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Abbreviation: ECI
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Elixhauser Comorbidity Index
(60 times)
Orthopedics
(12 times)
CCI (23 times)
AUC (9 times)
LOS (9 times)
2008 A case-control study of anaemia in patients with rheumatoid arthritis treated with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs in an adult population in the US: prevalence and impact on healthcare utilisation.
efficiency of conversion of ingested food
(40 times)
Zoology
(15 times)
ECD (22 times)
RGR (18 times)
AD (17 times)
1986 Utilization of evergreen and decidous oaks by the Californian oak moth Phryganidia californica.
Experience of Caregiving Inventory
(24 times)
Psychiatry
(16 times)
FEP (4 times)
EDSIS (2 times)
GHQ (2 times)
1996 Caring for relatives with serious mental illness: the development of the Experience of Caregiving Inventory.
extracapsular invasion
(16 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
SLN (4 times)
ALND (2 times)
CI (2 times)
2008 Prognostic value of extracapsular invasion and fibrotic focus in single lymph node metastasis of gastric cancer.
elasticity contrast index
(14 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
CL (3 times)
EOS (3 times)
IOS (3 times)
2012 Objective ultrasound elastography scoring of thyroid nodules using spatiotemporal strain information.
emotion context insensitivity
(14 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
MDD (6 times)
BDI (1 time)
BDI-II (1 time)
2005 Emotion context insensitivity in major depressive disorder.
Extracorporeal irradiation
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
MSTS (4 times)
MBT (2 times)
APC (1 time)
2001 Extracorporeal irradiation for malignant bone tumors.
early childhood intervention
(10 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
CI (1 time)
ELGAN (1 time)
FCPs (1 time)
2014 Psychometric validation of the Family Outcome Survey-Revised in Singapore.
electrical coupling index
(10 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
AF (4 times)
RF (4 times)
CF (2 times)
2009 First in human validation of impedance-based catheter tip-to-tissue contact assessment in the left atrium.
10  epidemic clone I
(10 times)
Microbiology
(9 times)
ECII (2 times)
R-M (2 times)
D.I (1 time)
2004 Genetic markers unique to Listeria monocytogenes serotype 4b differentiate epidemic clone II (hot dog outbreak strains) from other lineages.
11  early communication intervention
(7 times)
Audiology
(6 times)
HAART (1 time)
LBW (1 time)
NICU (1 time)
2001 Early identification of at-risk infants and toddlers: a transdisciplinary model of service delivery.
12  early cognitive impairment
(6 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
ACP (3 times)
BIG (2 times)
FAB (2 times)
2014 Advance care planning in people with early cognitive impairment.
13  economic complexity index
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
CS-ARDL (2 times)
EKC (2 times)
GDP (2 times)
2019 Interpreting economic complexity.
14  ecological contamination index
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
mHQ (2 times)
CBCI (1 time)
Cd (1 time)
2006 Rangeland dynamics in southern Ethiopia: (3). Assessment of rangeland condition in relation to land-use and distance from water in semi-arid Borana rangelands.
15  Emotional Creativity Inventory
(5 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
EC (2 times)
BSI-18 (1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
1999 Individual differences in emotional creativity: structure and correlates.
16  estimated calibration index
(5 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
AUROC (3 times)
ICU (2 times)
MIMIC (2 times)
2015 A spline-based tool to assess and visualize the calibration of multiclass risk predictions.
17  early combined immunosuppression
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
CD (3 times)
CM (2 times)
HR (2 times)
2015 Early combined immunosuppression for the management of Crohn's disease (REACT): a cluster randomised controlled trial.
18  Eating Choices Index
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
CAPI (1 time)
CS (1 time)
DHD-index (1 time)
2014 Development of the Eating Choices Index (ECI): a four-item index to measure healthiness of diet.
19  enoyl-CoA isomerase
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
DCR (1 time)
GSTs (1 time)
MECI (1 time)
1992 cDNA cloning of mitochondrial delta 3, delta 2-enoyl-CoA isomerase of rat liver.
