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Abbreviation: DID
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Long forms: 125

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
difference-in-differences
(697 times)
Environmental Health
(147 times)
CI (41 times)
ACA (25 times)
PSM (19 times)
2007 A DID analysis of the impact of health insurance reform in the city of Hangzhou.
dissociative identity disorder
(205 times)
Psychiatry
(79 times)
PTSD (23 times)
DDNOS (8 times)
DES (8 times)
1995 Psychometric properties of the Dissociative Experiences Scale.
drinking in the dark
(166 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(73 times)
EtOH (38 times)
BECs (15 times)
AUD (11 times)
2007 Mouse inbred strain differences in ethanol drinking to intoxication.
double immunodiffusion
(62 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
ELISA (20 times)
CIE (8 times)
ANA (5 times)
1974 A simple double immunodiffusion test for typing influenza viruses.
diaphanous inhibitory domain
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
DAD (14 times)
FH2 (4 times)
INF2 (4 times)
2005 Formin proteins: a domain-based approach.
difference-in-difference method
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
ACC/AHA (1 time)
BRI (1 time)
BVDV (1 time)
2010 The impact of value-based benefit design on adherence to diabetes medications: a propensity score-weighted difference in difference evaluation.
drug-induced dyskinesia
(11 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
PD (5 times)
CSF (1 time)
DDCI (1 time)
1991 Stereotactic Vim-Vo-thalamotomy for choreatic movement disorder.
delayed ischaemic deficit
(10 times)
Neurosurgery
(7 times)
SAH (5 times)
TCD (2 times)
MMSE (1 time)
1988 Nimodipine in the prevention of ischaemic deficits after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage. An analysis of recent clinical studies.
desmosine and isodesmosine
(10 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
BALF (5 times)
HA (3 times)
BLM (1 time)
1992 Elastin content, cross-links, and mRNA in normal and aneurysmal human aorta.
10  delayed ischemic deficit
(8 times)
Neurosurgery
(5 times)
SAH (6 times)
TCD (2 times)
ACA (1 time)
1977 Cerebral vasospasm with ruptured saccular aneurysm--the clinical manifestations.
11  dental implant distractor
(8 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
HP (2 times)
WP (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
2003 Reconstruction of mandible with fibular flap and dental implant distractor: a new approach.
12  Department of Infectious Diseases
(8 times)
Communicable Diseases
(5 times)
MCE (2 times)
PCE (2 times)
AMS (1 time)
1988 Management of pregnant women with contagious infections at delivery.
13  dipole-induced-dipole
(7 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
ER (2 times)
CF (1 time)
CIA (1 time)
2001 Computer simulations of electrorheological fluids in the dipole-induced dipole model.
14  daily insulin dose
(5 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
T1D (2 times)
BMD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2009 Correlation between the prevalence of type 1 diabetes with the daily insulin dose and the autoimmune process against glutamic acid decarboxylase in adults.
15  days interval drought
(5 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
AA (3 times)
DAS (3 times)
GB (3 times)
2007 Changes in antioxidant metabolism of Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. by propiconazole under water deficit stress.
16  delayed ischemic deterioration
(5 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
ACA (2 times)
CBF (1 time)
FND (1 time)
1986 Outcome in patients subjected to early aneurysm operation and intravenous nimodipine.
17  delayed-interval delivery
(4 times)
Perinatology
(2 times)
--- 2015 A Triplet Pregnancy With Spontaneous Delivery of a Fetus at Gestational Age of 20 Weeks and Pregnancy Continuation of Two Other Fetuses Until Week 33.
18  difference-in-difference analysis
(4 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ACA (1 time)
ARI (1 time)
EGS (1 time)
2015 Evaluation of Integrated Community Case Management in Eight Districts of Central Uganda.
19  double agar gel immunodiffusion test
(4 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
ELISA (3 times)
PCM (3 times)
CPA (2 times)
2014 Prevalence and serological diagnosis of relapse in paracoccidioidomycosis patients.
20  drinking-in-dark
(4 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
cAMP (1 time)
D2R (1 time)
EtOH (1 time)
2013 Bioinformatics analyses reveal age-specific neuroimmune modulation as a target for treatment of high ethanol drinking.
