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Abbreviation: DE
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Long forms: 829

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
differentially expressed
(2069 times)
Genetics
(211 times)
lncRNAs (212 times)
GO (211 times)
miRNAs (183 times)
1994 Analysis of an iterative difference equation model of the cardiac cell membrane.
digestible energy
(290 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(128 times)
ME (110 times)
DM (70 times)
CP (51 times)
1975 Maintenance requirements for energy in cross-bred cattle.
diesel exhaust
(272 times)
Toxicology
(110 times)
FA (32 times)
PM (31 times)
DEP (26 times)
1981 Ultrastructure and morphometry of the alveolar lung of guinea pigs chronically exposed to diesel engine exhaust: six month's experience.
dry eye
(247 times)
Ophthalmology
(144 times)
OSDI (39 times)
TBUT (31 times)
MGD (19 times)
2004 An in vivo confocal masked study on corneal epithelium and subbasal nerves in patients with dry eye.
dual-energy
(214 times)
Radiology
(106 times)
CT (53 times)
SE (45 times)
CNR (33 times)
1987 Single and dual energy tomographic analysis of spinal trabecular bone: a comparative study in normal and osteoporotic women.
definitive endoderm
(161 times)
Cell Biology
(57 times)
hESCs (36 times)
HLCs (15 times)
hpSCs (15 times)
2007 Activin a efficiently specifies definitive endoderm from human embryonic stem cells only when phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling is suppressed.
dissolution efficiency
(138 times)
Pharmacology
(28 times)
MDT (13 times)
DSC (10 times)
DI (7 times)
1986 Quantitation in positron emission computed tomography: 7. A technique to reduce noise in accidental coincidence measurements and coincidence efficiency calibration.
delayed enhancement
(132 times)
Cardiology
(62 times)
CMR (43 times)
MI (29 times)
LV (25 times)
2003 Quantitative clinical assessment of chronic anterior myocardial infarction with delayed enhancement magnetic resonance imaging and QRS scoring.
disordered eating
(130 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(31 times)
ED (13 times)
BMI (12 times)
EDE-Q (11 times)
2003 Disordered eating and substance use in an epidemiological sample: II. Associations within families.
10  diatomaceous earth
(117 times)
Zoology
(30 times)
RH (6 times)
PLE (4 times)
AMD (3 times)
1993 Diffusion and reaction within porous packing media: a phenomenological model.
11  degree of esterification
(112 times)
Biochemistry
(25 times)
MW (17 times)
GalA (10 times)
RSM (9 times)
1982 Effect of pectin structure on protein utilization by growing rats.
12  deep endometriosis
(80 times)
Gynecology
(36 times)
TVS (19 times)
OE (7 times)
QoL (7 times)
2013 Deep endometriosis and bladder and detrusor functions in women without urinary symptoms: a pilot study through an unexplored world.
13  dabigatran etexilate
(72 times)
Vascular Diseases
(17 times)
NVAF (10 times)
VTE (9 times)
AF (7 times)
2011 Pharmacoeconomics of dabigatran etexilate for prevention of thromboembolism after joint replacement surgery.
14  Doppler echocardiography
(70 times)
Cardiology
(29 times)
LV (11 times)
RHC (11 times)
PH (10 times)
1985 Doppler versus contrast echocardiography for diagnosis of tricuspid regurgitation.
15  diabetic encephalopathy
(69 times)
Neurology
(20 times)
STZ (11 times)
DM (7 times)
AD (6 times)
1980 EEG in dialysis encephalopathy.
16  dextrose equivalent
(54 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
MD (6 times)
EPMEs (3 times)
Tg (3 times)
1967 Fermentability of corn syrups with different dextrose equivalents added to various grape juices.
17  dobutamine echocardiography
(54 times)
Cardiology
(45 times)
AMI (10 times)
CAD (9 times)
LV (9 times)
1993 Low-dose dobutamine echocardiography detects reversible dysfunction after thrombolytic therapy of acute myocardial infarction.
18  distance education
(43 times)
Education
(12 times)
CHD (2 times)
CM (2 times)
DL (2 times)
1998 Evaluation of a national and international distance education program in clinical epidemiology (691).
19  diaphragmatic excursion
(41 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(11 times)
DTF (23 times)
SBT (9 times)
RSBI (7 times)
2000 [Diaphragmatic excursion after inter-sternocleidomastoid block depending on the site of the injection].
