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Abbreviation: DAI
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Long forms: 135

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
disease activity index
(749 times)
Pharmacology
(166 times)
DSS (431 times)
UC (255 times)
IBD (180 times)
1987 5-Aminosalicylic acid enemas in treatment of distal ulcerative colitis and proctitis in Canada.
diffuse axonal injury
(506 times)
Neurology
(187 times)
TBI (163 times)
MRI (48 times)
DTI (40 times)
1982 Diffuse axonal injury due to nonmissile head injury in humans: an analysis of 45 cases.
days after inoculation
(238 times)
Parasitology
(48 times)
ITS (9 times)
PDA (5 times)
RKN (5 times)
1975 The developmental cycle of a species of Sarcocystis occurring in dogs and sheep, with observations on pathogenicity in the intermediate host.
Dental Aesthetic Index
(207 times)
Dentistry
(149 times)
IOTN (31 times)
OHRQoL (20 times)
ICON (13 times)
1993 Prevalence of malocclusion in high school students in Japan according to the Dental Aesthetic Index.
daidzein
(64 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(16 times)
GEN (34 times)
ER (7 times)
EQ (6 times)
1997 Induction of micronuclei, DNA strand breaks and HPRT mutations in cultured Chinese hamster V79 cells by the phytoestrogen coumoestrol.
Drug Attitude Inventory
(64 times)
Psychiatry
(36 times)
PANSS (11 times)
GAF (4 times)
CGI (3 times)
1996 Quality of life and self-esteem in working and nonworking persons with mental illness.
DNA-dependent activator of IFN-regulatory factors
(28 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
AIM2 (3 times)
CNS (3 times)
HSV-1 (3 times)
2007 DAI (DLM-1/ZBP1) is a cytosolic DNA sensor and an activator of innate immune response.
device-associated infection
(14 times)
Communicable Diseases
(7 times)
CAUTI (8 times)
VAP (8 times)
ICUs (7 times)
2006 Device-associated infection rate and mortality in intensive care units of 9 Colombian hospitals: findings of the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium.
direct aqueous injection
(13 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(9 times)
LLE (4 times)
GC (3 times)
HS (3 times)
1994 Volatile organic analysis by direct aqueous injection.
10  Dietary Antioxidant Index
(11 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
BMI (2 times)
FFQ (2 times)
INQ (2 times)
2017 Relationship between dietary antioxidant index (DAI) and antioxidants level in plasma of Krakow inhabitants.
11  Dissertation Abstracts International
(8 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
CENTRAL (5 times)
RCTs (5 times)
ICTRP (3 times)
2006 Setting and organization of care for persons living with HIV/AIDS.
12  Disturbances of Attachment Interview
(8 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
RAD (3 times)
BDNF (2 times)
RInAB (2 times)
2009 Disturbances of attachment and parental psychopathology in early childhood.
13  deficit accumulation index
(6 times)
Geriatrics
(4 times)
CI (2 times)
ED (2 times)
CGA (1 time)
2008 Frailty predicts some but not all adverse outcomes in older adults discharged from the emergency department.
14  disease activity
(6 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
DSS (3 times)
IBD (3 times)
AMO (1 time)
1999 Combination therapy of pentoxifylline and TNFalpha monoclonal antibody in dextran sulphate-induced mouse colitis.
15  direct audio input
(5 times)
Audiology
(5 times)
CIs (2 times)
AH (1 time)
AMDTs (1 time)
2005 Digital signal processing hearing aids, personal FM systems, and interference: is there a problem?
16  disease activity index score
(5 times)
Biology
(1 time)
DSS (5 times)
IBD (2 times)
5-ALA (1 time)
2008 Alternative medicine products as a novel treatment strategy for inflammatory bowel disease.
17  Drug Access Initiative
(5 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(2 times)
ART (2 times)
AE (1 time)
ARV (1 time)
2003 Socio-economic and health characteristics of HIV-infected patients seeking care in relation to access to the Drug Access Initiative and to antiretroviral treatment in Cote d'Ivoire.
18  Dynamic Assessment Interview
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
SASB (1 time)
1997 The Dynamic Assessment Interview: testing the psychodynamic assessment variables.
19  Dental Anxiety Inventory
(4 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
ICU (1 time)
IRT (1 time)
S-DAI (1 time)
1995 A study on the convergent and discriminant validity of the Dental Anxiety Inventory.
20  dangerous anthropogenic interference
(3 times)
Science
(3 times)
GHGs (1 time)
GMT (1 time)
HFCs (1 time)
2005 Probabilistic assessment of "dangerous" climate change and emissions pathways.
21  days after injury
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
PLM (1 time)
TSP (1 time)
1996 Repair of naphthalene-injured microdissected airways in vitro.
22  days after ischemia
(3 times)
Brain
(3 times)
BMMCs (1 time)
BrdU (1 time)
GCI (1 time)
2005 Reappearance of hippocampal CA1 neurons after ischemia is associated with recovery of learning and memory.
23  diastolic area index
(3 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
PWV (3 times)
DRA (2 times)
6MWD (1 time)
2013 Evaluation of arterial stiffness for predicting future cardiovascular events in patients with ST segment elevation and non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction.
