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Abbreviation: Cr
Appearance Frequency: 7167 time(s)
Long forms: 314

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
creatinine
(3987 times)
Neurology
(430 times)
NAA (813 times)
Cho (724 times)
BUN (650 times)
1971 Renal effects of calcitonin and parathyroid extract in man. Studies in hypoparathyroidism.
chromium
(2407 times)
Environmental Health
(1304 times)
Cd (878 times)
Ni (735 times)
Zn (703 times)
1975 [Critical organs and turnover characteristics of cadmium(Cd), zinc(Zn), selenium (Se), mercury (Hg), and chromium(Cr) in vivo].
creatine and phosphocreatine
(166 times)
Neurology
(71 times)
NAA (131 times)
Cho (121 times)
MRS (40 times)
1990 Proton MR spectroscopy of the brain in infants.
cost of running
(44 times)
Physiology
(21 times)
HR (5 times)
RER (5 times)
MAS (3 times)
1992 Physiological correlates of middle-distance running performance. A comparative study between men and women.
concentration
(40 times)
Nephrology
(8 times)
CKD (4 times)
CF (2 times)
CIN (2 times)
1984 A noninvasive approach to quantitative functional brain mapping with H2 (15)O and positron emission tomography.
Campylobacter rectus
(30 times)
Dentistry
(21 times)
Pi (26 times)
Pg (24 times)
Aa (23 times)
1995 Evaluation of periodontal treatments using controlled-release tetracycline fibers: microbiological response.
chrome
(26 times)
Environmental Health
(14 times)
Zn (16 times)
Cd (14 times)
Co (11 times)
1992 Proton-induced X-ray emission analysis of atherosclerotic plaques of the carotid bifurcation.
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
(25 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
aa (3 times)
LHCII (3 times)
PSI (3 times)
1990 [Effect of phototoxic substances on simple biological systems. I. Standardizing the method with furocoumarins].
creatine monohydrate
(25 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
CSA (3 times)
CR (2 times)
PL (2 times)
1998 Effects of creatine supplementation on repetitive sprint performance and body composition in competitive swimmers.
10  creatinine level
(18 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
eGFR (4 times)
BUN (2 times)
CrCl (2 times)
1977 Uremia with low serum creatinine-an entity produced by marked creatinine secretion.
11  clearance
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
Ct (3 times)
CAM (2 times)
AI (1 time)
1979 Cefamandole pharmacokinetics and dosage adjustments in relation to renal function.
12  cortisol
(8 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
JV (2 times)
UV (2 times)
11-DOCR (1 time)
1979 17 beta-estradiol, 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone, progesterone and cortisol receptors in normal and neoplastic human endometrium.
13  correlation between D/P
(6 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
GFR (2 times)
ARC (1 time)
CAPD (1 time)
1999 Evaluation of measured and calculated creatinine clearances as glomerular filtration markers in different stages of liver cirrhosis.
14  creatine-containing compounds
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
Cho (5 times)
NAA (5 times)
DLPFC (2 times)
2008 Assessment of mitochondrial impairment in traumatic brain injury using high-resolution proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
15  crocin
(6 times)
Biology
(2 times)
MDA (3 times)
SOD (3 times)
CAT (2 times)
2017 The protective role of crocin in tartrazine induced nephrotoxicity in Wistar rats.
16  crystal
(6 times)
Zoology
(1 time)
LC (2 times)
SmA (2 times)
Colh (1 time)
1995 Genetic control of PI and GC variants in the American mink.
17  chromate
(5 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
BUN (1 time)
Chl a (1 time)
EP (1 time)
1998 Vitamin E and C in the prevention of metal nephrotoxicity in developing rats.
18  crystalline
(5 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
ALC-muSR (2 times)
Mu (2 times)
DLC (1 time)
1985 Purification of insulin-binding antibody by affinity chromatography using monocomponent insulin as ligand.
19  Clonostachys rosea
(4 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
Ta (2 times)
AN (1 time)
BCAs (1 time)
2008 Brazilian isolates of Clonostachys rosea: colonization under different temperature and moisture conditions and temporal dynamics on strawberry leaves.
