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Abbreviation: EF
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Long forms: 667

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
ejection fraction
(9882 times)
Cardiology
(3623 times)
LV (2530 times)
HF (748 times)
EDV (526 times)
1975 [The effect of aneurysm resection on left ventricular function].
enrichment factor
(674 times)
Environmental Health
(528 times)
CF (96 times)
PLI (88 times)
PCA (78 times)
1985 Droplet enrichment factors of pigmented and nonpigmented Serratia marcescens: possible selective function for prodigiosin.
enhancement factor
(276 times)
Nanotechnology
(51 times)
SERS (154 times)
LOD (28 times)
R6G (25 times)
1979 An immunoregulatory factor associated with spleen cells from tumor-bearing animals. III. Characterization of the factor's target cells.
electric field
(257 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(39 times)
DC (16 times)
MF (14 times)
tDCS (12 times)
1987 Direct power-frequency electric field effects on mammalian endocrine tissue.
edema factor
(237 times)
Biochemistry
(61 times)
PA (172 times)
LF (168 times)
CaM (19 times)
1968 Purification and properties of in vitro-produced anthrax toxin components.
electro-Fenton
(216 times)
Environmental Health
(192 times)
PEF (46 times)
BDD (43 times)
TOC (23 times)
2004 Comparison of several advanced oxidation processes for the decolorization of Reactive Red 120 azo dye in aqueous solution.
external fixation
(150 times)
Orthopedics
(76 times)
ORIF (20 times)
IMN (14 times)
VLP (13 times)
1989 Biomechanical evaluation of spinal fixation devices. Part III. Stability provided by six spinal fixation devices and interbody bone graft.
elongation factor
(143 times)
Biochemistry
(76 times)
Phe (6 times)
aa (5 times)
EF-Tu (4 times)
1973 The interaction of elongation factor G with N-acetylphenylalanyl transfer RNA-ribosome complexes.
Eosinophilic fasciitis
(138 times)
Rheumatology
(38 times)
HIV (7 times)
GVHD (5 times)
MRI (5 times)
1981 Eosinophilic fasciitis. A case report and review of the literature.
10  emission factor
(107 times)
Environmental Health
(93 times)
PM (8 times)
VOCs (7 times)
GHG (6 times)
2000 Optimized combinations of abatement strategies for urban mobile sources.
11  endothelial function
(106 times)
Vascular Diseases
(14 times)
FMD (29 times)
ED (12 times)
BP (11 times)
1998 Preserved endothelial function in IDDM patients, but not in NIDDM patients, compared with healthy subjects.
12  enantiomeric fraction
(92 times)
Environmental Health
(61 times)
HPLC (7 times)
OCPs (6 times)
PCBs (6 times)
2002 Study of the enantioselective elimination of four toxaphene congeners in rat after intravenous administration by high resolution gas chromatography negative ion mass spectrometry.
13  elbow flexors
(68 times)
Sports Medicine
(27 times)
KE (26 times)
MVC (16 times)
EE (15 times)
1984 Isokinetic strength and endurance and muscle fiber type of elite oarswomen.
14  early follicular
(66 times)
Physiology
(22 times)
ML (45 times)
LF (21 times)
LL (10 times)
1985 Pulsatile gonadotropin secretion in women with hypothalamic amenorrhea: evidence that reduced frequency of gonadotropin-releasing hormone secretion is the mechanism of persistent anovulation.
15  extraction fraction
(63 times)
Parasitology
(13 times)
MR (4 times)
SI (4 times)
CL (3 times)
1977 Leishmanial excreted factor (EF) serotypes in Sudan, Kenya and Ethiopia.
16  etiologic fraction
(53 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
RR (21 times)
PF (9 times)
HLA (7 times)
1986 HLA antigens and complotypes in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
17  ecological footprint
(51 times)
Environmental Health
(46 times)
EKC (5 times)
WF (5 times)
EC (4 times)
2004 [Dynamics of ecological footprints of agricultural region in Hexi oasis of Gansu Province].
18  emotional functioning
(47 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
QoL (17 times)
SF (17 times)
PF (15 times)
2000 Anxiety and depression in cancer patients: relation between the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Core Quality of Life Questionnaire.
