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Abbreviation: DAR
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
drug-to-antibody ratio
(142 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(32 times)
ADCs (83 times)
ADC (33 times)
HIC (15 times)
2011 Characterization of intact antibody-drug conjugates from plasma/serum in vivo by affinity capture capillary liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry.
dopamine receptor
(29 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
DA (3 times)
PD (3 times)
ESP (2 times)
1991 Neurochemical basis for the absence of overt "stereotyped" behaviors in rats with up-regulated striatal D2 dopamine receptors.
delta/alpha ratio
(15 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
BSI (5 times)
qEEG (4 times)
EEG (3 times)
2009 Delta-alpha ratio correlates with level of recovery after neurorehabilitation in patients with acquired brain injury.
differential absorption ratio
(15 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(4 times)
PET (10 times)
FDG (4 times)
CT (2 times)
1990 [Estimation of the reticuloendothelial function by positron emission computed tomography (PET) study in chronic liver disease].
diacerhein
(12 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
ACE2 (1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
CAC (1 time)
1986 [Influence of diacereine on the gastroduodenal mucosa of ulcer patients in remission and on the diuresis of cirrhosis ascites patients].
diazoresin
(12 times)
Biotechnology
(6 times)
PSS (3 times)
LbL (2 times)
PAA (2 times)
2005 Patterned polyelectrolyte multilayer: surface modification for enhancing selective adsorption.
digital autoradiography
(10 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
PCa (3 times)
PET (3 times)
PC (2 times)
1999 Application of overpressured layer chromatography combined with digital autoradiography and mass spectrometry in the study of deramciclane metabolism.
diversity-area relationship
(10 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(2 times)
SAR (5 times)
MAD (3 times)
PDO (3 times)
2018 Assessing and Interpreting the Within-Body Biogeography of Human Microbiome Diversity.
dual asthmatic response
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
EAR (5 times)
IAR (5 times)
LAR (4 times)
1984 Prediction of late asthmatic responses to inhaled allergen.
10  deformity angular ratio
(9 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
S-DAR (3 times)
SK (2 times)
SVA (2 times)
2015 The Deformity Angular Ratio: Does It Correlate With High-Risk Cases for Potential Spinal Cord Monitoring Alerts in Pediatric 3-Column Thoracic Spinal Deformity Corrective Surgery?
11  dorsal acetabular rim
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
VD (2 times)
AS (1 time)
CE (1 time)
2002 Morphometric assessment of the canine hip joint using the dorsal acetabular rim view and the centre-edge angle.
12  4,6-diacetylresorcinol
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
TGA (2 times)
3AP (1 time)
APT (1 time)
2007 Spectroscopic investigations of new binuclear transition metal complexes of Schiff bases derived from 4,6-diacetylresorcinol and 3-amino-1-propanol or 1,3-diamino-propane.
13  DA receptor
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
DA (5 times)
AMT (1 time)
BNST (1 time)
1993 Heterogeneous distribution of D1, D2 and D5 receptor mRNAs in monkey striatum.
14  delta/alpha power ratio
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
qEEG (3 times)
EEG (2 times)
AHI (1 time)
2007 Quantitative EEG indices of sub-acute ischaemic stroke correlate with clinical outcomes.
15  dual asthmatic reaction
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
LAR (4 times)
EAR (2 times)
BHR (1 time)
1983 Relationship between types of asthmatic reaction, nonspecific bronchial reactivity, and specific IgE antibodies in patients with red cedar asthma.
16  darbepoetin
(4 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
EPO (3 times)
G-CSF (2 times)
MDS (2 times)
2006 High-dose darbepoetin alpha in the treatment of anaemia of lower risk myelodysplastic syndrome results of a phase II study.
17  dental arch relationship
(4 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
UCLP (4 times)
mHB (2 times)
PM (2 times)
2015 Rating dental arch relationships and palatal morphology with the EUROCRAN index on three different formats of dental casts in children with unilateral cleft lip and palate.
