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Abbreviation: EF
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
ejection fraction
(10590 times)
Cardiology
(3736 times)
LV (2657 times)
HF (845 times)
EDV (545 times)
1975 [The effect of aneurysm resection on left ventricular function].
enrichment factor
(773 times)
Environmental Health
(591 times)
CF (112 times)
PLI (110 times)
PCA (84 times)
1985 Droplet enrichment factors of pigmented and nonpigmented Serratia marcescens: possible selective function for prodigiosin.
enhancement factor
(323 times)
Nanotechnology
(55 times)
SERS (187 times)
LOD (38 times)
R6G (32 times)
1979 An immunoregulatory factor associated with spleen cells from tumor-bearing animals. III. Characterization of the factor's target cells.
electric field
(296 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(44 times)
DC (16 times)
MF (15 times)
tDCS (15 times)
1987 Direct power-frequency electric field effects on mammalian endocrine tissue.
electro-Fenton
(248 times)
Environmental Health
(219 times)
PEF (48 times)
BDD (44 times)
TOC (27 times)
2004 Comparison of several advanced oxidation processes for the decolorization of Reactive Red 120 azo dye in aqueous solution.
edema factor
(243 times)
Biochemistry
(62 times)
PA (176 times)
LF (172 times)
CaM (20 times)
1968 Purification and properties of in vitro-produced anthrax toxin components.
external fixation
(164 times)
Orthopedics
(81 times)
ORIF (24 times)
IMN (17 times)
VLP (13 times)
1989 Biomechanical evaluation of spinal fixation devices. Part III. Stability provided by six spinal fixation devices and interbody bone graft.
Eosinophilic fasciitis
(151 times)
Dermatology
(41 times)
HIV (7 times)
GVHD (5 times)
MRI (5 times)
1981 Eosinophilic fasciitis. A case report and review of the literature.
elongation factor
(145 times)
Biochemistry
(76 times)
Phe (6 times)
aa (5 times)
EF-Tu (4 times)
1973 The interaction of elongation factor G with N-acetylphenylalanyl transfer RNA-ribosome complexes.
10  emission factor
(122 times)
Environmental Health
(106 times)
GHG (10 times)
PM (8 times)
IPCC (7 times)
2000 Optimized combinations of abatement strategies for urban mobile sources.
11  endothelial function
(108 times)
Vascular Diseases
(14 times)
FMD (29 times)
ED (13 times)
BP (11 times)
1998 Preserved endothelial function in IDDM patients, but not in NIDDM patients, compared with healthy subjects.
12  enantiomeric fraction
(101 times)
Environmental Health
(67 times)
HPLC (7 times)
OCPs (6 times)
PCBs (6 times)
2002 Study of the enantioselective elimination of four toxaphene congeners in rat after intravenous administration by high resolution gas chromatography negative ion mass spectrometry.
13  early follicular
(73 times)
Physiology
(24 times)
ML (51 times)
LF (26 times)
LL (10 times)
1985 Pulsatile gonadotropin secretion in women with hypothalamic amenorrhea: evidence that reduced frequency of gonadotropin-releasing hormone secretion is the mechanism of persistent anovulation.
14  elbow flexors
(71 times)
Sports Medicine
(29 times)
KE (28 times)
MVC (16 times)
EE (15 times)
1984 Isokinetic strength and endurance and muscle fiber type of elite oarswomen.
15  ecological footprint
(69 times)
Environmental Health
(63 times)
EKC (7 times)
EC (5 times)
WF (5 times)
2004 [Dynamics of ecological footprints of agricultural region in Hexi oasis of Gansu Province].
16  extraction fraction
(65 times)
Parasitology
(13 times)
MR (4 times)
SI (4 times)
UI (4 times)
1977 Leishmanial excreted factor (EF) serotypes in Sudan, Kenya and Ethiopia.
17  emotional functioning
(55 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
QoL (19 times)
SF (19 times)
PF (17 times)
2000 Anxiety and depression in cancer patients: relation between the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Core Quality of Life Questionnaire.