19  epidural fibrosis
(41 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
FBSS (6 times)
VAS (6 times)
ECM (3 times)
1995 Epidural fibrosis after permanent catheter insertion and infusion.
20  efficiency
(36 times)
Environmental Health
(15 times)
RMSE (5 times)
iELISA (2 times)
ME (2 times)
1998 Beneficial effect of ursodeoxycholic acid on alterations induced by cholestasis of pregnancy in bile acid transport across the human placenta.
21  emptying fraction
(34 times)
Cardiology
(19 times)
LA (25 times)
AF (10 times)
LAV (4 times)
2004 Gallbladder motility in patients with hepatic cirrhosis before and after portal azygous disconnection.
22  extended field
(31 times)
Neoplasms
(28 times)
IF (22 times)
RT (9 times)
HD (5 times)
1978 Treatment of advanced Hodgkin's disease in pediatric patients.
23  extracellular factor
(31 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(12 times)
MRP (17 times)
PF (4 times)
SLY (4 times)
1985 Freeze-fracture replica study of capillary endothelium after embolization in the dog.
24  extubation failure
(31 times)
Pediatrics
(8 times)
CI (5 times)
MV (4 times)
OR (4 times)
2007 The effect of extubation failure on outcome in a multidisciplinary Australian intensive care unit.
25  Fermi energy
(31 times)
Nanotechnology
(13 times)
DOS (4 times)
STS (3 times)
SOC (2 times)
2001 Fermi surface and magnetic structure of TmGa3.
26  epicardial fat
(30 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
CAD (5 times)
EFT (5 times)
EFV (3 times)
2007 Epicardial fat thickness: relationship with plasma visfatin and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 levels in visceral obesity.
27  environmental factors
(29 times)
Epidemiology
(6 times)
ICF (8 times)
AUC (2 times)
BF (2 times)
1995 Simulation of a common oligogenic disease with quantitative risk factors. GAW9 problem 2: the answers.
28  eating frequency
(24 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(16 times)
EI (7 times)
BMI (5 times)
SF (3 times)
1998 Evidence that eating frequency is inversely related to body weight status in male, but not female, non-obese adults reporting valid dietary intakes.
29  enrofloxacin
(23 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
CF (10 times)
AUC (3 times)
BW (3 times)
1992 Effects of fluoroquinolone antimicrobials alone and in conjunction with theophylline on seizures in amygdaloid kindled rats. Mechanistic and pharmacokinetic study.
30  ethyl ferulate
(23 times)
Food
(6 times)
FA (13 times)
PC (3 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
1995 [Effect of the liposolubility of free radical scavengers on the production of antigen P24 from a HIV infected monocytic cell line].
31  extrafollicular
(23 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(10 times)
GC (7 times)
TLR (3 times)
ASC (2 times)
1989 In vitro ovulation, prostaglandin synthesis, and proteolysis in isolated ovarian components of yellow perch (Perca flavescens): effects of 17 alpha,20 beta-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one and phorbol ester.
32  endophyte-free
(22 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(11 times)
EI (18 times)
ALP (3 times)
ADG (2 times)
1991 Effects of feeding endophyte-infected fescue hay on portal and hepatic nutrient flux in steers.
33  enteral feeding
(22 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
NEC (4 times)
PN (4 times)
AN (2 times)
1995 Superior mesenteric artery syndrome in traumatic brain injury: two cases.
34  external focus
(22 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
IF (15 times)
ACL (4 times)
AS (4 times)
2013 Attentional focus of feedback for improving performance of reach-to-grasp after stroke: a randomised crossover study.
35  Epimedium flavonoids
(21 times)
Complementary Therapies
(14 times)
BDNF (2 times)
CSVD (2 times)
GHRH (2 times)
2004 [Molecular mechanism of epimedium flavonoids in immune homeostasis remodeling in aged rats revealed by lymphocyte gene expression profile].
36  ethyl formate
(20 times)
Zoology
(8 times)
MB (6 times)
COS (2 times)
AITC (1 time)
1981 Activity of pyruvate kinase and lactic acid dehydrogenase in mouse lung after transplacental exposure to carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic chemicals.
37  encephalitogenic factor
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
MEM (4 times)
MMI (4 times)
PHA (3 times)
1971 Lymphocyte sensitization to nervous tissues and muscle in patients with the Guillain-Barre syndrome.
38  ejaculation frequency
(17 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(8 times)
IF (12 times)
EL (11 times)
IL (11 times)
1993 Pubertal development of ram lambs: Physical and endocrinological traits in combination as indices of postpubertal reproductive function.