20  extracranial injuries
(4 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
TBI (2 times)
FIM scores (1 time)
GOSE (1 time)
1994 Comparison of mortality, morbidity, and severity of 59,713 head injured patients with 114,447 patients with extracranial injuries.
21  Early Communication Indicator
(3 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
NH (1 time)
2014 Evidence of a Continuum in Foundational Expressive Communication Skills.
22  electrocerebral inactivity
(3 times)
Electroencephalography
(1 time)
CPB (1 time)
DHCA (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
1991 Neuromonitoring in hypothermia and in hypothermic hypoxia.
23  endocervical crypt involvement
(3 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
CIN (3 times)
LLETZ (1 time)
2015 Risk factors for treatment failure following cold coagulation cervical treatment for CIN pathology: a cohort-based study.
24  Erreygers Concentration Index
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AO (1 time)
IDF (1 time)
SE (1 time)
2021 Decomposition of gendered socioeconomic-related inequality in outpatient health care utilization: A cross-sectional study from Iran.
25  Erythrina variegata chymotrypsin inhibitor
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
ETIa (1 time)
RP-HPLC (1 time)
SPR (1 time)
1997 Analysis of the complex formed by Erythrina variegata chymotrypsin inhibitor with chymotrypsin and properties of the peptides prepared from the inhibitor by a limited proteolysis.
26  Ethic of Care Interview
(3 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
DIT (2 times)
1996 The ethic of care: stability over time, gender differences, and correlates in mid- to late adulthood.
27  extracorporeal immunoadsorption
(3 times)
Chromatography
(2 times)
BOS (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
HLA (1 time)
2005 Utility of peritransplant and rescue intravenous immunoglobulin and extracorporeal immunoadsorption in lung transplant recipients sensitized to HLA antigens.
28  early career investigator
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
DISC (1 time)
FIT (1 time)
JNIP (1 time)
2020 Paediatric/congenital cardiology physician scientists-An endangered species.
29  early cerebral ischaemia
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
aSAH (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
DCI (1 time)
2010 Neurofilament light chain levels in ventricular cerebrospinal fluid after acute aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage.
30  Early Childhood Initiative
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
Hb (1 time)
IDA (1 time)
SF (1 time)
2007 Iron deficiency anemia following prenatal nutrition interventions.
31  Early Childhood Inventory
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
CGI-S (1 time)
DB (1 time)
2007 Methylphenidate effects on functional outcomes in the Preschoolers with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Treatment Study (PATS).
32  early clinical improvement
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AIS (2 times)
END (2 times)
a-LA (1 time)
2012 Serum triglyceride level is an important predictor of early prognosis in patients with acute ischemic stroke.
33  east coast of India
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
WCI (2 times)
MPs (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2020 Environmental gradients along the tropical coast drive plankton biomass and alter food web interactions.
34  eccentric connectivity index
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2004 Topological models for prediction of anti-inflammatory activity of N-arylanthranilic acids.
35  ecological co-inhabitance index
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2001 Ecological co-inhabitance index (ECI) as a management tool for ecosystem preservation in rivers.
36  effect-constituent index
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
C. Rhizoma (1 time)
CHM (1 time)
Q-marker (1 time)
2018 Promotion of quality standard of Chinese herbal medicine by the integrated and efficacy-oriented quality marker of Effect-constituent Index.
37  efficiency
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
RCR (1 time)
RGR (1 time)
1991 Sagebrush carbon allocation patterns and grasshopper nutrition: the influence of CO2 enrichment and soil mineral limitation.
38  efficiency of conversion of ingested food to body substance
(2 times)
Zoology
(1 time)
CI (2 times)
AD (1 time)
ECD (1 time)
2000 Influence of whorl region from resistant and susceptible corn genotypes on fall armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) growth and development.
