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Abbreviation: EC
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
endothelial cells
(6425 times)
Cell Biology
(833 times)
SMC (358 times)
VEGF (336 times)
HUVEC (252 times)
1978 Ornithine decarboxylase activity in cultured endothelial cells stimulated by serum, thrombin and serotonin.
endometrial cancer
(1871 times)
Neoplasms
(949 times)
OS (142 times)
CI (88 times)
IHC (75 times)
1986 Endometrial cancer and its precursors: a comparison of histological and clinical features.
esophageal cancer
(1324 times)
Neoplasms
(527 times)
OS (163 times)
ESCC (151 times)
CI (95 times)
1982 Diet and vitamin nutrition of the high esophageal cancer risk population in Linxian, China.
electrical conductivity
(1098 times)
Environmental Health
(699 times)
TDS (133 times)
TN (91 times)
DO (88 times)
1981 The detection of mastitis in individual quarters using electrical conductivity or somatic cell concentration.
elemental carbon
(856 times)
Environmental Health
(727 times)
OC (564 times)
PM (115 times)
SOC (69 times)
1997 International round robin tests on the measurement of carbon in diesel exhaust particulates.
embryonal carcinoma
(854 times)
Cell Biology
(266 times)
RA (149 times)
ES (125 times)
TGCTs (23 times)
1976 Cell lines derived from teratocarcinomas.
entorhinal cortex
(738 times)
Neurology
(368 times)
AD (127 times)
DG (81 times)
LTP (27 times)
1977 Behavioral correlates of denervation and reinnervation of the hippocampal formation of the rat: recovery of alternation performance following unilateral entorhinal cortex lesions.
endometrial carcinoma
(736 times)
Neoplasms
(323 times)
OS (62 times)
IHC (33 times)
FIGO (25 times)
1979 Evaluation of the carcinogenic effects of estrogens, progestins and oral contraceptives on cervix, uterus and ovary of animals and man.
emergency contraception
(566 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(205 times)
LNG (58 times)
UPA (49 times)
IUD (25 times)
1997 Knowledge and use of hormonal emergency contraception in Finland.
10  ethyl cellulose
(483 times)
Pharmacology
(222 times)
HPMC (63 times)
PVP (29 times)
SEM (29 times)
1982 Release kinetics of sparingly soluble drugs from ethyl cellulose-walled microcapsules: salicylamide microcapsules.
11  electrocoagulation
(358 times)
Environmental Health
(255 times)
COD (64 times)
TOC (20 times)
EF (16 times)
1983 Ontogeny of hypothalamus-pituitary function in the fetal pig: gonadotropin release in response to electrical and electrochemical stimulation of the hypothalamus.
12  Escherichia coli
(357 times)
Molecular Biology
(84 times)
SA (40 times)
aa (29 times)
PA (27 times)
1974 Infectious bronchitis and mixed infections of Mycoplasma synoviae and Escherichia coli in gnotobiotic chickens. I. Synergistic role in the airsacculitis syndrome.
13  eyes closed
(328 times)
Neurology
(61 times)
EO (288 times)
COP (61 times)
AP (30 times)
1979 Measurement of eye deviation under the nonfixative condition in patients with peripheral labyrinthine disorders, especially Meniere's disease.
14  ethylene carbonate
(317 times)
Chemistry
(120 times)
SEI (34 times)
PC (32 times)
DMC (26 times)
1982 Acute dermal toxicity of two quarternary organophosphonium salts in the rabbit.
15  electrochemical
(313 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(101 times)
HPLC (28 times)
PEC (23 times)
CE (22 times)
1983 High-performance liquid chromatography of preparations of ribonucleic acid inactivator(s) from cupric ion and hydroquinone before and after treatment with histidine.
16  European Commission
(284 times)
Environmental Health
(37 times)
EU (30 times)
WHO (14 times)
FDA (9 times)
1991 Proposals for European Commission guidelines in the use of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring to evaluate antihypertensive drugs.
17  enterochromaffin
(270 times)
Gastroenterology
(62 times)
GI (34 times)
5-HT (27 times)
SERT (17 times)
1974 Cellular localization of a vasoactive intestinal peptide in the mammalian and avian gastrointestinal tract.
18  (-)-epicatechin
(268 times)
Biochemistry
(66 times)
EGCG (147 times)
EGC (132 times)
ECG (119 times)
1988 Interaction of epicatechins derived from green tea with rat hepatic cytochrome P-450.
19  epicatechin
(222 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(54 times)
EGCG (129 times)
EGC (107 times)
ECG (101 times)
1997 Inhibitory effects of jasmine green tea epicatechin isomers on free radical-induced lysis of red blood cells.
20  esophageal carcinoma
(205 times)
Neoplasms
(79 times)
ESCC (28 times)
OS (28 times)
CRT (11 times)
1985 Brush cytology for the early detection of esophageal carcinoma among patients with upper aerodigestive malignancies.
