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Abbreviation: DU
Appearance Frequency: 1944 time(s)
Long forms: 165

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
duodenal ulcer
(761 times)
Gastroenterology
(367 times)
GU (201 times)
H. pylori (70 times)
HP (67 times)
1975 Increased sensitivity to stimulation of acid secretion by pentagastrin in duodenal ulcer.
depleted uranium
(325 times)
Environmental Health
(166 times)
ICP-MS (15 times)
Ta (9 times)
NU (7 times)
1998 Transformation of human osteoblast cells to the tumorigenic phenotype by depleted uranium-uranyl chloride.
detrusor underactivity
(136 times)
Urology
(56 times)
BOO (35 times)
LUTS (31 times)
DO (30 times)
2006 Null mutation in macrophage migration inhibitory factor prevents muscle cell loss and fibrosis in partial bladder outlet obstruction.
digital ulcers
(109 times)
Rheumatology
(62 times)
SSc (91 times)
RP (25 times)
PAH (12 times)
2006 Digital ulcers in patients with systemic sclerosis.
duplex ultrasonography
(65 times)
Vascular Diseases
(21 times)
RI (7 times)
PSV (5 times)
CEA (4 times)
1989 Emergency department use of hand-held Doppler ultrasonography.
duplex ultrasound
(59 times)
Vascular Diseases
(42 times)
DVT (9 times)
PSV (7 times)
CEA (5 times)
1989 Monitoring of renal allografts by duplex ultrasound.
drug users
(51 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(9 times)
HCV (10 times)
MSM (8 times)
FSW (7 times)
1994 Risk, protection, and vulnerability to adolescent drug use: latent-variable models of three age groups.
Doppler ultrasound
(49 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
AVF (9 times)
RI (6 times)
DVT (4 times)
1980 Diagnosing deep vein thrombosis by Doppler ultrasound and impedance plethysmography.
duodenal
(26 times)
Gastroenterology
(18 times)
GU (10 times)
PU (4 times)
NSAIDs (2 times)
1975 Pentagastrin dose-response in peptic ulcer disease.
10  Duroc
(26 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
LW (8 times)
LR (6 times)
PI (6 times)
1990 [Genetic behavioral aspects of agricultural animals].
11  densitometric units
(20 times)
Nephrology
(5 times)
Ang II (4 times)
BS/GS (3 times)
CRP (2 times)
1996 Reduction in circulating IGF-I and hepatic IGF-I mRNA levels after caecal ligation and puncture are associated with differential regulation of hepatic IGF-binding protein-1, -2 and -3 mRNA levels.
12  density units
(20 times)
Ophthalmology
(15 times)
MPOD (9 times)
MP (8 times)
MPD (4 times)
2002 Fundus photography for measurement of macular pigment density distribution in children.
13  duodenal ulcer patients
(19 times)
Gastroenterology
(14 times)
NUD (2 times)
BAO (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1977 [Gastrointestinal hormones. I. Hormones of the gastrin group].
14  duodenal ulcer disease
(12 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
BAO (3 times)
GU (2 times)
NUD (2 times)
1978 Food-stimulated acid secretion measured by intragastric titration with bicarbonate in patients with duodenal and gastric ulcer disease and in controls.
15  duodenum
(10 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
ST (4 times)
IL (3 times)
3DCRT (1 time)
1991 Pancreatoduodenal carcinoma: a clinicopathologic study of 304 patients and immunohistochemical observation for CEA and CA19-9.
16  Dobson units
(9 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
TOMS (3 times)
UVB (2 times)
AOH (1 time)
1996 Decadal evolution of the Antarctic ozone hole.
17  drug utilization
(9 times)
Drug Therapy
(3 times)
MURIA (2 times)
COPD (1 time)
DDD (1 time)
2003 [Antibiotics prescription in ambulatory patient].