39  EnhanceFitness
(17 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
AoA (1 time)
CDSMP (1 time)
DTC (1 time)
2007 "It is our exercise family": experiences of ethnic older adults in a group-based exercise program.
40  experimental formula
(17 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
SF (8 times)
MFGM (5 times)
BF (3 times)
2002 A comparison of the effect of elemental and immune-enhancing polymeric jejunal feeding on exocrine pancreatic function.
41  electro-fermentation
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
MES (3 times)
VFAs (3 times)
EAB (2 times)
2016 Electro-Fermentation - Merging Electrochemistry with Fermentation in Industrial Applications.
42  Epicrania fugax
(16 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
LH (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
2009 Paroxysmal head pain with backward radiation: will epicrania fugax go in the opposite direction?
43  electroflotation
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
EC (5 times)
ECF (2 times)
G/S (2 times)
2002 Novel electrode system for electroflotation of wastewater.
44  early feeding
(14 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
DF (7 times)
BP (1 time)
BW (1 time)
1994 [Preserving intestinal function after severe burn injury].
45  elastic fibers
(14 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
SMC (2 times)
TEM (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1987 [Anetoderma and lupus erythematosus. Study of 2 cases].
46  epidural fat
(14 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
SEL (6 times)
BMI (3 times)
CI (3 times)
2003 Lumbosacral epidural lipomatosis: MRI grading.
47  ethyl acetate fraction
(13 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
AF (3 times)
BF (3 times)
HF (2 times)
2010 Regulatory action of charred Gossamer urocteae on the functions of mouse oral fibroblasts.
48  elongation factor 1-alpha
(12 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
ACT (4 times)
GPD (4 times)
ITS (3 times)
2007 Phylogenetic relationships of Japanese species of Heterobasidion--H. annosum sensu lato and an undetermined Heterobasidion sp.
49  Evodiae Fructus
(12 times)
Biology
(4 times)
CR (3 times)
BEF (2 times)
LIM (2 times)
2009 Evodiamine and rutaecarpine inhibit migration by LIGHT via suppression of NADPH oxidase activation.
50  external facilitation
(12 times)
Health Services Research
(4 times)
EOVs (3 times)
IF (3 times)
ADEPT (2 times)
2014 Protocol: Adaptive Implementation of Effective Programs Trial (ADEPT): cluster randomized SMART trial comparing a standard versus enhanced implementation strategy to improve outcomes of a mood disorders program.
51  evaporative fraction
(11 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
GPP (2 times)
LUE (2 times)
SM (2 times)
2009 A one-layer satellite surface energy balance for estimating evapotranspiration rates and crop water stress indexes.
52  exoplasmic face
(11 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
PF (6 times)
Imp (4 times)
ACFs (1 time)
1977 The significance of cAMP induced alterations in the cellular structure of Phycomyces.
53  Epimedii Folium
(9 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
AGR (2 times)
AR (2 times)
CNR (2 times)
2017 Active Ingredients of Epimedii Folium and Ligustri Lucidi Fructus Balanced GR/HSP90 to Improve the Sensitivity of Asthmatic Rats to Budesonide.
54  endometrial fluid
(8 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
FAE (2 times)
AH (1 time)
aOR (1 time)
1996 Thickened endometrial stripe and/or endometrial fluid as a marker of pathology: fact or fancy?
55  erythrocyte fragility
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
CSM (2 times)
FG (2 times)
SBM (2 times)
1985 Haemorheological parameters in hypertensive Nigerians with and without sickle-cell trait.
56  exoplasmic fracture face
(8 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
PF (6 times)
IMP (2 times)
IMPs (2 times)
1978 Chloroplast membrane biogenesis in Chlamydomonas: correlation between the formation of membrane components and membrane structure.
57  extruded flaxseed
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
FA (2 times)
PUFA (2 times)
ATTNR (1 time)
2005 Feeding micronized and extruded flaxseed to dairy cows: effects on blood parameters and milk fatty acid composition.