39  efficiency of conversion of ingested matter to body mass
(2 times)
Zoology
(2 times)
ECD (1 time)
2000 Sublethal acute and chronic exposure of Colorado potato beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) to the delta-endotoxin of Bacillus thuringiensis.
40  electronic charge index
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
QSAR (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
AGPP (1 time)
1995 Amino acid side chain descriptors for quantitative structure-activity relationship studies of peptide analogues.
41  electronic-conformational interactions
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
--- 1978 [Electronic-conformational interactions of molecular-biological systems. I. Quantum-chemical aspect of the theory of electronic-conformational interaction].
42  emotion context-insensitivity hypothesis
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
--- 2012 Emotional responding in depression: distinctions in the time course of emotion.
43  environmental consequence index
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BEU (1 time)
EAI (1 time)
FCP (1 time)
2008 Development of environmental consequence index (ECI) using fuzzy composite programming.
44  Equivalised Crowding Index
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ACI (1 time)
CNOS (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2007 Indices and perception of crowding in Pacific households domicile within Auckland, New Zealand: findings from the Pacific Islands Families Study.
45  Erreygers normalized concentration index
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
CC (1 time)
2020 Inequalities in Rotavirus Vaccine Uptake in Ethiopia: A Decomposition Analysis.
46  erythrocyte compression index
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
CLT (2 times)
RVO (1 time)
T2D (1 time)
2018 Erythrocyte compression index is impaired in patients with residual vein obstruction.
47  estimated cataract incidence
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
BMT (2 times)
AL (1 time)
cGVHD (1 time)
1996 Cataractogenesis after total body irradiation.
48  European clone I
(2 times)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
TA (1 time)
2013 Identification and characterization of type II toxin-antitoxin systems in the opportunistic pathogen Acinetobacter baumannii.
49  Evolution Canyon
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AS (2 times)
ES (2 times)
Hx (1 time)
2015 Natural selection causes adaptive genetic resistance in wild emmer wheat against powdery mildew at "Evolution Canyon" microsite, Mt. Carmel, Israel.
50  extensive cortical infarction
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
LI (1 time)
NDS (1 time)
OR (1 time)
1990 [Risk factors in atherothrombotic cerebral infarct. Are there differential risk profiles in extensive cortical infarct and lacunar infarct? A case-control study].
51  extracapsular inflammation
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
NORA (1 time)
PR (1 time)
PSM (1 time)
2003 [Prospective study of accelerated postoperative radiation therapy in patients with squamous-cell carcinoma of the head and neck].
52  extracranial injury only
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
cfDNA (1 time)
Dnase1 (1 time)
G-actin (1 time)
1993 Blunt trauma in children: causes and outcomes of head versus extracranial injury.
53  eye-computer interaction
(2 times)
Eye Movements
(2 times)
--- 2021 Improving Eye-Computer Interaction Interface Design: Ergonomic Investigations of the Optimum Target Size and Gaze-triggering Dwell Time.
54  3,2-trans-enoyl-CoA isomerase
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2002 Disruption of mitochondrial beta -oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids in the 3,2-trans-enoyl-CoA isomerase-deficient mouse.
55  Delta3Delta2-enoyl-CoA isomerase
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
CB (1 time)
HZ (1 time)
LZ (1 time)
2014 A Moderate Zinc Deficiency Does Not Impair Gene Expression of PPARalpha, PPARgamma, and Mitochondrial Enoyl-CoA Delta Isomerase in the Liver of Growing Rats.
56  Early Career Investigator initiative
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EORTC (1 time)
JCOG (1 time)
2018 Responding to the challenges of international collaborations between the east and the west - report of the first JCOG-EORTC symposium and a perspective from young JCOG and EORTC investigators.
57  Early cerebral infarction
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
aSAH (1 time)
CI (1 time)
DCI (1 time)
2013 Early cerebral infarction following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: frequency, risk factors, patterns, and prognosis.
58  early commissural ileus
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 1991 [Early commissural ileus after appendectomy in children].