18  diacetylrhein
(4 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
--- 1980 A non steroidal anti-inflammatory drug that stimulates prostaglandin release.
19  dietary amylose/amylopectin ratio
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
SCFA (2 times)
ADFI (1 time)
ADG (1 time)
2015 Effect of dietary amylose/amylopectin ratio on growth performance, carcass traits, and meat quality in finishing pigs.
20  differentiation-associated repair
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
NER (4 times)
TCR (3 times)
CPDs (1 time)
2003 DNA repair in terminally differentiated cells.
21  Dimensions of Anger Reactions
(4 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
DAR-5 (1 time)
PTSD (1 time)
STAXI-2 (1 time)
2004 A concise measure of anger in combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder.
22  disulfiram-alcohol reaction
(4 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
AAPL (1 time)
ABT (1 time)
ALDH (1 time)
1985 The disulfiram-alcohol reaction: factors determining and potential tests predicting severity.
23  days of after-ripening
(3 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
ABA (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2004 Multiple loci and epistases control genetic variation for seed dormancy in weedy rice (Oryza sativa).
24  diacetyl reductase
(3 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
DA (2 times)
AC (1 time)
BD (1 time)
2004 Production of L-2,3-butanediol by a new pathway constructed in Escherichia coli.
25  distribution absorption ratio
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
FDG (1 time)
PET (1 time)
TCR (1 time)
1992 [Detection of mediastinal lymph node metastasis from lung cancer with positron emission tomography (PET) using 11C-methionine].
26  domain-associated repair
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
GGR (3 times)
NER (3 times)
TCR (3 times)
2008 Nucleotide excision repair and neurological diseases.
27  dry after-ripening
(3 times)
Botany
(2 times)
PD (2 times)
QLD (1 time)
Tb (1 time)
2008 Mimicking a semi-arid tropical environment achieves dormancy alleviation for seeds of Australian native Goodeniaceae and Asteraceae.
28  Daily Activity Report
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2015 The Daily Activity Report (DAR) a Novel Measure of Functional Outcome for Serious Mental Illness.
29  Darier's disease
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
PLA2A (2 times)
1996 Association study of bipolar disorder at the phospholipase A2 gene (PLA2A) in the Darier's disease (DAR) region of chromosome 12q23-q24.1.
30  dark adaptation rate
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
MCS (2 times)
SRT (2 times)
1999 The effect of anthocyanosides on night vision.
31  days at risk
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
ARF (1 time)
BPG (1 time)
COD (1 time)
2012 Genetic parameters for producer-recorded health data in Canadian Holstein cattle.
32  daytime activity ratio
(2 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
ICU (1 time)
MV (1 time)
RAC (1 time)
2021 Sleep and Activity Patterns Are Altered During Early Critical Illness in Mechanically Ventilated Adults.
33  deethylatrazine-to-atrazine ratio
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
LOQ (1 time)
OWs (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2002 Influence of a riparian wetland on nitrate and herbicides exported from an agricultural field.
34  deformation amplitude ratio
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
IR (2 times)
CH (1 time)
CRF (1 time)
2020 Corneal biomechanical outcome of collagen cross-linking in keratoconic patients evaluated by Corvis ST.
35  delayed aneurysmal rupture
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
CCAs (1 time)
CCF (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2019 Concomitant occurrence of clinoid and cavernous segment aneurysms complicated with carotid cavernous fistula: A case report.
36  delayed-type asthmatic response
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
EAR (1 time)
sRaw (1 time)
TDI (1 time)
1990 Delayed asthmatic response (DAR) and its pharmacologic modulation.
37  Diabetes and Ramadan
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
IDF (2 times)
2017 Diabetes and Ramadan: Practical guidelines.
38  dialkylresorcinol
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
brt (1 time)
2015 Biosynthesis-assisted structural elucidation of the bartolosides, chlorinated aromatic glycolipids from cyanobacteria.
