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Abbreviation: DNR
Appearance Frequency: 1950 time(s)
Long forms: 106

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
do-not-resuscitate
(902 times)
Medicine
(114 times)
CPR (116 times)
ICU (48 times)
CI (40 times)
1985 'Do not resuscitate' orders. Incidence and implications in a medical-intensive care unit.
daunorubicin
(812 times)
Neoplasms
(286 times)
AML (163 times)
MDR (116 times)
P-gp (103 times)
1976 [Results in the treatment of acute leukemias at the Internal Clinic B in the period 1970-1975].
dose nonuniformity ratio
(27 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
DHI (13 times)
COIN (11 times)
CI (10 times)
1991 Quantitative assessment of interstitial implants.
do not resuscitate order
(23 times)
Emergency Medicine
(3 times)
CPR (6 times)
CI (3 times)
OR (2 times)
1990 The terminal quality of life and passive or active euthanasia.
digital noise reduction
(20 times)
Audiology
(14 times)
ANL (4 times)
SNR (4 times)
d-mics (2 times)
2005 Sound quality measures for speech in noise through a commercial hearing aid implementing digital noise reduction.
diabetes without retinopathy
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
DR (6 times)
PDR (5 times)
NPDR (4 times)
1982 Retinal vascular reactivity to norepinephrine and angiotensin II in normals and diabetics.
delayed neurocognitive recovery
(7 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
FC (3 times)
CI (2 times)
MAP (2 times)
2019 BIS index monitoring and perioperative neurocognitive disorders in older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
denitrification rate
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
PHA (2 times)
AGB (1 time)
AOR (1 time)
2005 Enhanced post-denitrification without addition of an external carbon source in membrane bioreactors.
dissimilative nitrate respiration regulator
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
NO (4 times)
CRP (1 time)
CRP-FNR (1 time)
2008 NO sensing in Pseudomonas aeruginosa: structure of the transcriptional regulator DNR.
10  dome-to-neck ratio
(6 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
2D DSA (1 time)
3D CTA (1 time)
3DRA (1 time)
2011 Clinical and multidetector CT follow-up results of renal artery aneurysms treated by detachable coil embolization using 3D rotational angiography.
11  diabetic no retinopathy
(4 times)
Science
(1 time)
DR (3 times)
ACE (2 times)
OR (2 times)
2002 Inducible nitric oxide synthase gene and diabetic retinopathy in Asian Indian patients.
12  daunorubicin hydrochloride
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
Bis-ANS (1 time)
DOX (1 time)
PBA (1 time)
1981 The influence of daunorubicin hydrochloride (DNR) on the cardiac output in rabbits.
13  Department of Natural Resources
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
DHS (1 time)
GLRI (1 time)
PM10 (1 time)
2001 Ozone and particulate matter air pollution in Wisconsin: trends and estimates of health effects.
14  diffusion-to-noise ratio
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
DTI (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
DW (1 time)
1997 Optimised diffusion-weighting for measurement of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in human brain.
15  dissimilatory nitrate reduction
(3 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
DNRA (2 times)
C/N (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
2020 Dissimilatory Nitrate Reduction to Ammonium (DNRA) and Denitrification Pathways Are Leveraged by Cyclic AMP Receptor Protein (CRP) Paralogues Based on Electron Donor/Acceptor Limitation in Shewanella loihica PV-4.
16  dose nonuniformity index
(3 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CI (3 times)
DHI (2 times)
IPSA (2 times)
2014 First clinical implementation of the Capri applicator.
17  Daily Nutritional Ration
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
MAMC (1 time)
2005 The protein participation in daily diet and nutritional status of medical students in Krakow.
18  Danish national registries
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
AEDs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CPRD (1 time)
2016 Impact of varying outcomes and definitions of suicidality on the associations of antiepileptic drugs and suicidality: comparisons from UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) and Danish national registries (DNR).
