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Abbreviation: DA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
dopamine
(20754 times)
Neurology
(6831 times)
NE (2305 times)
PD (1626 times)
DOPAC (1569 times)
1967 The responses of thalamic neurons to iontophoretically applied monoamines.
dopaminergic
(1895 times)
Neurology
(721 times)
PD (784 times)
TH (206 times)
SN (185 times)
1975 Effects of amphetamine isomers and neuroleptics on self-stimulation from the nucleus accumbens and dorsal noradrenergic bundle.
ductus arteriosus
(385 times)
Pediatrics
(85 times)
PDA (60 times)
PA (34 times)
NO (20 times)
1980 Morphologic evidence of accelerated closure of the ductus arteriosus in preterm infants.
discriminant analysis
(347 times)
Environmental Health
(80 times)
PCA (123 times)
CA (52 times)
PLS (23 times)
1978 Discriminant analysis.
domoic acid
(346 times)
Toxicology
(97 times)
ASP (43 times)
HABs (25 times)
OA (20 times)
1990 Acute parenteral neurotoxicity of domoic acid in cynomolgus monkeys (M. fascicularis)
Dark Agouti
(332 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(50 times)
EAE (44 times)
AO (40 times)
SD (32 times)
1976 Antigenic profile of the rat chondrocyte.
dopamine agonist
(301 times)
Endocrinology
(106 times)
PD (102 times)
PRL (44 times)
ICDs (26 times)
1988 Necroses of prolactin-secreting pituitary adenomas under treatment with dopamine agonists: light microscopical and morphometric studies.
Diels-Alder
(257 times)
Chemistry
(121 times)
rDA (13 times)
DFT (9 times)
HDA (8 times)
2000 Synthesis of isoquinoline derivatives by Diels-Alder reactions of 2(1H)-pyridones having an electron-withdrawing group with methoxy-1,3-butadienes.
decision aid
(218 times)
Neoplasms
(36 times)
SDM (33 times)
UC (10 times)
RCT (9 times)
2003 What factors are associated with a woman's decision to take hormone replacement therapy? Evaluated in the context of a decision aid.
10  degree of acetylation
(131 times)
Biochemistry
(45 times)
MW (14 times)
CS (9 times)
CH (8 times)
1996 Chitosans as absorption enhancers for poorly absorbable drugs. 1: Influence of molecular weight and degree of acetylation on drug transport across human intestinal epithelial (Caco-2) cells.
11  darbepoetin alfa
(126 times)
Nephrology
(30 times)
Hb (52 times)
CKD (26 times)
ESAs (26 times)
2004 Cytoprotection by darbepoetin/epoetin alfa in pig tubular and mouse mesangial cells.
12  diagnostic accuracy
(91 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(10 times)
NPV (28 times)
PPV (26 times)
Sp (17 times)
1989 The serum concentrations of TAG-72 antigen measured with CA 72-4 IRMA in patients with ovarian carcinoma. Preliminary data.
13  dental age
(85 times)
Dentistry
(36 times)
CA (71 times)
CA-DA (7 times)
MAE (7 times)
1993 Delayed tooth formation in low birthweight African-American children.
14  degree of anisotropy
(76 times)
Orthopedics
(15 times)
Tb.Th (35 times)
Tb.N (28 times)
Tb.Sp (25 times)
1996 Micro-tomographic imaging for the nondestructive evaluation of trabecular bone architecture.
15  diminazene aceturate
(68 times)
Parasitology
(20 times)
ISM (12 times)
MDBK (6 times)
PCV (6 times)
2006 SSCP analysis of the P2 purine transporter TcoAT1 gene of Trypanosoma congolense leads to a simple PCR-RFLP test allowing the rapid identification of diminazene resistant stocks.
16  deformation amplitude
(67 times)
Ophthalmology
(38 times)
IOP (24 times)
CCT (20 times)
PD (18 times)
2013 Effects of age on corneal deformation by non-contact tonometry integrated with an ultra-high-speed (UHS) Scheimpflug camera.
17  dorsal aorta
(67 times)
Biology
(13 times)
HSCs (10 times)
ECs (7 times)
PCV (7 times)
1984 Peripheral neural input to neurons of the middle cervical ganglion in the cat.
18  disc area
(66 times)
Ophthalmology
(56 times)
AMD (13 times)
RA (12 times)
CA (11 times)
1989 [Optic disc measurements with computerized image analysis in experimental chronic glaucoma].