18  etiologic fraction
(53 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
RR (21 times)
PF (9 times)
HLA (7 times)
1986 HLA antigens and complotypes in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
19  epidural fibrosis
(49 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
FBSS (6 times)
VAS (6 times)
ECM (3 times)
1995 Epidural fibrosis after permanent catheter insertion and infusion.
20  Fermi energy
(38 times)
Nanotechnology
(13 times)
DOS (5 times)
STS (3 times)
DFT (2 times)
2001 Fermi surface and magnetic structure of TmGa3.
21  efficiency
(37 times)
Environmental Health
(15 times)
RMSE (5 times)
iELISA (2 times)
ME (2 times)
1998 Beneficial effect of ursodeoxycholic acid on alterations induced by cholestasis of pregnancy in bile acid transport across the human placenta.
22  emptying fraction
(37 times)
Cardiology
(20 times)
LA (27 times)
AF (11 times)
LAA (4 times)
2004 Gallbladder motility in patients with hepatic cirrhosis before and after portal azygous disconnection.
23  extubation failure
(35 times)
Pediatrics
(9 times)
CI (5 times)
ES (4 times)
MV (4 times)
2007 The effect of extubation failure on outcome in a multidisciplinary Australian intensive care unit.
24  epicardial fat
(32 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
EFT (6 times)
CAD (5 times)
CVD (3 times)
2007 Epicardial fat thickness: relationship with plasma visfatin and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 levels in visceral obesity.
25  extended field
(31 times)
Neoplasms
(28 times)
IF (22 times)
RT (9 times)
HD (5 times)
1978 Treatment of advanced Hodgkin's disease in pediatric patients.
26  extracellular factor
(31 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(12 times)
MRP (17 times)
PF (4 times)
SLY (4 times)
1985 Freeze-fracture replica study of capillary endothelium after embolization in the dog.
27  environmental factors
(30 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
ICF (8 times)
AUC (2 times)
BF (2 times)
1995 Simulation of a common oligogenic disease with quantitative risk factors. GAW9 problem 2: the answers.
28  external focus
(28 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
IF (21 times)
ACL (4 times)
AS (4 times)
2013 Attentional focus of feedback for improving performance of reach-to-grasp after stroke: a randomised crossover study.
29  ethyl formate
(27 times)
Zoology
(9 times)
MB (7 times)
COS (2 times)
EA (2 times)
1981 Activity of pyruvate kinase and lactic acid dehydrogenase in mouse lung after transplacental exposure to carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic chemicals.
30  enrofloxacin
(26 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(11 times)
CF (10 times)
AUC (3 times)
BW (3 times)
1992 Effects of fluoroquinolone antimicrobials alone and in conjunction with theophylline on seizures in amygdaloid kindled rats. Mechanistic and pharmacokinetic study.
31  eating frequency
(25 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(16 times)
EI (7 times)
BMI (5 times)
SF (3 times)
1998 Evidence that eating frequency is inversely related to body weight status in male, but not female, non-obese adults reporting valid dietary intakes.
32  endophyte-free
(25 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(11 times)
EI (20 times)
ALP (3 times)
ADG (2 times)
1991 Effects of feeding endophyte-infected fescue hay on portal and hepatic nutrient flux in steers.
33  ethyl ferulate
(25 times)
Food
(6 times)
FA (14 times)
PC (3 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
1995 [Effect of the liposolubility of free radical scavengers on the production of antigen P24 from a HIV infected monocytic cell line].
34  extrafollicular
(24 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(10 times)
GC (7 times)
TLR (3 times)
ASC (2 times)
1989 In vitro ovulation, prostaglandin synthesis, and proteolysis in isolated ovarian components of yellow perch (Perca flavescens): effects of 17 alpha,20 beta-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one and phorbol ester.
35  enteral feeding
(23 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
NEC (4 times)
PN (4 times)
AN (2 times)
1995 Superior mesenteric artery syndrome in traumatic brain injury: two cases.
36  Epimedium flavonoids
(21 times)
Complementary Therapies
(14 times)
BDNF (2 times)
CSVD (2 times)
GHRH (2 times)
2004 [Molecular mechanism of epimedium flavonoids in immune homeostasis remodeling in aged rats revealed by lymphocyte gene expression profile].
37  electro-fermentation
(20 times)
Technology
(6 times)
MES (3 times)
VFAs (3 times)
EAB (2 times)
2016 Electro-Fermentation - Merging Electrochemistry with Fermentation in Industrial Applications.
38  ejaculation frequency
(19 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(8 times)
IF (13 times)
EL (12 times)
IL (12 times)
1993 Pubertal development of ram lambs: Physical and endocrinological traits in combination as indices of postpubertal reproductive function.
