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Abbreviation: DFR
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
dihydroflavonol 4-reductase
(237 times)
Botany
(94 times)
CHS (54 times)
ANS (47 times)
F3H (41 times)
1989 Flavonoid synthesis in Petunia hybrida: partial characterization of dihydroflavonol-4-reductase genes.
distal femoral replacement
(36 times)
Orthopedics
(26 times)
ORIF (8 times)
TKA (5 times)
KSS (4 times)
1995 Total knee replacement including a modular distal femoral component in elderly patients with acute fracture or nonunion.
delayed footpad reaction
(29 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(19 times)
DTH (6 times)
TC (6 times)
C3H (5 times)
1982 Immune reactivity of spleen cells in advanced stages of tumor growth.
dislodgeable foliar residue
(10 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
ARTF (2 times)
AM (1 time)
AOEL (1 time)
1992 Risk assessment of dermal exposure of greenhouse workers to pesticides after re-entry.
daily food rations
(9 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
VAT (2 times)
BIA (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2012 [Assessment of energy and macronutrients supply in daily food rations of people exposed to hand transmitted vibrations].
delayed free recall
(9 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
IFR (3 times)
BLSA (2 times)
DTR (2 times)
2009 Development and validation of the Memory Performance Index: reducing measurement error in recall tests.
dialysate flow rate
(7 times)
Nephrology
(4 times)
BFR (3 times)
APD (2 times)
HD (2 times)
2003 Influence of peritoneal dialysate flow rate on the pharmacokinetics of cefazolin.
drip flow reactor
(6 times)
Biomimetics
(1 time)
MRSA (2 times)
BED (1 time)
CHX (1 time)
2009 A method for growing a biofilm under low shear at the air-liquid interface using the drip flow biofilm reactor.
D-dimer/fibrinogen ratio
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
HF (2 times)
RR (2 times)
ACM (1 time)
2018 Prognostic value of fibrinogen and D-dimer-fibrinogen ratio in resectable gastrointestinal stromal tumors.
10  different region
(5 times)
Epidemiology
(3 times)
CRISPRs (2 times)
HGT (1 time)
MLVA (1 time)
2008 Different region analysis for genotyping Yersinia pestis isolates from China.
11  drug-free remission
(4 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
RA (4 times)
MTX (2 times)
ACPA (1 time)
2017 Clinical and radiological outcomes of 5-year drug-free remission-steered treatment in patients with early arthritis: IMPROVED study.
12  dry film resist
(4 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
cAbs (1 time)
DEP-FFF (1 time)
ID (1 time)
2011 Imprinted laminate wafer-level packaging for SAW ID-tags and SAW delay line sensors.
13  deferasirox
(3 times)
Brain
(2 times)
ICH (2 times)
BBB (1 time)
DFO (1 time)
2011 Prophylactic neuroprotection against stroke: low-dose, prolonged treatment with deferoxamine or deferasirox establishes prolonged neuroprotection independent of HIF-1 function.
14  Dirac-Fock-Roothaan
(3 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
NDF (2 times)
TE (2 times)
GTF (1 time)
2003 Gaussian-type function set without prolapse for the Dirac-Fock-Roothaan equation.
15  discriminative feature representation
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
LDCT (2 times)
BM3D (1 time)
CNR (1 time)
2017 Discriminative feature representation: an effective postprocessing solution to low dose CT imaging.
16  disease free of recurrence
(3 times)
Hypersensitivity
(1 time)
BEC (1 time)
CRSwNP (1 time)
nPSA (1 time)
2001 [Effect of PSA nadir and the time to nadir in the disease-free period in localized prostatic carcinoma treated with radical radiation].
17  disease-free rate
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ANN (1 time)
AST (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1991 Should all patients with node-negative breast cancer receive adjuvant therapy? Identifying additional subsets of low-risk patients who are highly curable by surgery alone.
18  double flash resolution
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
CFF (3 times)
PD (1 time)
1986 Clinical application of time-dependent perimetry: 1. Results in normal subjects.
19  dry film photoresist
(3 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
ELAs (1 time)
LOD (1 time)
MEMS (1 time)
2016 Multianalyte Antibiotic Detection on an Electrochemical Microfluidic Platform.
20  daily fluoride retention
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
DUFE (2 times)
FFR (2 times)
TDFI (2 times)
2010 Relationships between fluoride intake, urinary fluoride excretion and fluoride retention in children and adults: an analysis of available data.
21  daily food ration
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
GL (1 time)
2009 [Assessment of dietary intake of lower secondary school students from Olesnica].
