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Abbreviation: DO
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Long forms: 386

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
dissolved oxygen
(2824 times)
Environmental Health
(1639 times)
COD (231 times)
TN (214 times)
TP (163 times)
1963 [POLAROGRAPHIC DETERMINATION OF THE DISSOLVED OXYGEN (DO) IN WATERS].
distraction osteogenesis
(585 times)
Dentistry
(290 times)
TMJ (29 times)
RED (22 times)
CLP (20 times)
1996 The impact of total enteral nutrition on distraction osteogenesis in a rat model.
detrusor overactivity
(531 times)
Urology
(313 times)
OAB (127 times)
LUTS (65 times)
BOO (54 times)
1999 Predictability of urodynamic findings based on the Urogenital Distress Inventory-6 questionnaire.
days open
(74 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(54 times)
CI (18 times)
AFC (13 times)
DFS (5 times)
2003 Postpartum reproductive function: association with energy, metabolic and endocrine status in high yielding dairy cows.
Disease Ontology
(66 times)
Medical Informatics
(13 times)
GO (32 times)
KEGG (25 times)
DEGs (19 times)
2009 From disease ontology to disease-ontology lite: statistical methods to adapt a general-purpose ontology for the test of gene-ontology associations.
denuded oocytes
(64 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(37 times)
CEO (25 times)
COC (16 times)
GV (11 times)
1991 Metabolic coupling and ligand-stimulated meiotic maturation in the mouse oocyte-cumulus cell complex.
dissolved oxygen concentration
(60 times)
Biotechnology
(28 times)
SND (4 times)
AOB (2 times)
MBBR (2 times)
1983 Influence of oxygen on the growth of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in continuous culture.
Diversity Outbred
(58 times)
Genetics
(21 times)
CC (10 times)
QTL (10 times)
TB (4 times)
2012 The Diversity Outbred mouse population.
direct observation
(42 times)
Sports Medicine
(9 times)
AG (5 times)
AP (3 times)
HH (3 times)
1998 Randomised controlled trial of self-supervised and directly observed treatment of tuberculosis.
10  doctor of osteopathic medicine
(28 times)
Osteopathic Medicine
(4 times)
MD (13 times)
PA (5 times)
AOA (4 times)
2003 Relations between academic performance by medical students and COMLEX-USA Level 2: a multisite analysis.
11  dural ossification
(24 times)
Orthopedics
(8 times)
CSF (5 times)
OLF (5 times)
CT (3 times)
2005 Surgery for dural ossification in association with cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament via an anterior approach.
12  Dansgaard-Oeschger
(23 times)
Science
(13 times)
BP (1 time)
EEMD (1 time)
EWS (1 time)
2007 PALEOCLIMATE: Glacial Climate Instability.
13  HLA-DO
(21 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(12 times)
DM (16 times)
MHCII (4 times)
CLIP (3 times)
1996 HLA-DO is a lysosomal resident which requires association with HLA-DM for efficient intracellular transport.
14  degree of oxidation
(17 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
TEMPO (3 times)
CHX (2 times)
FTIR (2 times)
2004 Preparation of cellouronic acids and partially acetylated cellouronic acids by TEMPO/NaClO oxidation of water-soluble cellulose acetate.
15  diesel oil
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
BaPeq (1 time)
BCF (1 time)
CB (1 time)
2004 Biodegradation of hydrocarbon cuts used for diesel oil formulation.
16  diet only
(14 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
DA (5 times)
BMI (3 times)
DE (3 times)
1989 Effects of cardiac stress during a very-low-calorie diet and exercise program in obese women.
17  duodenal obstruction
(13 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
CMA (2 times)
CNVs (2 times)
AAAs (1 time)
2000 Congenital duodenal obstruction: early antenatal ultrasound diagnosis.
18  denomination of origin
(11 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
OTA (2 times)
ANN (1 time)
ASE (1 time)
2003 Analysis of arsenic, lead and cadmium in wines from the Canary Islands, Spain, by ICP/MS.
19  disturbance observer
(11 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(8 times)
3-L NPC (1 time)
ACDRC (1 time)
ADRC (1 time)
2015 Disturbance observer based fault estimation and dynamic output feedback fault tolerant control for fuzzy systems with local nonlinear models.