39  encephalitogenic factor
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
MEM (4 times)
MMI (4 times)
PHA (3 times)
1971 Lymphocyte sensitization to nervous tissues and muscle in patients with the Guillain-Barre syndrome.
40  EnhanceFitness
(18 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
AoA (1 time)
CDSMP (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2007 "It is our exercise family": experiences of ethnic older adults in a group-based exercise program.
41  experimental formula
(18 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
SF (9 times)
MFGM (5 times)
BF (3 times)
2002 A comparison of the effect of elemental and immune-enhancing polymeric jejunal feeding on exocrine pancreatic function.
42  Epicrania fugax
(16 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
LH (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
2009 Paroxysmal head pain with backward radiation: will epicrania fugax go in the opposite direction?
43  Euodiae Fructus
(16 times)
Biology
(5 times)
CR (4 times)
BEF (2 times)
LIM (2 times)
2009 Evodiamine and rutaecarpine inhibit migration by LIGHT via suppression of NADPH oxidase activation.
44  evaporative fraction
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
GPP (3 times)
SM (3 times)
ET (2 times)
1980 A method for measuring the cleaning effect of flushing disinfectors.
45  early feeding
(15 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
DF (8 times)
EN (2 times)
BP (1 time)
1994 [Preserving intestinal function after severe burn injury].
46  electroflotation
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
EC (5 times)
ECF (2 times)
G/S (2 times)
2002 Novel electrode system for electroflotation of wastewater.
47  epidural fat
(15 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
SEL (6 times)
BMI (3 times)
CI (3 times)
2003 Lumbosacral epidural lipomatosis: MRI grading.
48  elastic fibers
(14 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
SMC (2 times)
TEM (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1987 [Anetoderma and lupus erythematosus. Study of 2 cases].
49  elongation factor 1-alpha
(14 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
ACT (6 times)
ITS (5 times)
gpd (4 times)
2007 Phylogenetic relationships of Japanese species of Heterobasidion--H. annosum sensu lato and an undetermined Heterobasidion sp.
50  endophytic fungi
(13 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
AMF (1 time)
AR (1 time)
CF (1 time)
2009 Biosorption of cadmium by endophytic fungus (EF) Microsphaeropsis sp. LSE10 isolated from cadmium hyperaccumulator Solanum nigrum L.
51  ethyl acetate fraction
(13 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
AF (3 times)
BF (3 times)
HF (2 times)
2010 Regulatory action of charred Gossamer urocteae on the functions of mouse oral fibroblasts.
52  external facilitation
(12 times)
Health Services Research
(4 times)
EOVs (3 times)
IF (3 times)
ADEPT (2 times)
2014 Protocol: Adaptive Implementation of Effective Programs Trial (ADEPT): cluster randomized SMART trial comparing a standard versus enhanced implementation strategy to improve outcomes of a mood disorders program.
53  endometrial fluid
(11 times)
Gynecology
(5 times)
CE (3 times)
VS (3 times)
FAE (2 times)
1996 Thickened endometrial stripe and/or endometrial fluid as a marker of pathology: fact or fancy?
54  Epimedii Folium
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
AGR (2 times)
AR (2 times)
CNR (2 times)
2017 Active Ingredients of Epimedii Folium and Ligustri Lucidi Fructus Balanced GR/HSP90 to Improve the Sensitivity of Asthmatic Rats to Budesonide.
55  exoplasmic face
(11 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
PF (6 times)
Imp (4 times)
ACFs (1 time)
1977 The significance of cAMP induced alterations in the cellular structure of Phycomyces.
56  Enjoyment of Food
(10 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
SR (9 times)
FR (8 times)
CEBQ (7 times)
2013 Parental obesity moderates the relationship between childhood appetitive traits and weight.
57  Enteric fever
(9 times)
Communicable Diseases
(3 times)
AST (1 time)
ENSO (1 time)
MDR (1 time)
1993 Multi drug resistant Salmonella typhi in Bombay.
58  esophageal fistula
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
ESCC (4 times)
EC (2 times)
RT (2 times)
1990 Effect of somatostatin analogs on gastric acid secretion in dogs and rats.
59  Fermi energy level
(9 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
DFT (3 times)
THz (2 times)
TM (2 times)
2006 Metal-oxide interfacial reactions: encapsulation of Pd on TiO2 (110).
60  ecosystem functioning
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
AGB (2 times)
FD (2 times)
ABG (1 time)
2014 Opportunities and challenges in deriving phytoplankton diversity measures from individual trait-based data obtained by scanning flow-cytometry.