20  dyscirculatory encephalopathy
(40 times)
Neurology
(25 times)
MS (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
1986 [Status of cerebral and central hemodynamics in patients with dyscirculatory encephalopathy].
21  delayed ejaculation
(35 times)
Urology
(11 times)
PE (15 times)
AE (6 times)
ED (5 times)
2005 Multicenter study on the prevalence of sexual symptoms in male hypo- and hyperthyroid patients.
22  dose escalation
(31 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
AEs (4 times)
OS (3 times)
SU (3 times)
2010 Strategies for nevirapine initiation in HIV-infected children taking pediatric fixed-dose combination "baby pills" in Zambia: a randomized controlled trial.
23  dielectric elastomer
(30 times)
Polymers
(5 times)
TPU (2 times)
CCTO (1 time)
DEAs (1 time)
2007 Dielectric elastomers as actuators for upper limb prosthetics: challenges and opportunities.
24  diet and exercise
(30 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(10 times)
CE (6 times)
DS (6 times)
CS (3 times)
1986 The effects of aerobic conditioning and/or caloric restriction in overweight men and women.
25  dermal equivalent
(29 times)
Dermatology
(6 times)
SE (7 times)
bSE (2 times)
ECM (2 times)
1986 Transfer of melanosomes in a skin equivalent model in vitro.
26  double emulsion
(29 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
NP (4 times)
SE (3 times)
BSA (2 times)
1993 Radiographic, epidemiologic, and clinical aspects of simultaneous pleural and peritoneal effusions in dogs and cats: 48 cases (1982-1991).
27  delta efficiency
(26 times)
Sports Medicine
(12 times)
GE (11 times)
NE (3 times)
CON (2 times)
1992 Cycling efficiency is related to the percentage of type I muscle fibers.
28  dental erosion
(26 times)
Dentistry
(16 times)
GERD (10 times)
BEWE (2 times)
GORD (2 times)
2007 [Dental erosion and gastro-esophageal reflux disease].
29  distal embolization
(26 times)
Cardiology
(15 times)
PCI (8 times)
CI (3 times)
PPCI (3 times)
1999 Risk of distal embolization and infarction with transluminal extraction atherectomy in saphenous vein grafts and native coronary arteries. NACI Investigators. New Approaches to Coronary Interventions.
30  delayed extraction
(21 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(8 times)
PIR (4 times)
MALDI (3 times)
AHP (2 times)
1991 Electrophysiological properties of neurons within the nucleus ambiguus of adult guinea pigs.
31  Dens evaginatus
(21 times)
Dentistry
(16 times)
DI (5 times)
MTA (2 times)
CBCT (1 time)
1995 Dens evaginatus in a Chilean population.
32  double expression
(20 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
DLBCL (13 times)
OS (6 times)
DH (5 times)
2013 Increased prevalence of circulating novel IL-17 secreting Foxp3 expressing CD4+ T cells and defective suppressive function of circulating Foxp3+ regulatory cells support plasticity between Th17 and regulatory T cells in inflammatory bowel disease patients.
33  diffusion equation
(18 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
FEM (4 times)
DOT (3 times)
MC (3 times)
2000 Accuracy of the diffusion equation to describe photon migration through an infinite medium: numerical and experimental investigation.
34  delayed-early
(17 times)
Virology
(14 times)
IE (12 times)
CAT (2 times)
CHX (2 times)
1975 Synthesis of functional bacteriophage T4-delayed early mRNA in the absence of protein synthesis.
35  direct examination
(17 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
BAL (2 times)
CL (2 times)
GM (2 times)
1994 Diagnostic value of direct examination of the protected specimen brush in ventilator-associated pneumonia.
36  directed evolution
(17 times)
Biotechnology
(4 times)
MLF (2 times)
AADS (1 time)
DE-GE (1 time)
2008 In silico modelling of directed evolution: Implications for experimental design and stepwise evolution.
37  differential entropy
(16 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
EEG (12 times)
PSD (4 times)
SVM (4 times)
2018 [Research of electroencephalography representational emotion recognition based on deep belief networks].
