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Abbreviation: CSI
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
craniospinal irradiation
(341 times)
Neoplasms
(228 times)
OS (47 times)
RT (45 times)
CNS (28 times)
1991 The change in patterns of relapse in medulloblastoma.
chemical shift imaging
(289 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(129 times)
MRS (29 times)
MRI (26 times)
SNR (23 times)
1988 Estimation of the biological value of food proteins by a modified equation of the essential amino acid index and the chemical score.
channel state information
(163 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(97 times)
MIMO (22 times)
BS (10 times)
RSSI (8 times)
2012 An Algorithm That Predicts CSI to Allocate Bandwidth for Healthcare Monitoring in Hospital's Waiting Rooms.
Central Sensitization Inventory
(145 times)
Neurology
(43 times)
CS (59 times)
CSS (17 times)
PCS (13 times)
2011 The development and psychometric validation of the central sensitization inventory.
cervical spine injury
(113 times)
Emergency Medicine
(24 times)
CT (22 times)
GCS (10 times)
MRI (8 times)
1989 Coincidence of head and cervical spine injury.
Caregiver Strain Index
(82 times)
Rehabilitation
(18 times)
QoL (6 times)
mRS (5 times)
BI (4 times)
1983 Validation of a Caregiver Strain Index.
cholesterol saturation index
(75 times)
Gastroenterology
(34 times)
NT (6 times)
HMG-CoA (5 times)
TC (5 times)
1979 Nucleation time: a key factor in the pathogenesis of cholesterol gallstone disease.
corticosteroid injection
(55 times)
Orthopedics
(14 times)
VAS (9 times)
PRP (6 times)
ESWT (5 times)
2005 Intralesional corticosteroid injection versus extracorporeal shock wave therapy for plantar fasciopathy.
cerebral state index
(53 times)
Anesthesiology
(22 times)
BIS (15 times)
TCI (6 times)
CSM (5 times)
2005 Comparative evaluation of the cerebral state index and the bispectral index during target-controlled infusion of propofol.
10  clinical stage I
(53 times)
Neoplasms
(26 times)
NSGCT (9 times)
RPLND (7 times)
BEP (5 times)
1984 Unilateral retroperitoneal lymph node dissection in patients with non-seminomatous testicular tumor in clinical stage I.
11  cavernous sinus invasion
(24 times)
Endocrinology
(8 times)
GTR (5 times)
MRI (5 times)
PA (5 times)
2004 Magnetic resonance imaging of cavernous sinus invasion by pituitary adenoma diagnostic criteria and surgical findings.
12  cough severity index
(24 times)
Otolaryngology
(12 times)
RSI (5 times)
SLN (4 times)
VHI-10 (3 times)
1999 The relationship between caries activity and the status of dental caries--application of the Dentocult SM method.
13  Children's Somatization Inventory
(22 times)
Pediatrics
(10 times)
EA (2 times)
IBS (2 times)
QoL (2 times)
2001 Ukrainian application of the Children's Somatization Inventory: psychometric properties and associations with internalizing symptoms.
14  chlorosulfonyl isocyanate
(22 times)
Chemistry
(11 times)
AChE (3 times)
BChE (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1984 Surface modification of polycarbonate with synthetic polyelectrolyte-anticoagulant activity.
15  conventional syringe irrigation
(22 times)
Dentistry
(10 times)
PUI (17 times)
EA (4 times)
PIPS (4 times)
2014 Efficacy of different irrigation techniques in the removal of calcium hydroxide from a simulated internal root resorption cavity.
16  cumulative stress index
(22 times)
Physiology
(11 times)
LBNP (18 times)
DNP (4 times)
HR (4 times)
1989 Adaptation to repeated presyncopal lower body negative pressure exposures.
17  continuous subcutaneous infusion
(21 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
rhGH (3 times)
G-CSF (2 times)
IGF-I (2 times)
1987 [Antitumor effects and pulmonary toxicity of bleomycin administered by continuous subcutaneous infusion in patients with advanced cervical cancer].
18  cardiac sympathetic index
(18 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
CVI (8 times)
HRV (7 times)
HR (3 times)
2006 Hyperthermia induced atrial natriuretic peptide expression and deviant heart development in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar embryos.
19  cigarette smoke inhalation
(18 times)
Dentistry
(16 times)
BIC (4 times)
RESV (3 times)
BA (2 times)
2004 Matrix metalloproteinase-2 may be involved with increased bone loss associated with experimental periodontitis and smoking: a study in rats.