21  Diabetes Interactive Diary
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
CHO (2 times)
CV (1 time)
FBG (1 time)
2009 Interactive diary for diabetes: A useful and easy-to-use new telemedicine system to support the decision-making process in type 1 diabetes.
22  dialect identification
(3 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(2 times)
AST (1 time)
ID (1 time)
2016 Same-day identification and antibiotic susceptibility testing on positive blood cultures: a simple and inexpensive procedure.
23  direct-injection detector
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
MPFS (3 times)
CL (1 time)
2012 Application of direct-injection detector integrated with the multi-pumping flow system to photometric stop-flow determination of total iron.
24  disorders of intellectual development
(3 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
BIs (1 time)
CDDR (1 time)
ID/IDD (1 time)
2017 [New considerations on the health of the persons with intellectual developmental disorders].
25  drinking, drinking in the dark
(3 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
2BC (1 time)
AMPA (1 time)
CPP (1 time)
2013 Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors containing alpha6 subunits contribute to alcohol reward-related behaviours.
26  Drug Information Database
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
PDE-5 (1 time)
2008 Popular drugs in sport: descriptive analysis of the enquiries made via the Drug Information Database (DID).
27  5,5'-diphenyl-3,3'-diisothiazole disulfide
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
--- 1994 Antipoliovirus activity of isothiazole derivatives: mode of action of 5,5'-diphenyl-3,3'-diisothiazole disulfide (DID).
28  Danish Intensive Care Database
(2 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
SAPS (2 times)
ICU (1 time)
ICUs (1 time)
2016 The Danish Intensive Care Database.
29  Daxx Interaction Domain
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
EAP1 (1 time)
EBV (1 time)
HBD (1 time)
2000 EAP1/Daxx interacts with ETS1 and represses transcriptional activation of ETS1 target genes.
30  death from intercurrent disease
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
NSCLC (2 times)
CPORT (1 time)
ECOG (1 time)
2001 Risk of death from intercurrent disease is not excessively increased by modern postoperative radiotherapy for high-risk resected non-small-cell lung carcinoma.
31  deep interactive denoiser
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
DL (1 time)
LDCT (1 time)
2021 Deep Interactive Denoiser (DID) for X-Ray Computed Tomography.
32  delay in diagnosis
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
aOR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
IDSCTs (1 time)
2012 Effect of delayed diagnosis on severity of Pott's disease.
33  delayed intrinsicoid deflection
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ECG (2 times)
CI (1 time)
LV (1 time)
2015 Delayed intrinsicoid deflection of the QRS complex is associated with sudden cardiac arrest.
34  Delayed ischaemic neurological deficit
(2 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
ISAT (1 time)
SAH (1 time)
2007 Clinical review: Prevention and therapy of vasospasm in subarachnoid hemorrhage.
35  designated intractable diseases
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
ONFH (2 times)
2021 Epidemiological study of osteonecrosis of the femoral head using the national registry of designated intractable diseases in Japan.
36  Dia-inhibitory domain
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DAD (2 times)
DD (1 time)
FH2 (1 time)
2005 The basic region of the diaphanous-autoregulatory domain (DAD) is required for autoregulatory interactions with the diaphanous-related formin inhibitory domain.
37  Diagnostic Inventory for Depression
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
MIDAS (1 time)
SCID (1 time)
2003 The Diagnostic Inventory for Depression: a self-report scale to diagnose DSM-IV major depressive disorder.
38  difference in these differences
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
LSAS (1 time)
2019 The effectiveness of vocational rehabilitation on work participation: a propensity score matched analysis using nationwide register data.
39  difference-in-differences approach
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
GAMs (1 time)
GEE (1 time)
2018 Evaluation of the effectiveness of a WHO-5A model based comprehensive tobacco control program among migrant workers in Guangdong, China: a pilot study.