39  diaminorhodamine
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
NO (2 times)
DAF (1 time)
iNOS (1 time)
2010 Production and scavenging of nitric oxide by barley root mitochondria.
40  diastolic average ratio
(2 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
EDV (2 times)
PI (2 times)
PSV (2 times)
2017 Uterine Artery Doppler Velocimetry of Uterine Leiomyomas in Nigerian Women.
41  Diels-Alder reactions
(2 times)
Chemistry, Organic
(1 time)
--- 2007 Angucyclinone antibiotics: total syntheses of YM-181741, (+)-ochromycinone, (+)-rubiginone B2, (-)-tetrangomycin, and MM-47755.
42  difference-average-ratio
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
TTTS (2 times)
dEFW (1 time)
2001 Classification of discordant fetal growth may contribute to risk stratification in monochorionic twin pregnancies.
43  digital audio recording
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
QPL (1 time)
2015 Patients' use of digital audio recordings in four different outpatient clinics.
44  direct-angiosome revascularization
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
CPA (2 times)
IPA (2 times)
APA (1 time)
2013 The impact of arterial pedal arch quality and angiosome revascularization on foot tissue loss healing and infrapopliteal bypass outcome.
45  downstream of AUG region
(2 times)
Virology
(2 times)
CS (1 time)
DENV (1 time)
UAR (1 time)
2010 The 5' and 3' downstream AUG region elements are required for mosquito-borne flavivirus RNA replication.
46  dynamic adhesion rate
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ASR (2 times)
WSAT (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2000 Beta1-integrin-mediated dynamic adhesion of colon carcinoma cells to extracellular matrix under laminar flow.
47  beta-diformamido-beta-(5'-phosphoribosylamino)acrylamide
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1979 trans-alpha, beta-Diformamido-beta-(5'-phosphoribosylamino)acrylamide: a possible new intermediate in de novo purine biosynthesis.
48  cow-days-at-risk
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2009 The incidence and aetiology of clinical bovine mastitis on 14 farms in Northland, New Zealand.
49  D-dimer/albumin ratio
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
FAR (1 time)
2021 Predictive value of D-dimer/albumin ratio and fibrinogen/albumin ratio for in-hospital mortality in patients with COVID-19.
50  D2-DA receptor
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
2011 Dopamine selectively modulates lipopolysaccharide-induced TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma and IL-10 within mice tissues.
51  DA autoreceptor
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
FPA (1 time)
MFB (1 time)
2013 Stimulation-evoked dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens following cocaine administration in rats perinatally exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls.
52  DA to total area
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
bFGF (1 time)
DA (1 time)
IA (1 time)
1999 A study to determine if basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) reduces myocardial infarct size in acute coronary arterial occlusion.
53  DA-resistant strain
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Improvement of daptomycin production via increased resistance to decanoic acid in Streptomyces roseosporus.
54  DA1-related
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Control of final seed and organ size by the DA1 gene family in Arabidopsis thaliana.
55  daily abortion rates
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
MA (1 time)
YL (1 time)
2018 Pregnancy and mid-term abortion rates in farmed red deer in New Zealand.
56  daily accumulation rate
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
NEO (1 time)
PSTs (1 time)
STX (1 time)
2020 Biokinetics and biotransformation of paralytic shellfish toxins in different tissues of Yesso scallops, Patinopecten yessoensis.
57  daily activity record
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
MET (1 time)
2006 Self-reported physical activity validated by pedometer: a pilot study.
58  damping ratio
(1 time)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
MDP (1 time)
2020 Comparison of splinted and non-splinted superstructures of three implants placed in a mandibular distal extension model with missing teeth using modal analysis.
59  dams of arthritic rats
(1 time)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
CR (1 time)
PN (1 time)
2010 Neonatal arthritis disturbs sleep and behaviour of adult rat offspring and their dams.
60  Danish Amputation Register
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 1980 Incidence of reamputation and death after gangrene of the lower extremity.
