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Abbreviation: DDD
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
defined daily dose
(1183 times)
Drug Therapy
(210 times)
ATC (92 times)
CI (47 times)
WHO (37 times)
1980 Auditing hospital drug utilisation by means of defined daily doses per bed-day. A methodological study.
degenerative disc disease
(467 times)
Orthopedics
(158 times)
VAS (85 times)
ODI (73 times)
IVD (53 times)
1993 Lumbosacral transitional vertebrae as a predisposing cause of cauda equina syndrome in German shepherd dogs: 161 cases (1987-1990).
daily defined doses
(94 times)
Medicine
(10 times)
AD (3 times)
ATC (3 times)
CI (3 times)
1989 [A quantitative study of the consumption of antihypertensives in Management Area 5 of the ICS (Costa de Ponent). Institut Catala de la Salut].
dense deposit disease
(93 times)
Nephrology
(52 times)
C3GN (30 times)
C3G (18 times)
MPGN (15 times)
1978 Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN type I) and dense deposit disease (DDD) in children.
dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane
(78 times)
Environmental Health
(59 times)
DDT (57 times)
DDE (54 times)
OCPs (15 times)
1967 The synthesis of carbon-14 and radioiodinated compounds in the dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane (DDD) series.
Dowling-Degos disease
(49 times)
Dermatology
(28 times)
HS (9 times)
GGD (8 times)
KRT5 (6 times)
1993 Reticulate acropigmentation of Kitamura: two case reports.
difference-in-difference-in-differences
(37 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
DD (10 times)
DID (7 times)
ACA (3 times)
2008 The price effect of hospital closures.
Digital Differential Display
(26 times)
Genetics
(6 times)
ESTs (6 times)
RT-PCR (5 times)
EST (4 times)
2000 Cancer gene discovery using digital differential display.
Deciphering Developmental Disorders
(21 times)
Genetics, Medical
(14 times)
DNM (2 times)
ID (2 times)
5'UTRs (1 time)
2011 The Deciphering Developmental Disorders (DDD) study.
10  disc degenerative disease
(18 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
NP (4 times)
IVD (3 times)
AS (2 times)
2002 Familial history, age and smoking are important risk factors for disc degeneration disease in Arabic pedigrees.
11  direct detection device
(13 times)
Cell Biology
(6 times)
CCD (4 times)
Cryo-ET (2 times)
CTF (2 times)
2007 Applications of direct detection device in transmission electron microscopy.
12  drug discovery and development
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
AI (1 time)
DDEP (1 time)
ENMs (1 time)
2002 Use of genetically engineered mice in drug discovery and development: wielding Occam's razor to prune the product portfolio.
13  distal-dorsal difference
(7 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
RP (3 times)
SRP (3 times)
MCP (2 times)
2008 Sparing of the thumb in Raynaud's phenomenon.
14  depersonalization/derealization disorder
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
BPD (1 time)
D-PTSD (1 time)
DID (1 time)
2016 Tracking Potentiating States of Dissociation: An Intensive Clinical Case Study of Sleep, Daydreaming, Mood, and Depersonalization/Derealization.
15  Di Dang decoction
(6 times)
Pharmacognosy
(2 times)
AICH (2 times)
HE (2 times)
mNSS (2 times)
2016 Early Intervention of Didang Decoction on MLCK Signaling Pathways in Vascular Endothelial Cells of Type 2 Diabetic Rats.
16  Dickerson-Drew dodecamer
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
5caC (1 time)
5fC (1 time)
5hmC (1 time)
1999 Atomic-resolution crystal structures of B-DNA reveal specific influences of divalent metal ions on conformation and packing.