19  Danish Nephrology Registry
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
DDD (1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
RAS (1 time)
2012 Reduced incidence of end stage renal disease among the elderly in Denmark: an observational study.
20  decision not to resuscitate
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BD (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
PICU (1 time)
2002 [Modes of death in the PICU of a tertiary care hospital].
21  delayed nociceptive response
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CWS (2 times)
1996 Delayed nociceptive response following cold-water swim in the formalin test: possible mechanisms of action.
22  diabetes nephropathy and retinopathy
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
BMOG (1 time)
HCs (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2019 BRAIN FUNCTION ALTERATIONS IN PATIENTS WITH DIABETIC NEPHROPATHY COMPLICATED BY RETINOPATHY UNDER RESTING STATE CONDITIONS ASSESSED BY VOXEL-MIRRORED HOMOTOPIC CONNECTIVITY.
23  diabetic patients without retinopathy
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
DR (2 times)
CT (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2003 Z-2 aldose reductase allele and diabetic retinopathy in India.
24  diagnosis not reached
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
SOPs (1 time)
VIDA (1 time)
2020 Risk factor analysis for "diagnosis not reached" results from bovine samples submitted to British veterinary laboratories in 2013-2017.
25  DiNucleotide Repeat
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
DHFR (1 time)
mTOR (1 time)
UTR (1 time)
2006 Discrete functional elements required for initiation activity of the Chinese hamster dihydrofolate reductase origin beta at ectopic chromosomal sites.
26  Dioscoreae Nipponicae Rhizoma
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DHR (1 time)
DR (1 time)
DSR (1 time)
2015 Comparative analysis of steroidal saponins in four Dioscoreae herbs by high performance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry.
27  Do not attempt resuscitation
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
POLST (2 times)
CPR (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2014 Physician orders for life-sustaining treatment (POLST): lessons learned from analysis of the Oregon POLST Registry.
28  Do-Not-Resuscitation
(2 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
NS-ICU (1 time)
QI (1 time)
2008 [The subjectivity of attitudes toward life support care].
29  dominant-negative mutant type II TGF-beta receptor
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
IL-8 (1 time)
TGF (1 time)
TGF-beta (1 time)
1999 Loss of responsiveness to transforming growth factor beta induces malignant transformation of nontumorigenic rat prostate epithelial cells.
30  dominant-negative receptor
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
3BD CAR (1 time)
BMP (1 time)
bNAb-based CAR-T (1 time)
1999 BMP regulates vegetal pole induction centres in early xenopus development.
31  dormant native range
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
CON (2 times)
2013 Effect of rate of body weight gain of steers during the stocker phase. II. Visceral organ mass and body composition of growing-finishing beef cattle.
32  dorsal nucleus of the raphe
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
SN (2 times)
GP (1 time)
HRP (1 time)
1981 Afferent projections to the caudal part of the dorsal nucleus of the raphe in cats.
33  double null recessive
(2 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
HI (1 time)
2008 Mean time to resolution of gene duplication.
34  doxorubicin
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
AML (2 times)
ATRA (1 time)
CMML (1 time)
2000 Regulation of drug sensitivity by ribosomal protein S3a.
35  Drug name recognition
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
CCE (1 time)
RNNs (1 time)
2015 Feature engineering for drug name recognition in biomedical texts: feature conjunction and feature selection.
36  drug resistance to daunorubicin
(2 times)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
CsA (2 times)
ADM (1 time)
DOX (1 time)
1997 [The relationship between multi-drug resistance gene expression and drug resistance of ovarian carcinoma].
37  dynamic neutron radiography
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
--- 2004 Analyzing of segregation in mixtures of 3-methylpyridine and heavy water by dynamic neutron radiography.
38  2,4-dinitrosoresorcinol
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
TMB (1 time)
2002 [Peroxidase-catalyzed oxidation of 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine in the presence of 2,4-dinitrosoresorcinol and polydisulfide derivatives of resorcinol and 2,4-dinitrosoresorcinol].
39  copolymer-daunorubicin
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DOX (1 time)
HPMA (1 time)
1991 N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide copolymers targeted to the hepatocyte galactose-receptor: pharmacokinetics in DBA2 mice.
