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Abbreviation: CSS
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
cancer-specific survival
(3373 times)
Neoplasms
(1668 times)
OS (1810 times)
HR (611 times)
SEER (565 times)
1990 Radical radiotherapy for carcinoma of the anal canal.
Churg-Strauss syndrome
(523 times)
Rheumatology
(134 times)
WG (88 times)
MPA (81 times)
ANCA (71 times)
1985 [Bronchial asthma, eosinophilia and lung infiltrates (Churg-Strauss syndrome)].
carotid sinus syndrome
(59 times)
Cardiology
(26 times)
CSM (17 times)
CSH (5 times)
BP (3 times)
1975 [Functional analysis of the heart conduction system in the cardio-inhibitory type of carotid sinus syndrome (CSS)].
Coffin-Siris syndrome
(49 times)
Genetics, Medical
(24 times)
ID (7 times)
NCBRS (5 times)
SWI/SNF (5 times)
2012 Mutations affecting components of the SWI/SNF complex cause Coffin-Siris syndrome.
cytokine storm syndrome
(48 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
COVID-19 (16 times)
ARDS (9 times)
SARS-CoV-2 (7 times)
2012 Making sense of the cytokine storm: a conceptual framework for understanding, diagnosing, and treating hemophagocytic syndromes.
Chronic Sinusitis Survey
(45 times)
Otolaryngology
(37 times)
CRS (23 times)
ESS (23 times)
RSDI (21 times)
1995 Longitudinal sensitivity of generic and specific health measures in chronic sinusitis.
Constant Shoulder Score
(44 times)
Orthopedics
(17 times)
OSS (12 times)
VAS (9 times)
ROM (7 times)
2006 The Penn shoulder score: reliability and validity.
central sensitivity syndrome
(39 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
CSI (13 times)
CS (8 times)
FM (5 times)
2007 Fibromyalgia and overlapping disorders: the unifying concept of central sensitivity syndromes.
clinical severity score
(38 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
HS (5 times)
FSHD (4 times)
CPITN (2 times)
1998 Intracellular hemoglobin S polymerization and the clinical severity of sickle cell anemia.
10  cultured skin substitutes
(32 times)
Traumatology
(9 times)
AG (2 times)
C-GAG (2 times)
EDC (2 times)
1993 Lipid supplemented medium induces lamellar bodies and precursors of barrier lipids in cultured analogues of human skin.
11  Constipation Scoring System
(28 times)
Gastroenterology
(8 times)
QoL (6 times)
FISI (5 times)
PAC-QOL (5 times)
2010 Abdominal massage for the alleviation of constipation symptoms in people with multiple sclerosis: a randomized controlled feasibility study.
12  cause-specific
(24 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
OS (14 times)
DFS (6 times)
LC (4 times)
1997 High dose chemotherapy and stem cell rescue for aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: pattern of failure and implications for involved-field radiotherapy.
13  chromosome substitution strains
(23 times)
Genetics
(11 times)
QTL (9 times)
FS (3 times)
RI (3 times)
1999 Susceptibility to testicular germ-cell tumours in a 129.MOLF-Chr 19 chromosome substitution strain.
14  Chaihu-Shugan-San
(22 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
CUMS (4 times)
MH (4 times)
TCM (4 times)
2005 Antidepressant effect of Chaihu-Shugan-San extract and its constituents in rat models of depression.
15  chronic social stress
(22 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
CON (4 times)
OXT (2 times)
alpha-MSH (1 time)
2011 Effects of chronic social stress during lactation on maternal behavior and growth in rats.
16  child safety seat
(20 times)
Pediatrics
(9 times)
CPS (3 times)
AAP (2 times)
AI/AN (2 times)
1989 Principles in injury control: lessons to be learned from child safety seats.
17  cold-smoked salmon
(19 times)
Microbiology
(14 times)
LAB (5 times)
HPP (2 times)
CSGH (1 time)
2002 Production of biogenic amines and divercin V41 in cold smoked salmon inoculated with Carnobacterium divergens V41, and specific detection of this strain by multiplex-PCR.
