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Abbreviation: CW
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Long forms: 522

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
continuous wave
(1516 times)
Ophthalmology
(448 times)
EPR (94 times)
PW (59 times)
RF (56 times)
1970 On the possibility of nonthermal biological effects of pulsed electromagnetic radiation.
constructed wetland
(350 times)
Environmental Health
(297 times)
COD (42 times)
TN (27 times)
HRT (21 times)
2001 Nutrient removal from polluted river water by using constructed wetlands.
clockwise
(227 times)
Biophysics
(26 times)
CCW (190 times)
AFL (7 times)
OVAR (5 times)
1980 Depth perception in moving line patterns.
cell wall
(218 times)
Microbiology
(38 times)
PG (15 times)
CM (14 times)
PM (12 times)
1974 Protein fraction with immunogenic potential and low toxicity isolated from the cell wall of Neisseria meningitidis group B.
chest wall
(102 times)
Neoplasms
(31 times)
PMRT (15 times)
SBRT (13 times)
PTV (10 times)
1977 Echocardiographic criteria of the diagnosis of mitral-semilunar valve continuity.
carcass weight
(89 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(27 times)
LW (12 times)
MS (12 times)
EMA (10 times)
1980 Effects of nutritional repletion on host and tumor response to chemotherapy.
chemical warfare
(46 times)
Toxicology
(15 times)
BW (4 times)
MPA (3 times)
IMPA (2 times)
1961 What to remember--what has been accomplished and what is still to be done about chemical warfare (CW) and biological w arfare (BW) defense.
cheese whey
(44 times)
Environmental Health
(14 times)
PHA (5 times)
HRT (4 times)
AD (3 times)
2001 Fermentation of liquid coproducts and liquid compound diets: Part 1. Effects on chemical composition during a 6-day storage period.
circle of Willis
(44 times)
Radiology
(6 times)
CTA (6 times)
PCoA (6 times)
AcomA (4 times)
1995 [Anatomy of the circle of Willis with 3D time of flight magnetic resonance angiography and analysis of partitions].
10  coconut water
(41 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
NAA (6 times)
BA (4 times)
MS (4 times)
1984 Plant regeneration of Oncidium varicosum (Orchidaceae) by means of root tip culture.
11  Choosing Wisely
(39 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
ABIM (3 times)
BE (2 times)
CDS (2 times)
2015 Baseline Estimates of Adherence to American Society of Clinical Oncology/American Board of Internal Medicine Choosing Wisely Initiative Among Patients With Cancer Enrolled With a Large Regional Commercial Health Insurer.
12  control women
(33 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(10 times)
AN (21 times)
BN (13 times)
PET (5 times)
1999 Sexual abuse in eating disorder subtypes and control women: the role of comorbid substance dependence in bulimia nervosa.
13  child welfare
(30 times)
Pediatrics
(16 times)
JJ (5 times)
MH (4 times)
SED (3 times)
2001 Prevalence of psychiatric disorders in youths across five sectors of care.
14  carnauba wax
(23 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
BW (5 times)
SA (3 times)
RW (2 times)
2011 Photostabilization of sunscreen oil through preparation of a free-flowing powder.
15  carapace width
(20 times)
Biology
(8 times)
CL (5 times)
AW (2 times)
PL (2 times)
2007 Secondary production of Chasmagnathus granulatus (Crustacea; Decapoda) in a Ramsar Site from Argentina.
16  chest width
(20 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
BL (9 times)
CD (7 times)
RW (7 times)
2002 An anthropometric analysis of indices of severity in the unilateral cleft lip.
17  clinical worsening
(19 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(10 times)
PAH (7 times)
CI (5 times)
6MWD (4 times)
2003 Predicting the course of myasthenic weakness following double filtration plasmapheresis.
18  compression wood
(18 times)
Botany
(11 times)
NW (6 times)
OW (5 times)
MCWs (2 times)
2000 Compression wood-responsive proteins in developing xylem of maritime pine (Pinus pinaster ait.).
19  calcofluor white
(17 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
GMS (3 times)
BAL (2 times)
CR (2 times)
1987 The use of Calcofluor white in the histopathologic diagnosis of oral candidiasis.
20  cold water
(16 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
HW (6 times)
HR (3 times)
WW (3 times)
2008 Pre-spawning water temperature affects sperm respiration and reactivation parameters in male carps.
21  cow weight
(16 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
BW (3 times)
QTL (3 times)
CD (2 times)
1979 Multiple linear and nonlinear regression analyses of factors causing calving difficulty.
22  constructive work
(15 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(7 times)
LV (7 times)
WE (7 times)
WW (7 times)
2012 Don't worry, be constructive: a randomized controlled feasibility study comparing behaviour therapy singly and combined with constructive worry for insomnia.