17  DDT to 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl)ethane
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
DBP (2 times)
DBH (1 time)
gamma-HCH (1 time)
2000 Transformation of 1,1-dichloro-2,2-(4-chlorophenyl)ethane (DDD) by Ralstonia eutropha strain A5.
18  distance-dependent dielectric
(5 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
GB (2 times)
RMSD (2 times)
AA (1 time)
2002 Determination of the effective dielectric constant from the accurate solution of the Poisson equation.
19  drug delivery devices
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
AMD (1 time)
DDR (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
2007 Characterization of a poly-epsilon-caprolactone polymeric drug delivery device built by selective laser sintering.
20  2,2'-dihydroxy-6,6'-dinaphthyldisulfide
(4 times)
Histocytochemistry
(3 times)
EATC (1 time)
MMTS (1 time)
PSHr (1 time)
1982 Quantitative microspectrophotometrical determination of protein thiols and disulfides with 2,2'-dihydroxy-6,6'-dinaphthyldisulfide (DDD). The variety of DDD-staining methods demonstrated on Ehrlich ascites tumor cells.
21  dihydroxy-dinaphthyl-disulfide
(4 times)
Histocytochemistry
(2 times)
SH (1 time)
1966 [On the specificity of the dihydroxy-dinaphthyl-disulfide (DDD) reaction].
22  discrete dislocation dynamics
(4 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
BCs (1 time)
FE (1 time)
RSS (1 time)
2015 Unravelling the physics of size-dependent dislocation-mediated plasticity.
23  double disc-diffusion
(4 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
ESBL (3 times)
ESBLs (1 time)
NCCLS (1 time)
2003 Extended-spectrum beta-lactamases in Ireland, including a novel enzyme, TEM-102.
24  daily drug dose
(3 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
AED (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
2002 [Study on drug use in elderly outpatients in Beijing].
25  Dallas discogram description
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
CAT (1 time)
LBP (1 time)
1987 Dallas discogram description. A new classification of CT/discography in low-back disorders.
26  DDT and its metabolites, including 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl)ethane
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
--- 2001 Surfactant-enhanced solubilization and anaerobic biodegradation of 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)-ethane (DDT) in contaminated soil.
27  desorption-desorption-diffusion
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
ATO (2 times)
APTES (1 time)
DDSs (1 time)
2017 Co-delivery of ibuprofen and gentamicin from nanoporous anodic titanium dioxide layers.
28  dimerization and docking domain
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AD (3 times)
DNL (2 times)
PEG (2 times)
2009 A new method to produce monoPEGylated dimeric cytokines shown with human interferon-alpha2b.
29  distributed discriminative dictionary
(3 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
AAM (1 time)
LDA (1 time)
mRMR (1 time)
2013 MR PROSTATE SEGMENTATION VIA DISTRIBUTED DISCRIMINATIVE DICTIONARY (DDD) LEARNING.
30  dose/1000 inhabitants during a 12-month period
(3 times)
Jurisprudence
(3 times)
DXP (3 times)
1998 The prevalence of dextropropoxyphene in autopsy blood samples.
31  drug-delivering-drug
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
DSF (1 time)
MDR (1 time)
PTX (1 time)
2019 Drug-delivering-drug approach-based codelivery of paclitaxel and disulfiram for treating multidrug-resistant cancer.
32  p,p'-DDT, p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
DDE (3 times)
DDT (2 times)
BHC (1 time)
2005 Feathers as a nondestructive biomonitor for persistent organic pollutants.
33  2,9-dimethyl-4,7-diazadecane-2,9-dithiol
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2007 DNA cleavage promoted by 2,9-dimethyl-4,7-diazadecane-2,9-dithiol (DDD) derivatives.
34  daily dosage defined
(2 times)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
CP (1 time)
EN (1 time)
1994 [Adverse reactions from angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor drugs reported by the yellow card].
35  DDD as compared to VVI
(2 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
AV (1 time)
1992 Left ventricular performance at rest and during exercise in patients with dual-chamber pacemakers.
36  DDD/Sgn
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
QTL (2 times)
2018 Quantitative trait loci that determine plasma insulin levels in F2 intercross populations produced from crosses between DDD/Sgn and C57BL/6J inbred mice.