21  extracellular
(201 times)
Biochemistry
(32 times)
IC (39 times)
TM (26 times)
SOD (13 times)
1971 Intracellular concentrations of sodium, potassium and chloride in the lactating mammary gland and their relation to the secretory mechanism.
22  epidermal cells
(174 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(74 times)
LC (86 times)
APC (12 times)
CTL (12 times)
1981 Cell surface expression of I-A products is required for contact sensitivity induction by trinitrophenyl-coupled epidermal cells.
23  European Community
(174 times)
Environmental Health
(29 times)
WHO (9 times)
FDA (4 times)
CD (3 times)
1982 The economic effects of international migration: a survey.
24  Euro-Collins
(159 times)
Transplantation
(55 times)
UW (81 times)
HTK (12 times)
LPD (9 times)
1982 Successful 24-hour preservation of the ischemic canine kidney with Euro-Collins solution.
25  energy charge
(157 times)
General Surgery
(29 times)
ATP (25 times)
TAN (15 times)
ADP (13 times)
1977 Biosynthesis of aflatoxins.
26  electronic cigarette
(148 times)
Public Health
(29 times)
CC (13 times)
TC (9 times)
CI (6 times)
2012 Clinical laboratory assessment of the abuse liability of an electronic cigarette.
27  effortful control
(142 times)
Psychology
(70 times)
NA (17 times)
EF (12 times)
NE (9 times)
1999 Regulation, emotionality, and preschoolers' socially competent peer interactions.
28  endocannabinoid
(131 times)
Neurology
(22 times)
AEA (39 times)
2-AG (37 times)
CB1 (16 times)
2004 Involvement of cannabinoid receptors in gut motility and visceral perception.
29  Enzyme Commission
(115 times)
Medical Informatics
(35 times)
GO (17 times)
KEGG (8 times)
COG (3 times)
1990 Fluorometric determination of pseudocholinesterase activity in postmortem blood samples.
30  elimination capacity
(106 times)
Environmental Health
(55 times)
RE (37 times)
EBRT (21 times)
BTF (15 times)
1994 Effects of deep breaths on subsequent ventilation in man during rest and exercise.
31  eddy covariance
(102 times)
Environmental Health
(48 times)
GPP (20 times)
ET (19 times)
NEE (10 times)
2006 Changes in net ecosystem productivity with forest age following clearcutting of a coastal Douglas-fir forest: testing a mathematical model with eddy covariance measurements along a forest chronosequence.
32  electrochromic
(96 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(40 times)
ITO (13 times)
ECDs (12 times)
PEDOT (8 times)
2007 The stoichiometry of the two photosystems in higher plants revisited.
33  evaluative conditioning
(95 times)
Psychology
(74 times)
US (19 times)
CS (18 times)
AARR (1 time)
1994 Is evaluative conditioning a qualitatively distinct form of classical conditioning?
34  emulsifiable concentrate
(92 times)
Toxicology
(18 times)
WP (16 times)
SC (11 times)
a.i (9 times)
1970 Effects of a herbicide, 2-ethyl hexyl ester of 2,4-D on magnesium: Calcium ratios and blood urea nitrogen levels in sheep and cattle.
35  effective connectivity
(89 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
FC (22 times)
fMRI (16 times)
DMN (13 times)
2009 Abnormal amygdala-prefrontal effective connectivity to happy faces differentiates bipolar from major depression.
36  Eosinophilic cystitis
(86 times)
Urology
(14 times)
EG (10 times)
EoE (8 times)
EGE (7 times)
1990 [Eosinophilic cystitis. Apropos of a case].
37  enriched condition
(84 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(20 times)
IC (47 times)
SC (25 times)
DA (8 times)
1975 Direct contact with enriched environment is required to alter cerebral weights in rats.
38  epirubicin and cyclophosphamide
(83 times)
Neoplasms
(76 times)
pCR (10 times)
OS (8 times)
CI (7 times)
1996 Blood coagulation during adjuvant epirubicin/cyclophosphamide chemotherapy in patients with primary operable breast cancer.