23  candelilla wax
(14 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
MG (3 times)
SMS (2 times)
12-HSA (1 time)
2013 Cooling rate effects on the microstructure, solid content, and rheological properties of organogels of amides derived from stearic and (R)-12-hydroxystearic acid in vegetable oil.
24  cortical width
(14 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
BMD (4 times)
DXA (2 times)
PMI (2 times)
1983 Estimation of mechanical properties of the distal radius from bone mineral content and cortical width.
25  contractional work
(13 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
PT (11 times)
iEMG (6 times)
CSA (1 time)
1985 Mechanical output and iEMG of isokinetic plantar flexion in 40-64-year-old subjects.
26  conventional weaning
(13 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
IS (3 times)
AW (2 times)
EW (2 times)
2001 New wheelie aid for wheelchairs: controlled trial of safety and efficacy.
27  cardiac work
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
CO (8 times)
SV (7 times)
TPR (7 times)
1979 Twenty-four-hour pattern of circulation by radiotelemetry in the unrestrained dog.
28  crown width
(10 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
CL (4 times)
DBH (3 times)
TH (2 times)
2004 The effect of hereditary disorders on tooth components: a radiographic morphometric study of two syndromes.
29  Caucasian women
(9 times)
Metabolism
(6 times)
AAW (7 times)
A'dione (1 time)
CBCP (1 time)
2007 The Clinical Breast Care Project: an important resource in investigating environmental and genetic contributions to breast cancer in African American women.
30  cisgender women
(9 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CM (7 times)
TM (4 times)
TW (4 times)
2018 Neural correlates of ostracism in transgender persons living according to their gender identity: a potential risk marker for psychopathology?
31  construction waste
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
CWM (3 times)
BIM (2 times)
Ab (1 time)
2010 Health risk assessment of abandoned agricultural soils based on heavy metal contents in Hong Kong, the world's most populated city.
32  continuous walking
(9 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
IW (5 times)
CON (2 times)
pwMS (2 times)
2008 Towards nonlinear plasmonic devices based on metallic nanorods.
33  continuous-wave mode
(9 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
ATPase (1 time)
EPR (1 time)
NIR (1 time)
1989 Comparison of surgical lasers and conventional methods in skin incisions.
34  cabbage waste
(8 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
CM (4 times)
DCM (4 times)
MSW (4 times)
2013 Assessment of humification degree of dissolved organic matter from different composts using fluorescence spectroscopy technology.
35  carbonated water
(8 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
MEP (2 times)
TMS (2 times)
ASIC3 (1 time)
1985 The effect of tap water, carbonated water, sodium bicarbonate, and calcium chloride on blood acid-base balance in cockerels subjected to heat stress.
36  carotid web
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CAS (1 time)
CEA (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2018 A Systematic Literature Review of Patients With Carotid Web and Acute Ischemic Stroke.
37  chronic wound
(8 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
DM (2 times)
AM (1 time)
AW (1 time)
2014 Automated tissue classification framework for reproducible chronic wound assessment.
38  cognitive walkthrough
(8 times)
Medical Informatics
(8 times)
TA (4 times)
HE (2 times)
CPOE (1 time)
2009 Usability evaluation of a computerized physician order entry for medication ordering.
39  coking wastewater
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
TOC (3 times)
COD (2 times)
AHP (1 time)
2011 Advanced electro-Fenton degradation of biologically-treated coking wastewater using anthraquinone cathode and Fe-Y catalyst.