18  constitutional short stature
(19 times)
Pediatrics
(9 times)
GH (7 times)
IGF-I (5 times)
IGFBP-3 (4 times)
1978 Growth deceleration patterns in children with constitutional short stature: an aid to diagnosis.
19  Chinese stroke scale
(18 times)
Complementary Therapies
(7 times)
NIHSS (8 times)
BI (6 times)
ADL (4 times)
2003 [Early intravenous thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator for acute cerebral infarction].
20  composted sewage sludge
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
Cr (2 times)
RCW (2 times)
Zn (2 times)
2005 Use of composted sewage sludge in growth media for broccoli.
21  calibrated severity scores
(16 times)
Psychiatry
(12 times)
ASD (9 times)
ADOS (5 times)
ADOS-2 (3 times)
2013 Trajectories of autism severity in early childhood.
22  chronic serum sickness
(16 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
BSA (6 times)
ECM (2 times)
GVHD (2 times)
1977 An evaluation of elution techniques in the study of immune complex glomerulonephritis.
23  clinical SYNTAX score
(16 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
PCI (7 times)
MACE (4 times)
ACEF (3 times)
2010 A new tool for the risk stratification of patients with complex coronary artery disease: the Clinical SYNTAX Score.
24  cavernous sinus syndrome
(15 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
MRI (3 times)
CT (2 times)
CI (1 time)
1988 Cavernous sinus syndrome as the presentation of malignant lymphoma: case report and review of the literature.
25  charge-separated state
(15 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
LES (3 times)
PET (3 times)
LEPT (2 times)
2003 Mimicking photosynthesis in a computationally designed synthetic metalloprotein.
26  cigarette smoke solution
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
COPD (5 times)
LPS (3 times)
ORNs (3 times)
1992 Tobacco smoke releases performed mediators from canine mast cells and modulates prostaglandin production.
27  cross-sectional study
(15 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
HELENA (2 times)
VT (2 times)
BP-ONJ (1 time)
1984 A longitudinal study of fetal head biometry.
28  Canadian Stroke Scale
(13 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
ICH (4 times)
IL-6 (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1994 Iron-related damage in acute ischemic stroke.
29  Cyberchondria Severity Scale
(13 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
CYB (2 times)
ADs (1 time)
CFA (1 time)
2014 The development and initial validation of the cyberchondria severity scale (CSS).
30  coastal sage scrub
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
CL (1 time)
HCP (1 time)
LAI (1 time)
2000 Ecological Restoration of Coastal Sage Scrub and Its Potential Role in Habitat Conservation Plans.
31  cooperative spectrum sensing
(12 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(8 times)
FC (5 times)
SU (5 times)
PU (4 times)
2014 Goodness-of-fit based secure cooperative spectrum sensing for cognitive radio network.
32  Cellulite Severity Scale
(11 times)
Dermatology
(9 times)
BMI (2 times)
GAIS (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
2011 A bipolar radiofrequency, infrared, vacuum and mechanical massage device for treatment of cellulite: a pilot study.
33  conventional solar still
(11 times)
Toxicology
(11 times)
CPL (3 times)
MSS (3 times)
PBP (3 times)
2020 Energy, exergy, environmental, and economic analysis of natural and forced cooling of solar still with porous media.
34  cervical spinal stenosis
(10 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
BMI (3 times)
ACCF (1 time)
ACDF (1 time)
2001 Acute neurologic deterioration after surgical treatment for thoracic spinal stenosis.
35  clinical summary score
(10 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
KCCQ (5 times)
OSS (5 times)
HF (4 times)
2011 Dietary docosahexaenoic acid in combination with arachidonic acid ameliorates allergen-induced dermatitis in mice.
36  composite spasticity scale
(10 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
CP (3 times)
FES (3 times)
FMA (3 times)
2007 [Effects of functional electrical stimulation on the improvement of motor function of patients with acute stroke: a randomized controlled trial].
37  core-shell-shell
(10 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
NIR (2 times)
UCNPs (2 times)
AFP (1 time)
2014 Core-shell-shell and hollow double-shell microgels with advanced temperature responsiveness.
38  COVID Stress Scales
(10 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
Persian-C19P-S (2 times)
ADs (1 time)
C19P-S (1 time)
2020 Development and initial validation of the COVID Stress Scales.
39  Curvature Scale Space
(10 times)
Medical Informatics
(8 times)
AR (1 time)
BoCSS (1 time)
DCSS (1 time)
2004 Matching shapes with self-intersections: application to leaf classification.
40  cavernous sinus sampling
(9 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
IPSS (5 times)
CD (4 times)
MRI (4 times)
1999 Cavernous sinus sampling is highly accurate in distinguishing Cushing's disease from the ectopic adrenocorticotropin syndrome and in predicting intrapituitary tumor location.
