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Abbreviation: ECF
Appearance Frequency: 1852 time(s)
Long forms: 157

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
extracellular fluid
(710 times)
Physiology
(102 times)
CSF (73 times)
ICF (46 times)
BBB (40 times)
1964 RECENT ADVANCES IN HYPERTENSION.
extracytoplasmic function
(263 times)
Microbiology
(97 times)
RNAP (9 times)
RIP (6 times)
CSS (5 times)
1995 Transcription of the region encoding the ferric dicitrate-transport system in Escherichia coli: similarity between promoters for fecA and for extracytoplasmic function sigma factors.
East Coast fever
(146 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(73 times)
ITM (10 times)
AEZs (7 times)
ELISA (6 times)
1975 Effect of humoral antibodies on the course of Theileria parva infection (East Coast fever) of cattle.
enterocutaneous fistula
(100 times)
General Surgery
(34 times)
EAF (7 times)
SSI (6 times)
CI (5 times)
1991 Enterocutaneous fistulas following laparotomy for trauma.
eosinophil chemotactic factor
(78 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(48 times)
Con A (4 times)
PMN (4 times)
PBMC (3 times)
1976 Defective release of eosinophil chemotactic factor from peripheral leukocytes in patients with chronic urticaria.
executive cognitive functioning
(69 times)
Geriatrics
(16 times)
MMSE (9 times)
AD (5 times)
ACC (4 times)
1992 Bedside assessment of executive cognitive impairment: the executive interview.
Energy-coupling factor
(48 times)
Biochemistry
(14 times)
ABC (13 times)
MD (2 times)
NBD (2 times)
2009 Two essential arginine residues in the T components of energy-coupling factor transporters.
epirubicin, cisplatin and fluorouracil
(44 times)
Neoplasms
(30 times)
OS (10 times)
DCF (5 times)
PFS (5 times)
1995 Adjuvant chemotherapy for oesophagogastric cancer with epirubicin, cisplatin and infusional 5-fluorouracil (ECF): a Royal Marsden pilot study.
extracellular fluid volume
(34 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
TBW (7 times)
PV (6 times)
GFR (5 times)
1959 Determinations of extracellular fluid space (ECF) from small samples of tissue.
10  elemental chlorine-free
(27 times)
Environmental Health
(19 times)
TCF (6 times)
COD (3 times)
EROD (3 times)
1998 Biomarker responses in whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus L. s.l.) experimentally exposed in a large lake receiving effluents from pulp and paper industry.
11  ethyl chloroformate
(27 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(15 times)
GC-MS (7 times)
SPME (4 times)
LOD (3 times)
1975 Quantitative determination of allotypic and idiotypic markers with antisera coupled to N-hydroxysuccinimide-activated sepharose.
12  electro-coagulation-flotation
(26 times)
Environmental Health
(16 times)
EF (2 times)
RSM (2 times)
SDS (2 times)
2005 Removal of fluoride from semiconductor wastewater by electrocoagulation-flotation.
13  extended care facility
(26 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
LOS (7 times)
TKA (4 times)
CPD (2 times)
1975 Ambulatory care: the center of the system. A walking version of ECF (extended care facility).
14  electrochemical fluorination
(21 times)
Environmental Health
(19 times)
PFOA (13 times)
PFOS (9 times)
PFASs (6 times)
2005 Isolating isomers of perfluorocarboxylates in polar bears (Ursus maritimus) from two geographical locations.
15  epirubicin, cisplatin, 5-FU
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
5-FU (8 times)
EAP (2 times)
ELF (2 times)
1996 Chemotherapy of gastric cancer.
16  extracardiac findings
(9 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
CMR (3 times)
CCTA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2007 Prevalence and significance of incidental extracardiac findings at 64-multidetector coronary CTA.
17  endometrial cavity fluid
(8 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
ART (2 times)
IVF-ET (2 times)
APD (1 time)
2001 Endometrial cavity fluid is associated with poor ovarian response and increased cancellation rates in ART cycles.
18  early conception factor
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
AI (1 time)
2001 Assessment of a commercially available early conception factor (ECF) test for determining pregnancy status of dairy cattle.