59  early contact inhibition
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
EHMW-HA (1 time)
nmr (1 time)
2019 Bioengineered tumor microenvironments with naked mole rats high-molecular-weight hyaluronan induces apoptosis in breast cancer cells.
60  EC instability
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
SEY (1 time)
2008 Dependence of the electron-cloud instability on the beam energy.
61  eccentricity index
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CDP (1 time)
CI (1 time)
IABP (1 time)
2009 Right ventricular failure resulting from pressure overload: role of intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation and vasopressor therapy.
62  echocardiographic calcium index
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CACS (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
MDCT (1 time)
2012 Prognostic value of echocardiographic-derived calcium index in coronary artery disease diagnosed by 64-multidetector computed tomography.
63  ecological connectivity index
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2015 Spatial assessment of landscape ecological connectivity in different urban gradient.
64  economic cost indicator
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EBI (1 time)
EOL (1 time)
TPI (1 time)
2020 Remanufacturability evaluation of end-of-life products considering technology, economy and environment: A review.
65  education-counselling interview
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Education in stroke prevention: efficacy of an educational counselling intervention to increase knowledge in stroke survivors.
66  Educational Climate Inventory
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
--- 2017 The Educational Climate Inventory: Measuring Students' Perceptions of the Preclerkship and Clerkship Settings.
67  effective chemotactic index
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CFs (1 time)
2005 Neutrophil migration in opposing chemoattractant gradients using microfluidic chemotaxis devices.
68  effective cluster interaction
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
2014 Adaptive cluster expansion approach for predicting the structure evolution of graphene oxide.
69  Effective Cost Index
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PGI (1 time)
2020 Energy infrastructure investment and regional inequality: Evidence from China's power grid.
70  Efficiency Cumulated Indicator
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
TCI (1 time)
2017 Global change in the trophic functioning of marine food webs.
71  efficiency of conversion of ingested food into insect biomass
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ECD (1 time)
EO (1 time)
IPM (1 time)
2020 Evaluation of tansy essential oil as a potential "green" alternative for gypsy moth control.
72  Efficiency of Conversion of Ingested substrate
(1 time)
BSF (1 time)
BTFS (1 time)
CF (1 time)
2021 Bioconversion of Digestate, Pig Manure and Vegetal Residue-Based Waste Operated by Black Soldier Fly Larvae, Hermetia illucens L. (Diptera: Stratiomyidae).
73  Efficiency of food utilization
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 1983 Effect of soybean phytoalexins on the herbivorous insects mexican bean beetle and soybean looper.
74  efficiency of ingested food
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
ECD (1 time)
RCR (1 time)
2016 Effects of the Agglutinins Extracted From Rhizoctonia solani (Cantharellales: Ceratobasidiaceae) on Pieris brassicae (Lepidoptera: Pieridae).
75  efficiency of ingested food conversion
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
EDC (1 time)
LWGpFC (1 time)
2015 Effect of Larval Density on Food Utilization Efficiency of Tenebrio molitor (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae).
76  efficiency with which food was converted to biomass
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
--- 2003 Starvation induced stress and the susceptibility of the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, to infection by Beauveria bassiana.
77  efficiency with which larvae converted ingested food into biomass
(1 time)
Biological Products
(1 time)
ACGs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
GR (1 time)
2012 Insecticidal properties of annonaceous acetogenins and their analogues. Interaction with lipid membranes.
78  elasticity index
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
EOS (1 time)
HR (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
2021 Repeatability and reproducibility of quantitative cervical strain elastography (E-Cervix) in pregnancy.
79  electrical coupling information
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
IQR (1 time)
PVI (1 time)
PVs (1 time)
2012 Use of electrical coupling information in AF catheter ablation: a prospective randomized pilot study.
80  electrically induced contractions of the isolated guinea-pig ileum
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2000 Constituents of Croton menthodorus and their effects on electrically induced contractions of the guinea-pig isolated ileum.