39  executive control
(77 times)
Psychology
(24 times)
ANT (7 times)
WM (6 times)
ASD (4 times)
2004 [Inhibition and working memory: effect of acute sleep deprivation on a random letter generation task].
40  electrochemistry
(76 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(42 times)
MS (27 times)
LC (17 times)
ESI-MS (8 times)
1982 Use of liquid chromatography with electrochemistry to measure effects of varying intensities of white light on DOPA accumulation in rat retinas.
41  elite controllers
(75 times)
Virology
(22 times)
ART (12 times)
HIV-1 (7 times)
LTNP (7 times)
2007 CD8+ T cells from SIV elite controller macaques recognize Mamu-B*08-bound epitopes and select for widespread viral variation.
42  esterified cholesterol
(73 times)
Biochemistry
(21 times)
TG (24 times)
FC (18 times)
TC (13 times)
1976 Cellular cholesterol ester accumulation induced by free cholesterol-rich lipid dispersions.
43  effective concentration
(65 times)
Environmental Health
(22 times)
CI (2 times)
CL (2 times)
CQ (2 times)
1981 Unaltered membrane properties of arterial muscle in Dahl strain genetic hypertension.
44  exercise capacity
(60 times)
Cardiology
(24 times)
CR (8 times)
CAD (7 times)
LV (6 times)
1984 [Exercise testing in patients with the sick sinus syndrome].
45  extracorporeal circulation
(58 times)
Anesthesiology
(23 times)
HD (4 times)
CI (3 times)
CRRT (3 times)
1982 [Diuresis as an index of the circulatory status during open-heart operations].
46  Emphysematous cystitis
(55 times)
Medicine
(12 times)
CT (11 times)
EPN (8 times)
EP (3 times)
1992 Emphysematous cystitis due to Clostridium perfringens and Candida albicans in two patients with hematologic malignant conditions.
47  electrical cardioversion
(54 times)
Cardiology
(35 times)
AF (44 times)
CRP (5 times)
PC (5 times)
1993 [Magnesium protects myocardium during electric cardioversion but does not increase effectiveness].
48  enteric-coated
(54 times)
Pharmacology
(23 times)
GI (4 times)
IR (4 times)
TX (4 times)
1980 Meal-dependent absorption of enteric-coated sodium valproate.
49  embryogenic callus
(53 times)
Botany
(21 times)
SE (25 times)
NEC (18 times)
DEGs (4 times)
1995 Differences in pectic polysaccharides between carrot embryogenic and non-embryogenic calli.
50  energy consumption
(51 times)
Environmental Health
(31 times)
CEA (7 times)
Ea (5 times)
ED (4 times)
1982 [Detection of the early signs of heart failure in diabetes mellitus].
51  emergency center
(50 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
EM (3 times)
EMR (3 times)
LMIC (3 times)
1989 The assessment and treatment of pain in the emergency room.
52  epicutaneous
(49 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(19 times)
OVA (13 times)
AD (9 times)
CS (8 times)
1998 Epicutaneous sensitization with protein antigen induces localized allergic dermatitis and hyperresponsiveness to methacholine after single exposure to aerosolized antigen in mice.
53  ethics committee
(48 times)
Medicine
(20 times)
IRB (5 times)
FDA (2 times)
GCP (2 times)
1999 Conducting clinical trials in Singapore.
54  Euro-Collins solution
(48 times)
Transplantation
(22 times)
UW (17 times)
ATP (7 times)
PFC (7 times)
1985 Flush solution 2, a new concept for one-to-three-day hypothermic renal storage preservation. Functional recovery after preservation in Euro-Collins, Collins' C2, hypertonic citrate, and F.2 solution.
55  elongation complex
(47 times)
Biochemistry
(16 times)
RNAP (18 times)
Pol II (5 times)
IC (3 times)
1993 Termination and slippage by bacteriophage T7 RNA polymerase.
56  external capsule
(47 times)
Neurology
(21 times)
DTI (15 times)
FA (15 times)
WM (14 times)
1990 Long-term synaptic potentiation in the amygdala.
57  enterochromaffin cells
(45 times)
Gastroenterology
(12 times)
ECL (4 times)
5-HT (3 times)
GI (3 times)
1966 [Current concepts on normal and pathological enterochromaffin cells (E.C.)].
58  E. coli
(44 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
PA (3 times)
STEC (3 times)
APC (2 times)
1986 A most primitive primodial gene as a building block of the genes for the adenylate kinase, F1-ATPase subunits (epsilon and gamma), aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, and core enzyme subunits.