61  DAP12-associated receptor
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
M-CSF (1 time)
RT-PCR (1 time)
2004 The signaling adapter protein DAP12 regulates multinucleation during osteoclast development.
62  daratumumab
(1 time)
Managed Care Programs
(1 time)
Bor (1 time)
CFZ (1 time)
DEX (1 time)
2018 Cost-effectiveness of Drugs to Treat Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma in the United States.
63  DARav
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ADCs (1 time)
CQAs (1 time)
DLD (1 time)
2019 Analysis of ADCs by Native Mass Spectrometry.
64  Darie
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
ARCO (1 time)
GUA (1 time)
MAG (1 time)
2007 [Taxonomic list of the asteroids (Echinodermata: Asteroidea) from the shelf and superior slope from the Colombian Caribbean].
65  Darier's disease gene
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2003 Darier's disease associated with bipolar affective disorder: a case report.
66  Darjeeling
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
APD (1 time)
NDP (1 time)
2018 Multiple insecticide resistance mechanisms in primary dengue vector, Aedes aegypti (Linn.) from dengue endemic districts of sub-Himalayan West Bengal, India.
67  dark-adapted rods
(1 time)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
DAC (1 time)
LAC (1 time)
LAR (1 time)
1980 Relation of brightness to threshold for light-adapted and dark-adapted rods and cones: effects of retinal eccentricity and target size.
68  Dark-Adapted vision Recovery
(1 time)
AMD (1 time)
DAVEP (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
2021 Portable Diagnostic System for Age-Related Macular Degeneration Screening Using Visual Evoked Potentials.
69  Darobactin A
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
BGC (1 time)
RiPP (1 time)
2021 Optimization of heterologous Darobactin A expression and identification of the minimal biosynthetic gene cluster.
70  darusentan
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
HSCs (1 time)
KCs (1 time)
2013 Endothelin-1 receptor A blocker darusentan decreases hepatic changes and improves liver repopulation after cell transplantation in rats.
71  data acquisition and reconstruction
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
FPGA (1 time)
GPUs (1 time)
RTAI (1 time)
2008 Real-time plasma control based on the ISTTOK tomography diagnostic.
72  DEA to atrazine
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DEA (1 time)
DIA (1 time)
MCL (1 time)
2003 Atrazine, deethylatrazine, and deisopropylatrazine in surface runoff from conservation tilled watersheds.
73  DEA to atrazine concentration ratios
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DEA (1 time)
DIA (1 time)
2012 Occurrence of pesticides in transboundary aquifers of North-eastern Greece.
74  decanoic acid-rich MCT
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
FAO (1 time)
Fcv (1 time)
MCFA (1 time)
2020 Enhancement of Fat Oxidation during Submaximal Exercise in Sedentary Persons: Variations by Medium-Chain Fatty Acid Composition and Age Group.
75  decerebrated rats treated with a combination of thiopental plus urethane
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
DR (1 time)
IBAR (1 time)
1984 Effect of Anesthesia on rat respiration. A study in decerebrated, decerebrated-anesthetized and intact-brain preparations.
76  decreased adsorption rates
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
TDR (1 time)
WAR (1 time)
2016 Characterization of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Phage C11 and Identification of Host Genes Required for Virion Maturation.
77  deep-fried Atractylodis Rhizoma
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AQP3 (1 time)
AQP8 (1 time)
EEDAR-H (1 time)
2019 Deep-Fried Atractylodis Rhizoma Protects against Spleen Deficiency-Induced Diarrhea through Regulating Intestinal Inflammatory Response and Gut Microbiota.
78  defect-assisted recombination
(1 time)
SOS (1 time)
2021 Filling Exciton Trap-States in Two-Dimensional Tungsten Disulfide (WS2) and Diselenide (WSe2) Monolayers.
79  dehydroascorbate reductase
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CAT (1 time)
Cd (1 time)
GPx (1 time)
2002 Characterisation of antioxidative systems in the ectomycorrhiza-building basidiomycete Paxillus involutus (Bartsch) Fr. and its reaction to cadmium.