24  droplet-assisted ionization
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
SOA (2 times)
CGC (1 time)
GT (1 time)
2018 Ion formation in droplet-assisted ionization.
25  daily activity interference
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CEA (1 time)
IC (1 time)
NSEV (1 time)
1998 Assessment of the emetogenic potential of intrathecal chemotherapy and response to prophylactic treatment with ondansetron.
26  daisaikoto
(2 times)
Food Analysis
(1 time)
BOF (2 times)
BAT (1 time)
HF (1 time)
2008 Bofutsushosan, an Oriental Herbal Medicine, Attenuates the Weight Gain of White Adipose Tissue and the Increased Size of Adipocytes Associated with the Increase in Their Expression of Uncoupling Protein 1 in High-Fat Diet-Fed Male KK/Ta mice.
27  day after irradiation
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
DOPA (1 time)
MHDs (1 time)
UV (1 time)
1997 The skin injury induced by high energy dose of ultraviolet in hairless descendants of Mexican hairless dogs.
28  day after the onset of imbibition
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
DAF (1 time)
SDS-PAGE (1 time)
1990 Stored mRNA in cotyledons of Vigna unguiculata seeds: nucleotide sequence of cloned cDNA for a stored mRNA and induction of its synthesis by precocious germination.
29  Dental Aesthetic
(2 times)
Orthodontics
(1 time)
DMFT (1 time)
1993 Orthodontic treatment need and the dental aesthetic index.
30  depth of anaesthesia index
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
ARX-model (2 times)
AEP (1 time)
FIR (1 time)
1999 On-line analysis of middle latency auditory evoked potentials (MLAEP) for monitoring depth of anaesthesia in laboratory rats.
31  detrusor activity index
(2 times)
Urology
(2 times)
ACM (2 times)
FES (1 time)
LUTE (1 time)
2002 Efficacy of physical therapeutic modalities in women with proven bladder overactivity.
32  diffuse-axonal-injuries
(2 times)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
DTI (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
SUFEHM (1 time)
2011 Computation of axonal elongation in head trauma finite element simulation.
33  disease activation index
(2 times)
Pharmaceutical Preparations
(1 time)
CMDI (2 times)
5-ASA (1 time)
DNBS (1 time)
2016 1,25-hydroxyvitamin D relieves colitis in rats via down-regulation of toll-like receptor 9 expression.
34  disease activity scale
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
--- 2000 Serum transforming growth factor-beta1 levels increase in response to successful anti-inflammatory therapy in ulcerative colitis.
35  distance-based atom-type topological index
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
MLR (1 time)
RRT (1 time)
2006 Novel distance-based atom-type topological indices DAI for QSPR/QSAR studies of alcohols.
36  DNA-dependent activator of IRFs
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AIM2 (1 time)
cGAS (1 time)
DNA-PK (1 time)
2008 Select paramyxoviral V proteins inhibit IRF3 activation by acting as alternative substrates for inhibitor of kappaB kinase epsilon (IKKe)/TBK1.
37  dog allergen immunotherapy
(2 times)
Vaccines
(1 time)
CRD (1 time)
2018 Critical aspects in dog allergen immunotherapy (DAI). May Component Resolved Diagnosis (CRD) play a role in predicting the efficacy?
38  dog-assisted intervention
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
AAIs (1 time)
2020 Dog-assisted interventions in care homes: A qualitative exploration of the nature, meaning and impact of interactions for older people.
39  double adiabatic inversion
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CASL (1 time)
SAI (1 time)
SNR (1 time)
2004 Simple model of double adiabatic inversion (DAI) efficiency.
40  double-stranded RNA-activated inhibitor
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 1989 The phosphorylation state of eucaryotic initiation factor 2 alters translational efficiency of specific mRNAs.
41  drug-allergy interaction
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
CPOE (1 time)
2015 High Override Rate for Opioid Drug-allergy Interaction Alerts: Current Trends and Recommendations for Future.
42  dsRNA-dependent protein kinase
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AIDS (1 time)
ds (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
1992 Viral inhibition of the interferon system.
43  UC-Disease Activity Index
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
UC (2 times)
CAI (1 time)
CAL (1 time)
2008 A lecithinized superoxide dismutase (PC-SOD) improves ulcerative colitis.
44  3-O-,4-O-diacetylisoproterenol
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
DBI (1 time)
1981 3-O-,4-O-diacetylisoproterenol and 3-O-,4-O-dibenzoylisoproterenol: hypothermic effects in mice and the involvement of beta-adrenergic receptors.