40  diisopropylacetamide
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
VCD (2 times)
VPD (2 times)
AEDs (1 time)
1990 Structure-pharmacokinetic relationships in a series of short fatty acid amides that possess anticonvulsant activity.
41  disc interference disorders
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
ARS (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
MBF (1 time)
2004 Influence of masticatory muscle pain on electromyographic activities of cervical muscles in patients with myogenous temporomandibular disorders.
42  dispersion interaction density
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
HHBs (1 time)
LED (1 time)
2016 Visualizing dispersion interactions through the use of local orbital spaces.
43  dose per inhabitant per day
(2 times)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
BZD (1 time)
BZD-A (1 time)
BZD-H (1 time)
1998 [Rational use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in primary care].
44  double-difference model
(2 times)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
CPES (1 time)
2022 The Inhibitory Effect of the Deregulation Short-Sale on Private Equity Placement.
45  drinking, using the 'drinking in the dark
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AgRP (1 time)
alpha-MSH (1 time)
IHC (1 time)
2013 Repeated binge-like ethanol drinking alters ethanol drinking patterns and depresses striatal GABAergic transmission.
46  drug induced diseases
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 1994 Surveillance of drug induced diseases in children.
47  drug-induced delirium
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ADRs (1 time)
2000 Drug-induced delirium.
48  dabbling ducks
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
2018 A method to identify the areas at risk for the introduction of avian influenza virus into poultry flocks through direct contact with wild ducks.
49  Daily Dose Per Inhabitant
(1 time)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
--- 2010 [High exposure to antibiotics in the population and differences by sex and age].
50  daily doses
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
ARIMA (1 time)
2021 Monitoring outpatient antibiotic utilization using reimbursement and retail sales data: a population-based comparison in France, 2012-17.
51  daily doses per thousand inhabitants
(1 time)
Economics, Medical
(1 time)
--- 2021 Analysis of the Prescription of Antibiotics During the Implementation of COVID-19 Personal Protection Measures in a Regional Health System.
52  Daily Inhabitants Doses
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
DDD's (1 time)
2001 [Estimate of the prevalence of hypothyroidism in Spain based on the use of thyroid hormones (1996-1999)].
53  daily inhalation dose
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
DL-PCBs (1 time)
PCDD (1 time)
PCDF (1 time)
2020 Dioxins and dioxin-like PCBs in the ambient air of the Valencian Region (Spain): Levels, human exposure, and risk assessment.
54  daily insulin dosage per body weight
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
FCP (1 time)
2013 A randomized placebo-controlled trial of alphacalcidol on the preservation of beta cell function in children with recent onset type 1 diabetes.
55  daily intake dose
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Cd (1 time)
Mn (1 time)
2021 A Health Risk Assessment of Lead and Other Metals in Pharmaceutical Herbal Products and Dietary Supplements Containing Ginkgo biloba in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area.
56  daily short acting exogenous insulin dose
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
MACE (1 time)
PPCI (1 time)
STEMI (1 time)
2014 In-hospital daily insulin dose predicts long-term adverse outcome in patients with diabetes with ST-elevation myocardial infarction treated with successful primary percutaneous angioplasty.
57  days post-delivery
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
MNCH (1 time)
pp (1 time)
SHGs (1 time)
2018 Effect of health intervention integration within women's self-help groups on collectivization and healthy practices around reproductive, maternal, neonatal and child health in rural India.
58  DDD per 1-thousand inhabitants per day
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Antibacterial drug prescription for outpatients: age, seasonal and pulmonary disease dependency.
59  Decentralized identifier
(1 time)
HMIS (1 time)
LMICs (1 time)
MPI (1 time)
2022 Scaling up a decentralized offline patient ID generation and matching algorithm to accelerate universal health coverage: Insights from a literature review and health facility survey in Nigeria.