80  delayed adaptive reiteration
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
Mirb (1 time)
2009 Defining how aging Pseudotsuga and Abies compensate for multiple stresses through multi-criteria assessment of a functional-structural model.
81  delayed adverse reactions
(1 time)
Blood Component Transfusion
(1 time)
IAR (1 time)
2016 Post-donation telephonic interview of blood donors providing an insight into delayed adverse reactions: First attempt in India.
82  delayed allergic response
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1978 [Redox processes during sensitization and allergic reaction to microbial antigens].
83  Delphi anatomical risk
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CAS (1 time)
CTA (1 time)
ICSS (1 time)
2019 A Clinical Validation Study of Anatomical Risk Scoring for Procedural Stroke in Patients Treated by Carotid Artery Stenting in the International Carotid Stenting Study.
84  delta-to-alpha frequency band power ratios
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
CAP (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
PMC (1 time)
2017 Focal Electroencephalographic Changes Index Post-Traumatic Confusion and Outcome.
85  dentin adhesive resins
(1 time)
Endodontics
(1 time)
CH (1 time)
DPC (1 time)
MTA (1 time)
2017 Pulp Response following Direct Pulp Capping with Dentin Adhesives and Mineral Trioxide Aggregate; An Animal Study.
86  Department of Agrarian Reform
(1 time)
Contraception
(1 time)
CARP (1 time)
LBP (1 time)
1988 Republic Act No. 6657, 10 June 1988.
87  derivative to its total amplitude
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
PEP (1 time)
1981 A new ventricular-performance variable using electrocardiogram and carotid pulse contour derivative.
88  descending aorta replaced
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
HAR (1 time)
TAR (1 time)
2002 Impact of an aggressive surgical approach on surgical outcome in type A aortic dissection.
89  designed artificial reef
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2016 The effects of substratum material and surface orientation on the developing epibenthic community on a designed artificial reef.
90  Developmental and reproductive
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
--- 1993 Application of the tukey trend test procedure to assess developmental and reproductive toxicity. I. Measurement data.
91  developmentally advanced region
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1987 Ontogeny of the area centralis in the cat.
92  device annular sizing ratio
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
THV (1 time)
2016 Relationship of Annular Sizing Using Multidetector Computed Tomographic Imaging and Clinical Outcomes After Self-Expanding CoreValve Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement.
93  device-to-annulus ratio
(1 time)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
PPI (1 time)
2018 Predictors of Need for Permanent Pacemaker Implantation and Conduction Abnormalities With a Novel Self-expanding Transcatheter Heart Valve.
94  diabetes annual review
(1 time)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
GP (1 time)
PN (1 time)
2013 The impact of patient and practice characteristics on retention in the diabetes annual review programme.
95  diagnostic accuracy rate
(1 time)
BSIs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2020 Quantitative analysis of endobronchial ultrasound elastography in computed tomography-negative mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes.
96  dichloro-all-trans-retinone
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ATRA (1 time)
RALDH (1 time)
2018 Design, synthesis, and ex vivo evaluation of a selective inhibitor for retinaldehyde dehydrogenase enzymes.
97  dielectric-backed aperture resonator
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
SS (1 time)
2016 Dielectric-Backed Aperture Resonators for X-Band in vivo EPR Nail Dosimetry.
98  dietary AA restriction
(1 time)
Food
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
DPD (1 time)
EAA (1 time)
2021 Dietary Essential Amino Acid Restriction Promotes Hyperdipsia via Hepatic FGF21.
99  differential accumulation ratio
(1 time)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
PET (1 time)
2002 [Assessment of 18FDG PET for diagnosis of pancreatic tumors].
100  differentially accessible regions
(1 time)
Inflammation
(1 time)
CCI (1 time)
CFA (1 time)
DRG (1 time)
2021 Global gene expression and chromatin accessibility of the peripheral nervous system in animal models of persistent pain.