58  IIEF-erectile function
(8 times)
Urology
(6 times)
IIEF (6 times)
ED (5 times)
CCI (3 times)
2009 Predictors of response to sildenafil citrate following radiation therapy for prostate cancer.
59  early failure
(7 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
AVF (5 times)
FTM (4 times)
ITA (2 times)
2010 Arteriovenous fistula: end-to-end or end-to side anastomosis?
60  edema fluid
(7 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
ARDS (2 times)
FDLE (2 times)
HYDRO (2 times)
1983 Noncardiac pulmonary edema precipitated by tracheal intubation in patients with inhalation injury.
61  edge-to-face
(7 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
EE (3 times)
OFF (3 times)
ArnX (1 time)
2001 Scaling Behavior of the Rheological Properties of Montmorillonite Suspensions: Correlation between Interparticle Interaction and Degree of Flocculation.
62  Eisenia foetida
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
LT (3 times)
ECF (2 times)
EE (2 times)
1988 Response to parenteral stimulation in earthworms L. terrestris and E. foetida.
63  electrofocusing
(7 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
AGP (1 time)
HA (1 time)
IEF (1 time)
1987 Studies of the sialylation and microheterogeneity of human serum alpha 1-acid glycoprotein in health and disease.
64  embryonic fibroblasts
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AhR (1 time)
AP (1 time)
CNTF (1 time)
1993 Development of ovine embryos co-cultured on oviductal cells, embryonic fibroblasts, or STO cell monolayers.
65  Enjoyment of Food
(7 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
FR (6 times)
SR (6 times)
CEBQ (5 times)
2013 Parental obesity moderates the relationship between childhood appetitive traits and weight.
66  Enteric fever
(7 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
AST (1 time)
ENSO (1 time)
MDR (1 time)
1993 Multi drug resistant Salmonella typhi in Bombay.
67  Erlenmeyer flask
(7 times)
Biotechnology
(4 times)
CCF (5 times)
PMMA (4 times)
BCB (1 time)
2011 A novel conico-cylindrical flask aids easy identification of critical process parameters for cultivation of marine bacteria.
68  exoplasmic fracture
(7 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
PF (5 times)
IMPs (2 times)
1976 Substructure of intercellular junctions in freeze-fractured alveolar-capillary membranes of mouse lung.
69  E. faecalis
(6 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
AA (2 times)
APEC (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2007 Nutrigenomics applied to an animal model of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: transcriptomic analysis of the effects of eicosapentaenoic acid- and arachidonic acid-enriched diets.
70  ecosystem functioning
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
FD (2 times)
ABG (1 time)
AGB (1 time)
2014 Opportunities and challenges in deriving phytoplankton diversity measures from individual trait-based data obtained by scanning flow-cytometry.
71  effect size
(6 times)
Dietary Supplements
(1 time)
3'-SL (1 time)
A-tetra (1 time)
ETAP (1 time)
2006 Spirometry measurements during an episode of exercise-related transient abdominal pain.
72  effluent
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
ASV (1 time)
BaP (1 time)
FA (1 time)
1990 Measurement of the peritoneal platelet activity through the effluent betathromboglobulin levels in CAPD patients.
73  endophytic fungus
(6 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
AMF (1 time)
AR (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2009 Biosorption of cadmium by endophytic fungus (EF) Microsphaeropsis sp. LSE10 isolated from cadmium hyperaccumulator Solanum nigrum L.
74  enterocutaneous fistulas
(6 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ATMSCs-SF (1 time)
BLI (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2008 Treatment of postoperative enterocutaneous fistulas with octreotide in two neonates.
75  epidermoid formation
(6 times)
Otolaryngology
(6 times)
--- 1986 An epidermoid formation in the developing middle ear: possible source of cholesteatoma.
76  esophageal fistula
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
EC (2 times)
ESCC (2 times)
CRT (1 time)
1990 Effect of somatostatin analogs on gastric acid secretion in dogs and rats.
77  eV above the Fermi level
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
CBM (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
DOS (1 time)
2006 Bulk- and surface-sensitive high-resolution photoemission study of two mott-hubbard systems: SrVO3 and CaVO3.
78  exposure frequency
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
ED (2 times)
ET (2 times)
HI (2 times)
2013 Risk assessment of manufacturing equipment surfaces contaminated with DDTs and dicofol.
79  external focus of attention
(6 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
AF (3 times)
IF (3 times)
AS (2 times)
2014 Enhanced jump performance when providing augmented feedback compared to an external or internal focus of attention.
80  extracellular protein factor
(6 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
MRP (4 times)
MLST (2 times)
SLY (2 times)
1993 Repeats in an extracellular protein of weakly pathogenic strains of Streptococcus suis type 2 are absent in pathogenic strains.