19  earthworm coelomic fluid
(6 times)
Virology
(2 times)
EE (2 times)
EF (2 times)
PE (2 times)
2010 [Experimental research on anti-respiratory syncytial virus effect in vitro of earthworm coelomic fluid].
20  extracolonic findings
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CTC (4 times)
CRC (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
2009 Incidental gynecological findings on computed tomographic colonography: prevalence and outcomes.
21  ectopic crypt foci
(4 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
TSA (3 times)
CRC (1 time)
GI (1 time)
2014 Histological overlap between colorectal villous/tubulovillous and traditional serrated adenomas.
22  element correction factor
(4 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
TLDs (2 times)
ACDS (1 time)
IAEA (1 time)
2006 Energy responses of the LiF series TL pellets to high-energy photons in the energy range from 1.25 to 21 MV.
23  endplate or/and cortex fracture
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
VD (2 times)
EPF (1 time)
SQ (1 time)
2019 Osteoporotic vertebral deformity with endplate/cortex fracture is associated with higher further vertebral fracture risk: the Ms. OS (Hong Kong) study results.
24  endplate/cortex fracture
(4 times)
Orthopedic Procedures
(2 times)
VD (2 times)
ABQ (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
2017 Identifying osteoporotic vertebral endplate and cortex fractures.
25  enzyme control flux
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
EMCs (2 times)
MEP (2 times)
EM (1 time)
2007 Integration of enzyme activities into metabolic flux distributions by elementary mode analysis.
26  exocoelomic fluid
(4 times)
Teratology
(2 times)
ETU (1 time)
hCG (1 time)
MS (1 time)
1985 Studies on the mechanism of trypan blue teratogenicity in the rat developing in vivo and in vitro.
27  ectopic crypt formation
(3 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
TSA (2 times)
CA (1 time)
CRAs (1 time)
2007 Sessile serrated adenoma (SSA) vs. traditional serrated adenoma (TSA).
28  endoscopic cyst fenestration
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
--- 2008 Endoscopic cyst fenestration in the treatment of multiloculated hydrocephalus in children.
29  endothelial cell function
(3 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(2 times)
FMD (2 times)
NMD (2 times)
5-HT (1 time)
1989 5-Hydroxytryptamine uptake in oxygen radical-mediated acute lung injury.
30  Energy-Coupling Factor type transporter
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
SMVT (1 time)
2012 Uptake of biotin by Chlamydia Spp. through the use of a bacterial transporter (BioY) and a host-cell transporter (SMVT).
31  extended chromatin fibers
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
ADB (1 time)
2000 Extended chromatin fibres: crystallinity, molecular order and reactivity to concanavalin-A.
32  extracardiac Fontan
(3 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
BCPC (1 time)
CPB (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2016 A Simplified Technique for Interventional Extracardiac Fontan.
33  extracellular function
(3 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
fhs (1 time)
hmu (1 time)
porR (1 time)
2009 Adaptation of Porphyromonas gingivalis to microaerophilic conditions involves increased consumption of formate and reduced utilization of lactate.
34  E. cava fucoidan
(2 times)
Polysaccharides
(1 time)
DC (1 time)
NK (1 time)
2014 Protective effect of fucoidan against AAPH-induced oxidative stress in zebrafish model.
35  early complementary feeding
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
DR (1 time)
EBF (1 time)
2017 Changes over time in early complementary feeding of breastfed infants on the island of Hispaniola.
36  East Cambridgeshire and Fenland
(2 times)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
DICI (2 times)
2013 Changes in hospital admissions and inpatient tariff associated with a Diabetes Integrated Care Initiative: preliminary findings.
37  eccentric-core fiber
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
MOF (1 time)
OCT (1 time)
OPD (1 time)
2018 A Novel Mach-Zehnder Interferometer Using Eccentric-Core Fiber Design for Optical Coherence Tomography.
38  echogenic cardiac foci
(2 times)
Perinatology
(1 time)
CHD (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
2010 Comparison of single versus multiple echogenic foci in the fetal heart regarding risk of aneuploidy.
39  empirical characteristic function
(2 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(1 time)
pdf's (1 time)
2013 Empirical and quadrature approximation of acoustic field and array response probability density functions.
40  encapsulated carbonized fabric
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 1999 An ergonomics investigation into human thermal comfort using an automobile seat heated with encapsulated carbonized fabric (ECF).