22  deep feature regression
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
CRN (1 time)
2019 Deep feature regression (DFR) for 3D vessel segmentation.
23  delayed fluid resuscitation
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
EFR (2 times)
OFR (2 times)
DAO (1 time)
1994 [Delayed fluid resuscitation induced bacterial translocation after lethal thermal injury: role of oxygen free radical injury of intestinal mucosa].
24  Delayed functional recovery
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
AIS (1 time)
BADLs (1 time)
ICH (1 time)
2018 Long-term and delayed functional recovery in patients with severe cerebrovascular and traumatic brain injury requiring tracheostomy.
25  diastolic filling rate
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
BV (2 times)
ET (2 times)
LVER (2 times)
1999 Exercise cardiac function in endurance-trained males versus females.
26  diastolic flow reversal
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CMR (1 time)
2021 Effect of Diastolic Flow Reversal Patterns on Clinical Outcomes Following Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation - An Intraprocedural Echocardiography Study.
27  diastolic functional recovery
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
HF (2 times)
DM (1 time)
HHF (1 time)
2011 Impact of left ventricular longitudinal diastolic functional reserve on clinical outcome in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
28  Diastolic Hyperaemia-Free Ratio
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
NHPR (2 times)
AS (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2020 Comparison of quantitative flow ratio, Pd/Pa and diastolic hyperemia-free ratio versus fractional flow reserve in non-culprit lesion of patients with non ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.
29  different region analysis
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CRISPR (1 time)
MLVA (1 time)
Y. pestis (1 time)
2016 [GENOTYPING OF THE BURKHOLDERIA MALLEI STRAINS BASED ON DIFFERENT REGION ANALYSIS].
30  direct force reflection
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
MIS (1 time)
PEB (1 time)
2013 Providing haptic feedback in robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery: a direct optical force-sensing solution for haptic rendering of deformable bodies.
31  disability-free recovery
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
TBI (2 times)
CR (1 time)
2014 Comment: importance of cognitive reserve in traumatic brain injury.
32  distal femoral reconstruction
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
TKA (2 times)
CI (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
2019 Distal femoral reconstruction following failed total knee arthroplasty is accompanied with risk for complication and reduced joint function.
33  distance from river
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BRT (1 time)
CDCFs (1 time)
CDSSMs (1 time)
2020 The Influence of Different Forest Characteristics on Non-point Source Pollution: A Case Study at Chaohu Basin, China.
34  distribution function ratio
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2021 A new metric for relating macroscopic chromatograms to microscopic surface dynamics: the distribution function ratio (DFR).
35  DMARD-free remission
(2 times)
Rheumatic Diseases
(1 time)
RA (2 times)
csDMARDs (1 time)
DAS (1 time)
2020 DMARD-free remission as novel treatment target in rheumatoid arthritis: A systematic literature review of achievability and sustainability.
36  dominant follicle removal
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
IVP (1 time)
MOET (1 time)
OPU (1 time)
2002 Factors affecting oocyte quality and quantity in commercial application of embryo technologies in the cattle breeding industry.
37  Doppler flow ratio
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
EPCs (1 time)
PACs (1 time)
PS (1 time)
2013 Fish oil-enriched diet protects against ischemia by improving angiogenesis, endothelial progenitor cell function and postnatal neovascularization.
38  dried food residues
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
DFRm (1 time)
SCFA (1 time)
2021 Impact of the dietary inclusion of dried food residues on the apparent nutrient digestibility and the intestinal microbiota of dogs.
39  dual-field rotational
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CTCL (1 time)
KS (1 time)
TSEBT (1 time)
1987 Dual-field rotational (DFR) technique for total-skin electron-beam therapy (TSEBT).
40  duration of first remission
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ST (1 time)
TK (1 time)
2012 Thymidine kinase assay in canine lymphoma.
41  3'-desamino-3'dimethylformamidinorubomycin chlorhydrate
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
--- 1988 [Synthesis and antitumor properties of 3'-desamino-3'-dimethylformamidinorubomycin].
42  colony-drip flow reactor
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
MRSA (1 time)
2010 Testing wound dressings using an in vitro wound model.
43  DDPH free radical
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
HAE (1 time)
2015 Biofunctional properties of Eruca sativa Miller (rocket salad) hydroalcoholic extract.
44  decayed, filled roots
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
CPI (1 time)
DMFT (1 time)
PAL (1 time)
2014 [Do elderly individuals with a cognitive handicap have worse oral health?].
45  decent functional recovery
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
AIS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
IVT (1 time)
2021 Elevated Levels of Inflammation Markers Predict Poor Outcomes in Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients After Intravenous Thrombolysis.