20  compared with the original MIL-101
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
EA (1 time)
ED (1 time)
EDX (1 time)
2015 Adsorption of Uranyl ions on Amine-functionalization of MIL-101(Cr) Nanoparticles by a Facile Coordination-based Post-synthetic strategy and X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy Studies.
21  compared to MIL-101
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
DBT (1 time)
DMSPE (1 time)
FT-IR (1 time)
2013 Adsorptive removal of dibenzothiophene from model fuels over one-pot synthesized PTA@MIL-101(Cr) hybrid material.
22  concentrations of COD
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
EFDC (1 time)
HRT (1 time)
MLSS (1 time)
2005 Chemical and biological flocculation process to treat municipal sewage and analysis of biological function.
23  convective respiratory heat loss
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
He (1 time)
RL (1 time)
Te (1 time)
1990 Respiratory effects of cold-gas breathing in humans under hyperbaric environment.
24  creatine-containing metabolites
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
NAA (3 times)
Cho (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1995 H-1 MR spectroscopic imaging of white matter signal hyperintensities: Alzheimer disease and ischemic vascular dementia.
25  creatine-phosphocreatine complex
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
Cho (3 times)
NAA (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
2003 [Hemodynamic and metabolic characterization of orthotopic rat prostate carcinomas using dynamic MRI and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy].
26  creep
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
VH (2 times)
GICs (1 time)
HV (1 time)
2008 Effect of ozone gas application on the mechanical properties of dental adhesives bonded to dentin.
27  Cryptococcus
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
--- 1989 [Occurrence of the yeast, Cryptococcus (Cr) neoformans, in pigeon droppings].
28  albumin-creatinine
(2 times)
Technology
(1 time)
DM (1 time)
IGT (1 time)
NAG (1 time)
2012 Urinary N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase levels are positively correlated with 2-hr plasma glucose levels during oral glucose tolerance testing in prediabetes.
29  C, (PCr)
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CK (1 time)
PCr (1 time)
1986 Creatine kinase-catalyzed ATP-phosphocreatine exchange: comparison of 31P-NMR saturation transfer technique and radioisotope tracer methods.
30  C. remanei
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
Cb (2 times)
Ce (1 time)
RNAi (1 time)
2001 Conservation of glp-1 regulation and function in nematodes.
31  carbamoylmethylphosphine oxide (CMPO) functionalized MIL-101
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CMPO (1 time)
2017 Carbamoylmethylphosphine Oxide-Functionalized MIL-101(Cr) as Highly Selective Uranium Adsorbent.
32  catalysts, Ru-PTA/MIL-100
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
PTA (1 time)
2013 Conversion of cellulose and cellobiose into sorbitol catalyzed by ruthenium supported on a polyoxometalate/metal-organic framework hybrid.
33  Caulerpa racemosa
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
Bo (1 time)
Gc (1 time)
HO-1 (1 time)
2013 Evaluation of macroalgae sulfated polysaccharides on the Leishmania (L.) amazonensis promastigote.
34  characteristics of MIL-101
(2 times)
Chromatography
(1 time)
ATP (1 time)
MOFs (1 time)
2018 Synthesis and characterization of MIL-101(Cr) intercalated by polyaniline composite, doped with silica nanoparticles and its evaluation as an efficient solid-phase extraction sorbent.
35  chloride
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
BAS (1 time)
Cr-sIns (1 time)
sIns (1 time)
1979 Chromium-induced hyperglycemia in the rat.
36  chromium hydroxide/MIL-101
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
MOF (1 time)
2018 A Chromium Hydroxide/MIL-101(Cr) MOF Composite Catalyst and Its Use for the Selective Isomerization of Glucose to Fructose.
37  chromium ions
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
Zn (2 times)
ICA (1 time)
iEDTA (1 time)
2003 In vitro release of metal ions from a gold-platinum alloy in saliva-simulated conditions.
38  chromium polynicotinate
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
GSE (1 time)
oxLDL (1 time)
TG (1 time)
2001 Effects of chromium nicotinate on performance, carcase characteristics and blood chemistry of growing turkeys.
39  Chromium supplementation
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CrP (1 time)
FBS (1 time)
2008 Chromium supplementation improves glucose tolerance in diabetic Goto-Kakizaki rats.
40  chromium terephthalate MIL-101
(2 times)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
--- 2016 An octamolybdate-metal organic framework hybrid for the efficient adsorption of histidine-rich proteins.