20  compression strength index
(17 times)
Orthopedics
(9 times)
ISI (9 times)
BSI (8 times)
BMD (7 times)
2009 Association analyses of vitamin D-binding protein gene with compression strength index variation in Caucasian nuclear families.
21  Chippaux-Smirak index
(16 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
SI (4 times)
AI (2 times)
BMI (2 times)
2007 Foot structure in overweight and obese children.
22  choroidal-scleral interface
(16 times)
Ophthalmology
(12 times)
RPE (5 times)
BM (3 times)
EDI-OCT (3 times)
2012 Automated choroidal segmentation of 1060 nm OCT in healthy and pathologic eyes using a statistical model.
23  closed-state inactivation
(16 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
Kv (3 times)
BrS (2 times)
OSI (2 times)
2006 Na channel inactivation from open and closed states.
24  Computerized Severity Index
(15 times)
Health Services
(5 times)
APACHE II (2 times)
DRGs (2 times)
HELP (2 times)
1986 The Computerized Severity Index. A new tool for case-mix management.
25  combined sensory index
(14 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
CTS (9 times)
CMAP (1 time)
CSA (1 time)
1998 Strategies for analyzing nerve conduction data: superiority of a summary index over single tests.
26  comprehensive smoking index
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
BMI (3 times)
ORs (3 times)
CIs (2 times)
2004 A comprehensive index for the modeling of smoking history in periodontal research.
27  coronary stenosis index
(14 times)
Vascular Diseases
(7 times)
CAD (4 times)
MI (4 times)
FMD (2 times)
1982 Atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries in collagen disease and allied disorders, with special reference to vasculitis as a preceding lesion of coronary atherosclerosis.
28  cue-stimulus interval
(14 times)
Psychology
(10 times)
RSI (4 times)
RTs (3 times)
EEG (2 times)
2001 Automatic and intentional activation of task sets.
29  Compressive spectral imaging
(13 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
CASSI (2 times)
FPA (2 times)
PSNR (2 times)
2014 Colored coded aperture design by concentration of measure in compressive spectral imaging.
30  Celiac Symptom Index
(12 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
CD (8 times)
GFD (4 times)
CDAT (2 times)
2009 A validated disease-specific symptom index for adults with celiac disease.
31  clinically significant injury
(11 times)
Emergency Medicine
(4 times)
CT (3 times)
CI (2 times)
A/P (1 time)
2001 Relevance of the number of positive bottles in determining clinical significance of coagulase-negative staphylococci in blood cultures.
32  contrast score index
(11 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
WMSI (8 times)
AMI (5 times)
PCI (5 times)
1998 Tissue-type plasminogen activator therapy versus primary coronary angioplasty: impact on myocardial tissue perfusion and regional function 1 month after uncomplicated myocardial infarction.
33  Coping Strategies Inventory
(11 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
CBGT (2 times)
IBQ (2 times)
IPQ-R (2 times)
2007 Spanish version of the Coping Strategies Inventory.
34  coronary stent implantation
(11 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
PTCA (5 times)
SVD (5 times)
CRP (2 times)
1997 New Perspectives on the Cost-Effectiveness of Palmaz-Schatz Coronary Stenting, Balloon Angioplasty, and Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery N A Decision Model Analysis.
35  chitin synthesis inhibitor
(10 times)
Zoology
(4 times)
DFB (2 times)
IGR (2 times)
DD (1 time)
1986 Effects of chitin synthesis inhibitors on incorporation of nucleosides into DNA and RNA in a cell line from Manduca sexta (L).
36  confocal spectral imaging
(10 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
MIDL (3 times)
MITOX (2 times)
MTX (2 times)
1997 Localization and molecular interactions of mitoxantrone within living K562 cells as probed by confocal spectral imaging analysis.
37  crime scene investigation
(10 times)
Jurisprudence
(5 times)
HS (1 time)
NICC (1 time)
NIR-HSI (1 time)
2012 [The CSI effect and its impact on the perceptions of forensic science experts' work].