46  Decision Forest Regression
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AQI (1 time)
LR (1 time)
NNR (1 time)
2019 An Azure ACES Early Warning System for Air Quality Index Deteriorating.
47  decrease in the firing rate
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1979 [Decrease in the frequency of muscle spindle discharges during muscle stretching].
48  decreased peak filling rate pattern
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AMI (1 time)
IR (1 time)
LV (1 time)
2005 Tei index as a method of evaluating left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in acute myocardial infarction.
49  decreasing failure rate
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 1985 Theorems on log-convex disposition curves in drug and tracer kinetics.
50  decryption failure rate
(1 time)
Entropy
(1 time)
PKE (1 time)
RLWE (1 time)
2021 How to Construct Polar Codes for Ring-LWE-Based Public Key Encryption.
51  deferiprone
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
DFO (1 time)
2016 Therapeutic deferoxamine and deferiprone monitoring in beta-thalassemia patients' plasma by field-amplified sample injection and sweeping in capillary electrophoresis.
52  deferoxamine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1992 Maintenance of left ventricular function (90%) after twenty-four-hour heart preservation with deferoxamine.
53  deferoxamine mesylate
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2006 Cytotoxic and radioprotective effects of Podophyllum hexandrum.
54  delayed fluid replacement
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
alpha-BGT (1 time)
EA (1 time)
IL (1 time)
2013 Electroacupuncture improves gut barrier dysfunction in prolonged hemorrhagic shock rats through vagus anti-inflammatory mechanism.
55  delayed fluid resuscitation group
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
CGRP (1 time)
ET-1 (1 time)
2005 [Changes in endothelin-1 and calcitonin gene-related peptide in myocardium after severe burn and delayed fluid resuscitation in rats at different altitudes on plateau].
56  delayed footpad response
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
CV (1 time)
IFN (1 time)
2003 Development of a mucosal complex vaccine against oral Salmonella infection in mice.
57  Deramakot Forest Reserve
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
FMUs (1 time)
GIS (1 time)
2003 The process-based stand growth model Formix 3-Q applied in a GIS environment for growth and yield analysis in a tropical rain forest.
58  diabetic foot risk
(1 time)
Health Education
(1 time)
DFU (1 time)
DM (1 time)
LF (1 time)
2021 Assessment of diabetic foot risk among diabetic patients in a tertiary care hospital, South India.
59  dicyandiamide formaldehyde resin
(1 time)
--- 2019 N, S Dual-Doped Carbon Derived from Dye Sludge by Using Polymeric Flocculant as Soft Template.
60  difference from reference
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
APACHE (1 time)
ISS (1 time)
2009 A genomic score prognostic of outcome in trauma patients.
61  differential field ratio
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1990 Diffraction ellipsometry studies of osmotically compressed muscle fibers.
62  differential fluorescent receptor
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2013 A differential fluorescent receptor for nucleic acid analysis.
63  differential renal function
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
DMSA (1 time)
MAG3 (1 time)
UPJO (1 time)
2018 Diuretic renography in hydronephrosis: a retrospective single-center study.
64  diffuse fast rhythms
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
DSSW (1 time)
TS (1 time)
2010 Lennox-Gastaut syndrome in adulthood: clinical and EEG features.
65  diffuse reflectance
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
DSC (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
IMC (1 time)
2012 Chemical stability of amorphous materials: specific and general media effects in the role of water in the degradation of freeze-dried zoniporide.
66  digesta flow rate
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
AA-N (1 time)
CP (1 time)
MN (1 time)
1990 Studies on the evaluation of feed protein for ruminants. 1. Passage of nitrogen fractions to the duodenum of dairy cows fed different protein and carbohydrate sources.
67  dihydroflavonol 4-reductase/flavanone 4-reductase
(1 time)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
--- 2022 Comparative Analysis of the Morphological, Physiological, Proteomic, and Metabolic Mechanisms of the "Biloxi" Blueberry Response to Shade Stress.
68  Direct Final Rule
(1 time)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
CDC (1 time)
HHS (1 time)
2012 Control of communicable diseases: foreign; scope and definitions. Direct final rule and request for comments.
69  directed forepaw reaching
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ECs (1 time)
MP (1 time)
SCI (1 time)
2002 Ensheathing cells and methylprednisolone promote axonal regeneration and functional recovery in the lesioned adult rat spinal cord.
70  disease-free survival rate
(1 time)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
HCC (1 time)
TAE (1 time)
1996 [The effects of preoperative transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TAE) for the recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) from the viewpoint of consecutive tumor necrosis effect].