18  decubitus ulcer
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CRI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
DALYs (1 time)
1988 Clinical trial of foam cushions in the prevention of decubitis ulcers in elderly patients.
19  diabetic ulcer
(6 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
ALA-PDT (1 time)
BP (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
2017 [Effect of Simiao Yong'an Decoction on the Expression of Wnt/p-catenin Signaling Pathway in Diabetic Ulcer Model Rats].
20  diazolidinyl urea
(6 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
IU (3 times)
AQ (1 time)
DM (1 time)
1989 Contact sensitivity to diazolidinyl urea (Germall II).
21  diuron
(6 times)
Membranes
(1 time)
IPU (1 time)
MIPs (1 time)
MWCNTs (1 time)
2020 Solid-State Membrane Sensors Based on Man-Tailored Biomimetic Receptors for Selective Recognition of Isoproturon and Diuron Herbicides.
22  dulaglutide
(6 times)
Diabetes Mellitus
(2 times)
GLP-1RA (2 times)
T2DM (2 times)
AEs (1 time)
2016 Efficacy and safety of dulaglutide in the treatment of type 2 diabetes: a comprehensive review of the dulaglutide clinical data focusing on the AWARD phase 3 clinical trial program.
23  dental unit
(5 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AU (1 time)
DUW (1 time)
DUWL (1 time)
1991 Influence of biofilms on microbial contamination in dental unit water.
24  degree of unsaturation
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ANN (1 time)
BPNN (1 time)
CN (1 time)
2014 Synergistic effect of optimizing light-emitting diode illumination quality and intensity to manipulate composition of fatty acid methyl esters from Nannochloropsis sp.
25  development units
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
SLIT (3 times)
AEs (2 times)
HDM (2 times)
2014 Tolerability during double-blind randomized phase I trials with the house dust mite allergy immunotherapy tablet in adults and children.
26  diabetic untreated
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
CTR (1 time)
DE (1 time)
DI (1 time)
1996 Glucagon response to hypoglycemia is improved by insulin-independent restoration of normoglycemia in diabetic rats.
27  dialysis units
(4 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
CKD (1 time)
CWT (1 time)
HD (1 time)
2002 Job-related stress among nursing personnel in Greek dialysis units.
28  digital ulceration
(4 times)
Rheumatic Diseases
(2 times)
SSc (3 times)
BM (1 time)
BT (1 time)
2016 Serum Soluble CD163 and its association with various disease parameters in patients with systemic sclerosis.
29  Durafill
(4 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CH (3 times)
DE (3 times)
DY (3 times)
2004 Color stability of resin matrix restorative materials as a function of the method of light activation.
30  dwelling unit
(4 times)
Science
(1 time)
AHRQ (1 time)
ART (1 time)
CHAID (1 time)
2007 On modelling response propensity for dwelling unit (DU) level non-response adjustment in the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS).
31  dermographic urticaria
(3 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
AU (1 time)
DDT (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2009 Prevention of signs and symptoms of dermographic urticaria by single-dose ebastine 20 mg.
32  diagnostic utility
(3 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
CI (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
AROC (1 time)
1989 A utility-based model for comparing the cost-effectiveness of diagnostic studies.
33  discounted utility
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Framing health messages based on anomalies in time preference.
34  dispersal unit
(3 times)
Botany
(1 time)
ABA (1 time)
DOEEs (1 time)
PCD (1 time)
2020 Maternal environment alters dead pericarp biochemical properties of the desert annual plant Anastatica hierochuntica L.
35  distal ureterectomy
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CSS (2 times)
RNU (2 times)
UTUC (2 times)
2013 Distal ureterectomy is a safe surgical option in patients with urothelial carcinoma of the distal ureter.
36  dust
(3 times)
Biology
(2 times)
AE (2 times)
AOD (2 times)
BC (2 times)
2020 Interdecadal variation in aerosol optical properties and their relationships to meteorological parameters over northeast China from 1980 to 2017.
37  dUTPase
(3 times)
Virology
(2 times)
FIV (3 times)
IN (2 times)
PR (2 times)
1993 Identification of proteolytic processing sites within the Gag and Pol polyproteins of feline immunodeficiency virus.