19  domain adaptation
(64 times)
Cybernetics
(14 times)
EEG (4 times)
DL (3 times)
AUC (2 times)
2012 Boosting automatic event extraction from the literature using domain adaptation and coreference resolution.
20  descending aorta
(62 times)
Cardiology
(16 times)
AA (29 times)
PA (9 times)
CT (5 times)
1982 Influence of heat stress on arterial baroreflex control of heart rate in the baboon.
21  dental anxiety
(58 times)
Dentistry
(46 times)
MDAS (12 times)
DAS (8 times)
DMFT (5 times)
2004 Dental anxiety in Iceland: an epidemiological postal survey.
22  diffuse astrocytoma
(57 times)
Neoplasms
(25 times)
AA (26 times)
GBM (21 times)
PA (11 times)
2003 Loss of heterozygosity of a locus in the chromosomal region 17p13.3 is associated with increased cell proliferation in astrocytic tumors.
23  divided attention
(57 times)
Psychology
(35 times)
FA (19 times)
TBI (3 times)
ABE (2 times)
1991 Effects of crossmodal divided attention on late ERP components. II. Error processing in choice reaction tasks.
24  dark adaptation
(56 times)
Ophthalmology
(38 times)
AMD (23 times)
RIT (11 times)
RPD (5 times)
1979 Photomechanical migrations of pigment granules along the retinula cells of the crayfish.
25  disease activity
(56 times)
Rheumatology
(27 times)
RA (19 times)
SSc (6 times)
IBD (4 times)
1996 Elevated levels of markers of endothelial cell damage and markers of activated coagulation in patients with systemic necrotizing vasculitis.
26  direct anterior
(53 times)
Orthopedics
(31 times)
THA (38 times)
DL (13 times)
BMI (6 times)
2013 Does the surgical approach in one stage bilateral total hip arthroplasty affect blood loss?
27  data assimilation
(52 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
EnKF (6 times)
ML (5 times)
NWP (4 times)
2007 Modeling and estimation of dynamic EGFR pathway by data assimilation approach using time series proteomic data.
28  dark-adapted
(51 times)
Ophthalmology
(36 times)
LA (26 times)
ERG (19 times)
ffERG (5 times)
1984 Effects of extracellular Ca++, K+, and Na+ on cone and retinal pigment epithelium retinomotor movements in isolated teleost retinas.
29  distal arthrogryposis
(51 times)
Genetics, Medical
(24 times)
AMC (6 times)
DA5D (3 times)
ECEL1 (3 times)
1992 Prenatal diagnosis of distal arthrogryposis type I by ultrasonography.
30  duodenal atresia
(48 times)
General Surgery
(29 times)
EA (8 times)
CC (4 times)
JIA (4 times)
1996 A familial disorder with duodenal atresia and tetralogy of Fallot.
31  directional asymmetry
(46 times)
Biology
(12 times)
FA (29 times)
AS (3 times)
DI (2 times)
1987 Directional dental asymmetry in South Sinai Bedouin isolates.
32  drug abuse
(46 times)
Psychology
(13 times)
AUD (11 times)
CB (6 times)
MD (4 times)
1990 Vascular hepatotoxicity related to heroin addiction.
33  displaced abomasum
(45 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(41 times)
NEFA (8 times)
DIM (7 times)
MET (7 times)
1979 Variables associated with peripartum traits in dairy cows. II. Interrelationships among disorders and their effects on intake of feed and on reproductive efficiency.
34  decanoic acid
(40 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
DESs (3 times)
DHA (3 times)
DSC (3 times)
1986 The effects of short-chain fatty acids on the neuronal membrane functions of Helix pomatia. I. Electrical properties.
35  duodenal adenocarcinoma
(39 times)
General Surgery
(16 times)
OS (9 times)
HR (7 times)
CI (4 times)
2002 Expression of ERRP in normal and neoplastic pancreata and its relationship to clinicopathologic parameters in pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
36  diacetyl
(38 times)
Toxicology
(7 times)
MGO (10 times)
GO (9 times)
alpha-DCs (5 times)
1985 Potential initiating and promoting activities of diacetyl and glyoxal in rat stomach mucosa.
37  decursinol angelate
(36 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
AGN (16 times)
NCs (3 times)
TRAMP (3 times)
2007 Transport of decursin and decursinol angelate across Caco-2 and MDR-MDCK cell monolayers: in vitro models for intestinal and blood-brain barrier permeability.
38  dilute acid
(36 times)
Technology
(21 times)
AFEX (7 times)
LHW (5 times)
AL (4 times)
2009 Access of cellulase to cellulose and lignin for poplar solids produced by leading pretreatment technologies.
39  directional atherectomy
(36 times)
Vascular Diseases
(26 times)
DCB (10 times)
CFA (4 times)
PAD (4 times)
1994 Infrainguinal directional atherectomy: long-term follow-up and comparison with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty.