38  digestible
(16 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
ME (16 times)
NE (5 times)
SID (5 times)
1993 The energy value for and nutritive value of para-rubber seed for rats.
39  diphenyl ether
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
PBDEs (5 times)
DF (3 times)
CMC (2 times)
2002 Bacterial degradation of aromatic compounds via angular dioxygenation.
40  diol epoxide
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
NER (4 times)
PAHs (4 times)
a,l (3 times)
1983 Modulation of microsomal benzo[a]pyrene metabolism by DNA.
41  distal enhancer
(14 times)
Cell Biology
(6 times)
PE (8 times)
d.p.c (1 time)
EpiSCs (1 time)
2001 Comparative analysis of human, bovine, and murine Oct-4 upstream promoter sequences.
42  depressive episode
(13 times)
Psychiatry
(9 times)
AD (2 times)
MDD (2 times)
PBS (2 times)
1990 Multiplicity of depressive episodes: phenomenological and neuroendocrine correlates.
43  diabetes education
(13 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
PC (4 times)
DSMES (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
2011 [Improvement of control in subjects with type 2 diabetes after a joint intervention: diabetes education and physical activity].
44  differential evolution algorithm
(13 times)
Medical Informatics
(5 times)
PSO (6 times)
GA (4 times)
ACO (3 times)
2013 Color image quantization algorithm based on self-adaptive differential evolution.
45  dose equivalent
(13 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(4 times)
ED (2 times)
VAS (2 times)
ADE (1 time)
1982 Evaluation of 133Xe radiation exposure dosimetry for workers in nuclear medicine laboratories.
46  diethyl ether
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
CH (2 times)
EA (2 times)
nH (2 times)
1981 [Increase in the cAMP content of mouse brain cells in ischemia and inhibition of this effect by certain biologically active compounds].
47  double exchange
(12 times)
Nanotechnology
(4 times)
FM (3 times)
CMR (2 times)
MI (2 times)
2000 Magnetoresistance of ferromagnetic tunnel junctions in the double-exchange model
48  dark exposure
(11 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(4 times)
MD (3 times)
LGN (2 times)
MMP-9 (2 times)
2011 Developmental switch in the polarity of experience-dependent synaptic changes in layer 6 of mouse visual cortex.
49  delayed contrast enhancement
(11 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
MDCT (3 times)
MI (3 times)
MRI (3 times)
2005 Quantitative polar representation of left ventricular myocardial perfusion, function and viability using SPECT and cardiac magnetic resonance: initial results.
50  delayed encephalopathy
(11 times)
Emergency Medicine
(4 times)
CO (7 times)
CSF (3 times)
AFE (1 time)
2007 [Can magnetic resonance imaging of the brain in the acute phase of carbon monoxide intoxication forecast delayed encephalopathy?].
51  depression
(11 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
AD (3 times)
CTR (2 times)
HC (2 times)
2000 Increased CSF levels of nerve growth factor in patients with Alzheimer's disease.
52  developmental evaluation
(11 times)
Health Services Research
(3 times)
CBPR (1 time)
FCS (1 time)
FEP (1 time)
2012 Testing inferences in developmental evolution: the forensic evidence principle.
53  diagnostic efficiency
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ALPBI (1 time)
anti-dsDNA (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
1988 Biochemical prediction of response of bone metastases to treatment.
54  diatomite
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
ARGs (1 time)
BE (1 time)
DS (1 time)
2016 Nanoscale zero-valent iron incorporated with nanomagnetic diatomite for catalytic degradation of methylene blue in heterogeneous Fenton system.
55  diesel engine exhaust
(11 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
PM (2 times)
AA (1 time)
ACh (1 time)
1994 Toxicological and epidemiological evidence for health risks from inhaled engine emissions.
56  dry extract
(11 times)
Biology
(4 times)
FRAP (2 times)
GAE (2 times)
TPC (2 times)
2007 Evaluation of the topical anti-inflammatory activity of ginger dry extracts from solutions and plasters.
57  delayed-enhanced
(10 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
LAD (2 times)
LV (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
2008 Intracoronary injection of contrast media maps the territory of the coronary artery: an MRI technique for assessing the effects of locally delivered angiogenic therapies.
58  diaphragmatic eventration
(10 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
BH (1 time)
CDH (1 time)
CTP (1 time)
1987 Congenital diaphragmatic hernia and eventration.
59  dienestrol
(10 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(6 times)
DES (10 times)
HEX (10 times)
BPA (3 times)
1984 [Diethylstilbestrol in urine of slaughtered cattle].