37  dead de-epidermized dermis
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ECM (1 time)
2003 Invasion of melanoma cells into dermal connective tissue in vitro: evidence for an important role of cysteine proteases.
38  defined daily dose system
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ATC (1 time)
DDC (1 time)
DUI (1 time)
1986 The defined daily dose system (DDD) for drug utilization review.
39  degradation domain
(2 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CDPK1 (1 time)
GFP (1 time)
HA (1 time)
2020 Induction of Effective Immunity against Trypanosoma cruzi.
40  delayed density dependence
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
SNV (1 time)
2004 Red environmental noise and the appearance of delayed density dependence in age-structured populations.
41  Develop-Distort Dilemma
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
GPEI (1 time)
2012 Expecting the unexpected: applying the Develop-Distort Dilemma to maximize positive market impacts in health.
42  digital disease detection
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
SINAN (1 time)
2017 An ethical assessment model for digital disease detection technologies.
43  directly density-dependent
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
IDD (2 times)
2010 Synthesizing mechanisms of density dependence in reef fishes: behavior, habitat configuration, and observational scale.
44  displacement damage dose
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
GaAs (1 time)
GaN (1 time)
HEMT (1 time)
2022 Research on the Synergistic Effect of Total Ionization and Displacement Dose in GaN HEMT Using Neutron and Gamma-Ray Irradiation.
45  Distance Distribution Dynamics
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CMIP6 (1 time)
GCM (1 time)
KGE (1 time)
2021 Simulating the hydrological regime of the snow fed and glaciarised Gilgit Basin in the Upper Indus using global precipitation products and a data parsimonious precipitation-runoff model.
46  dopamine-dependent depression
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
--- 1987 [Polygraphic, clinical and therapeutic markers of dopamine-dependent depressions].
47  Drew-Dickerson dodecamer
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MD (1 time)
2016 Long-timescale dynamics of the Drew-Dickerson dodecamer.
48  drop-dry deposition
(2 times)
--- 2021 Fabrication of Transparent Mg(OH)2 Thin Films by Drop-Dry Deposition.
49  drug-related deaths
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
DBD (1 time)
DCD (1 time)
2020 Short-Term Graft Failure of Organs Procured from Drug-Related Deaths Compared with Other Causes of Death.
50  1,11-dodecadiene
(1 time)
Polymers
(1 time)
DC (1 time)
DCD (1 time)
DD (1 time)
2019 Synthesis of Ultrahigh Molecular Weight Polymers Containing Reactive Functionality with Low PDIs by Polymerizations of Long-Chain alpha-Olefins in the Presence of Their Nonconjugated Dienes by Cp*TiMe2(O-2,6-iPr2C6H3)-Borate Catalyst.
51  1,7-diphenylhepta-1,6-diene-3,5-dione
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
IRI (1 time)
NAC (1 time)
SDH (1 time)
2017 The protection effects of (1E,6E)-1,7-diphenylhepta-1,6-diene-3,5-dione, a curcumin analogue, against operative liver injury in rats.
52  2,2'-DIHYDROXY-6,6'-DINAPHTHYL DISULPHIDE
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 1963 2,2'-DIHYDROXY-6,6'-DINAPHTHYL DISULPHIDE (DDD) DIAZO BLUE B REACTIVE GRANULES IN THE PARATHYROID GLAND OF THE RAT AND TOAD.
53  2,5-dihydroxy-1,4-dithiane
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2021 Insight into the anti-corrosion performance of two food flavors as eco-friendly and ultra-high performance inhibitors for copper in sulfuric acid medium.
54  B-DNA dodecamer, (d(CGCGAATTCGCG))
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2010 The phosphate clamp: a small and independent motif for nucleic acid backbone recognition.
55  cost-per-defined-daily-dose
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
NLEM (1 time)
PCV (1 time)
2020 Impact of pharmaceutical price controls on the cost of cardiovascular drugs: does essentiality matter?
56  d-defined doses
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2004 Antibiotic consumption, bacterial resistance and their correlation in a Swiss university hospital and its adult intensive care units.