40  data augmentation
(34 times)
Medical Informatics
(6 times)
DL (7 times)
EEG (5 times)
CNN (4 times)
2004 Bayesian inference for randomized clinical trials with treatment failures.
41  axial diffusivity
(31 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
DR (28 times)
FA (25 times)
MD (23 times)
2007 Diffusion tensor imaging of normal-appearing white matter in mild cognitive impairment and early Alzheimer disease: preliminary evidence of axonal degeneration in the temporal lobe.
42  Dubinin-Astakhov
(30 times)
Environmental Health
(19 times)
CNTs (2 times)
D-R (2 times)
DM (2 times)
2004 Estimating the pore size distribution of activated carbons from adsorption data of different adsorbates by various methods.
43  dynamic assessment
(30 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(16 times)
LI (3 times)
CA (2 times)
WP (2 times)
2001 Dynamic Assessment of Diverse Children: A Tutorial.
44  delayed alternation
(29 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
DR (10 times)
OA (4 times)
MWM (2 times)
1976 Effects of successive unilateral ablations of principalis cortex upon performances of delayed alternation and delayed response by monkeys.
45  deoxycholic acid
(29 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
CA (3 times)
CS (2 times)
DP (2 times)
1980 Effect of cecum and appendix on 7 alpha-dehydroxylation and 7 beta-epimerization of chenodeoxycholic acid in the rabbit.
46  Desmoplastic ameloblastoma
(29 times)
Dentistry
(16 times)
SMA (2 times)
AC (1 time)
AM (1 time)
1992 The desmo- and osteoplastic ameloblastoma. Histologic variant or clinicopathologic entity? Case reports.
47  difficult airway
(29 times)
Anesthesiology
(11 times)
BMI (3 times)
DI (3 times)
OSA (3 times)
2010 Difficult airway management and the novice physician.
48  diffusion approximation
(27 times)
Biophysics
(10 times)
MC (8 times)
RTE (6 times)
CW (3 times)
2004 Diffuse-diffuse photon coupling via nonscattering void in the presence of refractive index mismatch on the void boundary.
49  developmental age
(26 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
DS (7 times)
DQ (4 times)
ASD (2 times)
1986 Long-term follow-up of ten patients with Lesch-Nyhan syndrome.
50  dopaminergic neurons
(26 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
PD (14 times)
SN (5 times)
VTA (4 times)
2007 Drosophila DJ-1 mutants are sensitive to oxidative stress and show reduced lifespan and motor deficits.
51  diacetylene
(25 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(10 times)
PDA (13 times)
PDAs (4 times)
PCDA (2 times)
2011 Inkjet printing of conjugated polymer precursors on paper substrates for colorimetric sensing and flexible electrothermochromic display.
52  differentially abundant
(25 times)
Science
(5 times)
ARGs (2 times)
MS (2 times)
PD (2 times)
2017 Epithelial proteome profiling suggests the essential role of interferon-inducible proteins in patients with allergic rhinitis.
53  diffuse adherence
(24 times)
Microbiology
(13 times)
LA (13 times)
EPEC (10 times)
AIDA-I (3 times)
1985 Correlation between adherence to HeLa cells and serogroups, serotypes, and bioserotypes of Escherichia coli.
54  dissemination area
(24 times)
Public Health
(15 times)
SES (3 times)
Can-ALE (2 times)
CT (2 times)
2006 Prognostic relevance of census-derived individual respondent incomes versus household incomes.
55  dense area
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(17 times)
PD (13 times)
NDA (11 times)
MD (6 times)
2005 Characteristic localisation of denatured high-density lipoprotein (HDL) at the periphery of a lipid core in human atherosclerotic lesions.
56  L-DOPA and dopamine
(22 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
PD (5 times)
L-DOPA (3 times)
NA (3 times)
1979 gamma-Glutamyl DOPA and gamma-glutamyl dopamine: effect on plasma glucose levels.
57  decision analysis
(20 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
cQOL (2 times)
MRSA (2 times)
AFS (1 time)
1987 Application of decision analysis to drug selection for formulary addition.
58  descriptive analysis
(20 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(12 times)
CATA (2 times)
TCATA (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
2015 Functional analysis of problem behavior: A systematic approach for identifying idiosyncratic variables.
59  disc angle
(19 times)
Orthopedics
(8 times)
DH (4 times)
OLIF (4 times)
VAS (4 times)
2013 Segmental spinal canal volume in patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis.
60  dissecting aneurysm
(19 times)
Brain
(7 times)
SAH (7 times)
PICA (4 times)
VA (4 times)
1990 [Dissecting aneurysm of the vertebral artery as a cause of Wallenberg's syndrome].