60  dominant eye
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
NDE (5 times)
add (1 time)
ARMF (1 time)
2008 Effects of ocular dominance on the vertical vergence induced by a 2-diopter vertical prism during standing.
61  delayed
(9 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
IM (5 times)
PE (2 times)
AE (1 time)
1982 Incidence, growth and oestradiol-receptor levels of 7, 12-dimethylbenz (alpha) anthracene-induced mammary tumours in rats: effects of neonatal sex steroids and oestradiol implants.
62  dental emergency
(9 times)
Military Medicine
(6 times)
BCT (1 time)
CDA (1 time)
CONUS (1 time)
2008 A statistical method to evaluate dental classification systems used by military dental services.
63  diabetic enteropathy
(9 times)
Stem Cells
(3 times)
DM (4 times)
IECs (2 times)
T1D (2 times)
1999 Diabetic embryopathy.
64  diestrus
(9 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
PE (8 times)
ME (4 times)
DAH (1 time)
1983 Morphine suppresses the proestrous surge of GnrH in pituitary portal plasma of rats.
65  dural ectasia
(9 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
MFS (4 times)
MRI (2 times)
NF1 (2 times)
1999 Widening of the spinal canal and dural ectasia in Marfan's syndrome: assessment by CT.
66  daidzein
(8 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
EQ (5 times)
GE (3 times)
CA (1 time)
1998 Analysis of phytoestrogens and polyphenols in plasma, tissue, and urine using HPLC with coulometric array detection.
67  dexamethasone
(8 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
BE (1 time)
CL (1 time)
CO (1 time)
1994 Evidence of specificity in the action of angiogenesis antagonists.
68  diet and exercise group
(8 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
DR (2 times)
BUN (1 time)
Col I (1 time)
1987 Does exercise give an additional effect in weight reduction regimens?
69  diethylphosphate
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
OP (7 times)
DAP (6 times)
DM (6 times)
2015 Organophosphate Insecticide Metabolites in Prenatal and Childhood Urine Samples and Intelligence Scores at 6 Years of Age: Results from the Mother-Child PELAGIE Cohort (France).
70  diminished expression
(8 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
AA (4 times)
PANSS (3 times)
FEP (2 times)
2013 Deconstructing negative symptoms of schizophrenia: avolition-apathy and diminished expression clusters predict clinical presentation and functional outcome.
71  diuretic efficiency
(8 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
ADHF (3 times)
HR (3 times)
eGFR (2 times)
2014 Loop diuretic efficiency: a metric of diuretic responsiveness with prognostic importance in acute decompensated heart failure.
72  droplet epitaxy
(8 times)
Nanotechnology
(5 times)
QDs (5 times)
SK (2 times)
FE (1 time)
2013 Control over the number density and diameter of GaAs nanowires on Si(111) mediated by droplet epitaxy.
73  degree
(7 times)
Botany
(2 times)
CL (2 times)
1-MCP (1 time)
AIR (1 time)
1996 Expression of Escherichia coli branching enzyme in tubers of amylose-free transgenic potato leads to an increased branching degree of the amylopectin.
74  Delaware
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
MD (2 times)
NJ (2 times)
PA (2 times)
2001 Update: Investigation of bioterrorism-related anthrax, 2001.
75  demineralized enamel
(7 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
SE (2 times)
APF (1 time)
ATR-FTIR (1 time)
2014 Effect of incorporation of remineralizing agents into bleaching gels on the microhardness of bovine enamel in situ.
76  dielectric
(7 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
FE (3 times)
ALD (1 time)
CER (1 time)
2011 Introducing process analytical technology (PAT) in filamentous cultivation process development: comparison of advanced online sensors for biomass measurement.
77  directed energy
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
AO (1 time)
EM (1 time)
FSO (1 time)
2010 Handheld directed energy sensor for environmental monitoring and clinician safety.
78  double exponential
(7 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
LJ (2 times)
BT (1 time)
CB (1 time)
2004 Adsorption of gases and vapors on nanoporous Ni2(4,4'-Bipyridine)3(NO3)4 metal-organic framework materials templated with methanol and ethanol: structural effects in adsorption kinetics.
79  dry emulsion
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
CsA (2 times)
AC (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2006 Improvement of bioavailability and photostability of amlodipine using redispersible dry emulsion.
