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Abbreviation: EFD
Appearance Frequency: 184 time(s)
Long forms: 70

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
energy flux density
(28 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
ESWT (10 times)
VAS (4 times)
FU (3 times)
1991 [Quantitative patterns in the cytogenetic action of microwaves].
embryo-fetal development
(26 times)
Toxicology
(19 times)
GD (4 times)
PPND (3 times)
KO (2 times)
2010 The predictivity of preliminary embryo-fetal development (EFD) studies: results of a retrospective survey in Japanese pharmaceutical companies.
erectile function domain
(17 times)
Urology
(14 times)
ED (11 times)
IIEF (10 times)
RP (5 times)
2001 Severe erectile dysfunction is a marker for hyperprolactinemia.
executive function deficits
(9 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
ADHD (4 times)
BRIEF (2 times)
EF (2 times)
2004 Characterizing alterations in executive functioning across distinct subtypes of cortical and subcortical dementia.
Elastofibroma dorsi
(8 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
FNA (2 times)
CT (1 time)
F-FDG (1 time)
2003 Elastofibroma dorsi has distinct cytomorphologic features, making diagnostic surgical biopsy unnecessary: cytomorphologic study with clinical, radiologic, and electron microscopic correlations.
electric-field-driven
(6 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CMLAs (1 time)
FTEs (1 time)
ITO (1 time)
2019 Fabrication of a Large-Area, Fused Polymer Micromold Based on Electric-Field-Driven (EFD) mu-3D Printing.
electronic flux density
(6 times)
Chemistry, Physical
(6 times)
BOA (2 times)
BO (1 time)
CENFs (1 time)
2012 Quasi-classical theory of electronic flux density in electronically adiabatic molecular processes.
extended freeze-drying
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
BCG (5 times)
AHR (2 times)
HK (2 times)
2003 Extended freeze-dried Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette-Guerin induces the release of interleukin-12 but not tumour necrosis factor-alpha by alveolar macrophages, both in vitro and in vivo.
Electro-fluidic display
(4 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
EPS (1 time)
HEA (1 time)
LCD (1 time)
2016 Forming Spacers in Situ by Photolithography to Mechanically Stabilize Electrofluidic-Based Switchable Optical Elements.
10  electro-fluid-dynamic
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
--- 2010 Reverse of mixing process with a two-dimensional electro-fluid-dynamic device.
11  elliptical fourier descriptors
(3 times)
Botany
(2 times)
PH (2 times)
2019 Diatom identification including life cycle stages through morphological and texture descriptors.
12  external fixation device
(3 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CPM (1 time)
GWB (1 time)
HTI (1 time)
1984 Severe tetanus complicating an open femoral fracture successfully managed using intrathecal human tetanus immunoglobulin and external fixation.
13  Ectopic fat deposition
(2 times)
Endocrine System Diseases
(1 time)
DN (1 time)
DsbA-L (1 time)
ER (1 time)
2019 Disulfide-bond A oxidoreductase-like protein protects against ectopic fat deposition and lipid-related kidney damage in diabetic nephropathy.
14  EF domain
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
EF (2 times)
IIEF (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2011 Outcomes of crural ligation surgery for isolated crural venous leak.
15  empirical frequency distribution
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
BFD (1 time)
BSs (1 time)
2015 Multiple signatures of a disease in potential biomarker space: Getting the signatures consensus and identification of novel biomarkers.
16  emulsification and freeze-drying
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ESD (2 times)
HSA (1 time)
SDS-PAGE (1 time)
2005 Comparison of post-emulsification freeze drying or spray drying processes for the microencapsulation of plasmid DNA.
17  Endoscopic fluorescence detection
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
5-ALA (2 times)
GERD (1 time)
2001 Endoscopic fluorescence detection of low and high grade dysplasia in Barrett's oesophagus using systemic or local 5-aminolaevulinic acid sensitisation.
18  episode-free day
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1993 The episode-free day as a composite measure of effectiveness: an illustrative economic evaluation of formoterol versus salbutamol in asthma therapy.
19  Exine Formation Defect
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2014 The Arabidopsis Exine Formation Defect (EFD) gene is required for primexine patterning and is critical for pollen fertility.
20  Dysfunction-erectile function domain
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
BDI (1 time)
CLI (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2012 Erectile dysfunction and depression in patients with chronic lead poisoning.