38  cross-sectional imaging
(10 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
CD (3 times)
MRE (2 times)
ROC (2 times)
2005 Voice recognition for radiology reporting: is it good enough?
39  cell secretory index
(9 times)
Histology
(3 times)
GIP (3 times)
IR (3 times)
PYY (3 times)
1997 Image analysis of the duodenal endocrine cells in mice with particular regard to optical densitometry.
40  cervical stromal invasion
(9 times)
Gynecology
(5 times)
EC (3 times)
DMI (2 times)
LVI (2 times)
2002 Predictors of lymphatic failure in endometrial cancer.
41  Cholesterol-Saturated Fat Index
(9 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
TI (2 times)
AI (1 time)
AIP (1 time)
1986 The cholesterol/saturated-fat index: an indication of the hypercholesterolaemic and atherogenic potential of food.
42  Constipation Severity Instrument
(9 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
BFT (1 time)
BIA (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2012 Whole-body vibration for functional constipation: a single-centre, single-blinded, randomized controlled trial.
43  clinical severe infection
(8 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
PSBI (6 times)
PHC (4 times)
CI (3 times)
2020 Feasibility of implementation of simplified management of young infants with possible serious bacterial infection when referral is not feasible in tribal areas of Pune district, Maharashtra, India.
44  coherence scanning interferometry
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
CI (1 time)
CWT (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
2016 Comparison of envelope detection techniques in coherence scanning interferometry.
45  cold-spray ionization
(8 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
ESI (3 times)
MS (3 times)
obs (2 times)
2002 Design and synthesis of a novel magnetic resonance imaging contrast agent for selective sensing of zinc ion.
46  contrast source inversion
(8 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
CNN (1 time)
EPT (1 time)
FDTD (1 time)
2013 Finite Element Modeling of scattered electromagnetic waves for stroke analysis.
47  cortical stab injury
(8 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ATA (1 time)
CR (1 time)
dpi (1 time)
2006 Up-regulation of ectonucleotidase activity after cortical stab injury in rats.
48  cortisol suppression index
(8 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
DST (4 times)
MDD (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
1982 Cortisol suppression index: a new approach to interpreting the DST in depression.
49  Couple Satisfaction Index
(8 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
DAS (2 times)
BPAD (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
2008 Testing the ruler with item response theory: increasing precision of measurement for relationship satisfaction with the Couples Satisfaction Index.
50  cervical stromal involvement
(7 times)
Gynecology
(4 times)
MI (4 times)
EC (3 times)
LVSI (2 times)
2011 Association of number of positive nodes and cervical stroma invasion with outcome of advanced endometrial cancer treated with chemotherapy or whole abdominal irradiation: a Gynecologic Oncology Group study.
51  Chiari Severity Index
(7 times)
Neurosurgery
(5 times)
CM-I (3 times)
AUC (2 times)
CM1 (2 times)
2015 The Chiari Severity Index: a preoperative grading system for Chiari malformation type 1.
52  Children's Saving Inventory
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
OCD (2 times)
BAI (1 time)
BDI (1 time)
1991 Coping with cancer in remission: stressors and strategies reported by children and adolescents.
53  Chromosaponin I
(7 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
Col (2 times)
1-NOA (1 time)
AVG (1 time)
1994 Antioxidative effects of dihydro-gamma-pyronyl-triterpenoid saponin (chromosaponin I).
54  chronic social instability
(7 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
3-HK (1 time)
ACE (1 time)
aSI (1 time)
2017 Chronic social instability in adult female rats alters social behavior, maternal aggression and offspring development.
55  Clinical Scene Investigator
(7 times)
Nursing
(6 times)
AACN (6 times)
EPM (1 time)
NSCU (1 time)
2011 Clinical Science Investigation (CSI) Canterbury: surgical gown length and blood inside gumboots.
56  Cognitive Stability Index
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
BC (3 times)
AD/HD (1 time)
ANAM (1 time)
2003 Development and validation of a web-based screening tool for monitoring cognitive status.
57  contamination severity index
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
RI (4 times)
TRI (3 times)
ECI (2 times)
2017 Comprehensive assessment of heavy metal pollution in topsoil of historical urban park on an example of the Planty Park in Krakow (Poland).
58  critical success index
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
POD (4 times)
FAR (3 times)
AQ (1 time)
2016 The FireWork air quality forecast system with near-real-time biomass burning emissions: Recent developments and evaluation of performance for the 2015 North American wildfire season.