45  5,6-diacetoxyindole
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
DHI (1 time)
2007 Melanin precursor 5,6-dihydroxyindol: protective effects and cytotoxicity on retinal cells in vitro and in vivo.
46  6-OH-daidzein
(1 time)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
GLY (1 time)
HLM (1 time)
2007 In vitro and in vivo metabolism of the soy isoflavone glycitein.
47  active-di B-Z transition mechanism, where two hZbeta
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2011 The Zbeta domain of human DAI binds to Z-DNA via a novel B-Z transition pathway.
48  d after herbicide injection
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Aphid transmission of Banana bunchy top virus to bananas after treatment with a bananacide.
49  d after imbibition started
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 2001 A TGACGT motif in the 5'-upstream region of alpha-amylase gene from Vigna mungo is a cis-element for expression in cotyledons of germinated seeds.
50  DA index
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CNR (1 time)
DA (1 time)
DW (1 time)
2006 Novel diffusion anisotropy indices: an evaluation.
51  DAI staging
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
IVH (2 times)
CC (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2014 Intraventricular hemorrhage on initial computed tomography as marker of diffuse axonal injury after traumatic brain injury.
52  Daily Alcohol Intake
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 1991 A case-control study on alcohol consumption and the risk of chronic liver disease.
53  dairyness
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
FUA (1 time)
PL72 (1 time)
RUW (1 time)
2016 Linear and nonlinear genetic relationships between type traits and productive life in US dairy goats.
54  data accuracy index
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Road traffic fatalities in Arkhangelsk, Russia in 2005-2010: reliability of police and healthcare data.
55  day after burn injury
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
CLCR (1 time)
PK (1 time)
PTA (1 time)
2014 Population pharmacokinetic analysis of piperacillin in burn patients.
56  days after imbibition of water
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2001 Molecular and biochemical characterization of endo-beta-mannanases from germinating coffee (Coffea arabica) grains.
57  days after implantation
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
IPNV (2 times)
dpi (1 time)
GR (1 time)
2012 Slow release cortisol implants result in impaired innate immune responses and higher infection prevalence following experimental challenge with infectious pancreatic necrosis virus in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) parr.
58  days after induction of tuberization
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
PKPI (1 time)
1994 Detection of immunologically related Kunitz and Bowman-Birk proteinase inhibitors expressed during potato tuber development.
59  days after oral inoculation with bradyzoites
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
HAI (1 time)
1998 Bradyzoite-induced murine toxoplasmosis: stage conversion, pathogenesis, and tissue cyst formation in mice fed bradyzoites of different strains of Toxoplasma gondii.
60  days after sporozoite inoculation
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
CPA (1 time)
MDBK (1 time)
1988 Development of Hammondia heydorni in cultured bovine and ovine cells.
61  days after the forebrain ischemia
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BrdU (1 time)
CREB (1 time)
2008 Cilostazol preserves CA1 hippocampus and enhances generation of immature neuroblasts in dentate gyrus after transient forebrain ischemia in rats.
62  days after transient cerebral ischemia
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Degeneration of newly formed CA1 neurons following global ischemia in the rat.
63  days two to ten after infection
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
DAP (1 time)
1991 [Histochemistry of acid phosphatase in small intestine mucosa in experimental coccidiosis in suckling piglets].
64  deaminase inhibitor
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1980 Use of feed additives to reduce ruminal methane production and deaminase activity in steers.
65  decision aid instrument
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
ELBW (1 time)
PDA (1 time)
2015 A prospective study of maternal preference for indomethacin prophylaxis versus symptomatic treatment of a patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants.
66  decreasing clinical activity
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
--- 1992 Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (cANCA and pANCA) titers in relation to disease activity in patients with necrotizing vasculitis: a longitudinal study.
67  deferoxamine administration
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
--- 1996 Influence of iron status in the response to the deferoxamine test.
68  degrees of acetylation
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2013 Chitosan tubes of varying degrees of acetylation for bridging peripheral nerve defects.
69  deletion-associated insert
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1986 A 66-base pair insert bridges the deletion responsible for a mouse model of beta-thalassemia.
70  demonstrated in humans and primates with post-traumatic
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1990 Morphology and neurophysiology of focal axonal injury experimentally induced in the guinea pig optic nerve.
71  dental treatment and orthodontic treatment needs
(1 time)
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
(1 time)
OHRQoL (1 time)
2012 The influence of oral health conditions, socioeconomic status and home environment factors on schoolchildren's self-perception of quality of life.
72  dentin-adhesive interface
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2014 Effect of long-term storage on nanomechanical and morphological properties of dentin-adhesive interfaces.