41  chromiun
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
Mn (2 times)
Ni (2 times)
AhR (1 time)
2016 The Effects of Chronic Lifelong Activation of the AHR Pathway by Industrial Chemical Pollutants on Female Human Reproduction.
42  circularity
(2 times)
Models, Theoretical
(1 time)
Dh (2 times)
AE (1 time)
CFD (1 time)
2018 A Feasible Computational Fluid Dynamics Study for Relationships of Structural and Functional Alterations with Particle Depositions in Severe Asthmatic Lungs.
43  CL(R)/CL
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
MPA (1 time)
2009 Impact of calcineurin inhibitors on urinary excretion of mycophenolic acid and its glucuronide in kidney transplant recipients.
44  clearance (CL(m)) and CL
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
MRSA (1 time)
2009 Prospectively validated dosing nomograms for maximizing the pharmacodynamics of vancomycin administered by continuous infusion in critically ill patients.
45  compared with C
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
Glc (1 time)
HMF (1 time)
PCP (1 time)
1998 Creatinine clearance following cimetidine for estimation of glomerular filtration rate.
46  constituent ratio
(2 times)
Parasitology
(1 time)
HFRS (1 time)
MA (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2010 [Fleas on small mammals in the surrounding area of Erhai Lake].
47  contrast, at high (PCr)
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CK (1 time)
PCr (1 time)
1986 Creatine kinase-catalyzed ATP-phosphocreatine exchange: comparison of 31P-NMR saturation transfer technique and radioisotope tracer methods.
48  copper-doped MIL-101
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
MOF (1 time)
VOCs (1 time)
2018 Study on the copper(II)-doped MIL-101(Cr) and its performance in VOCs adsorption.
49  core
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2005 One-step synthesis of core(Cr)/shell(gamma-Fe(2)O(3)) nanoparticles.
50  core and MIL-101
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DOM (1 time)
MOF (1 time)
nd-MSPE (1 time)
2019 Magnetic metal-organic frameworks nanocomposites for negligible-depletion solid-phase extraction of freely dissolved polyaromatic hydrocarbons.
51  Cr-based metal-organic framework MIL-101
(2 times)
Chromatography
(1 time)
DPV (1 time)
GCE (1 time)
PtNPs (1 time)
2017 Comparisons of glyphosate adsorption properties of different functional Cr-based metal-organic frameworks.
52  creatine alone
(2 times)
Exercise
(1 time)
CHO (1 time)
COX (1 time)
CrEX (1 time)
2005 Effects of acute creatine loading with or without carbohydrate on repeated bouts of maximal swimming in high-performance swimmers.
53  creatine including phosphocreatine
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
Cho (2 times)
NAA (2 times)
CBCs (1 time)
1996 [Proton MR spectroscopy findings in herpes simplex encephalitis].
54  crenated cells
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
Ac (2 times)
Sk (2 times)
Tr (2 times)
2013 The protective role of quince leaf extract against the adverse impacts of ultraviolet--a radiation on some tissues of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822).
55  crocin pretreatment
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
IR (1 time)
N/S (1 time)
ZnSO4 (1 time)
2017 The Hepatoprotective and MicroRNAs Downregulatory Effects of Crocin Following Hepatic Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in Rats.
56  Crowe
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
Co (2 times)
DDH (2 times)
Ha (2 times)
2014 Comparison of the inter- and intra-observer reproducibility of the Crowe, Hartofilakidis and modified Cochin classification systems for the diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of the hip.
57  crystalline MIL-101
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
MOF (2 times)
AMPS (1 time)
BMA (1 time)
2013 Metal organic framework-organic polymer monolith stationary phases for capillary electrochromatography and nano-liquid chromatography.
58  crystals of MIL-101
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Adsorption of 1,2-dichlorobenzene and 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene in nano- and microsized crystals of MIL-101(Cr): static and dynamic gravimetric studies.
