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Abbreviation: DI
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
diabetes insipidus
(760 times)
Endocrinology
(194 times)
AVP (78 times)
MRI (50 times)
LCH (42 times)
1968 Impaired urinary concentration after vasopressin and its gradual correction in hypothalamic diabetes insipidus.
disposition index
(653 times)
Endocrinology
(159 times)
SI (79 times)
OGTT (62 times)
AIR (32 times)
1976 Effect of variation in dietary NaCl intake on total and fractional renal blood flow in the normal and mercury-intoxicated rat.
defective interfering
(436 times)
Virology
(320 times)
MHV (47 times)
VSV (35 times)
nt (19 times)
1971 Defective interfering particles of poliovirus. I. Isolation and physical properties.
DNA index
(339 times)
Neoplasms
(138 times)
FCM (49 times)
SPF (37 times)
PI (32 times)
1983 Flow cytometric DNA content in myelodysplastic syndromes.
deionized
(233 times)
Environmental Health
(47 times)
NPs (10 times)
PBS (10 times)
SEM (10 times)
1991 Comparison of bacterial and endotoxin retention by charge-modified sterilizing grade filters during intermittent long-term use.
deep inspiration
(130 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(63 times)
ASM (22 times)
MCh (19 times)
Rrs (12 times)
1979 Mechanisms of the bronchoconstrictor effects of deep inspiration in asthmatic patients.
dose intensity
(129 times)
Neoplasms
(108 times)
RDI (20 times)
CR (16 times)
NSCLC (15 times)
1988 Dose intensity analysis of melphalan and prednisone in multiple myeloma.
direct injection
(118 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(38 times)
SPME (20 times)
HS (11 times)
GC (8 times)
1985 Ethanol disposition in man: comparison of breathalyzer and two methods of gas-liquid chromatography.
disability index
(108 times)
Rheumatology
(50 times)
HAQ (47 times)
RA (25 times)
SF-36 (13 times)
1973 Rheology of leukocytes, leukocyte suspensions, and blood in leukemia. Possible relationship to clinical manifestations.
10  donor insemination
(92 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(53 times)
IVF (10 times)
ICSI (5 times)
ART (2 times)
1987 Alternative methods of reproduction. Effects on the child.
11  dentinogenesis imperfecta
(84 times)
Dentistry
(47 times)
OI (49 times)
AI (5 times)
DEJ (4 times)
1983 Dentinogenesis imperfecta in the Brandywine isolate (DI type III): clinical, radiologic, and scanning electron microscopic studies of the dentition.
12  Disability Insurance
(68 times)
Health Services Research
(46 times)
SSI (25 times)
OASI (8 times)
SSA (5 times)
1980 Receipt of multiple benefits by disabled-worker beneficiaries.
13  detrusor instability
(61 times)
Urology
(43 times)
GSI (10 times)
BOO (4 times)
BPH (4 times)
1986 Detrusor instability in children with recurrent urinary tract infection and/or enuresis. II. Treatment.
14  diastolic interval
(59 times)
Cardiology
(26 times)
APD (41 times)
VF (7 times)
AF (5 times)
1984 Load sensitivity of ventricular force-interval relations in conscious dogs.
15  damage index
(57 times)
Toxicology
(13 times)
DF (7 times)
SLE (7 times)
MN (6 times)
1991 [Concentrated irradiation as a stage of multimodal treatment of cancer of the proximal part of the stomach].
16  desaturation index
(53 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(12 times)
AHI (26 times)
OSA (11 times)
OSAS (11 times)
1992 [Analysis of nocturnal disturbed breathing in the elderly using desaturation index].
17  Dens invaginatus
(50 times)
Dentistry
(32 times)
CBCT (12 times)
DE (4 times)
MTA (3 times)
1987 Cone outer segment morphogenesis: taper change and distal invaginations.
18  daily intake
(47 times)
Environmental Health
(37 times)
HQ (5 times)
TDI (5 times)
DEHP (4 times)
2007 Mercury contamination and health risk to crops around the zinc smelting plant in Huludao City, northeastern China.
19  dry immersion
(44 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(19 times)
CA (2 times)
HDBR (2 times)
HR (2 times)
1995 [Use of dispersion analysis in the evaluation of the effects of immersion and individual differences on the variability of orthostatic reactions].