41  equine corneal fibroblast
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
MMC (1 time)
TGF-beta1 (1 time)
2010 Efficacy and safety of mitomycin C as an agent to treat corneal scarring in horses using an in vitro model.
42  exchange-core function
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
MM (2 times)
QM (2 times)
BR (1 time)
2015 Construction of exchange repulsion in terms of the wave functions at QM/MM boundary region.
43  extracellular culture filtrate
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DPFM (1 time)
2016 Elicitation of gymnemic acid production in cell suspension cultures of Gymnema sylvestre R.Br. through endophytic fungi.
44  extracellular volume fraction
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ADC (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CMR (1 time)
2012 Quantification of extracellular matrix expansion by CMR in infiltrative heart disease.
45  extracerebral fluid
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
BBB (2 times)
ANP (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
1993 Volume regulation of the brain tissue--a survey.
46  eyes closed standing on foam
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
COP (1 time)
CP (1 time)
EOf (1 time)
2012 Vitamin D status in relation to postural stability in the elderly.
47  BECF-extracellular fluid
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
BECF (1 time)
OBLCS (1 time)
2002 Bone as an ion exchange system: evidence for a link between mechanotransduction and metabolic needs.
48  early chemoimmunotherapy failure
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
auto-HCT (1 time)
CIBMTR (1 time)
DLBCL (1 time)
2020 Is autologous transplant in relapsed DLBCL patients achieving only a PET+ PR appropriate in the CAR T-cell era?
49  Early clinical failure
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
CAP (1 time)
MSSA (1 time)
2015 Poor outcomes of empiric ceftriaxoneazithromycin for community-acquired pneumonia caused by methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus.
50  early commissural fusion
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
1- and 2-dE (1 time)
MVP (1 time)
RHD (1 time)
1983 Classification of mitral valve prolapse.
51  EC fractions
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
C/F (1 time)
EC (1 time)
TSP-1 (1 time)
2006 Shear stress modulates the expression of thrombospondin-1 and CD36 in endothelial cells in vitro and during shear stress-induced angiogenesis in vivo.
52  ECF:RpoE and
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
qRT-PCR (1 time)
2007 Contribution of extracytoplasmic function sigma factors to transition metal homeostasis in Cupriavidus metallidurans strain CH34.
53  Ecklonia cava fucoidan
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
MODC (1 time)
PBDC (1 time)
2021 Comparison of human peripheral blood dendritic cell activation by four fucoidans.
54  economic consequence frame
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
ARF (1 time)
CF (1 time)
DDN (1 time)
2021 Framing of FeeMustFall students' protest by Daily Dispatch Newspaper and the effect on readers' perceptions.
55  ECS fluid
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
ANP (1 time)
ECS (1 time)
1993 Extracellular fluid translocation in perfused rabbit atria: implication in control of atrial natriuretic peptide secretion.
56  ectopic cardiovascular fat
(1 time)
Obesity
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
VAT (1 time)
2014 Ectopic cardiovascular fat in middle-aged men: effects of race/ethnicity, overall and central adiposity. The ERA JUMP study.
57  Edible coatings and films
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
NPs (1 time)
2019 Antimicrobial Nanoparticles Incorporated in Edible Coatings and Films for the Preservation of Fruits and Vegetables.
58  effective centrifugal force
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
ECF50 (1 time)
GVM (1 time)
1988 Effect of microtubule reactive drugs on steroid- and centrifugation-induced germinal vesicle migration during goldfish oocyte meiosis.
59  effects of diuretics are related to the shrinkage of extracellular
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1990 Calcium and the kidney--from stones to molecules.
60  efficiency of colony formation
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
EAT (1 time)
1988 [Comparative radiosensitivity of clonogenic tumor cells of the transplantable Ehrlich carcinoma in the ascitic and solid forms of growth].
61  effluent of CF process
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ACW (1 time)
CF (1 time)
EEM (1 time)
2016 Coagulation-flocculation as pre-treatment for micro-scale Fe/Cu/O3 process (CF-mFe/Cu/O3) treatment of the coating wastewater from automobile manufacturing.