20  double-object
(11 times)
Psychology
(8 times)
PO (10 times)
ACC (1 time)
Equi (1 time)
2007 Long-term structural priming affects subsequent patterns of language production.
21  diolein
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
PKC (6 times)
PS (4 times)
MO (2 times)
1986 Retinoid effect on calcium, phospholipid-dependent protein kinase from mouse skin.
22  dispositional optimism
(10 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
LOT-R (4 times)
PD (3 times)
HRQoL (2 times)
2001 A prospective investigation of dispositional optimism as a predictor of health-related quality of life in head and neck cancer patients.
23  dropout
(10 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
AN (1 time)
ART (1 time)
1992 Characteristics of women performing strength training: comparison of participants and dropouts.
24  Dendrobium officinale
(9 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
NO (2 times)
TC (2 times)
ACHSFDs (1 time)
2015 Similarity Evaluation of Different Origins and Species of Dendrobiums by GC-MS and FTIR Analysis of Polysaccharides.
25  Double-Ovsynch
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
P/AI (5 times)
TAI (5 times)
PO (4 times)
2012 Effects of presynchronization and length of proestrus on fertility of grazing dairy cows subjected to a 5-day timed artificial insemination protocol.
26  direct ophthalmoscopy
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
OSCE (2 times)
AO (1 time)
AV (1 time)
2011 Objectives of teaching direct ophthalmoscopy to medical students.
27  direct optimization
(8 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
IA (1 time)
LWR (1 time)
ML (1 time)
2003 Implied alignment: a synapomorphy-based multiple-sequence alignment method and its use in cladogram search.
28  1,4-dioxane
(7 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
CMC (2 times)
DEHP (2 times)
APTES (1 time)
2007 Enhanced electrophoretic resolution of monosulfate glycosaminoglycan disaccharide isomers on poly(methyl methacrylate) chips.
29  Dalbergia odorifera
(7 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
SM (4 times)
CCM (1 time)
DA (1 time)
1997 [A study on the quality of various species of Dalbergia].
30  direct object
(7 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(3 times)
SLI (3 times)
SC (2 times)
TLD (2 times)
2005 Testing the role of semantic similarity in syntactic development.
31  Document Ontology
(7 times)
Medical Informatics
(6 times)
ABMS (1 time)
BERT (1 time)
EHRs (1 time)
2006 Document ontology: supporting narrative documents in electronic health records.
32  dopamine
(7 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
NE (3 times)
DOPAC (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1983 Determination of catecholamines in rat tissue by precolumn dansylation using micro high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection.
33  doxycycline
(7 times)
Stomatognathic Diseases
(1 time)
CIP (2 times)
AAM (1 time)
Ah (1 time)
2016 Tetracyclines-induced phenotype and resistance mechanism in Aeromonas hydrophila
34  destructive overdependence
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
DD (5 times)
HD (5 times)
RPT (3 times)
2004 Construct validity of the relationship profile test: impact of gender, gender role, and gender role stereotype.
35  Disperse Orange
(6 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
DB (3 times)
DR (2 times)
PPD (2 times)
2005 Degenerate two-photon absorption spectra in azoaromatic compounds.
36  dissolved oxygen level
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
ASR (1 time)
BDO (1 time)
BMCML (1 time)
1996 Characterization of an oxygen-dependent inducible promoter system, the nar promoter, and Escherichia coli with an inactivated nar operon.
37  deoxygenation
(5 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
PFAC (2 times)
DCO (1 time)
deCOx (1 time)
1995 Inhibition of deoxygenation-induced membrane protein dephosphorylation and cell dehydration by phorbol esters and okadaic acid in sickle cells.
38  diabetic osteoporosis
(5 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
CG (1 time)
CON (1 time)
2016 MiR-132 regulates osteogenic differentiation via downregulating Sirtuin1 in a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor beta/delta-dependent manner.