59  e-cigarette
(43 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(12 times)
CC (6 times)
NRT (4 times)
TC (4 times)
2015 Licit and Illicit Substance Use by Adolescent E-Cigarette Users Compared with Conventional Cigarette Smokers, Dual Users, and Nonusers.
60  ethylenedicysteine
(41 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(16 times)
OIH (3 times)
DMSA (2 times)
DTPA (2 times)
1995 Evaluation of technetium-99m-ethylenedicysteine in renal disorders and determination of extraction ratio.
61  eigenvector centrality
(40 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(8 times)
DC (11 times)
BC (9 times)
CC (8 times)
2011 A local average connectivity-based method for identifying essential proteins from the network level.
62  electron capture
(40 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(16 times)
MS (6 times)
GC (5 times)
APCI (4 times)
1975 Confirmation of pesticide residue identity: part IX. Organophosphorus pesticides.
63  epidermoid cyst
(40 times)
Neurosurgery
(11 times)
SCC (4 times)
CT (3 times)
MRI (3 times)
1987 MR imaging of epidermoid cysts.
64  electrocautery
(39 times)
General Surgery
(13 times)
HS (6 times)
ECFC (2 times)
EMG (2 times)
1993 Transaxillary endoscopic sympathectomy--a report of experience in 150 patients with palmar hyperhidrosis.
65  energy cost
(38 times)
Sports Medicine
(14 times)
CP (6 times)
HR (6 times)
RPE (4 times)
2000 Energy cost and cardiorespiratory demands of nunchaku exercise.
66  elderly controls
(34 times)
Neurology
(15 times)
AD (21 times)
YC (9 times)
MCI (7 times)
1991 Long-term retention of implicitly acquired learning in patients with Alzheimer's disease.
67  extracranial
(33 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
IC (26 times)
MRA (3 times)
IS (2 times)
1993 MRA in the evaluation of EC-IC bypass patency.
68  eccentric contraction
(31 times)
Physiology
(13 times)
CC (5 times)
SAC (4 times)
mTOR (3 times)
1991 Muscle damage induced by eccentric contractions of 25% strain.
69  emotional competence
(31 times)
Psychology
(11 times)
PEC (5 times)
HRQoL (2 times)
AN (1 time)
1989 Evaluation of the NASA/JSC Health Related Fitness Program.
70  extracellular cadherin
(31 times)
Science
(9 times)
CDH23 (7 times)
PCDH15 (4 times)
CD (1 time)
2001 Multiple cadherin extracellular repeats mediate homophilic binding and adhesion.
71  evening complex
(30 times)
Botany
(14 times)
ELF3 (10 times)
LUX (6 times)
PIF4 (5 times)
2012 ELF3 recruitment to the PRR9 promoter requires other Evening Complex members in the Arabidopsis circadian clock.
72  echocardiography
(29 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(6 times)
LV (5 times)
CDH (3 times)
EF (3 times)
1980 [Functional evaluation of pancreas cystic fibrosis. Correlations and value of the echocardiogram versus other methods (author's transl)].
73  enriched
(29 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(9 times)
SC (8 times)
IC (3 times)
PFC (3 times)
1975 Differences in occipital cortical synapses from environmentally enriched, impoverished, and standard colony rats.
74  empathic concern
(27 times)
Psychology
(8 times)
PT (13 times)
PD (10 times)
IRI (4 times)
1990 Empathy in clinical dietitians and dietetic interns.
75  endometrial adenocarcinoma
(26 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
BMI (2 times)
CSS (2 times)
EBRT (2 times)
1989 [Diagnosis and treatment of endometrial hyperplasia].
76  evolutionary computation
(25 times)
Biology
(6 times)
GRN (2 times)
AE (1 time)
AGLDPSO (1 time)
2000 Embodiment of evolutionary computation in general agents.
77  ear canal
(23 times)
Audiology
(11 times)
TM (9 times)
ME (2 times)
MEC (2 times)
1990 Effects of electrode placement on the auditory brainstem response using ear canal electrodes.
78  electroconvection
(23 times)
Physiology
(12 times)
ns-EC (3 times)
s-EC (2 times)
TWs (2 times)
1990 Effect of electroconvulsions on leucocyte counts.
79  Endocytoscopy
(23 times)
Gastroenterology
(13 times)
CAD (3 times)
AI (2 times)
MES (2 times)
2009 Endocytoscopy for the detection of microstructural features in adult patients with celiac sprue: a prospective, blinded endocytoscopy-conventional histology correlation study.
