
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
USE (3 times)
CAT (1 time)
GSH-Px (1 time)
2002 Inhibitory effects of Choto-san (Diao-teng-san), and hooks and stems of Uncaria sinensis on free radical-induced lysis of rat red blood cells.
70  cilia-stopping effect
(3 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
MG (1 time)
1970 Growth and Pathogenesis of Mycoplasma mycoides var. capri in Chicken Embryo Tracheal Organ Cultures.
71  cochlear sensory epithelia
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
C1s (1 time)
Cfi (1 time)
FC (1 time)
2001 Heterogeneity of phospholipase C in the cochlea of the guinea pig.
72  coconut shell extract
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CGPB (1 time)
CH (1 time)
CNT (1 time)
2011 A comprehensive evaluation of the toxicology of cigarette ingredients: cocoa-derived ingredients.
73  coffee silverskin
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
AGE (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
CGA (1 time)
2019 Phenolic compounds from coffee by-products modulate adipogenesis-related inflammation, mitochondrial dysfunction, and insulin resistance in adipocytes, via insulin/PI3K/AKT signaling pathways.
74  Cognitive Status Examination
(3 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
AIS (1 time)
CDT (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1991 Utility of a brief cognitive screening instrument in substance abuse patients: initial investigation.
75  Community and stakeholder engagement
(3 times)
Ethics
(2 times)
--- 2018 A Framework for Community and Stakeholder Engagement: Experiences From a Multicenter Study in Southern Africa.
76  concurrent strength and endurance
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
EO (1 time)
MD (1 time)
SMD (1 time)
2008 The effect of strength training on three-kilometer performance in recreational women endurance runners.
77  Cone-shaped epiphyses
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 1971 Cone-shaped epiphyses (CSE) in siblings with hereditary renal disease and retinitis pigmentosa.
78  configural superiority effect
(3 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
--- 2016 Inhibition drives configural superiority of illusory Gestalt: Combined behavioral and drift-diffusion model evidence.
79  Confusional State Evaluation
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
--- 1997 Confusional State Evaluation (CSE): an instrument for measuring severity of delirium in the elderly.
80  control standard endotoxin
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
LAL (2 times)
ABS (1 time)
BET (1 time)
1989 Recovery of endotoxin preparations from the surface of glass capillary tubes.
81  Cordyceps sinensis extract
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
BMECs (1 time)
COX (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2008 Antiaging effect of Cordyceps sinensis extract.
82  coupled-channel Schrodinger-equation
(3 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
EUV (1 time)
2005 Predissociation mechanism for the lowest 1 Pi u states of N2.
83  cycle of seminiferous epithelium
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
GSI (1 time)
1992 Kinetics of spermatogenesis in megachiropteran bat, Rousettus leschenaulti (Desmarset): seminiferous epithelial cycle, frequency of stages, spermatogonial renewal and germ cell degeneration.
84  c-lyase
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CBS (1 time)
I/R (1 time)
MCA (1 time)
2018 Vascular Protection of Hydrogen Sulfide on Cerebral Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury in Rats.
85  C. sappan heartwood
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BRE (2 times)
MBC (1 time)
MBCs (1 time)
2014 Anti-Propionibacterium acnes assay-guided purification of brazilin and preparation of brazilin rich extract from Caesalpinia sappan heartwood.
86  C. sinensis
(2 times)
Food
(1 time)
HUVECs (1 time)
1998 A Clonorchis sinensis-specific antigen that detects active human clonorchiasis.
87  Caesalpinia sappan extract
(2 times)
Nutrigenomics
(1 time)
IL-1beta (2 times)
OA (2 times)
COX-2 (1 time)
2011 Caesalpinia sappan extract inhibits IL1beta-mediated overexpression of matrix metalloproteinases in human chondrocytes.
88  Camellia oleifera seeds
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
ALT (1 time)
AST (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
2018 Camellia oleifera seed extract attenuated abdominal and hepatic fat accumulation in rats fed a high-fat diet.
89  Canine status epilepticus
(2 times)
Animal Diseases
(1 time)
FOS (1 time)
HPLC-MS (1 time)
LEV (1 time)
2015 Use of IV fosphenytoin pharmacokinetics to determine the loading dose for a clinical trial of canine status epilepticus.
90  carbon sequestration efficiency
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
KMnO4-C (1 time)
OF (1 time)
PM (1 time)
2013 [Effects of long-term fertilization on soil organic carbon pool and carbon sequestration under double rice cropping].
91  Cassiae Semen extract
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BUN (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
HSHF (1 time)
2012 The activity of lowering intraocular pressure of cassiae seed extract in a DBA/2J mouse glaucoma model.
92  cerebroside sulfuric ester
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DCC (1 time)
TLC (1 time)
1981 The application of droplet counter-current chromatography (DCC) for the separation of acidic glycolipids.
93  Child Social Exclusion
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ACSC (1 time)
AIHW (1 time)
CSD (1 time)
2013 Social exclusion, deprivation and child health: a spatial analysis of ambulatory care sensitive conditions in children aged 0-4 years in Victoria, Australia.
94  choreoathetosis/spasticity
(2 times)
Epilepsy
(1 time)
CAE (1 time)
EOAE (1 time)
Glut1 (1 time)
1996 A gene for autosomal dominant paroxysmal choreoathetosis/spasticity (CSE) maps to the vicinity of a potassium channel gene cluster on chromosome 1p, probably within 2 cM between D1S443 and D1S197.
95  cigarette smoke water extract
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
Egr-1 (2 times)
CS (1 time)
HO-1 (1 time)
2007 MAPK pathway mediates EGR-1-HSP70-dependent cigarette smoke-induced chemokine production.
96  closed-skill exercise
(2 times)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
OSE (2 times)
IGF-1 (1 time)
IL-6 (1 time)
2019 Effects of Open Versus Closed Skill Exercise on Cognitive Function: A Systematic Review.
97  coenzyme A reductase
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ACE (1 time)
ECs (1 time)
ICUS (1 time)
2000 Hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors modify the inflammatory response of human macrophages and endothelial cells infected with Chlamydia pneumoniae.
98  cofactor specificity engineering
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CMA (1 time)
GAPD (1 time)
2014 Cofactor modification analysis: a computational framework to identify cofactor specificity engineering targets for strain improvement.
99  coherent spontaneous emission
(2 times)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
FEL (1 time)
FEM (1 time)
2000 Self-amplification of coherent spontaneous emission in a cherenkov free-electron maser
100  colistin sulfate
(2 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
DAO (2 times)
COS (1 time)
IEL (1 time)
2012 Effect of chito-oligosaccharide on growth performance, intestinal barrier function, intestinal morphology and cecal microflora in weaned pigs.