39  doctor of osteopathy
(5 times)
Urology
(1 time)
ACGME (1 time)
AOA (1 time)
COMs (1 time)
2006 Family medicine's search for manpower: the American Osteopathic Association accreditation option.
40  dopa oxidase
(5 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
TH (4 times)
2SCD (1 time)
5-S-CD (1 time)
1986 Dopa oxidase activity in human hair bulbs measured by high-performance liquid chromatography.
41  dry-off
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
IMI (2 times)
A, D, E (1 time)
AOP (1 time)
2007 Metabolism and udder health at dry-off in cows of different breeds and production levels.
42  duration of operation
(5 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
WI (2 times)
3TA (1 time)
AA (1 time)
2015 Experiences with LESS-appendectomy in Children.
43  dendritic organ
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
NKA (3 times)
BW (2 times)
IHC (2 times)
2018 Osmoregulation in the Plotosidae Catfish: Role of the Salt Secreting Dendritic Organ.
44  descending octaval nucleus
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
RF (2 times)
SO (2 times)
HRP (1 time)
1999 Sonic motor nucleus and its connections with octaval and lateral line nuclei of the medulla in a rockfish, Sebastiscus marmoratus.
45  deuterium oxide
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
aOR (1 time)
BF (1 time)
BIS (1 time)
2015 In vivo prediction of goat kids body composition from the deuterium oxide dilution space determined by isotope-ratio mass spectrometry.
46  dimensional overlap
(4 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
S-R (2 times)
S-S (2 times)
IO (1 time)
1999 Stimulus-response compatibility effects in go-no-go tasks: a dimensional overlap account.
47  dioleoylglycerol
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
DMPC (2 times)
DMPS (2 times)
DSC (2 times)
1990 Activation of protein kinase C by myristate and its requirements of Ca2+ and phospholipid.
48  dioxirane
(4 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
DMDO (2 times)
SE (2 times)
DFDO (1 time)
2001 Are peroxyformic acid and dioxirane electrophilic or nucleophilic oxidants?
49  discrete ordinate
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CFD (1 time)
DPM (1 time)
HG (1 time)
2014 Numerical study of entropy generation due to coupled laminar and turbulent mixed convection and thermal radiation in an enclosure filled with a semitransparent medium.
50  dizziness only
(4 times)
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
(1 time)
BSI (2 times)
CBT (2 times)
DHI (2 times)
2017 Mental body transformation deficits in patients with chronic balance disorders.
51  DNA origami
(4 times)
Miniaturization
(2 times)
ssDNA (1 time)
SWCNTs (1 time)
2013 Site-specific immobilization of single-walled carbon nanotubes onto single and one-dimensional DNA origami.
52  Dombrock
(4 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
BGG (1 time)
DI (1 time)
GYPC (1 time)
1991 Distinction of the glycophorin C locus from the Diego, Dombrock and Yt blood group loci.
53  double-opponent
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
HVS (2 times)
DOCC (1 time)
DOG (1 time)
2015 Boundary detection using double-opponency and spatial sparseness constraint.
54  dysthyroid ophthalmopathy
(4 times)
Optometry
(1 time)
MRI (1 time)
1993 Sagittal magnetic resonance imaging of dysthyroid ophthalmopathy.
55  Daniellia oliveri
(3 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
AS (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2016 Effects of supplementation of threshed sorghum top with selected browse plant foliage on haematology and serum biochemical parameters of Red Sokoto goats.
56  degrees of obesity
(3 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
DOI (1 time)
MRs (1 time)
2011 [Comparison in weight, height, degree of obesity and body mass index among different methods for body shape classification in school-age children].
57  densitometry
(3 times)
Urology
(3 times)
CAT (1 time)
CT (1 time)
LAS (1 time)
1993 [The usefulness of dual-energy radiographic densitometry (DO) in establishing the composition of calculi].
58  dextrorphan
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
DM (3 times)
CYP2D6 (1 time)
EAA (1 time)
1991 Induction of phencyclidine-like behavior in rats by dextrorphan but not dextromethorphan.
59  dialysate outlet
(3 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
CVVHD (2 times)
1993 Pharmacokinetics of vancomycin during continuous hemodiafiltration.
60  diamond
(3 times)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
RD (3 times)
CFD (1 time)
DMEM (1 time)
2019 Evaluation and Prediction of Mass Transport Properties for Porous Implant with Different Unit Cells: A Numerical Study.