20  distal intestine
(41 times)
Zoology
(24 times)
PI (22 times)
MI (18 times)
IkappaBalpha (9 times)
2005 Fasting and refeeding cause rapid changes in intestinal tissue mass and digestive enzyme capacities of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.).
21  distensibility index
(39 times)
Gastroenterology
(27 times)
FLIP (20 times)
EGJ (17 times)
POEM (12 times)
1999 Digestibility index and factors affecting rate of starch digestion in vitro in conventional food preparation.
22  deionized water
(38 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
XRD (3 times)
ACN (2 times)
AS (2 times)
1978 Autoxidation and effects of pro- and antioxidants in lyophilized red blood cell membranes.
23  domain I
(38 times)
Virology
(6 times)
APS (14 times)
beta2GPI (12 times)
aPL (10 times)
2003 In vivo characterization of bioconjugate B cell toleragens with specificity for autoantibodies in antiphospholipid syndrome.
24  delusional infestation
(36 times)
Dermatology
(19 times)
5HT-2A (1 time)
BABS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2009 Delusional infestation.
25  developmental instability
(35 times)
Biology
(13 times)
FA (18 times)
MPAs (3 times)
DA (2 times)
1999 The effect of inbreeding and population hybridization on developmental instability in petals and leaves of the rare plant silene diclinis (Caryophyllaceae)
26  diagnostic imaging
(35 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(11 times)
CT (4 times)
ED (4 times)
PACS (4 times)
1989 Accuracy of diagnostic imaging as determined by delayed operative intervention for advanced neuroblastoma.
27  drug information
(34 times)
Pharmacy
(14 times)
DIC (4 times)
ADR (2 times)
ASHP (2 times)
1989 A quality assurance audit of a drug information service.
28  deficit irrigation
(33 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(9 times)
FI (11 times)
PRD (8 times)
NI (5 times)
2003 Partial rootzone drying: regulation of stomatal aperture and carbon assimilation in field-grown grapevines (Vitis vinifera cv. Moscatel).
29  dietary intake
(33 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(15 times)
PA (8 times)
DR (4 times)
BMI (3 times)
1999 Lifestyle and obesity in adolescence and young adulthood: results from the Amsterdam Growth And Health Longitudinal Study (AGAHLS).
30  Dyspnea Index
(32 times)
Otolaryngology
(10 times)
FMT (5 times)
VHI (4 times)
CI (3 times)
2005 Efficacy of conservative voice treatment in male-to-female transsexuals.
31  disease index
(31 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(10 times)
DON (3 times)
FDK (3 times)
QTL (3 times)
1997 Psoriatic arthritis: a quantitative overview of therapeutic options. The Psoriatic Arthritis Meta-Analysis Study Group.
32  Discrepancy Index
(30 times)
Orthodontics
(26 times)
ABO (8 times)
OGS (8 times)
CCA (4 times)
2005 Clinical assessment of orthodontic outcomes with the peer assessment rating, discrepancy index, objective grading system, and comprehensive clinical assessment.
33  difficult intubation
(29 times)
Anesthesiology
(11 times)
DMV (5 times)
OSA (5 times)
AUC (4 times)
1999 [Procedures use by French anesthetists in cases of difficult intubation and the impact of a conference of experts].
34  distress intolerance
(28 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(9 times)
CUD (3 times)
DTS (2 times)
IU (2 times)
2011 Profiles of distress intolerance in a substance-dependent sample.
35  diaphragm
(24 times)
Physiology
(11 times)
EMG (10 times)
GG (4 times)
IC (4 times)
1982 Upper airway and diaphragm muscle responses to chemical stimulation and loading.
36  dental implants
(23 times)
Dentistry
(15 times)
DL (2 times)
HTR (2 times)
NT (2 times)
1996 Incidence of spontaneous post-implantation deaths in CFT-Swiss mice: its suitability to assess dominant lethal mutations.