38  3-deazauridine
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ara-C (1 time)
dbcAMP (1 time)
RA (1 time)
1978 Formation of 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine diphosphate choline in cultured human leukemic RPMI 6410 cells.
39  Decision Unit
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
SQC (1 time)
2015 Sample quality criteria.
40  deep ulcerations
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
CD (2 times)
SU (2 times)
AE (1 time)
2015 Endoscopic Factors Influencing Fecal Calprotectin Value in Crohn's Disease.
41  delayed union
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
NU (2 times)
FHN (1 time)
IFN-gamma (1 time)
1993 Predictive value of early scintimetry in intracapsular hip fractures. A prospective study with regard to femoral head necrosis, delayed union and non-union.
42  Delhi University
(2 times)
Environmental Exposure
(1 time)
CFA (1 time)
CWG-2010 (1 time)
JMI (1 time)
2013 Assessments of population exposure to environmental pollutants using air quality measurements during Commonwealth Games-2010.
43  delivery unit
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
ABU (1 time)
ANC (1 time)
aOR (1 time)
2012 Malaria prevalence among pregnant women in two districts with differing endemicity in Chhattisgarh, India.
44  depressed unipolar
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
DB (2 times)
EB (2 times)
EU (2 times)
2020 Olfactory Memory in Depression: State and Trait Differences between Bipolar and Unipolar Disorders.
45  designatable unit
(2 times)
Biological Evolution
(1 time)
IUCN (1 time)
2015 Identifying designatable units for intraspecific conservation prioritization: a hierarchical approach applied to the lake whitefish species complex (Coregonus spp.).
46  device use
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
CL (2 times)
DA-HAI (2 times)
INICC (2 times)
2012 Device-associated infection rates, device use, length of stay, and mortality in intensive care units of 4 Chinese hospitals: International Nosocomial Control Consortium findings.
47  device utilization
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
BSI (1 time)
BW (1 time)
CVC (1 time)
2004 Healthcare-associated infections among neonates in Brazil.
48  diagnostic ultrasound
(2 times)
Audiology
(1 time)
HCD (1 time)
HIFU (1 time)
MBR (1 time)
2010 Displacement analysis of diagnostic ultrasound backscatter: a methodology for characterizing, modeling, and monitoring high intensity focused ultrasound therapy.
49  Diagnostic uncertainty
(2 times)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
HRQoL (1 time)
2020 Diagnostic uncertainty in pediatric chronic pain: nature, prevalence, and consequences.
50  differential ultracentrifugation
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
Ago-2 (1 time)
EV (1 time)
EVs (1 time)
2020 The Separation and Characterization of Extracellular Vesicles from Medium Conditioned by Bovine Embryos.
51  differential uniformity
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
IU (2 times)
CFOV (1 time)
CoV (1 time)
1990 Reproducibility and action levels for gamma camera uniformity.
52  diffuse undifferentiated
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
DH (2 times)
CR (1 time)
DM (1 time)
1985 Improved survival following combined radiation therapy and chemotherapy for unfavorable prognosis stage I-II non-Hodgkin's lymphomas.
53  digital units
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
APS (1 time)
HMC (1 time)
1990 Photometric calibration of the Halley Multicolour Camera.
54  Doppler Ultrasonic
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ABI (1 time)
ABP (1 time)
AOD (1 time)
2008 Assessing Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI) by using automated oscillometric devices.
55  dosing units
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
BG (1 time)
EGP (1 time)
FFA (1 time)
2007 Albumin-bound basal insulin analogues (insulin detemir and NN344): comparable time-action profiles but less variability than insulin glargine in type 2 diabetes.
56  double umbrella
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
PFO (1 time)
WC (1 time)
2001 Comparison of two transcatheter closure methods of persistently patent arterial duct.
57  drug-induced urticaria
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
EM (2 times)
EMN (2 times)
HV (2 times)
2004 Plasma activity of interleukin-10 in drug-induced cutaneous reactions.
58  DU-6859a
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 1994 Comparative in vitro activity of DU-6859a, a new fluoroquinolone agent, against gram-positive cocci.