41  cell-surface signaling
(9 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
ECF (5 times)
FoxI (2 times)
CCSSD (1 time)
2009 A Novel extracytoplasmic function (ECF) sigma factor regulates virulence in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
42  closed suction system
(9 times)
Critical Care
(3 times)
OSS (5 times)
ICU (2 times)
MV (2 times)
1998 The practice and perception of intensive care staff using the closed suctioning system.
43  combined sewer system
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
CSO (7 times)
CSDT (1 time)
CSOs (1 time)
2007 Occurrence and fate of organic pollutants in combined sewer systems and possible impacts on receiving waters.
44  complication severity score
(9 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CCI (2 times)
PACT (2 times)
AChE (1 time)
2008 Comparison of botulinium toxin injection and posterior anorectal myectomy in treatment of internal anal sphincter achalasia.
45  cough symptom score
(9 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4 times)
VAS (7 times)
LCQ (4 times)
CAP (1 time)
2015 The efficacy of QingfengGanke granule in treating postinfectious cough in pathogenic wind invading lungs syndrome: a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.
46  Crisis Support Scale
(9 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
HTQ (7 times)
PTSD (5 times)
TSC (5 times)
1997 The aftermath of an industrial disaster.
47  Cataract Symptom Score
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
GMV (1 time)
SIP (1 time)
VA (1 time)
1997 Validation of French-language versions of the Visual Functioning Index (VF-14) and the Cataract Symptom Score.
48  Chronic sclerosing sialadenitis
(8 times)
Pathology
(6 times)
IgG4-RD (2 times)
FNA (1 time)
HPF (1 time)
2005 Abundant IgG4-positive plasma cell infiltration characterizes chronic sclerosing sialadenitis (Kuttner's tumor).
49  closed-shell singlet
(8 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
OSS (5 times)
DFT (3 times)
TD (2 times)
2011 o-Iminobenzosemiquinonate and o-imino-p-methylbenzosemiquinonate anion radicals coupled VO2+ stabilization.
50  critical shear stress
(8 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
RBC (4 times)
AI (2 times)
EI (2 times)
2012 Investigation of critical shear stress with simultaneous measurement of electrical impedance, capacitance and light backscattering.
51  car safety seat
(7 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
CPS (2 times)
CPST (2 times)
AAP (1 time)
2009 Transporting children with special health care needs: comparing recommendations and practice.
52  Carney-Stratakis syndrome
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
SDH (6 times)
CT (4 times)
GISTs (4 times)
2010 Succinate dehydrogenase gene mutations are strongly associated with paraganglioma of the organ of Zuckerkandl.
53  clinically significant seroma
(7 times)
Brachytherapy
(2 times)
NPWT (2 times)
ADM (1 time)
AL (1 time)
2008 Incidence and prognostic factors for seroma development after MammoSite breast brachytherapy.
54  composite symptom score
(7 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
DESS (2 times)
GERD (2 times)
LTRA (2 times)
2005 Validation of a pediatric caregiver diary to measure symptoms of postacute respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis.
55  corn stunt spiroplasma
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AC-20 (1 time)
AS-2 (1 time)
CPE (1 time)
1978 High concentrations of horse serum inhibit growth of corn stunt spiroplasma.
56  Camellia sinensis var. sinensis
(6 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
CSA (4 times)
bHLH (1 time)
Mya (1 time)
2018 Draft genome sequence of Camellia sinensis var. sinensis provides insights into the evolution of the tea genome and tea quality.
57  charcoal-stripped serum
(6 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
AR (2 times)
AIG (1 time)
CLIA (1 time)
1993 Recombinant insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 inhibits IGF-I, serum, and estrogen-dependent growth of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells.
58  chirp spread spectrum
(6 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(3 times)
IoT (2 times)
CCC (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2016 Design of a TDOA location engine and development of a location system based on chirp spread spectrum.