40  DAC-7 regimen: daunorubicine
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
LFS (1 time)
2004 Addition of cladribine to daunorubicin and cytarabine increases complete remission rate after a single course of induction treatment in acute myeloid leukemia. Multicenter, phase III study.
41  Daewoo nutrient removal
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MPCA (1 time)
NNs (1 time)
WWTPs (1 time)
2009 A systematic approach to data-driven modeling and soft sensing in a full-scale plant.
42  Daily nitrogen retention
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
DM (1 time)
EBG (1 time)
2016 Requirements of protein for maintenance and growth in ram hair lambs.
43  database includes the total reference population
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
DOAC (1 time)
2019 Incidence of direct oral anticoagulant use in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation and characteristics of users in 6 European countries (2008-2015): A cross-national drug utilization study.
44  daunorubicin group
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
SF (2 times)
cTnI (1 time)
LVEDP (1 time)
2015 [Sodium ferulate protects against daunorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity in juvenile rats].
45  daunorubicin resistant Ehrlich ascites tumor cells
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
P-gp (1 time)
2002 Downregulation of taurine uptake in multidrug resistant Ehrlich ascites tumor cells.
46  day of admission a 'do not resuscitate
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 1993 Opening ethical doors.
47  DCLHb, blood, lactated Ringer's solution, albumin, or nothing
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
DCLHb (1 time)
1996 Diaspirin cross-linked hemoglobin is efficacious in gut resuscitation as measured by a GI tract optode.
48  deep-learning for neuron reconstruction
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CNNs (1 time)
SPE (1 time)
2021 Deep-Learning Based Automated Neuron Reconstruction from 3D Microscopy Images Using Synthetic Training Images.
49  dehydrated nanoribbon
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2009 Structural-dependent photoactivities of TiO(2) nanoribbon for visible-light-induced H(2) evolution: the roles of nanocavities and alternate structures.
50  delayed nasal response to allergen challenge
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BDA (1 time)
DDNR (1 time)
DLDNR (1 time)
1984 The effects of disodium cromoglycate (DSCG) and beclomethasone dipropionate (BDA) on the delayed nasal mucosa response to allergen challenge.
51  delayed nasal responses
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BDA (1 time)
DDNR (1 time)
DLDNR (1 time)
1984 The effects of disodium cromoglycate (DSCG) and beclomethasone dipropionate (BDA) on the delayed nasal mucosa response to allergen challenge.
52  delayed nerve repair
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
DRG (1 time)
ENR (1 time)
FB (1 time)
2005 The effects of delayed nerve repair on neuronal survival and axonal regeneration after seventh cervical spinal nerve axotomy in adult rats.
53  demonstrated comparable degrees of cross-resistance to daunomycin
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ADR (1 time)
1983 Comparison of anthracycline concentrations in S180 cell lines of varying sensitivity.
54  dendritic neural regression
(1 time)
ML (1 time)
RNNs (1 time)
SFSMS (1 time)
2021 Transmission trend of the COVID-19 pandemic predicted by dendritic neural regression.
55  designate a 'do not resuscitate
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
2011 Link between decisions regarding resuscitation and preferences for quality over length of life with heart failure.
56  diabetic subjects with no retinopathy
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CMT (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2020 Visual contrast sensitivity could be an early marker of diabetic retinopathy.
57  diagnosis could not be reached
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
VLA (1 time)
2011 Use of spatiotemporal analysis of laboratory submission data to identify potential outbreaks of new or emerging diseases in cattle in Great Britain.
58  diamane nanoribbon
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
BGNR (1 time)
MD (1 time)
2021 A molecular dynamics simulation on the atomic mass sensor made of monolayer diamond.
59  differential negative reinforcement
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 1995 Effects of differential negative reinforcement on disruption and compliance.
60  dihydronicotinamide riboside
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
NA (1 time)
NAD (1 time)
NAM (1 time)
2021 Precursor comparisons for the upregulation of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide. Novel approaches for better aging.