73  Developmental action inquiry
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
PBL (1 time)
2002 Evaluating the use of developmental action inquiry in constructing a problem-based learning curriculum for pre-registration nursing education in Hong Kong: a student perspective.
74  diallyl itaconate
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
HA (1 time)
MAERs (1 time)
2017 Preparation of Permanent Magnetic Resin Crosslinking by Diallyl Itaconate and Its Adsorptive and Anti-fouling Behaviors for Humic Acid Removal.
75  Dialysis adequacy index
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
HCFA (1 time)
HD (1 time)
2001 Clinical morbidity in pediatric dialysis patients: data from the Network 1 Clinical Indicators Project.
76  didactic activity index
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
CPT (1 time)
ICD (1 time)
2004 Reporting instruction for radiology residents.
77  diet management
(1 time)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2010 An interactive diary for diet management (DAI): a new telemedicine system able to promote body weight reduction, nutritional education, and consumption of fresh local produce.
78  dietary isoflavones, GEN and daidzein
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
GEN (1 time)
IRD (1 time)
2009 Responses of estrogen sensitive tissues in female Wistar rats to pre- and postnatal isoflavone exposure.
79  difference alignment index
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
RSA (1 time)
2006 A comparative study of available software for high-accuracy homology modeling: from sequence alignments to structural models.
80  different from the mean theta
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
DT (1 time)
2002 Validation of diffusion tensor MRI-based muscle fiber tracking.
81  Differential aberration imaging
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
TPM (1 time)
2019 Contrast improvement in two-photon microscopy with instantaneous differential aberration imaging.
82  differential allelic isoforms
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
DAE (1 time)
2014 Defining a personal, allele-specific, and single-molecule long-read transcriptome.
83  Difficulty in Assertiveness Inventory
(1 time)
Psychology, Experimental
(1 time)
--- 1979 The Structure Of Self-Reported Difficulty In Assertiveness: An Application Of Three-Mode Common Factor Analysis.
84  diffuse AI
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
1997 A mechanistic analysis of nondisruptive axonal injury: a review.
85  Diffuse Assonal Injury
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
MVAR (1 time)
TBI (1 time)
2010 Measures of connectivity among the different brain areas during an attention task.
86  diffuse axonal damage
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2004 The conformation of the brain plays an important role in the distribution of diffuse axonal injury in fatal road traffic accident.
87  diffuse traumatic axonal injury
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Neuropathology of the vegetative state after head injury.
88  diffusion abnormality index
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
DAProF (1 time)
DW (1 time)
RT (1 time)
2013 Investigation of the diffusion abnormality index as a new imaging biomarker for early assessment of brain tumor response to radiation therapy.
89  diffusion anisotropy imaging
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BBB (1 time)
MPEP (1 time)
2005 Application of magnetic resonance diffusion anisotropy imaging for the assessment neuroprotecting effects of MPEP, a selective mGluR5 antagonist, on the rat spinal cord injury in vivo.
90  diffusion anisotropy index
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CNR (1 time)
FA (1 time)
RA (1 time)
2005 Contrast-to-noise ratios of diffusion anisotropy indices.
91  Digestion-Absorption Index
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 1981 Differential diagnosis of maldigestion and malabsorption of fat. II. Comparison of 131I-triolein with 14C-triolein in normal, pancreatic juice-deficient, short bowel and bile-deficient dogs.
92  digital accessible information
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2015 Global priorities for an effective information basis of biodiversity distributions.
93  Digital Arthritis Index
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CIA (1 time)
RA (1 time)
SOC (1 time)
2017 Development of the Digital Arthritis Index, a Novel Metric to Measure Disease Parameters in a Rat Model of Rheumatoid Arthritis.
94  Digital Atlasing Infrastructure
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
INCF (1 time)
POI (1 time)
SRSs (1 time)
2014 Cyberinfrastructure for the digital brain: spatial standards for integrating rodent brain atlases.
95  direct anatomical inspection
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
DT (1 time)
2002 Validation of diffusion tensor MRI-based muscle fiber tracking.
96  Direct Antigen Identification Test
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 1985 Evaluation of a rapid method for the detection of streptococcal group A antigen directly from throat swabs.
97  Direct Auditory Input
(1 time)
Cochlear Implants
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
SSD (1 time)
2019 Re-training the deaf ear: Auditory training for adult cochlear implant users with singlesided deafness.
98  directional advance information
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 1983 Anticipatory changes of long-latency stretch responses during preparation for directional hand movements.
99  Discrepancy Aesthetic Index
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
OHRQoL (1 time)
PWB (1 time)
SE (1 time)
2020 [Impact of orthodontic treatment and psychological parameters on oral health related quality of life of children in Middle Eastern country].
100  disease associated index
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
DSS (1 time)
2019 Berberine Protects Mice Against Dextran Sulfate Sodium-Induced Colitis by Activating mTORC1 Pathway.