80  exercise control
(23 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
SC (14 times)
SD (6 times)
ED (5 times)
1977 Effects of exercise on the severity of isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction.
81  electrical cardiometry
(22 times)
Anesthesiology
(5 times)
CO (15 times)
CI (5 times)
SV (4 times)
2012 Cardiac parameters in children recovered from acute illness as measured by electrical cardiometry and comparisons to the literature.
82  elemental composition
(22 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
CC (2 times)
RED (2 times)
UC (2 times)
1979 Muscle tension and experienced control: effects of alcohol intake vs biofeedback on alcoholics and non-alcoholics.
83  E-cadherin
(20 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
IDC (4 times)
IHC (3 times)
BC (2 times)
1997 Decreased expression of alpha-catenin is associated with poor prognosis of patients with localized renal cell carcinoma.
84  early cleavage
(20 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(9 times)
ICSI (4 times)
NEC (4 times)
PN (4 times)
1997 A prospective evaluation of cryopreservation strategies in a two-embryo transfer programme.
85  emulsion capacity
(20 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(11 times)
ES (8 times)
WHC (7 times)
OHC (3 times)
1985 Effect of salt and phosphate on the quality of Buffalo and Goat meats.
86  experimental allergic conjunctivitis
(20 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(14 times)
RW (17 times)
WT (4 times)
nrIgG (3 times)
2005 The interaction between ICOS and B7RP-1 is not required for the development of experimental murine allergic conjunctivitis.
87  effector cells
(19 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(15 times)
TC (16 times)
NK (9 times)
CMC (7 times)
1976 Disease and non-disease-related cell-mediated cytotoxicity in humans.
88  endemic controls
(19 times)
Tropical Medicine
(8 times)
HHC (6 times)
MB (6 times)
PB (4 times)
1996 Erythema nodosum leprosum is associated with up-regulation of polyclonal IgG1 antibody synthesis.
89  espresso coffee
(19 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
HPLC (2 times)
MS/MS (2 times)
PCA (2 times)
2001 Multivariate methods for characterization and classification of espresso coffees from different botanical varieties and types of roast by foam, taste, and mouthfeel.
90  leukocyte-endothelial cell
(19 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
ICAM-1 (4 times)
VCAM-1 (3 times)
IL-1 (2 times)
1987 Superinduction of T lymphocyte-endothelial cell (EC) binding by treatment of EC with interleukin 1 and protein synthesis inhibitors.
91  early cancer
(18 times)
Gastroenterology
(14 times)
BE (9 times)
HGD (9 times)
HGIN (6 times)
1981 [Multicentric early cancer of the stomach (author's transl)].
92  enhanced care
(18 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
BD (4 times)
FFT-CHR (3 times)
FFT-HR (3 times)
2002 Collaborative care model to improve outcomes in major depression.
93  eosinophil count
(18 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
ECP (4 times)
PC (3 times)
ED (2 times)
1982 Immune responses of swine to oral inoculation with embryonated eggs of Ascaris suum.
94  experimental immune-mediated blepharoconjunctivitis
(18 times)
Ophthalmology
(13 times)
OVA (9 times)
BN (8 times)
RW (8 times)
1999 Genetic background determines the nature of immune responses and experimental immune-mediated blepharoconjunctivitis (EC).
95  Ecklonia cava
(17 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
NF-kappaB (3 times)
ECM (2 times)
LPS (2 times)
2006 Phlorotannins in Ecklonia cava extract inhibit matrix metalloproteinase activity.
96  electrocaloric
(17 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
ECE (4 times)
AFE (1 time)
CMB (1 time)
2016 Large electrocaloric effects in single-crystal ammonium sulfate.
97  electrochemical-chemical
(17 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(9 times)
AP (4 times)
ITO (3 times)
EN (2 times)
2006 Probing the mechanism of hypoxia selectivity of copper bis(thiosemicarbazonato) complexes: DFT calculation of redox potentials and absolute acidities in solution.
98  esophageal candidiasis
(17 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
HIV (5 times)
OPC (5 times)
AE (2 times)
1991 [Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in the province of Cadiz. A study of 269 consecutive patients].
99  endocrine cells
(16 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
CgA (2 times)
FSC (2 times)
VEGF (2 times)
1984 Immunohistochemistry of folliculo-stellate cells in normal human adenohypophyses and in pituitary adenomas.
100  endovascular coiling
(16 times)
Neurosurgery
(7 times)
SC (10 times)
mRS (4 times)
SAH (4 times)
2008 Impact of ruptured cerebral aneurysm coiling and clipping on the incidence of cerebral vasospasm and clinical outcome.