61  Dinghushan Nature Reserve
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MEBF (1 time)
2006 [Quantitative relationships of intra- and interspecific competition in Cryptocarya concinna].
62  dinucleotide repeat element
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
BEND (1 time)
DHFR (1 time)
ORC (1 time)
2015 HsOrc4-Dependent Dna Remodeling of the ori-beta Dhfr Replicator.
63  Dirac nodal ring
(1 time)
DBS (1 time)
DNLS (1 time)
2021 Double-bowl state in photonic Dirac nodal line semimetal.
64  disc nucleus replacement
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
BN (1 time)
2017 Biomechanical function of a balloon nucleus pulposus replacement system: A human cadaveric spine study.
65  discover who had 'Do Not Resuscitate
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 1997 'Do not resuscitate': How? why? and when?
66  disordered N-terminal region
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AMP (1 time)
2018 Structural and biochemical characterization of the type-II LOG protein from Streptomyces coelicolor A3.
67  displacement without reduction
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
DWR (1 time)
1991 Success of temporomandibular joint arthroscopy in disk displacement with and without reduction.
68  displacement-to-noise ratio
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
GRE (1 time)
MRE (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2018 Analysis and improvement of motion encoding in magnetic resonance elastography.
69  dissemination: Ethical approval
(1 time)
Athletic Performance
(1 time)
--- 2018 Study protocol of a 52-week Prospective Running INjury study in Gothenburg (SPRING).
70  dissimilative nitrate respiration regulator that responds to nitrogen species
(1 time)
CRP/FNR (1 time)
MAGs (1 time)
NnrR (1 time)
2021 Exploring the Meta-regulon of the CRP/FNR Family of Global Transcriptional Regulators in a Partial-Nitritation Anammox Microbiome.
71  distal nerve repair
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
SSI (1 time)
2015 Comparison of a distal end-to-side neurorrhaphy with a proximal-distal end-to-side neurorrhaphy: in a rat model.
72  distortion signal-to-noise ratio
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
--- 1998 Double-evoked otoacoustic emissions. II. Intermittent noise rejection, calibration and ear-canal measurements.
73  distribution network reconfiguration
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
NR (1 time)
PDS (1 time)
RDS (1 time)
2020 Optimal network reconfiguration for power loss minimization and voltage profile enhancement in distribution systems.
74  District Network Return
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
MTS (1 time)
NWAU (1 time)
SCIU (1 time)
2020 Gap in funding for specialist hospitals treating patients with traumatic spinal cord injury under an activity-based funding model in New South Wales, Australia.
75  DN and retinopathy
(1 time)
Endocrine System Diseases
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
BP (1 time)
DC (1 time)
2019 Evidence of altered brain network centrality in patients with diabetic nephropathy and retinopathy: an fMRI study using a voxel-wise degree centrality approach.
76  DNA nano-ring
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
DNRA-DOX (1 time)
2017 Aptamer-conjugated DNA nano-ring as the carrier of drug molecules.
77  DNA numeric representations
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
GSP (1 time)
2017 On DNA numerical representations for genomic similarity computation.
78  do not attempt resuscitation orders
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
NICUs (1 time)
2019 Center, Gestational Age, and Race Impact End-of-Life Care Practices at Regional Neonatal Intensive Care Units.
79  do not resuscitate decision
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2016 [Decision about DNR for a palliative patient - do I dare to bring up the subject?].
80  do not return
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 2012 Prevention and management of "do not return" notices: a quality improvement process for supplemental staffing nursing agencies.
81  do-not resuscitate directives
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
CPR (1 time)
DNH (1 time)
2007 [Decision-making factors regarding resuscitate and hospitalize orders by families of elderly persons on admission to a Japanese long-term care hospital].
82  Do-not to resuscitate
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2014 Care of terminally-ill patients: an opinion survey among critical care healthcare providers in the Middle East.