59  (Au)-chromium
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
AAO (1 time)
OOR (1 time)
2018 Electrically gated nanoporous membranes for smart molecular flow control.
60  (phospho)-creatine
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ADC (1 time)
Cho (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2003 Combined MR measurements of magnetization transfer, tissue diffusion and proton spectroscopy. A feasibility study with neurological cases.
61  (SmA)-crystal
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
SmA (1 time)
2013 Distortion-sensitive insight into the pretransitional behavior of 4-n-octyloxy-4'-cyanobiphenyl (8OCB).
62  8-Ala-Cr and Boc-Glu
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
SAMs (1 time)
2001 Cation recognition by self-assembled monolayers of oriented helical peptides having a crown ether unit.
63  AKI-creatinine
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AKI (1 time)
AKR (1 time)
CKD (1 time)
2018 Frequency and Prognostic Significance of Acute Kidney Recovery in Patients Who Underwent Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation.
64  aminodibenzo-18-crown-6 functionalized MIL-101
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2018 Speciation analysis of Tl(I) and Tl(III) after magnetic solid phase extraction using a magnetite nanoparticle composite modified with aminodibenzo-18-crown-6 functionalized MIL-101(Cr).
65  aminodibenzo-18-crown-6 magnetite nanoparticles and MIL-101
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2018 Speciation analysis of Tl(I) and Tl(III) after magnetic solid phase extraction using a magnetite nanoparticle composite modified with aminodibenzo-18-crown-6 functionalized MIL-101(Cr).
66  C ,the removal of COD
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2005 [Isolation of PVA-degrading symbiotic bacteria and examination of degradation characters].
67  C and (PCr)
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
VFST (1 time)
1990 Combination of 31P-NMR magnetization transfer and radioisotope exchange methods for assessment of an enzyme reaction mechanism: rate-determining steps of the creatine kinase reaction.
68  C release
(1 time)
SOC (1 time)
2019 Soil aggregates indirectly influence litter carbon storage and release through soil pH in the highly alkaline soils of north China.
69  C. rosea
(1 time)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
DON (1 time)
Fg (1 time)
NRP (1 time)
2018 Profiling of the Transcriptomic Responses of Clonostachys rosea Upon Treatment With Fusarium graminearum Secretome.
70  C. sinensis, SCr and C
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
BUN (1 time)
CAN (1 time)
RBP (1 time)
2011 Effect of Cordyceps sinensis on renal function of patients with chronic allograft nephropathy.
71  calculated using the equation GFR=k*L
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
GFR (1 time)
2004 Comparison of two formulae for estimation of glomerular filtration rate in children.
72  calf serum based on MIL-101
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CB (1 time)
CV (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2020 Photo-electrochemical detection of dopamine in human urine and calf serum based on MIL-101 (Cr)/carbon black.
73  can be presumed that MIL-101
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DBT (1 time)
FT-IR (1 time)
PTA (1 time)
2013 Adsorptive removal of dibenzothiophene from model fuels over one-pot synthesized PTA@MIL-101(Cr) hybrid material.
74  cancer cells by MIL-101
(1 time)
MOFs (1 time)
2020 Identifying Differing Intracellular Cargo Release Mechanisms by Monitoring InVitro Drug Delivery from MOFs in Real Time.
75  Capacity Test for MIL-101
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
COP (1 time)
TG (1 time)
XRD (1 time)
2020 Cooling Capacity Test for MIL-101(Cr)/CaCl2 for Adsorption Refrigeration System.
76  capacity than virgin MIL-101
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DBT (1 time)
FT-IR (1 time)
PTA (1 time)
2013 Adsorptive removal of dibenzothiophene from model fuels over one-pot synthesized PTA@MIL-101(Cr) hybrid material.
77  captivity rates
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
MR (1 time)
WRC (1 time)
2013 Final disposition and quality auditing of the rehabilitation process in wild raptors admitted to a Wildlife Rehabilitation Centre in Catalonia, Spain, during a twelve year period (1995-2007).
78  carbamide
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
BUN (1 time)
GPT (1 time)
2007 [Influence of PGLA degradable products on main physiologic function].
79  carbamylcholine
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
Ch (1 time)
1984 [Relation of the cyclic nucleotide system with the functional state of the cholinoreceptors].