57  Dahuang Danpi Decoction
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2019 Effect of Dahuang Danpi Decoction on Lactobacillus bulgaricus growth and metabolism: In vitro study.
58  daily defined medication doses
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
HR (1 time)
IG (1 time)
2016 Effectiveness of Telephone-Based Health Coaching for Patients with Chronic Conditions: A Randomised Controlled Trial.
59  daily displacement distances
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
DRC (1 time)
DTD (1 time)
LI (1 time)
2021 Daily Travel Distances of Unhabituated Grauer's Gorillas (Gorilla beringei graueri) in a Low Elevation Forest.
60  Daily Dose Defined of analgesics
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
EADG (1 time)
2019 The effect of a falls prevention program in elderly people in primary health care. What does Tai Chi practice provide?
61  daily doze determining methodology
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
WHO (1 time)
2000 [Anatomic-therapeutic-chemical classification of drugs].
62  Daily Drinking Diary
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
TADD (1 time)
TLFB (1 time)
2018 A comparison between two retrospective alcohol consumption measures and the daily drinking diary method with university students.
63  Daily Dynamic Discharge
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
EDD (1 time)
2017 21 Daily dynamic discharge - a whole system solution to ED crowding.
64  dairy disease database
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
SBA (1 time)
2009 Validation of a national disease recording system for dairy cattle against veterinary practice records.
65  dairy industry cattle database
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CIs (1 time)
IP (1 time)
IR (1 time)
2009 Comparison between dairy cow disease incidence in data registered by farmers and in data from a disease-recording system based on veterinary reporting.
66  Dali Domain Dictionary
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
HMMs (1 time)
2001 Protein structural domain parsing by consensus reasoning over multiple knowledge sources and methods.
67  Danish Depression Database
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
--- 2016 The Danish Depression Database.
68  data-display device
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
DCD (1 time)
1992 Real-time display of flow-pressure-volume loops.
69  data-domain decomposition
(1 time)
BH (1 time)
DECT (1 time)
DTV (1 time)
2022 Accurate Image Reconstruction in Dual-Energy CT with Limited-Angular-Range Data Using a Two-Step Method.
70  data-driven detection
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2015 Data-Driven Detection of Prominent Objects.
71  DDD/AMC
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AVB (1 time)
SSS (1 time)
1996 Use of automatic mode change between DDD and AAI to facilitate native atrioventricular conduction in patients with sick sinus syndrome or transient atrioventricular block.
72  DDD;Qdj
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
7,8-BF (1 time)
Ah (1 time)
AHH (1 time)
1993 In vivo effect of 7,8-benzoflavone on aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity of mouse liver microsomes.
73  DDDvet
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DDDs (1 time)
EMA (1 time)
2021 Establishing defined daily doses (DDDs) for antimicrobial agents used in pigs, cattle and poultry in Japan and comparing them with European DDD values.
74  DDK-docking domain
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
DDK (1 time)
MCM (1 time)
pre-IC (1 time)
2006 Cdc7-Dbf4 phosphorylates MCM proteins via a docking site-mediated mechanism to promote S phase progression.
75  DDT degraded to dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DDE (1 time)
DDT (1 time)
2019 Full-Life Cycle Toxicity Assessment of Sediment-Bound DDT and Its Degradation Products on Chironomus dilutus.
76  DDT was converted to 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl) ethane
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
PDB (1 time)
2020 Synergistic interaction of a consortium of the brown-rot fungus Fomitopsis pinicola and the bacterium Ralstonia pickettii for DDT biodegradation.
77  deadenylation-dependent mRNA decay
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
NMD (1 time)
P-bodies (1 time)
VLPs (1 time)
2010 5' to 3' mRNA decay factors colocalize with Ty1 gag and human APOBEC3G and promote Ty1 retrotransposition.