40  Curie-Weiss
(8 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
AFM (1 time)
EPR (1 time)
FC (1 time)
2004 Spin and orbital frustration in MnSc2S4 and FeSc2S4.
41  calendar week
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
VOC (2 times)
ARD (1 time)
BIS (1 time)
1990 Epidemiological analysis of acute respiratory disease (ARD) and characteristics of the influenza epidemic in Bohemia during the season 1986/1987.
42  chicken wing
(7 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
LAA (7 times)
AF (3 times)
LA (3 times)
2016 Morphologic remodeling of left atrial appendage in patients with atrial fibrillation.
43  clean water
(7 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
OSU (2 times)
AFLP (1 time)
ARL (1 time)
2003 Mapping multiple genetic loci associated with Ceratomyxa shasta resistance in Oncorhynchus mykiss.
44  correlated wavefunction
(7 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
DFET (3 times)
DFT (3 times)
ASCI (1 time)
2011 Quantum mechanical embedding theory based on a unique embedding potential.
45  Curie-Weiss temperature theta
(7 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
QSI (1 time)
SFM (1 time)
SSG (1 time)
2002 Pressure-induced crystallization of a spin liquid.
46  cut wire
(7 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
PIT (4 times)
MM (2 times)
A-EIT (1 time)
2010 Customised broadband metamaterial absorbers for arbitrary polarisation.
47  capillary wave
(6 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
DF (3 times)
MD (3 times)
BW (1 time)
2005 Density functional study of layering at liquid surfaces.
48  Cardin-Weintraub
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
HS (5 times)
Hh (3 times)
Shh (2 times)
2011 Dual roles of the Cardin-Weintraub motif in multimeric Sonic hedgehog.
49  closed wedge
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
HTO (6 times)
OW (6 times)
CDI (3 times)
2010 Patellar height and posterior tibial slope after open- and closed-wedge high tibial osteotomy: a radiological study on 100 patients.
50  contention window
(6 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(3 times)
MAC (3 times)
BEB (2 times)
ABEB (1 time)
2007 Fragility issues of medical video streaming over 802.11e-WLAN m-health environments.
51  continuous wavelength
(6 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
NIR (2 times)
CSFs (1 time)
FD (1 time)
2003 Analysis of tryptophan and tyrosine in cerebrospinal fluid by capillary electrophoresis and "ball lens" UV-pulsed laser-induced fluorescence detection.
52  continuous-wave Doppler
(6 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
MR (2 times)
TR (2 times)
2-DD (1 time)
1987 [Non-invasive evaluation with continuous Doppler of the systolic pressure of the right ventricle in patients with tricuspid insufficiency].
53  cotton waste
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ARM (1 time)
BP (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1996 Simultaneously detected aberrant p53 tumor suppressor protein and HPV-DNA localize mostly in separate keratinocytes in anogenital and common warts.
54  current weight
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
GA (3 times)
BW (2 times)
NONMEM (2 times)
2006 [Comparative analysis of nutritional status, food intake and length of hospitalization considering two hospitals: public versus private].
55  Carbowax
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
CAR (4 times)
DVB (4 times)
PDMS (4 times)
2002 Optimisation of a solid-phase microextraction method for synthetic musk compounds in water.
56  cassava wastewater
(5 times)
Biology
(2 times)
cation-PG (1 time)
CSL (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2009 Cassava wastewater as a substrate for the simultaneous production of rhamnolipids and polyhydroxyalkanoates by Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
57  cell wall fragments
(5 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
PPM (3 times)
IgG (2 times)
HC (1 time)
2003 Candida albicans cell wall antigens for serological diagnosis of candidemia.
58  chemical weapons
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
CWC (2 times)
FP (2 times)
CWAs (1 time)
1995 Analysis of chemical weapons degradation products by capillary electrophoresis with UV detection.
59  chordae willisii
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CS (1 time)
DS (1 time)
DSA (1 time)
2018 Variability in Wall Thickness and Related Structures of Major Dural Sinuses in Posterior Cranial Fossa: A Microscopic Anatomical Study and Clinical Implications.
60  Chuanwu
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
TCM (3 times)
IPA (2 times)
BP (1 time)
2011 Metabolomics study on the toxicity of aconite root and its processed products using ultraperformance liquid-chromatography/electrospray-ionization synapt high-definition mass spectrometry coupled with pattern recognition approach and ingenuity pathways analysis.