80  carbochelate
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
Sc (1 time)
2013 Acute aerocystitis in Nile tilapia bred in net cages and supplemented with chromium carbochelate and Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
81  carbon a-CH
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
Cr-DLC (1 time)
UBMS (1 time)
XPS (1 time)
2016 [Raman Spectra Study on the Structure and Thermal Stability of Vacuum Annealed Cr-DLC Films Prepared with UBMS].
82  carbon and NH2-MIL-101
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
RhB (1 time)
TA (1 time)
TC (1 time)
2018 Synthesis of hierarchical-pore metal-organic framework on liter scale for large organic pollutants capture in wastewater.
83  carbon dioxide by MIL-101
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2013 Adsorption of carbon dioxide by MIL-101(Cr): regeneration conditions and influence of flue gas contaminants.
84  carbon mineralization rate
(1 time)
DOC (1 time)
SMBC (1 time)
SOC (1 time)
2021 Response of the characteristics of organic carbon mineralization of soft rock and soil composed of sand to soil depth.
85  carbon nanotubes/MIL-101
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
DAP (1 time)
DEP (1 time)
2019 Preparation of magnetite/multiwalled carbon nanotubes/metal-organic framework composite for dispersive magnetic micro solid phase extraction of parabens and phthalate esters from water samples and various types of cream for their determination with liquid chromatography.
86  carbon pools
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Ca (1 time)
Cs (1 time)
Csoc (1 time)
2013 [Study on soil organic carbon pools and turnover characteristics along an elevation gradient in Qilian Mountain].
87  Carbon-MIL-101
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
PXRD (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2021 Experimental Study on Activated Carbon-MIL-101(Cr) Composites for Ethanol Vapor Adsorption.
88  carbon-paste electrode modified with MIL-101
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
MOFs (1 time)
2018 Ascorbic Acid Determination Based on Electrocatalytic Behavior of Metal-Organic Framework MIL-101-(Cr) at Modified Carbon-Paste Electrode.
89  carbosieve, ZSM-5, and MIL-101
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
MOG (1 time)
VOC (1 time)
2021 Metal-Organic Gel Derived N-Doped Granular Carbon: Remarkable Toluene Uptake and Rapid Regeneration.
90  carboxylate MIL-101
(1 time)
Chemistry, Inorganic
(1 time)
AO (1 time)
OSN (1 time)
SY (1 time)
2017 Simultaneous use of MOFs MIL-101(Cr) and ZIF-11 in thin film nanocomposite membranes for organic solvent nanofiltration.
91  carcinogenic risk values of chromium
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
EWQI (1 time)
HI (1 time)
MC (1 time)
2020 Co-distribution, possible origins, status and potential health risk of trace elements in surface water sources from six major river basins, Bangladesh.
92  cardamomum
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Synergistic interactions of polyphenols and their effect on antiradical potential.
93  carpal
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AOI (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
DXA (1 time)
2000 Osteoinductive response in the dorsal aspect of the carpus of young thoroughbreds in training occurs within months.
94  carrier for MIL-101
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
GA (1 time)
RSD (1 time)
SPE (1 time)
2021 Development and application of metal-organic framework@GA based on solid-phase extraction coupling with UPLC-MS/MS for the determination of five NSAIDs in water.
95  cases and their S
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
RA (1 time)
2001 Simultaneous aortic replacement and renal artery revascularization: the influence of preoperative renal function on early risk and late outcome.
96  catalyst incorporated in a MIL-101
(1 time)
MOF (1 time)
2018 Light-driven hydrogen evolution catalyzed by a cobaloxime catalyst incorporated in a MIL-101(Cr) metal-organic framework.
97  catalytically self-propelled InGaAs/GaAs
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Self-propelled nanotools.
98  categories of C
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
sUrea (1 time)
2003 Urea percentiles in children with chronic renal failure. Data from the ItalKid project.
99  Ccw and respiratory compliance
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
Ccw (1 time)
CL (1 time)
2016 [Effect of transpulmonary pressure-directed mechanical ventilation on respiration in severe acute pancreatitis patient with intraabdominal hypertension].
100  ceftriaxone
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
SXT (1 time)
2002 Emergence of multidrug-resistant Salmonella Gloucester and Salmonella typhimurium in Bangladesh.