59  cubic spline interpolation
(7 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
EMD (2 times)
BNNM (1 time)
CCI (1 time)
2010 Simplified 2-D cubic spline interpolation scheme using direct computation algorithm.
60  Carotid Stenosis Index
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
CCA (4 times)
ICA (4 times)
NASCET (3 times)
1994 Clinical applicability of methods to measure carotid stenosis.
61  chlorophyll stability index
(6 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(3 times)
BS (1 time)
Chl-a (1 time)
FC (1 time)
2009 Toxicity of cadmium on the growth and yield of Solanum melongena L.
62  Cognitive Symptom Inventory
(6 times)
Rheumatology
(6 times)
SLE (6 times)
HADS (2 times)
MoCA (2 times)
2002 Systemic lupus erythematosus in three ethnic groups. X. Measuring cognitive impairment with the cognitive symptoms inventory.
63  concealable stigmatized identity
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AICS (1 time)
AWS (1 time)
2014 Examining effects of anticipated stigma, centrality, salience, internalization, and outness on psychological distress for people with concealable stigmatized identities.
64  confidence set inference
(6 times)
Genetics, Medical
(5 times)
COGA (1 time)
CSI-MLS (1 time)
GEE (1 time)
2005 A confidence set inference procedure for gene mapping using markers with incomplete polymorphism.
65  Context Sensitivity Index
(6 times)
Cognitive Science
(2 times)
FREE (3 times)
DASS-21 (1 time)
FI (1 time)
2018 The Context Sensitivity Index (CSI): Measuring the Ability to Identify the Presence and Absence of Stressor Context Cues.
66  Coping Strategy Indicator
(6 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
LPI (1 time)
MBI-GS (1 time)
1994 Criterion validity of a coping measure.
67  corticostatin I
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
--- 1988 Isolation and structure of corticostatin peptides from rabbit fetal and adult lung.
68  craniospinal
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
OS (3 times)
RT (2 times)
ATRT (1 time)
2003 Improvements in final height over 25 years in growth hormone (GH)-deficient childhood survivors of brain tumors receiving GH replacement.
69  CS inventory
(6 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
CS (6 times)
OA (4 times)
VAS (3 times)
2019 The important role of central sensitization in chronic musculoskeletal pain seen in different rheumatic diseases.
70  Cultural Significance Index
(6 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
AJK (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
FL (1 time)
2009 Endangered edible orchids and vulnerable gatherers in the context of HIV/AIDS in the southern highlands of Tanzania.
71  chemical shift magnetic resonance imaging
(5 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
ALR (1 time)
ASR (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
1997 Chemical shift imaging at 4.7 tesla of brown adipose tissue.
72  chronic systemic inflammation
(5 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
BioT (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CHF (1 time)
2016 Chronic systemic inflammation originating from epithelial tissues.
73  classical strain improvement
(5 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
6-APA (1 time)
API (1 time)
BGCs (1 time)
2016 Identification of a Polyketide Synthase Involved in Sorbicillin Biosynthesis by Penicillium chrysogenum.
74  clinic spasticity index
(5 times)
Complementary Therapies
(4 times)
FMA (3 times)
BI (2 times)
MAS (2 times)
2015 Color Doppler ultrasound-guided botulinum toxin type A injection combined with an ankle foot brace for treating lower limb spasticity after a stroke.
75  cognate site identification
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
ChIP (1 time)
COSMIC (1 time)
FID (1 time)
2008 CSI-Tree: a regression tree approach for modeling binding properties of DNA-binding molecules based on cognate site identification (CSI) data.
76  compound Salvia injection
(5 times)
Complementary Therapies
(5 times)
ET-1 (2 times)
CHD (1 time)
CK-BB (1 time)
2003 [Experimental study of compound salvia injection in preventing and treating chronic nephrotoxicity induced by cyclosporin A in rats].
77  Comprehensive Severity Index
(5 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
LOS (3 times)
CCI (1 time)
CMG (1 time)
2002 Development of a pediatric age- and disease-specific severity measure.
78  continuous sc infusion
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
ECC (1 time)
GH (1 time)
GHRH (1 time)
1987 Shrinking of a growth hormone-producing pituitary tumor by continuous subcutaneous infusion of the somatostatin analog SMS 201-995.