37  disease incidence
(23 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
DS (7 times)
QTL (5 times)
BSR (3 times)
2003 First Report of Resistance to Metalaxyl in Downy Mildew of Sunflower Caused by Plasmopara halstedii in Spain.
38  drug interaction
(23 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
ADR (3 times)
ADCs (2 times)
ADEs (2 times)
1986 Expert system detection of drug interactions: results in consecutive inpatients.
39  degree of inclusion
(21 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
CI (10 times)
GTV (5 times)
BCS (4 times)
2001 Interactions of a history of migration with the course of pain disorder.
40  dietary intervention
(21 times)
Metabolism
(9 times)
AT (5 times)
VLCD (5 times)
WL (5 times)
2009 Vascular nitric oxide and superoxide anion contribute to sex-specific programmed cardiovascular physiology in mice.
41  differential index
(20 times)
Obstetrics
(7 times)
FHR (5 times)
aFECG (2 times)
FECG (2 times)
1977 Quantification of fetal heart rate variability in relation to oxygenation in the sheep fetus.
42  days of incubation
(19 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
AFB1 (4 times)
a.h (2 times)
met-ENK (2 times)
1978 Time course of appearance of alpha-bungarotoxin binding sites during development of chick ciliary ganglion and iris.
43  delay interferometer
(18 times)
Ophthalmology
(18 times)
TWDM-PON (3 times)
BER (2 times)
DML (2 times)
2007 All-optical format conversion from CS-RZ to NRZ at 40Gbit/s.
44  delayed intervention
(18 times)
Urology
(6 times)
AS (7 times)
EI (2 times)
RCC (2 times)
2013 Translation of a behavioral weight loss intervention for mid-life, low-income women in local health departments.
45  diaphragmatic injury
(18 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
ISS (2 times)
NOM (2 times)
AIS (1 time)
1993 Prospective evaluation of thoracoscopy for diagnosing diaphragmatic injury in thoracoabdominal trauma: a preliminary report.
46  Delirium Index
(17 times)
Geriatrics
(14 times)
CAM (10 times)
LTC (8 times)
MMSE (8 times)
1999 Reliability and validity of a new measure of severity of delirium.
47  delayed intensification
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
ALL (14 times)
EFS (3 times)
HR (3 times)
2001 Children's Cancer Group trials in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: 1983-1995.
48  dialyzed iron
(16 times)
Histocytochemistry
(11 times)
HID (6 times)
PA-TCH-SP (6 times)
TA-U (3 times)
1971 Ultrastructural localization of dialyzed iron-reactive mucosubstance in rabbit heterophils, basophils, and eosinophils.
49  dyssynchrony index
(16 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
LV (8 times)
CRT (2 times)
ERO (2 times)
2006 Role of regional mechanical dyssynchrony as a determinant of functional mitral regurgitation in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction.
50  debris index
(14 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
CI (12 times)
GI (6 times)
PD (3 times)
1991 [Evaluation of a prevention and prophylaxis program for the handicapped].
51  diaphorase
(14 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(6 times)
GDH (3 times)
PAP (3 times)
CNTP (2 times)
2004 A comparison between the use of a redox mediator in solution and of surface modified electrodes in the electrocatalytic oxidation of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide.
52  drip irrigation
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
SDI (6 times)
FI (4 times)
WUE (4 times)
2010 [Mist irrigation system at drilling in spinal surgery].
53  Division I
(13 times)
Sports Medicine
(5 times)
NCAA (7 times)
SCT (3 times)
AppJ (2 times)
2014 Association of y balance test reach asymmetry and injury in division I athletes.
54  dengue infection
(12 times)
Tropical Medicine
(6 times)
DF (3 times)
ALT (2 times)
AST (2 times)
2000 Hepatic dysfunction in childhood dengue infection.
55  diazepam-insensitive
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
DS (9 times)
BZR (6 times)
SAR (2 times)
1992 Ro 15-4513 binding to GABAA receptors: subunit composition determines ligand efficacy.
56  diestrus I
(12 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
DII (6 times)
DA (2 times)
PE (2 times)
1980 Biphasic fluctuation of pituitary responsiveness to LH-RH during the rat estrous cycle. Role of endogenous LH-RH and ovarian steroids in its modulation.