83  DOC-salt treated but normotensive controls
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
DHR (1 time)
DOC (1 time)
NE (1 time)
1984 On the abnormalities of contractile responses of rat vasa deferentia to norepinephrine in genetic hypertension.
84  DOCA-NaCl hypertensive rats
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
NR (1 time)
PRA (1 time)
RHR (1 time)
1987 Antihypertensive effects of nisoldipine and reference drugs in certain types of hypertensive rats.
85  doctors make 'Do not resuscitate
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 1993 'Do not resuscitate' guidance clarified.
86  documentation when compared with the 'do not resuscitate
(1 time)
Quality Assurance, Health Care
(1 time)
ACP (1 time)
MOST (1 time)
VIHA (1 time)
2019 Improving hospital-based communication and decision-making about scope of treatment using a standard documentation tool.
87  dome/neck ratio
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
EVT (1 time)
mRS (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2021 Endovascular Therapy Versus Microsurgical Clipping of Ruptured Wide Neck Aneurysms (EVERRUN Registry): a multicenter, prospective propensity score analysis.
88  dominant-negative mutant receptor
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
TGF-beta (1 time)
1997 Expression of a dominant-negative mutant TGF-beta type II receptor in transgenic mice reveals essential roles for TGF-beta in regulation of growth and differentiation in the exocrine pancreas.
89  dominant-negative REST
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CaRF (1 time)
GAERS (1 time)
NEC (1 time)
2018 Regulatory Architecture of the Neuronal Cacng2/Tarpγ2 Gene Promoter: Multiple Repressive Domains, a Polymorphic Regulatory Short Tandem Repeat, and Bidirectional Organization with Co-regulated lncRNAs.
90  dominant-negative TGFbeta type II receptor
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CTLs (1 time)
EBV (1 time)
GFP (1 time)
2006 Assessing the safety of cytotoxic T lymphocytes transduced with a dominant negative transforming growth factor-beta receptor.
91  Donald N. Ross
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AVR (1 time)
PVA (1 time)
RVOT (1 time)
1988 The Ross operation: the autologous pulmonary valve in the aortic position.
92  donaurubicin
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
6-MP (1 time)
ADM (1 time)
CR (1 time)
1982 [Treatment of acute myeloid leukemia with a protocol combining intensive induction chemotherapy, early consolidation treatment, splenectomy and long-term maintenance chemotherapy. Preliminary study].
93  dorsal nerve relocation
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
DN (1 time)
2020 Comparative Analysis of Dorsal Nerve Relocation versus Dorsal Neurectomy in the Surgical Management of Morton's Neuroma.
94  dorsal raphe nucleus
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2016 [EXPRESSION OF SEROTONIN TRANSPORTER IN THE DORSAL RAPHE NUCLEUS DURING THE EARLY POSTNATAL PERIOD IN NORMAL STATE AND UNDER PRENATAL DEFICIENCY OF THE SEROTONERGIC SYSTEM IN RATS].
95  double Newton-Raphson step
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2013 Conical Intersection Optimization Based on a Double Newton-Raphson Algorithm Using Composed Steps.
96  dronedarone hydrochloride
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
API (1 time)
PEG (1 time)
PVA (1 time)
2019 Preparation of Filaments and the 3D Printing of Dronedarone HCl Tablets for Treating Cardiac Arrhythmias.
97  dual responses
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
LNR (2 times)
BDA (1 time)
DSCG (1 time)
1982 The effects of disodium cromoglycate and beclomethasone dipropionate on the late nasal mucosa response to allergen challenge.
98  dual-negative-refraction
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Dual-negative-refraction and imaging effects in normal two-dimensional photonic crystals with hexagonal lattices.
99  dynamic range
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
dB (1 time)
SNR (1 time)
2017 Determination of background, signal-to-noise, and dynamic range of a flow cytometer: A novel practical method for instrument characterization and standardization.
100  dynamic range ratio
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
PSDAVLL (1 time)
SSFLC (1 time)
2015 Polarization switching detection method using a ferroelectric liquid crystal for dichroic atomic vapor laser lock frequency stabilization techniques.