61  classic Whipple
(5 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
RCTs (5 times)
CENTRAL (3 times)
CI (3 times)
2007 A systematic review and meta-analysis of pylorus-preserving versus classical pancreaticoduodenectomy for surgical treatment of periampullary and pancreatic carcinoma.
62  closing wedge
(5 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
OW (5 times)
HTO (3 times)
AE (1 time)
2015 Adverse events and survival after closing- and opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy: a comparative study of 412 patients.
63  color-word
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
HR (2 times)
IVF-ET (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2000 The effect of mental loads on muscle tension, blood pressure and blink rate.
64  construction workers
(5 times)
Diabetes Complications
(1 time)
CFR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CoI (1 time)
2005 Biological monitoring of exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by determination of unmetabolized compounds in urine.
65  cool-white
(5 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
WW (3 times)
CMM (1 time)
DL (1 time)
1984 The effect of high and low intensity cool-white fluorescent lighting on the reproductive performance of turkey breeder hens.
66  counterweight
(5 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
NVG (3 times)
AR (1 time)
BWS (1 time)
2007 Physiological effects of night vision goggle counterweights on neck musculature of military helicopter pilots.
67  cutaneous warts
(5 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
HPV (2 times)
AGW (1 time)
BPV (1 time)
2003 Cutaneous warts in patients with lupus erythematosus.
68  caloric weakness
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AUC (1 time)
CSOM (1 time)
HHP (1 time)
2007 Chronic suppurative otitis media, caloric testing, and rotational chair testing.
69  canal water
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
BOD and COD (1 time)
EC (1 time)
MW (1 time)
2020 Effect of co-application of wastewater and freshwater on the physiological properties and trace element content in Raphanus sativus: soil contamination and human health.
70  Carmustine wafers
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
OS (3 times)
HGG (2 times)
AEs (1 time)
2013 Preservation of neurocognitive function and local control of 1 to 3 brain metastases treated with surgery and carmustine wafers.
71  Central West
(4 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
NW (2 times)
SE (2 times)
AM (1 time)
2015 Increase of drug use and genotype 3 in HCV-infected patients from Central West and Northeast Mexico.
72  chemical wastewater
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ASC (1 time)
AxBET (1 time)
BET (1 time)
2007 Biohydrogen production from chemical wastewater treatment in biofilm configured reactor operated in periodic discontinuous batch mode by selectively enriched anaerobic mixed consortia.
73  Chick-Watson
(4 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
ANNs (1 time)
CCT (1 time)
DE (1 time)
1999 A kinetic study of the effect of hydrogen peroxide and peracetic acid against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa using the bioscreen disinfection method.
74  chlorinated water
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
LA-PAA (1 time)
ND (1 time)
OW (1 time)
2008 Reduction of trihalomethane formation and detoxification of microcystins in tap water by ozonation.
75  chromosome-wide
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
eQTL (2 times)
QTL (2 times)
BC (1 time)
2010 Detecting QTL for feed intake traits and other performance traits in growing pigs in a Pietrain-Large White backcross.
76  citrus waste
(4 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ALB (1 time)
AST (1 time)
BUN (1 time)
2010 Process design and economic analysis of a citrus waste biorefinery with biofuels and limonene as products.
77  comparison women
(4 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
AN (3 times)
BN (2 times)
RAN (2 times)
2009 Altered striatal response to reward in bulimia nervosa after recovery.
78  competing words
(4 times)
Audiology
(3 times)
FW (4 times)
CS (3 times)
AFG (2 times)
1995 Development and standardization of SCAN-A: test of auditory processing disorders in adolescents and adults.
79  continuous waveforms
(4 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
DSAR (1 time)
FBP (1 time)
HFEMFs (1 time)
2005 Effect of high-frequency electromagnetic fields with a wide range of SARs on chromosomal aberrations in murine m5S cells.
80  control ward
(4 times)
Nursing
(4 times)
EW (3 times)
1993 Strain among nurses and their emotional reactions during 1 year of systematic clinical supervision combined with the implementation of individualized care in dementia nursing.
81  control water
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Al (1 time)
BW (1 time)
CCK (1 time)
2011 A sodium-bicarbonated mineral water reduces gallbladder emptying and postprandial lipaemia: a randomised four-way crossover study.