81  Fermi energy level
(6 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
DFT (3 times)
TM (2 times)
BLG (1 time)
2006 Metal-oxide interfacial reactions: encapsulation of Pd on TiO2 (110).
82  early-feathering
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
LF (5 times)
ALV (2 times)
EV (1 time)
1993 Effect of tumor virus susceptibility alleles on the late-feathering gene K on early growth of White Leghorns.
83  effect factor
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
CFs (3 times)
BF (2 times)
FF (2 times)
2010 New method for calculating comparative toxicity potential of cationic metals in freshwater: application to copper, nickel, and zinc.
84  effectiveness
(5 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
INF (2 times)
PsyTAR (2 times)
SSIs (2 times)
1991 Efficiency and effectiveness of stoop and squat lifting at different frequencies.
85  efficiency frontier
(5 times)
Health Services
(2 times)
CEA (1 time)
DCE (1 time)
EFs (1 time)
2011 Regression analysis on the variation in efficiency frontiers for prevention stage of HIV/AIDS.
86  Eigenfactor
(5 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
IF (5 times)
AI (2 times)
AIS (2 times)
2010 Representation of cancer in the medical literature--a bibliometric analysis.
87  elastic foundation
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
ANNs (1 time)
FE (1 time)
FEM (1 time)
2005 Comparison of deformable and elastic foundation finite element simulations for predicting knee replacement mechanics.
88  elastofibroma
(5 times)
Orthopedic Procedures
(1 time)
DTF (1 time)
EFL (1 time)
FFPE (1 time)
2008 Elastofibroma presenting as an oral soft tissue mass.
89  electrode Fermi level
(5 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
ELA (1 time)
IPT (1 time)
IT (1 time)
2015 Energy-Level Alignment for Single-Molecule Conductance of Extended Metal-Atom Chains.
90  electromagnetic field
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
DOX (1 time)
LF (1 time)
MF (1 time)
2006 Effect of electromagnetic waves on sensitivity of fungi of the genus Candida to miconazole.
91  elsewhere failures
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
APBI (4 times)
IBTR (3 times)
LF (2 times)
2012 Accelerated partial breast irradiation using once-daily fractionation: analysis of 312 cases with four years median follow-up.
92  energy/fatigue
(5 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
SF (4 times)
PF (3 times)
BP (2 times)
2010 Health-related quality of life and its determinants in HIV patients with post herpetic neuralgia.
93  enteral formula
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
alpha-KG (1 time)
ATP (1 time)
ODC (1 time)
1999 Whole-protein-based enteral formula stimulates intestinal ornithine decarboxylase activity more than single amino acids but does not affect mucosal adenosine triphosphate content in early postsurgical refeeding.
94  epifluorescence
(5 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
AF (1 time)
BSDF (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2005 Video microscopy as an alternative method for somatic cell count in milk.
95  errorful learning
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
EL (5 times)
AD (1 time)
DAI (1 time)
1997 Errorless learning of novel associations in amnesia.
96  ethanol-fed
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
PF (3 times)
2-DG (1 time)
AF (1 time)
1985 Effect of chronic ethanol and food deprivation on intestinal villus morphology and brush border membrane content of lipid and marker enzymes.
97  ethmoidal foramen
(5 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
ALC (2 times)
OC (2 times)
AEF (1 time)
1995 Chronic transection of post-ganglionic parasympathetic and nasociliary nerves does not affect local cerebral blood flow in the rat.
98  ethylacetate fraction
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
CE (1 time)
CF (1 time)
2011 Evaluation of anti-inflammatory property of the leaves of Sansevieria liberica ger. and labr. (fam: Dracaenaceae).
99  evanescent field
(5 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
FIRST (1 time)
LoC (1 time)
N-WASP (1 time)
2002 Imaging actin and dynamin recruitment during invagination of single clathrin-coated pits.
100  evoked fields
(5 times)
Brain
(4 times)
MEG (5 times)
CVLT (1 time)
DZ (1 time)
1992 Auditory magnetic source localization in twins.