61  dodecylamine
(19 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
OA (5 times)
HDA (2 times)
XRD (2 times)
1990 Reversible drug effects on the metabolic activation of polymorphonuclear leukocytes.
62  daidzein
(17 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
EQ (5 times)
GE (3 times)
BA (2 times)
1986 Determination of urinary lignans and phytoestrogen metabolites, potential antiestrogens and anticarcinogens, in urine of women on various habitual diets.
63  daunorubicin and cytarabine
(17 times)
Hematology
(6 times)
AML (9 times)
CR (5 times)
OS (5 times)
1998 Leukemic cellular retinoic acid resistance and missense mutations in the PML-RARalpha fusion gene after relapse of acute promyelocytic leukemia from treatment with all-trans retinoic acid and intensive chemotherapy.
64  dragonfly algorithm
(17 times)
Biology
(5 times)
CNN (2 times)
DE (2 times)
PSO (2 times)
2017 A global optimization algorithm inspired in the behavior of selfish herds.
65  death anxiety
(16 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
PLWH (2 times)
ACP (1 time)
ACT (1 time)
2011 Work related stress among gynecologic oncologists.
66  discourse analysis
(16 times)
Nursing
(8 times)
CA (2 times)
SPs (2 times)
ASD (1 time)
1998 Tet offensive: winning hearts and minds for prevention. Discourse and ideology in Vietnam's "Health" Newspaper.
67  domestic abuse
(16 times)
Social Sciences
(3 times)
CFA (1 time)
CWFT (1 time)
DV (1 time)
2013 Developing a multidisciplinary approach within the ED towards domestic violence presentations.
68  dopamine hydrochloride
(16 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
UA (3 times)
AA (2 times)
CC (2 times)
1985 Dopamine decreases release of luteinizing hormone releasing hormone from superfused rat mediobasal hypothalamus.
69  dose-adjusted
(16 times)
Hematology
(10 times)
DLBCL (5 times)
PFS (4 times)
CR (2 times)
2006 Optimization of dose prescription protocol and its impact on delivered dose and vascular response after beta-radiation for in-stent restenosis. A randomized trial with serial volumetric intravascular ultrasound and dose volume histograms.
70  Danger Assessment
(15 times)
Violence
(7 times)
IPV (6 times)
ODARA (3 times)
AAS (2 times)
1989 Assessment of patterns of dangerousness with battered women.
71  denture adhesive
(15 times)
Dentistry
(11 times)
bFGF (1 time)
DACT (1 time)
DS (1 time)
2008 Radiopaque dental adhesives: dispersion of flame-made Ta2O5/SiO2 nanoparticles in methacrylic matrices.
72  Dermatitis artefacta
(15 times)
Dermatology
(10 times)
ASD (1 time)
BFRB (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
2007 Dermatitis artefacta.
73  Destruxin A
(15 times)
Toxins, Biological
(3 times)
BLI (5 times)
DARTS (2 times)
dsRNA (2 times)
2006 Toxicity assessment of metabolites of fungal biocontrol agents using two different (Artemia salina and Daphnia magna) invertebrate bioassays.
74  dexamethasone acetate
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
CD (2 times)
DEX (2 times)
DSP (2 times)
1983 Regulation of plasminogen activator secretion, interferon induction and proliferation in murine macrophages.
75  dafachronic acid
(14 times)
Biology
(6 times)
IIS (2 times)
WT (2 times)
AP (1 time)
2008 Regulation of Caenorhabditis elegans male mate searching behavior by the nuclear receptor DAF-12.
76  daily activities
(14 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
PR (3 times)
BM (2 times)
DLQI (2 times)
1992 [The sequelae of osteoporotic femoral fracture in Barcelona].
77  detection accuracy
(14 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(5 times)
SPR (9 times)
FOM (5 times)
SNR (4 times)
2012 Database of movement control in the cervical spine. Reference normal of 182 asymptomatic persons.
78  digital angiography
(14 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
DSA (3 times)
MRI (2 times)
3D-TOF-MRA (1 time)
1983 Use of digitized functional angiography to evaluate arterial blood flow.
79  direct admission
(14 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
LOS (4 times)
ED (3 times)
DIR (2 times)
1981 Incidence and Origin of Clostridium botulinum Spores in Honey.
80  D-1 and D-2 dopamine
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
EEDQ (2 times)
EEG (1 time)
NPA (1 time)
1982 Interactions of novel dopaminergic ligands with D-1 and D-2 dopamine receptors.
81  distamycin A
(13 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
DAPI (5 times)
FISH (2 times)
ACV (1 time)
1975 Synergic action of distamycin A and hydroxyurea on the reproduction of DNA viruses in cell cultures.
82  direct agglutination
(12 times)
Tropical Medicine
(4 times)
IHA (4 times)
IIF (4 times)
ELISA (3 times)
1981 The direct agglutination test for chronic Chagas's disease. The effect of pre-treatment of test samples with 2-mercaptoethanol.