60  decimal inactivation dose
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
FMDV (1 time)
2008 UV inactivation and model of UV inactivation of foot-and-mouth disease viruses in suspension.
61  decline in the number of outpatient visits per day
(1 time)
Health Policy
(1 time)
ARIMA (1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
PHC (1 time)
2021 Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Outpatient Service in Primary Healthcare Institutions: An Inspiration From Yinchuan of China.
62  decreased more than the rate of the companies not inspected
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
OHS (1 time)
2017 [Effectiveness of inspections in the construction sites on reducing innjuries: a pilot study in a Health Unit of Piedmont Region (Northern Italy)].
63  defined doses per thousand people
(1 time)
ARIMA (1 time)
AWaRe (1 time)
2020 Policies to Reduce Antibiotic Consumption: The Impact in the Basque Country.
64  Degenerative intervertebral disease
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
DISH (1 time)
2018 Degenerative changes of the thoracic spine do exist in patients with diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis: a detailed thoracic spine CT analysis.
65  degree of intervertebral distraction
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ACDR (1 time)
C7S (1 time)
DFJD (1 time)
2022 Effect of facet joint distraction on the functional and radiological outcomes after anterior cervical disc replacement.
66  Dehydration-induced drinking
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ANF (1 time)
SIP (1 time)
1990 The role of atrial natriuretic factor in dehydration and schedule-induced drinking behaviour.
67  delayed cerebral ischaemia
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
--- 2001 The selectin superfamily: the role of selectin adhesion molecules in delayed cerebral ischaemia after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage.
68  Delayed ID
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
HCM (1 time)
ID (1 time)
LVH (1 time)
2022 Relation of delayed intrinsicoid deflection of the QRS complex to sudden cardiac death in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
69  delayed injury diagnosis
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2020 A Contemporary Analysis of Delayed Diagnoses After Traumatic Injury : The Role of Operative Therapy.
70  delayed interval debulking surgery
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
AOC (1 time)
IDS (1 time)
NACT (1 time)
2020 Role of delayed interval debulking for persistent residual disease after more than 5cycles of chemotherapy for primary advanced ovarian cancer. An international multicenter study.
71  Delayed ischemic dysfunctions
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1996 Relationships between delayed ischemic dysfunctions and intracranial hemodynamics following subarachnoid hemorrhage.
72  delivered dose-intensity
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
FID (1 time)
PS (1 time)
1996 [Maintenance of the dose-intensity of chemotherapy combining carboplatin, cyclophosphamide, etoposide in women with ovarian cancer aged 70 and over].
73  Delusions of Inanimate Doubles
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1996 Delusional misidentification of inanimate objects: a literature review and neuropsychological analysis of cognitive deficits in two cases.
74  Dementia incidence densities
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
HRs (1 time)
OA (1 time)
2011 Incidence of dementia is increased in type 2 diabetes and reduced by the use of sulfonylureas and metformin.
75  density-independent dispersal
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
De (1 time)
NDDD (1 time)
2021 Negative density-dependent dispersal in tsetse (Glossina spp): An artefact of inappropriate analysis.
76  Depression Inventory Development
(1 time)
CTT (1 time)
IRT (1 time)
MADRS (1 time)
2021 THE DEPRESSION INVENTORY DEVELOPMENT SCALE: Assessment of Psychometric Properties Using Classical and Modern Measurement Theory in a CAN-BIND Trial.
77  descending intensity difference
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AID (1 time)
ATD (1 time)
DTD (1 time)
2020 A Characteristic Filtering Method for Pulse Wave Signal Quality Assessment.
78  described, drinking in the dark
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Acute effects of naltrexone and GBR 12909 on ethanol drinking-in-the-dark in C57BL/6J mice.
79  developmental disabilities
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2021 [The role of the primary care physician in the evolution of a care model in a medico-educational establishment].
80  Developmental intellectual disability
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Over-inhibition: a model for developmental intellectual disability.
81  diabetes incidence density
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2013 Cognitive impairment and limited dietary diversity or physical inactivity are conjoint precursors of incident diabetes more so in elderly women than men.