71  disease-free survival rates
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 1995 Long-term observation of patients treated by postoperative extended-field irradiation for nodal metastases from cervical carcinoma stages IB, IIA, and IIB.
72  dislodgeable foliar
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
PPDB (1 time)
2021 Correlation between dietary and dislodgeable foliar (DFR) crop residues decline data; A proposed approach to refine non-dietary risk assessment.
73  dispositional free riders
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
DCC (1 time)
2018 Dispositional free riders do not free ride on punishment.
74  distal femoral arthroplasty
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
AACCI (1 time)
LLP (1 time)
TKA (1 time)
2017 Equivalent mortality and complication rates following periprosthetic distal femur fractures managed with either lateral locked plating or a distal femoral replacement.
75  distal femur endoprosthesis
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
APC (1 time)
2013 Supracondylar periprosthetic fractures of the knee in the elderly patients: a comparison of treatment using allograft-implant composites, standard revision components, distal femoral replacement prosthesis.
76  distal filling ratio
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
UCSSSA (1 time)
2022 Validation of the distal filling ratio in uncemented convertible short-stem shoulder arthroplasty.
77  distal tubular fluid reabsorption
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CCh (1 time)
LHA (1 time)
NAd (1 time)
1991 Renal water handling evaluated by lithium clearance following adrenergic and cholinergic stimulation of the lateral hypothalamic area.
78  distribution free resampling
(1 time)
Cells
(1 time)
ON (1 time)
PBMC (1 time)
2014 Improvement of IFNg ELISPOT Performance Following Overnight Resting of Frozen PBMC Samples Confirmed Through Rigorous Statistical Analysis.
79  Doppler flow reserve
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
IRA (1 time)
LAD (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2001 Postinfarctional remodeling: increased dye intensity in the myocardial risk area after angioplasty of infarct-related coronary artery is associated with reduction of ventricular volumes.
80  dose fall-off range R80-20
(1 time)
BSD (1 time)
MLC (1 time)
PDD (1 time)
2022 Practical Dosimetry Considerations for Small MLC-Shaped Electron Fields at 60 cm SSD.
81  Dounreay Fast Reactor
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MTR (1 time)
mu-XANES (1 time)
Nd (1 time)
2020 Characterization of radioactive particles from the Dounreay nuclear reprocessing facility.
82  downstream flanking region
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
SNP (1 time)
2009 Mutation analysis of p63 gene in the first Chinese family with ADULT syndrome.
83  Drip Flow Reactors
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
LR (1 time)
MWP (1 time)
2017 Prevention of Staphylococcus aureus biofilm formation by antibiotics in 96-Microtiter Well Plates and Drip Flow Reactors: critical factors influencing outcomes.
84  dry-film photoresist technology
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
GOx (1 time)
2015 Self-assembled magnetic bead chains for sensitivity enhancement of microfluidic electrochemical biosensor platforms.
85  dumbbell-form resection
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HCCA (1 time)
PTBD (1 time)
2016 A New Surgical Procedure "Dumbbell-Form Resection" for Selected Hilar Cholangiocarcinomas With Severe Jaundice: Comparison With Hemihepatectomy.
86  duodeno-forestomach reflux
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DER (1 time)
2012 The severity of duodeno-esophageal reflux influences the development of different histological types of esophageal cancer in a rat model.
87  Dupilumab facial redness
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 2021 Dupilumab Facial Redness/Dupilumab Facial Dermatitis: A Guide for Clinicians.
88  duration of functional response
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
MR (1 time)
1976 The liver as a privileged site for parathyroid alloimplanation in the rat.
89  dust-fall rate
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
RSPM (1 time)
SPM (1 time)
TPP (1 time)
2008 Biochemical responses in tree foliage exposed to coal-fired power plant emission in seasonally dry tropical environment.
90  Dutch Red and White Friesian
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
DF (1 time)
2016 Conservation priorities for the different lines of Dutch Red and White Friesian cattle change when relationships with other breeds are taken into account.
91  dynamic flexible routing
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AGVs (1 time)
FMSs (1 time)
RFLs (1 time)
2019 Toward high degree flexible routing in collision-free FMSs through automated guided vehicles' dynamic strategy: A simulation metamodel.
92  dynamic flow restriction
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
FeNO (1 time)
NO (1 time)
ppb (1 time)
2002 Exhaled nitric oxide measurements with dynamic flow restriction in children aged 4-8 yrs.
93  dysfunction rate
(1 time)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
GRADE (1 time)
GS (1 time)
2019 Identifying the Superior Reperfusion Technique in Liver Transplantation: A Network Meta-Analysis.