59  cigarette sidestream smoke
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
NER (4 times)
6-4PPs (2 times)
ATM (1 time)
2009 Cigarette sidestream smoke induces phosphorylated histone H2AX.
60  close-spaced sublimation
(6 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
C-AFM (1 time)
CdTe (1 time)
FF (1 time)
2009 [Research on the polycrystalline CdS thin films prepared by close-spaced sublimation].
61  cold stress syndrome
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
TEG (2 times)
APTT (1 time)
DIC (1 time)
2013 Evidence of sirenian cold stress syndrome in dugongs Dugong dugon from southeast Queensland, Australia.
62  corn syrup solids
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
BE (1 time)
DE (1 time)
DP (1 time)
2002 Efficacy of partially hydrolyzed corn syrup solids as a replacement for lactose in manufactured liquid diets for neonatal pigs.
63  CRPS Severity Score
(6 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CRPS (4 times)
COPD (1 time)
DeltaT (1 time)
1995 Development of a colic severity score for predicting the outcome of equine colic.
64  Current Symptoms Scale
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
ADHD (3 times)
ASPD (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2003 Assessing adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a Turkish version of the current symptoms scale.
65  carbazochrome sodium sulfonate
(5 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
TXA (2 times)
BR (1 time)
IBL (1 time)
2012 Fluorescence quenching method for the determination of carbazochrome sodium sulfonate with aromatic amino acids.
66  cascading style sheets
(5 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
AASPIRE (1 time)
DAME (1 time)
DOM (1 time)
2001 Internet patient records: new techniques.
67  CellSearch System
(5 times)
Urology
(2 times)
CTCs (4 times)
CTC (2 times)
BC (1 time)
2012 [Identification of circulating tumor cells as a promising method of genitourinary cancer diagnosis].
68  chiisanoside
(5 times)
Biological Factors
(2 times)
CSG (3 times)
DVS (3 times)
ALT (2 times)
2018 Hepatoprotective effect of chiisanoside against acetaminophen-induced acute liver injury in mice.
69  cholesteryl succinyl silane
(5 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PCL (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
2011 Selective antileukemia effect of stabilized nanohybrid vesicles based on cholesteryl succinyl silane.
70  Clinical Severity Scale
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
FSHD (2 times)
DTCC (1 time)
ESS (1 time)
2007 Sleep quality in Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy.
71  clinical sickness score
(5 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
HIS (2 times)
SC (2 times)
BIS (1 time)
1989 A clinical sickness score for the critically ill in Central Africa.
72  clinical signs and symptoms
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AUC (2 times)
FeNO (2 times)
CFU (1 time)
2014 Hydrocortisone concentration influences time to clinically significant healing of acute inflammation of the ocular surface and adnexa - results from a double-blind randomized controlled trial.
73  clinical symptom score
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
AOE (2 times)
ARND (1 time)
ECA (1 time)
2007 Topical treatment of acute otitis externa: clinical comparison of an antibiotics ointment alone or in combination with hydrocortisone acetate.
74  coffee silverskin
(5 times)
Food
(1 time)
BioPE (1 time)
dw (1 time)
FC (1 time)
2019 Effect of Different Compatibilizers on Sustainable Composites Based on a PHBV/PBAT Matrix Filled with Coffee Silverskin.
75  collagen sponge scaffold
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
ALI (1 time)
FGF-2 (1 time)
hASCs (1 time)
2002 Application of collagen sponge scaffold to muscular defects of the esophagus: an experimental study in piglets.
76  complete sternal-sparing
(5 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
LVAD (5 times)
FS (2 times)
ECMO (1 time)
2018 Complete Sternal-Sparing HeartMate 3Implantation: A Case Series of 10Consecutive Patients.
77  continuously stable strategy
(5 times)
Biology
(4 times)
NIS (2 times)
2005 Measure dynamics on a one-dimensional continuous trait space: theoretical foundations for adaptive dynamics.
78  cortical step sign
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
DDS (4 times)
TD (4 times)
ACT (3 times)
2014 The cortical step sign fails to prevent malrotation of a nailed femoral shaft fracture: a case report.
79  Cancer Surveillance System
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ALK (1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
ePath (1 time)
2003 Dietary intake and risk of postmenopausal breast cancer (United States).
80  CancerSupportSource
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ROC (2 times)
CFA (1 time)
CFI (1 time)
2019 CancerSupportSource: validation of a revised multi-dimensional distress screening program for cancer patients and survivors.