61  diet alone
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
AT (2 times)
DA (2 times)
D-PA (1 time)
1999 Effects of aerobic or resistance exercise and/or diet on glucose tolerance and plasma insulin levels in obese men.
62  disease onset
(3 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
MS (2 times)
APOE (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2009 Changes in cytokine profile pre- and post-immunosuppression in acquired aplastic anemia.
63  dissolved oxygen content
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
BOD (1 time)
COD (1 time)
DDD (1 time)
2007 Quality characteristics and safety of smoke-flavoured water.
64  distal occlusal
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
MO (2 times)
CST (1 time)
OST (1 time)
2003 Comparison of microleakage on one composite etched with phosphoric acid or a combination of phosphoric and hydrofluoric acids and bonded with several different systems.
65  DO group
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
IA (2 times)
AOFAS (1 time)
eNOS (1 time)
2019 Effects of a combination of herbal extracts (modified Ojayeonjonghwan (Wuzi Yanzong wan)) on partial urethral obstruction-induced detrusor overactivity in rats: impact on the nitric oxide pathway and oxidative stress.
66  dominant
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
ND (2 times)
AD-SoS (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
1996 Ultrasound velocity changes at the proximal phalanxes of the hand in pre-, peri- and postmenopausal women.
67  Dominican Republic
(3 times)
Botany
(1 time)
TYLCV (3 times)
CP (1 time)
JMV (1 time)
2001 Introduction of the Exotic Tomato yellow leaf curl virus-Israel in Tomato to Puerto Rico.
68  donepezil
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
CUR (1 time)
ICV-STZ (1 time)
2017 Recipient treatment with acetylcholinesterase inhibitor donepezil attenuates primary graft failure in rats through inhibiting post-transplantational donor heart ischaemia/reperfusion injury.
69  Dorr-Oliver
(3 times)
Occupational Medicine
(2 times)
BMRC (1 time)
HD (1 time)
ISO (1 time)
2009 A revised conversion factor relating respirable dust concentrations measured by 10 mm Dorr-Oliver nylon cyclones operated at 1.7 and 2.0 L min(-1).
70  dorsal organ
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
TO (2 times)
AMC (1 time)
AN (1 time)
1999 Smell and taste perception in Drosophila melanogaster larva: toxin expression studies in chemosensory neurons.
71  double-on
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CF-FM (3 times)
SO (3 times)
BWs (1 time)
2015 Post-spike hyperpolarization participates in the formation of auditory behavior-related response patterns of inferior collicular neurons in Hipposideros pratti.
72  Drude oscillator
(3 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
QM/MM (3 times)
BP (1 time)
GSBP (1 time)
2012 Solvent Boundary Potentials for Hybrid QM/MM Computations Using Classical Drude Oscillators: A Fully Polarizable Model.
73  drug overdose
(3 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
LCP (1 time)
OP (1 time)
2012 Patterns of poisoning and drug overdosage and their outcome among in-patients admitted to the emergency medicine department of a tertiary care hospital.
74  Dunhill operation
(3 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
BST (3 times)
MNG (2 times)
TT (2 times)
2010 Five-year follow-up of a randomized clinical trial of total thyroidectomy versus Dunhill operation versus bilateral subtotal thyroidectomy for multinodular nontoxic goiter.
75  duration of outbreak
(3 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
TAR (3 times)
AVC (1 time)
BI (1 time)
2014 Investigation of key interventions for shigellosis outbreak control in China.
76  daily-oral
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
HIV (1 time)
LAI (1 time)
PrEP (1 time)
2011 Pulse versus daily oral cyclophosphamide for induction of remission in ANCA-associated vasculitis: long-term follow-up.
77  day off
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
BPA (1 time)
DS (1 time)
NS (1 time)
2019 Temporal pattern of eating in night shift workers.
78  death obsession
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
--- 2020 [The relationship between death obsession and religiosity in Muslim nursing home non-demented residents in Tunisia].