57  dimensionless index
(12 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
AS (11 times)
AVA (8 times)
TTE (6 times)
2011 Integration of 3D imaging data in the assessment of aortic stenosis: impact on classification of disease severity.
58  discomfort index
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
WBGT (4 times)
PSI (2 times)
ACGIH (1 time)
1994 A discomfort survey in a poultry-processing plant.
59  double incontinence
(12 times)
Urology
(7 times)
UI (10 times)
FI (6 times)
QoL (4 times)
2002 Vitamin B(12) deficiency and incontinence: is there an association?
60  decay index
(11 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
MI (2 times)
RI (2 times)
201Tl (1 time)
1987 Hormonal regulation of cell death in rabbit uterine epithelium.
61  Dice index
(11 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
CNN (2 times)
CT (2 times)
ML (2 times)
2004 Evaluation of randomly amplified polymorphic DNA and pulsed field gel electrophoresis techniques for molecular typing of Dermatophilus congolensis.
62  dual infection
(11 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
AML (2 times)
BM (2 times)
CR (2 times)
2001 Assessment of cerebral hemodynamics before and after revascularization in patients with occlusive cerebrovascular disease by means of quantitative IMP-SPECT with double-injection protocol.
63  dimethyl itaconate
(10 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
LPS (3 times)
IRG1 (2 times)
MPO (2 times)
2018 Electrophilic properties of itaconate and derivatives regulate the IκBζ-ATF3 inflammatory axis.
64  diverting ileostomy
(10 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
LAR (3 times)
IPAA (2 times)
OR (2 times)
2014 Dangerous surgical scavenger hunt: the complicated course of a patient with left ventricular assist device and end-stage renal disease undergoing reconstructive flap surgery.
65  Dominic Interactive
(10 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
SCMHE (3 times)
SDQ (3 times)
OR (2 times)
2005 Mental health outcomes of cocaine-exposed children at 6 years of age.
66  damping index
(9 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
HVPG (3 times)
HV (2 times)
ARBs (1 time)
1994 [The value of duplex sonography after orthotopic liver transplantation. Experience with 44 patients].
67  Dean's index
(9 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
TFI (2 times)
CI (1 time)
DF (1 time)
1994 Comparison of two indices of dental fluorosis in low, moderate and high fluorosis Tanzanian populations.
68  deiodinase
(9 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
DTT (3 times)
PBDEs (2 times)
DII (1 time)
2001 Thyroid hormone activation in human vascular smooth muscle cells: expression of type II iodothyronine deiodinase.
69  delocalization index
(9 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
QTAIM (4 times)
LI (3 times)
FBO (2 times)
2003 The delocalization index as an electronic aromaticity criterion: application to a series of planar polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
70  developmental index
(9 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
9-cis RA (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
CApp (1 time)
2003 An investigation of the relationship between associated congenital malformations and the mental and psychomotor development of children with clefts.
71  distinctness
(9 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
EV (6 times)
MA (6 times)
MESSi (6 times)
2013 Validation of a chronotype questionnaire including an amplitude dimension.
72  diversity
(9 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
MLVA (3 times)
PFGE (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1994 Comparison of ribotyping and multilocus enzyme electrophoresis for subtyping of Listeria monocytogenes isolates.
73  documented infection
(9 times)
Antineoplastic Agents
(3 times)
FN (3 times)
FUO (2 times)
MDI (2 times)
2000 Management of fever in neutropenic patients with acute leukemia: current role of ceftazidime plus amikacin as empiric therapy.
74  vasopressin-deficient Brattleboro
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
LE (8 times)
AC (2 times)
ANP (2 times)
1986 Behavioral variability within the Brattleboro and Long-Evans rat strains.
75  defective interfering particle
(8 times)
Virology
(7 times)
BVDV (1 time)
DIs (1 time)
psi (1 time)
1978 Inverted complementary terminal sequences in single-stranded RNAs and snap-back RNAs from vesicular stomatitis defective interfering particles.
76  Demirjian Index
(8 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CVMI (3 times)
BA (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2011 Skeletal maturation evaluation using mandibular second molar calcification stages.
77  depolarization inactivation
(8 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
DA (6 times)
AP (2 times)
APO (2 times)
1988 Cholecystokinin antagonist lorglumide reverses chronic haloperidol-induced effects on dopamine neurons.
78  depth of invasion
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
LVSI (6 times)
LNM (5 times)
TS (4 times)
1986 Roentgenographically occult bronchogenic squamous cell carcinoma: location in the bronchi, depth of invasion and length of axial involvement of the bronchus.