81  electrocautery instruments
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
ENL-DCR (1 time)
2002 [First line endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy Technique and results. Comparison between diode laser and electrocautery instrument. Study based on 422 procedures].
82  electrochemiluminescence immunoassay
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
MMA (1 time)
2010 High frequency of vitamin B12 deficiency in a Brazilian population.
83  electroclinical impression
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 2012 Parietal lobe epilepsy: the great imitator among focal epilepsies.
84  electroconvective instability
(1 time)
Physical Phenomena
(1 time)
ECI-HD (1 time)
ECI-MD (1 time)
2020 Shear electroconvective instability in electrodialysis channel under extreme depletion and its scaling laws.
85  electrocutaneous irritation
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
11-HCS (1 time)
1982 [Adrenal cortical function in elaborating a passive avoidance conditioned reflex in rats adapted to experimental conditions].
86  electrospray ionization
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2010 Bioanalytical method development and validation of novel antithrombotic agent S002-333 by LC-MS/MS and its application to pharmacokinetic studies.
87  Elegra, phase inversion harmonic imaging
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
PIUS (1 time)
2004 Improved characterisation of histologically proven liver tumours by contrast enhanced ultrasonography during the portal venous and specific late phase of SHU 508A.
88  elevated coffee intake
(1 time)
Food
(1 time)
HCV (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
NCP (1 time)
2020 Coffee Intake and Neurocognitive Performance in HIV/HCV Coinfected Patients (ANRS CO13 HEPAVIH).
89  Elixhauser comorbidity index for readmission
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
IHD (1 time)
2020 Identification of risk factors of 30-day readmission and 180-day in-hospital mortality, and its corresponding relative importance in patients with Ischemic heart disease: a machine learning approach.
90  emodin via colonic irrigation
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CKD (1 time)
IS (1 time)
2016 Emodin via colonic irrigation modulates gut microbiota and reduces uremic toxins in rats with chronic kidney disease.
91  empiric coverage
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
EOI (2 times)
MRSA (1 time)
2016 How to measure the impacts of antibiotic resistance and antibiotic development on empiric therapy: new composite indices.
92  Empiric Coverage Index
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
EOI (2 times)
MRSA (1 time)
2016 How to measure the impacts of antibiotic resistance and antibiotic development on empiric therapy: new composite indices.
93  employee-customer interaction
(1 time)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
--- 2022 Effect of Employee-Customer Interaction Quality on Customers' Prohibitive Voice Behaviors: Mediating Roles of Customer Trust and Identification.
94  employees with chronic illnesses
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
HR (1 time)
2020 Ethics of care and selective organisational caregiving by private employers for employees with chronic illness in a middle-income country.
95  EMT-CYT Index
(1 time)
Precision Medicine
(1 time)
EMT (1 time)
2021 The pan-cancer landscape of crosstalk between epithelial-mesenchymal transition and immune evasion relevant to prognosis and immunotherapy response.
96  emulsifying capacity index
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BAC (1 time)
CCDF (1 time)
GDRI (1 time)
2020 Effects of carboxymethylation, hydroxypropylation and dual enzyme hydrolysis combination with heating on physicochemical and functional properties and antioxidant activity of coconut cake dietary fibre.
97  endocervical inflammation
(1 time)
Perinatal Care
(1 time)
MIAC (1 time)
2006 Antibiotic administration to patients with preterm labor and intact membranes: is there a beneficial effect in patients with endocervical inflammation?
98  endoscopic calculus index
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
BOP (1 time)
EBI (1 time)
GI (1 time)
2009 The relationship between bleeding on probing and subgingival deposits. An endoscopical evaluation.
99  endothelial cell inhibitor
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1999 Purification and characterization of a novel vascular endothelial cell growth inhibitor secreted by macrophage-like U-937 cells.
100  endothelial cell injury
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
ACS (1 time)
PS (1 time)
RBCs (1 time)
2011 A two-event in vitro model of acute chest syndrome: the role of secretory phospholipase A2 and neutrophils.