21  early fault diagnosis
(1 time)
Entropy
(1 time)
--- 2019 A Review of Early Fault Diagnosis Approaches and Their Applications in Rotating Machinery.
22  early fetal death
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
THI (1 time)
2017 Maternal and non-maternal factors associated with late embryonic and early fetal losses in dairy cows.
23  Early first drinking
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2009 Anticipating problem drinking risk from preschoolers' antisocial behavior: evidence for a common delinquency-related diathesis model.
24  early flap displacements
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
OR (1 time)
2011 Early flap displacement after LASIK.
25  easy-flow drain
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
LAP (1 time)
PP (1 time)
rob (1 time)
2017 The Watertightness of the Anastomosis After Laparoscopic or Robot-Assisted Pyeloplasty: Is a Drainage Necessary?
26  edge-fibrillar distance
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CFs (1 time)
ED (1 time)
IFD (1 time)
2015 A new method of detecting changes in corneal health in response to toxic insults.
27  EF-hand domain
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
DH (1 time)
FRET (1 time)
NOX5 (1 time)
2020 Binding of Nox5's EF-Hand domain to the peptides corresponding to the phosphorylatable region and regulatory inhibitory loop in its dehydrogenase domain.
28  effective dose
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
CAG (1 time)
1989 Metabolism, toxicity, and carcinogenicity of trichloroethylene.
29  effective flormidal dose
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
EFMD (1 time)
EMD (1 time)
SMD (1 time)
1992 [The interaction of moradol (butorphanol tartrate) and flormidal (midazolam) in the patient's body].
30  effective focal distance
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
SEE (1 time)
1987 Use of a gamma camera to estimate bone mineral content based on the dual-photon technique.
31  electric field domain
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
QCLs (1 time)
2014 Direct nanoscale imaging of evolving electric field domains in quantum structures.
32  electrical field directed
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2016 An Electric Field Assembler System for Micro-Nanofabrication of Energy Storage Materials.
33  electrofluorescent device
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
LbL (1 time)
PDDA (1 time)
2013 Electrofluorescence switching from a multilayer thin film by spin-assisted layer-by-layer assembly of an anionic fluorescent conjugated polyelectrolyte with poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride).
34  electron field detector
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2006 Limitations of silicon diodes for clinical electron dosimetry.
35  electron field diode
(1 time)
Radiobiology
(1 time)
dmax (1 time)
MLC (1 time)
2016 Analysis of small field percent depth dose and profiles: Comparison of measurements with various detectors and effects of detector orientation with different jaw settings.
36  electrophoresis followed by scanning densitometry
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
IT (1 time)
1990 Estimation of paraproteins by immunoturbidimetry and electrophoresis followed by scanning densitometry.
37  elevated fine dust
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
FD (1 time)
NFRs (1 time)
PBDEs (1 time)
2018 Selected organohalogenated flame retardants in Egyptian indoor and outdoor environments: Levels, sources and implications for human exposure.
38  ellipsoidal fiber distribution
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
FE (1 time)
OA (1 time)
2013 Finite element prediction of transchondral stress and strain in the human hip.
39  embolic filter debris
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CAS (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2018 Quantitative analysis and predictors of embolic filter debris load during carotid artery stenting in asymptomatic patients.
40  embolic filtration devices
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CAS (1 time)
CEA (1 time)
2006 Use of stents to treat extracranial cerebrovascular disease.
41  embryo-fundus distance
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
IVF (1 time)
2013 IVF outcome is optimized when embryos are replaced between 5 and 15 mm from the fundal endometrial surface: a prospective analysis on 1184 IVF cycles.
42  embryonic-fetal diameter
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CRL (1 time)
dg (1 time)
GSD (1 time)
2012 Pregnancy in Hystricomorpha: gestational age and embryonic-fetal development of agouti (Dasyprocta prymnolopha, Wagler 1831) estimated by ultrasonography.
43  Emoform-F Diamond
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CWD (1 time)
ED (1 time)
FS (1 time)
2019 The effect of diamond toothpastes on surface gloss of resin composites.
44  Emotional Function Dimension
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
MI (1 time)
PSFD (1 time)
1990 Measuring quality of life in cardiac spouses.
45  enamel focal demineralization
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 1991 Dento-facial morphology and caries experience: an epidemiological study.