61  embryonic fibroblasts
(8 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
AhR (1 time)
AP (1 time)
CNTF (1 time)
1993 Development of ovine embryos co-cultured on oviductal cells, embryonic fibroblasts, or STO cell monolayers.
62  erythrocyte fragility
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
CSM (2 times)
FG (2 times)
SBM (2 times)
1985 Haemorheological parameters in hypertensive Nigerians with and without sickle-cell trait.
63  exoplasmic fracture face
(8 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
PF (6 times)
IMP (2 times)
IMPs (2 times)
1978 Chloroplast membrane biogenesis in Chlamydomonas: correlation between the formation of membrane components and membrane structure.
64  extruded flaxseed
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
FA (2 times)
PUFA (2 times)
ATTNR (1 time)
2005 Feeding micronized and extruded flaxseed to dairy cows: effects on blood parameters and milk fatty acid composition.
65  IIEF-erectile function
(8 times)
Urology
(6 times)
IIEF (6 times)
ED (5 times)
CCI (3 times)
2009 Predictors of response to sildenafil citrate following radiation therapy for prostate cancer.
66  early failure
(7 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
AVF (5 times)
FTM (4 times)
ITA (2 times)
2010 Arteriovenous fistula: end-to-end or end-to side anastomosis?
67  edema fluid
(7 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
ARDS (2 times)
FDLE (2 times)
HYDRO (2 times)
1983 Noncardiac pulmonary edema precipitated by tracheal intubation in patients with inhalation injury.
68  edge-to-face
(7 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
EE (3 times)
OFF (3 times)
FF (2 times)
2001 Scaling Behavior of the Rheological Properties of Montmorillonite Suspensions: Correlation between Interparticle Interaction and Degree of Flocculation.
69  effluent
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
IN (2 times)
ARB (1 time)
ARGs (1 time)
1990 Measurement of the peritoneal platelet activity through the effluent betathromboglobulin levels in CAPD patients.
70  Eisenia foetida
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
LT (3 times)
ECF (2 times)
EE (2 times)
1988 Response to parenteral stimulation in earthworms L. terrestris and E. foetida.
71  elastic foundation
(7 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(6 times)
FE (2 times)
ANNs (1 time)
FEA (1 time)
2005 Comparison of deformable and elastic foundation finite element simulations for predicting knee replacement mechanics.
72  electrofocusing
(7 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
AGP (1 time)
HA (1 time)
IEF (1 time)
1987 Studies of the sialylation and microheterogeneity of human serum alpha 1-acid glycoprotein in health and disease.
73  Erlenmeyer flask
(7 times)
Biotechnology
(4 times)
CCF (5 times)
PMMA (4 times)
BCB (1 time)
2011 A novel conico-cylindrical flask aids easy identification of critical process parameters for cultivation of marine bacteria.
74  exoplasmic fracture
(7 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
PF (5 times)
IMPs (2 times)
1976 Substructure of intercellular junctions in freeze-fractured alveolar-capillary membranes of mouse lung.
75  exposure frequency
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
HI (3 times)
Cd (2 times)
Cr (2 times)
2013 Risk assessment of manufacturing equipment surfaces contaminated with DDTs and dicofol.
76  external focus of attention
(7 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
IF (4 times)
AF (3 times)
AS (2 times)
2014 Enhanced jump performance when providing augmented feedback compared to an external or internal focus of attention.
77  extracellular protein factor
(7 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
MRP (4 times)
MLST (2 times)
SLY (2 times)
1993 Repeats in an extracellular protein of weakly pathogenic strains of Streptococcus suis type 2 are absent in pathogenic strains.
78  early-feathering
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
LF (6 times)
ALV (2 times)
ALV-J (1 time)
1993 Effect of tumor virus susceptibility alleles on the late-feathering gene K on early growth of White Leghorns.
79  effect factor
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
CFs (3 times)
LCA (3 times)
BF (2 times)
2010 New method for calculating comparative toxicity potential of cationic metals in freshwater: application to copper, nickel, and zinc.