79  deep orthography
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
IFG (1 time)
SO (1 time)
VWFA (1 time)
2012 Effect of lexical proficiency on reading strategies used for shallow and deep orthographies.
80  deep oscillation
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
BF (1 time)
CK (1 time)
DOMS (1 time)
2017 Effect of Physical Methods of Lymphatic Drainage on Postexercise Recovery of Mixed Martial Arts Athletes.
81  deep-frying oil
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
LGN (1 time)
RS (1 time)
SHR (1 time)
2009 Effects of deep-frying oil on blood pressure and oxidative stress in spontaneously hypertensive and normotensive rats.
82  degree of order
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
DD (1 time)
2003 N-acylated chitosan: hydrophobic matrices for controlled drug release.
83  degree of orientation
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
3D sSAXS (1 time)
2011 Nanostructural alteration in bone quantified in terms of orientation distribution of mineral crystals: a possible tool for fracture risk assessment.
84  delayed onset
(2 times)
Anthropology
(1 time)
AO (1 time)
DM (1 time)
EI (1 time)
1997 Sutural bone frequency in synostotic rabbit crania.
85  delayed operative
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AIS (1 time)
BHT (1 time)
ISS (1 time)
2008 Delayed celiotomy or laparoscopy as part of the nonoperative management of blunt hepatic trauma.
86  demarcated opacity
(2 times)
Military Medicine
(1 time)
MIH (2 times)
AR (1 time)
E-MIH (1 time)
2014 Distribution and characteristics of molar-incisor hypomineralization.
87  Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo
(2 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
DM (1 time)
DN (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
2017 Polysaccharides of Dendrobium officinale Kimura & Migo protect gastric mucosal cell against oxidative damage-induced apoptosis in vitro and in vivo.
88  depressive onset
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
MO (2 times)
MXO (1 time)
2006 Clinical correlates of first-episode polarity in bipolar disorder.
89  Dermatophytin O
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
PPD (2 times)
SK-SD (2 times)
BCG (1 time)
1973 In vitro correlates of delayed hypersensitivity in man: ambiguity of polymorphonuclear neutrophils as indicator cells in leukocyte migration test.
90  deterministic optimization
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
BC (1 time)
FE (1 time)
GA (1 time)
2019 Reliability-Based Design Optimization of a Cemented Prosthesis in a Femur Undergoing Bone Remodeling.
91  diabetic obese
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
NDO (1 time)
NO (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2010 Liver fat in obesity: role of type 2 diabetes mellitus and adipose tissue distribution.
92  diabetic offspring
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
L-Arg (2 times)
2007 The influence of L-arginine on blood pressure, vascular nitric oxide and renal morphometry in the offspring from diabetic mothers.
93  diameter of oocyte
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
FP (1 time)
IGS (1 time)
2004 [Effects of the dietary incorporation of carotenoid pigments on gonad development and oocyte maturity in females of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum, 1972)].
94  diastolic overloading
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
LV (2 times)
SO (2 times)
EDP (1 time)
1978 Isometric contraction and relaxation times of right and left ventricles in normal subjects and in patients with right ventricular overloading measured with bidirectional echocardiography.
95  differential outcomes
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CO (2 times)
fMRI (1 time)
LPPC (1 time)
2012 Short-term retrospective versus prospective memory processing as emergent properties of the mind and brain: human fMRI evidence.
96  dioleoyl
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DM (1 time)
DODGDG (1 time)
MD (1 time)
1986 Phase equilibria of membrane lipids from Acholeplasma laidlawii: importance of a single lipid forming nonlamellar phases.
97  Dioscorea opposita
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
AG (1 time)
CC (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2000 The ameliorating effects of the cognitive-enhancing Chinese herbs on scopolamine-induced amnesia in rats.
98  direct organogenesis
(2 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
BAP (1 time)
BB (1 time)
DSE (1 time)
2012 In vitro regeneration of Eucalyptus camaldulensis.
99  discitis-osteomyelitis
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
CG (1 time)
FG (1 time)
IDSA (1 time)
2020 MRI and clinical features of acute fungal discitis/osteomyelitis.
100  dispersed oil
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BAF (2 times)
PBCO (2 times)
WAF (2 times)
1998 Effects of Salinity and Temperature on the Bioavailability of Dispersed Petroleum Hydrocarbons to the Golden-Brown Algae, Isochrysis galbana