79  diabetic
(8 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
DM (2 times)
i.p (2 times)
OSI (2 times)
1975 Human C-peptide in normal and diabetic subjects.
80  diagnostic index
(8 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ADA (1 time)
BM (1 time)
CBDMP (1 time)
1990 Evaluation of the hospital discharge diagnoses index and the birth certificate as sources of information on birth defects.
81  dialysis index
(8 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
CAPD (3 times)
ALB (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
1991 Lack of correlation between urea kinetic indices and clinical outcomes in CAPD patients.
82  diffusion imaging
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
ADC (3 times)
CIT (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
1995 Inferring microstructural features and the physiological state of tissues from diffusion-weighted images.
83  dissociative ionization
(8 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
FEBID (6 times)
DEA (5 times)
AE (1 time)
2012 Gas phase low energy electron induced decomposition of the focused electron beam induced deposition (FEBID) precursor trimethyl (methylcyclopentadienyl) platinum(IV) (MeCpPtMe3).
84  distal
(8 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
PI (6 times)
MI (4 times)
AKP (1 time)
1991 Species difference in intestinal drug metabolising enzymes in mouse, rat and hamster and their inducibility by masheri, a pyrolysed tobacco product.
85  domain
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
APS (2 times)
ab2GPI (1 time)
aPL (1 time)
1998 Mutation of amino acid residues in the mobile loop region of the NAD(H)-binding domain of proton-translocating transhydrogenase.
86  double ionization
(8 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
SI (2 times)
ACO (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2004 Speed-up collisions in strong-field double ionization.
87  defunctioning ileostomy
(7 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
AL (2 times)
EPSBO (2 times)
LAR (2 times)
2008 Restoration of bowel continuity after surgery for acute perforated diverticulitis: should Hartmann's procedure be considered a one-stage procedure?
88  deterioration index
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
ERPs (2 times)
BD (1 time)
d.i (1 time)
1989 [Pattern of solvent consumption and neuropsychological damage associated with their use].
89  diagnostic interval
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
HR (2 times)
BC (1 time)
CEA (1 time)
2009 Serum carcinoembryonic antigen monitoring after curative resection for colorectal cancer: clinical significance of the preoperative level.
90  dietary index
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
5-CNS (1 time)
AusDiab (1 time)
BALANCE (1 time)
2015 The Nutrient Profile of Foods Consumed Using the British Food Standards Agency Nutrient Profiling System Is Associated with Metabolic Syndrome in the SU.VI.MAX Cohort.
91  difference index
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
RI (3 times)
Bootstrap-BPNN (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
1980 Evaluation of cerebral infarctions of the carotid area by an intravenous 133Xenon and 99mTechnetium method.
92  difficult tracheal intubation
(7 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
IDS (2 times)
BC (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2003 Predicting difficult orotracheal intubation in pharyngo-laryngeal disease: preliminary results of a composite index.
93  digital images
(7 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
ROI (2 times)
CK19 (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2005 [Use of telepathology to provide rapid diagnosis of neurosurgical specimens].
94  directed Ising
(7 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
DP (3 times)
PCPD (2 times)
BAAW (1 time)
2002 Dynamic behavior of driven interfaces in models with two absorbing states.
95  dispersed in deionized
(7 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
CF/PPS (1 time)
CL (1 time)
DMAA (1 time)
2006 Temperature dependent rheological property of copper oxide nanoparticles suspension (nanofluid).
96  dual-isotope
(7 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(4 times)
OM (2 times)
STI (2 times)
166Ho (1 time)
2002 Efficient simulation of SPECT down-scatter including photon interactions with crystal and lead.
97  deformity index
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
AI (1 time)
CI/R (1 time)
CLE (1 time)
1996 [Loss of alveolar attachments in smoker's lungs and its relation to small airway abnormalities].
98  diabetic treated with insulin
(6 times)
Diabetes Mellitus
(2 times)
DE (2 times)
ANF (1 time)
CL (1 time)
1995 [Biomechanics of bone in experimental diabetic rats].
99  difference image
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
CBF (1 time)
CKLD (1 time)
2011 An Automated Measurement of Ciliary Beating Frequency using a Combined Optical Flow and Peak Detection.
100  Dirofilaria immitis
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
Bb (2 times)
Ec (2 times)
Li (2 times)
1975 Cell-mediated immunity to Dirofilaria immitis.