78  Death Defying Domain
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
HGF (1 time)
2013 Novel Death Defying Domain in Met entraps the active site of caspase-3 and blocks apoptosis in hepatocytes.
79  death-domain-deleted
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
KDD (1 time)
PP2A (1 time)
2012 Sphingosine analogue drug FTY720 targets I2PP2A/SET and mediates lung tumour suppression via activation of PP2A-RIPK1-dependent necroptosis.
80  deceased-directed donation
(1 time)
Ethics
(1 time)
--- 2018 Deceased-directed donation: Considering the ethical permissibility in a multicultural setting.
81  dechlorinated to form 1,1-bis(4-chlorophenyl)-2,2-dichloroethane
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
TTDB (1 time)
2004 Hydrophobic vitamin B12. Part 19: electroorganic reaction of DDT mediated by hydrophobic vitamin B12.
82  decided to implant the dual chamber pacemaker
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 1998 Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy (Kearns-Sayre syndrome) with complete atrioventricular block: a case report.
83  Deciphering Developmental Delay
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
--- 2021 Report of two children with global developmental delay in association with de novo TLK2 variant and literature review.
84  deconvolution and a deep autoencoder
(1 time)
Chemical Phenomena
(1 time)
--- 2022 Deep Convolutional Neural Network with Deconvolution and a Deep Autoencoder for Fault Detection and Diagnosis.
85  defined by the WHO/ATC index
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2006 Trends in antibiotic use at a university hospital: defined or prescribed daily doses? Patient days or admissions as denominator?
86  defined daily dose equivalent
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
CIs (1 time)
MAOI (1 time)
SNRIs (1 time)
2022 Predicting serotonin toxicity in serotonin reuptake inhibitor overdose.
87  defined daily dose in grams
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
SA (1 time)
2022 Restriction on antimicrobial dispensing without prescription on a national level: Impact on the overall antimicrobial utilization in the community pharmacies in Saudi Arabia.
88  defined daily dose methodology
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AMS (1 time)
HIS (1 time)
2022 A retrospective review of a 2-year strong antimicrobial stewardship program in a tertiary care institute in Mumbai.
89  defined daily doses per one year
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
BZDs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2022 Hypnotics Use Is Associated with Elevated Incident Atrial Fibrillation: A Propensity-Score Matched Analysis of Cohort Study.
90  Degenerative disc degeneration
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
IVD (1 time)
NP (1 time)
2018 Biomechanics in Annulus Fibrosus Degeneration and Regeneration.
91  degenerative disc discopathy
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Clinical and radiological outcomes after stand-alone ALIF for single L5-S1 degenerative discopathy using a PEEK cage filled with hydroxyapatite nanoparticles without bone graft.
92  degree atrioventricular block treated with dual chamber pacemakers
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 1988 A comparison of sympathoadrenal activity and cardiac performance at rest and during exercise in patients with ventricular demand or atrial synchronous pacing.
93  delay-difference device
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
CW (1 time)
SAW (1 time)
1989 Continuous-wave surface-acoustic-wave delay-difference device.
94  delayed division delay
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
GI (1 time)
LS (1 time)
2005 Lethal sectoring, genomic instability, and delayed division delay in HeLa S3 cells surviving alpha- or X-irradiation.
95  delayed double dose
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 1989 [Neuro-AIDS: a multicenter neuroradiological study].
96  delirium-dementia-depression
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CRNs (1 time)
2008 Insights about the process and impact of implementing nursing guidelines on delivery of care in hospitals and community settings.
97  delta dipole density
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Aberrant cortical functionality and somatosensory deficits after stroke.
98  density-dependent dispersal
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2020 Dispersal evolution diminishes the negative density dependence in dispersal.
99  dental developmental disturbances
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
CNS-PNET (1 time)
MB (1 time)
MMO (1 time)
2022 Oral and dental late effects in long-term survivors of childhood embryonal brain tumors.
100  dento-dental disharmony
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2021 [Stripping: contribution to the control of iatrogenic periodontal effects].