81  cervical spine surgery
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
DCCI (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
PD (1 time)
1992 Fifty percent nitrous oxide does not increase the risk of venous air embolism in neurosurgical patients operated upon in the sitting position.
82  Chemical Sensitivity Scale
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CSS-SHR (2 times)
NSS (2 times)
EHS (1 time)
2004 A short Chemical Sensitivity Scale for assessment of airway sensory hyperreactivity.
83  Child Stress Scale
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
LSSI (2 times)
PSB (2 times)
CFA (1 time)
2017 Assessment of stress levels in girls with central precocious puberty before and during long-acting gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist treatment: a pilot study.
84  chronic short sleep
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
LCn (2 times)
AD (1 time)
WT (1 time)
2017 Neural Consequences of Chronic Short Sleep: Reversible or Lasting?
85  circular spatial scan statistic
(4 times)
Epidemiology
(2 times)
BYM (4 times)
FSS (4 times)
BN (1 time)
2012 An examination of five spatial disease clustering methodologies for the identification of childhood cancer clusters in Alberta, Canada.
86  Closed system suctioning
(4 times)
Critical Care
(2 times)
CPAP (1 time)
ETS (1 time)
ETTs (1 time)
1988 Airway pressures during closed system suctioning.
87  closest speaking space
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
IOD (1 time)
VDO (1 time)
1990 Anteroposterior and mediolateral variability of the closest speaking space.
88  cold static storage
(4 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
DCD (2 times)
NHBD (2 times)
DGF (1 time)
2010 Oxygenated hypothermic pulsatile perfusion versus cold static storage for kidneys from non heart-beating donors tested by in-line ATP resynthesis to establish a strategy of preservation.
89  Communication Skills Scale
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
BES (1 time)
IAS (1 time)
RSA (1 time)
2019 The relationship between levels of Alexithymia and communication skills of nursing students.
90  community support system
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
QoL (1 time)
1981 Quality of life in the evaluation of community support systems.
91  comprehensive surgical staging
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
DFS (2 times)
FIGO (2 times)
MOGCTs (2 times)
2002 The significance of the amount of myometrial invasion in patients with Stage IB endometrial carcinoma.
92  convergent stable strategies
(4 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
AESS (2 times)
COS (1 time)
ESS (1 time)
2006 A mixed strategy model for the emergence and intensification of social learning in a periodically changing natural environment.
93  corneal staining score
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
Corvis ST (2 times)
SS (2 times)
TBUT (2 times)
2015 Assessment of Corneal Biomechanical Properties by CorVis ST in Patients with Dry Eye and in Healthy Subjects.
94  corticospinal system
(4 times)
Nervous System Diseases
(2 times)
BA (1 time)
MEP (1 time)
MEPs (1 time)
1987 [Dynamics of the cerebrospinal fluid and elastic properties of the cerebrospinal system (a bolus technic)].
95  Criminal Sentiments Scale
(4 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
MCAA (1 time)
PICTS (1 time)
RSQ (1 time)
1997 The Criminal Sentiments Scale: predictive validity in a sample of violent and sex offenders.
96  cyclic steam stimulation
(4 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
SAGD (3 times)
DTS (1 time)
GHG (1 time)
2017 Statistically Enhanced Model of In Situ Oil Sands Extraction Operations: An Evaluation of Variability in Greenhouse Gas Emissions.
97  caesarean section scar
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
MRI (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
CSP (1 time)
2013 First trimester caesarean scar ectopic pregnancy evaluation using MRI.
98  Calcium silicate slag
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
CH (1 time)
2006 Boosting silica levels in wheat leaves reduces grazing by rabbits.
99  Canale-Smith syndrome
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
ECD (1 time)
FasL (1 time)
GPCs (1 time)
1999 The molecular basis for apoptotic defects in patients with CD95 (Fas/Apo-1) mutations.
100  cancer susceptibility syndromes
(3 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
CT (2 times)
RR (2 times)
TSC (1 time)
2015 Confounding of the Association between Radiation Exposure from CT Scans and Risk of Leukemia and Brain Tumors by Cancer Susceptibility Syndromes.