80  dust extract
(7 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
AREG (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
IFN (1 time)
2009 Intranasal organic dust exposure-induced airway adaptation response marked by persistent lung inflammation and pathology in mice.
81  dynamic exercise
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
HR (5 times)
DBP (2 times)
IE (2 times)
1988 The use of isometric exercise as a means of evaluating the parasympathetic contribution to the tachycardia induced by dynamic exercise in normal man.
82  dermal-epidermal
(6 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
ImR-LPP (1 time)
LE (1 time)
LP (1 time)
1977 Unusual variant of lupus erythematosus or lichen planus. Clinical, histopathologic, and immunofluorescent studies.
83  design effect
(6 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
ICC (3 times)
RDS (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
2012 Estimating design effect and calculating sample size for respondent-driven sampling studies of injection drug users in the United States.
84  desquamated endotheliocytes
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
RA (5 times)
CRP (4 times)
IL-8 (4 times)
2008 [Influence of antidepressant therapy on psychovegetative disorders in patients with chronic calculous cholecystitis in perioperative period].
85  diethyl
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
DM (5 times)
OP (5 times)
DAP (3 times)
2010 Pesticide exposure among pregnant women in Jerusalem, Israel: results of a pilot study.
86  digestive efficiency
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
FE (3 times)
ADG (1 time)
AMEn (1 time)
1990 [Nutritional utilization of a low protein diet in alloxan diabetic rats].
87  directional error
(6 times)
Brain
(2 times)
AE (3 times)
VE (2 times)
10MWT (1 time)
2000 Minimizing error in measurement of error: a proposed method for calculation of error in a two-dimensional motor task.
88  disordered eating behavior
(6 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
ED (2 times)
EDs (2 times)
LEAF-Q (2 times)
2004 Unhealthy weight management behavior among adolescent girls with type 1 diabetes mellitus: the role of familial eating patterns and weight-related concerns.
89  distal element
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
gsc (3 times)
TGF-beta (2 times)
BEN (1 time)
1995 Molecular mechanisms of Spemann's organizer formation: conserved growth factor synergy between Xenopus and mouse.
90  dome epithelium
(6 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
GALT (2 times)
ALN (1 time)
HRP (1 time)
1982 Changes in gut-associated lymphoid tissues of the small intestine of eight-week-old pigs infected with transmissible gastroenteritis virus.
91  drought escape
(6 times)
Botany
(3 times)
ABA (3 times)
FT (3 times)
GI (2 times)
2010 Simultaneously improving yield under drought stress and non-stress conditions: a case study of rice (Oryza sativa L.).
92  during-exercise
(6 times)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(3 times)
AE (6 times)
BE (6 times)
CF (3 times)
2006 Allium vegetable diet can reduce the exercise-induced oxidative stress but does not alter plasma cholesterol profile in rats.
93  deep infiltrative endometriosis
(5 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
AppE (1 time)
ART (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2017 Risk of appendiceal endometriosis among women with deep-infiltrating endometriosis.
94  Definite
(5 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
DY (5 times)
CH (3 times)
DU (3 times)
2004 Color stability of resin matrix restorative materials as a function of the method of light activation.
95  dehydrocostuslactone
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
CO (4 times)
AGMI (1 time)
CE (1 time)
2014 Gastrointestinal effect of methanol extract of Radix Aucklandiae and selected active substances on the transit activity of rat isolated intestinal strips.
96  delocalization error
(5 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
AOs (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
HOMO (1 time)
2013 Longest-Wavelength Electronic Excitations of Linear Cyanines: The Role of Electron Delocalization and of Approximations in Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory.
97  deltoid
(5 times)
Brain
(2 times)
LD (2 times)
ASR (1 time)
BB (1 time)
1998 Postural adjustments accompanying fast pointing movements in standing, sitting and lying adults.
98  diazoxide
(5 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
5-HD (2 times)
MDA (2 times)
RPP (2 times)
2006 Cardiac protection by mitoKATP channels is dependent on Akt translocation from cytosol to mitochondria during late preconditioning.
99  diglycidyl ether
(5 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
GA (3 times)
aa (1 time)
BJVWs (1 time)
1993 Development and evaluation of a pliable biological valved conduit. Part I: Preparation, biochemical properties, and histological findings.
100  direct effect
(5 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
CI (2 times)
AL (1 time)
ALcomp (1 time)
2002 Contribution of maternal effect QTL to genetic architecture of early growth in mice.