59  duplex ultrasound scan
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
BMI (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CVI (1 time)
2003 Does severe venous insufficiency have a different etiology in the morbidly obese? Is it venous?
60  duration
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
P/AI (2 times)
PA (2 times)
AI (1 time)
2015 Factors affecting expression of estrus measured by activity monitors and conception risk of lactating dairy cows.
61  durometer units
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
ICC (1 time)
mRSS (1 time)
SSc (1 time)
2006 Durometry for the assessment of skin disease in systemic sclerosis.
62  juxta-duodenal ulcer
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
GCs (1 time)
GMC (1 time)
1987 Variations in the morphology of villous epithelial cells within 8 mm of untreated duodenal ulcers.
63  2'-deoxyuridine
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BVDU (1 time)
CEDC (1 time)
CEDU (1 time)
1988 Mutagenic and antimutagenic effects of 5-substituted 2'-deoxyuridines depending on the nature of the 5-substituent.
64  3-dimethylurea
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
MU (1 time)
PTU (1 time)
tmtu (1 time)
1990 Effects of urea analogs on egg hatching and movement of unhatched larvae of monogenean parasiteAcanthocotyle lobianchi from skin ofRaja montagui.
65  air-dried unground
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
DG (1 time)
FD (1 time)
MC (1 time)
2014 Estimating soil organic carbon content with visible-near-infrared (vis-NIR) spectroscopy.
66  D Ag units
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
cIPV (1 time)
D Ag (1 time)
IPV (1 time)
2011 Safety and immunogenicity of inactivated poliovirus vaccine made from Sabin strains: a phase II, randomized, positive-controlled trial.
67  D-antigen units
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
IPV1 (1 time)
2016 Repeated fractional intradermal dosing of an inactivated polio vaccine by a single hollow microneedle leads to superior immune responses.
68  Dalhousie University
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
UoO (1 time)
2022 Comparison of self-perceived competence of recent dental graduates from the Universities of Otago and Dalhousie.
69  decomposing U. prolifera
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
FU (1 time)
2022 Acute damage from the degradation of Ulva prolifera on the environmental microbiota, intestinal microbiota and transcriptome of Japanese flounder Paralichthys olivaceus.
70  decylubiquinone
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
FRD (1 time)
OG (1 time)
1993 Micelle-supported electroenzymology: Succinate dehydrogenation by escherichia coli fumarate reductase in decylubiquinone and octyl glucoside micelles.
71  Deedu
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 2013 Genomic analysis of natural selection and phenotypic variation in high-altitude mongolians.
72  Deemed To Be University
(1 time)
ADLs (1 time)
AVBRH (1 time)
DMIMS (1 time)
2020 Kinesiophobia in a Patient With Postoperative Midshaft Fracture: A Case Report of Its Impact on Rehabilitation in a 16-Year-Old Girl.
73  deep ulceration group
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
SU (1 time)
2019 [The value of Clermont score in detection intestinal mucosal ulcer of Crohn's disease].
74  deep venous flow
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
SU (1 time)
2008 Local metabolic, pathophysiological and histological changes in venous ulcers.
75  deep venous insufficiency or obstruction
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
SU (1 time)
2008 [Ulcus venosum cruris--etiopathogenesis, clinical features and surgical treatment].
76  defecation units
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
EPM (1 time)
RF (1 time)
1998 Sudden darkness induces a high activity-low anxiety state in male and female rats.
77  degree of unfolding
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
fGO (1 time)
GO (1 time)
NMR (1 time)
2016 Redissolution of Flower-Shaped Graphene Oxide Powder with High Density.
78  delayed uptake
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
LCR (1 time)
TBPS (1 time)
2011 Diagnostic performance of three-phase bone scan for complex regional pain syndrome type 1 with optimally modified image criteria.