82  diabetes induced depression
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
EPM (1 time)
FST (1 time)
IL-1beta (1 time)
2017 Telmisartan attenuates diabetes induced depression in rats.
83  diarrheal infectious diseases
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Vaccines against human diarrheal pathogens: current status and perspectives.
84  DID analysis showed a greater change in age
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
ALIF/LLIF (1 time)
PLIF/TLIF (1 time)
2022 Longitudinal Trends of Patient Demographics and Morbidity of Different Approaches in Lumbar Interbody Fusion: An Analysis Using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Database.
85  did children in the control group
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CBCCs (1 time)
ECD (1 time)
2018 Using a Community-Based Early Childhood Development Center as a Platform to Promote Production and Consumption Diversity Increases Children's Dietary Intake and Reduces Stunting in Malawi: A Cluster-Randomized Trial.
86  didactic
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
AUG (1 time)
2021 A comparison of augmented feedback and didactic training approaches to reduce spine motion during occupational lifting tasks.
87  didactic approach
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
BL (1 time)
EBM (1 time)
2013 Adopting a blended learning approach to teaching evidence based medicine: a mixed methods study.
88  Didanosine
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
MN (1 time)
2006 In vitro mutagenicity studies of the antiretrovirals AZT, Didanosine, and 3TC and a plant antiviral extract Secomet-V derived from the Trifollium species.
89  didox
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
DOX (1 time)
RES (1 time)
2016 Didox and resveratrol sensitize colorectal cancer cells to doxorubicin via activating apoptosis and ameliorating P-glycoprotein activity.
90  died in department
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CMOP (1 time)
ED (1 time)
NH (1 time)
2020 Nursing home patients and Emergency Department attendance in a single urban Irish catchment area: an observational study surrounding the introduction of a community medicine for older person service.
91  died of intercurrent disease
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
BOT (1 time)
CEA (1 time)
DOD (1 time)
2000 [The clinical features and management of borderline ovarian tumors].
92  difference in FDI-inflows pre-/post-ratification
(1 time)
World Health
(1 time)
FDI (1 time)
FTAs (1 time)
2016 Trade and investment liberalization, food systems change and highly processed food consumption: a natural experiment contrasting the soft-drink markets of Peru and Bolivia.
93  difference in internal dimensions
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
PT (1 time)
2015 Measurement of internal diameter changes and pulse wave velocity in fetal descending aorta using the ultrasonic phased-tracking method in normal and growth-restricted fetuses.
94  difference in per capita sugar from soft-drinks pre-/post enforcement
(1 time)
World Health
(1 time)
FDI (1 time)
FTAs (1 time)
2016 Trade and investment liberalization, food systems change and highly processed food consumption: a natural experiment contrasting the soft-drink markets of Peru and Bolivia.
95  differences in desmosine, isodesmosine
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
--- 1993 Alteration of elastin in aorta from diabetics.
96  differential-intellectual-development
(1 time)
Vital Statistics
(1 time)
ID (1 time)
SIS (1 time)
1977 The construction and utility of three indexes of intellectual achievement: an intellectual-development (ID) index a socio-intellectual-status (SIS) index a differential-intellectual-development (DID) index U.S. children and youths, 6-17 years.
97  DIME interacting domain
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 2018 MICU1 Interacts with the D-Ring of the MCU Pore to Control Its Ca2+ Flux and Sensitivity to Ru360.
98  dimerization of two short amino acid sequence motifs
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
Dyn2 (1 time)
2014 Utilizing the Dyn2 dimerization-zipper as a tool to probe NPC structure and function.
99  diphasic dyskinesia
(1 time)
Brain Diseases
(1 time)
APD (1 time)
2021 Management Challenges of Severe, Complex Dyskinesia. Data from a Large Cohort of Patients Treated with Levodopa-Carbidopa Intestinal Gel for Advanced Parkinson's Disease.
100  Direct Intervention Double
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ANCOVA (1 time)
AVD (1 time)
AVS (1 time)
2022 Enhancing adherence and management in patients with hypertension: Impact of form and frequency of knowledge intervention.