62  either fluorouracil
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
EOF (1 time)
2008 Capecitabine and oxaliplatin for advanced esophagogastric cancer.
63  electricity consumption forecasting
(1 time)
Entropy
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
MMCC (1 time)
MSE (1 time)
2019 Electricity Consumption Forecasting using Support Vector Regression with the Mixture Maximum Correntropy Criterion.
64  electrochemical fluorination process
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
PFAAs (1 time)
PFBA (1 time)
PFBS (1 time)
2015 Transport of short-chain perfluoroalkyl acids from concentrated fluoropolymer facilities to the Daling River estuary, China.
65  electrochromic color filter
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
TCECF (1 time)
2019 High transmittance and deep RGB primary electrochromic color filter for high light out-coupling electro-optical devices.
66  elevated carbon flux
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2021 Microbial dynamics of elevated carbon flux in the open ocean's abyss.
67  Eliashberg coupling function
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DNL (1 time)
DNSSs (1 time)
2019 Underlying Topological Dirac Nodal Line Mechanism of the Anomalously Large Electron-Phonon Coupling Strength on a Be (0001) Surface.
68  ellagitannin-rich fraction obtained from Eucalyptus citriodora
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2015 Protective role of ellagitannins from Eucalyptus citriodora against ethanol-induced gastric ulcer in rats: impact on oxidative stress, inflammation and calcitonin-gene related peptide.
69  emergency care facility
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
RTIs (1 time)
TC (1 time)
2009 Transport time to trauma facilities in Karachi: an exploratory study.
70  emerging concept that neuronal uptake of GLN
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2015 Disinhibition reduces extracellular glutamine and elevates extracellular glutamate in rat hippocampus in vivo.
71  EMG cost function
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
EMG (1 time)
SSTP (1 time)
2017 Modification of the spontaneous seat-to-stand transition in cycling with bodyweight and cadence variations.
72  endogenous cytotoxic factor
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
--- 1978 Cytotoxicity of a factor from normal and abnormal human spleens for allogenic leukemia cells.
73  Endometriotic cyst fluid
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2016 Endometriotic cyst fluid induces reactive oxygen species (ROS) in human immortalized epithelial cells derived from ovarian endometrioma.
74  endoneurial cardiac fibroblasts
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
ECM (1 time)
ICNS (1 time)
NC (1 time)
2021 Periostin-expressing Schwann cells and endoneurial cardiac fibroblasts contribute to sympathetic nerve fasciculation after birth.
75  Energy consumption forecasting
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2015 Energy Consumption Forecasting Using Semantic-Based Genetic Programming with Local Search Optimizer.
76  enhanced tuberculosis case-finding
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ZAMSTAR (1 time)
2013 Effect of household and community interventions on the burden of tuberculosis in southern Africa: the ZAMSTAR community-randomised trial.
77  enrichment constrained framework
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
ECTDISA (1 time)
KSHV (1 time)
TDISA (1 time)
2009 Enrichment constrained time-dependent clustering analysis for finding meaningful temporal transcription modules.
78  enrichment of GLU
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2002 In vivo microdialysis and gas-chromatography/mass-spectrometry for 13C-enrichment measurement of extracellular glutamate in rat brain.
79  enter check frequency
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
MAC (1 time)
RT (1 time)
2002 [Effects of low concentration carbon monoxide on the neurobehavior function in mice].
80  enterocutaneous fistula repair
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
HUAC (1 time)
LMQ (1 time)
2018 Computed Tomography-Measured Psoas Density Predicts Outcomes After Enterocutaneous Fistula Repair.
81  Enterprise Communication Framework
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
AWG-OHI (1 time)
DIM (1 time)
EC (1 time)
2000 PACS/information systems interoperability using Enterprise Communication Framework.
82  environmental case finding
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
NNS (1 time)
PCF (1 time)
2019 Open flanks in the management of tuberculosis in Germany under the pressure of migration.
83  enzyme treated corn flour
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
DCF (1 time)
WCF (1 time)
2019 The Properties and Tortilla Making of Corn Flour from Enzymatic Wet-Milling.
84  eosinophilic-clear cell foci
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
GGT (1 time)
GST (1 time)
NAF (1 time)
1993 Glutathione S-transferase isoenzyme patterns in different subtypes of enzyme-altered rat liver foci treated with the peroxisome proliferator nafenopin or with phenobarbital.