46  end of flowering date
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
FD (1 time)
FFD (1 time)
2017 Changes in flowering phenology of woody plants from 1963 to 2014 in North China.
47  endosaccular flow disruptor
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
BTA (1 time)
2020 Endovascular treatment of basilar tip aneurysms in the era of endosaccular flow disruption: a comparative study.
48  energy fluence distribution
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
MC (1 time)
PDD (1 time)
2020 Modeling the head of PRIMUS linear accelerator for electron-mode at 10 MeV for different applicators.
49  engineering fluid dynamics
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2006 [Simulation research of extracorporeal circulation reflux control method].
50  enhanced fluorodifen detoxifying mutant
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GSTUs (1 time)
2003 Forced evolution of a herbicide detoxifying glutathione transferase.
51  enteral feeding at discharge
(1 time)
Neurosurgical Procedures
(1 time)
p-fossa (1 time)
2013 Dysphagia following posterior fossa surgery in adults.
52  entropy-based categorization and fractal dimension estimation
(1 time)
GFD (1 time)
2011 FOOD TEXTURE DESCRIPTORS BASED ON FRACTAL AND LOCAL GRADIENT INFORMATION.
53  environmental fate database
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
BID (1 time)
ECO (1 time)
EXT (1 time)
2004 Chemical databases evaluated by order theoretical tools.
54  epifriedelinol
(1 time)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
BBB (1 time)
GFAP (1 time)
IL-1beta (1 time)
2018 Protective Effects of Epifriedelinol in a Rat Model of Traumatic Brain Injury Assessed with Histological and Hematological Markers.
55  equal frequency discretization
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
EEG (1 time)
MLPNN (1 time)
2011 Epileptic seizure detection using probability distribution based on equal frequency discretization.
56  equivalent fluorescent DNA
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Two-colour fluorescence fluorimetric analysis for direct quantification of bacteria and its application in monitoring bacterial growth in cellulose degradation systems.
57  erectile function domain score of the IIEF
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
RP (1 time)
2020 A Randomized, Controlled, 3-Arm Trial of Pharmacological Penile Rehabilitation in the Preservation of Erectile Function After Radical Prostatectomy.
58  Erlenmeyer flask bone deformity
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
EFD-ME (1 time)
ISDR (1 time)
2009 The Erlenmeyer flask bone deformity in the skeletal dysplasias.
59  Erythromycin fermentation dregs
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ERY (1 time)
2021 Erythromycin stimulates rather than inhibits methane production in anaerobic digestion of antibiotic fermentation dregs.
60  escala facial del dolor
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
EVN (1 time)
2021 Validation of a faces pain scale in postsurgical geriatric patients.
61  essential fatty acid deficiency
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ETA (1 time)
LA (1 time)
1987 Plasma fatty acid composition in patients with ileal dysfunction.
62  ethylene response factor required for nodule differentiation
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BNF (1 time)
ddRADseq (1 time)
MOT1 (1 time)
2019 Allelic Variants for Candidate Nitrogen Fixation Genes Revealed by Sequencing in Red Clover (Trifolium pratense L.).
63  evanescent-field dielectrometry
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
NMR (1 time)
2010 Non-destructive mapping of dampness and salts in degraded wall paintings in hypogeous buildings: the case of St. Clement at mass fresco in St. Clement Basilica, Rome.
64  executive functioning disorder
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
AGN (1 time)
CANTAB (1 time)
2019 Can the CANTAB identify adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder? A controlled study.
65  expected foaling date
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2012 Efficacy of domperidone gel in an induced model of fescue toxicosis in periparturient mares.
66  external fixator duration
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
AmtL (1 time)
CPMBT (1 time)
EFI (1 time)
2021 Congenital Posteromedial Bowing of Tibia: Comparison of Early and Late Lengthening.
67  externally fixed
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
HHD (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
2016 Hand-held dynamometry strength measures for internal and external rotation demonstrate superior reliability, lower minimal detectable change and higher correlation to isokinetic dynamometry than externally-fixed dynamometry of the shoulder.
68  extramedullary fixation device
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
IMHS (1 time)
IT (1 time)
2017 Hip Arthroplasty After Surgical Treatment of Intertrochanteric Hip Fractures.
69  high-energy flux density
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
DEXA (1 time)
ESWT (1 time)
2017 Short-term effects of extracorporeal shock wave therapy on bone mineral density in postmenopausal osteoporotic patients.
70  sexual functional domains of erection
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
VIU (1 time)
2012 Impact of visual internal urethrotomy on sexual function in patients with urethral stricture.