83  dopaminergic amacrine
(12 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
IPL (3 times)
CA (1 time)
Chr (1 time)
2004 Gene discovery in genetically labeled single dopaminergic neurons of the retina.
84  2,3-dimethylmaleic anhydride
(11 times)
Biocompatible Materials
(3 times)
DOX (2 times)
PEG (2 times)
AZM (1 time)
2014 Smart pH-responsive nanocarriers based on nano-graphene oxide for combined chemo- and photothermal therapy overcoming drug resistance.
85  dietary advice
(11 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
ONS (4 times)
CI (2 times)
MR (2 times)
1999 Effects of a 'common sense diet' on urinary composition and supersaturation in patients with idiopathic calcium urolithiasis.
86  discriminatory accuracy
(11 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
AUC (5 times)
MAIHDA (2 times)
ORs (2 times)
2015 Questioning the discriminatory accuracy of broad migrant categories in public health: self-rated health in Sweden.
87  dominant active
(11 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
DN (4 times)
JNK (3 times)
FasL (2 times)
1996 Regulation of interleukin-2 transcription by inducible stable expression of dominant negative and dominant active mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase in jurkat T cells. Evidence for the importance of Ras in a pathway that is controlled by dual receptor stimulation.
88  doubts about actions
(11 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(3 times)
CM (10 times)
PS (5 times)
CFMPS (3 times)
1998 Dimensions of perfectionism across the anxiety disorders.
89  Dehydroandrographolide
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
BDL (2 times)
15-D2 -DA (1 time)
ALT (1 time)
2015 Dehydroandrographolide enhances innate immunity of intestinal tract through up-regulation the expression of hBD-2.
90  depression and anxiety
(10 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
ADHD (1 time)
BRFSS (1 time)
CF (1 time)
2009 Detection of Lewy body disease in patients with late-onset depression, anxiety and psychotic disorder with myocardial meta-iodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy.
91  direct access
(10 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
RA (2 times)
AR (1 time)
DHs (1 time)
2007 Effect of health care delivery models on melanoma thickness and stage in a university-based referral center: an observational pilot study.
92  distance
(10 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
dS (2 times)
ang (1 time)
DH (1 time)
2003 Dimerization and inter-chromophore distance of Cph1 phytochrome from Synechocystis, as monitored by fluorescence homo and hetero energy transfer.
93  double adenoma
(10 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
SA (7 times)
PHPT (5 times)
HP (3 times)
1995 Persistent or recurrent hyperparathyroidism in patients with double adenomas.
94  Daniel's
(9 times)
Virology
(3 times)
TMEV (5 times)
i.c (2 times)
CNS (1 time)
1996 Spontaneous central nervous system remyelination in strain A mice after infection with the Daniel's (DA) strain of Theiler's virus.
95  Dark Agouti rats
(9 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
AO (2 times)
EAE (2 times)
SD (2 times)
1991 Codeine O-demethylation: rat strain differences and the effects of inhibitors.
96  dating abuse
(9 times)
Violence
(3 times)
CI (1 time)
GEE (1 time)
MARSHA (1 time)
2011 The proportion of U.S. parents who talk with their adolescent children about dating abuse.
97  direct aortic
(9 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
TAVI (5 times)
TA (4 times)
SC (3 times)
2015 Comparative survival after transapical, direct aortic, and subclavian transcatheter aortic valve implantation (data from the UK TAVI registry).
98  direct aspiration
(9 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
SR (4 times)
MT (3 times)
OR (3 times)
1999 Respiratory tract infections due to direct and reflux aspiration in children with severe neurodisability.
99  drop attacks
(9 times)
Otolaryngology
(4 times)
MD (3 times)
DEH (2 times)
VS (2 times)
1988 Rare clinical disturbances of the brain stem mechanism as cerebellar fits and drop attacks.
100  duplex arteriography
(9 times)
Vascular Diseases
(9 times)
CA (5 times)
fPPG (2 times)
MRA (2 times)
2001 Early results of infragenicular revascularization based solely on duplex arteriography.