80  effect size
(6 times)
Dietary Supplements
(1 time)
3'-SL (1 time)
A-tetra (1 time)
ETAP (1 time)
2006 Spirometry measurements during an episode of exercise-related transient abdominal pain.
81  Eigenfactor
(6 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
IF (6 times)
AI (2 times)
AIS (2 times)
2010 Representation of cancer in the medical literature--a bibliometric analysis.
82  electromagnetic field
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
DOX (1 time)
FL (1 time)
LF (1 time)
2006 Effect of electromagnetic waves on sensitivity of fungi of the genus Candida to miconazole.
83  energy/fatigue
(6 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
SF (4 times)
PF (3 times)
BP (2 times)
2010 Health-related quality of life and its determinants in HIV patients with post herpetic neuralgia.
84  enteral formula
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
alpha-KG (1 time)
ATP (1 time)
BF (1 time)
1999 Whole-protein-based enteral formula stimulates intestinal ornithine decarboxylase activity more than single amino acids but does not affect mucosal adenosine triphosphate content in early postsurgical refeeding.
85  enterocutaneous fistulas
(6 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ATMSCs-SF (1 time)
BLI (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2008 Treatment of postoperative enterocutaneous fistulas with octreotide in two neonates.
86  epidermoid formation
(6 times)
Otolaryngology
(6 times)
--- 1986 An epidermoid formation in the developing middle ear: possible source of cholesteatoma.
87  eV above the Fermi level
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
CBM (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
DOS (1 time)
2006 Bulk- and surface-sensitive high-resolution photoemission study of two mott-hubbard systems: SrVO3 and CaVO3.
88  extraforaminal
(6 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
i.s (2 times)
IF (2 times)
LF (2 times)
1996 Extraforaminal stenosis in the lumbosacral spine. Efficacy of MR imaging in the coronal plane.
89  early follicular phase
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
LF (2 times)
AMc (1 time)
ANDR (1 time)
1992 Substrate oxidation and GH responses to exercise are independent of menstrual phase and status.
90  effectiveness
(5 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
INF (2 times)
PsyTAR (2 times)
SSIs (2 times)
1991 Efficiency and effectiveness of stoop and squat lifting at different frequencies.
91  efficiency frontier
(5 times)
Health Services
(2 times)
CEA (1 time)
DCE (1 time)
EFs (1 time)
2011 Regression analysis on the variation in efficiency frontiers for prevention stage of HIV/AIDS.
92  ejection force
(5 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
SP (2 times)
AM (1 time)
aw (1 time)
2005 Evaluation of the compaction properties of a solid dispersion of indomethacin with crospovidone by tableting process analyzer.
93  elastofibroma
(5 times)
Orthopedic Procedures
(1 time)
DTF (1 time)
EFL (1 time)
FFPE (1 time)
2008 Elastofibroma presenting as an oral soft tissue mass.
94  electrode Fermi level
(5 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
ELA (1 time)
IPT (1 time)
IT (1 time)
2015 Energy-Level Alignment for Single-Molecule Conductance of Extended Metal-Atom Chains.
95  elsewhere failures
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
APBI (4 times)
IBTR (3 times)
LF (2 times)
2012 Accelerated partial breast irradiation using once-daily fractionation: analysis of 312 cases with four years median follow-up.
96  emitted fraction
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
FPF (5 times)
NGI (3 times)
siRNA (2 times)
2017 Inhaled powder formulation of naked siRNA using spray drying technology with l-leucine as dispersion enhancer.
97  enamel fluorosis
(5 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
AA (1 time)
MPa (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2006 Improving esthetically objectionable human enamel fluorosis with a simple microabrasion technique.
98  entomopathogenic fungi
(5 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
LC50 (1 time)
SSC (1 time)
SWI (1 time)
2016 Transient endophytic colonizations of plants improve the outcome of foliar applications of mycoinsecticides against chewing insects.
99  epifluorescence
(5 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
AF (1 time)
BSDF (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2005 Video microscopy as an alternative method for somatic cell count in milk.
100  epileptic focus
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
DRE (2 times)
AI (1 time)
ctDCS (1 time)
2006 Unilateral hand automatisms in temporal lobe epilepsy.