85  epicardial fat
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
IHL (1 time)
QALYs (1 time)
SAT (1 time)
2021 Unsupervised Exercise Training Was Not Found to Improve the Metabolic Health or Phenotype over a 6-Month Dietary Intervention: A Randomised Controlled Trial with an Embedded Economic Analysis.
86  epidermal.growth factor
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
ACSS (1 time)
2013 [Study of hormone responsiveness of the adenylyl cyclase signaling system in erythrocyte membranes of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus].
87  Epiphyseolysis capitis femoris
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
SCFE (1 time)
2001 [Epiphyseolysis capitis femoris (ECF) in monozygotic twins].
88  epirubicin and cisplatin in combination with continuous infusion 5-fluorouracil
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1994 A phase II study in advanced gastro-esophageal cancer using epirubicin and cisplatin in combination with continuous infusion 5-fluorouracil (ECF).
89  epirubicin and cisplatin with a continuous ambulatory infusion of 5-fluorouracil
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1994 A phase II study in advanced gastro-esophageal cancer using epirubicin and cisplatin in combination with continuous infusion 5-fluorouracil (ECF).
90  epirubicin and cisplatin with either infusional 5-FU
(1 time)
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
(1 time)
5-FU (1 time)
EOF (1 time)
2009 Advanced gastric cancer: an update and future directions.
91  epirubicin, cisplatin and 5-FU adjuvant chemotherapy
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
ATG-5 (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
GC (1 time)
2014 Upregulation of autophagy-related gene-5 (ATG-5) is associated with chemoresistance in human gastric cancer.
92  epirubicin, cisplatin and continuous 5-fluorouracil infusion
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
ECC (1 time)
2006 Capecitabine, epirubicin and cisplatin in the treatment of oesophagogastric adenocarcinoma.
93  Epirubicin, cisplatin, 5-FU combination
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
HCC (1 time)
OS (1 time)
TTP (1 time)
2014 Epirubicin, cisplatin, 5-FU combination chemotherapy in sorafenib-refractory metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma.
94  epirubicin, cisplatin, and infusional FU
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ECF arm (1 time)
FU (1 time)
LV (1 time)
2017 Adjuvant Chemoradiotherapy With Epirubicin, Cisplatin, and Fluorouracil Compared With Adjuvant Chemoradiotherapy With Fluorouracil and Leucovorin After Curative Resection of Gastric Cancer: Results From CALGB 80101 (Alliance).
95  Epirubicin, cisplatin, and protracted infusion of 5-FU
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2004 Epirubicin, cisplatin, and protracted infusion of 5-FU (ECF) in advanced intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.
96  epirubicin, cisplatin, continuous infusion 5-FU
(1 time)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
5-FU (1 time)
FAMTX (1 time)
TCF (1 time)
2005 Gastric cancer. Treatment of advanced disease and new drugs.
97  epirubicin, cisplatin, folinic acid
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EGAC (1 time)
EOX (1 time)
FLOT (1 time)
2015 Perioperative platin-based chemotherapy for locally advanced esophagogastric adenocarcinoma: Postoperative chemotherapy has a substantial impact on outcome.
98  epirubicin, cisplatin, protracted venous fluorouracil
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2000 Epirubicin, cisplatin and oral UFT with leucovorin ('ECU'): a phase I-II study in patients with advanced upper gastrointestinal tract cancer.
99  epirubicin-cisplatin-fluoropyrimidine
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AEs (1 time)
CAPOX (1 time)
CF (1 time)
2019 COMplot, A Graphical Presentation of Complication Profiles and Adverse Effects for the Curative Treatment of Gastric Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
100  epirubicin-cisplatin-infusional 5-fluoropyrimidine
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2008 Is there an optimal chemotherapy regimen for the treatment of advanced gastric cancer that will provide a platform for the introduction of new biological agents?