79  contralateral suppression index
(5 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AVS (5 times)
PA (4 times)
LI (3 times)
2019 Adrenal Venous Sampling in Primary Aldosteronism: The Usefulness of Contralateral Suppression Index.
80  coping strategies index
(5 times)
Food
(2 times)
CKD (1 time)
DDS (1 time)
EPOCH-RRT (1 time)
2012 HIV and severity of seasonal household food-related coping behaviors in rural Ghana.
81  copper-silver ionization
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
CFU (1 time)
DBPs (1 time)
DWDS (1 time)
2015 Use of copper-silver ionization for the control of legionellae in alkaline environments at health care facilities.
82  Cardiological Society of India
(4 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
API (2 times)
STEMI (2 times)
COVID-19 (1 time)
2015 Framework for a National STEMI Program: consensus document developed by STEMI INDIA, Cardiological Society of India and Association Physicians of India.
83  Caregiver Support Intervention
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 2020 Protocol for a randomized control trial of the caregiver support intervention with Syrian refugees in Lebanon.
84  caustic substance ingestion
(4 times)
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
(1 time)
DRI (1 time)
DS (1 time)
EaEn (1 time)
2011 Caustic ingestion and oesophageal damage in children: Clinical spectrum and feeding practices.
85  chemical shift MRI
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
AML (1 time)
CT (1 time)
Hs (1 time)
1998 From needles to numbers: can noninvasive imaging distinguish benign and malignant adrenal lesions?
86  chemical shift spectroscopy imaging
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
ADC (1 time)
BIWS (1 time)
DTI (1 time)
2000 Artifacts in CSI-measurements caused by the drift of the static magnetic field.
87  chemical structure identification
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
EI (2 times)
GRNs (2 times)
ORD (2 times)
2012 Structural identification by differential mass spectrometry as a criterion for selecting the best quantum chemical calculation of formation enthalpy for tetrachlorinated biphenyls.
88  Child Symptom Inventory
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
ADHD (3 times)
ASI (2 times)
CBCL (2 times)
2002 Four-year follow-up of children with low intelligence and ADHD: a replication.
89  cognitive screening instrument
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
MMSE (3 times)
MoCA (2 times)
ACE-R (1 time)
2014 Effect Size (Cohen's d) of Cognitive Screening Instruments Examined in Pragmatic Diagnostic Accuracy Studies.
90  cognitive style index
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
alpha-T (2 times)
CF (2 times)
CVS (1 time)
2004 Cognitive function of children with cystic fibrosis: deleterious effect of early malnutrition.
91  coherence source imaging
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
MEG (3 times)
DS (2 times)
NDS (2 times)
2017 A magnetoencephalography investigation of coherence source imaging in panic disorder.
92  Colorado Symptom Index
(4 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
CFA (1 time)
CPDM (1 time)
CPIs (1 time)
2005 A computerized self-report symptom distress inventory: for use as a routine clinical interview in schizophrenia.
93  composite salvia injection
(4 times)
Complementary Therapies
(4 times)
AP (1 time)
ApoA1 (1 time)
BPC (1 time)
2003 [Clinical observation on gastrointestinal protective effect of Composite Salviae injection in patients undergoing cardio-pulmonary bypass heart surgery].
94  composite spasticity index
(4 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
WMFT (2 times)
ARRS (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2012 Virtual reality versus conventional treatment of reaching ability in chronic stroke: clinical feasibility study.
95  Core Symptom Index
(4 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
GDS (2 times)
CFA (1 time)
CSDD (1 time)
2013 Detection of suicide among the elderly in a long term care facility.
96  cortical spreading ischemia
(4 times)
Brain
(2 times)
CSD (3 times)
aCSF (2 times)
NOS (2 times)
1998 Nitric oxide scavenging by hemoglobin or nitric oxide synthase inhibition by N-nitro-L-arginine induces cortical spreading ischemia when K+ is increased in the subarachnoid space.
97  calcaneus stiffness index
(3 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
HBR (2 times)
BMD (1 time)
CBUA (1 time)
2014 Effect of hyperbilirubinaemia on neurocognitive, renal, bone and cardiovascular markers in HIV infection treated with boosted protease inhibitors.
98  caregiver strain
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CFQ (1 time)
2014 Distress in cancer patients and their caregivers and association with the caregivers' perception of dyadic communication.
99  cell shape index
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
AAc (1 time)
CS (1 time)
ER (1 time)
2007 Regulation of vascular smooth muscle cells on poly(ethylene terephthalate) film by O-carboxymethylchitosan surface immobilization.
100  cervical spine instability
(3 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
RA (2 times)
AAS (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2014 Current prevalence and characteristics of cervical spine instability in patients with rheumatoid arthritis in the era of biologics.