82  corroborative witness
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
SR (3 times)
GAF (1 time)
PD (1 time)
1996 Defining the personality disorders: description of an Australian database.
83  critical weight
(4 times)
Biology
(3 times)
JH (2 times)
br (1 time)
GR (1 time)
2016 Endocrine Proxies Can Simplify Endocrine Complexity to Enable Evolutionary Prediction.
84  Curcuma wenyujin
(4 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
AM (2 times)
ADM (1 time)
Bcl-2 (1 time)
2015 [Reversal Effect of curcuma wenyujin extract on SGC-7901/VCR induced subcutaneous transplanted tumor in nude mice and its effect on the expression of P-glycoprotein].
85  cartwheel
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
ES (2 times)
RO (2 times)
vGRF (2 times)
2015 High doses of salicylate reduces glycinergic inhibition in the dorsal cochlear nucleus of the rat.
86  casein-whey proteins
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
SH (1 time)
SI (1 time)
1996 Short-term metabolic responses do not differ between neonatal piglets fed formulas containing hydrolyzed or intact soy proteins.
87  cellulose whisker
(3 times)
Polymers
(1 time)
CHWs (1 time)
CNC (1 time)
NCC (1 time)
2011 Chitin whiskers: an overview.
88  centre of weight
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
SD (2 times)
CA (1 time)
LIF (1 time)
1994 [Assessment of pulmonary ventilation/perfusion ratio by dual radionuclides SPECT using 81mKr gas and 99mTc-MAA].
89  Chinese wild rice
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
CMS (2 times)
ADF (1 time)
ADG (1 time)
2009 Suppressed expression of Retrograde-Regulated Male Sterility restores pollen fertility in cytoplasmic male sterile rice plants.
90  clean-upworkers
(3 times)
ChNPP (2 times)
ARS (1 time)
CIRS (1 time)
2017 Cardiovascular diseases and systolic function of left ventricle in clean up workers of Chernobyl accident (based on 30 years follow up).
91  clinical waste
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CWA (1 time)
CWIFA (1 time)
CWM (1 time)
2020 Clinical waste management under COVID-19 scenario in Malaysia.
92  Cockcroft-Walton
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
FB (1 time)
ISTS (1 time)
PV (1 time)
2016 Electron stripping processes of H⁻ ion beam in the 80 kV high voltage extraction column and low energy beam transport line at LANSCE.
93  Coconut waste
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
PECVD (2 times)
AESO (1 time)
MB (1 time)
2017 Chemical and plasma surface modification of lignocellulose coconut waste for the preparation of advanced biobased composite materials.
94  coke-oven workers
(3 times)
Occupational Medicine
(2 times)
BaP (2 times)
PAHs (2 times)
CRT (1 time)
2012 Environmental and biological monitoring of PAHs exposure in coke-oven workers at the Taranto plant compared to two groups from the general population of Apulia, Italy.
95  combined weight
(3 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
AHP (1 time)
FMEA (1 time)
ZIKV (1 time)
1993 The effect of tyre pressure on the economy of cycling.
96  combined wounds
(3 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
AOFAS (1 time)
BAL (1 time)
CAP (1 time)
1995 Gut-derived endotoxemia and multiple system organ failure following gunshot wounds combined with hemorrhagic shock: an experimental study in the dog.
97  community water
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
AGI (1 time)
E. coli (1 time)
2006 A case-cohort study to investigate concomitant waterborne outbreaks of Campylobacter and gastroenteritis in Soderhamn, Sweden, 2002-3.
98  computer work
(3 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
COVID-19 (1 time)
GWR (1 time)
IPAQ (1 time)
2014 The ability of non-computer tasks to increase biomechanical exposure variability in computer-intensive office work.
99  conditional weight
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
BMI (1 time)
BP (1 time)
BW (1 time)
2009 Size at birth, weight gain in infancy and childhood, and adult blood pressure in 5 low- and middle-income-country cohorts: when does weight gain matter?
100  condylar width
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ACL (1 time)
BV/CV (1 time)
CFA (1 time)
2012 [Three-dimensional visualization of intercondylar notch based on MRI two-dimensional images].