79  delayed urethroplasty
(1 time)
DET (1 time)
DPOSR (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2018 Pelvic fracture urethral injury in males-mechanisms of injury, management options and outcomes.
80  delayed urethrotomy
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
2011 Early endoscopic primary realignment decreases stricture formation and reduces medical costs in traumatic complete posterior urethral disruption in a 2-year follow-up.
81  delineation uncertainty
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
GTV (1 time)
PTV (1 time)
2021 New target volume delineation and PTV strategies to further personalise radiotherapy.
82  demarcation unclear
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
DC (1 time)
M-NBI (1 time)
2022 Clinical and Histopathological Features of the Differentiated Type of Early Gastric Cancer with an Unclear Lateral Demarcation.
83  Dementia units
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Perceived quality in a dementia unit: patients' caregivers as information providers.
84  denatured state
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
SAXS (1 time)
SSI (1 time)
1997 Urea-induced conformational changes in cold- and heat-denatured states of a protein, Streptomyces subtilisin inhibitor.
85  dental use
(1 time)
UC (1 time)
2020 Disparities in Dental Use and Untreated Caries Prevalence by Income.
86  deoxyuridine-triphosphatase
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
FIV (1 time)
1995 Increased mutation frequency of feline immunodeficiency virus lacking functional deoxyuridine-triphosphatase.
87  depleted U
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GD (1 time)
PND (1 time)
2016 Exposure to depleted uranium during development affects neuronal differentiation in the hippocampal dentate gyrus and induces depressive-like behavior in offspring.
88  depleted uranium acetate
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
TBA (1 time)
2005 Effects of short-term and long-term depleted uranium exposure on open-field behavior and brain lipid oxidation in rats.
89  depleted uranium oxides
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
SNG (1 time)
2022 Not Just Another Methanation Catalyst: Depleted Uranium Meets Nickel for a High-Performing Process Under Autothermal Regime.
90  Depression Units
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AU (1 time)
EOP (1 time)
NHS (1 time)
2004 Quantification of sub-clinical anxiety and depression in essentially obese patients and normal-weight healthy subjects.
91  Detectable Units
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
ARC (1 time)
IU (1 time)
LOD (1 time)
2019 Duplex nucleic acid test for the detection of chikungunya and dengue RNA viruses in blood donations.
92  deterioration into ulcer
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
PI (1 time)
SH (1 time)
UV (1 time)
2021 Predicting the different progressions of early pressure injury by ultraviolet photography in rat models.
93  dextrinizing units
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2006 Effects of a dietary Aspergillus oryzae extract containing alpha-amylase activity on performance and carcass characteristics of finishing beef cattle.
94  diabetic foot ulcer
(1 time)
Wound Healing
(1 time)
AAWC (1 time)
PU (1 time)
RCTs (1 time)
2012 Benchmarking chronic wound healing outcomes.
95  diabetic patients with ulceration
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
AJC (1 time)
LJM (1 time)
MTP (1 time)
2007 The relationship between passive range of motion and range of motion during gait and plantar pressure measurements.
96  diabetic ulcer group
(1 time)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
2HPPG (1 time)
DC (1 time)
DN (1 time)
2014 Plantar pressure as a risk assessment tool for diabetic foot ulceration in egyptian patients with diabetes.
97  diabetic units
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CH (1 time)
EO (1 time)
UH (1 time)
1992 [Care for the diabetic patient in Catalonia. A study of a population sample].
98  diachronic universalism
(1 time)
Ethics
(1 time)
FLO (1 time)
2018 The future-like-ours argument, animalism, and mereological universalism.
99  Diagnostic units
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ODC (1 time)
RAST (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
1996 Design of an optimally-diagnostic skin test solution for diagnosis of sensitivity to timothy grass (Phleum pratense) pollen.
100  diagnostic urinalysis
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
GURD (1 time)
LN (1 time)
1984 Usefulness of microscopic examination in urinalysis.